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Catalogue of the ungulate mammals in the British Museum (Natural History) (Volume 4) online

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Presented ~by the Wollaston Expedition, 1913.

13. 6. 18. 116-118. Three skulls. Same locality and
collector. Same history.

V. SUS CELEBENSIS.

Sus celebensis, Midler and Schlegel, Verh, Zoogd. Ind. Archip.

pi. xxviii bis, fig. 1 , 1842 ; Gray, Cat. Carnivora, etc. Brit. Mus.

p. 331, 1869; Nehring, Sitzber. Ges. nat. Freunde, 1888, p. 9,

Abh. Zool. Mus. Dresden, 1889, p. 11, pis. i and ii, Zool. Anz.

vol. xiv, p. 45, 1891 ; Jentink, Notes Leyden Mus. vol. xiii,

p. 96, 1891, vol. xxvi, p. 182, 1905; Meyer, Abh. Zool. Mus.

Dresden, vol. vi, p. 27, 1896 ; Stehlin, Abh. schweiz. pal. Ges.

vol. xxvi, p. 70, pi. x, 1899; Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl.

p. 662, 1904 ; Elliot, Cat. Mamm. Field Mus. (Field Mus. Zool.

Pub. vol. viii) p. 32, 1907.
Dasychcerus celebensis, Gray, Hand-List Thick-skinned Mamm.

"Brit, Mus. p. 59, 1873.
Sus verrucosus celebensis, Major, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 6, vol.

xix, p. 537, 1897 ; Trouessart, Cat. Mamm. p. 895, 1898.

Typical locality Northern Celebes.

Type in Leyden Museum.

According to Jentink, the wild swine of Celebes is to a
considerable degree intermediate between S. vittatus and
S. verrucosus, having the facial markings and striped young
of the former and lower canines like those of the latter.

Typically a distinct tuft of light-coloured bristles on
hind portion of each cheek; in half -grown individuals a
broad yellowish or brownish band on the sides of the muzzle,
and thence towards under surface of neck, this band being
more or less visible in adults; a pair of small warts on
muzzle above angles of mouth ; a crest of long black bristles
between ears, continued along nape ; young striped ; skull



332 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

short and high; lower canines of the type of those of
S. verrucosus (infra) ; enamel of molars thick.

In addition to Celebes, the range includes Menado,
Gorontalo, Saleyer, Batjan, Morotai, and Macassar, and the
Philippines.

The races are distinguishable as follows .

A. Size medium ; premolars low.

a. Skull medium.

a'. Cheek-teeth larger S. c. celebensis.

b'. Cheek-teeth smaller S. c. nehringi.

b. Skull longer and lower S. c. philippinus.

c. Skull still longer and lower S. c. mindanensis.

d. Skull very narrow and relatively low S. c. ceramicus.

e. Skull broader.

<?'. Skull higher S. c. amboinensis.

e". Skull lower S. c. borneensis.

B. Size small ; premolars tall S. c. minutus.

A. Sus celebensis celebensis.

Typical locality Northern Celebes.

General characters those of the species.

In addition to Northern Celebes, the range is taken to
include Menado, Gorontalo, Batjan, Morotai, and Macassar.

43. 12. 27. 2 (1596, b). Skin, mounted, immature.
Celebes. By exchange with the Ley den Museum, 1843.

47. 5. 10. 2 (1596, a). Skin, mounted, and skull.
Celebes. Same history, 1847.

59. 4. 6. 4 (1501, e). Skull, immature. Macassar;
collected by Dr. A. E. Wallace, 0. M. Entered as
S. timorensis in Gray's Hand- List, but referred to present
species by Major, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 6, vol. xix,
p. 522. Purchased (Franks), 1859.

61. 12. 11. 26 (1362, A). Skull. Batjan (Batchian);
collected by Dr. A. E. Wallace, O.M. Entered in Gray's
Hand-List as Aulochwrus vittatus. Purchased, 1861.

72. 3. 5. 4. Skin, young. Macassar; collected by
Dr. A. B. Meyer. Purchased, 1872.



SUID.E 333



B. Sus celebensis nehringi.

Sus nehringii, Jentirik, Notes Leyden Mus. vol. xxvi, p. 186, 1905.
(?) Sus weberi, Jentink, op. cit. p. 187, 1905.

Typical locality Southern Celebes.

Type in Leyden Museum.

Closely allied to typical race, but the cheek-teeth,
especially the molars, decidedly smaller. S. weberi, from the
adjacent island of Saleyer, was only provisionally separated
by Jentink.

No specimen in collection.

C. Sus celebensis philippensis.

Sus celebensis, var. philippensis, Nehringi Sitzber. Ges. nat. Freunde,

1886, p. 83, 1890, p. 9, 1894, p. 220, AWi. Zool. Mus. Dresden,

1889, pp. 14 and 24, pis. i and ii.

Sus marchei, Huet, Le Naturaliste, vol. ii, p. 6, 1888, partim.
Sus arietinus, Heude, Mem. Hist. Nat. Emp. Chinois. vol. ii, p. 114,

pi. xx, fig. 1, 1892.

Sus rnicrotis, Heude, op. cit. p. 115, pi. xx, B, fig. 6, 1892.
Sus frenatus, Heude, op. cit. p. 114, pi. xxvii, figs. 1-3, 1892.
Sus verrucosus philippensis, Major, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 6,

vol. xix, p. 527, 1897.
Sus philippensis, Thomas, Trans. Zool. Soc. vol. xiv, p. 411, 1898 ;

Hollister, Philippine Journ. Sci. sect. D, vol. vii, p. 39, 1912 ;

Cabrera, Cat. Met. Mam. Mus. Madrid, p. 133, 1912.
Sus verrucosus philippinensis, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm. p. 825, 1899.

Sus celebensis philippinensis, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 662,
1904.

Typical locality Luzon, Philippines; also recorded from
Basilan, Mindanao, Mindoro, Negros, Panay, Samar, etc.

Type in Berlin Museum.

Skull lower and more elongated than in typical race,
with a narrower muzzle, and a thinner and lower bony crest
above the upper canine ; molars of average size aud
complexity, and premolars not abnormally tall.

54. 3. 11. 7. Young skin of this or one of the other
Philippine races. Philippines ; collected by H. Cuming, Esq.

Purchased, 1854.

97. 8. 4. 1. Skull and skin. Cap Ingano, North Luzon.
Presented by J. Whitehead, Esq., 1897.



334 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

D. Sus celebensis minutus.

Sus minutus, Heude, Mem. Hist. Nat. Emp. Chinois, vol. ii, p. 114,
pi. xx, B, fig. 1, 1892, vol. iv, p. 127, 1899 ; Major, Ann. Mag.
Nat. Hist. ser. 6, vol. xix, p. 528, 1897 ; Hollister, Philippine
Journ. Sci. sect. D, vol. vii, p. 39, 1912.

Typical locality Luzon.

Smaller than the preceding and following races, with
relatively small and simple molars, and large tall premolars.
No example in collection.

E. Sus celebensis mindanensis.

Sus inconstans, Heude, Mem. Hist. Nat. Emp. Chinois, vol. ii, p. 67,

1892, description insufficient ; Hollister, Philippine Journ. Sci.

sect. D, vol. vii, p. 39, 1912.
Sus verrucosus mindanensis, Major, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 6,

vol. xix, p. 527, 1897.
Sus celebensis mindanensis, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm. Suppl. p. 662,

1904.
Sus mindanensis, Hollister, Philippine Journ. Sci. sect. D, vol. vii,

p. 39, 1912.

Typical (and only) locality Mindanao, Philippines.

Skull still longer, lower, and narrower than in S. c. philip-
pensis, and the muzzle more elongated. In the Luzon race
the relative maximum width of skull is from 51 '2 to 52 mm.,
and the length of the muzzle from 23*8 to 24*7 mm.,
whereas in the present race these dimensions are respectively
48-3 and 26-4 mm.

Major remarks that the characters by which S. c. philip-
pensis and S. c. mindanensis differ from S. v. celebensis tend
to approximate the two former to S. verrucosus.

91. 11. 28. 3. Skull and skin. Ayala, Mindanao;
collected by the Steere Expedition. Type. Purchased, 1891.

7. 2. 2. 15. Skull and skin. Mount Apo, Mindanao ;
collected by M. P. Anderson, Esq.

Presented ty the Duke of Bedford, K.G., 1907.

7. 2. 2. 16. Skull, wanting nasals. Same locality and
collector. Same history.

7. 2. 2. 17. Skull, wanting nasals, and skin, immature.
Same locality and collector. Same history.

7. 2. 2. 18. Skull and skin, immature. Same locality
and collector. Same history.



335



F. Sus celebensis amboinensis.



Aulochcerus vittatus, Gray, Hand-List Thick-skinned Mamm. Brit.

Aftis. p. 58, pi. xxiv, fig. 3, 1873 ; nee Muller and Schlcgel.
Sus verrucosus, Eolleston, Trans. Linn. Soc. ser. 2, vol. i, p. 271,

1877 ; nee Muller and Schlegel.
Su3 verrucosus amboinensis, Major, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 6,

vol. xix, p. 527, 1897.
Sus celebensis amboinensis, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 662,

1904.
Sus amboinensis, Jentink, Notes Ley den Mus. vol. xxvi, p. 193, 1905.

Typical locality Amboina, west of Ceram.

Skull higher and broader than in S. c. philippensis, and
thus still more so than in S. c. mindancnsis, with a relatively
long postorbital region ; in length of muzzle nearly inter-
mediate between S. verrucosus and S. c. ceramicus.

59. 4. 6. 5* (1362, -d). Skull. Amboina; collected by
Dr. A. R. Wallace, O.M. Co-type. Figured by Gray, loc. cit.

Purchased, 1859.

59. 4. 6. 6 (1362, c). Skull. Same locality and collector.
Co-type. Same history.

G. Sus celebensis ceramicus.

Sus verrucosus var. ceramicus, Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1868, p. 24,

Cat. Carnivora, etc. Brit. Mus. p. 330, 1869 ; Meyer, Abh. Zool.

Mus. Dresden, vol. vi, p. 18, 1896.
Dasychcerus verrucosus, Gray, Hand-List Thick-skinned Mamm.

Brit. Mus. p. 59, 1873.
Sus verrucosus, Rolleston, Trans. Linn. Soc. ser. 2, vol. i, p. 271,

1874.
Sus verrucosus ceramicus, Major, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 6,

vol. xix, p. 533, 1897.
Sus celebensis ceramicus, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 662,

1904.
Sus ceramicus, Jentink, Notes Leyden Mus. vol. xxvi, p. 193, 1905.

Typical locality Ceram.

Skull with very slender muzzle, narrower across zygomatic
arches than that of any other member of the group, and in
relative height inferior to all except S. c. mindanensis ; nasal
region extremely narrow, and crest above canine small and

* Major gave the number of this and the next specimen as
59. 6. 4. 5 and 59. 6. 4. 6.



336 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

weak ; last molar long and simple, resembling in the former
character S. verrucosus and in the latter the typical
S. c. celebensis and S. c. amboinensis.

55. 4. 14. 2 (71M). Skull. Ceram ; collected by
Dr. A. K. Wallace, O.M. Type. Purchased, 1855.

H. Sus celebensis bopneensis.

Sus vittatus, Gerrard, Cat. Bones Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 277, 1862 ;

nee Milller and Schlegel.

Sus verrucosus, Gray, Cat. Carnivora, etc. Brit. Mus. p. 330, 1867.
Dasychcerus verrucosus, Gray, Hand-List Thick-skinned Mamm.

Brit. Mus. p. 59, 1873.
Sus verrucosus borneensis, Major, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 6,

vol. xix, p. 534, 1897.
Sus celebensis borneensis, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 662,

1904.
Sus borneensis, Jentirik, Notes Leyden MILS. vol. xxvi, p. 193, 1905.

Typical locality Borneo.

Skull short and broad, of the type of that of S. c. celebensis
and S. c. amboinensis (and thus altogether different from that
of S. c. ceramicus), but less elevated, and with a shorter
incisor-area; crests above upper canines moderate, as in
S. verrucosus.

59. 8. 16. 5 (1362, a*). Skull. Borneo ; collected by
Dr. A. E. Wallace, O.M. Type. Purchased, 1859.

INCERT^E SEDIS.

Neosus cebifrons, Heude, Mem. Hist. Nat. Emp. Chinois, vol. ii,
p. 106, 1892.

Sus cebifrons, Major, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 6, vol. xix, p. 527,
1897 ; Hollister, Philippine Journ. Sci. sect. D, vol. vii, p. 38,
1912, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xlvi, p. 338, 1913.

Typical locality Masbate or Cebu, Philippines.
Eegarded by Major as probably a cross between a wild
and a domesticated pig.

No specimen in collection.

VI. SUS VEEEUCOSUS.

Sus verrucosus, Miiller and Schlegel, Verh. Zoogd. Ind. Archip.
vol. i, p. 107, pis. xxviii and xxxii, 1842 ; Gray, Cat. Carnivora,
etc. Brit. Mus. p. 330, 1869; Jentinlc, Notes Leyden Mus.

* Misprinted 136, a in Gray's Hand-List.



SUDJ-; 337

vol. xiii, p. 93, 1891, vol. xxv, p. 168, 1905; Lydekker, Horns
and Hoofs, p. 360, 1893, Game Animals of India, etc. p. 283,
1907 ; Major, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 6, vol. xix, p. 521, 1897 ;
Stehlin, Abli. scliweiz. pal. Ges. vol. xxvi, p. 70, 1899; Steck,
Rev. Zool. Suisse, vol. xiv, p. 33, 1907.

Sus scrofa, var. Giebel, Sdugethiere, p. 225, 1855.

Dasychcerus verrucosus, Gray, Hand-List Thick-skinned Mamm.
Brit. Mus. p. 59, 1873.

Sus mystaceus, Gray, op. cit. p. 62, pi. xxv, 1873.

Type of Dasycliccru*.

Typical locality Java.

Type in Ley den Museum.

Head elongated, with three pairs of warty protuberances,
surmounted with bristles, one situated above the upper
canines, the second and larger under each eye, and the third
and largest a little below the ears ; a nuchal and dorsal
crest, gradually diminishing in height towards the tail ; ears
relatively large and wide, with the basal portion forming a
closed cylinder ; tail without distinct terminal tuft ; general
colour black, but certain bands on head and the whole
under-parts rufous ; young uniformly coloured ; muzzle bare
and flesh-coloured ; last molars very large and complex ;
lower canines (fig. 48, p. 310), with the hind surface
horizontal, and narrower than the outer one, which is the
broadest of the three ; skull of medium length and height,
with two infra-orbital foramina.

55. 4. 2. 2-3 (712, c). Skull, wanting upper canines.
Java. Purchased (Stevens), 1855.

62. 1. 22. 2 (712, e). Skin, mounted, and skeleton,
immature (? semi-domesticated). Java. Type of S. mystaceus.

Purchased (Zoological Society), 1862.

67. 4. 12. 211 (712, /). Skull. Java(?).

Lidth dc Jeude Collection, purchased, 1867.

67.4.12.212(712,1). Skull. Java(?). Same history.

67. 4. 12. 213 (1362, g). Skull, immature. Java(?);
entered in Gray's Hand-List as S. vittatus ; referred to the
present species by Major, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 6,
vol. xix, p. 539 (on p. 532 it is apparently referred to S. v.
celebensis). Same hisioi^y.

67. 4. 12. 214 (712, h). Skull, wanting several teeth.
Java (?). Same history.

IV. z



338 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

67. 4. 12. 215 (712, g). Skull. Java (?). . Same history,

67. 4. 12. 218 (1362,}). Skull, immature female. Java (?).
Entered in Gray's Hand-List as S. vittatus ; referred to
present species by Major, op. cit. Same history.

9. 1. 5. 814-5. Two skulls and skins, young. Pan-
gandaran, Dirk de Vfies Bay, Java; collected by G. C.
Shortridge, Esq. Presented ly W. E. Balston, Esq., 1909.

9. 1. 5. 816. Skull and skin(?), female. Same locality
and collector. Same history.

9. 1. 5. 817. Skull, wanting part of lower jaw, and skin.
Same locality and collector. Same history.

9. 1. 5. 818. Skull and skin, immature. Same locality
and collector. Same history.

9. 1. 5. 819-20. Two skulls and skins, very young. Same
locality and collector. Same history.

9. 1. 5. 821. Skull and skin, immature. Same locality
and collector. Same history.

9. 1. 5. 822. Skull and skin. Tjilatjap, Java ; same
collector. Same history.

9. 1. 5. 827. Skull and skin. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

9. 1. 5. 828-9. Two skulls and skins, very young. Same
locality and collector. Same history.

9. 1. 5. 831. Skull and skin, young. Same locality and
collector. Same history.

9. 1. 5. 832. Skull and skin. Kalipoetjang, Tji-Tandoei
Valley, Java ; same collector. Same history.

9. 1. 5. 833. Skull, imperfect, and skin, immature. Same
locality and collector. Same history.

9. 1. 5. 1120. Skull, imperfect, female. Western Java ;
same collector. Same history.

9. 1. 5. 1121. Skull, immature. Same locality and
collector. Same history.

9. 1. 5. 1222-3. Two skulls, without lower jaws, immature.
Same locality and collector. Same histoi^y.

VII. SUS BAEBATUS.

Sus barbatus, Miiller, Tijdschr. Gesch. PJiysiol. vol. v, p. 149, 1839,
Verh. Zoogd. Ind. Archip. vol. i, pp. 42, 173 and 179, pi. xxx
and xxxi, 1842 ; Gerrard, Cat. Bones Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 278,



SUID.E 339

1862 ; Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1868, p. 32, Cat. Carnivora, etc.
Brit. Mus. p. 839, 1869 ; Flower and Garson, Cat. Osteol. Mus.
R. Coll. Surg. pt. ii, p. 347, 1884 ; Nehring, Sitzber. Ges. nat.
Freunde, 1886, p. 82 ; Jentink, Notes Leyden Mus. vol. xiii,
p. 94, 1891, vol. xxvi, p. 161, 1905 ; Lydekker, Horns and Hoofs,
p. 360, 1893 ; Hose, Mamm. Borneo, p. 69, 1893 ; Jentink and
BiittiJcofer, Notes Leyden Mus. vol. xix, p. 65, 1897; Stehlin,
Abh. schweiz. pal. Ges. vol. xxvi, p. 70, 1899 ; Volz, Zool. Jahrb.,
Syst. vol. xx, p. 518, pi. xviii, 1904; Miller, Proc. U.S. Nat.
Mus. vol. xxx, p. 739, 1906 ; Lyon, ibid. vol. xxxiii, p. 550, 1907,
vol. xl, p. 74, 1911.

Euhys barbatus, Gray, Hand-List Thick-skinned Mamm. Brit. Mus.
p. 57, 1873.

Sus longirostris, Nehring, Zool. Anz. vol. viii, p. 347, 1885, Sitzber.
Ges. nat. Freunde, 1886, p. 80, Abh. Zool. Mus. Dresden, 1889,
p. 18 ; Spillner, Ber. Physiol. Lab. Halle, 1894, p. 81 ; Miller,
Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, voj. xv, p. 51, 1902 ; Volz, Zool.
Jahrb., Syst. vol. xx, pp. 511 and 516, 1904 (= barbatus).

Type of Euhys.

Typical locality Banjermassin, Borneo.

Type in Leyden Museum.

Size large ; head very long, low, and narrow, with the tip
of the muzzle bare, and tufts of long, curved, reddish brown
bristles on cheeks ; ears small, slit to the base ; tail with a
large black terminal tuft ; general colour variable, ranging
from uniformly brownish yellow to black ; young striped ;
canines as in S. verrucosus (p. 310) ; skull long and low, with
a very slender muzzle, the tip of the premaxillse extending a
short distance in advance of the incisors, instead of ending
abruptly with them, and a single infra-orbital foramen on
each side. The strongly developed tufts on the cheeks, the
bare flesh-coloured muzzle, small, oval ears, and large tail- tuft
are characteristic.

The range includes Borneo, Sumatra, and the Philippines.

The races are distinguishable as follows :

A. Upper skull-length from 18| to 20 inches

(460 to 510 mm.).

a. Size larger.

a'. Last lower molar complex (3 ridges) S. b. barbatus.

b'. Last lower molar simple (2 ridges) S. b. oi.

b. Size smaller.

b'. Skull short and wide S. b. ahcenobarbus.

c. Skull still wider S. b. calamianensis.

d' . Skull longer and narrower S. b. balabacensis.

B. Upper skull-length 22 inches (570 mm.) S. b. gargantua.

Z 2



340 CATALOGUE OP UNGULATES

A. Sus barbatus barbatus.

Typical locality Banjermassin, Borneo.
Size large ; last lower molar complex, with three complete
transverse ridges and a talon.

The range includes several small islands near Borneo.
47. 5. 11. 1 (712, &). Skull, immature. Borneo.

Presented by Capt. Sir Edward Belcher, UN., 1847.
55. 12. 26. 153 (1982, a = 712, a). Skull, wanting some
of the anterior teeth. Borneo.

Presented by Raja Sir James Brooke, 1855.
90. 6. 25. 10. Skull. Baram, N.W. Borneo; collected
by A. H. Everett, Esq. Purchased, 1890.

92. 9. 4. 15. Skull. Baram ; collected by Dr. C. Hose.

Purchased, 1892.
92. 9. 4. 16. Skull. Nish, Baram ; same collector.

Same history.
95. 11. 5. 8. Skeleton. Baram; same collector.

Purchased, 1895.

97. 6. 2. 1. Skull and scalp-skin, female. Kuching,

Sarawak ; collected by Mr. E. Bartlett. Purchased, 1897.

97. 6. 2. 2. Skull, female. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

97. 6. 25. 1. Skin, mounted, and skull. Baram ; collected

by Dr. C. Hose. Purchased (Gerrard), 1897.

0. 3. 30. 10. Skeleton. Marudi, Sarawak ; same collector.

A very large boar. Purchased (Gerrard), 1900.

0. 3. 30. 11. Skull. Baram, Sarawak; same collector.

Same history.
0. 3. 30. 12. Skull. Same locality and collector.

Same history.
0. 3. 30. 13. Skull, female. Sarawak ; same collector.

Same history.
0. 3. 30. 14. Skull, female. Baram ; same collector.

Same history.

0. 3. 30. 15. Skull, female. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

0. 3. 30. 16. Skull, female. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

0. 3. 30. 17. Skull, female. Same locality and collector.

Same history.



SUID.K :J41

10. 4. 5. 132. Skull, immature. Barito Valley, south-
central Borneo ; collected by G. C. Shortridge, Esq.

Presented by 0. Thomax, E*q. y 1910.

10. 4. 5. 1 :.>:>. Skull of a rather older individual. Same
locality and collector. Same history.

10. 4. f>. 158. Skull. Same locality and collector.

/SV nue history.

B. Sus barbatus gapg-antua.

Sus barbatus, Nehring, Zool. Anz. vol. viii, p. 347, 1885 ; Volz, Zool.

Jahrb., Syst. vol. xx, p. 518, 1904.
Sus gargantua, Miller, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxx, p. 743, 1906.

Typical locality S.E. Borneo.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Skull longer upper length 22J inches (570 mm.) and
lower than in typical race, with marked overhanging of the
occipital surface.

No specimen in collection, unless Nos. 10. 4. 5. 132-3
and 10. 4. 5. 158, entered under the heading of the preceding
race, should belong to the present one.

C. Sus barbatus oi,

Sus oi, Miller, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xv, p. 51, 1902,
Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxx, p. 791, pis. xl, etc. 1906, vol. xxxi,
p. 255, 1906 ; Lydekker, Field, vol. civ, p. 327, 1904 ; Jentink,
Notes Ley den Mus. vol. xxvi, p. 155, pis. iii and iv, 1905 ; Kloss,
Journ. Straits Asiat. Soc. vol. xlv, p. 5, 1906; Lyon, Proc. U.S.
Nat. Mus. vol. xxxiv, p. 626, 1908; Thomas and Wroughton,
Journ. Fed. Malay Mus. vol. i, p. 127, 1910.

Sus barbatus, Volz, Zool. Jahrb., Syst. vol. xx, p. 518, 1902 ; Trouessart,
Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 662, 1904 ; Schneider, Zool. Jahrb., Syst.
vol. xxiii, p. 128, 1905.

Typical locality Indragiri Valley, eastern Sumatra : also
occurs on Pulo Kundur, Pulo Batam (opposite Singapore),
and other islands in the Rhio Linga Archipelago.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Stated to differ from typical Bornean race by the
shortness of the last lower molar, which has two transverse
ridges and a talon (which may be so large as to simulate
a third ridge) ; and by the rather larger bodily size.

No specimen in collection.



342 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES



D. Sus barbatus ahaenobarbus.

Sus ahaenobarbus, Huet, Le Naturaliste, vol. ii, p. 5, 1888, partim ;

Nehring, Sitzber. Ges. nat. Freunde, 1894, p. 190 ; Major, Ann.

Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 6, vol. xix, p. 535, 1897 ; Elliot, Cat.Mamm.

Field Mus. (Field Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. viii) p. 32, 1907 ; Hollister,

Philippine Journ. Sci. sect. D, vol. vii, p. 38, 1912, Proc. U.S.

Nat. Mus. vol. xlvi, p. 338, 1913; Dehaut, Zool. et Pal. Corse et

Sardaigne, p. 64, pi. iv, A, 1912.
Sus barbatus var. palavensis, Nehring, Abh. Zool. Mus. Dresden, 1889,

pp. 22 and 32, Sitzber. Ges. nat. Freunde, 1890, p. 11 ; Major,

Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 6, vol. xix, p. 535, 1907.
Sus barbatus ahaenobarbus, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm. p. 894, 1899,

Suppl. p. 662, 1904.
Sus barbatus palavensis, Hollister, Philippine Journ. Sci. sect. D,

vol. vii, p. 38, 1912, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xlvi, p. 338, 1913.

Typical locality Palawan, between Borneo and Mindoro,
Philippines.

A dwarf race of the species, with a relatively short and
wide skull, measuring 12 inches (304 mm.) in length, by
5| inches .(145 mm.) in breadth.

The skull figured by Huet as that of the present race
really belongs to his S. marchei ( = $. c. philippensis), and
vice versa.

No specimen in collection.

E. Sus barbatus balabacensis.

Sus barbatus balabacensis, Major, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 6,
vol. xix, p. 534, 1897 ; Hollister, Philippine Journ. Sci. sect. D,
vol. vii, p. 38, 1912, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xlvi, p. 338, 1913.

Typical locality Balabac, between Borneo and Palawan,
Philippines.

Skull longer and narrower than that of S. ~b. ahcenobarlus,
the length being 12 inches (313 mm.), and the width
5 inches (126 mm.).

94. 6. 8. 7. Skull, aged female. Balabac ; collected by
A. H. Everett, Esq. Purchased, 1894.

94. 6. 8. 8. Skull. Same locality and collector. Type.

Same history.

94. 6. 8. 9. Skull, old female. Same locality and
collector. Same history.

94. 6. 8. 10. Skull, immature female. Same locality
and collector. Same history.



SUID^E 343

F. Sus barbatus calamianensis.

Sus calamianensis, Heude, Mem. Hist. Nat. Emp. Chinois, vol. ii,

p. 114, pi. xx B, fig. 2, 1892 ; HolUster, Philippine Journ. Sci.

sect. D, vol. vii, p. 38, 1912.
Sus barbatus var. calamianensis, Nehring, Sitzber. Ges. nat. Freunde,

vol. xxxvi, p. 191, 1894, Zool. Garten, p. 46, 1895 ; Major, Ann.

Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 6, vol. xix, p. 535, 1897.
Sus barbatus calamianensis, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm. p. 825, 1899.

Typical locality Calamianes, Philippines ; also occurs on
Calion Island, in the Calamianes group.

Skull broader than in S. 1. ahamobarbus, the length being
12^ inches (315 mm.), and the width 6 inches (146 mm.).

No specimen in collection.



2. SUBGENUS PORCULA.

Porcula, Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, vol. xvi, p. 423, 1847 ;
Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1868, p. 33.

Size very small ; tail short ; three pairs of teats.
Eestricted to the forest-tract at the foot of the Eastern
Himalaya.

VIII. SUS (POECULA) SALVANIUS.

Porcula salvania, Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, vol. xvi,
pp. 423 and 503, pis. xii and xiii, 1847, vol. xvii, pt. 2, p. 48,
pi. xxvii, 1848, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1847, p. 115; Horsfield, Proc.
Zool. Soc. 1853, p. 192, pi. xxxvii ; Gray, ibid. 1868, p. 33, Cat.
Carnivora, etc. Brit. Mus. p. 340, 1869, Hand-List Thick-skinned.
Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 65, 1873 ; Jerdon, Mamm. India, p. 244,
1867 ; Anderson, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1869, p. 470 ; Sclater, ibid.



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