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Catalogue of the ungulate mammals in the British Museum (Natural History) (Volume 4) online

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races being coloured like the cheeks, while the light throat -
stripes are indicated only by a stronger grizzling of tawny
ochery amid the black; in other respects the general
colouring, except on under-parts, inner sides of legs, and
lower surface of tail, very nearly as in T. j. amcenus, but
the neck less speckled with tawny ochery, and cheeks and
eyebrow-stripes rather more suffused with black.

No specimen in collection



TUAGULID^E 279



T. Tragulus javanicus annae.

Tragulus annae, Matschie, Sitzber. Ges. nat. Freunde, 1897, p. 157 ;

Miller, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxi, p. 250, 1906.
Tragulus javanicus annse, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Sup-pi, p. 689, 1904.

Typical locality unknown.

Type in Berlin Museum.

A small race, with dark chestnut-brown upper-parts,
suffused with blackish, due to the black-tipped hairs; neck
deep blackish brown, without light bands on fore part, or on
anterior part of breast ; flanks dirty light brown ; under-
parts rusty grey, with a narrow blackish brown median
stripe.

No specimen in collection.

U. Tragulus javanicus bunguranensis.

Tragulus bunguranensis, Miller, Proc. Washington Ac. Sci. vol. iii,

p. 113, 1901.
Tragulus javanicus bunguranensis, Bonhote, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist.

ser. 7, vol. xi, p. 296, 1903.

Typical locality Bunguran Island, China Sea.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Colour-pattern essentially as in T. j. nigricans, but size
greater and equal that of T. j. canescens ; general colour
uniform ochery, fading to buff on flanks, with the bases of
the hairs grey, and both back and flanks distinctly but not
excessively darkened by the black hair- tips ; throat-markings
as in T. j. nigricans, but white stripes apparently even more
restricted.* Teeth uniformly larger than those of last-
named race.

No specimen in collection.

V. Tragulus javanicus batuanus.

Tragulus batuanus, Miller, Smithson. Misc. Collect, vol. xlv, p. 2, 1903.
Tragulus javanicus ratuanus, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 689,
1904, errorim.

Typical locality Batu Island, off Sumatra.
Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

* For further details reference may be made to original description.



280 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

A large race (basicranial length 102-105 mm.), with
wholly black neck and throat-stripes, and the black of the
neck extending forwards over the face and cheeks to a
greater degree than in any races except T. j. annce, T. j.
jugular is, and T. j. lunguranensis, from all of which the
present form is distinguished by the normal pattern of the
throat -markings ; general colour ochery with a deep shading
due to the black hair- tips, neither colour distinctly in excess ;
on flanks the ochery fading to buff, and the black suffusion
rather less pronounced than on back.

No specimen in collection.

W. Tragrulus javanicus versieolor.

Tragulus versieolor, Thomas, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 8, vol. v,
p. 535, 1910.

Typical locality Nhatrang, Annam.

A medium-sized chevrotain distinguishable from other
members of the genus by the marked contrast between the
colouring of the fore and hind halves of the body, the former
being fulvous and the latter grey. Although much smaller
than is usual in T. javanicus, it seems to be a member of the
present group since it has the coarse coat of T. j. napu, and
cheek-teeth of nearly the same size. In point of size this
chevrotain exceeds but little the members of the T. kanchil
group, which is represented in Annam by T. k. affinis
(p. 286). Basal length of skull 95 mm.

6. 11. 6. 38. Skull and skin. Nhatrang, Annam;
collected by Dr. J. Vassal. Type. Purchased, 1906.

6. 11. 6. 39. Skull and skin. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

10. 3. 10. 6-7. Two skins. Same locality and collector.

Purchased, 1910.



IV. TKAGULUS KANCHIL.

Moschus javanicus, Gmelin, Linn.'s Syst. Nat. vol. i, p. 174, 1788;

nee OsbecTf,, 1765.
Moschus kanchil, Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xiii, p. 262, 1822 ;

Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1836, p. 64 ; Jentirik, Notes Leyden Mus.

vol. v, p. 181, 1883.



281

Tragulus kanchil, Gray, List Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 173, 1843;
Cantor, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, vol. xv, p. 268, 1846 ; Blytli,
ibid. vol. xxvii, p. 276, 1859, Cat. Mamm. Mus. Asiat. Soc.
Bengal, p. 15, 1863, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1864, p. 483, Mamm. and
Birds Burma, p. 44, 1875 ; Milne-Edwards, Ann. Sci. Nat.,
Zool. ser. 5, vol. ii, pp. Ill and 159, pi. ix, 1864 ; Thomas, Proc.
Zool. Soc. 1886, pp. 72 and 79 ; JentinJc and Biittikofer, Notes
Leyden Mus. vol. xix, p. 64, 1897 ; W. L. Sclater, Cat. Mamm.
Ind. Mus. pt. ii, p. 189, 1891 ; Bonhote, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist.
ser. 7, vol. xi, p. 296, 1902 ; Stone and Eehn, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci.
Philadelphia, 1902, p. 128 ; Schneider, Zool. Jahrb., Syst.
vol. xxiii, p. 133, 1905 ; Miller, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxvi,
p. 442, 1903, vol. xxxi,p. 56, 1906; Lyon, ibid. vol. xxxiv, p. 628,
1908.

Tragulus pygmaeus (ex Moschus pygmseus, Erxleben), Gray, Cat.
Ungulata Brit. Mus. p. 250, 1852, Cat. Ruminants Brit. Mus.
p. 99, 1872 (kanchil).

Tragulus javanicus, Milne-Edwards, Ann. Sci. Nat., Zool. ser. 5,
vol. ii, pp. 103 and 157, pi. ii, fig. 1, 1864; Blyth, Proc. Zool.
Soc. 1864, p. 483 ; Flower and Garson, Cat. Osteol. Mus. E. Coll.
Surg. pt. ii, p. 326, 1884 ; Thomas, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1891, p. 385 ;
Blanford, Fauna Brit. India, Mamm. p. 556, 1891 ; Floiver and
Lydekker, Study of Mammals, p. 305, 1891 ; Thomas and Hartert,
Novit. Zool. vol. ii, p. 492, 1895 ; Lydekker, Great and Small
Game of India, etc. p. 257, 1900, Game Animals of India, etc.
p. 276, 1907 ; Miller, Proc. Washington Ac. Sci. vol. iii, p. 115,
1901.

Typical locality Sumatra.

Size relatively small, basal skull-length about 3| inches
(85 mm.) ; a naked glandular area on lower surface of chin
and upper part of throat; tarsus bare behind, and carpus
almost so ; tail relatively long ; typically the general colour
brown, tending more or less to rufous ; back in old individuals
nearly black, but always more or less mixed with rufous or
yellow, from some of the hairs having a yellow ring near the
end ; sides paler ; nape and upper surface of neck almost or
quite black, contrasting with the light brown of sides ;
under-parts white, variously mixed with light rufous and
usually with a median narrow brown or rufous line through-
out the breast, in front of this a brown cross-band and on
fore part of neck an arrowhead-like brown mark, sometimes
incomplete, with three white stripes, one median, within the
arrow-head, the other two diverging, one on each side,
outside of it, the last two joining on throat; rump rufous,
insides of thighs and intermediate space white ; tail rufous-
brown above, white below,



282 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

Distribution very similar to that of the preceding species,
but including Cambodia and Cochin China.



A. Tragulus kanchil kanchil.

Tragulus kanchil kanchil, Lyon, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxiv,
p. 628, 1908.

*

Typical locality Sumatra.

General characters those of the species.

1361, a. Skeleton, female, mounted. Sumatra.

Purchased ( Warvnck).

79. 6. 28. 19. Two skins. Pajo, Sumatra; collected by
Herr Karl Bock. Purchased, 1879.



B. Trag-ulus kanchil longlpes.

Tragulus kanchil longipes, Lyon, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxiv,
p. 628, 1908, vol. xl, p. 66, 1911.

Typical locality, Little Siak Valley, eastern Sumatra.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Distinguished from typical race by greater length of
hind-foot, which ranges from 131 to 145 mm. against from
114 to 128 mm. in the former.

Whether such slight differences as distinguish this and
the next form from the typical race are worthy of recognition,
is very questionable.

No specimen in collection.



C. Tragulus kanchil luteicollis.

Tragulus kanchil, JentinJc, Notes Leyden Mus. vol. xiii, p. 209, 1891.
Tragulus luteicollis, Lyon, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxi, p. 579,
1906.

Typical locality Banka Island, east of Sumatra.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Distinguished from typical race by slightly larger size
(basal skull-length 85-91 mm., against 84-83 mm.), generally
duller colour, especially on sides of head and neck, and less
black on upper-parts. General colour mixed dull ochery or



TRAGULID^: 283

orange-buff and black, but nuchal stripe almost wholly black
flanks with less black, and the ochery buff paler.
No specimen in collection.

D. Tragrulus kanchil subrufus.

Tragulus subrufus, Miller, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xvi,
p. 39, 1893, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxi, p. 254, 1906.

Tragulus kanchil subrufus, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 690,
1904.

Typical locality Sinkep Island, Ehio Linga Group ; also
found on Linga Island.

Very similar to typical race, but general colour slightly
more yellow, and uuder-parts much more strongly suffused
with fulvous ; ground colour orange-buff, slightly more
yellow than that of T. k. kanchil, but less bright than in
T. h. natunce.

For dimensions, see p. 294.

No specimen in collection.

E, Trag-ulus kanchil rubeus.

Tragulus rubeus, Miller, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xvi, p. 40,
1903, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxi, p. 254, 1906.

Tragulus kanchil rubeus, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 690,
1904 ; Thomas and Wroughton, Journ. Malay Mus. vol. iv, p. 128,
1910.

Typical locality Pulo Bintang, Ehio Linga Group.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Similar to T. k. subrufus, but brighter coloured, and with
rather larger skull and cheek-teeth.

For dimensions, see p. 294.

9. 4. 1. 502. Skull and skin, female. Pulo Bintang ;

collected by H. C. Robinson, Esq. Presented ly

the Government of the Federated Malay States, 1909.

9. 4. 1. 503. Skull and skin, female. Same locality and
collector. Same history.

9. 4. 1. 504. Skull and skin, female. Same locality and
collector, Same history.



283: CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES



F. Tragulus kanchil fulvieollis.

Tragulus fulvieollis, Lyon, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxiv, p. 650,
1908.

Typical locality Pulo Bengkalis, off Sumatra.
Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.
Distinguished from typical T. kanchil by its larger size
and lighter colour.

No specimen in collection.



G. Trag-ulus kanchil earimatae.

Tragulus carimatae, Miller, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxi, p. 55,
1906 ; Lyon, ibid. vol. xl, p. 67, 1911.

Typical locality Karimata Island, between Borneo and
Billiton ; the range also including Pulo Panebangan.

Distinguished from typical race by the slightly larger and
broader skull, and the distinctly stouter cheek-teeth. There
is a tendency to a stronger suffusion of buff on the under-
parts and to the more pronounced development of the nuchal
stripe.

No specimen in collection.



H. Trag-ulus kanchil brevipes.

Tragulus brevipes, Miller, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxvi, p. 443,

1903.
Tragulus kanchil brevipes, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 689,

1904.

Typical locality Pulo Bangkaru, near Sumatra.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Differs from typical race by the much shorter ears and
feet, the paler colouring, and the slender muzzle of skull ;
general colour a fine grizzle of black and light orange- buff,
with the former tint somewhat predominating ; flanks huffish
yellow slightly suffused with black ; outer sides of legs
bright orange-buff; nuchal stripe clear black, contrasting
with the slightly grizzled dull orange-buff of sides of neck ;



285

throat-markings normal, the brown stripes strongly grizzled,
darker than sides of neck, and confluent in front. The
small feet and pale colouring approximate to T. k. pallidus,
which is, however, still paler, with a short and stout muzzle
to skull.

No specimen in collection.



I. Tragulus kanchil pallidus.

Tragulus pallidus, Miller, Proc. Washington Ac. Sci. vol. iii, p. 116,
1901.

Tragulus kanchil pallidus, Bonhote, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 7,
vol. xi, p. 296, 1903.

Typical locality Pulo Laut, S. China Sea.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Smaller and paler than typical race, with the black
clouding of upper-parts inconspicuous, but the dark nuchal
stripe well defined ; general colour light ochery buff, faintly
clouded by the black hair-tips, and more strongly so on mid-
dorsal line and across loins.

No specimen in collection.



J. Tragulus kanchil fulviventer.

Tragulus fulviventer, Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1836, p. 65, Cat. Rumi-
nants Brit. Mus. p. 98, 1872 (partim), Hand-List Ruminants
Brit. Mus. p. 168, 1873 (partim) ; Stone and Rehn, Proc. Ac.
Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1902, p. 131; Miller, Proc. U.S. Nat.
Mus. vol. xxvi, p. 445, 1903.

Tragulus kanchil fulviventer, Bonhote, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 7.
vol. xi, pp. 292 and 296, 1903 ; Thomas and Wroughton, Journ.
Malay Mus. vol. iv, p. 128, 1810.

Typical locality apparently Singapore.

Much smaller than typical race, with the under-parts
suffused with fulvous ochery, the brown throat-markings
relatively deep in colour, with a rufous transverse stripe
under the throat at the apex of the triangular patterned area,
connecting the colour at either side of neck, and the white
stripes strongly developed ; skull intermediate between that
of T. k. hosei and that of T. k. affinis.



286 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

52, a. Skull and skin. Singapore (?).*

Bequeathed ~by Gen. T. Hardwicke, 1835.

53, a. Skull and skin. Singapore (?).* Type.

Same history.

53, b. Skin, immature. Singapore (?).* Same history.
85. 8. 1. 363. Skin, female, mounted. Singapore;
collected by W. Davison, Esq.

Presented ly A. 0. Hume, Esq., C.B., 1885.
85. 8. 1. 364. Skin, young. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

9. 4. 1. 500. Skull and skin. Changi, Singapore ; collected

by H. C. Eobinson, Esq. Presented ly

the Government of the Federated Malay States, 1909.

9. 4. 1. 501. Skull and skin, female. Same locality and

collector. Same history.

K. Tragrulus kanchil affinis.

Tragulus affinis, Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1861, see also Hand-List
Ruminants Brit. Mus. p. 169, 1873, where this form is included
under the heading of T. fulviventer.

(?) Tragulus ravus, Miller, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xv,
p. 163, 1902, vol. xvi, p. 41, 1903.

Tragulus kanchil affinis, Bonhote, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 7, vol. xi,
pp. 293 and 296, 1903, Fascic. Malay, vol. i, p. 42, 1903 ; Thomas,
Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 8, vol. v, p. 536, 1910.-

Typical locality probably the northern part of the Malay
Peninsula or Tenasserim (not, as stated by Gray, Singapore).

T. ravus, from Trong, Lower Siam, was identified with
this race by Bonhote, who stated that specimens from the
Malay Peninsula were inseparable from the type of T. affinis.
Thomas has, however, suggested that the latter may be a
more southern type, in which case ramis will have to stand
for the northern form.

Slightly smaller and paler than T. k. fulviventer, without
the transverse rufous stripe ; skull with the auditory bull3
smaller and less inflated than in T. k. hosei (p. 298), in
which the whole skull is smaller.

38. 7. 13. 2 (853, c). Skin, immature. Malay Peninsula (?).

Purchased (Stevens), 1838.

* Not Java, as originally stated.



TRAGULin.i: 287

38. 8. ]. 13 (853, i). Skin, female. Malay Peninsula.

Type. Purchased (Sotherby), 1838.

79. 11. 21. 244. Skin, female. Malay Peninsula ; collected

by Dr. J. Cantor. Transferred from India Museum, 1879.

85. 8. 1. 355. Skull and skin. Bankachon, southern

Tenasserim ; collected by W. Davison, Esq.

Presented by A. 0. Hume, Esq., C.B., 1885.
85. 8. 1. 356. Skull and skin. Same locality and collector.

Same history.
85. 8. 1. 357. Skin. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

85. 8. 1. 358. Skull and skin. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

85. 8. 1. 361. Skull and skin. Salanga Island, off Malay

Peninsula ; same collector. Same history.

85. 8. 1. 362. Skull and skin. Taroa, Malay Peninsula ;

same collector. Same history.

3. 2. 6. 79. Skull and skin, female. Biserak, Jalor,

Malay Peninsula. Presented by ff. C. Eolinson, Esq., 1903.

3. 2. 6. 80. Skull and skin, female. Same locality.

Same history.

4. 4. 7. 7. Skull and skin. Siracha, Siam. Practically
a topo-type of T. ravus. Presented by T. H. Lyle, Esq., 1904.

6. 10. 4. 44. Skull and skin, female. Kuala Tembeling,

Pahang, Malay Peninsula ; collected by H. C. Eobinson, Esq.

Presented by the Government of the Federated

Malay States, 1906.

6. 11. 6. 40. Skull and skin. Nhatrang, Annam ; collected
by Dr. J. Vassal. ' Purchased, 1906.

8. 3. 9. 22. Skin. Near Moulmein, Tenasserim.

Presented by Mrs. W. T. Blanford, 1908.

14. 12. 8. 231. Skull and skin. Bankachon, southern

Tenasserim. Presented by

the Bombay Natural History Society, 1914.

14. 12. 8. 232. Skull and skin. Same locality.

Same history.
14. 12. 8. 233. Skull and skin. Same locality.

Same history.
14. 12. 8. 234. Skull and skin. Same locality.

Same history.



288 CATALOGUE OF UNGULA.TES

14. 12. 8. 235. Skull and skin, female. Same locality.

Same history.

14. 12. 8. 236. Skull and skin, female. Same locality.
Same history.

14. 12. 8. 237. Skull and skin, female. Same locality.

Same history.

L. Tragnlus kanchil ravulus.

Tragulus ravulus, Miller, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xvi,p. 41,

1903.
Tragulus kanchil ravulus, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 689,

1904.

Typical locality Pulo Adang, Butang Group, off Malay
Peninsula.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Similar to T. Jc. affinis (ravus), but smaller, with the neck
paler and the nuchal stripe less pronounced.

No specimen in collection.

M. Tragulus kanchil lancavensis.

Tragulus lancavensis, Miller, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xvi,

p. 41, 1903.
Tragulus kanchil lancavensis, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 690,

1904.

Typical locality Pulo Langkawi, Straits of Maladoa.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Similar to T. k. affinis (ravus), hut general colour slightly
more yellow, and under-parts strongly suffused with orange-
buff ; upper-parts bright ochery buff, with a yellow tinge.

9. 11. 1. 167. Skull and skin. Pulo Langkawi ; collected

by H. C. Eobinson, Esq. Presented by

the Government of the Federated Malay States, 1909.

9. 11. 1. 168. Skull and skin, female. Same locality and
collector. Same history.

9. 11. 1. 169. Skull and skin, female. Same locality and
collector. Same history.

N. Trag-ulus kanchil lampensis.

Tragulus lampensis, Miller, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xvi,

p. 42, 1903.
Tragulus kanchil lampensis, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 690,

1904.



TRAGULID^E 289

Typical locality Pulo Lampi, Mergui Archipelago.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Similar to T. k. lancavensis, but general colour much
more yellow, and under-parts strongly suffused with brig-lit
orange-buff.

No specimen in collection.

0. Trag-ulus kanehil russeus.

Tragulus russeus, Miller, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xvi, p. 444, 1903.
Tragulus kanehil russeus, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 689, 1904.

Typical locality Pulo Tuangku, Banjak Group, off N.W.
Sumatra.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Generally similar, both in size and colouring to T. k.
fulviventcr, but the brown throat-stripes less dark, and the
light ones frequently nearly obsolete, and in some cases
wanting; general colour orange-ochery, somewhat paler on
flanks, and darkening to raw-sienna on neck and outer sides
of legs; back with a black suffusion (due to hair-tips),
predominating over the ochery, and deepening on shoulders
into a clear black nuchal stripe; on neck and flanks the
suffusion much less and disappearing on lower part of latter,
where the colour passes into the raw sienna of the legs and
the pale orange-ochery suffusing the under-parts ; region
usually occupied by white throat- stripes with a peculiar
mottled appearance due to the white being mostly replaced
by clear orange-ochery, not contrasting strongly with gorget
and dark stripes, both of which are distinctly grizzled, like
sides of neck,

No specimen in collection.

P. Trag-ulus kanehil russulus.

Tragulus russulus, Miller, Smithson. Misc. Collect, vol. xlv, p. 3,

1903.
Tragulus kanehil russulus, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 689

1904.

Typical locality Batu Island, near Sumatra.
Near akin to T. k. riisseus, but the general colour less
dark, a less extensive yellowish suffusion on under-parts,
iv. u



290 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

and throat-markings invariably normal in pattern; skull
and teeth rather smaller than in T. k. russeus ; general colour
rather dark orange-ochery ; neck and limbs brighter than
body, dark clouding on back only slightly developed, but
deepening anteriorly into a faintly grizzled black nuchal stripe.
No specimen in collection.

Q. Trag-ulus kanchil hosei.

Tragulus kanchil hosei, Bonhote, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 7, vol. xi,

p. 293, 1903.
Tragulus virgicollis, Miller, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xvi,

p. 37, 1903.
Tragulus kanchil virgicollis, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 690,

1904.
Tragulus hosei, Lyon, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxiii, p. 549, 1907.

Typical locality Baram Valley, Sarawak, Borneo.

Distinguished from T. k. fulviventer by its superior size,
rather paler colouring, and absence of orange throat-band ;
general colour black strongly grizzled with rufous, which
becomes yellower and predominant on flanks; skull (basal
length 86 mm.) with very large and much inflated auditory
bullse, but otherwise very similar to that of T. k. affinis,
although larger.

79. 5. 23. 3. Skull and skin. Sarawak; collected by
A. H. Everett, Esq. Purchased (Gerrard), 1879.

79. 5. 23. 7. Skeleton, female, mounted. Same locality
and collector. Same history.

79. 5. 23. 8. Skeleton, female. Same locality and
collector. Same history.

0. 8. 4. 10. Skull and skin, female. Baram Valley.
Type. Presented ly Dr. C. Hose, 1900.

8. 7. 17. 21. Skull and skin, female. Borneo; collected
by Dr. C. Hose.

Presented ly the British North Borneo Co., 1908.

8.7.17.22. Skull and skin. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

8. 7. 17. 23. Skull and skin. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

10. 4. 5. 128. Skull and skin. Moera Island, Barito
Eiver, south-central Borneo; collected by G. C. Shorfcridge,
Esq. Presented ly 0. Thomas, Esq., 1910.



R. Tragulus kanchil everetti.

Tragulus kanchil everetti, Bonhote, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 7, vol. xi,

p. 295, 1903.
Tragulus natunte, Miller, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xvi, p. 88,

1903.
Tragulus kanchil natunse, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 690, 1904.

Typical locality Bunguran Island, Natuna Group.

Generally similar to T. k. liosei, but rather smaller, and
richer in colour, the flanks being rufous instead of deep
buff; skull rather smaller (basal length 83 mm.), with larger
cheek-teeth, much smaller auditory bulla3, and the pre-
maxillse continuing of the same width for some distance in
advance of nasals, and then bending sharply downwards,
instead of sloping gradually downwards as in T. k. affinis,
or narrowing abruptly as in T. k. Jwsei.

Miller described his T. natunce as similar to typical race
but smaller and yellower, the ground-colour of the back
being bright tawny ochre instead of yellowish buff, and the
black clouding not in excess of the lighter colour.

94. 9. 28. 21. Skull and skin, female. Bunguran Island ;
collected (October) by A. H. Everett, Esq. Type.

Purchased, 1894,

S. Tragulus kanchil pierrei.

Tragulus kanchil pierrei, Bonhote, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. ?
vol. xi, p. 293, 1903.

Typical locality Bien Hoa, lower Cochin China.
Nearly related to T. k. affinis, with which it agrees in
size, but general colour of a uniform dull yellowish brown,
without any admixture of black ; this sufficing to distinguish
it from all other races described up to April, 1903. Basal
length of skull 76 mm.

61. 4. 12. 6. Young skin, mounted. Cambodia ; collected

by Monsieur Mohot, 1859. Purchased, 1861.

61. 4. 12. 7. Skin, mounted. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

61. 4. 12. 20 (853, /). Skull. Pachebone, Cambodia;

same collector. Same history.

78. 6. 17. 18. Skull and skin. Bien Hoa, lower Cochin

China. Type. Presented ~by Monsieur Pierre, 1878,

u 2



292 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES



T. Trag-ulus kanchil pelandoc.

Moschus javanicus, Gmelin, Linn.'s Syst. Nat. vol. i, p. 174, 1788 ;

nee Cervus javanicus, Osbeck.
Moschus pelandoc, H. Smith, Griffith's Animal Kingdom, vol. iv,

p. 66, 1827.
Tragulus pelandoc, Blyth, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, vol. xxvii,

p. 277, 1858 ; Stone and Rehn, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia,



Online LibraryBritish Museum (Natural History). Dept. of ZoologyCatalogue of the ungulate mammals in the British Museum (Natural History) (Volume 4) → online text (page 23 of 36)