British Museum (Natural History). Dept. of Zoology.

Catalogue of the ungulate mammals in the British Museum (Natural History) (Volume 4) online

. (page 28 of 36)
Online LibraryBritish Museum (Natural History). Dept. of ZoologyCatalogue of the ungulate mammals in the British Museum (Natural History) (Volume 4) → online text (page 28 of 36)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


1882, p. 546, pi. xxxvi ; Sterndale, Mamm. India, p. 421, 1884 ;
W. L. Sclater, Cat. Mamm. Ind. Mus. pt. ii, p. 195, 1891 ;
Stehlin, Abh. schweiz. pal. Ges. vol. xxvi, p. 28, pi. xvii, 1899 ;
Beddard, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1909, p. 170.

Sus salvanius, Garson, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1883, p. 413 ; Blanford,
Fauna Brit. India, Mamm. p. 363, 1891 ; Flower and Lydekker,
Study of Mammals, p. 285, 1891 ; Lydekker, Great and Small
Game of India, etc. p. 266, 1900, Game Animals of India, etc.
p. 285, 1907.

Sus salvianus, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm. p. 827, 1898, errorim.

Sus (Porcula) salvianus, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 663, 1904.

Typical locality the Sikhirn Tarai;* the range also
includes that of Nepal and Bhutan.

* The moist forest-tract at the base of the eastern Himalaya.



344 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

Size very small, shoulder-height about 11 J inches; no
distinct spinal crest; ears small and bare; tail very short
(1 inches); no woolly under-fur; general colour brown or
blackish brown ; young striped ; last upper molar in jaw
very short, its length being considerably less than that of
the two teeth immediately in front.

53. 8. 16. 16 (54. 6. 3. 7 [1077, ]). Skull, foot-bones, and
mounted skin. Sikhim Tarai.

Presented ly B. H. Hodgson, Esq., 1853.

53. 8. 16. 17. Young skull and skin. Same locality.

Same history.

1077, 1. Skull. Same locality. Same donor.

58. 6. 24. 71 (1077, d). Skull and skin, the latter
mounted. Same locality. Same donor, 1858.

58. 6. 24. 72 (1077, c). Skeleton. Same locality. Type;
skull figured by Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, vol. xvi,
pi. xxiii. Same history.

79. 11. 21. 666 (1077,/). Skin, mounted, and skull.
Same locality ; collected by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.

Transferred from India Museum, 1879.

79. 11. 21. 667. Skin, young, mounted. Same locality
and collector. Same histoi*y.

II. Genus BABIRUSSA.

Babirussa, Bafinesque, Analyse de Nature, p. 56, 1815 ; Lesson, Man.

Mamm. p. 337, 1827; Gray, Hand-List Thick-skinned Mamm.

Brit. Mus. p. 67, 1873.

Babiroussus, Gray, Med. Bepos. vol. xv, p. 306, 1821.
Babiroussa,*F. Cuvier, Dents Mamm.. p. 257, 1825.
Babyrussa, Burnett, Quart. Journ. Sci. Lit. vol. xxviii, p. 352, 1830.
Porous, Wagler, Nat. Syst. Amphib. p. 17, 1830 ; Stehlin, Abh. sclnveiz.

pal. Ges. vol. xxvii, Appendix, 1900.
Babirusa, Lesson, \Nouv. Tdbl. Begne Anim., Mamm. p. 162, 1842;

Deninger, Ber. nat. Ges. Freiburg, vol. xviii, p. 1, 1910.

Dentition : i. , c. \, p. f , m. f = 34 ; molars, especially
the last, simpler than in Sus ; canines (fig. 51) long, slender,
recurved, growing from persistent pulps, and destitute of
enamel, those of the upper jaw piercing the skin of the face
some distance in advance of the eyes, and not wearing
against the lower pair; in female canines quite small.



srih.r.

Young probably without stripes. The genus is regarded by
Stehlin as related to Sus vcrruco&us.

The range is restricted to the islands of Boru and Celebes.

Deninger, who adopts Stehlin's theory of the " neobuno-
dontism " of the molar teeth of the Suina (supra, p. 305), is
of opinion that Babirussa is nearly related to the selenodont
genus Merycopotctmus, of the Indian Siwaliks ; both genera
agreeing in the parallelism of the two lines of cheek-teeth,
the general contour and small size of these teeth, the form
and direction of the tusks, and certain other features.

BABIRUSSA BABYEUSSA.

Sus babyrussa, Linn. Syst. Nat. ed. 10, vol. i, p. 50, 1758, ed. 12,
vol. i, p. 104, 1766 ; Erxleben, Syst. Eegn. Anim. p. 188, 1777 ;
Desmarest, Mammalogie, vol. ii, p. 391, 1822 ; Griffith, Animal
Kingdom, vol. iii, p. 408, 1827 ; Schinz, Natuges. Sdugetli. p. 247,
1824, Synop. Mamm. p. 352, 1845.

Aper orientalis, Brisson, Eegn. Anim. p. 76, 1762.

Babirussa alfurus, Lesson, Nouv. Tabl. Eegne Anim., Mamm. p. 162,
1849.

Babirusa babirusa, Deninger, Ber. nat. Ges. Freiburg, vol. xviii, p. 4,
1910.

Babirusa orientalis, Ward, Records of Big Game, ed. 6, p. 461, 1910.

BABIRUSA.

Size relatively small and build slender ; ears small and
pointed ; skin rugose and nearly bare, or smooth and hairy.
Typical locality Boru.
The two races are distinguished as follows :

A. Skin smoother, skull shorter and broader B. b. babyrussa.

B. Skin rougher, skull longer and narrower B.b. celeb ensis.

A. Babirussa babyrussa babyrussa.

Typical locality Boru (between Celebes and Cerain).

Skin comparatively smooth, clothed with short bristly
hairs, thickest at root of tail ; general colour whitish grey,
tinged, especially on head, with yellow, female and young
darker; skull short and broad, with tips of nasals not
narrowed to a point between roots of canines.

60. 8. 27. 6 (718,0. Skull. Collected by Dr. A. E.
Wallace, O.M. ; entered in Gray's Hand-List as having been



346 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

obtained in Borneo, but probably the specimen mentioned
in Wallace's Malay Arcliepelago, small ed. p. 299, as having
been collected in Boru. Purchased, 1860.



B. Babirussa babyrussa celebensis.

Sus babirussa, Quoy and Gaimard, Voyage Astrolabe, Zool. vol. i,
p. 125, pis. xxii and xviii, 1830; F. Cuvier, Hist. Nat. Mamm.
vol. iv, pis. 300-302, 1842 ; nee Sus babyrussa, Linn.

Sus babirousa, Jardine, Naturalist's Libr., Mamm. vol. v, p. 216,
pi. xxiii, 1836.

Porcus babyrussa, Wagner, Schreber's Sdugthierc, Suppl. vol. iv,
p. 301, 1844, vol. v, p. 509, 1855 ; SteJilin, Abh. schweiz. pal. Ges.
vol. xxvii, Appendix, 1900.

Sus babyrussa, Schinz, Synop. Mamm. p. 352, 1845; nee Linn.

Babirussa alfurus, Sclater, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1860, p. 443, pi. Ixxxiii ;

Gray, ibid. 1868, p. 42, Cat. Carnivora, etc. Brit. Mus. p. 349,

1869, Hand-List Thick-skinned Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 67, 1873 ;

Flower and Garson, Cat. Osteol. Mus. R. Coll. Surg. pt. ii, p. 356,

1884 ; nee Lesson.
Sus babirusa, Guillemard, Cruise of " Marchesa," ed. 2, p. 326,

1889.

Babirusa alfurus, Flower and Lydekker, Study of Mammals, p. 287,
1891 ; LydeMer, Horns and Hoofs, p. 364, 1893 ; Meyer, Abh.
Zool. Mus. Dresden, vol. vi. p. 15, 1897 ; Sarasin, Celebes, vol. iii,
p. 108, 1901, vol. v, p. 37, 1905 ; Beddard, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1909,
p. 172 ; nee Lesson.

Babirusa celebensis, Deninger. Ber. Ges. nat. Freiburg, vol. xviii, p. 7,
1910 ; Lydekker, Ward's Records of Big Game, ed. 7, p. 460, 1914.

Typical locality Celebes ; the range includes some of the
neighbouring islands.

Skin furrowed and wrinkled, nearly bare in adult ;
general colour brownish grey ; skull narrow, with the tips of
the nasals forming a sharp point between the bases of the
canines.

60. 8. 27. 7 (718, m). Skull, immature. Collected by
Dr. A. E. Wallace, O.M., probably in Celebes.

Purchased, 1860.

71. 5. 19. 7. Skin, mounted. Celebes.

Purchased (Zoological Society), 1871.

96. 6. 24. 2. Skin, mounted. Lipopang, Celebes ; col-
lected by Dr. C. Hose. Purchased (Gerrard), 1896.

0. 3. 30. 18. Skull. Same locality and coUector.

Purchased (Gerrard), 1900.



SUID.E 347

0. 3. 30. 19. Skull. Same locality and collector.

Same history .

1. 10. 3. 1. Skull. Monano, Minahassa, Northern
Celebes. Presented ly N. Samwell, Esq., 1901.

9. 11. 30. 1. Skull. Soemalta, northern coast of Celebes.
Presented ly A. S. Williams, Esq., 1909.
9. 11. 30. 2. Skull, wanting tusks. Same locality.

Same history.




FIG. 51. SKULL OF BABIBUSA (Babirussa babyrussa celebensis).
From Gray, Hand-List of Thick-skinned Mammals.

Of the following specimens the localities are not definitely
known, so that they may possibly include representatives of
the preceding as well as of the present race :

718, a. Skull. No history.

718, j. Skull. No history.

718, i. Skeleton. Purchased (Zoological Society).

38. 4. 16. 32 (718, 6). Skull. Purchased (Stevens), 1838.
46. 3. 13. 3 (718, d). Skull (fig. 51). Figured in Gray's
Hand-List, pi. xxvii, fig. 2 Purchased (Argent), 1846.

48. 12. 6. 1 (718, e). Skull. Purchased (Stevens), 1848.
51. 10.23. 1(718,0). Skull.

Presented bij G. Daniels, Esq., 1851.



348 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

58. 5. 4. 43 (718, h). Skull.

Purchased (Zoological Society], 1858.

59. 8. 16. 4 (718, k). Skull. " Borneo " = (?) Boru.

Purchased (Wright), 1.859.

67. 4. 12. 209. Skull, young. Figured in Gray's Hand-
List, pi. xxvii, fig. 1.

Lidth de Jeude Collection, purchased, 1867.
67. 4. 12. 221 (718, o). Skull. Same history.

67. 4. 12. 222 (718, p). Skull. Same history.

67. 4. 12. 223 (718, q). Skull. Figured in Seba's The-
saurus, vol. i, pi. ii, fig. 3, 1734. Same history.



III. Genus POTAMOCHCERUS.

Koiropotamus, Gray, List Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. xxvii, 1843, nomen
nudum.

Choiropotamus, Gray, List. Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 185, 1843, Ann.
Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 2, vol. x, p. 282, 1852 ; nee Chceropotamus,
Cuvier, 1822.

Potamochcerus, Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1852, p. 129, 1854, Ann. Mag.
Nat. Hist. ser. 2, vol. xv, p. 65, 1855, ser. 4, vol. xi, p. 434, 1873,
Oat. Carnivora, etc. Brit. Mus. p. 340, 1869, Hand List Thick-
skinned, Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 56, 1873 ; Major, Proc. Zool. Soc.
1897, p. 359 ; Stehlin, Abh. schweiz. pal. Ges. vol. xxvi, p. 70,
1899 ; W. L. Sclater, Fauna S. Africa, Mamm,. vol. i, p. 273,
1900.

Nyctochcerus, Heuglin, Nova Ada Ac. Ctes. Leop.-Car. vol. xxx,
Nachtrag 2, p. 7, 1863.

Dentition : i. f , c. -}-, p. 4, m. |- = 42 ; teeth of the same
general character as in Sus, but the canines (the summits of
the upper pair of which are completely abraded by the lower
ones) smaller and the molars of a relatively simple type,
with thick enamel ; in adult male skulls (fig. 52) a bony
tuberosity or ridge above the root of the upper canine and a
second on the sheath of the same, the upper ridge in aged
individuals developing a horny capsule ; ears with terminal
tufts of long hairs ; coat more abundant, less bristly, and
frequently much more brightly coloured than in Sus. Young
striped.

The thickness of the enamel of the molars, coupled with
their simple structure, suggests affinity with Stis celebensis
and S. verrucosus.



SUID.E 349

At the present day the genus is restricted to Ethiopian
Africa and Madagascar, but Stehlin is of opinion that certain
large swine from the lower Pliocene of Attica and India,
originally described as Sus crymantkius, S. giganteus, and
S. titan, really belong to Potamochcerus.

The following is a " key " to the species :

A. Coat long, sparse, and more or less dark in

adult ; dorsal crest long and mainly black ;
facial tuberosities strongly developed.

a. Parietal region of upper surface of skull

shorter.

a'. Muzzle more slender (?) P. larvatus.

b'. Muzzle less slender (?) P. chceropotamus.

b. Parietal region of upper surface of skull longer P. hassama.

B. Coat and facial tuberosities as in A ; colour and

colour-pattern as in B P. intermedius.

c. Coat shorter, denser, and more or less rufous ;
dorsal crest short and white ; facial tuber-
osities less developed than in A P. porcus.

I. POTAMOCHCERUS LARVATUS.

Sus larvatus, F. Cuvier, Mem. Mus. Paris, vol. viii, p. 447, pi. xxii,
1822.

Phascochcerus larvatus, Jardinc, Naturalist's Libr., Mamm. vol. v,
p. 232, 1836, partim.

Choiropotamus africanus, Gray, List Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 185, 1843,
partim.

Potamochcerus africanus, Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1852, p. 131, 1854,
1868, p. 34, Cat. Carnivora, etc. Brit. Mus. p. 341, 1869, Hand-
List Thick-skinned Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 56, 1873, partim.

Potamochcerus madagascariensis, Grandidier, Rev. Mag. Zool. 1867,
p. 85.

Potamochcerus edwardsi, Grandidier, Rev. Mag. Zool. 1867, p. 318 ;
Gray, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 4, vol. xv, p. 45, 1875 ; Sclater,
Proc. Zool. Soc. 1894, p. 92.

Potamochcerus larvatus, Major, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1897, p. 363,
pis. xxv and xxvi, fig. 2 ; Stehlin, Abh. schweiz. pal. Ges.
vol. xxvi, p. 17, pi. x, 1899 ; Rothschild, Powell-Cotton's Abys-
sinia, p. 481, 1902, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1906, p. 632; Lonnberg,
Arkiv Zool. vol. vii, no. 6, p. 28, 1910.

Macrocephalus larvatus, Elliot, Cat. Mamm. Field Mus. (Field Mus.
Zool. Pub. vol. viii) p. 34, 1907.

Typical locality Western Madagascar; the range also
including the eastern districts of that island.

Chiefly distinguished from the next, and typical, species
by its smaller size, and, it is said, th more slender muzzle.



350 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

The alleged absence of flattening and lateral angulation in
the nasal region, and the massiveness and simple character
of the premolars, do not appear to be constant characters.
Coloration almost indistinguishable from that of some of
the eastern representatives of the next species.

As the name larvatus antedates cheer opotamus, the former
inust stand if the insular and continental forms are regarded
as specifically inseparable.

The two Malagasy races are chiefly distinguished by size.

A. Potamoehcerus larvatus larvatus.

Typical (and only) locality Western Madagascar.
Size relatively small, with the flat portion of parietal
region of skull narrow (16 mm.).
No specimen in the collection.

B. Potamoehcerus larvatus hova.

Potamochcerus larvatus hova, Lonnberg, Arkiv Zool. vol. vii, no. 6,
p. 32, 1910.

Typical (and only) locality Eastern Madagascar.

Larger than typical race, with the facial profile still
straighter, and the parietal region wider (26 to 40 mm.).

74. 3. 11. 1 (1659, a). Skin, mounted, and skull, young.
Ambodiagne, west of Antananarivo ; collected by Mr. E.
Bartlett. Purchased, 1874.

74. 10. 9. 1 (1659, b). Skull. Tamatave Forest ; colJected
by Mr. A. Crossley. Figured by Gray, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist.
op. cit. pi. iv. Purchased, 1874.

97. 9. 1. 162. Skull .and skin. Ampitambe, Eastern
Madagascar ; collected by Dr. C. J. Forsyth Major. Type.

Purchased, 1897.

8. 3. 25. 1. Skin, mounted. Madagascar.

Purchased, 1908.

II. POTAMOCHCEEUS CHCEKOPOTAMUS.

Sus africanus, Gmelin, Linn.'s Syst. Nat. vol. i, p. 220, 1788;
Schreber, Saugthiere, vol. i, p. 327, 1791 ; Thunberg, Mem. Ac.
Sci. St. Peter sb. vol. iii, p. 320, 1811 ; Blainville, Osteographie,
Sus, pi. viU, fig. 1, partim ; Flower and LydeJcker, Study of



SUID.E 351

Mammals, p. 286, 1891 ; Lydekker, Horns and Hoofs, p. 362,

1893.
Sus koiropotamus, Desrnoulins, Diet. Class. Hist. Nat. vol. xvii,

p. 139, pi. cxxxix, fig. 2, 1831.
Phascochoerus choeropotamus, Lesson, Nouv. Tdbl. Regne Anim.,

Mamm. p. 162, 1842.
Potamochcerus africanus, Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1852, p. 131, 1854,

1858, p. 58, pi. lix, 1860, p. 443, 1868, p. 34, Cat. Carnivora, etc.

Brit. Mus. p. 341, 1869, Hand-List Thick-skinned Mamm. Brit.

Mus. p. 56, 1873 ; Flower and Gar son, Cat. Osteol. Mus. R. Coll.

Surg. pt. ii, p. 355, 1884; Bocage, Journ. Sci. Lisboa, 1890,

p. 29 ; Matschie, Sdugeth. Deutsch-Ost-Afrika, p. 101, 1895.
Sus capensis, Gerrard, Cat. Bones Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 277, 1862,

nomen nudum.
Potamochcerus chceropotamus, Major, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1897, p. 366;

W. L. Sclater, Fauna S. Africa, Mamm. vol. i, p. 274, 1900;

Rothschild, Powell-Cotton 1 s Abyssinia, p. 481, 1902, Proc. Zool.

Soc. 1906, p. 632; Lydekker, Game Animals of Africa, p. 391,

1908 ; Lonnberg, Arkiv Zool. vol. vii, no. 6, p. 14, 1910 ; Cabrera,

Cat. Met. Mam. Mus. Madrid, p. 133, 1912 ; Ward, Records of

Big Game, ed. 6, p. 456, ed. 7, p. 455, 1914.
Sus choeropotamus, Lydekker, Great and Small Game of Africa,

p. 523, 1899.
Sus larvatus, Nicolls and Eglington, Sportsman in S. Africa, p. 78,

1892.

Potamochcerus capensis, Rothschild, Powell-Cotton's Abyssinia,
p. 481, 1902.

Potamochcerus koiropotamus, Allen, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist.
vol. xxxiii, p. 339, 1914.

BOSCH-VARK; Busn-PiG.

Typical locality probably South Africa.

The type species.

Larger than P. larvatus, to which it is in other respects
very similar ; typically the coat long, and intermingled with
elongated bristles, between which the skin is frequently
visible ; dorsal crest strongly developed, often extending
forward to ears, its constituent bristles dark brown or
blackish, with more or less conspicuous white tips ; ears,
inclusive of margins and tufts, black externally ; forehead
generally grey ; a broad blackish ring on muzzle in advance
of the tuberosities ; general colour variable, but frequently
dark grey or blackish ; in old males the facial tuberosities
strongly developed (fig. 52), the upper ones forming a pair
of convex crests elevated considerably above the nasal plane,
and the second pair reaching that plane ; postorbital portion
of skull relatively short.



352



CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES



The range includes Southern, Central, and Eastern Africa
as far north as Kenia, British East Africa.




FIG. 52. SKULL OP SOUTHERN BUSH-PIG

(Potamochcerus chosropotamus).
From Gray, Hand-List of Thick-skinned Mammals.

The following is a provisional " key " to the species :

A. Eyes not ringed with black.

a. Parietal region of skull broad (39 to 44 mm.

or more).

a'. Muzzle with a black ring P. c. choeropotamus.

V. Muzzle wholly black P. c.johnstoni.

b. Parietal region of medium width (24 to

26 mm.) P. c. maschona.

c. Parietal region very narrow (15 to 18 mm.).
c'. Colour very dark, largely black, black

and rufous when immature P. c. dcemonis.

d'. Colour less dark, mingled black and

rufous, mainly rufous when immature... P. c. nyasce.

B. Eyes with black rings P. c. keniw.



A. Potamoehcerus ehceropotamus choeropotamus.

Sus choeropotamus typicus, Lydekker, Great and Small Game of
Africa, p. 523, 1899.

Typical locality South (?) Africa.

Colour variable, but very generally dark grey ; parietal
region of skull relatively broad, the width in adults reaching
as much as 42 or even 47 inm.

38. 4. 16. 81 (715, a). Skull, female. Damaraland ;



SUIDJB 353

collected by Capt. Sir J. E. Alexander. Type of " Sus
i'i(/>rn.sis." Purchased, 1838.

40. 6. 24. 5. Skin, mounted. Cape Colony.

Purchased (Dr. Krauss), 1840.
40. 6. 24. 6. A similar specimen. Same locality.

Samt history.
40. 6. 24. 7. Skin, young, mounted. Same locality.

Same history.
43. 12. 7. 20. Skin, young. Cape Colony.

Purchased (Verreaux), 1843.

51. 5. 5. 3 (1364, a). Skull (fig. 52). South Africa.
Figured in Gray's Hand-List, pi. xxiii, fig. 2.

Purchased (Argent), 1851.

62. 3. 30. 3 (1364, b). Skeleton (diseased). Probably
South Africa. Purchased (Zoological Society), 1862.

67. 4. 12. 220 (1364, c). Skull. Probably South Africa.
Noticed by Lonnberg, op. cit. p. 16.

Lidth de Jeude Collection, purchased, 1867.
10. 6. 17. 3. Skull. South Africa.

Presented by 0. Thomas, Esq., 1910.



B. Potamoehcerus ehceropotamus maschona.

Potamochcerus chceropotamus maschona, Lonnberg, Arkiv Zool.
vol. vii, no. 6, p. 20, 1910 ; Lydekker, Game Animals of Africa,
Suppl. p. 21, 1911.

Typical locality Coguno, Mashonaland (west of Lake
Nyasa) ; the range includes Portuguese East Africa.

General colour as dark as in typical race, being frequently
rufous brown, more or less intermixed with blackish or black,
but parietal region of skull narrower (24 to 26 mm.) ; dorsal
crest strongly tipped with white.

3. 6. 4. 2. Skull. Mazoe, Mashonaland, N. E. Ehodesia.
Noticed by Lonnberg, op. cit. p. 16.

Presented "by J. ff. Darling, Esq., 1903.

6. 11. 8. 135. Skull, imperfect, and skin. Coguno,
Inhanibane, Mashonaland. Noticed by Lonnberg, op. cit.
p. 21 ; may be regarded as the type ; collected by Mr. C. H. B.
Grant. Presented by C. D. Rudd, Esq., 1906.

9. 12. 4. 91. Skull, imperfect, and skin, immature
iv. 2 A



3F4 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

female. Mperokosa, Northern Ehodesia; collected by S. A,

Neave, Esq. Noticed by Lonnberg, loc, cit. Purchased, 1909.

7. 10. 25. 3. Skull, very old boar. Portuguese East

Africa, probably Beira. Noticed by Lonnberg, op. cit. p. 16.

Presented ly F. V. Kirly, Esq., 1907.

C. Potamoehcerus ehceropotamus daemonis.

Potamochoerus ohoeropotamus daemonis, Major, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1897,
p. 367, pis. xxv, fig. 1, and xxvi, fig. 3 ; Rothschild, ibid. 1906,
p. 632; LydekJcer, Game Animals of Africa, p. 397, 1908;
Lonnberg, Arkiv Zool. vol. vii, no. 6, p. 26, 1910.

Potamochoerus daemonis, Rothschild, Poivell-Cottoris Abyssinia,
p. 481, 1902.

Potamochoerus koiropotamus daemonis, Allen, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat.
Hist. vol. xxxiii, p. 339, 1914.

Typical locality Kilimanjaro, East Africa.

Smaller than the last, and darker than any of the other
races, adults being deep black, and immature individuals
mingled black and rufous, the rufous predominating on the
back and forehead, and black on sides of neck, chest, and
limbs ; flat portion of parietal region narrow (about 18 mm.).

94. 4. 24. 4. Skull and skin, female. Kilimanjaro;
collected by Kev. W. Morris. Type. Noticed by Lonnberg,
op. cit. p. 16, where a Berlin specimen is stated to be the
type. Purchased, 1892.

D. Potamochoerus ehoeropotamus nyasae.

Potamochoerus ehoeropotamus nyasae, Major, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1897,
p. 367, pis. xxv, fig. 3, and xxvi, fig. 1 ; Thomas, ibid. p. 938 ;
Lydekker, Game Animals of Africa, p. 392, 1908 ; Lonnberg,
ArUv Zool. vol. vii, no. 6, p. 24, 1910 ; Ward, Records of Big
Game, ed. 6, p. 456, 1910.

Sus ehoeropotamus nyasse, LydeTcTcer, Great and Small Game of
Africa, p. 523, 1899.

Potamochoerus nyasae, Rothschild, Powell- Cotton's Abyssinia, p. 481,
1902.

Typical locality Nyasaland.

General colour of adult very dark ; muzzle and fore part
of neck wholly black ; forehead dirty grey mixed with black,
and a black eyebrow-stripe ; dorsal crest commencing behind
ears, where it is much mingled with white ; back and sides
mingled rufous and black, the rufous predominating on the



SUID^E 355

former; tail huffish grey, with hlack tuft. In immature
individuals the rufous much more predominant. Flat portion
of parietal region of skull very narrow (ahout 15 mm.).

93. 5. 2. 43-44. Two skins, young. Zomba, Nyasaland ;

collected by A. Whyte, Esq. Presented ~by

,s'/V B. H. Johnston, G.C.M.G., K.C.B., 1893.

'.).". .">. 0. 4. Skin, mounted, and skull. Same locality
and collector. Same history.

93. 7. 25. 12. Skull, female. Near Lake Mweru, N. E.
Ehodesia ; same collector. Same history.

94. 3. 8. 19. Skull. Same locality ; collected by Sir A.
Sharpe, K.C.M.G., C.B. This and the preceding specimen
are provisionally identified by Major, op. cit. p. 366, with the
race represented by the undermentioned skins ; the present
skull being figured in pis. xxv, fig. 4, and xxvi, fig. 4
(wrongly numbered 94. 3. 18. 9). Both skulls are also
noticed by Lonnberg, op. cit. p. 16, under different racial
headings ; no. 94. 3. 8. 19 being regarded as the type of the
present race, which, according to Major's somewhat confused
account, it is certainly not. Same donor, 1894.

94. 6. 7. 9-10. Two skins, one immature. Zomba and
Mpimbi; collected by A. Whyte, Esq. These and one of
the preceding Nyasa skins must be regarded as the co-types.

Same history.

97. 1. 12. 4. Skin, female, mounted. Nyasaland; same
collector. Same donor, 1907.

97.10.1.260-262. Three skins. Zomba ; same collector.

Same history.

98. 6. 23. 1. Skull. Zomba. Noticed by Lonnberg,
op. cit. p. 16. Presented by Sir Alfred Sharpe,

K.G.M.G., C.B., 1898.
7. 9. 17. 7. Skin, mounted. Southern Nyasaland,

By exchange, 1907.

E. Potamoehcerus choeropotamus johnstoni.

Potainochoerus johnstoni, Major, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1897, p. 367, pis.
xxv, fig. 3, and xxvi, fig. 1 ; Rothschild, Powell- Cotton's Abys-
sinia, p. 481, 1902, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1906, p. 632; Lydelcler,
Game Animals of Africa, p. 395, 1908.

Potamochcerus chceropotomus johnstoni, Lonnberg, Arkiv Zool. vol. vii,
no. 6, p. 22, 1910 ; Lydekker, Game Animals of Africa, Suppl.
p. 21, 1911.

2 A 2



356 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

Typical locality Ngaravi Valley, N. W. Nyasaland.

Size rather larger than in P. c. nyasce ; general colour
very similar to that of typical race, but the muzzle, except
for a whitish spot on each side, wholly black, as are the
limbs, tail-tuft, and a patch on the cheeks ; back, on each side
of the white-tipped dorsal crest, yellowish brown, darkening,
through brown, to black on flanks ; parietal region of skull
very broad (44 mm.).

91. 5. 9. 5. Skull, female. Ngaravi Valley, N. W.
Nyasaland. Type. Noticed by Lonnberg, op. cit. p. 16.

Presented ly Sir H. H. Johnston, G.C.M.G., K.C.B., 1891.

7. 2. 14. 1. Skull and mounted skin, referred to this
race by Lonnberg (op. cit. pp. 16 and 22). Fort Manning,
1ST. E. Ehodesia. Purchased (Ward), 1907.

F. PotamochoBPus ehceropotamus keniae.

Potamochcerus chceropotamus kenise, Lonnberg, Ann. Mag. Nat.
Hist. ser. 8, vol. ix, p. 66, 1912, K. Svenska Vet.-Ak. Handl.
vol. xlviii, no. 5, p. 132, 1912.

Typical locality forests near Nairobi, B. E. Africa.

Type in Eoyal Swedish Museum, Stockholm.



Online LibraryBritish Museum (Natural History). Dept. of ZoologyCatalogue of the ungulate mammals in the British Museum (Natural History) (Volume 4) → online text (page 28 of 36)