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Fairchild cemetery manual a reliable guide to the cemeteries of Greater New York and vicinity online

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by him and used as a burial permit. A violation of this section
is punishable by a fine of $50 (Gen. State Marriages, Births and
Deaths, § 10).

Any undertaker who shall bury a dead body without first re-
ceiving a permit, and any clerk who shall sign a permit for burial
and deliver or permit delivery of same, without first receiving a
certificate of death as provided by law, shall be liable to a
penalty of $50 (Gen. Stat. Marriages, Births and Deaths, § 10).

CEMETERIES.

Cemeteries are organized and governed in accordance with the
provisions of " An Act to Authorize the Incorporation of Rural
Cemetery Associations and Regulate Cemeteries," revision ap-
proved April 9, 1875, and the acts amendatory thereof and sup-
plementary thereto.

The manner of incorporating a cemetery is by making and
recording a certificate of incorporation, and the affairs of such
associations are governed by a board of trustees.

Any such association may take and hold any property real or
personal, bequeathed or given upon trust, to apply the income



208



FAIRCHILD CEMETERY MANUAL.



GLEASON



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THE GLEASON COUCHES £

Sanitary and Upholstered




Although on the market but a short time, are already
conceded by all who have seen them to be the coming achieve-
ment in this line of funeral furnishing, surpassing all others
by durable construction and finish.




The Gleason Special elevating at head and foot meets a
long felt want, and no Embalmer can afford to be without it.

Ask your jobber or write to the B. F. GLEASON MAN-
UFACTURING CO., Brockport, N. Y.

GLEASON



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FAIRCHILD CEMETERY MANUAL. 209

NciV Jersey Lawn.

thereof under the direction of the trustees of such association^
for the improvement and embellishment of such cemeteries, or
the erection and preservation of buildings, structures, fences and
walks erected or to be erected therein, or upon the lots of the
individual owners, or the erection and repair of any tomb or
monument and the embellishment and care of such lots (Gen.
Stat. Cem., § 7).

Cemetery lands, and bonds and mortgages given to secure the
23urchase money of such cemetery lands, shall be exempt from
taxation and are not liable to be sold under execution (Gen. Stat.
Cem., §§8, 9).

After an interment has been made in a lot such lot becomes
inalienable (Gen. Stat. Cem., § 10).

It is a misdemeanor to deface cemetery property (Gen. Stat.,
§12).

Every dead human body must be buried so that the top of the
cofHn is four feet below the natural surface of the ground, except
infants in boxes not more than four feet in length, which must
be interred so that the top of the box is three feet six inches below
said natural surface. This provision does not apply to inter-
ments in properly constructed vaults (Gen. Stat. Cem., § 28).

No deceased human body shall remain more than forty-eight
hours in any receiving vault, the depth of which is less than
five feet below the natural surface of the ground, between the
first day of May and the first day of November. This provision
does not apply to properly constructed receiving vaults, which
prevent the escape of noxious and unhealthy gases (Gen. Stat.
Cem., § 31).

Cemeteries are subject to the supervision and examination of
the municipal authorities and boards of health of the various
municipalities (Gen. Stat. Cem., § 32).

No dead human body of a person who died of certain named,
or any highly contagious or infectious disease, shall be disin-
terred, unless such body was originallj'^ interred in a metallic
case hermeticallj' sealed, and then only by order of the Board
of Health, within the jurisdiction of which the body was buried,
except that said provision does not apply to a case where such
body was buried three years or more, and shall have died from
a disease other than smallpox, cholera or yellow-fever, and ex-
cept that it shall be lawful from November 1 to April 1 in each



210 FAIRCHILD CEMETERY MANUAL.

y'cic Jersey Laics.

year to reinter, within the limits of the same cemetery, the body
of any person who died from any disease other than smallpox,
cholera or yellow-fever, and jirovided a special permit for such
removal is obtained from the proper Board of Health (Gen.
Stat. Cem., § 11).

Between May 1 and November 1 in each year, no dead body
shall be disinterred and removed except by direction of a court of
competent jurisdiction for the purpose of criminal investigation
(Gen. Stat. Cem., § 45).

The municipal authorities of the city, town and townshiji in
wliicli any cemetery is or shall be located may pass, alter and
repeal ordinances to regulate interments and disinterment, and
the manner thereof, and prescribe a penalty by fine not exceed-
ing $00, in each case, or by punislmicnt not exceeding ten days
in each case, for any violation thereof, and said autliorities shall
have the power and authority to enter into any such cemetery
and examine into the condition thereof to determine whether such
ordinances are enforced (Gen. Stat. Cem., § 24).



FAIRCHILU CEMETERY MANUAL. 211

Connecticut Laws.



CONNECTICUT LAWS.

EMBALMERS, UNDERTAKERS, BURIALS, AND TRANSPORTi?
TION OF THE DEAD.

All matters of public health are governed by the State Board
of Health, which consists of six persons (Gen. Stat., § 2502).

The duties of the said board, among other things, consists of
investigations into questions of sanitation, the causes of diseases
and epidemics, the sources of mortality, the effects of localities
and employments, conditions and habits on the public health,
the collection of facts and data regarding these matters, and of
recommendations in regard thereto (Gen. Stat., §§ 2505-2510).

In the various sections of the State, the health of the com-
munity and the execution of the laws regarding health are under
the supervision of local health officers, who are known as county,
city, town and borough health officers, according to the district
they represent (Gen. Stat., § 2317 et seq.).

" The Connecticut Board of Examiners of Embalmers " was
created in 1903. It is composed of five members (Ch. 159, Pub.
Acts, 1903, §§ 1, 2, 3, 4).*

This board has the power, from time to time, to adopt rules
and regulations and by-laws, subject to the approval of the
State Board of Health, in accordance with which the duties of
the board shall be performed, and the practice of embalming
dead bodies, and of disinfecting all bodies of persons dying of
any contagious or infectious disease shall be conducted (Ch.
159, Pub. Acts, 1903, § 5).

Every person desiring to practice the profession of embalming
shall be examined, upon payment of a fee not to exceed ten
dollars, concerning his knowledge of embalming, sanitation, dis-
infection and the signs of death, and the manner in which they
may be determined. If the applicant shall be of good moral
character and shall prove his efficiency, said board shall issue a

* Although application was made, it was impossible to obtain a copy
of the rules and by-laws of said board.



212 FAIHCHILI) CEMETEHY MANUAL.

ConiuclU-ul Iahch.

license to practice tlie prolVssion of cinbalniing for one year.
.At the exj)iration of .said license, if the holder thereof shall
desire, a renewal shall be granted except for cause. The annual
fee for the renewal of a license sliall not exceed five dollars. All
renewals shall be apj)lied for within thirty days after expiration
and accomj)anied by the renewal fee, otherwise the applicant
must pass a new examination (Cli. la'.t, Pub. Acts, WiOS, § 0).
Said board shall report to the State Board of Health the
name and residence of every person to whom it issues a license.
Each license is non-assignable and non-transferable, and must
be disj)layed in a consj)icuous ])lace in the office or place of
business of the licensee (("h. 15i», Pub. Acts, l!>03, §9).

Xo person shall |)raetiee the jirofession of embahning without
having first secured a license, unless he shall be conducting same
under tlie direction of a regularly licensed embalmcr. A viola-
tion of this ])rovision is punishable by fine for each ofi'cnce
(Ch. 159, Pub. Acts, § 10, Ch. 81, Pub.* Acts, 1907, § 1).

Xo licensed enibalmer shall sign a certificate attesting the
preparation, or embalming of a body unless the same was ))re-
pared or embalnn(l by him (Ch. SI, Pub. Acts, 1907. § t).

X"o person shall inject any fluid into any cavity or artery of
the body of any person who has come to a sudden, violent or
untimely death, or of any person found dead, the manner of
whose death is not known, vmtil permission has been obtained
fnmi the coroner of the county, or the medical examiner of the
town in which the dead body lies. The violation of this last
provision is punishable by a fine of not more than $500 for each
offence (Ch. 81, Pub. Acts, 1907, §§5, C).

The custody and control of the remains of deceased residents
of the State rest in the husband, wife or next of kin of the
decedent. In the event of a dispute regarding such custody
and control, same may be determined and awarded by the Court
of Probate (Gen. Stat., § .SCS).

Xo )>erson shall bury any corjise within four feet of the sur-
face of the ground and a violation of this provision is ])unishable
by a fine of not more than $50 or imprisonment for not more
than thirty days, or both (Gen. Stat., § l.S7»>).

Every person wlio, without the censent of tlie husband, wife
or next of kin of the deceased, shall remove any corpse from
its place of sepulture or secrete, or assist in surgical experiments



FAIRCHILD CEMETERY MANUAL. 213

Connecticut Lairn.
therewith or dissection thereof, knowing same to have been so
removed, shall be fined not more than $2,000 and imprisonment
not more than five j'ears (Gen. Stat., § 1377).

The body of any executed criminal must be buried in a county
designated by the relations or friends thereof, provided requests
be made on or before the day of execution. If unclaimed, said
body shall be disposed of as provided by law; the expenses of
funeral shall not exceed $50 (Gen. Stat., § 1527).

Violent deaths shall be reported to the medical examiner of
the local town. After the termination of all legal proceedings,
such bodies shall be forthwith delivered to friends of the
deceased for interment, otherwise the proper authorities of such
town shall bury same, and the expense shall be paid by the
town, if said deceased person shall not have left sufHcient prop-
erty to defray the same (Gen. Stat., §§ 1774, 1784).

The various town clerks shall be ex-officio registrars of deaths
(Gen. Stat., § 1855).

There may be an assistant registrar of deaths appointed by
the town clerk, with the approval of the selectman (Gen. Stat.,
§ 185G).

Every registrar shall ascertain, and record deaths occcurring
in his town, and make a report periodically to the Superintendent
of Vital Statistics (Gen. Stat., § 1858).

The physician last in attendance upon a deceased person shall
within twenty-four hours after death make a certificate stating
tlie full name of the deceased, the cause or causes of death,
and the duration of disease if any. The undertaker in charge
of the burial of such person shall make a certificate stating the
fidl name of deceased, date of death, place of death, including
street and number and ward, if any, number of families in
house, if tenement, residence at time of death, occupation, condi-
tion (single, married, divorced or widowed) and if a wife, or
widow, of whom, date of birth, sex, color, birthplace, father's
name in full, father's birthplace, mother's full maiden name,
mother's birthplace, place of burial, from whom he received the
information, whether or not the body was embalmed, and if so
the name of the embalmer, and the number of his license. These
certificates shall be deposited with the registrar of the town in
which said person died in order to obtain a permit for burial or
removal, as required in Sections 1864 and 1871 of the General



214 FAIUCIIILIJ CEMETEUY MANUAL.

Connecticut Latex.

Statutes. A ccrtiric.ite of death, giving the cause of death in
any term having the same meaning as heart failure, shall be
(leenitcl insufficient upon which to issue a burial or removal
permit. Every person preparing for burial a body of any
person who shall have died from certain named contagious and
infectious diseases, shall disinfect said body as provided by the
rules of tlie State Board of Health, or enclose it in an air tight
coffin or case, hermetically sealed and shall give to the registrar
a certificate to this efficct. The violation of tliis section is punish-
•ible by a fine of not more tli.in ^•2'> (den. Stat., § ISti'J).

No deceased person shall be buried until a burial permit
stating the place of burial has been obtained, and that the
certificate of death required by law has been returned and
recorded (Gen. Stat., § 18G4).

Every town registrar shall each month transmit to the seentary
of the State Board of Health a statement of the mortality of
his town in the form required by the State Board (Gen. Stat.,
§ IHVA).

No person shall open any grave for the disinterment of a body
without having first procured from the registrar a permit there-
for (Gen. Stat., § 18G0).

On receipt of a death certificate, or if one is a matter of
record, or if the original burial permit, in the case of a body
brought into a town for burial, is recorded, the registrar may
issue a ])ermit for the disinterment or removal of a body, but
no permit for said ])urposes shall be issued during the months of
June, July, August and September, except when required for
the purpose of legal investigation, nor shall any permit be issued
where death was caused by an infectious disease, except by per-
mission, and under the direction of the town health officer (Gen.
Stat., § 1807).

liodies of deceased jiersons shall not be removed from, or
into the limits of any town, unless there shall be attached to the
coffin containing same, a j)ermit by the ngistrar of deaths in the
town where death occurred, certifying the cause of death, and
the town in which burial is to be had, and further certifying,
where death was caused by certain contagious or infectious
diseases, that said body is enclosed in an air tight coffin or case,
hermetically sealed, and has been disinfected in the manner
prescribed by th.- State Board of Health (Gen. Stat.. § 1871).



FAIRCHILD CEMETERY MANUAL. 215

Connecticut Laws.

Where a body is brought into this State for burial, if it is
accompanied by a proper removal permit from the authorities
of the State from which it was brought, such permit shall be
deemed sufficient, otherwise application must be made for a
permit from the registrar of the town in which burial is to be
had, which shall be issued when the information, as required
by law, is furnished as to the identity of the deceased and the
cause of death. A violation of this section is punishable by a
fine of not more than $500, or imprisonment of not more than
six months, or both (Gen. Stat., § 1871).

The State shall pay the sum of $35 toward the burial of an
honorably discharged veteran, whose estate is insufficient to pay
the necessary expenses of his burial, who was a legal resident
of the State, or whose service was credited to the State (Gen.
Stat., §§ 2880, 2881).

The grave of such deceased shall be marked by a suitable
headstone, to cost not more than $16 (Gen. Stat., § 2882).

The State Comptroller shall pay to the Soldier's Hospital
Board the sum of $35 toward the funeral expenses of any
soldier, sailor, or marine, upon the roll of said board, who shall
die a resident of the State, not having sufficient estate to pay his
funeral expenses (Gen. Stat., § 2883).

Upon proper proof, that the grave of an honorably discharged
soldier, sailor or marine, buried in the cemetery plot owned by
the State in Spring Grove, at Darien, is unmarked by a suitable
headstone, such stone shall be erected under provision of § 2882
(Gen. Stat., § 2881).

Where any deceased soldier or sailor has been buried at the
expense of the State, the State shall be reimbursed, if it after-
wards appears that such deceased left any estate, and the claim
of the State shall be a preferred one (Gen. Stat., §2885).

Every person delivering or receiving a corpse for the purpose
of speculation, or pecuniary profit, shall be fined not more than
$1,000 and imprisoned not more than one year (Gen. Stat.,
§ 4437).

TRANSPORTATION RULES IN FORCE IN CONNECTICUT.

Approved and Adopted by the American Association of General Bag-
gage Agents, the Conference of State and Provincial Boards of Health,
and the National Funeral Directors' Association.



216



FAIRCHILD CEMETERY MANLAL.



Old Camp Chairs Made New



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to have your old camp chairs
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Estimates cost nothing and will
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We buy old chairs,
sell new chairs, ex-
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new chairs, rent camp
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camp chairs and card tables that can be imagined.




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FAIRCHILD CEMETERY MANUAL. 217

Connecticut Laics.
Transpoutatiox Prohibited.

Rule 1. The transportation of bodies dead from small-pox and
bubonic plague, from one state, territory, district or province to another,
is absolutely prohibited.

Transportatiok of Bodies Dyixg fro3i Contagious Diseases.

Rule 2. The transportation of bodies dead of Asiatic cholera, yellow
fever, typhus fever, diphtheria (membranous croup), scarlet fever
(scarlatina, scarlet rash), erysipelas, glanders, anthrax or leprosy, shall
not be accepted for transportation unless prepared for shipment by
being thoroughly disinfected by (a) arterial and cavity injection with
an approved disinfecting fluid; (6) disinfection and stopping of all
orifices with absorbent cotton, and, (c) washing the body with the
disinfectant, all of which must be done by an embalmer holding a cer-
tificate as such, issued by the state or provincial board of health, or
other state or provincial authority provided for by law.

After being disinfected as above, such bodies shall lie enveloped in
a layer of drj" cotton not less than one inch thick, completely wrapped
in a sheet securely fastened and encased in an air-tight zinc, copper
or lead-lined coffin, or iron casket, all joints and seams hermetically
sealed, and all enclosed in a strong, tight wooden box, or the body
being jvepared for shipment by disinfecting and wrapped as above,
may be placed in a strong coffin or casket encased in an air-tight zinc,
copper or tin-lined box, all joints and seams hermetically soldered.

For interstate transportation under this rule, only embalmers holding
a license issued or apjiroved by the state or provincial boards of health,
or other state or provincial authority provided by law, after examina-
tion, shall be recognized as competent to prepare such bodies for
shijjment.

Traksportation of Bodies Dying frobi Other than Contagious

Diseases.

Rule 3. The bodies of those dead from typhoid fever, puerperal
fever, tuberculosis or measles, may be received for transportation when
prepared for shipment by arterial and cavity injection with an ap-
proved disinfecting fluid, washing the exterior of the body with the
same, and enveloping the entire body with a layer of cotton not less
than one inch thick and all wrapped in a sheet securely fastened and
encased in an air-tight metallic coffin or casket, or air-tight metal-
lined box, provided that this shall apply only to bodies which can reach
their destination within tliirty hours from time of death. In all other
cases, such bodies shall be prepared by a licensed embalmer holding a
certificate as provided for in Rule 2, when air-tight sealing and ban-
daging with cotton may be dispensed with.

Rule 4. The bodies of those dead from any cause not stated in
Rules 2 and 3 may be received for transportation when encased in a
sound coffin or casket, and enclosed in a strong outside wooden box,



218 FAIRCHILD CEMETERY MANUAL.

Connecticut Laics.

provided they can reach their destination within tliirty lioiirs from the
time of deatli. If the Ixtdy cannot reacli its destination witiiin thirty
hours from time of death, it must l)e j)rej)ared for shi])ment by arterial
and cavity injection with an approved disinfecting fluid, washing the
exterior of the ijody with the same and enveloping the entire V)ody with
a layer of dry cotton not less than one inch thick, and all wrapped
in a sheet securely fastened and encased in an air-tight metallic coffin
or casket or an air-tight mctal-lincd i)ox. But when the body has been
prepared for shipment by being thoroughly disinfected by a licensed
einbalmer, as defined and directed in Uule -2, the air-tight sealing and
bandaging with cotton may be dispensed with.

GkNERAF. InSTUICTIOXS K()K TUANSI'ORTATION-.

Hule 5. In tlie shijiment of bodies dead from any disease named in
Uule .', such body must not be accompanied by persons or articles which
have i)een exposed to the infection of the disease, unless certified by
the health officer as having been properly disinfected.

Before selling ticket, agents should carefully examine the transit
j)crmit and note the name of the passenger in charge, and of any
(illiers proposing to accompany the body, and see that all necessary
|)recautions have i)ecn taken to prevent the spread of tiie disease. The
transit j)erniit siiall in such cases specifically state who is autiiorized
by the healtli authorities io accompany the remains. In all cases where
bodies are forwarded under Uule 2, notice nuist i)e sent by telegraph
by tiie shipping einbalmer to the health ofliccr, or, wlien there is no
iiealth officer, to other competent autliority at destination, advising
the date and train on whie provided with a passage ticket and also present a full
(irst-dass ticket marked " corjise " for the transportation of the i>ody,
and a transit j)ermit showing physician's or coroner's certificate, name
of deceased, date and hour of deatli, age, place of death, cause of
death, and all other items of the standard certificate of deatli recom-
mended iiy the American Pulilic Health Association and adopted by
the I'nited States Census Bureau, as far as obtainaide, including healtii
officer's or registrar's permit for removal, whether a communicable or
non-communicable disease, the j)oint to which the body is to be slii])ped,
and when death is caused by any of the diseases specified in Uule -,
the names of those authorized by the health authorities to accomjiany
tiie l)ody. Also the undertaker's certificate as to how the body has
l)eeu prepared for sliipment. liie transit permit must be made in
du|)licate, and the signature of the pliysician or coroner, heaitii officer
and undertaker must lie on both the original and duj)licatj' copies.
The undertaker's certificate and paster of the original shall be detached
from the transit i)erinit and securely fastened on the end of the coffin
box. All coffin itoxes must be provided with at least four handles.
The ]>hysician's certificate and transit permit .shall he handed to the
passenger in charge of the corpse. The whole dujilicate copy shall
be sent to the otricial in charge of the baggage department of the



FAIRCHILD CEMETERY MANUAL. 219

Connecticut Laics.
initial line, and by him to the secretary of the state or provincial board
of health of the state or province from which said shipment is made.

Whek Shipped by Express.

Rule 7. When bodies are shipped by express a transit permit as
described in Rule 6 must be made out in duplicate. The undertaker's
certificate and jjaster of the original shall be detached from the transit
permit and securely fastened on the coffin box. The physician's cer-
tificate and transit permit shall be attached to and accompany the
express waybill covering the remains, and be delivered with the body
at the point of destination to the person to whom it is consigned. The
whole duplicate copy shall be sent by the forwarding express agent to


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Online LibraryBrooklyn Fairchild sonsFairchild cemetery manual a reliable guide to the cemeteries of Greater New York and vicinity → online text (page 14 of 20)