C. C. (Charles Candee) Baldwin.

The Baldwin genealogy from 1500 to 1881 online

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1655,) he gives "to my brother-in-law Everard Johnson, £5; to
my sister Hannah Johnson and her son, my cousin (i.e. nephew),
Thomas Baldwin, each 40 shillings.

The will was proved 20 July, 1655, in the Prerogative Court of
Canterbury, by his brother Triamor, power being reserved to

62 Baldwin Genealogy.

Robert Abdy, the other executor. His widow Mary, then of
Parish of St. Paul's, Covent Garden, made a nuncupative will, 7
Oct., 1666. Her legacies were : To Bartholomew Baldwin, Jr., £10 ;
to Mary Bowles, £10; to my sister Baldwin's children, 50 shillings;
to my sister Joanna, 20 shillings; to Elizabeth Bowles, 10 shil-
lings ; to Sarah Leavern, 20 shillings ; to Bartholomew Baldwin, my
son, the remainder of my annuity due me from my daughter-in-
law Wells. Her son Bartholomew became administrator 25 April,
1668. Bartholomew Baldwin was, in 1634, Clerk of the Faculties
in the Court of Chancery (5 State Paper 388), and 26 July of that
year, as of Weston Turville, was summoned to appear at the
Office of Arms next term, to make proof of his Arras, and to
enter his descent (same Volume, p. 160.) He did not do this, and
was omitted in the visitation of 1634.

40. Robert. +

41. Daughter, m. Robert Abdy.

42. BartholomeM'.

43. John.

44. Thomas.

45. Margary, buried at Weston Turville, 13 Jan'y, 1624.
43. William, buried at Weston Turville, 10 Dec, 1625 or 6.

18. THOMAS 3 Nicholas ^ John.^ He was living is 1639, at the
date of the will of his brother Francis, but was apparently dead
in 1655, at the date of that of Bartholomew, leaving a widow
Hannah and son

47. Thomas.

. 22. AYELYiT^ Sylvester- John. ^ She was evidently the only
daughter of Sylvester, and married Triamor Harvey. Their mar-
riage license, issued at the Registry of the Bishop of London, is
dated 20 June, 1575. Both are described as of Parish St. Mary at
Hill, in London. Whether a runaway match, or he was in business
there and she in service, it is impossible to say. At all events, they
returned to Aston Clinton, where four of the six children named
in her father's will were baptised. She was buried there 23 Jan.,
158f, evidently dying shortly after the birth of her sixth child,
baptized 6 same month, by her father's name. Her husband m.
second time and had other children, and was finally buried there,
15 June, 1621. I have not the names of the first five, but only

53. Sylvester, bapt. 6 Jan'y, lo8f.

John, of County Bucks, England. 03

23. THOMAS ^ Sylvester - John. ^ He was his fatlier^s executor

in 1592. He m. first Rebecca , the mother of most of his

children, who was buried at Aston Clinton, 15 April, 1500, evi-
dently dying in childbed of her sixth child and fifth son Sylvester.
He married second at Aston Clinton, 6 July, 1590, Jane Hayle,
less than three months after the death of his first wife. Such
hasty second marriages were common enough, and in his case was
quite necessar}^ he being left with six very young children, tmd
no sister or female relative to whom he could turn for assistance.
His second wife survived, and appears to have been buried at
Aston Clinton, 2 Aug., 1628. He was buried there 9 Jan'y,
16^. His will, as of St. Leonard's, in Aston Clinton, yeoman,
was dated 25 Fe"b'y, 16f|. The abstract of his will follows:

To be buried in Aston Clinton churchyard. To the poor there,
10s.; to wife Jane, one-half my messuages, lands and tenements in
Aston Clinton and Wendover for her life or widowhood, and one-
third mv 2:oods and chattels. To my sons George, Richard and
John and Sylvester, and my daughter Agnes Bowler, each 10 shil-
lings. To Robert, my son, and Jane, my daughter, each £30,
when 21 or married. To Samuel, my son, all my messuages,
lands and tenements in Aston Clinton and Wendover, subject to
my said wife's interest; also residue of personalty; he to be my
executor. Overseers, my friends Robert Hayle and Henry Bar-
nabye. The will was proved by the executor, in the Court of the
Archdeaconry of Bucks, 27 Jan'y, lGi|.

54. Samuel. 4-

55. Georse, baptised 29 May. 1582.-}-

56. Agnes, bapt. at Aston Clinton, 29 Dec, 1583; m. Bowler, and living
IGyf , but no more is known.

57. Richaid.-|-

58. John, bapt. 15 Dec, 1588. -f-

59. Sylvester, baptised at Aston Clinton, 14 April, 1590, living 16J|, but
nothing fur: her known of him.

60. Robert.

61. Jane.

40. ROBERT* Bartholomew ^ Nicholas ^ John.^ He made his
will 29 Jan'y, 165^, calling himself of Whelpley Hill, in the Par-
ish of Chesham, County Bucks, "gentleman." He left £10 to his
mother, Mary Baldwin; to his wife Alice, his capital messuage
at AVingfield in Chalgrave, County Bedford, until his daughter

64 Baldwin Genealogy.

should i-each the age of 21 or marry. His widow proved the will,
25 May, 1658, in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. She re-
married Thomas Wells, of Great Gadsden, County Herts (who d.
9 Oct., 1686, and was buried there), and appears to have been dead
at the date of the will of her mother-in-law, Mary Baldwin, 7
Oct., 1666.

63. Sarah, only child, d. in 1669, at the age of 15, and was buried in Bovingdon
Church, Herts, with a monument still there.

54. SAMUEL * Thomas ^ Sylvester ^ John,i j^jg father's heir and
executor in 16,^^. He m. 17 Oct., 1622, Amy Bryan. His will, as
of Aston Clinton, yeoman, was dated 8 Feb., IQH- He named
first one child who was to have £30 when 21 or married. He
confirmed to his brother George the lease of the home wherein he
dwelt, to run 21 years from the death of his father Thomas. The
overseers were l-»ichard BaldAvin, of Dundridge, and William
Graves. His widow Amy proved the will 22 jS'ov., 1630.

63. Frances.

55. GEORGE* Thomas ^ Sylvester'^ John.^ baptised at Aston
Clinton, 29 March, 1582. He'^made his will 13 Feby, 165f, de-
scribing himself as of Agmondesham, County Bucks, gentleman.
(This Avas the period of the Commonwealth.) He named Thomas
as his eldest son and heir, and Ruth as his eldest daughter. He
gave £250 each to his six younger children, naming them, and
divided among them equally his lands of inheritance in Wendover,
demised by his father Thomas to Samuel, and descended to George
as next heir ma;le. All his children were under age, and the last
six under 18. The widow Ruth proved the will, in the Preroga-
tive Court of Canterbury, 25 Sept., 1656.

64. Thomas.

65. Ruth.

66. George.

67. Elizabeth.

68. Mary.

69. Sarah.

70. Hannah.

71. John.

57. RICHARD* Thomas ^ Sylvester ^ John.^ He appears to
have lived some time at Agmondesham, where, with his sou, he

John, of County Bucks, England. 65

was a brewer; but snbsequentl}^ at Beaconsiield, wbither tbe son
also removed. He died there, and, according to tbe son's will,
was buried in the churchvard. His daughter administered to liis
estate, in the Court of Bucks, 7 June, 1(!45. The bond was only
£200; but he had perhaps divided his estate before, as his son was
evidently wealthy.

7"2. Elizabeth, m. John Watkins.-j-

73. Richard, lie made his will 5 Aug., 1601. calling himself of Beaconsfield,
County Bucks, "gentleman." An abstract follows: To lie buried in Beacousfleld
churchyard, where my father was buried. To my sister Elizabeth Watkins, an
annuity of £10, and my brewhouse m Agmondesham for life, the reversion at her
death to her eldest son John Watkuis. To John, son of said John Watkins, £300
when 21. To Heniy Watkins, my sister's sou. £5, and £20 per annum for life.
To Anne Merridue, my sister's grandchild, £100 when 21. To Elizabeth Baldwin,
my sister's daughter, £5; and to all her children living at her death, or when she
shall be fortj' j'ears of age, £200 among them. To my son-in law, Edward Baldwin.
Esquire, anil Elizabetli his wife, each £5. To Thomas, my uncle, Mr. John Bald-
win's son, £.5. To Richard Baldwin, my uncle's grandchild, £50 when 21. To his
daughter Lane, £20; his daughter Clarke, £10; his daughter Mitchell, £20: and to
my Aunt Baldwin, £10. To my cousin, Mrs. Isabell Day, £20. To my cousin, Mr.
William Fisher's children, £50 equally, when 21. To my cousin, Mrs. Mary
Reynolds, £20. To my cousin, Mrs. Rebecca Filpott, £20. To the children of my
cousin, Mrs. Anne Roberts, deceased. £20. To my cousin, Mr. John Baldwin, of
Harvill, £50. To my aunt, Mrs. Rebecca Appleby, £20. To my son-in-law, Mr.
George Turfrey, £200. To my .said son-in-law, Mr. Edward Baldwin, and his heirs
forever, my capital messuage, &c., called Wilton's, where I now dwell, in Beacons-
field aforesaid (with other lands particularly described); also to him and mj' wife,
the residue of all my personalty; and I appoiut them joint executors.

The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 11 Dec, 1661,
by said Edward Baldwin, the relict Susanna renouncing the execution thereof
This Richard Baldwin's wife was Susanna, widow of Richard Turfrey, of London.
Her daughter, Elizabeth Turfrey, was the wife of Edward Baldwin, Esq., Bencher
of the Inner Temple, described in the former pnrt of this narrative as the Vth iu
the descent of the Dundridge line. The relationship between this Richard and
Edward had by this time become very distant; and* it is curious how the lattei thus
became enriched by marrying the daughter of the wife of his childless kinsman.

58. JOHX* Thomas =^ Sylvester"' John,^ baptised at Aston Clin-
ton, 15 Dec, 1588, and named in his fathers will 161|-. His will,
as of Chipping Wycombe, County Bucks, iron-monger; dated 2
March, 16|f. was proved 12 Feb'y, lOdJ-, in the Arcbdeaconry
Court of Bucks, by bis son Thomas. He named his wife Eliza-
beth, and his other children : John Baldwin, of Harville ; Eliza-
beth Lane, widow; Anne, wife of John Clarke; and Margary,

66 Baldwin Genealogy.

wife of Robert Mitchell. These are all named in the will of their
cousin Richard.

74. Thomas.4-

75. John.

76. Elizabeth, m. Lane.

77. Anne m. John Clarke.

78. Margary, m. Robert Mitchell.

72. ELIZABETH 5 Richard 4 Thomas ^ Sylvester"^ John,i m. be-
fore 1645, John Watkins, of Agmondesham, yeoman. She was
living in 1661 with children and grandchildren.

79. John, who, in 1661, had a son John.

80. Henry.

81. Elizabeth Baldwin, who, in 1661, had children, and was not forty years
of ase.


74. THOMAS^ John* Thomas 3 Sylvester 2 John. 1 He was, in
166f, his father's executor; made his will 21 May, 1666, describing
himself as of Chipping Wycombe, "hemp-dresser." He named
his mother Elizabeth, his wife Mary, his son Richard and his
daughter Mary, both under age. The original will is on file iu
the Archdeaconry Court of Bucks.

83. Richard.
83. Marv.


In 1870, I visited that portion of Buckinghamshire, England,
formerly inhabited by my ancestors. The locality was so inter-
esting to me, that some description of it ma}^ prove so to others.

Aston Clinton was a quiet little parish, about four miles from
Aylesbury, a county town. St. J-.eonard"s was a small church, or
chapel, built in the old English style.




Chapel of St- Leonard's, Buckinghamshire.

Its walls were the same that my ancestors bad viewed before
thev came to Xew Eno-land. The roof had been burned in the
revolution of 1G40, and was replaced. Inside was a mural monu-
ment to Samuel Baldwin, with the arms — three oak leaves slipped,
and the inscription : " Within this chapel are deposited the remains
'' of Mr. Samuel Baldwin, of the Parish of St. Paul, Covent Gar-
" den, and of this hamlet, who died the 23 of March, 1760, in the
" fJlst year of his age; and of Tryphene, his Avidow. who died the

68 Baldwin Gei^ccdogy.

" 23rd of April, 1780, in the 90th year of her age. They left two
" children, Joseph and Susanna, hy the eldest of whom this is
" erected to the memory of his parents."

The chapel farm, formerly in the tenure of Sylvester Baldwin,
lay directly across the street — a fine rolling, grass farm. There
were no Baldwins in the vicinitv, but the Baldwin woods were at
the other end of the farm. St. Leonard's is described, in 1842, by
Lewis, as "a chapelry of Aston Clinton, one hundred and forty-
seven inhabitants; living, a donative, £30. Patrons and impro-
prietors. Sir J. D. King, Bart. The Chapel is endow^ed with
lands producing £170 per annum." Before the dissolution of the
Abbeys, it seems to have been supplied by Missenclen Abbey, a
few miles ofl:'. "It is supposed," says Lipscomb (Hist, Bucks), to
have been originally built on the site of an ancient hermitage, or
cell, belonging to Missenden Abbey, and founded circa 1278."
The chapel, after the dissolution of the Abbey, was disregarded
until Queen Elizabeth granted its site, in 1586, to Edward
Wymarke. "It being then in the tenure of Sylvester Baldwin,
who also had other lands in the same parish, which the Queen
had granted to Sir Edward Stanley, kn't. and his heirs, probably
formerly belonging to a Chantry ;" but, in 1587, she further granted
to Wil. Zipper and Robert Dawe, Esqrs. inter al. "the decayed
" free chapel of St. Leonard's, a tenement called Chapel Farm,
" and all lands thereunto belonging, in Astan Clinton and Wen-
" dover, in the occupation of Sylvester Baldwin, tenendum, as of
"the manor East Greenwich, by fealty;" only with the proviso
that if, before the 22nd of ]^ov., 1 Eliz., any of the premises were
not unjustly detained, then the grant to be void.

It will have been noticed, that in the will of Richard of Dun-
dridge, 1636, is bequeathed one coffer, containing evidences con-
cerning chapel lauds.

Dundridge: Dunriche, Bunrigge, Bunrig, says Lewis, a small
hamlet. But more correctly, a single farm in St. Leonard's is a
reputed manor, having no copy-hold belonging to it. It was
probably separately called a manor, when the sergeantry of Paris
was vested in the Montagues, in the reign of Edw. 3, or Rich-
ard 2.

Diindridge and its Vicinity.


The descent of Dundridge is furnished me by that accomplished
scholar, Geo. AV. Baldwin, whose assistance I have so frequently
to acknowledge :

Simon de Moutacute-
d. 1316.

f William de Mont Acutoet Elizabeth, Aston Clinton

I I Manor, extent Wolveuham, acr' prati Wendover,

"William de Montacute — Eliz. -\ unum messuage Dun rigge in Aston, unum messuage

d. 1319-20, possessed | 100 acr. terr. & 2 gravi itm, (besides other lauds not

of Dundridge. [iuBucks.) 1 Cal. Inq. p. m., 13 Edw. 11, p. 393.

William de Montacute (cr. Earl of Salisbury)— ,
d. 1343.

dau. of William Lord Grandison.

John (2d son) — Margaret, dau. and heiress of Thos. Lord Monthermer.
d. 1390.

.John, Earl of Salisbury—. Maud (prob. 2d wife).

succeed uncle as Earl.
d. 1400.

d. 1423.

Thomas, Earl of Salisbury — Eleanor, sister and heir of Earl of Kent,
d. 1428.

Alice — Eichard Neville (cr. Earl of Salisbury.)
1 d. 1460.

Richard, Earl of Warwick —
d. 1471.

Isabel Neville-

George Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence,
bro. of Edw. iv. ; d. 1478.

Margaret, Countess of Salisbury,
beheaded 1541.

The manor of Dundridge came to the crown on her attainder.
In 1544, it was granted by Henry VIII. as the manor of Dunriche,
alias During, parcel of the possession of said Margaret, with Stone-
hill Grrove of live acres; Lady Grove, seven acres; Vie Grove, one
acre: and woods of coppices, called Braies, fourteen acres; St.
Mary coppices, four acres ; and other lands belonging to the same
manor in Aston Clinton, Chcsham and Wendover, to Sir John
Baldwin, his heirs and assigns. Several of the lands enumerated
above will be recognized as occurring in the wills of the Baldwins


Baldwin. Genealogy.

of Dundriclge. The manor seems to have gone from Sir John to
his daughter, Dorothy Pakington. She, as a widow, mortgaged
it, in 1574, to Sir John Spencer. First March, 1577-8, John Pak-
ington, son and heir of Dorothy, had license to alienate Dunrich
and other lands to Henry and Richard Baldwin, two of the sons of
the first Richard; and it remained in the family, as we have seen,
until 1748. In 1870, when I visited it, it belonged to Rev. H. A.
Jeffries, of Hawkhurst, near Staplehurst, Kent. It is in the parish
of Aston Clinton, and almost or quite in sight of the chapel of
St. Leonard's.

The dwelling is of brick, large for farm purposes, and bordering
a long, narrow common, extending from the higliAvay. Fifty
years since, there was an ancient building there, of which I learned
only that it was of good size and somewhat Elizabethan in style.
Toward the common was a deep ditch freshly kept open, and
called the moat." There were traces of its former continuation,
extending in front and on the side next the highway. In the rear,
the ditch — had there been one — would have been filled by the
litter of the barnyard; and on the remaining side, I could detect
no trace of it. The view here given of it is taken from the side
last mentioned^ which is not the best point of vieAv:

Dun BRIDGE lies much
nearer Cholesbury than to
the church at Aston Clin-
ton, and the Baldwins of
Dundridge appear to have
been known there. The
church at Cholesbury ap-
pears old, and the Rev. Mr.
Jester there took time from
a pressing engagement, to
show me close by the church
the remains of an old en-
campment, called I believe
by Mr. Jester a Danish, but in Murraj^'s Hand Book a British
camp. It is in good preservation, looking much like the best of
our ancient works of the kind in America. Lewis calls it one of
the finest Danish encampments in this kingdom, one mile in
circumference, with ditch in some places thirty feet deep. About
four miles from Aylesbury, and three from St. Leonard's, lies



DundriiUje and its Vicinity. 71

"Wendover, which recovered two members of Parliament through
John Hampden, and was several times represented by him. A
little beyond from St. Leonard's lies Great Hampden, the paternal
home of Hampden, with its grand old avenue of beeches; so long,
that one imagines the four thousand yeomen, who are said to have
ridden to London in sympathy for the patriot, congregated about
it. Hampden was buriedjiere, in 1643. In his will he remembers
John Baldwin.

A John Baldwin, of Wendover, seems to have been a man
of some prominence. Lipscomb notices "a view of Franc Pledge,
and Court Baron of John Baldwin, Esq., of Wendover, Baronie,
there holden 11 May, 1652; Thomas Smith, Steward." Li 1660,
he represented Wendover in Parliament; and as late as 7 -April,
1671, there was another view of Frank Pledge before him.

Lord INugent, in his Memorials of Hampden, says that Hampden
had an intention to emigrate to New England: that "this project
of emigration was defeated by an order of the King, in Council,
dated 6 April, 1638, by which all masters and owners of ships
were restrained from setting forth any vessels with passengers for
America, without special license. The immediate effect of this
monstrous edict is rendered remarkable by an event which has
thrown over the whole an air of strange fatality. Eight shijDs,
with respectable emigrants on board, were at this time lying in
the Thames, bound for the new colony. In one of these had
actually embarked, for their voyage across the Atlantic, two no
less considerable persons than John Hampden and his kinsman,
Oliver Cromwell." A special order was therefore issued detaining
the vessels by name. Lord Nugent gives several references. His
editor afiixes a note, that FovSter, in his "Statesmen of the Com-
monwealth," has shown that there is not sufficient authority for
the incident; but that Lord Nugent having offered no mark or
modihcatiou, he allows it to stand. Hume (Yol. 5, p. 85) considers
the fact beyond controversy. Southey, in his "Life of Cromwell,"
makes the emigrants bound for Saybrook, in Connecticut. It
seems that, in the spring or early summer of 1638, numbers from
the immediate vicinity of Hampden did emigrate, among whom
Silvester, in ship Martin, died June 21.

Among those in Xew Haven, Conn., in 1638, and Milford, in
1639, from the vicinity, were the many Baldwins, the Bryants,
Fenns, Stonehill, probably the Fowlers, and we cannot tell how


Baldmn Genealogy.

many otliers. The woods of Hampden end to the north upon the
brow of a lofty hill, called Green Holly. In the side of this chalk
hill is cut the "White Leaf Cross." It is about one hundred feet
long by seventy wide, and made by cutting off the turf, leaving
the bare chalk plainly visible for many miles. This monument is
of very remote antiquity, supposed by Mr. Wise, in a learned
letter to Browne Willis on the subject of Saxon Antiquities, to
commemorate a victory of Edward, King of West Saxons over
the Danes, early in the tenth century. "It appears, however,"
says Lord Nugent, "to have been intended as a memorial of the
last battle of the Britons with Hengist and Ilorsa, which was
fought over the extensive plains of Eisborough and Saunderton.
The Saxon princes planted their victorious standards on this
height, and on Bedlow Ridge adjoining, to recall their troops from
the pursuit.

This memorial probably seemed nearly as old to our aucesto
in 1636, as it does to us to-day; and they gazed on it, as did
and in all probability some of my ancestors assisted in making
time out of mind ago. At Great Misseuden, Avhich is near Di
dridge, are still the remains of the Abbe}', on a rising slope fi;

Missenden Church.

the road. It retains in its cloisters some scanty remains of the
walls of a religious house, founded for Black Canons in 1133.
I cannot give the date of Missenden Church. The authorities
speak of it as very ancient. It is said the tower at the west end

Dundridge and its Vicinity. 73

was origiijally early Euglisli, and that almost every sncceecling-
style of architecture appears ia the building. The oldest brass
mentioned in Lipscomb is dated in 153G.

It will be remembered that to the poor of Great Missendeu
were £:ifts made in the Dundridi!:e wills.

In all these old remains of antiquity, I fancied some memorials
of the life of my ancestors. Indeed, in 1639, Alice Baldwin, as
the last Abbess of Burnham Abbey, surrendered her house and
received a pension of £13, 6s and 8d. My whole visit to Bucks
county charmed me. Although no doubt very different from wliat
it was in 1636, it is very diiferent from our own country. The
quiet, picturesque places; the green grass everywhere, leaving no
bare earth. The "navigable feeder," or canal, was a narrow, deep,
clear stream, lined with trees and with grass to the water. The
farms and estates were pleasant. These parishes lie upon the edge
of Chilton Hills, and, in that, have pleasanter scenerj^ than many.
They are fertile, being celebrated long ago as that pleasant vale
'• of Aylesbury that walloweth in wealth." These lands, however,
are not owned by the tenants in small pieces, as they used to be.
Dundridge belonged to a non-resident, who had never seen it.
I^ear by was an estate bought for investment by the Mercers
Company. I think it was of London. Two of the Rothchilds
had large estates near by, one of them owning the whole parish
of Halton. The localit}^ was pleasant and healthy. While I was
in Aj^lesbury, the Sabbath school children were out on a picnic.
Hearing the noise of a return, I waited to see how the children
looked, whom I felt sure mustbe stout little boys, from the shouting
and joj^ous noises they made. I fancied my ancestors might have
been, in childhood, something like these, save. Sunday-school
picnics. But the return was of the little girls, stout, round and
rosy, prospectively stout women, well fitted for severe life in a
new land.

I ought perhaps to say a word or two about the Baldwin Arms.
It has been seen, hy the reader of the English genealogies, that
the lines represented in America are not presumed to be entitled
to them. Arms are in England hci-editary, and as much property
as real estate for instance. The general ideas of Americans about
Arms are very loose, and lead to such an engraving of seals and
other matters as startles a conscientious scholar. The Arms of
Sir John Baldwin appear, in Dugdale's " Origines Juridicales," as



Baldwin Genealogy.

three oak leaves slipped (in pairs). In Lipscomb, they are given
as three oak leaves slipped, acorned proper (natnral color). These
Arms appear, unacorned ia the Middle Temple, as Arms of Richard
Baldwin; and upon the tomb of Samuel Baldwin, in St. Leonard's.
The Arms granted in 1662, to Edward Baldwin, of AVilton, are
described as " argent a chevron ermine, between three oak branches
proper." The same Arms are used bv the Baldwins of County

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