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Catalogue of the ungulate mammals in the British Museum (Natural History) (Volume 4) online

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vol. xliv, pi. ii, 1875, Mamm. and Birds Burma, p. 43, 1875 ;
Flower and Garson, Cat. Osteol. Mus. R. Coll. Surg. pt. ii,
p. 345, 1884 ; Murray, Zool. ofSind, p. 54, 1884 ; W. L. Sclater,
Cat. Mamm. Ind. Mus. pt. ii, p. 193, 1891 ; Blanford, Fauna
Brit. India, Mamm. p. 560, 1891 ; Flower and Lydekker, Study
of Mammals, p. 283, 1891 ; Lydekker, Horns and Hoofs, p. 354,
1893, Great and Small Game of India, p. 258, 1900, Game
Animals of India, p. 277, 1907 ; Flower, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1900,
p. 375 ; Wroughton, Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. vol. xxi,
p. 1194, 1912 ; Ward, Records of Big Game, ed. 6, p. 454, 1910,
ed. 7, p. 453, 1914.

Sus indicus, Gray, List Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 185, 1843 ; Hutton and
Blyth, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, vol. xv, p. 135, 1846 ; Cantor,
ibid. p. 261, 1846 ; Kelaart, Prodr. Faunce Zeylan. p. 78, 1852 ;
Blyth, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, vol. xxix, p. 105, 1857 ;
Gerrard, Cat. Bones Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 277, 1862 ; Jerdon,
Mamm. India, p. 241, 1867 ; MacMaster, Notes on Jerdon,
p. 59, 1870 ; Stolizcka, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, vol. xli,
pt. ii, p. 228, 1873; Lydekker, ibid. vol. xlvi, p. 287, 1876;
Sterndale, Mamm. India, p. 416, 1884.

Sus aper, vars. alpomus et isonotus, Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. Soc.
Bengal, vol. x, p. 911, 1842.

Sus affinis, Gray, Cat. Osteol. Brit. Mus. p. 71, 1847.

Sus zeylonensis, Blyth, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, vol. xx, p. 173,
1852, vol. xxi, p. 351, 1853, vol. xxix, p. 105, 1860.

Sus bengalensis, Blyth, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, vol. xxix, p. 105,
1860.

Sus vittatus cristatus, Major, Zool. Anz. vol. vi, p. 296, 1883.

Typical locality probably the Malabar coast.

Size typically large, the shoulder-height ranging from
28 to 36 inches ; distinguished from typical S. scrofa by the
greater development of the nuchal crest, or mane, and the



SUID^E 319

larger size and greater complexity of the last, or third, inolar
in each jaw, as well as by the taller build and the scantier
coat, under-fur being absent. The trans-Gangetic form was
separated as S. bengalensis on account of the supposed less
development of the parietal constriction of the skull.

The distributional area includes India to a considerable
height in the Himalaya Ceylon, Burma, Tenasserim, Siam,
part of the Malay Peninsula, and some of the adjacent islands.
The Tenasserim representative of the species is small.

A. -Sus cpistatus eristatus.

Sus eristatus typicus, Lydekker, Or eat and Small Game of India,
p. 261, 1900, Game Animals of India, etc. p. 279, 1907.

Typical locality probably the Malabar coast.
General character those of the species.
716, b. Skull. India.

Bequeathed by Gen. T. Hardwicke, about 1835.
716,0. Skull, young. Nepal.

Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.
716, o. Skull, wanting tusks. India.

Presented by Sir John Boileau.

38. 3. 13. 48 (716, v). Skull. Nilgiri Hills, Travancore.
Type of S. affinis. Purchased (Turner), 1838.

38. 3. 13. 49 (716, k). Skull. Malabar.

Purchased (Turner), 1838.
45. 1. 8. 86 (716,/). Skull. Nepal.

Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

45. 1. 8. 87 (716, e). Skull. Nepal. Same history.

45. 1. 8. 88 (716, d). Skull. Nepal. Same history.

45. 1. 8. 89 (716, c). Skull, immature. Nepal.

Same history.
45. 1. 8. 91 (716, i). Skull, with milk-teeth. Nepal.

Same history.

45. 1. 8. 92 (716,y). A similar specimen. Nepal.

Same history.

52. 11. 12. 1 (716,|?). Skull. India. Purchased, 1852.

56. 5. 6. 57 (716, /). Skull. Nepal Tarai; collected by
W. Theobald, Esq. Presented by Dr. T. Oldham,, 1856.

56. 5. 6. 58 (716, m). Skull, immature female. Same
locality and collector. ' s '""^ history.



320 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

56. 5. 6. 59 (716, n). Skull, female. Same locality and
collector. Same history.

58. 6. 24. 123 (716, w). Skull. Sikhim.

Presented ly B. H. Hodgson, Esq., 1858.
58. 6. 24. 124 (716, ). Skull. Same locality.

Same history.
58. 6. 24. 125 (716, t). Skull. Same locality.

Same history.
86. 2. 1. 6. Skull. Sitid.

By exchange with the Karachi Museum, 1886.
1. 6. 20. 2. Skin, mounted, and skull. From a herd
kept by H.M. Queen Victoria in Windsor Forest.

Presented ly H.M. King Edward VIL, 1901.

1. 6. 20. 3. Skull and skin, female. From the Windsor

herd. Same history.

3. 2. 6. 76. Skull and head-skin, immature. Jalor,

Malay Peninsula. Presented ~by Messrs. H. C. Robinson and

N. Annandale, 1903.

6. 5. 28. 1. Skin, mounted, and skull. Central Provinces.

Purchased (Ward), 1906.

12. 11. 17. 1. Skin, mounted. Wardha district, Central
Provinces. A very large old grey boar.

Presented ~by F. C. Anderson, Esq., 1912.

B. Sus eristatus jubatus.

Sus jubatus, Miller, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxx. p. 745, 1906.
Sus eristatus jubatus, Lydekker, Game Animals of India, etc. p. 283,
1907.

Typical locality Trong, Lower Siam.
Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.
Smaller than typical race, with proportionately smaller
and nearly bare ears.

No specimen in collection.

C. Sus eristatus jubatulus.

Sus jubatulus, Miller, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxx, p. 746, 1906.
Sus eristatus jubatulus, LydeJcJcer, Game Animals of India, etc.
p. 283, 1907.

Typical locality Pulo Terutau, off the Malay Peninsula.
Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.



SUID.E 321

Similar to preceding race, but smaller.
9. 11. 1. 152. Skull. Pulo Langkawi, off the Malay
Peninsula ; collected by H. C. Kobinson, Esq. Presented by
the Government of the Federated Malay States, 1909.
9. 11. 1. 153. Skull. Pulo Terutau; same collector.

Same history.

9.11.1.154. Skull, female. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

9.11.1.155. Skull, female. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

9.11.1.156. Skull, female. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

9. 11. 1. 157. Skull, young female, imperfect. Same

locality and collector. Same history.

9.11.1.158. Skull, female. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

III. SUS LEUCOMYSTAX.

Sus leucomystax, TemmincJc, Siebold's Fauna Japan., Mamm. p. 6,
pi. xx, 1842; Swinhoe, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1865, p. 466, 1870,
p. 640 ; Gray, ibid. 1868, p. 26, Cat. Carnivora, etc. Brit. Mus.
p. 333, 1869, Hand- List Thick -skinned Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 61,
1873 ; Nehring. Sitzber. Ges. nat. Freunde, 1885, p. 142, Zool.
Garten, vol. xxvi, p. 325, 1885 ; Stelilin, Abh. schweiz. pal. Ges.
vol. xxvi, p. 69, 1899 ; Thomas, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1905, vol. ii,
p. 357 ; AoJfi, Annot. Zool. Japon. vol. viii, p. 339, 1913.

Sus vittatus leucomystax, Major, Zool. Anz. vol. vi, p. 296, 1883.

Sus vittatus japonica, Nehring, Zool. Garten, vol. xxvi, p. 336, 1885.

Typical locality Japan, including the Islands of Hondo,
Shikoku, and Kiushiu.

Apparently allied to S. vittatus, but provisionally allowed
to rank as a separate species, as the fauna of Japan is in
general markedly distinct from that of Malaya.

General colour blackish brown, with a streak from angles
of mouth to lower jaw and under-parts white ; ears densely
haired ; skull relatively wider than in S. scrofa with a higher
lachrymal. The white muzzle-streak is stated by Nehring
to occur occasionally in S. scrofa.

The range includes Formosa; the two races usually
recognised being distinguished as follows :

A. Size larger, ears larger S. I. leucomystax.

B. Size smaller, ears smaller S. I. taivanus.

IV. Y



322 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES



A. Sus leucomystax leucomystax.

Typical (and only) locality Japan.

Size large, with relatively big ears.

67. 7. 8. 22. Skeleton, young, provisionally referred to
this race. Purchased (Zoological Society), 1867.

70. 20. 10. 38 (1595, a, I). Skull and skin ;. collected at
Shanghai by E. Swinhoe, Esq. Purchased, 1870.

80. 3. 20. 29. Skull. Japan ; collected by H. Pryer, Esq.

Purchased (Jansori), 1880.

5. 5. 30. 28. Skull and skin, female. Washikaguchi,
Hondo ; collected by M. P. Anderson, Esq.

Presented ly the Duke of Bedford, K.Q., 1905.

B. Sus leucomystax taivanus.

Porcula taivana, Swinhoe, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1862, p. 360.

Sus taivanus, Swinhoe, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1864, p. 383, 1870, p. 641 ;
Gray, ibid. 1867, p. 240, 1868, p. 26, Hand-List ThicTc-sJcinned
Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 61, 1873 ; Aoki, Annot. Zool. Japon.
vol. viii, p. 340, 1913.

Sus vittatus taivanus, Major, Zool. AUK. vol. vi, p. 296, 1883.

Typical locality Formosa.

Smaller than typical race, with proportionately smaller
ears.

The under-mentioned specimens represent the type of
the race.

68. 10. 9. 1 (1594, /, m). Skull, without lower jaw,
immature, and lower jaw of a second and older animal.
S. W. Formosa. Presented ly E. T. Collingwood, Esq., 1868.

70. 2. 10. 39. Skin. Formosa ; collected by E. Swin-
hoe, Esq. Purchased, 1870.

70. 2. 10. 40. Skin, immature. Same locality and
collector. Same history.

70. 2. 10. 41 (1594, 1). Skin, young. Same locality and
collector. Same history.

70. 2. 10. 42 (1594, c). Skin, young. Same locality and
collector. Same history.

70. 2. 10. 43 (1594, /). Skin. Same locality and
collector. Same history.



SUID.E 323

70. 2. 10. 84 (1594,;). Skull, female. Same locality
and collector. Same history.

70. 2. 10. 85 (1594, h). Skull. Same locality and
collector. Same history.

70. 2. 10. 86 (1594, jfe). Skull, young female. Same
locality and collector. Same history.

70. 2. 10. 87 (1594, i). Skull, female. Same locality
and collector. Same history.

70. 2. 10. 88 (1594, a). Skull and skin, immature female.
Same locality and collector. Same history.

96. 5. 2. 1-2. Two skins. Formosa ; collected by P. A.
Hoist, Esq. Purchased (Danfelt), 1896.

9. 4. 1. 507. Skull and skin. Pulo Bintang, Ehio
Linga Archipelago ; collected by H. C. Eobinson, Esq.

Presented by the Government of the
Federated Malay States, 1909.

In addition to the above, the following name has been
proposed for a wild swine from Vladivostock, regarded by
its describer as a continental race of the present species :

Sus leucomystax var. continentalis, Nehring, Sitzber. Ges. Nat.
Freunde, 1889, p. 141.

IV. SUS VITTATUS.

Sus vittatus, Miiller and Schlegel, Verh. Zoogd. Ind. Archip. vol. i,
p. 172, pi. xxix, 1842 ; Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1860, p. 442, 1868,
p. 25, Cat. Carnivora, etc. Brit. Mus. p. 331, 1869 ; Gerrard,
Cat. Bones Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 277, 1862; Major, Zool.
Anz. vol. vi, p. 296, 1883 ; Jentink, Notes Leyden Mus. vol. xiii,
p. 89, 1891, vol. xxvi, p. 175, 1905 ; Lydekker, Horns and Hoofs,
p. 359, 1893, Game Animals of India, etc. p. 284, 1907 ; Miller,
Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxvi, p. 446, 1903, vol. xxx, p. 748,
1906; Stehlin, Abh. schweiz. pal. Ges. vol. xxvi, p. 69, 1899;
Volz. Zool. Jahrb., Syst. vol. xx, p. 513, 1904 ; Steck, Eev. Suisse
Zool. vol. xiv, p. 33, 1907; Lyon, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol.
xxxiv, p. 628, 1908 ; Bauschke, Arch. Naturgesch. 1911, p. 1.

Sus scrofa, var. Giebel, Sdugethiere, p. 225, 1855.

Aulacochcerus vittatus, Gray, Hand-List Thick-skinned Mamm. Brit.
Mus. p. 58, 1873.

Type of Aulacochcerus.
Typical locality Sumatra.
Type in Leyden Museum.

General colour dark brown variegated with reddish brown,

Y 2



324 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

with a black spinal stripe, rising into a crest on the neck,
where the bristles are tipped with rufous ; typically a broad
reddish brown band along middle of muzzle, broadening at
angles of mouth and on sides of upper lip, whence it extends
backwards to disappear on sides of neck, in old animals
frequently obsolete ; no warts or tufts on face; ears moderate ;
tail-tuft small and flattened ; young striped with alternating
black and reddish brown bands; canines as in S. scrofa
(p. 310); skull of moderate length and slenderness, but of
unusual height, owing to the depth of the lower jaw, with
a short muzzle, in which the anterior upper premolar is
approximated to the canine, while the .interval between the
first and second lower prernolars, like that between the
canine and outermost lower incisor, is also unusually short ;
last molar in each jaw short and simple.

The range includes Sumatra, Java, Flores, the Malay
Peninsula, etc.

The following " key " to the local races (with the exception
of the third and last) is modified from one given by Miller.

A. Upper skull -length less than 11 inches (290

mm.).*

a. Length of upper tooth-row about 3 T 5 g inches

(83 mm.) 8. v. andamanensis.

b. Length of upper tooth-row about 3f inches

(95 mm.).

ft 1 . Palate wider S. v. nicobaricus.

c 1 . Palate narrower, the width not greater

than maximum width of m. 3 S. v. mimus.

B. Upper skull-length exceeding 11 J inches (290

mm.).

a. Upper molars larger S. v. niadensis.

b. Upper molars smaller.

b 1 . Width of palate (last molars included)
less than half the length of upper tooth-
row to point of tusk.

6 2 . Width of parietal constriction greater.

b 3 . General colour yellower S. v. milleri.

c 3 . General colour redder S. v. vittatus.

c 2 . Width of parietal constriction less.

c 3 . Colour greyer, teeth smaller S. v. andersoni.

d 3 . Colour redder, teeth larger S. v. rhionis.



S. v. floresianus should come -in this group.



SUID^E 325

c 1 . Width of palate (last molars included)
equal to or greater than half the length
of upper tooth-row to front of tusk.
c 2 . Skull-length about 13* inches (342

mm.) S. v. peninsularis.

d 2 . Skull-length about 12* inches (310
mm.).

d s . A small diastema behind tusk S. v. babi.

e 3 . No diastema behind tusk' S. v. natunemis.



A. Sus vittatus vittatus.

Typical locality Sumatra.

Bristles of head and body subterminally ringed with
reddish brown, which communicates a rufous tinge to the
entire coat.

43. 12. 27. 1 (1362. a). Skin, mounted. Locality
unknown, and reference provisional.

Purchased (Franks), 1843.

B. Sus vittatus milleri.

Sus milleri, Jentink, Notes Leyden Mus. vol. xxvi, p. 176, 1905.

Typical locality Java.

Type in Leyden Museum.

Yellower and lighter than typical race, with the light
band on the muzzle yellowish brown ; bristles on head and
body more sparse, with the subterminal ring yellowish
brown.

55. 4. 14. 1 (1362, 6). Skull. Java ; collected by Dr. A. K.
Wallace, O.M. Noticed by Major, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist.
ser. 6, vol. xix, p. 532. Purchased, 1855.

C. Sus vittatus floresianus.

Sus floresianus, JentinJc, Notes Leyden Mus. vol. xxvi, p. 178, 1905.

Typical locality Flores.

Type in Leyden Museum.

Described from the skull, which, although smaller than
in the typical race upper length 10 J inches (260 mm.),
against 13 inches (330 mm.) is very thick, massive, short,
and wide, with a bony maxillary protuberance below the



326 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

infra-orbital foramen, and the preniaxillse terminating
abruptly in front of the incisors instead of being prolonged
some distance in advance.
No specimen in collection.

D. Sus vittatus andamanensis.

Sus andamanensis, Blyth, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, vol. xxvii,

p. 267, 1858, vol. xxviii, p. 271, 1859, vol. xxix, p. 103, 1860, Cat.

Mamm. Mus. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, p. 141, 1863 ; Gray, Proc. Zool.

Soc. 1868, p. 29, Cat. Carnivora, etc. Brit. Mus. p. 336, 1869,

Hand-List Thick-skinned Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 64, 1873;

W. L. Sclater, Cat. Mamm. Ind. Mus. pt. ii, p. 195, 1891;

Blanford, Fauna Brit. India, Mamm. p. 562, 1891 ; LydekJcer,

Horns and Hoofs, p. 358, 1893 ; Stehlin, Abli. schweiz. pal. Ges.

vol. xxvi, p. 69, 1899; Miller, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxiv,

p. 752, 1902, vol. xxx, p. 754, 1906.
Sus cristatus andamanensis, Lydekker, Great and Small Game of

India, etc. p. 265, 1900.
Sus vittatus andamanensis, Major, Zool. Anz. vol. vi, p. 296, 1883 ;

Lydekker, Game Animals of India, etc. p. 284, 1907.

Typical locality Port Blair, S. Andaman Island.

Type in Indian Museum, Calcutta.

A small race, standing about 20 inches at the shoulder,
and externally very similar to a dwarf S. cristatus, but
distinguished from that species by the simpler structure of
the last molar, which in the upper jaw normally carries only
two transverse ridges and a talon ; general colour blackish,
with a brown tinge on the mane.

Miller, although regarding it as a member of the
S. vittatus group, emphasises the affinity of this race to the
Tenasserim form of S. cristatus.

67. 6. 18. 1 (1497, a). Skull, wanting lower jaw.
Andaman Islands. A lower jaw (1497, /) sent with this
specimen represents another individual.

Presented by W. Theobald, Esq., 1867.

67. 9. 28. 6 (1497, b). Skull, female, wanting tusks.
Same locality. Same history.

68. 3. 21. 78 (1479, c). Skin and skeleton. Andamans ;
collected by Capt. Train.

Purchased (Zoological Society), 1868.

67. 10. 5. 22. Skin, very young, mounted. Zoological

.Gardens. Purchased (Zoological Society), 1867.



SUID.I;

70. 8. 17. 2 (1497, d). Skull, female. Andamans.

Presented ly Surgeon-General F. Day, 1870.

88. 3. 20. 3. Skull. Andamans; collected by Dr. F.

Stoliczka. Presented ly R. Lydekker, Esq., 1888.

E. Sus vittatus nieobaricus.

Sus nieobaricus, Miller, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxiv, p. 755, 1902,

vol. xxx, p. 754, 1906.
Sus vittatus nieobaricus, Lydekker, Game Animals of India, etc.

p. 284, 1907.

Typical locality Great Nicobar Island.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Eather larger than v. andamanenyis, with markedly
larger cheek-teeth ; colour wholly black ; tail with a sparse,
nearly uniform growth of long black hairs.

No specimen in collection.

F. Sus vittatus peninsularis.

Sus peninsularis, Miller, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxx, p. 749, 1906.
Sus vittatus peninsularis, Lydekker, Game Animals of India, etc.
p. 284, 1907.

Typical locality Johore, Malay Peninsula.
Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.
The largest of all the races, the upper skull-length being
about 13 J inches (342 mm.).
No specimen in collection.

G. Sus vi tatus rhionis.

Sus rhionis, Miller, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxx, p. 749, 1906,
vol. xxxi, p. 256, 1906; Thomas and Wroughton, Journ. Fed.
Malay Mus. vol. i, p. 127, 1910.

Typical locality Karimon Island, Ehio Linga Archipelago.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Skull narrower than in typical race, with the interparietal
constriction so strongly developed that its width is less than
that of the nasals at their base.

9. 4. 1. 508. Skull and skin. Karimon Island, Ehio
Linga Group ; collected by H. C. Eobinson, Esq.
Presented bijtlie Government of the Federated Malay States, 1909.



328 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

H. Sus vittatus andersoni.

Sus andersoni, Thomas and Wroughton, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 8,
vol. iii, p. 441, 1909, Journ. Fed. Malay Mus. vol. iv, p. 127,
1910.

Typical locality Batam Island, Ehio Linga Archipelago ;
the range also includes Bintang and Karimon Islands.

Differs from S. v. rhionis by the greyer colour of the
adult and the redder tint of the young, as well as by the
smaller teeth, especially the second upper incisor and
the premolars.

9. 4. 1. 509. Skull and skin, female. Bintang Island,
Ehio Liriga Archipelago ; collected by Mr. E. Seimund.
Presented tythe Government of the, Federated Malay States, 1909.

9. 4. 1. 510. Skull and skin, female. Batam Island,
Ehio Linga Group ; same collector. Same history.

9. 4. 1. 511. Skull and skin, female. Same locality and
collector. Type. Same history.

9. 4. 1. 512. Skull and skin, female. Karimon Island,
Ehio Linga Group. Same history.

I. Sus vittatus niadensis.

Sus niadensis, Miller, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxx, p. 751, 1906.

Typical locality Nias Island.
Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.
Like typical race, but with larger second and third
molars.

No specimen in collection.

J. Sus vittatus babi.

Sus babi, Miller, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxx, p. 752, 1906.

Typical locality Pulo Babi, off western Sumatra.
Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.
Similar in size to typical race, but colour much darker
and skull wider.

No specimen in collection,



SUID.E 329

K. Sus vittatus natunensis.

Sus, sp., Thomas and Hartert, Novit. Zool. vol. i, p. 660, 1894,

vol. ii, p. 492, 1895.
Sus natunensis, Miller, Proc. Washington Ac. Sci. vol. iii, p. 117,

1901, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxx, p. 753, 1906.

Typical locality Pulo Laut, northern Natuna Islands.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Like S. v. labi, but colour lighter, and rostral portion of
skull shorter and wider. In general appearance very similar
to the small Tenasserim form of the typical race of
S. cristatus, but smaller ; general colour brownish, con-
trasting strongly with the black feet and legs.

No specimen in collection.

L. Sus vittatus mimus.

Sus miinus, Miller, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxx, p. 753, 1906.

Typical locality Simalur Island, off western Sumatra.
Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.
Similar in colour and skull-characters to S. v. babi, but
much smaller.

No specimen in collection.

M. Sus vittatus timoriensis.

Sus timoriensis, Midler and Schlegel, Verh. Zoogd. Ind. Archip.

vol. i, pp. 42, 173 and 178, pi. xxxi, figs. 1-3, 1842; Jentink,

Notes Leyden Mus. vol. xiii, p. 95, 1891, vol. xxvi, p. 180, 1905.
Sus scrofa, var. Giebel, Sdugethiere, p. 225, 1855.
Sus timorensis, Gerrard, Cat. Bones Mamtn. Brit. Mus. p. 278, 1862 ;

Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1868, p. 28, Cat. Carnivora, etc. Brit.

Mus. p. 335, 1869, Hand-List Thick-skinned Mamm. Brit. Mus.

p. 60, 1873.

Typical locality Timor ; the range also includes Kottia,
but not Macassar or Ternate, which are inhabited respectively
by celebensis and " S. niger"

Probably a hybrid form, crossed with semi-domesticated
breeds ; the skull, according to Jentink, being markedly
different from that of the pure-bred S. v. floresianus.

No specimen in collection.



330 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

The Papuan swine described under the following names
are regarded by Stehlin (Abh. schiveiz. pal. G-es. vol. xxvi,
p. 292, 1899) and Bauschke (Arch. Naturgesch. vol. Ixxvii,
p. 1, 1911) as the descendants of domesticated or semi-
doinesticated animals introduced by human agency ; the latter
writer considering that they are all derivatives from the
8. vittatus stock. In the Bismarck and Caroline groups
more or less pure-bred vittatus occurs in a feral condition.

Sus papuensis, Lesson and Garnot, Bull. Sci. Nat. vol. vii, pp. 80
and 96, 1826, Voyage " Coquille," vol. i, p. 171, pi. viii, 1826;
Gray, List Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 135, 1843, Proc. Zool. Soc.
1858, p. 107, 1868, p. 33, Cat. Carnivora, etc. Brit. Mus. p. 339,
1869, Hand-List Tliick-skinneu Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 60, 1873 ;
Peters and Doria, Ann. Mus. Genova, vol. xvi, pp. 666 and 698,
1881 ; Sclater, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1881, p. 165 ; Flower and Garson,
Cat. Osteol. Mus. R. Coll. Surg. pt. ii, p. 347, 1884; Finsch,
Proc. Zool. Soc. 1886, p. 218 ; Jentirik, Notes Leyden Mus.
vol. xiii, p. 97, 1891, vol. xxvi, p. 188, 1905 ; Meyer, Abh. Zool.
Mus. Dresden, vol. vi, p. 18, 1897; Elliot, Cat. Mamm. Field
Mus. (Field Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. viii) p. 31, 1907; Bauschke,
Arch. Naturgesch. 1911, p. 1; Dehaut, Zool. et Pal. Corse et
Sardaigne, p. 64, pi. iv, 1912.

Sus ternatensis, Meyer, Trans. Linn. Soc. ser. 2, vol. i, p. 276, 1877.

Sus aruensis, Rosenberg, Malay Archip. p. 362, 1878.

Sus aramensis, Rosenberg, op. cit. p. 368, 1878.

Sus niger, Finsch, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1886, p. 217 ; Jentirik, Notes
Leyden Mus. vol. xiii, p. 100, 1891, vol. xxvi, p. 190, 1905;
Meyer, Abh. Zool. Mus. Dresden, vol. vi, p. 18, 1896.

Typical locality New Guinea ; also recorded from the
Admiralty and Bismarck groups, Jappen, Waigiou, Misul,
Ternate, Salawatti, Tidore, Ceram, Batanta, and the Key,
Aru, Yule, and Louisiade groups.

Type in Paris Museum.

949, a. Skin, female, mounted. New Guinea.

Presented ty the Earl of Derby, 1843.

50. 7. 20. 134 (50. 9. 6. 15949, 5). Skin, mounted, and

skull, immature. Touton Island, south coast of New Guinea.

Presented by Capt. Owen Stanley, 1850.

60. 8. 27. 8 (1501, a). Skull, immature, provisionally
referred to the present group. Locality unknown (? Ternate) ;
collected by Dr. A. K. Wallace, O.M.

Purchased (Stevens), 1860.

61.12.11.25(1501,6). Skull. Ternate ; same collector.
Entered in Gray's Hand-List as S. timorensis ; referred by



SUID.E 331

Major, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 6, vol. xix, p. 534, to a
species akin to S. vittatus. Purchased, 1861.

66. 12. 30. 4 (1501, d). Skin and skeleton. Dampier
Straits, north-west New Guinea; collected by K. Swinhoe,
Esq. Purchased (Zoological Society), 1866.

90. 2. 20. 11-13. Three skulls. Wild Island, Admiralty
group ; collected in 1875 during the cruise of H.M.S.
" Challenger." Presented by the Government, 1890.

13. 6. 18. 113-115. Three skulls and skins. Letakusa
Valley, New Guinea ; collected by C. B. Kloss, Esq.



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