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Catalogue of the ungulate mammals in the British Museum (Natural History) (Volume 4) online

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collected by A. Whyte, Esq. Same donor, 1893.

93. 7. 25. 11. Skull. Near Lake Mweru, N. W. Rhodesia ;
collected by E. Crawshay, Esq. Same history.

94.3.8.17. Skull. Same locality and collector. Noticed
by Lonnberg, op. cit. p. 938. Same donor, 1894.

94. 3. 8. 17. Skull, immature. Same locality and collector.
Noticed, loc. cit. Same history.

8. 2. 14. 1. Skull. Angoniland, South Uganda. Noticed,

op. cit. p. 937. Presented by C. B. Storey, Esq., 1908.

8. 2. 14. 2. Skull, young. Same locality. Noticed, loc.

cit. Same history.

The following specimens accord with this race in the relative
narronmcss of the interorbital region :

8. 1. 31. 6. Skull and skin, immature female. Athi
Valley, British East Africa.

Presented by the Master of Belhaven, 1908.
12. 7. 28. 2. Skull and skin, immature. Man Forest,
above Njoro, British East Africa.

Presented by C. W. Woodhousc, Esq., 1912.
12. 7. 28. 3. Skull and skin, immature. Same locality.

Same history.
12. 7. 28. 4. Skull, immature. Same locality.

Same history.
iv. 2 B



370 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

12. 7. 28. 5. Skull, immature. Same locality.

Same history.

12. 7. 28. 6. Skull, old boar. Same locality. Interorbital

width 4J inches. Same history.

12. 7. 28. 7. Skull, old boar. Same locality. Interorbital

width 4J inches. Same history.

12. 7. 28. 8. Skull, immature. Same locality.

Same history.

C. Phaeoehcerus sethiopieus massaicus.

Phacoclioerus massaicus, Lonnberg, Sjostedfs Kilimandjaro-Meru
Exped., Mamm. p. 54, 1908, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1908, p. 937,
K. Svenska Vet.-Ak. Handl. vol. xlviii, no. 5, p. 142, 1912.

Phaeoehcerus aethiopicus massaicus, Lydekker, Game Animals of
Africa, Suppl. p. 23, 1911.

Typical locality Masailand (Kilimanjaro-Mem district),
German East Africa.

Type in Eoyal Swedish Museum of Natural History,
Stockholm.

Postorbital region of medium length and width, 14 x
14 per cent.; interorbital width relatively great, 38-8 per
cent.

95. 4. 3. 42. Skull, immature, provisionally associated by
Lonnberg, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1908, p. 938, with this race.
Uganda. The relative shortness of the postorbital region
may be a feature of immaturity.

The following specimens accord with this race in the great
relative width of the interorbital region, which is considerably
greater than in the British East African specimens entered
under the heading of the preceding race :

1. 8. 9. 54. Skull and skin, immature. Malo, Uganda.
Presented by Sir H. H. Johnston, G.C.M.G., K.C.B., 1901.
1. 8. 9. 55. Skull and skin, immature female. Same
locality. Same history.

1. 8. 9. 56. Skull and skin, immature. Same locality.

Same history.

5. 4. 3. 41. Skull, female. S. W. Ankoli, Uganda.
Interorbital width 5J inches.

Presented by Lieut.-CoL C. Delme-Radcliffe, 1905.



SUID.E 371

5. 4. 3. 42. Skull, female. Same locality. Interorbital
width 5J inches. Same history.

5. 4. 3. 43. Skull, female. Same locality. Same history.

D. Phaeoehcerus sethiopieus delamerei.

Phacochcerus delamerei, Lonnberg, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1908, p. 240,
K. SvensJca Vet.-Ak. Handl. vol. xlviii, no. 5, p. 140, 1912.

Phacochoerus aethiopicus delamerei, Lydeklcer, Game Animals o
Africa, Suppl. p. 23, 1911.

Typical locality Northern Somaliland.

Proportions of postorbital region of skull much the same
as in typical race, although the width is rather less, 10*9-
10*5 x 11 '9-11 '5 per cent.; interorbital width relatively
great, 34 7-33 per cent.

There has been some doubt with regard to the locality
where this race is found, but it is practically certain that one
or other of the undermentioned skulls presented by Lord
Delamere was taken from the north Somali animal of which
the head is figured on page 401 of Game Animals of Africa.

0. 3. 27. 16. Skull. Somaliland. Co-type. Except for
some vestiges in the mandible, both upper and lower incisors
have been worn away. Presented ~by the Lord Delamere, 1900.

0. 3. 27. 17. Skull. Same locality. Co-type. Two
pairs of lower incisors are retained. Same history.

6. 5. 4. 12. Skull and skin, female, provisionally referred
to this race. S.W. of Berbera, Somaliland.

Presented ly Dr. R. E. Drahe-Brockman, 1906.

E, Phacoehcerus sethiopieus seliani.

Phascochoeres seliani, Cretzschmar, Atlas to EuppelVs Eeise nordl.
Afrika, p. 61, pis. xxv and xxvi, 1826 ; Jardine, Naturalist's
Libr., Mamm. vol. v, p. 219, pi. xxiv, 1836.

Phacochoerus edentatus, /. Geoffroy, Diet. Class. Hist. Nat. vol. xiii,
p. 320, 1828.

Phacelochcerus haroja, Hemprich and Ehrenberg, Symbol. Phys.
pi. xx, 1836.

Phacochoerus aeliani. Gray, List Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 185, 1843 ;
Gerrard, Cat. Bones Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 280, 1862 ; Sclater,
Proc. Zool. Soc. 1869, p. 276, pi. xx, 1871, p. 236; Blanford,
Zool. Abyssinia, p. 241, 1870; Stehlin, Abh. schweiz. pal. Ges.
vol. xxvii, pi. x, fig. 6, 1900 ; Lonnberg, Sjostedt's Kilimandjaro-
Meru Exped. p. 53, 1908, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1908, p. 937.

2 B 2



372 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

Phacochoerus sclateri, Gray, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 4, vol. vi>
pp, 189 and 263, 1870 ; Sclater, ibid. p. 404, 1870.

Phacochoerus haroia, Lonnberg, Sjostedt's Rilimandjaro-Meru Exped*
p. 53, 1908.

Typical locality Abyssinia.

The upper incisors shed and the lower ones usually worn
down to the roots in aged animals, which may retain only
the canines and last molars ; postorbital region very long and
very narrow, 15-4 X 6'3 per cent. ; interorbital width as in
P. ce. sundevalli, 32 3 per cent.

719, v. Skeleton and skin. Abyssinia ; collected by Dr.
Eiippell. Co-type. Purchased.

69. 2. 2. 12 (765, c). Skeleton, mounted. Annesley Bay,
Abyssinia ; collected by W. Jesse, Esq., during the Abyssinian
Expedition, under Lord Napier of Magdala.

Presented by the Viceroy and Council of India, 1869.

69. 10. 24. 47 (719, q). Skull. Zulla, Abyssinia;
collected by Dr. W. T. Blanford during the above-mentioned
expedition. Noticed by Lonnberg, with measurements, Proc.
Zool. Soc. 1908, p. 937. Same history.

F. Phacochoerus sethiopieus fossor.

Phacochoerus aethiopicus fossor, Scliwarz, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist.
ser. 8, vol. xi, p. 266, 1913.

Typical locality Ketekma, Bagirmi, N.W. Central Africa.
. Type in Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt-am-Main.

Skull heavier than in P. ce. celiani, with the profile less
concave in the frontal but more so in the nasal region, the
occiput lower and wider, the jugal deeper and placed less
nearly vertically, and the lower canines more procumbent,
but directed more backwards at tips.

7. 7. 8. 257. Skull and skin, immature female, pro-
visionally referred to this race. Yo, Lake Chad district.

Presented ly the Alexander-Gosling Expedition, 1907.

G. Phacochoerus aethiopicus bufo.

Phacochoerus africanus bufo, Heller, Smithson. Misc. Collect, vol. Ixi,
no. 22, p. 2, 1914 ; Allen. Bull. Mus. Harvard Coll. vol. Iviii,
p. 324, 1914.



SUID.K 373

Typical locality Lado Enclave.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

.Differs from P. ce. celiani by the greater breadth and
length of the postorbital portion of the skull, the more
nearly flat interorbital region, and the greater extension of
the premaxilke beyond the sockets of the tusks, as well as
by the lack of elevation in the parietal and occipital crests,
and the smaller auditory bulke. Incisors are retained in the
adults.

9. 7. 15. 2. Skull. Lado Enclave.

Purchased (Giza Zoological Gardens), 1909.

H. Phaeoehcerus aethiopicus africanus.

Sus africanus, Gmelin, Linn.'s Syst. Nat. vol. i, p. 222, 1778 ; Griffith,
Animal Kingdom, vol. iii, p. 332, 1827.

Phascochcerus africanus, F. Cuvier, Mem. Mus. Paris, vol. viii,
p. 452, pi. xxiii, 1817; Desmarest, Mammalogie, vol. ii, p. 593,
1822; A. Smith, Cat. S. African Mus., Mamm. p. 16, 1826;
Lesson, Man. Mamm. p. 341, 1827.

Pliacochcerus africanus, F. Cuvier, Dents Mamm. p. 213, pi. Ixxxvii,
1825 ; /. B. Fischer, Synop. Mamm. p. 424, 1829 ; Peters, Reise
Mossamb. vol. i, 181, 1852; Giebel, Sdugethiere, p. 237, 1855;
Kirk, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1864, p. 656 ; Flower and Garson, Cat.
Osteol. Mus. E. Coll. Surg. pt. ii, p. 360, 1884 ; W. L. Sclater,
Cat. Mamm. Ind. Mus. pt. ii, p. 197, 1891 ; Flower and
Lydekker, Study of Mammals, p. 289, 1891 ; Lydekker, Horns and
Hoofs, p. 370, 1893, Great and Small Game of Africa, p. 517,
1899; Matschie, Sdugeth. Deutsch-Ost-Afrika, p. 100, 1895;
Elliot, Field Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. i, p. 109, 1897; Lonnberg,
Sjdstedfs Kilimandjaro-Meru Exped., Mamm. p. 53, 1908, Proc.
Zool. Soc. 1908, p. 936 ; Cabrera, Cat. Met. Mam. Mus. Madrid,
p. 133, 1912 ; Newberry, Klio, vol. xii, p. 397, 1912.

Phascochaerus africanus, Griffith, Animal Kingdom, vol. v, p. 289,
1827, partim.

Phacochrerus aethiopicus africanus, Inverarity, Great and Small
Game of Africa, p. 521, 1899; Lydekker, Game Animals of
Africa, p. 400, 1907, Suppl. p. 73, 1911, Ward's Records of Big
Game, ed. 7, p. 458, 1914.

Macrocephalus africanus, Elliot, Cat. Mamm. Field Mus. (Field
Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. viii) p. 83, 1907.

Typical locality Cape Verd, Senegambia.

Size very large, probably greater than in any other race,
the upper skull-length being I7f inches (445 mm.) ; post-
orbital region relatively long and wide, 59 X 58 mm. =
13 '4 x 13-1 per cent. ; interorbital region relatively narrow,
30 per cent.



374 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

46. 8. 7. 24 (719, J). Skull. Cape Verd. Topo-type.

Presented by T. Tatum, Esq., 1836.

The reference of the following specimen to this race is
provisional :

65. 5. 3. 5 (719, u). Skull. Nigeria; collected by Dr.
W. B. Baikie. Purchased (Stevens), 1865.



SUBFAMILY ii. DICOTYLIN^E.

Fore-feet with four and hind-feet with three complete
toes ; 32 teeth, the dental formula being i. , c. -}-, p. f , m. f ;
upper canines comparatively short, straight, and directed
downwards ; stomach complex ; a dorsal gland ; 2 teats ;
tail rudimentary ; upper ends of third and fourth metacarpals
and metatarsals united.

The distribution is restricted to the New World, where
peccaris range from Arkansas and Texas to the Eio Negro
of Patagonia.

VI. Genus DICOTYLES.

Tayassu, Fischer, Zoognosia, vol. iii, p. 284, 1814 ; Miller, List
N. Amer. Mamm. p. 384, 1912 ; recommended for suppression in
favour of Dicotyles by "fiat" of International Commission of
Zoological Nomenclature, 1914, vide Zool. Anz. vol. xliv, p. 285.

Dicotyles, Cuvier, Eegne Animal, vol. i, p. 237, 1817; Griffith,
Animal Kingdom, vol. v, p. 289. 1827 ; Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc.
1868, p. 58, Cat. Carnivora, etc. Brit. Mus. p. 351, 1869 ; Elliot,
Synop. Mamm. N. Amer. (Field Mus. Zool. Pub.) vol. ii, p. 33,
1901 ; Loomis, Amer. J. Sci. vol. xxx, p. 383, 1910 ; Houv, Anat.
Hefte Wiesbaden, Abt. 1, vol. xl, p. 717, 1910.

Notophorus, Fischer, Mem. Soc. Moscou, vol. v, p. 373, 1817.

Dicotylus, Bowdich, Anal. Nat. Classif. Mamm. p. 71, 1821.

Adenonotus, Brookes, Cat. Mus. p. 11, 1828.

Dycoteles, Jardine, Naturalist's Libr., Mamm. vol. v, p. 234 (1836) ;
Blyth, Cuvier' s Anim. Kingdom, p. 131, 1840.

Dicotyle, Gervais and Ameghino, Mamm. Foss. Amer. Sud. p. 110,
1880.

Dycotyles, Allen, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. vol. viii, p. 54, 1896.

Olidosus, Merriam, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xiv, p. 120, 1901.

Tagassu, Elliot (ex Frisch), Mamm. Mid. Amer. and W. Indies
(Field Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. iv), p. 66, 1904.

Tayassus, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 658, 1904,



SUID.K 375

Small, tailless, pig-like animals, with thick bristly coats,
small, ovate, erect ears, and a large glandular area rather
behind the middle of the back, which secretes a strongly-
smelling musky oleaginous substance.

The subfamily is divisible into the two following sub-
genera (genera of many naturalists) :

A. Mane and dorsal crest long, and reaching rump ; nasals

and sides of cranial rostrum flattened; palate broad.... Dicotyles.

B. Mane and dorsal crest shorter and not reaching rump ;

nasals and sides of cranial rostrum not flattened;

palate narrow Pccari.



1. SUBGENUS DICOTYLES.

Mane and dorsal crest long and extending backwards to
rump ; upper surface of nasals and sides of cranial rostrum
flattened, the latter not divided by zygomatic ridge, which
rises abruptly to top of skull, where it dies out above second
premolar; palate broad and flat, without ridge between
anterior premolar and inner surface of canine ; no depression
on preorbital portion of zygomatic root.

The distributional area extends from Mexico to Paraguay.

I. DICOTYLES PECARI.

Tayassu pecari, Fisher, Zoognosia, vol. iii, p. 285, 1814; Allen,
Butt. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. vol. xvi, p. 165, 1902 ; Miller, List
N. Amer. Mamm. p. 384, 1912.

Sus albirostris, Illiger, Abli. Ak. Sci. Berlin, 1811, p. 115, 1815 (separate
copies are stated to have been issued in 1811).

Dicotyles labiatus, Cuvier, Eegne Animal, vol. i, p. 237, 1817;
Desmarest, Mammalogie, vol. ii, pp. 394 and 620, 1822 ; Griffith.
Animal Kingdom, vol. v, p. 290, 1827 ; Eengger, Sdugeth.
Paraguay, p. 322, 1830 ; Tschudi, Fauna Peruv. p. 217, 1844 ;
Frantzius, Arch. Naturgesch. vol. i, p. 296, 1855 ; Burmeister,
Syst. Uebersicht, vol. i, p. 325, 1855, Descrip. Phys. Eepub.
Argent, vol. iii, p. 472, 1879 ; Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1868, p. 45,
Cat. Carnivora, etc. Brit. Mus. p. 352, 1869, Hand-List Thiclc-
skinned Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 54, 1873; Alston, Biol. Centr.-
Amer., Mamm. p. 108, pi. x, 1882 ; Flower and Garson, Cat. Ostcol.
Mus. E. Coll. Surg. pt. ii, p. 343, 1884 ; LydeJcJcer, Cat. Foss.
Mamm. Brit. Mus. pt, ii, p. 251, 1885, Great and Small Game
of Europe, etc. p. 383, 1901 ; Flower and LydeMer, Study of
Mammals, p. 290, 1891 ; Stehlin, Abh. schweiz. pal. Ges. vol. xxvi,
p. 209, 1899 ; Weber, Sdugethiere, p. 652, 1904.

Notophorus pecari, Fischer, Mem. Soc. Moscou, vol. v, p. 373, 1817.



376 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

Adenonotus labiatus, Brookes, Cat. Mus. p. 11, 1828.

Dycoteles labiatus, Jardine, Naturalist's Libr., Mamm. vol. v, p. 236,

pi. xxvii, 1836.
Dicotyles albirostris, Wagner, Schreber's Sdugthiere, Suppl. vol. iv,

p. 306, 1844.

Sus labiatus, Gerrard, Cat. Bones Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 281, 1862.
Tagassu pecari, Elliot, Mamm. Mid. Amer. and W. Indies (Field

Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. iv), p. 66, 1904, Check-List Mamm. N. Amer.

etc. (ibid. vol. vi) p. 35, 1905, Cat. Mamm. Field Mus. (ibid.

vol. viii) p. 35, 1907.
Tayassu albirostris, Merriam, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. xiv,

p. 120, 1901 ; Goldman, ibid. vol. xxv, p. 189, 1912.
Tayassus albirostris, Trouessart, Cat. Mamm., Suppl. p. 659, 1904.

WHITE-LIPPED PECCARI; WARI.

The type species.

Typical locality Paraguay.

Size relatively large (length of head and body about
40 to 46 inches) ; general colour typically dark reddish brown
and black, passing into rufous on face and crown, with the
upper lips, top of nose, chin, throat, breast, and under-parts
white.

The following three races are recognised :

A. Breast and under-parts white D. p. pecari.

B. Breast and under-parts grizzled black and fulvous.

a. White face-markings more extensive than in

typical race D. p. ringens.

b. White face-markings still more extensive D. p. spiradens.



A. Dicotyles pecari pecari.

Tayassu pecari pecari, Miller, List N. Amer. Mamm. p. 384, 1912.
Tayassus albirostris albirostris, Goldman, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washing-
ton, vol. xxv, p. 189, 1912.

Typical locality Paraguay.

Face-markings of moderate extent ; under-parts white.

152, 1. Skin, young (?). Brazil. Purchased, 1835.

42. 8. 17. 1. Skin, mounted. Brazil.

Purchased (Clausen), 1842.

43. 2. 20. 6 (721, b). Skull, immature. Brazil.

Purchased (Stevens), 1843.
43. 9. 27. 24. Skin, female. Bahia, Brazil.

Purchased (Brandt), 1843.



SUID/E 377

45. 2. 13. 4 (721, a). Skull, immature (from an old skin).
Brazil. I'vrchased (Cross), 184.\

46. 6. 1. 27. Skin. Santa Catherina, Brazil.

Purchased (Parzudald), 1846.

47. 4. 6. 8 (721, d). Skeleton, female. Brazil.

Purchased (Barker), 1847.

47. 4. 6. 9 (721, c). Skeleton. Brazil. Same history.
rl. S. '27. 76 (721, c). Skull. Para, Brazil.

Purchased (Stevens), 1851.

61. 4. 8. 2 (721,/). Skeleton. Brazil.

Purchased (Zoological Society), 1861.

62. 12. 15. 112-113. Two young specimens, in alcohol.
British Guiana. Purchased (Leadbcater), 1862.

84. 2. 8. 17. Skull. Taquara, Eio Grande do Sul,
Brazil ; collected by Dr. H. von Ihering. Purchased, 1884.
84. 2. 8. 18. Skull. Same locality and collector.

Same history.
99. 2. 22. 10. Skull and skin. Entre Eios.

Presented by the La Plata Museum, 1899.
3. 7. 7. 121. Skull and skin, female. Chapada, Matto
Grosso, Brazil ; collected by Mr. A. Eobert.

Presented by Mrs. Percy Sladen, 1913.

.">. 7. 7. 122-123. Two young skulls. Same locality and

collector. Same history.

The following specimens from British Guiana are pro-
visionally referred to this race :

10. 5. 4. 67. Skull and skin, very young. Eio Supinaam
Valley, British Guiana.

Presented by F. V. McConnell, Esq., 1910.
10. 6. 12. 1. Skull. Lama Creek, British Guiana.

Presented by B. Howell Jones, Esq., 1910.

10. 9. 29. 32. Skull and skin. Supinaam Valley.

Presented by F. V. McConnell, Esq., 1910.

11. 6. 7. 49. Skull and skin, very young. Moon
Mountains, southern British Guiana. Same donor, 1911.

11. 12. 15. 5. Skull, young. Barttca Grove, Essequibo
Valley, British Guiana. Same history.

12. 12. 19. 13. Skull and skin. Bonasica Creek,
British Guiana. Xw donor, 1912.



378 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

12. 12. 19. 14. Skull and skin. Same locality.

Same history.

12. 12. 19. 15. Skull and skin. Same locality.

Same history.

13. 6. 8. 14. Skull and skin. Manarica Creek, Essequibo
Valley. Same donor, 1913.

13. 12. 12. 4. Skull and skin, very young. Supinaam
Valley. Same history.

B. Dicotyles pecari ringens.

Tayassu albirostris ringens, Merriam, Proc. BioL Soc. Washington,

vol. xiv, p. 121, 1901.
Tayassu pecari ringens, Allen, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. vol. xvi,

p. 166, 1902 ; Miller, List Mamm. N. Amer. p. 384, 1912.
Tagassu pecari ringens, Elliot, Mamm. Mid. Amer. and W. Indies

(Field Mus. Zool. Pub. vol. iv), p. 66, 1904, Check-List Mamm.

N. Amer. etc. (ibid. vol. vi) p. 37, 1905.

Typical locality Apazote, State of Campeche, Mexico.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Similar in general characters to typical race, but with a
greater extension of whitish face-markings the light area
including the whole muzzle from tip to midway between
nose and eyes, and extending backwards along sides of lower
jaw to below ears the presence of an ill-defined white band
above each pair of hind-hoofs, and the grizzled black and
fulvous under-parts.

No specimen in collection.

C. Dicotyles pecari spiradens.

Tayassu albirostris spiradens, Goldman, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington,
vol. xxv, p. 189, 1912.

Typical locality Talanaanca, Costa Eica.

Type in U.S. National Museum, Washington.

Resembles D. p. ringens in size and colour, but still more
white on face, sometimes extending to eyes; molars wider
and first lower premolar smaller. Distinguished from T. p.
pecari by more convex profile of brain-case, the narrower
front portion of lower premolars, and more evenly tapering
lower cheek-teeth row.

No specimen in collection.



SUID/E 379



2. SUBQENUS PECARI.

Pecari, Reichenbach, Bildergal. Thierwelt, pt. vi, p. 1, 1835 ; Miller,
List N. Amer. Mamm. p. 383, 1912.

Mane and dorsal crest shorter than in typical subgenus
and not covering rump ; upper surface of nasals and sides of
cranial rostrum not flattened, the latter divided by a more
or less pronounced zygomatic ridge ; palate long and narrow,
with a more or less distinct anterior median ridge, and a
depression in preorbital portion of zygomatic root above
premolars.

Kange co-extensive with that of genus.

The two species are distinguished as follows :

A. Skull with slight basal angulation of nasals,

palatal ridge, and preorbital depression D. (P.) tajacu.

B. Skull with strongly marked basal angulation

of nasals, prominent palatal ridge, and deep
preorbital depression in anterior zygomatic
root D. (P.) angulatus.



II. DICOTYLES (PECAEI) TAJACU.

Sus tajacu, Linn. Syst. Nat. ed. 10, vol. i, p. 50, 1758, ed. 12, vol. i,
p. 103, 1766.

Sus tajassu, Erxleben, Syst. Begn. Anim. p. 188, 1777.

Dicotyles torquatus, Cuvier, Regne Animal, vol. i, p. 237, 1817 ;
Desmarest, Mammalogie, vol. ii, p. 393, 1822 ; Griffith, Animal
Kingdom, vol. v, p. 289, 1827 ; Rengger, Sdugeth. Paraguay,
p. 322, 1830; Tschudi, Fauna Peru, p. 216, 1844; Frantzius,
Arch. Naturgesch. vol. i, p. 296, 1855 ; Burmeister, Syst. Ueber-
sicht, vol. i, p. 327, 1855, Descrip. Phys. Repub. Argent, vol. iii,
p. 473, 1879; Baird, Mamm. N. Amer. p. 627, 1857; Sclater,
Proc. Zool. Soc. 1860, p. 206 ; Tomes, ibid. 1861, p. 287 ; Stehlin,
Abh. schweiz. pal. Ges. vol. xxvi, p. 208, 1899.

Adenonotus tajacu, Brookes, Cat. Mus. p. 11, 1828.

Dycoteles torquatus, Jar dine, Naturalist's Libr., Mamm. vol. v,
p. 234, pi. xxvi, 1836.

Dicotyles tajacu, Gray, List Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 186, 1843 ; Gerrard,
Cat. Bones Mamm. Brit. Mus. p. 280, 1862 ; Sclater, List Anim.
Zool. Gardens, p. 19, 1862 ; Alston, Biol. Centr.-Amer., Mamm.
p. 102, 1882 ; Flower and Garson, Cat. Osteol. Mus. R. Coll. Surg.
pt. ii, pr 344, 1884 ; Lydehker, Cat. Foss. Mamm. Brit. Mus. pt. ii,
p. 252, 1885, Great and Small Game of Europe, etc. p. 371, 1901 ;
W. L. Sclater, Cat. Mamm. Ind. 'Mus. pt. ii, p. 196, 1891;
Flower and Lydeklcer, Study of Mammals, p. 290, 1891 ; Elliot,
Synop. N. Amer. Mamm. (Field. Mus. Zool Pub. vol. ii) p. 33,
1901 ; Weber, Sdugethierc, p. 652, 1904.



380 CATALOGUE OF UNGULATES

Notophorus torquatus, Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1868, p. 44, Cat.

Carnivora, etc. Brit. Mus. p. 351, 1871 ; Hand-List ThicJc-

sJcinned Mamm. Brit Mus. p. 53, 1873.
Tayassu tayassu, Stone and Cram, American Animals, pi. facing

p. 30, 1903.

PECARI TAJACU.

Typical locality Brazil.

Smaller than D. pecari, the average length of the head
and body being about 36 inches ; general colour dark blackish
grey, with a white or whitish band passing across the chest
from shoulder to shoulder.

The following races are recognised :

A. General colour grizzled grey or tawny.

a. Skull relatively large, long, narrow, and vaulted .... D. t. tajacu.

b. Skull smaller, shorter, wider and depressed D. t. torvus.

B. General colour almost uniform black D. t. niger.



A. Dieotyles tajacu tajacu.

Typical locality southern Brazil.

Skull relatively large, long, narrow, and vaulted ; general
colour grizzled grey or tawny.

720, i. Skull. Locality unknown.* No history.

38. 4. 16. 86. Skull. Locality unknown.

Purchased (Stevens), 1838.

41. 12. 20. 1(35,6). Skin, mounted. Locality unknown.

Presented by E. Cross, Esq., 1841.

55, li. Skin, immature, mounted. No history.

43. 5. 16. 8 (720, a). Skull. Organ Mountains, Brazil ;
collected by Dr. Gardner. Purchased, 1843.

44. 2. 7. 11. Skin, young. Locality unknown.

Purchased (Leadbeater), 1844.
50. 11. 22. 49 (720, c). Skull. Locality unknown.

Purchased (Zoological Society), 1850

55. 12. 26. 154 (720, d), Skull. Locality unknown.

Same history, 1855.

56. 12. 30. 2 (720, e). Skeleton. Locality unknown.

Same history, 1856.

* The reference to this race of specimens of unknown locality is
provisional.



SUIDJ-:

58. 5. 4. 44 (720,/). Skull. Locality unknown.

Same history, 1858.

58. 5. 4. 116 (720, g). Skeleton, mounted, Locality

unknown. Same hint on/.

GO. 2. 11. 15. Skin, young, mounted. Locality unknown.

Purchased (Vcrreaux), 1860.
67. 4. 12. 207. Skin. Locality unknown.

Presented by Capt. Milner, 1867.

84. 2. 8. 19. Skull, immature female. Taquara, Eio
Grande do Sul ; collected by Dr. H. von Ihering.

Purchased, 1884.

97. 10. 3. 17. Skull. Chanchamayo, Peru; collected

'by Mr. J. Kalinowski. Purchased, 1897.

1. 2. 7. 53. Skull and skin, young. Pereque, Sao Paulo,

Brazil; collected by Mr. A. Eobert. Purchased (Beckett), 1901.

I. 6. 6. 80. Skull and skin, somewhat older. S.
Francisco, Sao Paulo; same collector. Same history.

3. 7. 7. 126. Skull and skin. Chapada, Matto Grosso,

Brazil; same collector. Presented by Mrs. Percy Sladen, 1903.

3. 7. 7. 127. Skull and skin. Same locality and collector.

Same history.

3. 7. 7. 128. Skull and skin, female. Same locality and
collector. Same history.

8. 8. 19. 1. Skull and skin. Villa Eica, Paraguay.

Presented by the Hon. W. H. Hugessen, 1908.
8. 8. 19. 2. Skull, imperfect, and skin. Same locality.

Same history.

10. 5. 4. 56. Skull and skin. Eio Supinaam, British
Guiana. Presented by F. V. McConnell, Esq., 1910.

10. 11. 10. 10. Skull and skin. Bartica Grove, Essequibo
Valley, British Guiana. Same history.



Online LibraryBritish Museum (Natural History). Dept. of ZoologyCatalogue of the ungulate mammals in the British Museum (Natural History) (Volume 4) → online text (page 30 of 36)