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Catalogue of the ungulate mammals in the British Museum (Natural History) (Volume 4) online

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Mus. p. 98, 1872, Hand-List Ruminants Brit. Mus. p. 168, 1873,
partim ; Milne-Edwards, Ann. Sci. Nat., Zool. ser. 5, vol. ii,
p. 160, 1864 ; Blyth, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1864, p. 483 ; Flower and
Garson, Cat. Osteol. Mus. R. Coll. Surg. pt. ii, p. 327, 1884;
W. L. Sclater, Cat. Mamm. Ind. Mus. pt. ii, pp. ~188 and 191,
1891, partim; Thomas, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1891, p. 385, Journ.
Malay Mus. vol. ii, p. 106, 1908; Bonhote, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist.
ser. 7, vol. xi, p. 296, 1903.

Typical locality not definitely known, but probably some
part of the Malay Peninsula.

Size medium ; a bare glandular area on under side of
chin and upper part of throat; general colour typically
bright rufous, not darker on neck than on back.

The distribution is probably restricted to the Malay
Peninsula and adjacent islands.

The races are distinguished as follows :

A. General colour rufous.

a. Size larger T. s. stanleyanus.

b. Size smaller T. s. rufulus.

B. General colour yellower T. s. perflavus.

c. General colour orange T. s. formosus.



A. Tragulus stanleyanus stanleyanus.

Typical locality as above.
Size and colouring as under heading of species.
48. 10. 11. 6. I Skull and skin. Locality unknown.

48. 12. 12. 1 (827, a). \ Type. Skull figured in Gray's
Catalogue of Ungulata, 1852.

Presented by the Earl of Derby, 1848.
53. 8. 29. 38. Skin, mounted; collected by Mrs. Walk-
ingshaw. Locality unknown.

Purchased (Zoological Society), 1853.



266



CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES



53. 8. 29. 40. Skin, three days' old fawn. From an
animal born in London. . Same history.

67. 4. 12. 293. Skull, immature female, referable to this
or one of the allied races. Locality unknown.

Lidth de Jeudc Collection, purchased, 1867.

B. Tragulus stanleyanus perflavus.

Tragulus perflavus, Miller, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxi, p. 251,
1906 ; Lyon, ibid. p. 653, 1907, vol. xxxvi, p. 481, 1909.

Tragulus stanleyanus perflavus, Thomas and WrougJiton, Journ.
Malay Mus. vol. iv, p. 128, 1909.

Typical locality Batam Island, Khio Linga Group.
Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.
Colour a yellower rufous than in preceding races ; area
of white throat-markings small. For dimensions see p. 294.
9. 4. 1. 488. Skull and skin. Tanjong Turut, Batam
Island ; collected by H. C. Eobinson, Esq. Presented ly

the Government of the Federated Malay States, 1909.
9.4.1.489. Skull and skin. Same locality and collector

Same history.

9. 4. 1. 490. Skull and^skin. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

9. 4. 1. 491. Skull and skin. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

9. 4. 1. 492. Skull and skin. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

9. 4. 1. 493. Skull and skin. Same locality and collector.

Same history.
Same locality and
Same history.
Same locality and
Same history.
Same locality and
Same history.
Same locality and



496.



9. 4. 1

collector.

9. 4. 1
collector.

9.4. 1
collector.

9. 4. 1
collector.

9.4. 1
collector.

9. 4. 1. 499.
collector.



494. -Skull and skin, female.



495. Skull and skin, female.



497.



Skull and skin, female.
Skull and skin, female.



498. Skull and skin, female.



Skull and skin, female.



Same history.
Same locality and

Same history.
Same locality and

Same history.



TRAGULID^ 267



C. -Tragulus stanleyanus rufulus.

Tragulus rufulus, Miller, Proc. Washington Ac. Sci. vol. ii, p. 227,
1900 ; Thomas, Journ. Malay Mus. vol. ii, p. 106, 1908.

Tragulus javanicus rufulus, Bonhote, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 7,
vol. xi, p. 296, 1903.

Tragulus stanleyanus rufulus, Thomas and Wroughton, Journ. Malay
MKS. vol. iv, p. 129, 1909.

Typical locality Pulo Tioman, off Johore.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Similar to typical T. stanleyanus in colour, but considerably
smaller in size.

8. 1. 25. 24. Skull. Juara Bay, Pulo Tioman.

Presented by H. C. Robinson, Esq., 1908.

8. 2. 25. 22. Skull and skin. Pulo Tioman ; collected

by H. C. Robinson, Esq. Presented ~by

the Government of the Federated Malay States, 1908.

8. 1. 25. 23. Skull and skin, female. Same locality and
collector. Same history.



D. Tragulus stanleyanus formosus.

Tragulus formosus, Miller, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xvi,
p. 34, 1903, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxi, p. 251, 1906.

Tragulus javanicus formosus, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 688,
1904.

Tragulus stanleyanus formosus, Thomas and Wroughton, Journ. Malay
Mus. vol. iv, p. 129, 1909.

Typical locality Pulo Bin tang, Rhio Linga Group.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

General colour bright orange ochery, darkening to ochery
rufous on neck and limbs, and lightening to orange-buff on
flanks ; hairs drab with black tips ; crown, middle line of
nape, and back black, much mingled with ochery rufous,
which renders nuchal stripe inconspicuous ; under-parts
tinged with yellowish drab. For dimensions see p. 294.

9. 4. 1. 484. Skull and skin. Pulo Bintang ; collected

by H. C. Robinson, Esq. Presented ly

the Government of the Federated Malay States, 1909.



268 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

9. 4. 1. 486. Skull and skin. Same locality and

collector. Same history.

9. 4. 1. 487. Skull and skin. Sungei Biru, Pulo

Bintang ; same collector. Same history.



in. TKAGULUS JAVANICUS.

Cervus javanicus, OsbecJc, Beise Ostind. und China, p. 367, 1765.
Moschus javanicus, Baffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xiii, p. 262, 1822 ;

Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1836, p. 64 ; nee Gmelin, 1788.
Tragulus javanicus, Gray, List Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 173, 1843, Cat.

Ungulata Brit. Mus. p. 249, 1852, Cat. Buminants Brit. Mus.

p. 98, 1872, Hand-List Buminants Brit. Mus. p. 168, 1873;

Cantor, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, vol. xv, p. 269, 1846 ; Blyth,

ibid. vol. xxvii, p. 277, 1859, Cat. Mamm. Mus. Asiat. Soc.

Bengal, p. 155, 1863 ; BonJiote, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 8,

vol. xi, p. 296, 1903.
Tragulus fuscatus, Blyth, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, vol. xxvii, p. 278,

1859.
Tragulus napu, Milne-Edwards, Ann. Sci. Nat., Zool. ser. 5, vol. ii,

p. 158, 1864, and most later writers.

Typical locality Java.

Size typically large, shoulder-height about 13 inches ;
a naked tract on throat ; tarsus naked behind ; tail relatively
long; general colour typically yellowish or rufous brown,
passing into smoky grey on sides ; hairs of back black-
tipped, but without pale subterminal ring; forehead and
nape blacker; under-parts white; throat and fore part of
neck brown, with five more or less distinct white stripes, a
median stripe on the chest, and two oblique white lines on
each side of front of throat, which may coalesce ; rump
rufous ; tail brown above, white below.

The distributional area extends from Sumatra, Borneo,
and Java, together with the neighbouring isles (such as those
of the Ehio Linga Group), through the Malay Peninsula and
adjacent islands, to southern Tenasserim, as well as to
Annam.

A. Tragulus javanicus javanicus.

Typical locality Java.

General characters those given under head of species.

No specimen in collection.



TRAGUL11M-: 260



B. Trag-ulus javanicus napu.

Moschus napu, F. Cuvier, Hist. Nat. Ma mm. vol. iii, livr. 37, pi. 329,
1822.

Tragulns napu, Milne-Edwards, Ann. Sci. Nat., Zool. ser. 7, vol. ii,
pp. 106 and 158, 1864; Blyth, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1864, p. 483;
Stanford, Jonrn. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, vol. xlvii, pt. 2, p. 166, 1879,
i'ltuiKt ]>rit. Iittliii, ^fainiu. p. 557, 1901; Flower and Gar sou,
( 'at. Osteol. Mus. E. Coll. Sura. pt. ii, p. 328, 1884 ; Jentink, Noli-*
Ley den Mus. vol. xi, p. 25, 1889 ; Thomas, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1886,
p. 71, 1891, p. 585 ; W. L. Sclater, Cat. Mamm. Ind. Mus. pt. ii,
p. 190, 1891 ; Lydeliker, Great and Small Game of India, etc.
p. 256, 1900, Game Animals of India, etc. p. 275, 1907 ; Stone
and Eelm, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1902, p. 27 ; Miller,
Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xiii, p. 186, 1900, Proc. U.S.
Nat. Mus. vol. xxvi, p. 439, 1903, vol. xxxvii, p. 6, pi. i, 1909 ;
Schneider, Zool. Jahrb., Syst. vol. xxiii, p. 133, 1905 ; Lyon,
Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxiv, p. 628, 1908.

Tragulus javanicus napu, Bonhote, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 7,
vol. xi, p. 296, 1903.

Typical locality Sumatra.

Very similar to typical race ; general colour orange-buff,
faintly washed with blackish ; sides and under-parts greyish ;
a moderately distinct dark nuchal stripe, throat-markings
normal, the outer dark pair similar in colour to rest of neck ;
total length about 22^ inches (572 mm.).

51, 1. Skin, female. Sumatra ; collected by Sir J. Stamford

Baffles. Presented by Lady Raffles.

51, c. Skull and skin, immature. Same locality and

collector. Same history.

79. 11. 21. 243. Skin. Purlis, Malay Peninsula;

collected by Dr. J. Cantor.

Transferred from India Museum, 1879.
85. 8. 1. 351. Skin. Bankasun, Tenasserim ; collected
by W. Davison, Esq.

Presented by A. 0. Hume, Esq., C.B., 1885.
85. 8. 1. 352. Skin. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

85. 8. 1. 353. Skin, female. Probably same locality ;

same collector. Same history.

85. 8. 1. 354. Skin, young. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

91. 11. 6. 4. Skin, young. Same locality and collector.
Presented by Dr. W. T. Stanford, 1891,



270 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

99. 6. 12. 4. Skin, immature female. Deli, Sumatra.

Presented by Theodore Barclay, Esq., 1899.

13. 5. 26. 1. Skin, albino, of this or one of the allied
races. Eawang, Malay Peninsula.

Presented ~by Mungo Park, Esq., 1913.

14. 12. 8. 225. Skull and skin. Bankachon, southern
Tenasserini. Presented ~by the

Bombay Natural History Society, 1914.
14. 12. 8. 226. Skull and skin. Same locality.

Same history.
14. 12. 8. 227. Skull and skin. Same locality.

Same history.
14. 12. 8. 228. Skull and skin, female. Same locality.

Same history.
14. 12. 8. 229. Skull and skin, female. Same locality.

Same history.
14. 12. 8. 230. Skull and skin, female. Same locality.

Same history.

C. Tragulus javanicus canescens.

Tragulus canescens, Miller, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xiii,
p. 185, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxvii, p. 5, foot-note,
1909 ; Thomas and Wroughton, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 8,
vol. iv, p. 536, 1909.

Tragulus javanicus canescens, Bonhote, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 7,
vol. xi, p. 296, 1903, Fascicule Malay, vol. i, p. 41, 1903.

Typical locality Trong, Lower Siam, whence the range
extends into the Malay Peninsula.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Differs very slightly, if at all, from the Sumatran T. j.
iiapu ; in the original description comparison was made with
one of the Ehio Linga races, instead of the true napu.

No specimen in collection.

D. Tragulus javanicus borneanus.

Tragulus borneanus, Miller, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xv,
p. 174, 1902 ; Lyon, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxiii, p. 550, 1907.

Tragulus javanicus borneanus, Bonhote, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 7,
vol. xi, p. 296, 1903.

Tragulus napu borneanus, Lyon, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xl, p. 64,
1911.



TKACiULlD.E 271

Typical locality British North Borneo.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Closely allied to T. j. napii, but slightly smaller, with
the throat-markings a little darker, and the light gorget
rather wider. Specimens from the neighbouring Pulo Laut
are slightly inferior in size to those from the mainland.

90. 12. 15. 3 (1980, b). Skull and skin, female. Sarawak,
N. Borneo. Presented ly Dr. G. D. Haviland, 1890.

92. 2. 8. 6. Skin. Baram, Sarawak ; collected by A. H.
Everett, Esq. Purchased, 1892.

94. 6. 8. 3. Skin, female. Bongon, N. Borneo; same
collector. Purchased, 1894.

0. 8. 4. 1. Skull and skin, young. Baram.

Presented ly Dr. C. Hose, 1900.

10. 4. 5. 119. Skull and skin; the latter mounted.
Poeroek Jihoe, Barito Valley, S. Central Borneo ; * collected
by G. C. Shortridge, Esq. Presented ly 0. Thomas, Esq., 1910.

10. 4. 5. 120. Skull and skin. Same locality and
collector. Same history.

10. 4. 5. 121. Skull and skin. Same locality and
collector. Same history.

10. 4. 5. 122. Skull and skin, female. Same locality
and collector. Same history.

10. 4. 5. 123. Skull and skin. Same locality and
collector. Same history.

10. 4. 5. 124. Skull and skin, female. Same locality
and collector. Same history.

10. 4. 5. 125. Skull and skin, female. Same locality
and collector. Same history.

10. 4. 5. 126. Skull and skin, young female. Same
locality and collector. Same history.

10. 4. 5. 127. Skull and skin, young female. Same
locality and collector. Same history.

10. 4. 5. 129. Skull and skin. Same locality and
collector. Same history.

10. 4. 5. 130. Skin. Same locality and collector.

Same histwy.

" The reference of the specimens from this locality to the present
race is provisional.



272 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES



E. Tragulus javanicus nigrieans.

Tragulus nigricans, Thomas, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 6, vol. ix,
p. 254, 1892;'Nehring, Sitzber. Ges. nat. Freunde, 1894, p. 223 ;
Hollister, Philippine Journ. Sci. sect. D, vol. vii, p. 39, 1912.

Tragulus javanicus nigrieans, Bonhote, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 7,
vol. xi, p. 296, 1903.

Muntiacus nigrieans, Allen, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. vol. xxviii,
p. 13, 1916, errorim.

Typical locality Balabac, Philippines.
Size and colour-plan very similar to T. j. napu, but upper-
parts strongly washed with black, the hairs being white at
base, orange in middle, and black at tip ; white throat-
stripes, when present, very narrow and sharply defined, with
an arrangement recalling that obtaining in T. stanleyanus,
there being a dark area between them and the white on the
under side of the lower jaw.

Typical (and only) locality Balabac Island, Philippines.
91. 11. 28. 2. Skull and skin, young. Balabac ; collected
by the Steere Expedition, 1887-88. Type. Purchased, 1891.
94. 2. 1. 16. Skull and skin. Balabac.

Pur chased, 1894.

94. 6. 8. 4. Skull and skin. Balabac; collected by
A. H. Everett, Esq. The throat-markings are obsolete.

Purchased, 1894.
94. 7. 2. 45. Skin, young. Balabac ; same collector.

Same history.

F. Tragulus javanicus terutus.

Tragulus canescens terutus, Thomas and Wroughton, Ann. Mag. Nat.
Hist. ser. 8, vol. iv, p. 536, 1909.

Typical locality Terutau Island, Straits of Malacca.

Smaller than, but otherwise similar to, T. j. canescetvs ;
the dark on the nape distinctive of T. j. unibrinus is
wanting.

9. 11. 1. 159. Skull and skin. Terutau Island ; collected

by H. C. Eobinson, Esq. Type. Presented ly the

Government of the Federated Malay States, 1909.

9. 11. 1. 160. Skull and skin, immature. Same locality
and collector. Same history.



TRA<;rLIl>.i: 273

9. 11. 1. 161. Skull and skin. Same locality and
collector. Same history.

9. 11. 1. 162. Skull and skin, immature. Same locality
and collector. Same history.

9. 11. 1. 163. Skull and skin of a rather younger animal
than the last. Same locality and collector. Same history.

9. 11. 1. 164. Skull and skin, subadult female. Same
locality and collector. Same history.

9. 11. 1. 165. Skull and skin, immature female. Same
locality and collector. Same history.

G. Tragfulus javanicus umbrinus.

Tragulus umbrinus, Miller, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xiii,

p. 191, 1900.
Tragulus javanicus umbrinus, Bonhote, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 7,

vol. xi, p. 296, 1903.

Typical locality Pulo Lankawi, Straits of Malacca.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Generally similar to T. j. canescens, but smaller and much
darker, with the throat-stripes blackish brown and almost
devoid of pale speckling, and the under-parts strongly
tinged with fulvous grey. General colour deeper and brighter
orange-buff than in T. j. canescens, and the blackish clouding
much in excess of buff; sides and flanks darker than in the
latter owing to the greater admixture of brown ; entire nape
and sides of neck blackish seal-brown ; lateral dark throat -
stripes of the latter colour, with scarcely any buff speckling.

9. 11. 1. 166. Skull and skin, female. Lankawi Island;

collected by H. C. Robinson, Esq. Presented ly the

Government of the Federated Malay States, 1909.

H. Tragfulus javanicus pretiosus.

Tragulus pretiosus, Miller, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1902,
p. 144, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxi, p. 253, 1906, vol. xxxvii,
p. 6, pi. ii, fig. 1, 1909.

Tragulus javanicus pretiosus, Bonhote, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 7,
vol. xi, p. 296, 1903.

Typical (and only) locality Linga Island, Ehio Linga
Group.

IV. T



274 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Colour richer and yellower than in T. j. napu ; black
clouding on back slightly in excess of ground-colour ; a
well-defined narrow blackish nuchal stripe; dark throat-
markings a mixture of black and dull ochery rufous, white
ones normal ; total length about 22^ inches (566 mm.). For
other dimensions, see p. 294.

No specimen in collection.

L Tragulus javanicus pretiellus.

Tragulus pretiellus, Miller, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxi, p. 253,

1906, vol. xxxvii, p. 6, 1909.
Tragulus pretiellus pretiellus, Miller, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington,

vol. xxiv, p. 165, 1911.

Typical (and only) locality Pulo Bakong, Ehio Linga
Group.

Type in U.S. National Museum.

Smaller than T. j. pretiosus, with relatively larger cheek-
teeth ; otherwise similar ; brighter coloured than T. j. lutescens
(infra) ; total length about 20 inches (501 mm.). For other
dimensions, see p. 294.

No specimen in collection.



J. Tragulus javanicus parallelus.

Tragulus pretiellus parallelus, Miller, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington,
vol. xxiv, p. 165, 1911.

Typical locality Pulo Sebang, Rhio Linga Group.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Very close to T. j. pretielhis, but with less suffusion of
black on upper-parts, and less tinge of huffish on middle
portion of under-parts, where there is no greyish grizzle,
owing to absence of black tips to hairs.

No specimen in collection.

Here it may be mentioned that Tragulus formosus and
T. perflavus, from the Ehio Linga Group, were originally
regarded as members of the present species, more or less
nearly related to T. j. pretiosus, but are now classed as races
of T. stanleyanus (supra, pp. 266-67).



TRAGULID.-K 275



K. Tragulus javanicus lutescens.

Tragulus lutescens, Miller, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xvi,
p. 32, 1903, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxi, p. 251, 1906,
vol. xxxvii, p. 6. 1909.

Tragulus javanicus lutescens, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 688,
1904.

Pulo Sugi Bawa, Khio Linga Group ; also occurs in
Pulo Jan.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

About the size of T. j. pretiellus, with well-defined black
nuchal stripe ; general colour paler than in preceding races,
on back orange-buff clouded with blackish brown, the latter
not in excess of former tint; on flanks the buff fading,
through straw-yellow to cream ; dark throat-markings heavily
shaded with black. For dimensions, see p. 294.

No specimen in collection.



L. Tragulus javanieus flavieollis.

Tragulus flavieollis, Miller, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xvi,
p. 33, 1903, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxi, p. 251, 1906,
vol. xxxvii, p. 7, 1909.

Tragulus javanicus flavieollis, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 688,
1904.

Typical (and only) locality Pulo Sugi, Khio Linga Group.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Closely related to preceding race, but yellower, without
a dark nuchal stripe, and the dark throat-markings only
faintly shaded with black ; general colour essentially as in
T. j. lutescens, but the tawny element more decidedly yellow,
especially on cheeks and neck ; size probably larger.

No specimen in collection.



M. Trag-ulus javanicus bancanus.

Tragulus bancanus Lyon, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxi, p. 576,
1906.

Typical locality Banka Island, east of Sumatra.
Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

T 2



276 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

Closely related to T. j. napu, but brighter in colour,
with a rather smaller skull.
No specimen in collection.

N. Tragulus javanicus nigrieollis.

Tragulus nigrieollis, Miller, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1902,
p. 145, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxi, p. 253, 1906, vol. xxxvii,
p. 7, pi. iii, fig. 1, 1909.

Tragulus javanicus nigrieollis, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl.
p. 688, 1904.

Typical (and only) locality Pulo Sinkep, Ehio Linga
Group.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Generally similar to T. j. pretiosus, but slightly larger,
and ground-colour more clouded with black ; flanks light
buff, as in T. j. lutescens ; throat-markings normal, the dark
ones black, faintly speckled with brown, like sides of neck;
total length about 22J inches (566 mm.). For other
dimensions, see p. 294.

No specimen in collection.



0. Tragulus javanicus nigroeinctus.

Tragulus nigroeinctus, Miller, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxi, p. 250,
1906, vol. xxxvii, pi. 7, pi. iii, fig. 2, 1909.

Typical locality Pulu Kundur, Ehio Linga Group ; also
occurs on Pulu Karimon.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

General colour much as in T. j. pretiosus, but the black
clouding due to the hair-tips so strongly developed as
almost completely to obscure the ground-colour on back ;
neck and throat black, the latter without markings ; no
white on under-parts ; tail, unlike that of all the other Ehio
Linga races, yellow below; total length about 19| inches
(502 mm.). This race differs from T. j. annce (p. 279) by
the shorter ears (length about 30 mm. against 37 to 38 mm.),
the marked contrast in colour between neck and back, and
^the presence of a faint eyebrow-stripe in the lighter-coloured
individuals.



277



9. 4. 1. 476. Skull and skin. Pulo Karimon, Rhio
Linga Group ; collected by H. C. Robinson, Esq. Presented
by the Government of the Federated Malay States, 1909.
9. 4. 1. 477. Skull and skin. Same locality and

Same history.

Skull and skin. Pulo Kundur; same

Same history.
Skull and skin.



collector.

9. 4. 1. 478.
collector.

9. 4. 1. 479.
collector.

9. 4. 1
collector.

9. 4. 1
collector.

9. 4. 1. 482.
and collector.



480. Skull and skin.

481. Skull and skin.



Same locality and
Same history.
Same locality and
Same history.
Same locality and
Same history.

Skull and skin, female. Same locality

Same history.

9. 4. 1. 483. Skull and skin, female. Same locality
and collector. Same history.



P. Tragrulus javanicus sebucus.

Tragulus sebucus, Lyon, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xl, p. 64, 1911.

Typical locality Pulo Sebuko, off south-eastern Borneo.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Similar in size and general colouring to T. j. pretiellus,
but blacker above, and the hindmost pair of dark throat-
markings almost clear blackish, instead of mingled blackish
and ochery. Compared with T. j. nigricans (p. 271) the
present race is smaller, with a less distinct nuchal stripe,
and a considerable difference in the throat-markings. Basal
length of skull 90 to 94 mm.

No specimen in collection.



Q. Tragrulus javanicus billitonus.

Tragulus napu, melanistic variety, Jentirik, Notes Leyden Mus.

vol. xiii, p. 209, 1891; Willirik, NaturJc. Tijdschr. Ned.-Ind.

vol. xlv, p. 198, 1905.
Tragulus billitonus, Lyon, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxi, p. 578, 1906.

Typical locality Billiton Island, east of Sumatra.
Nearly related to T. j. pretiellus and T. j. umlrinus, but



CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

darker and duller in colour than former, and lacking the
bright tint on flanks, neck, and head, and less dark than
latter, with a well-defined nuchal stripe instead of a diffused
dark colour all over neck.
No specimen in collection.

R. Tragfulus javanieus amoenus.

Tragulus amoenus, Miller, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxvi, p. 439, 1903.
Tragulus javanieus amcenus, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 689,
1904.

Typical locality Pulo Mansalar, off Sumatra.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

A yellowish, dark-necked race, approximating to T. j.
niyricollis, but smaller and more richly coloured, with
normal throat-markings, in which the dark stripes are
blackish. General colour orange ochery, darkening towards
ochery rufous on legs, and fading to yellow-buff on flanks,
with a black suffusion produced by black hair- tips. Basal
length of skull 101 to 108 mm.

No specimen in collection.

S. Trag-ulus javanieus jugularis.

Tragulus jugularis, Miller, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxvi, p. 440, 1903.
Tragulus javanieus jugularis, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm,, Suppl. p. 689,
1904.

Typical locality Pulo Mansalar, off' Sumatra.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Size much the same as in T. j. amcenus; no white
anywhere, that portion of the chin which is white in other



Online LibraryBritish Museum (Natural History). Dept. of ZoologyCatalogue of the ungulate mammals in the British Museum (Natural History) (Volume 4) → online text (page 22 of 36)