British Museum (Natural History). Dept. of Zoology.

Catalogue of the ungulate mammals in the British Museum (Natural History) (Volume 4) online

. (page 3 of 36)
Online LibraryBritish Museum (Natural History). Dept. of ZoologyCatalogue of the ungulate mammals in the British Museum (Natural History) (Volume 4) → online text (page 3 of 36)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


10. 4. 6. 72. A similar specimen. Same locality and

collector. Same history.

10. 4. 6. 73. Another similar specimen. Same locality

and collector. Same history.

B. Muntiacus muntjak moschatus.

Cervulus naoschatus, Blainville, Bull. Soc. Philom. 1816, p. 77.
Muntiacus moschatus, Lyon, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxi, p. 582,
1907.

Typical locality Sumatra.

Type in Museum of Eoyal College of Surgeons.

A very large race, based on an immature skull, still
retaining the last two pairs of milk-molars (No. 1469, Mus.
E. Coll. Surg.). The external ridge of the jugal arcade is
stated to be thicker and more prominent than in M. m.
vaginalis ; colour apparently much the same as in next race.

No specimen in collection.

C. Muntiacus muntjak bancanus.

Cervulus muntjac, Jentink, Notes Leyden Mus. vol. xiii, p. 209, 1891 ;

Willink, Natuurk. Tijdschr. Nederlandsch-Indie, vol. xlv, p. 189,

1905.
Muntiacus bancanus, Lyon, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxi, p. 582,

1907, vol. xl, p. 72, 1911.

Typical locality Banka Island ; also occurs on Billiton
Island.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Closely allied to M. m. moschatus, but smaller ; skull
similar to that of M. m. rulidus (infra, p. 16), but the



16 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

interpterygoid space narrower, and the lachry mo-maxillary
suture longer. General colour rich rufous (between hazel
and ferruginous), darker on middle line of back and paler on
flanks ; on neck and shoulders the ferruginous-hazel washed
with blackish ; crown bright ferruginous hazel.

In his second mention of this muntjac Lyon refers to it
as a smaller race of M. m. rubidus.

No specimen in collection.

D. Muntiacus muntjak pleiharicus.

Cervulus pleiharicus, Kohlbrugge, Natuurk. Tijdschr. Nederlandsch-

Indie, vol. Iv, pt. 2, p. 192, pi. ii, fig. 1, 1896.
Muntiacus pleiharicus, Lyon, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxi, p. 583,

1906, vol. xxxiii, p. 550, 1907, vol. xl, p. 71, 1911.

Typical locality Pleihari, South-eastern Borneo.

A relatively small yellowish or ochre-coloured form, with
an indistinct dark brown dorsal stripe; antler-pedicles
short ; basal length of skull from about 6f to 7 ^g inches
(171-1*78 mm.).

No specimen in collection definitely referable to this
race.

E. Muntiacus muntjak rubidus.

Muntiacus rubidus, Lyon, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xl, p. 73, 1911.

Typical locality Pamukang Bay, S.E. Borneo.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Larger than the preceding race, with the general colour
deep shining rufous (hazel of Lyon), darkening on middle
line of back and everywhere suffused with blackish ; whole
frontal area between antler-pedicles (which are of normal
length) showing a tendency to become black ; antlers
relatively short ; females paler, with less darkening on
middle line of back ; basal length of skull about 7j inches
(185 to 186 mm.).

The skull, which is very similar in this respect to the
somewhat smaller one of M. m. bancamts, differs from that
of M. m. pleiharicus by its superior size, longer and stouter
antler-pedicles, and the presence of a distinct concavity in
the profile at the base of the nasals. This muntjac is,
inferior in size to the Sumatran M. m. moschatus.



T.UVID/E 17

According to Kohlbrugge, its distinctness from M. ///.
pleiharicus is recognised by the natives of Borneo.

79. 5. 3. 21. Frontlet and antlers. Borneo; collected by
A. H. Everett, Esq. Purchased, 1879.

87. 2. 10. 3. Skull and antlers. Eejang Valley, North
Borneo ; collected by H. B. Low, Esq. Purchased, 1887.

89. 1. 8. 8. Skull and skin, female. Baram, North
Borneo ; collected by Dr. C. Hose.

Purchased (Gerrard), 1889.

02. 2. 7. 19. Skull and skin, female. Mount Dulit,
Xorth Borneo; same collector. Purchased (Gerrard), 1892.

93. 3. 4. 10. Skull, with antlers, and skin. Spitang,
North Borneo ; collected by A. H. Everett, Esq. The frontal
area between the pedicles of the antlers is rufous.

Purchased (Gerrard), 1893.

9-4. G. 12. 11. Skull, with antler-pedicles, and skin.
Mount Mulu, Baram Valley, E. Sarawak, N. Borneo ;
collected by Dr. Hose. Whole area between antler-pedicles
black ; the black continuing down nape of neck.

Purchased (Gerrard), 1894.

95. 5. 7. 5. Skull and skin, with antlers in latter,
immature. Miri Valley, Sarawak, N. Borneo ; collected
by Dr. Hose. Forehead and neck coloured as in last
specimen. Purchased (Gerrard), 1895.

95. 5. 7. 6. Skeleton. Mount Skiwa, Sarawak ; same
collector. Same history.

95. 12. 8. 1. Skull and skin, immature. Baram; same
collector. Same history.

99. 12. 9. 83. Skull, with very small antlers, and skin.
Mount Dulit ; same collector. The whole frontal area
between the black pedicle-streaks is dusky, with a tinge of
rufous. Purchased (Gerrard), 1899.

6. 2. 2. 11. Skull, imperfect, with milk-molars, and
skin. Mount Dulit ; same collector.

Purchased (Gerrard), 1900

8. 7. 17. 24. Skull, with cheek-teeth much worn, and
skin, to which the minute antlers are attached. North
Borneo. This specimen indicates that the antlers in this
race are generally small.

Presented by the British North Borneo G'ompany, 1908.

IV. C



18 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

* * * *. Skin, young in spotted coat. Miri, Sarawak ;
collected by Dr. Hose. Purchased.

F. Muntiacus muntjak robinsoni, subsp. n.

Typical locality Ehio Linga Archipelago.

Of the approximate size of M. m. curvostylis (infra), but
with very long and slender antler-pedicles ; basal skull-length
7 inches, in female 6| inches ; length of upper tooth-row
2 T 7 g inches, in female 2^ ; upper part of forehead and bases
of ears in female dull dusky chestnut.

9. 4. 1. 505. Skull, with antlers, and skin. Bin tang
Island, Ehio Linga Archipelago, Malaya ; collected by H. C.
Kobinson, Esq. Basal length of skull 7 inches, length of
upper series of cheek-teeth 2^ inches.

Presented l>y the Government of the Federated Malay

States, 1909.

9. 4. 1. 506. Skull and skin, female. Same locality and
collector. Type. Basal length of skull 6| inches, length of
upper series of cheek-teeth 2^g inches. Same history.

G. Muntiacus muntjak peninsulse, subsp. n.

Typical locality Pulu Pangkor, off Malay Peninsula.

A very large race, with moderately stout antler-pedicles
and antlers ; basal skull-length in type (female) 7i inches ;
length of upper series of cheek-teeth about 2J inches ; *
upper part of forehead and bases of ears (in female) bright
chestnut.

79. 11. 21. 256. Skull and skin, immature; the former
still retaining milk-teeth. Wellesley Province, Malay
Peninsula ; collected by Dr. J. Cantor,

Transferred from India Museum, 1879.

3. 2. 6. 78. Skull, with antlers. Biserat, Malay
Peninsula. The cheek-teeth are but little worn, and of
approximately the same size as in the next specimen.

Presented by Messrs. H. C. Robinson and
N. Annandale, 1903.

10. 10. 1. 106. Skull and skin, female. Pulu Pangkor,

* This dimension varies considerably with age in all the races.



CERVID.E 19

off Malay Peninsula ; collected by H. C. Robinson, Esq.
Type. Basal skull-length 7j inches, length of upper tooth-
row 2 J inches. The contrast between this specimen, in which
the teeth are much worn, and the type of M. m. robinsoni
(9. 4. 1. 506) in the matter of size is very striking.

Presented ~by the Government of the Federated Malay

States, 1910.

0. 8. 4. 12. Frontlet and antlers, the latter very large.
Singapore. This specimen, which represents an aged animal,
would apparently agree well in size with the preceding.

Presented ly Dr. C. Hose, 1900.

H, Muntiacus muntjak eurvostylis.

Cervulus eurvostylis, Gray, Cat. Ruminants Brit. Mus. p. 94, 1872,

Hand-List Ruminants Brit. Mus. p. 165, 1873.
Cervulus muntjac eurvostylis, Ward, Records of Big Game, ed. 6,

p. 81, 1910, ed. 7, p. 80, 1914.

Typical locality Siam.

Founded on a deformed skull, in which the antler-
pedicles are abnormally bent downwards, backwards, and
outwards. Size medium (length of upper row of cheek-teeth
in type 2^ inches) ; general colour orange-tawny, fading
to buffish on neck and under-parts.

61. 6. 1. 8 (1619, a). Skull, with antler-pedicles
(deformed) and bases of antlers. Pachebone, Siam ; collected
by Monsieur Mouhot. Type. Purchased, 1861.

78. 6. 17. 17. Skull and skin, immature. Siam or
Cambodia. Presented ly Monsieur Pierre, 1878.

98. 10. 21. 7. Skin, immature female. Chantabori,
Siam. Presented ly Capt. S. S. Flower, 1898.

14. 6. 18. 36. Frontal portion of skull, with antlers.
Mi-tau Forest, Kaheng, Siam ; collected by Karens.

Presented ly C. S. Barton, Esq., 1914.

14. 8. 22. 23. Body-skin. S. W. Siam.

Presented ly K. G. Gairdncr, Esq., 1914.



20 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

I. Muntiacus muntjak grandicornis.

Cervulus muntjac grandicornis, Lydekker, Field, vol. civ, p. 780, 1904,
Game Animals of India, etc. p. 261, 1907 ; Ward, Records of
Big Game, ed. 6, p. 80, 1910, ed. 7, p. 80, 1914.

Muntiacus grandicornis, Lyon, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. vol. xxxi,
p. 583, 1907 ; Wroughton, M.S. 1914.

Typical locality Amherst district, Burma.

A large race (basal length of skull about 7j inches, length
of upper row of cheek-teeth about 2 T 7 6 - inches), with very
large and massive antlers (length in type 6f inches, basal
girth 4J inches) ; general colour tawny ochery, with the
grizzled nuchal area not extending behind the shoulders ;
hairs dull pale brown at the base, and the basal portion not
paler than that above. The size is approximately as in the
typical Javan race, and larger than in Indian muntjacs ;
while the colour is much duller and browner than in the
Bornean and Malay races, with more brown on the fronts of
the legs than is usually present in the latter.

4. 9. 23. 1. Skull, imperfect at hind part of base, with

antlers. Thouagyen Forest, Amherst district, Burma. Type.

Presented by D. H. Allen, Esq., 1904.

79. 11. 21. 190. Skull, with antlers, which are small.
The cheek-teeth are less worn than in the preceding specimen,
but the length of the whole row is approximately the same,
although the basi-cranial length is less (7 inches).

Transferred from India Museum, 1879.

94. 12. 19. 6-7. Two skulls, with antlers, provisionally

identified with this race. Lower Chindwin Valley, Upper

Burma. In the second specimen (7) the antlers are small,

the pedicles very slender, and the molars but slightly worn.

Presented by C. F. Gilbert, Esq., 1894.

96. 5. 6. 1. Fragmentary skull and skin, young. Thibau,
western Shan States. Presented by E. W. Oates, Esq., 1896.

98. 2. 13. 1. Skin, mounted. Burma.

Purchased (Gerrard), 1898.

14. 12. 8. 239. Skull and skin. Thaget, Little Tenasserim
Eiver ; collected by G. C. Shortridge, Esq.

Presented by the Bombay Natural History Society, 1914.

14. 12. 8. 240. Skull and skin. Same locality and
collector. Same history.



CERV1D/E 21

14. 12. 8. 241. Skull and skin, female. Same locality

and collector. Same history,

14. 12. 8. 242. Skull and skin, female. Same locality

and collector. Same history.



J. Muntiacus muntjak vaginalis.

Cervus vaginalis, Boddaert, Elenclms Anim. vol. i, p. 136, 1785.
Cervus moschatus, H. Smith, Griffith's Animal Kingdom, vol. iv,

p. 147, 1827 ; nee Cervulus moschatus, Blainville.
Cervus (Stylocerus) moschatus, H. Smith, Griffith's Animal Kingdom,

vol. v, p. 319, 1827.
Cervus ratwa, Hodgson, Asiat. Researches, vol. xviii, pt. 2, p. 139, 1833,

Proc. Zool. Soc. 1834, p. 99; Ogilby, Boyle's Illustr. Bot.

Himalaya, p. Ixxiii, 1839 ; Scliinz, Synop. Mamm. vol. ii,

p. 549, 1844.

Cervus melas, Ogilby, Boyle's Illustr. Bot. Himalaya, p. Ixxiii, 1839.
Stylocerus ratwa, Hodgson, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, vol. x,

p. 914, 1841.
Muntjacus vaginalis, Gray, List Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 173, 1843,

Cat. Hodgson Collect, p. 31, 1846.

(?) Cervus stylocerus, Schinz, Synop. Mamm. vol. ii, p. 549, 1844.
Prox ratva, Sundevall, K. Svenslta Vet.-Ak. Handl. 1844, p. 85, 1846 ;

Fitzinger, Sitzber. k. Ale. Wiss. Wien, vol. Ixviii, pt. 1, p. 362,

1873, vol. Ixxix, pt. 1, p. 41, 1879.
Prox albipes, Sundevall, loc. cit. 1846 ; Fitzinger, op. cit. vol. Ixviii,

p. 362, 1873, vol. Ixxix, p. 42, 1879.
Prox stylocerus, Sundevall, loc. cit. 1846 ; Fitzinger, loc. cit. 1873

and 1879.

Prox melas, Sundevall, loc. cit. 1846.
Stylocerus muntjacus, Kelaart, Podromus Faunae Zeylan. p. 85, 1852 ;

nee Cervus muntjak, Zimmermann.
Cervulus vaginalis, Adams, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1858, p. 536; Blyth,

Cat. Mamm. Mus. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, p. 154, 1863; Swinlioe,

Proc. Zool. Soc. 1869, p. 652, 1870, p. 644.
Styloceros muntjac, Cantor, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, vol. xv,

p. 269, 1846 ; nee Cervus muntjak, Zimmermann.
Cervulus moschatus, Gray, Knowsley Menagerie, p. 65, 1850, Proc.

Zool. Soc. 1850, p. 234, Cat. Ungulata Brit. Mus. p. 218, 1852,

Cat. Buminants Brit. Mus. p. 93, 1872, Hand-List Buminants

Brit. Mus. p. 163, 1873 ; Horsfield, Cat. Mamm. E. India Mus.

p. 190, 1851 ; Gerrard, Cat. Bones Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 263, 1862 ;

nee Blainville.
Cervulus aureus, Jerdon, Mamm. India, p. 264, 1867; Blyth, Cat.

Mamm. and Birds Burma, p. 46, 1875 ; Sterndale, Mamm.

India, p. 500, 1884; Percy, Big Game Shooting (Badminton

Libr.), vol. ii, p. 288, 1894 ; partim.
Cervulus muntjac tamulicus, Ward, Becords of Big Game, ed. 6,

p. 81, 1910.



22 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

Muntiacus vaginalis, Wroughton, Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc.
vol. xxi, p. 825, 1912; Eyley (Miss), ibid. vol. xxii, p. 512, 1913;
Dodsworth, ibid. vol. xxii, p. 747, 1914.

Cervulus muntjac vaginalis, Lydekker, Ward's Eecords of Big Game,
ed. 7, p. 80, 1914.

Typical locality Bengal.

No specimens from the typical locality are available, so
that the identification of the sub-Himalayan ratwa (from
which the definition is taken) with this race is provisional.

Somewhat smaller than M. m. grandicornis, with slighter
antlers, and the general colour bright chestnut (cinnamon
rufous), scarcely paler on flanks, but distinctly so on under-
parts ; hairs pale at base ; length of upper series of cheek-
teeth about 2J inches ; basicranial length about 7 J inches.

Some of the specimens of which the locality is unknown
may belong to one or other of the next two races.

* * * *. Skin, female, mounted. India. No history.
25, a. Skin. India.

Bequeathed by Gen. T. Hardwicke, 1835.

* * * *. Skull, with antlers, and skin. Nepal.

Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq.
43. 1. 12. 123. Skin. Nepal.

Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq., 1843.

43. 1. 26. 13. Skull, with antlers. Nepal. Type of

Cervulus ratwa. Same history.

45. 1. 8. 189 (701, h). Skull, with minute antlers. Nepal.

Same donor, 1845.

45. 1. 8. 190 (701, a). Skull, with small antlers. Nepal.

Same history.
45. 1. 8. 191 (701, 0- Skull, young. Nepal.

Same history.
45. 1. 8. 192 (701, k). Frontlet and antlers. Nepal.

Same history.
45. 1. 8. 193 (701, /). Frontlet and antlers. Nepal.

Same history.

45. 1. 8. 336. Skin and skull (47. 4. 10. 6), immature
female, skull imperfect. Nepal. Same history.

701, d, r, s. Three skulls. Nepal. Same history.

48. 6. 11. 24. Skull, immature. Sikhim.

Same donor, 1848.



CERVID.E 23

48. 6. 11. 25. Skull, young. Sikhim. Same history.

56. 5. 6. 63. Skull, female. Darjiling; collected by W.
Theobald, Esq. Presented ly Dr. T. Oldham, 1856.

56. 5. 6. 64. Skull, immature female. Same locality and
collector. Same history.

.">S. 6. 24. 11-13. Three skins, immature. Sikhim.

Presented ly B. H. Hodgson, Esq., 1858.

58. 6. 24. 14. Skin. Sikhim. Same history.

58. 6. 25. 15. Skull and skin, young. Sikhim.

Same history.

58. 6. 24. 182-184. Three skin-covered frontlets, with
antlers. Sikhim. Same history.

79. 11. 21. 191. Skull, with antlers, and head-skin.
Dehra Dun ; collected by Capt. J. Hutton.

Transferred from India Museum, 1879.

79. 11. 21. 192. Skull, imperfect/and head-skin, female.
Same locality and collector. Same history:

79. 11. 21. 193. Skin, young in spotted coat. Same
locality and collector. Same history.

91. 8. 7. 45. Skull, imperfect, with large antlers. Berar.
Length of upper series of cheek-teeth 2J inches ; the antlers
are smaller and their pedicles rather longer than in the type
of M. m. grandicornis (4. 9. 23. 1).

Presented ly A. 0. Hume, Esq., C.B., 1891.

91. 8. 7. 46. Skull, with antlers. Mussurie.

Same history.

91. 8. 7. 47. Skull, with antlers. Garo Hills ; collected
by G. P. Sanderson, Esq. Same history.

91. 8. 7. 48. Skull, with antlers. Same locality and
collector. Same histm*y.

0. 7. 4. 1. Skin, mounted, rnelanistic phase. Darjiling.
Presented ly M. G. Jukes, Esq., 1900.

12. 10. 31. 14. Skull, with antlers, which measure 6J inches
in length, with a girth of 3, and a tip-to-tip interval of
3| inches. Bequeathed ly A. 0. Hume, Esq., C.B., 1912.

14.11.31.3. Skull and skin. Twinywa, near Pyawbwe ;
collected by F. E. W. Venning, Esq.

Presented ly the Bombay Natural History Society, 1914.

The place of origin of the two following specimens is
unknown, so that they cannot be definitely classed :



24 CATALOGUE OF UKGULATES

701, aa. Skull, with large antlers. From an old skin.

No history.
701, /. Skull, female. No history.

K. Muntiaeus muntjak aureus.

Cervus aureus, H. Smith, Griffith's Animal Kingdom, vol. iv,
p. 148, 1827.

Cervus (Stylocerus) aureus, H. Smith, op. cit. vol. v, p. 320, 1827
(locality wrong).

Stylocerus aureus, Jardine, Naturalist's Libr., Mamm. vol. iii, p. 185,
1835.

Cervus albipes, Wagner, Schreber's Sdugthiere, Suppl. vol. iv, p. 294,
1844 ; Schinz, Synop. Mamm. vol. ii, p. 549, 1844.

Cervulus aureus, Jerdon, Mamm. India, p. 264, 1867, partim.

Cervulus tamulicus, Gray, Cat. Ruminants Brit. Mus. p. 94, 1872,

Hand-List Ruminants Brit. Mus. p. 165, 1873.
Muntiaeus aureus, Wroughton, M.S. 1914.

Typical locality not definitely known, but some part of
Southern India.

Size medium ; general colour ochery buff (clay-colour
tinged with ochery), darker on middle of back, with the
nuchal grizzled area extending- behind the shoulders on
to the back ; under-parts paler ; hairs greyish white at
base.

Typical locality of C. tamulicus Dekhan ; C. albipes was
stated by its describer to be from " Bombay and Poona."

701, b. Skull, with antlers in velvet. Dekhan. Type of
C. tamulicus. Presented by Col. W. H. Sykcs, about 1842.

L. Muntiaeus muntjak malabarieus, subsp. n.

Muntiaeus malabarieus, Wroughton, M.S. 1914.

This race is to be attributed to Mr. Wroughton, by whose
courtesy the publication of his description has been permitted
here.

Typical locality Nagarhol, Coorg, Southern India; the
range includes the Kanara and Malabar coast.

" Generally similar to M. m. aureus, but the size larger
than in either that race or M. m. vaginalis and the prevalent
colour deep chestnut (between raw sienna and tawny), with



rKHVID.K 25

the grizzling extending all over the back and part of the
flanks ; imder-parts drab ; hairs white at base." E. C. W.

13. 8. 22. 133. Skull, with antlers, and skin. Nagarhol,

Ci loi-o- ; collected by G. C. Shortridge, Esq., Feb., 1913. Type.

rirwnte<l l>u the Bombay Natural History Society, 1913.

M. Muntiacus muntjak, subsp.

Typical locality Island of Hainan, China.

The two following specimens indicate a large rufous
muntjak apparently allied to the Bornean and Malay races
of the present species :

70. 2. 10. 25-26. Two skins. Hainan; collected by
\\. Swinhoe, Esq. Purchased, 1870.

IF. MUNTIACUS LACRYMANS.

Cervulus lacrymans, Milne-Edwards, Arch. Mus. Paris, vol. vii,
p. 93, 1871, Eecli. Mamm. p. 348, pis. Ixiii and Ixiv, 1874;
Brooke, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1874, p. 40, 1878, p. 899; Anderson,
Zool. Eesults Yunnan Exped. p. 338, 1878; Lydekker, Horns
and Hoofs, p. 316, 1893, Deer of All Lands, p. 208, 1898,* Game
Animals of India, etc. p. 263, 1907 ; Hilzheimer, Abh. Mus.
Naturk. Magdeburg, vol. i, p. 66, 1906 ; Ward, Records of Big
Game, ed. 6, p. 81, 1910, ed. 7, p. 81, 1914.

Muntiacus lacrymans, Allen, Bull. Mus. Harvard Coll. vol. xl,
p. 204, 1912.

Typical locality Sze-chuan, Western China.

Type in Paris Museum.

Smaller (shoulder-height about 19 inches) and yellower
than the preceding species, with the whole forehead (exclu-
sive of the black pedicle-streaks), occiput, and backs of ears
yellowish brown or yellow ; lower part of face varying from
rufous to blackish ; no dark neck-stripe ; general body-colour
bright speckled rufous brown, with a tinge of bluish ; lachry-
mal pits of skull smaller than orbits, from which they are
separated by a narrow bar, and not occupying entire surface
of lachrymal bone ; basal length of skull typically about
7 inches,f length of upper series of cheek-teeth not recorded
in typical race. Antlers always small.

* C. laclirymans.
f Teste Brooke.



26 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

The following three races are apparently distinguish-
able :

A. Head and neck less yellow ; size apparently larger M. 1. lacrymans.

B. Head and neck more yellow ; size, at least fre-

quently, smaller.
a. Lower part of face mostly rufous ; general

colour lighter ; size larger M. I. sclateri.

1). Lower part of face blackish ; general colour

darker; size smaller M. 1. teesdalei.



A. Muntiacus laerymans lacrymans.

Typical locality Sze-chuan.
Type in Paris Museum.

Head and neck apparently less yellow than in next race
and size larger.

No specimen in collection.

B. Muntiacus lacrymans selateri.

Cervulus selateri, Swinhoe, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1872, p. 814; Brooke,
ibid. 1874, p. 40 ; Gray, Hand-List Ruminants Brit. Mus.
p. 165, 1873; W. L. Sclater, Cat. Mamm. Ind. Mus. pt. ii,
p. 173, 1891 ; Lydekker, Field, vol. ex, p. 677, 1907, Proc. Zool.
Soc. 1910, p. 989.

Typical locality mountains near Ningpo, Southern China ;
abundant in the hills of the An-hwei district.

Apparently distinguished from the typical race by its
smaller size and by the more strongly marked contrast
between the yellow of the forehead and the rufous or olive
of the neck; lower part of face typically rufous; basal
length of skull probably about 65 inches ; length of upper
series of cheek-teeth 2 inches.

72. 9. 3. 1. Skull, imperfect, and skin (formerly mounted).
Ningpo, Southern China; collected by E. Swinhoe, Esq.
Type. Length of upper series of cheek-teeth 2 inches.

Purchased, 1872.

72. 9. 3. 3. Skin, formerly mounted, and skeleton,
young. Same locality and collector. Same history.

7. 9. 19. 1. Head, mounted, subadult. An-hwei (Ngan-
hwei) district, Central China.

Presented ly J. II. Teesdale, Esq., 1907.



CERVIDJ5 27

9. 6. 9. 1. Skin, mounted, immature. Same locality.
The lower part of the face is darker than in the preceding
specimen, perhaps a character of immaturity.

Same donor, 1909.
1. 3. 2. 8. Skull, with antlers, and skin. Ningpo.

Presented ly F. W. Styan, Esq., 1901.

1. o. 2. 9. Skin, with imperfect skull in scalp. Foochow,
Fokien, South-eastern China. Same history.

2. 6. 10. 61. Skull, with antlers, and skin, immature.
Chung-yung, southern Hupei. The lower portion of the face
is more dusky than in the type and the upper portion of the
ears hrown features which may be due to immaturity ; the
last two milk-molars are still in use. Collected January,
1902. Same donor, 1902.

2. 6. 10. 61. Skull, with antlers, and skin of a somewhat
older individual. Same locality. The ears are mainly
yellow. Same history.

5. 10. 27. 1. Skull, imperfect, with antlers. Wan-shan-
Chang, China. Presented ly H. Brelich, Esq., 1905.

5. 10. 27. 2. Skull, female. Same locality.

Same history.

C. Muntiacus lacrymans teesdalei, subsp. n.

Typical locality Tatung, Yang-tsi Valley. A small dark-
coloured form, retaining the wholly yellow ears, but with the
entire lower part of the face blackish brown, nearly like
the back; basal length of skull 5| inches; length of upper
series of cheek-teeth 1J inches.

May represent a distinct species.

10. 6. 16. 1. Skull, with antlers, and skin, of a fully
adult animal. Tatung, Yang-tsi Valley. Type.

Presented ly J. H. Teesdale, Esq., 1910.

10. 6. 16. 2. Skull, with antlers, of a somewhat younger
individual. Same locality. Same history.

III. MUNTIACUS EEEVESI.

Cervus reevesii, Ogilby, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1838, p. 105.

Prox reevesii, Sundevall, K. SvensJea Vet.-Ak. Handl. 1844, p. 185,

1846; Fitzinger, Sitzber. k. Ak. Wiss. Wien, vol. Ixviii, pt. 1,

p. 362, 1872, vol. Ixxix, pt. 1, p. 60, 1879.



28 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

Cervulus reevesii,* Gray, Knowsley Menagerie, p. 65, 1850, Cat.
Ungulata Brit. Mus. p. 220, 1852, Cat. Ruminants Brit. Mus.
p. 94, 1872, Hand-List Ruminants Brit. Mus. p. 165, 1873;
Swinhoe, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1862, p. 361; Brooke, ibid. 1878,
p. 899 ; Anderson, Zool. Results Yunnan Exped. p. 338, 1878 ;



Online LibraryBritish Museum (Natural History). Dept. of ZoologyCatalogue of the ungulate mammals in the British Museum (Natural History) (Volume 4) → online text (page 3 of 36)