C. Drury E. (Charles Drury Edward) Fortnum.

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and a decree of the senate in 1665 prohibiting the importation or
sale in Venice of any sort of foreign earthenware by any person




not being a member of the guild, but upon the condition that that
body should keep the city well supplied with " latesini," and that
shops should be kept open for its sale. From the general tenor
of this petition we may reasonably infer that at the period of its
presentation the potter's art in Venice was reduced to the pro.



MAW LIC A. 183

duction of very ordinary wares. It is curious also, and perhaps
confirmatory of the inferiority of Venetian artistic pottery, that an
exception in the decree against importation should be made in
favour of the maiolica of Valencia, which we know also to have
been imported into Genoa. This ware, which had once been
excellent, had greatly deteriorated in 1664. The culminating
period of the excellence of Venetian pottery in respect to painting
and design was probably the middle of the sixteenth century.

The earliest dated example is a deep circular dish in the
writer's collection, the centre of which is occupied by the figure
of a mermaid floating on the sea, a horn in her right hand, and
regarding herself in a mirror which she holds in her left ; the wide
border is covered with intricate and very elegant arabesque sprays
of foliage with fruits and flowers, among which are birds. The
whole is painted in dull pale blue on a grey enamel and
heightened with white, and on the reverse is the inscription
" 1540 * adi • 16 • del • mexe * deotvbre." In the Brunswick
museum there is a large dish, having the subject of Moses and
Aaron entreating Pharaoh, with a rich border of medallions
figurative of the months, &c, and the inscription " 1568. Zener
Domenigo da Venecia Feci in la botega al ponte sito del Andar a
San Paolo." Pieces are in various collections having for mark a
C-formed fish hook, with loop at one extremity and barbed point
at the other. The only name which occurs in connexion with
these examples is that of one Dionigi Mari/u\ who signs a plate
having this mark twice repeated, and the date 1636. In 1753
the Bertolini obtained a decree of the senate permitting them
to open a shop in Venice for the sale of their maiolica, free for
ten years of all import and export duties. Notwithstanding, the
manufactory had ceased before the expiration of the term of the
decree in 1763, when it was annulled.

The leading characteristic of the enamelled pottery produced
at Venice in the sixteenth century is a close buff-coloured body,
covered by an even glaze of grey colour, produced by the ad



184



MAJOLICA.



mixture of a small portion of zaffre, and known as " smaltino."
Upon this the design was outlined and shaded in blue, of a rather
low tone, the high lights being touched in with white. Engraved




is a large dish, very elegantly ornamented, probably made about
1540. The reverse of the dishes generally have a belt of foliated
sprays round the rim, and radiating flutings or alternating thin
and thicker lines round the " cavetto." It is worthy of remark



MAJOLICA.



i»5



that some of the Paduan wares are similarly ornamented, and we
may thence infer some connexion between the establishments or
an attempt at imitation ; the fact that a cross was adopted as a
mark at both places is also noteworthy.




The Venetian wares of the last century which, without positive
proof, are generally believed to have been produced by the
Bertolini have also distinctive qualities. They are remarkable
for their thinness and lightness ; baked at a high temperature,
they are almost as sonorous as metal ; the ornamentation round
die rim is frequently executed in rilievo, and they have been mis-



i86



MAIOLICA.



taken for enamelled copper with repousse flowers, &c. The
colours used were generally blue and brown, with yellow occa-
sionally, on a pale blue or dull white ground.




We must refer to the large catalogue of the collection of
Maiolica at South Kensington, for notices of the less important
establishments at Treviso, Bassano, Padua, Verona, and some
other towns : as also at Milan, Turin, and Naples. In the last
city, at the royal fabrique of Capo di Monte established in 1736,
several varieties of fine ware were made, from a beautiful artificial



MAJOLICA. 187

porcelain to a faience of high quality, of which, however, little
seems to have been produced.

In every large collection pieces will be found for which it is not
easy to assign any place as the fabrique at which they were pro-
duced. The very interesting piece (in the woodcut p. 185) at
South Kensington, no. 2562, is an example: it is of early date,
and a certain oriental character about the design would suggest the
influence of Moorish potters. Another such example is the dish,
no. 2593, of the fifteenth century and probably of Tuscan origin ;
we give also a woodcut of this.



THE END.



INDEX.



PAGE

Alhambra, tiles and vase 14, 75
,, vase, copy . -77
Altar pieces, ascribed to Giorgio 1 14
Amatorii pieces . . .64
Anatolian wares . . . 7 1
Andreoli, maestro Giorgio 29, 36,

42, 114
,, his use of the ruby

tint . . .118
,, distinctions of his

works . . 118, 119

,, first dated piece . 120

,, ,, and signed 121

,, characteristics. . 122

Arabic inscriptions . . .16

Babylonian pottery ... 5
Bacini, at Pesaro, &c. 10, 18, 22
Barbatina, explained . .129
Bartolomeo . . . .152
Bassano . . . . .186
Beads, maiolica . . .64
Benedetto, maestro . . . 177
Betrothal dishes . . • 30
Boccoleri, of Venice, their pe-
tition .... 181

Bologna 176

Borgo san Sepolero . -154

Botega, the meaning . . 1

Cachan ware . . . .66
Cresare da Faenza . . .151



PAGE
27

43
62

88'
89



Caffaggiolo ....
,, under the Medici .

,, usual subjects

,, potteries

,, characteristics

,, examples at South

Kensington
,, name variously spelt

Calata-Girone potteries .
Camillo da Urbino .
Campani, Ferdinand o
Capo di monte
Castel Durante . 37, 127, 128
,, earliest signed

piece
,, general decora-

tion .
Cencio, maestro
Chigi, cardinal, at San Quirico
Chinese porcelain, imitations .
Ciarla .....
Coffins, made of ware



92
94.

177

154
1S6



130, 132



130

124

154
46

152

5



Damascus plate
,, ware
,, the name should be

revived
,, lamp
,, two varieties .
Diruta, madreperla .

,, potteries
Discs, on walls at Bologna, &c.



68



69
69
69
30

154
10



190



MAJOLICA.



Discs, at Pisa
Duccio, Agostino



PAGE

18
28



PAGE



Egyptians, anciently used glaze 3
,, turquoise blue . 5

Elizabethan "Damascus" ware 69
Enamelled wares . . .12
English reproductions . 50, 74



Enrico da Modena



177



F. R. monogram . . .170

Fabriano, potteries . - 157

,, mark and date 157, 158

Fabrique, the meaning . . I

Faenza, examples . 23, &c, 40

,, origin of name . 61, 163

,, potteries . . .163

,, earliest dates . .164

,, five divisions . .166

,, early characteristics . 171

, , late examples . . 173

Fayence, how made . . 3

Ferrara potteries . . 34, 177

,, examples . . -179

Florentine porcelain . . 47

Fontana, Camillo . . 37, 147

,, Flaminio . . .148

,, Francesco . .127

Orazio . 43, *39, 146

,, originally Felliparii 127,

137

,, Guido . . . 142

,, Gironimo . . . 147

Forgeries . . . 49, 126

Forli 175

Fornarina . . . -45
Francesco Durantino . .150
Franco, Battista . . 43, 150
French reproductions . 50, 74
Furnaces, as explained by Pic-

colpasso . . . . $6



Gabriele



152



German, early enamel glazing .


21


Giannantonio .


.


152


Giorgio. See Andreoli.






Giovanni da Modena


.


177


Glaze, vitreous, invented in


the




East


.


1, 2


,, upon tiles


.


9


Gombron ware


.


67


Graeco-Roman pottery


.


8


Gubbio, vases, &c. .


.


38


,, wares





in


., early date


.


ii3


Guy, from Castel Durante


.


152



Hispano-moresque vase . 15

., pottery, rare

in Spain . 20
, , a doubtful

variety . 7 1
,, formerly un-

distinguished 75
,, varieties . 76

House of Loretto, dust col-
lected to make cups, &c. . 160

Imola . . . . .176
Isabella d'Este . . J 177
Ispahan tiles . . . .67
Italian pottery, various names . 61
Ivica potteries . . .79



Lanfranchi family
wares



Lead-glazed wares .
Lindus wares .
Lombard potteries .
Loreto drug pots and vases



. 40
. 104
. 6

65, 69

• 34

• 43,
144, 145

,, potteries . . .159

Lustre, applied in Persia, »S:c. . 6

,, earliest trace in Europe 18



,,



madreperla



MAJOLICA.



191



PAGE



Lustre pigments, the secret lost 126
modern imitations . 126



Madreperla lustre .




30


Maestro, the title .


114


Maiolica, the term . 20, 78


, 112


,, proper restriction


21


, , vases or drug pots ai




Loreto .


43


,, beads




64


Majorca ware .




77


Malaga ware .




76


Manara (Baldasara)




169


Mantua, potteries .




180


Mariana (Gian)




152


Mariani .




152


Merlino, Guido




151


Metallic lustre




iS


Metauro loam




128


Mezza-maiolica




21


,, outlines ai


id de




signs .




30


Milan ....




i85


Modena, potteries .




j 79


Monte Lupo pottery




100


,, inscription




IOI


Moorish periods in Spain


14


,, in Sicily


• 17


,, art, prohibited in Span


1 76


Mosque lamp .


.


69



Nahinna ware
Naples, reproductions

,, potteries .
Natinz ware .
Nicola da Urbino .

first



?>



signed



piece
Orazio (Fontana) examples

Padua ....
Patanati, their productions



67

186

67
I3S



133
146



1S6
1^2



PAGE

Patanati, Vincenzio, his child-
ish attempts . .152
Pelliparii, afterwards Fontana 127
Persian wall tiles . . 7, 65
., ware at Pisa . .18
,, ,, origin . . 65

,, ,, how to be divided 67
Perugino, portrait . . . 135
Pesaro, ancient potteries . 10, 29,

32, 103
,, madreperla. . 30, 103
,, renaissance potteries

103, 106
,, ., inscriptions io5

., ,, earliest dated 108



, , modern
Piccolpasso, his book

,, his botega

Picchi, Georgio
Pirota (casa) .
Pisa, potteries
Plumbeous glaze
Pottery, orFayence, how made

,, Grreco-Roman .



no

51
112

152

166

101

8






8



best period of Italian 42



Raffaelle, his designs
,, ware, so-called

Ravenna, potteries .

Rhodian wares

, , characteristics .

Robbia, Luca della .

,, Notice of his life,
Mr. Robinson .

,, Andrea

,, Giovanni .

,, ■ Girolamo .
Roman potteries

,, in sixteenth century

., style of decoration

, , biscuit porcelain .
Romano, Giulio



42—45
. 62

• 34

. 69

. 70

22, 25,

27, S9

by

24
28
28
28

45
160

161

162

48



192



MAJOLICA.



St. Sebastian, rilievo, ascribed

to Giorgio .
Saltzburg, chimney piece
San Quirico, potteries
Sassuolo, potteries .
Savino, Guido
Scodelle
Seggers, as explained by Pic

colpasso
Sgraffiati, wares

,, ,, the method

Sicilian lustred ware
Siena, potteries

,, marks .
Silvano, Francesco .
Stanniferous, enamel, earliest

date ....
Strehla, terra-cotta pulpit



Teheran ware
Terra-cotta discs, on walls

pulpit .
Tiles, on Avails, &c. 10,

,, of the Alhambra .

,, at Leipsic

,, in mosques .

., of Ispahan .

., in the Seraglio

., modern Indian

,, at Cordova .

,, at Siena

,, Faenza .
Tondi, of Luca della Robbia
Tondino, the form .
Treviso ....
Turin ....



PAGE
I20

21

154

ISO

38
63

54
86
86

84
96

99
152

27
21

67

9, 10

21

22, 72

H

21



65
67

72

73

75
96

165

24

63

186

186



5>



PAGE

Unknown fabriques, examples 186
Urbino, sketch of the ducal

history. . . • 35
vases, &c. . . -38
ware, the name . . 62
ancient wares . .136
,, decorations . . 152

,, no modern artistic pot-
tery . . .153

Valencia, potteries . 14, 79> 82

., emblem of the Eagle 80
, , ware, brought to Eng-
land in 1400 . . S3
Vases, different shapes as given

by Piccolpasso . . . 52

Venetian potteries . 34, 37, 181

,, earliest dated . .183

Verona ..... 1S6

V.I.N., monogram. See Cen-

cio . . . . .124
Vincenzio Patanati . . . 152
Viterbo, example of ware . 15S
Vitreous, or glass-glazed wares 4



Ware, soft and hard



Xativa potteries



3
80



Zanto, Francesco . . . 14S
,, Mr. Robinson's judg-
ment on his works . 14S
,, too severe . . .149

Zonan, Antonio . . .181



LONDON : BUADBURY, AGNEW, & CO., PRINTERS, WHITEFRIARS.



SOUTH KENSINGTON MUSEUM
ART HANDBOOKS.

Edited by William Maskell.



1. TEXTILE FABRICS. By the Very Rev. Daniel

Rock, D.D. With numerous Woodcuts.

2. IVORIES, ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL. By

William Maskell. With numerous Woodcuts.

3. ANCIENT AND MODERN FURNITURE AND

WOODWORK. By John Hungerford Pollen.
With numerous Woodcuts.

4. MAIOLICA. By C. Drury E. Fortnum, F.S.A.

With numerous Woodcuts.

5. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. By Carl Engel.

With numerous Woodcuts,



>Y



S)



fSot



-

^* 4.







-



APR 1



738 F77



ARTTT




3 5002 02023 1986

Fortnum, C. Drury E.
Maiolica,



Art NK 4315


. F7 1876




Fortnum, C.


Drury E.


1820


1899.






Maiolica







**i urtAKt




47" '





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