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000 for pollution studies by the U. S. Public Health
Service. An additional $20,000 from the State of Wash-
ington went into this work which was conducted at
Washington's Bowman's Bay Laboratory, and which
has been aimed at finding the effect of paper mill waste
on young salmon. One interesting discovery has been
that many of the food organisms utilized by young
salmon are killed at lower concentrations of sulfite
waste than are the salmon themselves.

Research on albacore is being conducted by the
three states and by some additional organizations on
the Pacific Coast. In October, 1953, the Fourth Pacific
Tuna Conference requested that the Pacific Marine
Fisheries Commission assume coordination of this work
and this responsibility was accepted at the December,
1953, meeting.



76



DEPARTMENT OF FISH AND GAME



STATISTICAL UNIT

Installations and procedures of the Marine Fisheries
statistical unit \\ere modified during the biennium to
complete more efficiently the task of gathering, compi-
lation and publication of California fishery statistics.

Among the modifications have been remodeling the
building at Terminal Island, departmentalizing the or-
ganization, basic reports revised to increase their util-
it^•, license and application forms redesigned, trawl sta-
tistics for war >ears compiled and made available, ma-
rine sports catch records retabulated, and the striped
bass catch logs have been tabulated.

The staff issued five publications during the bien-
nium. Of these, two are statistical circulars and three
are catch bulletins. Statistical Circulars Nos. 27 and 28
present the annual statistics of fresh and canned fishery
products for the years 1952 and 1953 respectively. Cir-
cular 28 contains revised tables of sardine landings and
production and a table showing the annual case pack
of anchovy. These tables reflect the decline in impor-
tance of the sardine and the steadily increasing an-
chovy fishery which has risen from twenty-second



position among the more important commercial species
in 1945 to third position in 1953. Fish Bulletins Nos.
86, 89 and 95 present the complete commercial fish
catch for the years 1950, 1951 and 1952 respectively.
In addition, Bulletin No. 86 contains a historical record
and a complete description of current methods used in
collecting and compiling fisheries statistics.

MARINE RESEARCH COMMIHEE

Investigative work of the Marine Research Commit-
tee continued throughout the biennium, although ham-
pered by lack of funds as a result of failure of the sar-
dine industry. The committee, consisting of nine mem-
bers representing the fishing industry. Department of
Fish and Game, and representative of the public, ad-
ministers funds from a special tax on processed sardine,
mackerel, anchovy, herring and squid. It coordinates
the work of five agencies, including the California
Academy of Sciences, California Department of Fish
and Game, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Hop-
kins A4arine Station, and U. S. Fish and Wildlife
Service.



Need lor access (o oceon fishing along the shoreline is demonsfraled by this crowded pub/ic pier in southern Caliiornia. Public access for rock and

surf fishing is one of the major points of the department's ten-year program.




APPENDICES



%'^




FORTY-THIRD BIENNIAL REPORT



79



TABLE 1

FISH AND GAME PRESERVATION FUND
SUMMARY OF REVENUES, EXPENDITURES AND SURPLUS



Total state revenue — all sources

Total expenditures

Sub-division of expenditures:

Salaries and wages

Number of positions:
Support

Filled

Gross authorized

Federal aid

Filled

Gross authorized

Operating expense

Equipment

Less reimbursements _



1952-53
Fiscal
Year



36,282,445
6,589,227



3,277,204



(743.9)
(829.7)

(97.0)
(97.0)

2,253,990
372,520

—122,143



1953-54
Fiscal
Year



36,775,886
6,976,929



3,625,210



(769.2)
(829.2)

(112.0)
(112.0)

2,338,885
262,843

—193,141



Sub-division of expenditures — Continued

State Employees' Retirement

Pittman-Robertson — (state funds)

Dingell-Johnson — (state funds)

Board of control claims

Capital outlay

Pacific Marine Fisheries Commission

A^arine Research Committee

Prior year adjustments to surplus

Accumulated surplus — June 30

Operating deficit (includes prior year adjust
ments)



1952-53
F'iscal
Year



3317,244

183,853

23,077

7,758

124,063

15,100

136,561

-1-46,134

5,524,206

260,648



1953-54
Fiscal
Year



3359,916

203,381

36,617

106

251,062

16,500

75,550

+48,380

5,371,543



152,663



TABLE 2

FISH AND GAME PRESERVATION FUND
STATEMENT OF REVENUE



Department of Fish and Game, License Sales

Angling

Archery — deer tags _ _

Commercial hunting club

Commercial hunting club operator

Deer tags

Fish breeder

Fish importer

Fish dealers and fish packers

Fish canners and processors

Fish tags

Fishing party boat permit

Boat registrations

Salmon tags

Game breeders

Bird club license and tags

Game tags

Migratory game bird feeding

Hunting

Kelp harvesters

Commercial fisherman

Trapping .

Guide licenses

Deer meat permits

Deer meat agents — wardens

Waterfowl shooting permits

Pheasant tags

Special big game hunts



33,



Totals, license sales.



1952-53
Fiscal
Year



,475,822

2,595

700

250

374,419

1,345

50

2,855



33,776,546
3,316
850
310
375,407
1,830
20
1,635



10,818
955



336
6,820
3,911
1,959



,701,849

30

115,870

908



9,108

1,362

21,277

205,016

14,053



35,952,308



1953-54
Fiscal
Year



11,943

2,342

33,120

231

8,020

4,369

748

740

1,765,121

30

121,622

950

770

9,373

1,793

71,877

214,743

8,692

36,416,398



Less: Commissions retained by agents selling
licenses

Net revenue from license sales

Court fines

Taxes:

Fish packers and fish dealers tax

Salmon tax

Kelp harvester tax

Miscellaneous:

Lease of kelp beds

Confiscated fish

Oil royalties

Miscellaneous revenue

Total

Marine Research Committee, Taxes:

Sardine

Mackerel

Anchovie

Herring

Squid

Total, Marine Research Committee.

Total, revenue excluding interest on

investments

Interest on investments

Total revenue _



1952-53
Fiscal
Year



-3288,269



36,282,445



1953-54
Fiscal
Year



-3308,287



35,664,039


36,108,111


146,650


141,909


176,889

40,672

5,145


209,875

41,088

7,668


4,297

7,196

3,082

29,106


4,384
12,935

2,930
37,631


36,077,076


36,566,531


5,816
77,913
44,788

1,264

77


4,262
20,551
28,897

1,217

3.385


3129,858


358,312


36,206,934
75,511


36,624,843
151,043



36,775,886



80



DEPARTMENT OF FISH AND GAME



1952-53 FISCAL YEAR EXPENDITURES



TABLE 3

FISH AND GAME PRESERVATION FUND



1953-54 FISCAL YEAR EXPENDITURES



Wildlife Protection.

Inland Fisheries

Game Management.



Federal aid: research and de-
velopment

Game

Inland Fisheries _.

Marine Fisheries



Total — federal aid__

Marine Fisheries'

Regional management

Administrative services

Staff management services.



Fixed charges:
General administrative
charges

Accident and death claims

Automobile insurance

Attorney general services..



Total fixed charges.
Conservation Education...
Commission

Totals



State



31,634,088
1,252,620
1,196,719



183,853

14,055

9,022



Federal
aid



?206,930
870,685
334,737
516,905
271,681



92,027

28,617

22,479

6,000



3149,123

128,661

27,078



36,589,227



551,558
42,168
27,065



3620,791



3620,791



Total,

state and

federal



31,634,088
1,252,620
1,196,719



735,411
56,223
36,087



3827,721
870,685
334,737
516,905
271,681



92,027

28,617

22,479

6,000



3149,123

128,661

27,078



37,210,018



Includes Marine Research Committee Expenditures of 3136,561 and Pacific Marine
Fisheries Commission of 315,100.

TABLE 4

WILDLIFE CONSERVATION BOARD— WILDLIFE RESTORATION FUND
1952-53 FISCAL YEAR EXPENDITURES



Support

Salaries and wages..
Operating expenses.
Equipment



320,250

14,539

293



Claim of Secretary, Board of Control
Contribution to Retirement System..



Total.



Capital outlay projects

Fish hatchery and stocking projects

Warm water and other fish projects..
Flow maintenance and stream im-
provement projects

Fish screen and ladder projects

Game farm projects

Upland game projects for quail habitat

and pheasant development

Waterfowl projects for acquisition and
improvements of feeding and shoot-
ing grounds -

General projects of acquisition and
construction



335,082

927

1,426

337,435



490,371
14,513

30,369
43,424



—492

530,063
1,155



Toul..._ 31,109,403

Total expenditures



31,146,838



Wildlife Protection.

Inland Fisheries

Game Management-



Federal aid — research and de-
velopment:

Game

Inland Fisheries

Marine Fisheries



Total — federal aid..

Marine Fisheries -

Regional management

Administrative services

Staff management services.



Fixed charges:

General administrative

charges

Accident and death claims

Automobile insurance

Attorney general services



Total fixed charges.

Conservation Education

Commission

Totals



State



31,773,941
1,381,389
1,132,888



203,381
26,403
10,214



3239,998
829,511
542,511
417,805
289,545



87,160
56,560
24,438
19,799



3187,957

151,309

30,075



Federal
aid



3610,142
79,208
30,642



3719,992






36,976,929



3719,992



Total,

state and

federal



31,773,941
1,381,389
1,132,888



813,523

105,611

40,856



3959,990
829,511
542,511
417,805
289,545



87,160
56,560
24,438
19,799



3187,957

151,309

30,075



37,696,921



^Includes Marine Research Committee Expenditures of 375,500 and Pacific Marine
Fisheries Commission of 316,500.

TABLE 5

WILDLIFE CONSERVATION BOARD-WILDLIFE RESTORATION FUND
1953-54 FISCAL YEAR EXPENDITURES



Support

Salaries and wages..
Operating expenses.
Equipment



323,571

11,940

1,216



Contribution to Retirement System.
Total



Capital outlay projects

Fish hatchery and stocking projects

Warm water and other fish projects

Flow maintenance and stream im-
provement projects

Fish screen and ladder projects

Game farm projects

Upland game projects for quail habitat

and pheasant development - .

Waterfowl projects for acquisition and
improvements of feeding and shoot-
ing grounds

General projects of acquisition and con-
struction



336,727

1,747

337,435



884,216
54,311

98,645
—6,630



24,220

713,935
1,300



Total 31,769,997



Total expenditures.. , 31,808,471



FORTY-THIRD BIENNIAL REPORT



81



TABLE 6

SUMMARY OF COSTS FOR 10 YEAR PROGRAM



MARINE FISHERIES





Estimated
cost of
recom-
mended
project


Estimated

annual

operation

and

maintenance

costs


Marine fisheries


?7, 100,000

11,500,000

3,950,000


865 000


Inland fisheries.


795 000


Salmon and steelhead t


urogram

improvement-..








Subtotal for fisheries


822,550,000

20,000,000

15,000




Hunting opportunities


2,700,000


Economic survey










Totals . .


842,565,000
84,256,500


83,560,000
•83,560,000


Average per year





•This represents estimated annual cost of operating fully developed program. During
period of development, the operating costs will be approximately half of the
ultimate cost of operation.



INLAND FISHERIES





Estimated
cost of
recom-
mended
project


Estimated

annual

operation

and

maintenance

costs


Warm water fishing


85,000,000

2,000,000

1,600,000

500,000

500,000

1,900,000


8^50 000


Public access


Negligible

' 20,0(X)

25,000


Stream and lake improvement

Coastal lagoons.


Chemical treatment. _ _. ...


Catchable trout


400,000






Totals


811,500,000
81,150,000


8795,000
*8795 000


Average per year







*This represents estimated annual cost of operating fully developed program. During
period of development, the operating costs will be approximately half of the
ultimate cost of operation.



HUNTING OPPORTUNITIES



Waterfowl management areas

Upland game habitat development

Upland game cooperative hunting areas.

Big game winter lands

Right-of-way acquisition

Operation of big game lands



Totals

Average per year.



Estimated
cost of
recom-
mended
project



815,000,000
2,000,000



1,000,000
2,000,000



820,000,000
82,000,000



Estimated

annual

operation

and

maintenance

costs



82,000,000



500,000

2bb",6oo"



82,700,000
*82,700,000



This represents estimated annual cost of operating fully developed program. During
period of development, the operating costs will be approximately half of the
ultimate cost of operation.





Estimated
cost of
recom-
mended
project


Estimated

annual

operation

and

maintenance

costs


Cost of Marine Fisheries Projects:
a. Public fishing opportunity
(1) Ocean coast

Acquisition and development .


84,000,000




Maintenance, 820,000 to 875,-
000 per year_


850,000


(2) Saltwater bays

Acquisition and development .


750,000


Maintenance, 85,000 to 820,-
000 per year, average.


15,000


b. Development of potential fisheries,
annual cost 850,000 for five years


250,000

550,000

1,550,000




c. Pollution studies and control




d. Intensified survevs








Total marine fisheries projects


87,100,000


*865,000



*This represents estimated annual cost of operating fully developed program. During
period of development, the operating costs will be approximately half of the
ultimate cost of operation.

SALMON AND STEELHEAD



a. Water projects — 875,000 per year, 10 years

b. Screens and ladders — 8^'0,000 per year, 10 years..

c. Coastal stream clearance — 850,000 per year, 5

years; 830,000 per year, 5 years

d. Barrier removal — 810,000 per year, 5 years

e. River mouth improvement — 820,000 per year, 10

years

f. Coastal stream flow maintenance

g. Artificial propagation

Total salmon and steelhead projects for 10-
year program

Average per year



8750,000
800,000

400,000
50,000

200,000

750,000

1,000,000



83,950,000
8395,000



TABLE 7

PERMANENT LAND RADIO STATIONS, WILDLIFE PROTECTION



Sacramento, Region II Office
Sacramento State Police Office
San Francisco Region III Office
Monterey Office
Los Angeles Region V Office
Terminal Island Office
San Diego Office
Bridgeport Sheriff's Office
Independence Sheriff's Office (2

Units)
Colusa County Sheriff's Office

Bra



Yuba City Sheriflf's Office
Modesto Fire Department
Merced County Fire Station
Bakersfield
San Bernardino
Hot Creek Fish Hatchery
Alturas Sheriff's Office
Eureka Fish and Game Office
Fish & Game Hangar, Sacra-
mento
Quincy Sheriff's Office
wley



The 11 Mobile Relay (Repeater) Stations are installed at the follow-
ing locations:



Happy Camp, Modoc County
Black Mountain, Lassen County
Mt. Diablo, Contra Costa

County
Shirley Peak, Kern County
Santa Ynez Peak, Santa Barbara

County



Oat Mountain, Los Angeles

County
Catalina Island, Los Angeles

County
Stevenson Peak, San Diego

County
Silver Can, Inyo County
Conway Summit, Mono County
Red Hill, Plumas County



82



DEPARTMENT OF FISH AND GAME



TABLE 8



Type of violation


Number
arrests
1952-53


Number
arrests
1953-54


Deer


760
667
157
384

1,573
607
238

1,661
296

1,493
267
617


685


W'a terfowl


442




109


Upland bird


405


Inland fish.. .


1,176


Clam-abalone-ocean


508
501


Loaded gun in car

Co-op trespass

Anglme, no license


1,209
272

1,513
165
566


Hunting, no license






Totals


8,720


7,551







TABLE 10

CREEL CENSUSES

July 1, 1952, to June 30, 1954 (Inclusive)



TABLE 9

TOTAL ARRESTS FOR PERIOD OF 52 YEARS



1902-1904


550


1928-1930


5,388


1904-1906


774


1930-1932


5,237


1906-1908


1,192


1932-1934


3,795


1908-1910


1,771


1934-1936


4,535


1910-1912


2,063


1936-1938


6,382


1912-1914


1,993


1938-1940


7,444


1914-1916


2,087


1940-1942


7,262


1916-1918


1,797


1942-1944


4,298


1918-1920


1,891


1944-1946


5,902


1920-1922


2,258


1946-1948


11,331


1922-1924


2,715


1948-1950


12,947


1924-1926


3,207


1950-1952


12,802


1926-1928..


4,390


1952-1954


16,271



ARRESTS AND CONVICTIONS— RECAPITULATION





1952-1953


1953-1954


Number of arrests. _


8,720

?306,108.50
4,725 days


7,551

$292,479.64
8,111 days


Fine


J ail sentences





TYPE OF CASE





1952-53


1953-54


Fish


3,911

4,192

617


3,698

3,287

556


Game ._


Miscellaneous.. ._ .








8,720


7,551



Name of water County

REGION I

Big Lagoon Humboldt

Clam Beach Lagoon Humboldt

Eel River Humboldt

Freshwater Lagoon Humboldt

Klamath River Humboldt and Siskiyou

Mad River Humboldt

Stone Lagoon Humboldt

Sacramento River (Keswick to

Colusa) Shasta, Tehama, Glenn,

Colusa

Pit River Shasta

Shasta Lake Shasta

Castle Lake Siskiyou

Copco Lake Siskiyou

Sacramento River, South and Middle

Forks Siskiyou

Shasta River Siskiyou

REGION II

Trout Creek El Dorado

Upper Truckee River El Dorado

Boca Reservoir Nevada

Truckee River Nevada, Placer, and Sierra

Lake Tahoe Placer and El Dorado

Donner Lake Placer and Nevada

Feather River, North Fork Plumas

Lakes Basin Recreation Area (18

lakes) Plumas and Sierra

REGION HI

Clear Lake Lake

San Lorenzo River Santa Cruz

Gualala River Sonoma

REGION IV

Mendota Pool Fresno

Sequoia Lake Fresno

Shaver Lake Fresno

Dam No. 7 Reservoir Fresno and Madera

Millerton Lake Fresno and Madera

San Joaquin River at Friant Fresno and Madera

Kern River ._ Kern and Tulare

Rock Creek.. Madera

Merced River Merced

Brush Creek Tulare

REGION V

Imperial Reservoir Imperial

Big Pine Creek Inyo

Bishop Creek Inyo

Independence Creek Inyo

Lone Pine Creek Inyo

Rock Creek Lake Inyo

Sabrina Lake Inyo

South Lake Inyo

Crystal Lake Los Angeles

Little Rock Reservoir Los Angeles

Puddingstone Reservoir Los Angeles

Bridgeport Reservoir Mono

Convict Creek Mono

Convict Lake Mono

Crowley Lake Mono

Grant Lake Mono

June Lake Mono

Lee Vining Creek Mono

Mammoth Creek Mono

Mary Lake Mono

Rock Creek Mono

Rush Creek Mono

Silver Lake.. Mono

Topaz Lake.. __ Mono

Twin Lake (trib. Mammoth Creek). Mono



FORTY-THIRD BIENNIAL REPORT



83



TABLE 11



FISH DISTRIBUTION AND RESCUE

Fish Planted— July 1, 1952, fo June 30, 1953 (Inclusive)— Hatchery Reared Fish Planted in Each Caunty





TROUT


SALMON


Total


County


Rainbow


Steelhead


Eastern
brook


Brown


Cutthroat


King


Kokanee


Silver


number
of
fish


Alpine


484,783

190,103

19,276

249,656

5,420




96,310
10,080












581 093


Amador














200,183
19 276


Butte -














Calaveras -




1,000












250 656


Colusa - -














5,420

378,100

1,500,345

928,715

2,130
960,672

1.100,614
196 694


Del Norte


378,100














El Dorado


848,335

869,903

2,130

143,357

718,873
196,694

43,010
238,082
224,050
345,541

58,058

594,097

8,020

48,172

1,234,506

19,585

95,888

455,586

5,500

489,400

305,715

96,700

390

447,545

50,425

116,742

47,324

10,271

105,830

22,016

57,614

342,870

689,257

377,584

15,032
81,307
254,685
728,125
993,359
109,452


368,480
58,812








283,530




Fresno












Glenn














Humboldt - -


311,912








493,012




12,391


Inyo..


24,689


357,052






Kern












Lake
















4^ 010


Lassen _ .




28,800








67,500




334,382


Los Angeles-.












224,050
504 613


Madera




159,072












Marin


7,845












65,903
610,009


Mariposa


15,912












Mendocino














8,020
48,172


Modoc - - ,
















Mono




42,879


285,250


125,000








1,687,635
29 585


Monterey.


10,000








Napa- - -_-














95,888
736,568


Nevada




186,082








94,900




Orange












5,500
703,700
613 995


Placer-. ..-




94,284
128,280








120,016
180,000




Plumas












Riverside.












96 700


Sacramento ..
















390


San Bernardino..
















447 545


















50,425
116 742


San Francisco
















San Luis Obispo
















47 324


San Mateo ...


47,033














57 304


Santa Barbara ._ ..














105 830


Santa Clara . .-
















22,016
271 588


Santa Cruz


213,974














Shasta -


36,662

125,937

85,034


79,000










458 532


Sierra..












815 194


Siskiyou








947,296


10,200




1,420,114
15 032


Solano -










Tehama .




4,000
46,696












85 307


Trinity














301,381


Tulare














728,125


Tuolumne




45,530








10,440




1,049,329


Ventura i -












109,452




















12,440,268


968,864


1,558,539


721,302


125,000


1,440,308


766,586


12,391


18,033,258



TABLE 10— Continued

Twin Lake (trib. Robinson Creek)-. Mono

Lower Virginia Lake Mono

Upper Virginia Lake Mono

East Walker River Mono

West Walker River. Mono

Big Bear Lake. San Bernardino

Lake Havasu San Bernardino

Colorado River San Bernardino

Deep Creek San Bernardino

Santa Ana River San Bernardino

San Vincente Reservoir San Diego

Cachuma Reservoir Santa Barbara



TABLE 12

HATCHERY REARED WARMWATER FISHES



July 1, 1952, to June 30, 1953 (


nclusive)




Number of fish


Largemouth black bass .. -


71,773

18,285

2,000


Smallmouth black bass

Fathead minnow


Golden shiners


176,437






Total


268,495







84



DEPARTMENT OF FISH AND GAME



TABLE 13

FISH DISTRIBUTION AND RESCUE

Fish Planted— July 1, 1953, to June 30, 1954 (Inclusive)— Hatchery Reared Fish Planted in Each Caunty





TROUT


SALMON


Total


County


Rainbow


Steelhead


Eastern
brook


Brown


Cutthroat


Golden


King


Kokanee


number
of
fish


Alameda


12,174
188,254
44,502
27,007
50,415
8,645
















12,174


Alpine




133,743
9,909




134,696








456,693


Amador












54,411


Butte -














27,007


Calaveras




5,020












55,435


Colusa -,














8,645


Del Norte


187,500
4,600




3,008






309,750




500,258


El Dorado.


926,788

807,720

4,980

13,005
675,807
238,472

56,702
212,702
187,825
268,122
123,752
607,625
8,940

350,473
1,409,613

50,426

77,101
445,165

14,650
358,111
548,371

88,130
200

488,390
49,580

459,657
62,985
24,102

178,699
51,302
61,734

428,329

442,532

538,572

42,656

112,874

289,078

673,408

501,632

99,274

14,010


347,827
155,613


34,560




232,420


1,546,195


Fresno




134,760




1,098,093


Glenn __ — —












4,980


Humboldt


302,880


5,024
19,542




99,009




173,453




593,371


Inyo


341,556


35,880




1,072,785


Kern...-










238,472


Lake .-




24,122
69,375












80,824


Lassen














282,077


Los Angeles














187,825


Madera




63,916


6,360




2,520






340,918


Marin.










123,752


Mariposa —




29.964












637,589


Mendocino














8,940


Modoc .
















350,473


Mono




211,670


490,869


171,476


21,895






2,305,523


Monterey.- -








50,426


Napa


200














77,301


Nevada


241,003










60,480


746,648


Orange.. .












14,650


Placer -,




96,082
102,490










337,765
150,150


791,958


Plumas.












801,011


Riverside.












88,130


Sacramento.-
















200


San Bernardino
















488,390


San Diego
















49,580


San Francisco.




90,000












549,657


San Luis Obispo














62,985


San Mateo . __ ..
















24,102


Santa Barbara.


16,502














195,201


Santa Clara














51,302


Santa Cruz


5,635














67,369


Shasta


43,500
122,924

109,572












471,829


Sierra-














565,456


Siskiyou -.










803,155


186,330


1,637,629


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