C. C. (Charles Candee) Baldwin.

The Baldwin genealogy from 1500 to 1881 online

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Given By

Cha5. C.l5ay\Min








1500 to 1881.




[the leader PKinTING C0MP/4NY]










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[Tin; EN(ii.isu

f W I N -

The Earl.^ ut Luiml^JUiLks, Euiilaud

Ri(!huid. j.r roMnry BO^'

Johu, ot (' inty liiu-kiVJ brother of Richard)..

Dundridi.- ''id ii .

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"tllK EsriOl t.VN CS AND TitKlU Df^cendants —

Rich Hil ■ ■ Milfdid, ( oMucctifut. dcscendt'd from Rirlmrd. of Counly

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•lolnii, fii j;i-> oniniitoii. C.iiiiiti ticiil (brother ot Ricliard, of Milt'ord) . . . .339 - '268

•'"li"|i, (.1 1-2 orwich, L'oiiHcticut (related to Richard, of .Alilfonh '?G9-2!>6

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biinir! MdfiMd, otmectioit (hrolher ol riiiioihvi

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iccliciil, ;ii)<l Ihidley. Masbaclmsetts (liiolher of

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>;icliusetls ^)ellia|i i)riiiiirr.jl ll<ni\
I ( 'hcsb'r^Miiiiy, IVnnsyivaiiia .

< hester t*o^y, Peiui.>ylvania (brother of FraneiM , i

mily. Peiinsylvaiiia | brother of Francis) ," I l-7(iv

nii\ Pi !Mi-\ !v iiii ' ''■'■■M. %iiiU.liii. I'll"!. Hid! 7(tl-7R

( dULK-'Clli •'>■-•

Connecticut . .
Kentucky . . .
New York.

"^^ Vermont.

Late Families from Eng-land or Ireland . . .

Appendix —

Bruen Family

Hall Family

Prentiss Family

Kellogg Family.
Miscellaneous Index
Index of Baldwins
Corrections and Additions




FOR convenience, each first settler in America is numbered 1, although liis
number maj'^ be different in the Englisli Une. Each descendant lias a perma-
nent number, by obsijrvinii; which, any line is easily traced backward or forward.
The number of tlie gencratiou follows the luuiic Thus, on page 100: Timothy 3
Barnalias- Richard,^ uiL-au> that Timothy is of the tiiird generation and son of
Barnabas who is son of Richard.

Abbreviations have saved much labor: such as b., born; bapt., baptized; m.,
married; unm , unmarried; d., died, or deart; d. y., died young; ch., children, or
child; dan., daughter, (tr daughters; and s., son, i)r sons.

The plus mark (+) means, that furlhi-r im under Ihr number of tlie name to which
the mark is attached appears a further account of its ttwner.

No changes are made in tlatcs for nt:w or old style — dates being given as tJiey
appear in the records. Names are spelled as they appear in the Family Records or
elsewhere. TJie writer thinks it would have lieeii liellei' ti> uciier;illy ii'iluee ilient 1o
a uniform s]ielling.

The system of arrangement is, in substance, that of the "New England Historic
Genealogical Society," of Boston. The changes are accidental, growing out of llie
personal convenience of the writer in making his book.





THIS is not the autlior's ideal genealoo-y. Tliat has innch
fuller biographies and pictures of days gone hy. To leacli
its highest value, a family history sliould he full enough to make
one feel acquainted with his own ancestors and earlier times.
Generally, especially in families of New England descent, that is
quite possible. The writer will be glad to sl-c separate xol times
of the lines given herein, and will cheerfully assist, as he may,
such fuller attempts at the " Baldwin (tenealo«y."

No one can know, as well as tlie author, the many errors of
this book. In giving some accounts, collected froin uiiginal
sources, of twenty-two thousand individuals, errors would be
expected. An examination of other Genealogies teaches that
they are inseparable from such work. Between the author, the
copyist and the printer, many have occurred; but more in the
thousands of letters giving information, and some even in
records. The author has in mind a place where the town and
church records and epitaphs disagree oftener than they agree,
and not seldom there are three different dates. He feels con-
siderable confidence that he is generally right in the lines of
descent. It has been his rule to admit a descent only on what
Avould be legal evidence in such matters, and he has not hesi-
tated to express such doubts as too seldom appear in books of

8 Preface.

At the close of a task which has occupied too large a portion of
his time for more than twenty 3'ears, and taken more of his money
than he expects to see returned to him, he may be pardoned for
sajing- that he is himself surprised at the amount of material he
has collected, — very busy as he has been in the active prosecution
of a laborious profession

He cannot l)ut have a very kindh^ feeling for the name and
his readers. The}' will be very largely indebted to George W.
Baldwin, Esq., of Boston, (p. 280) for the excellent account of
the English lines herein, which makes it easy for most of the
name to trace their ancestry for nearly four hundred years.

The descendants of the Pennsylvania lines are pretty certain
to be indebted to Mr. Gilbert Cope, of West Chester, Chester
County, Penu.

Hon. John D. Baldwin, of Worcester, Mass., has nearly doubled
the descendants of John, of Stonington.

Rev. DwiGHT Baldwin, of Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands, Dr.
Alvan Talcott, of Guilford, Conn., and Mr. Byron A. Baldwin,
of Chicago, all deserve special mention.

Other acknowledgments are made under biographies of in-

Corrections or additions, sent to the author, will be noted on a
copy to be deposited with the " Xew England Historic Gene-
alogical Society," iu Boston, Mass., for the use of future genealo-
gists of the family.


12(>4 Euclid Avenue,

Ci.KVELAMi, Ohio,

June, 1881.

The Name Baldwin

Baldwin is an old name, and quite common as early as the
Conquest of England. It appears in the roll of Battle Abliey.
There was in England a Baldwin as early as 672 ; and every one
knows of the Baldwins, Earls of Flanders, from the one cotempo-
rary with Alfred the Great, and whose sou, Baldwin 2nd, married
Elstruth, dan. of Alfred, to the Baldwin 5th, who m. the dau.
of Kobort of Frauce, and whose dau. Matilda, m. AVilliam the
Conqueror. Baldwin, Emperor of the East iu 1237, and of the
Baldwins, Earls of Devonshire, called in JSTormandv Baiidoin des
Riviers, and in England Baldwin de Tlsle. Baldwin of Redvers,
the Earl, was the lirst to rebel against Stephan.

1 am afi'aid the traditionary descent of divers Baldwins in Xcav
England, from Devonshire, rests ou uo better ground than a fancy;
that tlie early Baldwins, of Devonshire, were ancestors of a long
line of the name. This was not so.

Surnames, however, were not used in England until long after
the Conquest. Camden observes, that he never could lind an
hereditary name in England before the Conquest; that they were
not settled among the common people till about the time of
Edward 11., (1307 to 1329). Surnames were not from sire, but
became superadded to the Christian name; so, that finding the
name in the same locality, even at the Conquest, is no mark of con-
nection. I believe Camden, in the above remarks, reall}' antedates

Baldwin de Hampden, of the time of the Conquest, becomes
plain John Hampden, the patriot of the English Revolution.
Still it is not without interest that I have found the name so
common. That the name was in Flanders, in i^ormandy, and
perhaps elsewhere in France, is well known.

Rev. E. C. Baldwin, of Brauford, Conn., tells us that a couple
of Danes, informed him the name was a Danish one and common
in that country. It exists as Balduin in Germany, and even in


10 Baldwin Genealogy.

my own city is a German — "August Baldwin." Near Cobleutz,
on a stream flowing into the Rhine, is Baldwinstein — Baldwin
stone — a castle and a town.

In 1870, I was told at Floreace that the name was Italian, and
common in that vicinity. Miss Strickland says, it is a fine old
name of Saxon origin, and signifies "Bold AVinner." *

Arthur, on Family Kames, says : "Baldwin (German). — The
speedy conqueror, or victor; from Bald, quick or speedy, and win,
an old word signifying victor, or conqueror, as: Beriwin, famous
victor; Allwin, all-victorious," etc. Andersen also makes it the
German Balde, from which Baldwin, bold in battle.

The ancestors of a very large share of the Baldwins in the
United States, lived in County Bucks, England, and the name
seems to have been common there from a very early time. I have
already alluded to Baldwin de Hampden, whom Lord Nugent, and
Macaulay after him, says, was one of the Norman favorites of the
Saxon king, Edward the Confessor. Hampden was and is in the
same locality where, in after years, Baldwins were plenty.

In Domesday Book appear also : Baldwin the son of Herluin,
had, in King Edward's time, a vassal named Turgis, Avho held
Slow in freehold ; at Domesday it was held by Robert Olgi and
Robert Ivri. The same Baldwin also held lands in Gloucester-
shire ; one of his vassals held lauds in Woughton Bucks, " half a
hide." In Elesberie, Hundred, and in Esenberge— -EUesborough.
(See map of part of Bucks herein.) " Osbert held of William, one
hide and a half. There is land to two ploughs, and there are two
oxen there with one villane. It was and is worth five shillings ;
in King Edward's time, twenty shillmgs. Baldwin, a vassal of
Archbishop Stigand's, held this manor and might sell it." The
same Osbert holds Haddenam of William. "It answered for
three hides. There is land to five ploughs. There are two in the
desmesne, and four villanes have three ploughs. It is and was
worth four pounds; in King Edward's time, one hundred shillings.
Baldwin, a vassal of Archbishop Stigand's held the manor and
might sell it."

In King William's time (of Domesday Book), Baldwin holds a
farm of William — two hides in Lamva Hundrech' "There is land

* Its general prevalence very likely dates from the Crusades, and the then popular Baldwins. The name
may first have been applied to such fortunate boldness as has given Mr. E. S. Baldwin, the present well

known millionaire of San Frantisco,'the Hohriquet of " Baldwin, the Lucky."

Early Baldwins of County Bucks, England.

to one plough and a half, and they are three with one villane, an.
one bordar meadow ior one plough. In the whole it is and wa
worth twenty shillings. He, himself, held it in King Edward'
time, and might sell it."

In Mosleie Hundred, "Baldwin holds of William, in Cicelai
(Chichley), three hides for one manor. I'here is land to three
ploughs. There is one in the desmesne ; * and five villaues,t with
four bordars, t have two ploughs. Meadow for one plough.
Pannage || for one hundred hogs. It is and always was worth
forty shillings. He, himself, held it in King Edward's time, and
might sell it."'

In Hard mead, seven and a half miles west of Chichley, " Bald-
win holds of AVilliam, one hide for one manor. There is land to
one plough, and it is there with three villanes. It is and was
always worth one mark of silver. Three brothers held this manor ;
one of these was the vassal of Tochi, and two the vassals of Bald-
win ; and they might sell."

In County Herts, in Brickenden: " Baldwin, a certain servant
of the King's, holds three virgates hind to one plough, and pan-
nage for forty hogs, and worth ten shillings. In King Edward's
time held by three brothers."

The name of Baldwin occasionally appears thereafter, but the
connection, if any, is unknown. In 1198 Robert Fitz Baldwin
has lands m Burton Bucks. Anno 1200 he has a line and re-
covery of lands there from Walter Buistard. First year of King
John he pays tax ^^ VI marc argent^'' six marks of silver; 1204 he
suffers fine and recovery; 1254 John Baudwyn has lands in Bur-
ton ; 1204 Michael Fitz Baldwin receives lands in Haremede, of
John de Haremede, by fine and recovery; 1252 to 1272, John Le
Parker and wife Agnes, and John Baldwin and wife Cecil, pay one
mark and take the property of Gil. de Preston — Agnes and Cecil
were perhaps his daughters; 1254 Henry de Preston, son and heir
of Baldwin de Preston, pays homage.

In Herts, in 1250, Baldwin, son of Baldwin le Fleming, pays a
fine. In 1277, at an inquisition of the manors of Hathfeud, Adam

* A desmesne, generally spelled demesne, or demain, was the manor house and the land adjacent which
the Lord keeps in his own name. (Blackstone.)

+ The villane was, in feudal law, one \vho held land bj- a base or servile tenure; as, for instance, usctul

t I do not find bordar; but bord-lands were lands appropriated by the lord for the support of his table
(Wright and Webster), and were the garden spots of the villanes. I

II Pannage — the mast of oak or beech, which swine feed on in the woods. (Wright's Provincial Diet.) '■


Baldwin Genealogy.

ialdwin appears. In Chutterbuck's Hertfordshire, is an agree-
leut between Hugh Evesden, twenty-seventh Abbot of the mon-
ster}'-, and the Burgesses of St. Albans, confirmed by Edward I.,
n his first year, 1272. It seems to be an agreement about bounds,
and in one place they are described ^'- et de illenque tayiqae an grange
Johan le Fls Richard Baldwyne, etde illenque par Touniandich tanque
a Sopwelle, lane et de illenque tanque au croft Johan de Hampton."
From 1342 to 1347, Ricard Baldwyne appears to own land abun-
dantly in Herts; 1441 to 1445, John Baldewyn is rector of Layton
Hundred of Edwintree. The patron, was the prior and convent
St. Trinitv, London.

[Built about 1250.]

Eeturning to Bucks: in 1340, Henry is taxed at Little Missen-
den. In the time of Edward III. (he reigned 1329 to 1377),
Walter Baldwin and Gunneva his wife hold lands in Honeyborn ;
1358 and 1362, John Baudwyn and Elizabeth his wife parted with
lands held by the right of Elizabeth, in Nether Winchendon, by
the usual process of fine and recovery. In 1429, John Baldwin, of
Aylesbury, appears as party to a similar conversance. Five years
after, Johannis Baldwyn appears in a list of "the gentry" of
County Bucks, at Aylesbury, returned by the Commissioners, 12
Henry VI. John Senior and John Junior were two out of three
of the founders of the fraternity or brotherhood of the town of
[Vylesbury, in 1429.

Early Baldwins of County Bucks, England. 13

Richard Baldwin died there September 21st, 1485, leaving as
his next heir his brother John, who, August 11th, 1486, was six-
teen years old and upwards. The issue of writ upon his death
was made June 4th, I486. The age appears from a Chancery
Inquisition, j^ost mortem, 1 Henry VII., taken August 11th, 1486,
of which the following is a translation:

Chancery Inquisition, Post ^Iortem,
1 Henry 7, pt. "1, No. 120.
11 Aug., 1486.

Inquisition taken at Bokenyff uld , the County Buk, the eleventh day of August, in
the first year of the reigu of King Henry the Seventh, before Ricliard Bulstrode,
Esq're, Escheator of [our] Lord the King, in the aforesaid Countj% by virtue of the
brief of the Lord King himself, directed to the same Escheator, and proved to this
Inquisition, by oath of Thomas Garston, Thomas Jarnour, John Lorkyn, Thomas
Knyght, John Aylewyn, .John Grove, John Davy, John Walter, Thomas Dunton,
Richard Dene, William atte Lee and Edward Slj'le; who say, on their oath, that
Richard Baldewyn, named in tlie said brief, was, on the day in which he died, seized
in his domain as in fee of a certain manor with its appurtenances, in Aylesbury, in
the aforesaid County, called Otterarflfee; and of one messuage forty and five acres of
land [i.e. arable land], and ten acres of meadow in Aylesbury aforesaid, in the afore-
said County, which are held of the Lord K'ng in Socage, by the service of pinching
litter for the bed of the said Lord King, and straw and grass for adorning (or making-
comfortable) the lodging (or guest chamber) of the said Lord King thrice in the year,
if he should come thither, viz: in summer, grass [rushes?] for the aforesaid cause,
and two wild geese; and in winter, straw and three eels; so that six wild geese, or
nme eels, may be in the j'ear, if he should come hither thrice in the year. And the
aforesaid Jurors say that the aforesaid manor land and meadow, with appurtenances,
are worth per annum, in all revenue beyond the repayments, fifty shillings. And
further the said .Jurors say, that the same Richard Baldewyn died seized of one
messuage called le Crown forty and three acres of land and meadow, with appurte-
nances, in Aylesbury aforesaid, which are held of Ihomas Lord Ormond Knight, by
service of ten shillings and nine pence per annum, which messuage land and meadow
are worth per annum, in all produce beyond repayments, sixtj* shillings and eight .
pence. And further the said Jurors say, that the aforesaid Richard Baldewyn, on
the day in which he died, was seized in his domain as in fee of one tenement, situate
in Aylesbury aforesaid, between the messuage of William Chalfunt on one part, an',
^he messuage of the late John Grove on the other part, which is held of the aforesaid
Lord Ormond, by service of three shillings per annum, and that that tenement i. i
worth per annum, in all produce beyond the repayments, six shillings and eight pence
And further the said Jurors saj', that the aforesaid Richard Baldewyn held no otht
or more lands or tenements from the said Lord the King, nor from any other, ■
domain or in service, on the day in which he died, in the aforesaid County. A
further the aforesaid Jurors say, that the same Richard Baldewyn died in the day i
St. Matthew last past (21 Sept., 1485); and that .John Baldewyn is his brother ar
next heir, and is of the age of sixteen j^ears and more.

In testimony of which both the Escheator aforesaid, and the aforesaid Jurors, h;
aiHxed their seals to each part of this indented Inquisition. Given in the dav, pi;

-'^-— I


14 Baldwin Genealogy. '

This John Baldwin paid a relief upon this manor in 1492 (Madox
Bar. Ang. 247), and is the same John named in a note to the iirst
volume of Hume's History of England (p. 297 Harper's ed.), where
he is erroneously assigned to the time of King Henry II., although
Hume is right enough in the general use he makes ot it there as
a note to a statement of the mode of living of Henry II., whose
apartments were every day in winter covered with clean straw and
hay, or in summer with green rushes or boughs, lest the gentlemen
who paid court to him, and who could not, by reason of their great
number, find a place at table, should soil their fine clothes by
sitting on a dirty floor.

This manor of Oterarsfee was originally granted by Henry II.
to Roger, the King's minstrel, upon the same singular tenure,
which is recited in a " confirmation " of the manor to Richard, son
of Robert le Aylesbury, 1 Richard II. (1137), Cal. Rot. Pat. 199.
The manor had then been in the continuous possession of the
Aylesbury family since the grant. How the estate came to the
Baldwins I do not know — possibly, but I think not likely, by
descent; not unlikel}^ by marriage. The Aylesburys had arms,
according to Camden, a cross argent in a field of azure; and the
Baldwins do not seem to have had arms until some branches ob-
tained them in later times. In 1542, John Baldwin paid subsidies
on this manor. The most eminent Baldwin of Bucks was Sir John
Baldwin, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas of England, 1536 to
1546, when he died. His early history is not easily traced; and
in fact, the diiferences and mistakes of writers as to his descent
and descendants will illustrate the perils the genealogist encoun-
ters. He is commonly said to be the son of William Baldwin, by
his wife Agnes Dormer, daughter of William Dormer, of West

The Dormers were an old and wealthy family, whose line con-
tinued after and rose to an Earldom. Sir Robert, brother of
Agnes, Sheriff" of Beds and Bucks, was knighted in 1527, and d.
[■•-552. His son Robert, Baron as Lord Dormer, of W^enge, d. 1616.
^is grandson Robert became Viscount of Ascot and Earl Caernar-
on; killed 1643. His sister Elizabeth m. Somerset, Lord Her-
ert and Marquis of Worcester. William, of West Wycombe, m.

gnes, dau. of Sir John Lancelyn, a French knight; he died 1506.

he account ordinarily received of Sir John is, as I have said, that

> was son of William, who m. Agnes Dormer; but the account


Sir John Baldwin. 15

of Jolm, given iu one of the Ilarleian Mss. (No. 1533, Vol. 15),
says he married a dau. of William Dormer.

The will of William Dormer, dated 22 Sept., 150G, directed him
to be buried in the chancel at West Wicombe, and gave his "dau.
Johan Alburgh 10 marks, to my dau. Margeri Deane 10 marks, to

my [daughter evidently omitted by the transcriber of the

will] Agnes Baldwin 10 marks, and to William Baldwin, my
godson, £10: to John Baldwin the younger 10 marks, to Alice
Baldweyn 10 marks, to Richard Baldweyn 10 marks, to Pernell
Colyngborne 10 marks, to John Dormer 10 marks, to Henry Hunt
10 marks, to Lettice Dormer 10 marks; to Henry, son of Thomas
Deane, 40s; to Agnes, my wife, £300; to sou Robert £800, and all
my years to come in my farm of West Wicombe." His executors
were his wife and son Robert ; overseers, John Baldwin the older,
and John Colyngborne. The will was proved 7 Oct., 1506. The
inquisition post mortem of Sir John (1546) shows he had a son
William, who m. Mary Tryingham, and d. before that, leaving a
widow but no issue; a dau. Agnes or Ann, who m. Robert Pack-
iugton, mercer of London, and had a son Thomas, born about
1523; a dau. Petronella or Parnell, who m. lirst Sir Thomas Ram-
sey, and second Burlacy; she had a son John, born about 1528.
Sir John also had a dau. Alice. A probable supposition would be
that in the will of William Dormer, Sir John was John the elder.
Agnes was his wife ; William the godson, the William who d.
before 1546 ; Alice the dau. of Sir John and Richard and John Bald-
win, perhaps children of Sir John, who died young. The error of
making Sir John son of William, said to have m. Agnes Dormer,
arose from an erroneous transcript of the Dormer will, in the
Collin Peerage, more than a century ago. John Coh'ugborne, the
other overseer, was a son-in-law, having married Parnell, daugh-
ter of William Dormer.

Mr. George W. Baldwin, of Boston, finds in the foreign and
domestic papers, temp. Henry VIII., many entries relating to
John Baldwyn : in commission of the peace for Bucks, 1509,
1510 and 1512; in the commission for goal delivery, Southampton
Castle, 1511; exempted from juries, 1515 and 1516. In an account
in 1520 appears an item of fee to John Baldwin; same year tht
name appears in the sherift* rolls, and in 1523 among the subsidy
commissioners of Bucks. Sir John waS' appointed "Reader" a^
Lincoln 1516, and in 1530, when he was made Sergeant. H

16 Baldiuin Genealogy.

rose rapidly after that and became, as I have said, Chief Jus-
tice in 1536. It is impossible to tell whether all those early
entries relate to Sir John. It would seem unnecessary to spe-
cially exempt him from jury duty, as he was a lawyer. His
home seems to have been in Aylesbury. He was lord of the
manor of Aylesbury. His office was very lucrative and he was
very rich. In 1540 Henry VIII. granted him the home and site
of Gray Friars, in Aylesbury. There was then a John the
younger who was likely the one named in will of William Dormer.
He had also granted him Missenden Abbey; and, in 1544, the fee
of Dundridge which had fallen to the crown. He built the " new
road" out of Aylesbury, and I believe the town hall (now pulled
down). The new road was that leading to Wendover and Mis-

The office held by Sir John was the most desirable in England.
It was lower in dignity to the Chief Justice of King's Bench or
Lord Chancellor, but in the days of Henry VIII. the chief judges
of those courts had work to do that must have tormented them
excessively. On the death of Sir John, Sir Edward Montague,
then Chief Justice of King's Bench, solicited and obtained the
office. Lord Campbell gives the following account: "The sudden

Online LibraryC. C. (Charles Candee) BaldwinThe Baldwin genealogy from 1500 to 1881 → online text (page 1 of 96)