C. C. (Charles Candee) Baldwin.

The Baldwin genealogy from 1500 to 1881 online

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Cork, Ireland, who emigrated there temp. Elizabeth, and who
probably came from County Bucks. It will be noticed, however,
tliat if they emigrated as «arly as that, they could not have been
descendants of Edward; and that, although the Baldwins of
America, as far as known, are not entitled to any of these Arms,
the ownership of them by other branches of grant, raises no
presumption that there was no collateral consanguinity.

The following is a cut of the Arms : three oak leaves slipped,
unacorned, which appears in the St. Leonard Chapel. With it is
the usual crest of the Baldwins of that vicinity, " a squirrel sejant,"
or a squirrel sitting, colored in gold. It is generally or always
represented as holding a "sprig of hazel," or oak, sometimes
acorned or unacorned.





Jeduthun_5aldv/im.

•?• LuKE_^flLDWIN ■'■■



There are in some of the Massachusetts lines of Baldwins, old
representations of Arms. I present one obtained from Vermont,
and having upon it the apparent fac similes of the signatures of



Dundridge and its Vicinity.



lb



JetUitliiiu and Luke of tlie Henry of Woburii branch. The crest
there is a grifhii, for which there seems to be no authority at all.

These Arms may have been furnished by some irresponsible
vender of arms in Boston, shortly after the Revolution, or obtained
from books of heraldry. I have a drawing of the last Arms from
George Baldwin, Esq., son of Loammi (Woburn branch), with a
squirrel as the crest, holding an acorned oak branch. He is able
to tell whence it came. His father obtained it in Xew York
during the Revolution, and intended to have it engraved, but was
driven from New York too soon.

The Baldwins of Herts and Bucks, who Avere granted Arms in
early times, had them quite similar to those of Sir John; and I
confess I believe they had probably this reason for it, that they
were collaterally related to him.

A.RMS OF BALDWINS.

From Burke's Eiicyolojjeilia of Herakhy, London, 1S44.

Bawdewyn ( Ar. a bead lozengy or, betw. six lions rampant sa.

or, -
Bawdwen. ( Crent : A sceptre in pale or.

Bawdwen. . .Or., a cross patonce gu., betw. four lozenges vert.

Bawdwin. . . . Sa. , a bend, between six billets ar.

Baavdwls (Shropshire.) Ar. , a saltire sa."

B.\WDWYX . . .Or., a fesse betw. three water bougets gu.

Bawdwyx . . .Az. , a star of sixteen points or.

Baldwin (Wilton, Beaconsfield, Co. Bucks.) Ar., a chev. ermines, betw. three

oak branches proper.

Baldwin ...(Hunts.) Per pale az^ and or, a fleur de-lis, betw. three crescents
counter changed.

Baldwin .... (Stede Hill, Co. Kent,) Gu., a griffin segreant or. Crest: A lion
rampant az. , holding in the paws a cross crosslet fitchee or.

Baldwin .... (Shropshire.) Per pale ar. and sa., a lion counterchanged.

BALDWIN . . i' (Didd.lebury Salop.) Descended from Roger Baldwyn, of Dodelebury,
) living in 1390.) Arg., a saltire sa. Crest: On a mount vert., a cock-

Baldwyn. . \ atrice ar., wattled, combed and beaked or., ducaily gorged, and lined
^ of the last.

Baldwin .... (Elsich and Stoke Castle. Salop, and Aqualate. ) As preceding.

B.vLDWiN . . ..(Co. Cork, borne by Herbert Baldwin, M.D., of Cork, late its repre-
sentative in Parliament.) Arg., a chev. erm., betw. three oak
branches, ppr. quartering the ensigns of Herbert. Crest : A dove,
with the olive branch ppr. Motto : Est voluntas Dei.

Baldwin (Ljdand. Co. Lane.) Same as Baldwin Diddlebu;y Salop. Motto: Je

n'oublierai pas. "

Baldwin .... Ar. , six oak leaves in pairs, two in chief, and one in base vert, stalks
sa., their points downward. Crest: A squirrel sejant oi".

Baldwin . . . .Ar., a cbev. ermines, betw. three hazel springs vert. Crest: A squirrel

sejant or., holding a hasel sprig vert.
Baldwyn. . . .Bendy, of six ar. and gu., a chief or.




'" (^y^)atJ/eado



Plan of Early Milford, Connecticut.



Richard Baldwin, of Milford, Conn



AND HIS DESCENDANTS.



1. RICHARD BALDWIN, of Milford, was son of
Baldwin (who died 21 June, 1638, on the passage over from
on ship Martin) ; and his wife, Sarah (Bryan) Baldwin. An
He was baptised in the Parish Aston Clinton, Buckinghai
England, 25 August, 1622, and probably born not long I
He perhaps came with his father, or possibly earlier. He ^
not have been Richard, of Braintree, Mass., i^l 1637, as supp
by Savage; as Richard, of Braintree, must have been much oK
(See Henry, of Woburn.) He evidently had a good education .
the times. His handwriting was as tine as I have seen in any ear.
record.



ro-r^'y



He frequently- appeared as attorney before the General Court
at New Haven; and his arguments are so redolent of the shrewd,
technical manner of the time, that it would seem as if he must
have had some schooling in that manner. I think it not unlikely
he was in some attorney's office, perhaps in London — a position
the Baldwins of Bucks and Herts inclined to; influenced thereto
perhaps by the eminent success of their probable kinsman. Sir
John Baldwin, Chief Justice. He was probably in the office of
his uncle Henry, a lawyer. This name appears upon the first
page of Milford Records, 20 jSTov., 1639, among "those persons
whose names are hereunder written are allowed to be Free
Planters, having for the present liberty to act in the choyce of
public officers for the carrying on of public affayers in this planta-
tion." He was then in church fellowship, according to Lambert,
yet he joined the church, 9 May, 1641. Among the names of the
planters at Xew Llaven, in 1643 (X. II, Col. Rec, 91,) appears
AVid. Baldwin, five in family, estate 800, &c. But at least ten



78 Baldwin Genealogy.

other names appear in the two lists, and in the Xew Haven list
near together. Among them were fonr of the five judges first
chosen in Millbrd. "• The power was settled in the church to
choose persons out of themselves to divide the lands into lots as
they shall have light from the word of God, and to take order for
the timber." He m., after "5 Feb'y, 164f, Elizabeth Alsop, sister
of Joseph,"' of New Haven, as at that date she joined the church
in Milford m her maiden name.

The location of his homestead appears in 1646, he being No. 2,
three acres on the west side of the Wepawaug river, just north of
the present residence of Selah Strong, Esq. On one side (No. 1,
extreme north, on the west side of the river,) was his step-father,
Capt. John Astwood; and on the other, Benjamin Fenn, also
an eminent citizen, and who m. his sister. The same year, 31
Dec-, young as he was, he was first of a committee of five appointed
to equalize the lots then divided, "in the Oyster meadow, the
Round meadow, the Calf-Pen meadow, the two Fresh meadows,
Dreadfui Swamp meadow, the Beaver Pond meadow, and other
parcels not 3'et disposed of." At the close of the next month (28
Jan'y), it was ordered, "that the town do grant half of Beaver
Pond meadow, which is unprised, unto Richard Baldwin and
Thomas Tibbals, provided they drain it within six months next
coming;" 20 May, 1647, he was granted his quarter division, "in
the place where he desireth;'" 22 June, 1648, "his other quarter
division," next to his former; 8 Jan'y, 1648, Baldwin and Tibbals
had drained the swamp, and wanted the land (Beaver Pond), they
held with the town, divided : the town gave them the upper end.
In 1662, he had, with four others, grant of a marsh. His name
frequently appears in many ways, and he was evidently an active,
energetic, intelligent man of business. He was quite prominent
in the settlement of Paugusset (Derb}^, Conn.) At Milford meet-
ing, June 10, 1655, as Sarj't Baldwin, he was chosen, with Mr.
Fenn, Ensign Bryan and fearj't East, to "treat and agree with the
Indians, being tlie true proprietors for all or any part of the land
purchased betwixt Pagasich k us that falls within our line; and
what agreement they make, the town is to stand to it, according
to the promises expressed." This was perhaps in response to
an application, of which the Governor of New Haven Colony
informed the General Court, 30 Mav, 1655, who said that Richard



RichanU of MUford, Connecticut. 79

Baldwin, if not some others of Milford, had bine av*'' liim, and
desired liberty from y'' court to buy some land of y'' Indians
about Pauguset; but the magistrate & deputies for Milford desired
they might not have leave till they may more fully understand
the minds of their toune, to whom they think it will be offensive
if granted." The next October, Richard made a report to the court
(1 New Haven Col. Rec, 156), to which the court made answer,
*' receiving the place under the jurisdiction granting leave to be a
small village,"" without being under New Haven or Milford. The
court also "condescended" that the petitioners might buy land of
the Indians. 3. They are willing that one among themselves,
such as the court shall approve of, shall be intrusted with power
and authoritie to call meetings, execute warrants, moderate in
causes of difference, and take y® best course "he can to carry on
things in an orderly and peaceable way." 4. Paugasset was to
be free from rate for three years. "Richard Baldwin was now
appointed to be y® man to carry on ye trust before mentioned;
liee also now declared that they did intend to purchase large tracts
of land of the Indians," &c. 28 May, 1656, the Paugasset business
"was now againe in question," the magistrates and deputies for
Milford objecting to it; and after many debates, it was suggested
that the owners resign their claims to Milford, on being paid for
the same. Richard Baldwin, for himself and the rest, wanted
more accommodation at Milford, "so that the}' may subsist in a
comfortable way to maintain stockes suitable to their families,
and Milferd to pay what they had laid out. Millferd men replyed
they had not where with all to doe it, &c. "In the time, the court
advised both p'ties to peace," and Paugasset to cease until to see
if the matter could be arranged. 27th, 3d month, 1657, the
business was "againe revived," Richard Baldwin giving conditions
in writing which the court thought reasonable, and "desire Mil-
ferd and they may joyne in a loveing way; but if Milferd refuse,
it is like Newhaven will accept them. 1st, They had liberty to
buy Indians' land over jSTaugatuck River, and above them north-
ward up into the cuntrye;" 2nd, Avere to bear their proportion
of public service; 3rd, to be free from rates particularly concerning
Milford paying "jurisdiction rates;" and to the ministrie at Mil-
ferd, so long as they enjoye the same," and "there share towards
the killino; of woulves and foxes," In 1659, the court seem to



80 Baldirin Gemalor/i/.

have been quite uncertain as to the prospect of Paugasset, pro-
viding that if it "became not a village to the purposes formerly
exprest by y*^ court, betwixt this and y® general court in May
next, that the place shall be deserted in reference to settled habita-
tion." 30 May, 1660 : " Sarjeant Baldwin informed that an Indian,

called , the proprietor of the meadow called hogg's meadow,

had bestowed the said meadow upon him; and the said Richard
Baldwin desired that it might be an appendix to Paugasset, where
some further preparations had been made this winter, by fencing,
for the carrying it o to ^ village." Milford objected it would
straiten them, "to w^* Sarjeant Baldwin answered, that he con-
ceived it must fall one of these three ways, the meadow being his:
1, that either it be an appendix to Paugasset; or 2nd, he being a
planter at Milferd, he may enjoy it; or thirdl}', if Milferd have it,
he may have a valuable consideration for it." The court expressed
dissatisfaction that Paugasset was not in a "settled way." " Sar-
jeant Baldwin pleaded that he was hindered by obstruction he
had met with by ye ordinary at Milferd, and by sickuesse the last
summer."

This deed is recorded (Col. Record of Lands, Vol. 1, p. 292),
as follows: "At a meeting with Towtanimoe, Sagamore of Paw-
gusset, together Avith some other Pagusset Indians, his subjects, at
the house of Richard Baldwin, at Milford, March 2d, 1659-60,
the sayd Sagamore did grant the meadow, known and denominated
by the name of Hogg Meadow * * unto Richard Baldwin, * * *
and doth farther promise and engage, that when the proprietors of
Pawgussett shall there come to possesse and improve these property
there, he will then sell and make over to them what other upland
or meadow shall be for their convenience; and likewise doth
ingage, in the meantime, not to make over, sell or dispose of any
land * * '^- between the west branch of the Milferd Mill River and
Patatuch River, east & west; and from the little river on the north
side of Grassy Hill, and so northward unto the hither end of the
place commonly called deare's delight, unto any other * * persons
whatever," &c. Signed by Tawtanimoe, James, Chub, Succuseoge,
Secochduneege, Sassanghsough and Wanwumpecun Indians. then
present.

By a deed dated 6 Sep., 1661, Tawtanimoe gave to Richard
Baldwin "all the upland adjacent to Hogg's Meadow," "to begin



Rivharil, of JlilJ'urd, Comiccdriit. 81

at Milferd line on the south side; and the north side goeth up to
the path which goeth from Pagassett to New Haven ; and the west
side from Milferd line w^here the cartway now is that o^oeth over
the Brooke which is on the north side of Grassy Hill; and so
broad as it is there to Milford Mill River, the same bredth it is to
runn from the sayd Mill Eiver at Pagassett path on the north side
towards Pagassett: also all the great swamps that lyeth on the
east side of the said Mill River, from Milford lyne northward and
eastward unto the uttermost bounds of it."' This is signed by the
marks of Towtanimoe, Younkitihue and Towhege, Indians present
at the giving of the land.

15 Sep., 1665, Ockenung, the sole and onely Sagamore ot
Pagassett, with the assent of his subjects and his fellow pro-
prietors, confirmed the grants formerly made, and granted them
a new deed (Col. Rec. of Lands 1, 388; see Conn. Col. Rec.
1665-1677, p. 51o). Richard was then dead; and we shall see,
under his son Barnabas, what a curious history Hogg Meadow
had. At tlie Court of Electors, held at Hartford, May 10, 1666, a
committee was appointed to view these lands, and see what they
were and whether fit for a township. The settlement went on,
and in 1675 was named Derby. I do not believe Richard ever
lived there. The first book of Derby is a small, meagre one. It
shows: "Item: Mr. Goodyear, Mr. Wakeman, Mr. Gilbird, of
Xew Haven, hath, bargained and sold to Richard Baldwin and,
several others, of Milferd, a tract of land at a place called Paga-
suck, and by their men, above named, put under jSTew Haven
jurisdiction in the year 1655. The house lots are then drawn.
Richard has one-half more than the others. He bought out Isaac
Piatt, exchanged with Ebenezer Riggs, and at his death had 4i
acres, instead of 2, which "all her living at Pagasuck" his widow
sold to Mr. Alexander Bryan.*

* Savag-e suggests that Richard Baldwin nia.N' have settled at Derby, but I do not think so. He was sick
in Milford, 1659-'(i0; member for Milford KiO:^ to his death. His estate, as of Milford, was settled at Hartford.
He was mentioned very frequently, and as of Milford. Paiigassett was likely a trading po^t. The first
mention I find of it is in New Haven Col. Rec, 1642, where two men were watching at Pawgussett. In
16-tC, a protest was received from the Dutch to "thee, Theopheles Eaten, Goveiior of the place called the
Red Hills, in New Xetherland (but by the English called New Haven), against an establishment to draw
and destroy trade near the Mauritius (Hudson) river.'' Answer was returned, that they h;ul lately built a
small house upon the Pawgussett river, which they claimed to be within their own limits. Derb\', at the
confluence of the Xaugatuck and the Housatonic, was a good place to draw trade, and likely by the river
last named drew from the Hudson. Dr. O'Calaghan (N.Y. Col. Doc, Vol. 1, page 284,) says the post
complained of was Springfield, Mass. I think this could not be. It was spoken of immediately after
"Stanifert," and it was said the English of New Haven established the place.



82 Baldicin Genealofjy.

Richard Baldwin, in 1657, "propounded that he might hire of
the jurisdiction the customs and excise of such wine and strong
liquors as he should draw and sell hj retayle," for which he g^ve
ten pounds a year. It seems that Ensign Brj^an had kept the
ordinary, but growing tired of it, the town pitched upon another
to succeed him; and, in 1656, the town had complained of him for
breaking the court order in "selling strong water'' at a higher
price than there allowed. Richard no doubt was a prudent, able
man, and intended to sell strong water in a m-anner becoming a
Puritan, and possibly not higher than the court allowed.

It happened, however, in May, 1659, that John Heardman was
complained of for being drunk and disorderl}'; and the marshall
undertaking to arrest him, he "hitt his hatt o' the ground, and
bid the marshal touch him if he durst (Col. Rec, p. 271). Heard-
man thought they only had "3 or 4 quarts" for four persons,
a y^h ye t-Qu^.t witnessed against as an excessive quantity for so
small a company, w* y"^' court will consider of." Mr. Fenn said
Mr. Heardman had friends who would speak for him. Being asked
who, he named Sargent Baldwin ; but he now said y* sargent
Baldwin had alwayes given him gcod counsell; to w^'^ it was said,^
had he given him more good counsell, and less liquors, it had
been well. It afterward appeared that eleven men drank five
pints, and "Baldwin desired that God would help him, while hee
continues in that employment, to be more watchful," and that it
happened while Richard was sick — the same sickness no doubt
alluded to before. It appears that he was then keeping the
ordinary: although it would seem now as if it was somewhat out
of the centre of the town, unless he had changed location.
Richard often appeared as attorney before the General Court of
'New Haven, arguing in the manner of the day, rather technical
for ours, but confining himself more to the case in hand, and with
much less respect to hearsay evidence than was common in that
day. At the General Court in June, 1654, it looked as if the
designe against y^ Duch is like to goe on, and men were agreed
on, of which Milford was to furnish tw^enfy-one. Richard was
the one Ensign chosen for the colony. He was a member of the
General Court for Milford, from May, 1662, to May, 1664, inclu-
sive. In December, 1664, Milford liad broken " off from y« colony
so y* neither magistrate or deputie attend the general meeting






Richard^ of M'dford, Connecticut. 83

The fact is, that by vote of the town, they had submitted them-
selves to Coniiecticiit, 17 Xov., 1G(j4. At this meeting of the
General Court, a committee, of whom Richard Baldwin was one,
was appointed "fory*" consumating- of matters betwixt Conccticutt
and us." They "were empowered and intrusted with the whole
aiFayre" in p'paratory w^ay, communicating to y^ severall townes
what they agree upon for their concurrence and coniirmation.
Richard Baldwin had been unusually active and prominent for
his age up to the union, which he favored in Milford. He died,
however, 23d Jul}-, 1665, and his estate was presented at Hartford
23 Sept., 1665. His eldest son received, as usual, a double portion.
His youngest child, born after his death, was omitted altogether.
His widow m. 2"^' in 1670, as his 2"'' wife, William Fowler,- Wil-
liam.^- *

Her second husband was b. in England; m., as early as 1645,
Mary Tapp. He had, all by first wife, sons John, Jonathon,
Mark, William ; and daus. Sarah ; Hannah, m. Daniel Buckingham ;
Sarah m, John Smith; Mary; Deborah, m. Jere Lambert; Mercy,
m. John Bills, of Lebanon, it is said. William Fowler was ^
leading, w^ealthy citizen in 1666; made lieutenant to "y^ train
Band at Milferd," Deputy 1673, and same year one of the standing-
council of war in the colony against the Dutch. In 1676, he was
made captain. His will, dated Oct., 1682, proved 15 June,1683,pays
a handsome tribute to his wife. He says : "//? primis, concerning
my dear and loving wife, Elizabeth Fowler, my will concerning her,
and as a token of my tender aifection to her (y* hath been a tender,
dutiful and loving wife to me), I say that my will is (if it should
please her to live with my children, to be a guide and help to
them as a mother and head of a familv, I doe much desire it
may be so), that she shall have the east end of my dwelling-
house," &c. It appears, by New Haven Record, that she died
July, 1688.

After the death of Richard, his mother made the deed, a copy
of which follows. It is found in the Records of the County



''^ It is not known whence the Fowlers came. When in Bucks, England, in 1870, I found the name still
in Aylesbun-, and that the family was in the vicinity before the emigration, with the given names common
to the family here. I therefore thought it probable that the Fowlers were from that vicinity— a view
atloptei by that high authority, Prof. William C. Fowler, of Durham, Conn. A search might make the
connection. It is curious to note how far the intimacies and marriages of the Baldwins of this branch
■were with families from Bucks.



84 Baldwin Gciunloijij. ,

Court of New Haven, Vol. 1, page 3, and gave the first clue to the
English connection :

To all Christian people to whom these presents shall come: Sarah Baldwin,
otherwise Astwood, now of New England, widdow% formerly wife of Silvester
Baldwin, sometime of Aston Clinton, in ye County of Bucks, deceased, and after the
wife of John Astwood, of Milford, in New England aforesaid, deceased,. ye surviving
executrix of ye last w-ill and testam* of ye sd Silvester, send greeting:

Whereas, Frances Cheyne, heretofore of Chesham Boys, in the county of Bucks,
Esquire, by indenture bearing date the one & twentieth day of June, in ye ninth j^eare
of ye Raigne of ye late King Charles, for & in consideracion of twenty pounds of
Lawfull money of England, to himt)y Richard Baldwin, of St. Leonard's, in ye parish
of Aston Clmton aforesaid, pd. hath demised, granted. Bargained, sould, & to farme
Letten, unto ye s*i Richard Baldwin, all y* cottage or tenemt, with ye appurtenances,
where Tompkins then dwelt, situate 6c being in ye parish of Aston Clinton,

& also one little closse of Land, with the appurtenances, in Aston Clinton, contayuing by
estimation one acre A: twentj'-five poles, be it more or less, adjoyneingto ye sd cottage
or tenement, ic to ye Land of the before-named Richard Baldwin, Cidled Branfield on
the one side, & to the Comon, or wast, called Si. Leonard's Comon on the north, & ■
also all houses. Edifices, Barns, Buildings, Stables, yards, orchards. Gardens, Comons,
profitts tfc comodities to ye sd Cottage or Tenniment and closs, or both of y'"> belonging
or appertaining; to have and to hold j-e sd Cottage, Tenniment & little Close of Land,
& all & singular other the premises by the sd Indenture demised or granted, with
their appurtenances, unto ye sd Richard Baldwin, his Executors & assignes, from
ye day of ye Date of ye sd Indenture, unto ye full end & tearme, & lor & during the
full time and tearme of one Tliousand years from thenceforth immediately ensucing,
to be complete it ended w'ithout impeachment of wast, under and for ye yearly Rent
of one pepper corne, as by the sd Indenture more at large appeareth;

And whereas, the said Richard Baldwin afterward, by his last will & Testament in
writing, bearing date the eighteenth day of February, in ye yeare of our Lord one
Thousand six hundred & sixty «.t one, did nominate & appoint the sd Silvester
Baldwin sole executor of sd last will ifc Testament, and alter died, l.\y meanes whereof
the sd Silvester Baldwin deceased became possessed & interested of & in the sd cottage
or tenniment &. Closs of Land, with ye appurtenances ; and afterwards he, ye sd Silvester
Baldwin, hy his Last will and Testament in writing, made the one & twentieth day
of June, in j-e yeare of our Lord one Thousand six hundred thirty & eight, nominated
the sd Sarah & Richard Baldwin, the son, executors of his sd last will and Testament,
by means whereof the sd Sarah & Richard Baldwin, since also deceased intestate, became
possessed and interested of tt in the sd cottage or Tenniment &. closse of Land, with
the appurtenances;

Now witness these presents: That I, the sd Sarah Baldwin, otherwise Astwood, the
relict & surviveing executrix of ye said Silvester, for & in consideration of the sume



Online LibraryC. C. (Charles Candee) BaldwinThe Baldwin genealogy from 1500 to 1881 → online text (page 8 of 96)