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aid to those working in the field.

The fish and parasite check list appears to have few errors and omissions and will
be quite useful to the student, fishery worker, and researcher.

This volume will be greatly appreciated by fish disease specialists and will as well
be a useful addition to the libraries of fishery workers, students, and researchers in
the field of fish parasites. — Harold Wolf.

Fossil Shark and Fish Remains of North America

By Gerard R. Case; published by the author, 1967; 20 p., 102 figs. $2.25 paperback. Sold
only by the author: Gerard R. Case, 225 St. Paul's Avenue, Jersey City, N.J. 07306.

The title of this small booklet is quite mislcjiding. Omissions are the rule, mis-
identifications are numerous, and contrary to tlie nulhor's statement that the nomen-
clature is as up-to-date as possible, it is not! The photographs are generally
excellent, and the treatment given to Cretaceous and older material is quite good,
but other illustrations and the fossil coverage for the latest 75 million years of the
earth's history can stand improvement.

The well-known and extremely Eocene ichthyofauna from the Green River
and Bridger formations has been covered by five photos of herring and two of
bass. California's extensive Miocene elasmobranch fauna, including that of Shark
Tooth Hill, is represented by two photos of shark teeth, one of which (Fig. 69)
has been misidentified. Our well-documented, rich Miocene teleost fauna is glossed
over with a pholo of a single clupeid from Jjonipoc diatoinite and a cluiieid scale
from Gaviota State Park — both erroneously placed in the Pliocene. Freshwater
fossil fishes, of which more than 100 species of Miocene age and younger are
known, are represented by a single photo of a stickleback (Fig. 90) with a mis-
spelled specific name. Dozens of fossil scales have been described by an assortment
of -workers, but only two of these have been pictured (Fig. 74 listed as Atractosfeus
which is a synonym of Lcpisosteus, and Fig. 100 given as Ganolyies sp. when only
a single species, cameo, is known). Otoliths have been left out entirely, even though
they are extremely abundant, and some were described from North America as long
ago as 1S8S. In fact, in many marine deposits laid down during the last 125 million


years, 100 or more identifiable teleost otoliths can be found for every tooth of a
shark, skate, or ray.

Lamna teeth have been called Otodus and Odontaspis, Odontaspis has been called
Lamna, Isurus has been called Oxyrhina, Carcharias is used for Carcharhinus, and
so on.

The bibliography overlooks the extremely important contributions of Louis Agassiz,
Lore Rose David, Don L. Frizzell, David Starr Jordan, E. Koken, Maurice Leriche,
Robert Rush Miller, and Teruya llyeno, to name but a few.

There is still a great need in this country for a book on fossil fish remains of
North America. — John E. Fitch.

External and Internal Characters, Horizontal and Vertical Distribution, Luminescence,
and Food of the Dwarf Pelagic Shark, Euprotomicrus bispinatus

By Carl L. Hubbs, Tamotsu Iwai, and Kiyomatsu Matsubora; University of California Press,
Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1967; vi + 81 p., illustrated. Paper $2.50.

The title of this publication is accurate insofar as it goes, but it fails to mention
that many detailed comparisons are made between Euprotomicrus and a "supposedly
very close relative", Isistius hrasiliensis. The authors retain Euprotomicrus and
Isistius as distinct genera in the subfamily Dalatiinae of the family Squalidae, but
it is obvious that the differences they found in comparing the two were of sufficient
magnitude to cast doubt on the adequacy of this taxonomic treatment.

Only eight specimens of Euprotomicrus (appropriately termed pigmy shark) were
known prior to 1951 ; 37 individuals are listed in this publication — 14 for the first
time. Its ability to luminesce, its neutral buoyancy, and its food habits are used as
evidence to support the hypothesis that the pigmy shark is a bathypelagic species
that undertakes vertical, presumably diurnal, migrations. The authors further postu-
late that Euprotomicrus "aggregates, and probably schools".

Few shark species have had their life history, food habits, anatomy, and other
features as thoroughly investigated as Euprotomicrus in this small publication. —
John E. Fitch.

Atlas of the Errantiate Polychaetous Annelids from California

By Olga Hartman; Allan Hancock Foundation, University of Southern California, Los Angeles,
1968; 828 p., illustrated. $20.

Most of the descriptions of polychaetes or marine annelids from the northeast
Pacific Ocean are concealed in many short research papers, not generally available
to biologists or others who may wish to acquaint themselves with at least the com-
monly encountered animals along the seashores. The littoral and sublittoral zones of
California, like other parts of the northeast Pacific, abound in an astounding
diversity of marine life, much of which consists of marine annelid worms, existing
in crevices, under stones, among kelps, on or in other animals, and in other acces-
sible recesses. The startling beauty of color, form, and movement of living worms
can be appreciated by observing them in marine aquaria, where they adapt them-
selves quickly to reconstruct niches, restore lost body parts, deposit egg capsules
if mature, and perform other natural phenomena which are normal to the species.

Some of the most beautiful and common of these worms are among the best rep-
resented families ; they include the polynoids with 43 species, the syllids with 41,
the phyllodocids with 34, and the nereids with 29. In all. there are 339 species of
Errantia in 128 genera and 29 families. More than half of them are considered
endemic to California south to western Mexico ; over half of the remaining half
are common also to the north Pacific, and fewer than 25% can be considered
cosmopolitan, or existing in Pacific and Atlantic oceans. This high degree of
endemism (more than 50%) may not be real, for when the annelids of other parts
of the Pacific are better known, it may be found that many species exist throughout
this realm.

The Atlas brings together the accumulated data for 339 species of polychaetes
recorded from California. A systematic list is followed by a glossary, which defines
terms most commonly used. Keys are given to genera and species within each
family. A key to families has been omitted because experience has shown that the
beginner invariably goes astray, since family characters are based chiefly on internal
characters which the beginner is unable to interpret.

Each species is diagnosed on a separate page, with illustrations of significant
parts ; more extensive distribution is indicated, and ecological data are shown on


an outline map of the State. The aocoptecl si)ecifie names aie those nsed in my
Caialogue of the I'olychaetous Atnielids of the World (Hancock Found. Puhl., Occas.
Pap., 2.'-{). The Errantia is the first of 2 volumes; the second, in preparation, will
include the Sedcntaria and other al)errant groups, and will contain about as manj'

The AiUis should lie useful not only to the liiologist, hut to commercial fisheries,
where hasic foods of fishes are concerned, and to industrial interests, in which
pollution problems can be partly solved by encouraging the conversion of wastes
and turnover of sediments by certain marine polychaete worms. — Ohja Jlmlman.

Algal Cultures and Phytoplankton Ecology

By G. E. Fogg; The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, 1966; xiii + 126 p., illustrated.

Although algal literature is extensive, G. E. Fogg presents an enlightening over-
view of this field. His l)ook is short and to the point, without being too oversimplified.
He reviews much of the pertinent algal literatnre and draws many connections
between laboratory and field studies. In so doing, he raises as many questions as
he attempts to answer.

Algology is especially important to fisheries biology since algae are the key link
between electromagnetic radiation, inorganic minerals, and the fish on the end of
your line. Fishery biologists have, by and large, overlooked the relationship between
algae and fish production because of the many very complicated problems involved.
However, as our understanding of these processes increases, we may evolve a more
definitive view of this relationship. Indeed, such a view is necessary before we can
truly manage a fishery.

Fogg discusses algal growth patterns as observed in the laboratory and lield.
phytoplankton periodicity, phytoplankton distribution, and seasonal succession. This
book is an excellent reference source and introduction to algology. Scientific jargon
is kept to a minimum for the benefit of layman and biologist alike. — Arlo 11'. Fast.

Being Your Own Wilderness Doctor

By E. Russel Kodet and Bradford Angler; Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, Pa., 1968; 127 p., illus-
trated. $3.95.

This book is definitely not a first aid guide but is aimed at the persdu traxeling
in back country where medical help is not available.

In my opinion this book would be more useful to indi\iduals living in very remote
areas rather than to most back-country vacationists. I doubt if many vacationists
would utilize the suturing techniques or I be reductions of fractures and dislocations
that are described.

I would take exception to the statement that tourniciucts to stop arterial bleeding
.should be loosened every 8 to 10 minutes. This was the old method advocated by the
Red Cross but has been discarded because of the probability that the patient would
die from blood loss. If a tourui(|uot is necessary it is usually a decision to sacrifice
a limb to save a life and it should not be removed until the artery is clamped off. The
suggested items to include in a medical kit are helpful.

I think the book would have been improved if ground to air signals for assistance
were included.

f)ne additional caution is that by going beyoiul acceiitcd first aid. you probably
increase the danger of law suits. — Wallace G. Macgrcgor.

Fishing With The Fly: Sketches by Lovers of the Art with Illustrations of Standard

Collected by Charles F. Orvis and A. Nelson Cheney; Charles E. Tuttle Co., Inc., Rutland, Ver-
mont, 1967; xii + 328 p., -I- 15 color plates. $7.50.

From the (luick reading of the title, one would think that this is a book dealing
with fly fishing and how to do it; such is not the case.

Fishing With The Fh/ was originally ])ublished in 18SG. It is the coniiiiled works
of twenty-four "Lovers of the Art", about their love — fishing. These works cover the
complete area of angling from "Fly Casting for Salmon" to the "Poetry of Fly-
Fishing'' and suggestions on tackle to use.

It is of interest to note the emphasis on fishing in the "old days" in comparison
with fishing today. The well-written odes and poems bring nostalgia to the reader for


the days when fishing was trne sport and the catching of fish not the primary im-
portance on a fishing trip. Perhaps if more of today's anglers had the more aesthetic
view of our predecessors, we would not have the problems we do today.

The 15 color plates are of various types of flies that were in use during the latter
half of the nineteenth century. The modern day angler will not see many of the
patterns and types of flies that are being used today.

The book gives a person a retrospect of anglers as they use to be. Would that
there were more of this type of angler today. — Hugh L. Thomas.

Modern ABC's of Ice Fishing

By Jerry Chiappetta; Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, Pa., 1966; 176 p., photographs and black-
and-white illustrations. $4.95.

Handbook of Fishes of Kansas

By Frank B. Cross; University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, 1967; 357 p., 4 colored plates, 20
numbered figures, and other illustrations. $5.00 cloth, $3.50 paper.

Although I am particularly attentive to fish and wildlife publications about
Kansas, where, as a youth, I spent many enjoyable hours fishing and hunting, I
unequivocally recommend this book as a fine supplement to fishery literature. It is
in the mode of The Fishes of Ohio and others.

The expressed purpose of this handbook "is to provide means for identifying fishes
found in Kansas, information about their distribution within the state, and general
accounts of their habits." The format includes a general treatment of the history
and disti'ibution of Kansas fishes, which are primarily fluviatile, relating them to
the two major stream systems in the state, the Kansas and Arkansas Rivers. In
order of sequence, the handbook is comprised of illustrations of key characteristics,
a glossary of key characteristics, a key to families of fishes, and species accounts.

The scientific and vernacular names used by the author are those in A List of
Common and Scientific Karnes of Fishes from the United States and Canada (Amer.
Fish Soc. Spec. Publ. 2, second edition, 1960). The sequence in which the families
ap]iear in the text follows the arrangement proposed in Phyletic Studies of Teleostean
Fishes, tvith a Provisional Classification of Living Forms, by P. H. Greenwood,
D. E. Rosen. S. H. Weitzman, and G. S. Myers (Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 131
(4) : 339-456).

In addition to a key to families, a key to species is presented when two or more
species common to a family are descri1)ed. The keys form a sequence of couplets
(paired, contrasting statements). I had no trouble keying out several common
centrarchids and ictalurids, but persons lacking some exposure to taxonomy might
encounter difficulties.

Each species account contains an illustration of the fish, its descriptive characters,
a map of its known distribution, a list of literature references, and a general dis-
cussion of the status of the species in the state. Although the fish are more colorful
in the plates than they normally appear in nature, the quality of these and other
renderings is good.

Life history information in the species accounts is fairly comprehensive and often
applies wherever the species is found. The author does make some rather sweeping
generalities based on his personal experiences with various species. Instead of his
sometimes restricted accounts more space could have been dedicated to management
practices, information on growth rates of some of the species, and data on fish
harvest. — Larry K. Puckett.

Ecology and Resource Management: A Quantitative Approach

By Kenneth E. F. Watt; McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1968; xii + 450 p., illustrated.


This book presents a general theory of resource management which can be used
in dealing with all kinds of problems, from oceanic fisheries to forest insect pest
control. It explains techniques that are ushering in a new era in the management
of complex resource optimization problems, specifically new methods of applied
mathematics and computer simulation. Each field of resource management has much
to learn from the others and this book brings together a common body of theory
and methods. Each major problem is discussed, using that resource which best
illustrates the problem and for which documentation is most complete.


Tlio hook is divided into two main sections. Tlie first has for its theme ecological
principles, management theories derived from these principles, and case studies
demonstrating their application. It must be this first section to which Dr. Watt
refers in his preface ". . . it is my fervent wish that the book will be read by
laymen . . .," because the second section considers the operations involved in sci-
entific resource management; measurement, analysis, description, simtilation. and
optimization of the system. Almost every other page of the second section contains
a statistical formula, differential equation, or computer language sufficient to dis-
courage any layman from doing much more than thumbing through the pages. As
the author states, the book could be used in courses in biomathematics or bio-

Each chapter is well documented and contains an extensive reference list, provid-
ing the reader with several sources of follow-up reading.

A few of the subjects discussed include: growth of the world's human population,
deer management, Great Lakes sea lamprey problem, hatcheries supplementing na-
tural reproduction, water resources, buffalo, salmon, chaparral, poj^ulation ecology,
community energetics, maximization of productivity, density-dependent and density-
independent factors, overexploitation, biological wave phenomena, application of
Fortran, science of sampling, iterative regression and curve fitting, systems analysis,
developing large-scale models, simulation, dynamic programming, and optimum al-

I do not recommend this book to biologists or resource managers unfamiliar with
statistical methods and introductory calculus. To those versed in these disciplines
I highly recommend reading the book to gain insight into an enlighting approach
to resource management. — James W. Burns.

A Different Kind of Country

By Raymond F. Dasmann; The Macmiilan Co., New York, 1968; x -f 276 p., illustrated. $5.95.

The theme of this book is an examination of the role of diversity as a factor in
the quality of human environments. It is profusely illustrated and is easy to read.

The author makes a strong plea for retaining much of the diverse country that
still exists and creating diversity in the things we build. He discusses the modern
l)ressures that are forcing worldwide uniformity and points out the danger of a
uniform world that is uniformly uninteresting and of low quality.

The book's appeal may be mainly to people who already tend to agree with the
views of the author, but it is valuable because of its power to rekindle the en-
thusiasm of all who ponder the world's future. Although it may not be read by
those who need its message most, it will provide additional ammunition for those
already working for a high quality human environment. — James D. Stokes.





Abramson, Norman J.: A probability
sea survey plan for estimating rela-
tive abundance of ocean shrimp, 257-

Allen, George, H. : Fecundity of the
brown ragfish, Icosteus aenigniaticus
Lockington, from northern California,

Bauer, Richard D., Jerome T. Light,
Jr., and William R. Thornton: De-
termination of the winter range of a
black-tailed deer herd in the North
Coast Range of California, 27-32

Blong, Bonnor. and AVilliam Pollard :
Summer water requirements of desert
bighorn in the Santa Rosa Mountains,
California, in 1965, 289-296

Bond, Carl E. : see Hosie and Bond,

Borneman, John C. : see Sibley. Mal-
lette. Borneman, and Dalen, 297-303

Brinkhurst, Ralph O., and Mary L.
Simmons : The aquatic Oligochaeta of
the San Francisco Bay system, 180-

Buckley, Raymond M. : see Haw and
Buckley, 43-48

Chadwick, Harold K. : Mortality rates
in the California striped bass popu-
lation, 228-246

Congleton, James L. : Variation in the
pink seaperch, Zalemiitcs rosaceus
(Jordan and Gilbert), and extension
of its known range to the Gulf of
California, 115-122

Cordone, Almo J., and Ted C. Frantz :
An evaluation of trout planting in
Lake Tahoe, 68-69

Dalen, Raymond S. : see Sibley, Mal-
lette, Borneman, and Dalen, 297-303

Duffy, John M. : Deformed lateral line
in a jack mackerel. Trachurus sym-
mefricus (Ayres), 306; Jack mackerel
yield per area from California wa-
ters, 1955-56 through 1963-64, 195-

Duncan, Don A. : Food of California
quail on burned and unburned cen-
tral California foothill rangeland,

Ebert. Earl E. : A food habits study of
the southern sea otter, Enhydra lutris
nereis, 33-42

Edwards, Stephen R., and Fuad M.
Nahhas : Some endoparasites of fishes
from the Sacramento-San Joaquin
Delta, California, 247-256

Engen, Paul C. : Organogenesis of the
walleye surfperch, Hyperprosopon
argenteum (Gibbons), 156-169

Frantz, Ted C. : see Cordone and
Frantz, 68-89

Greenfield, David W. : Observations on
the behavior of the basketweave cusk-
eel, Otophidium scrippsi Hubbs, 108-

Haig, Janet : First report of the crab
family Chirostylidae off California,
and description of a new species of
ChirostyJus, 270-277

Haw, Frank, and Raymond M. Buck-
ley: The ability of Washington an-
glers to identify some common ma-
rine fishes, 43^8

Plerald. Earl S. : see Russo and Herald,

Hosie, Michael J., and Carl E. Bond:
Northern range extension for the kelp
bass, ParaUihrax cJathratus (Girard),

Katkansky, Stanley C. : Intestinal
growths in the European flat oyster,
Ostrea edulis, 203-216

Lee, Richard S. : Prionotus xenisma
Jordan and Bollman. a searobin new
to California. 278-280

Light. Jerome T.. Jr. : see Bauer, Light,
and Thornton, 27-32

MacGregor, John S. : Fecundity of the
northern anchovy, Engraulis mordax
Girard, 281-288

Mallette, Robert D. : see Sibley, Mal-
lette, Borneman, and Dalen, 297-303

McKechnie, Robert J. : see Miller and
McKechnie, 306-307

Miller. Lee W., and Robert J. Mc-
Kechnie : Observation of striped bass
spawning in the Sacramento River,

Miller, Robert Rush : Records of some
native freshwater fishes transplanted
into various waters of California,
Baja California, and Nevada, 170-

Mitchell. Charles T. : see Strachan,
Turner, and Mitchell, 49-57

Nahhas, Fuad M. : see Edwards and
Nahhas, 247-256

Orsi, James J. : The embryology of the
English sole, Parophrys vetulus, 133-



Pollard. AVilliiiin
lard. 2S!» liiK;

.sec Bloiiff and 1'

Rioiiockor, Warren C. : A suniinary of
hand recoveries from redhead.s (-1(/-
fhya amcricana) banded in north-
eastern California. 17-2G

Roedel. I'liil Af. : Ketirement. J. 1',. I'liil-
lips. V.Vl

Rosentlial, Kii-lijird .1. : Ilai-ljnr seal
censuses in IIiiinl)oldt Bay during
Vjm and ]!K'.7, ;{()4-.'i()r)

Rnsso, Ronald A., and Earl S. Herald :
The ]!)(i7 shark kill in San Francisco
Bay, 21 5-21 <;

Schafer, William E. : Stndies on the
epizootiology of the myxosporidan
Ceratoiiii/.ra nhastn Noble. 00-MO

Shapovalov. Leo: In memoriam. Earl
Leitritz, 12S

Sibley, Fred C, Robert D. Mallette.
John C. Borneman, and Raymond S.

Dalen : Third cooperative survey of
the California condor, 21»7-.'?0."i

Simmons, Mary L. : see I'.rinkhurst and
Simmons. 180-104

Smith, Walton A.: The band-tailed
pigeon in California. 4-1 (>

Str.'iehan, Alec R., Charles II. Turner,
■■ind Charles T. Mitchell: Two fishes
and a mollnsk, new to Califnrnia's
marine fauna. Avith comm<Mifs regard-
ing other recent ;iiinin:il(iiis (ircur-
rejices. 40-,57

Thornton, William R. : see Bauer,

Light, and Thornton. 27-32
Tomlinson, Patrick K. : INIorlality,

growth, and yield i)er recruit for

Pismo cl.'ims. 100-107
Turner. Charles II.: see Strachan,

Turner. :ind Mitchell, 49-57

Willis, Mel : Northern range extension
for tlie yellow crab. CUniccr aiithoin/i,



cooperii: 125, 299

siridtiis: 299
AUiKjlossitlniiit corfi: 247, 250
Alosd snpidissima: 141
Anas p. phiti/rhi/nchos: 21
Anchoa iiriso: 2S1-2S6. 288
A )i 0(1 out a sp. : 20.'i
Aiioplopoiini finthrin: 43-44
AquiJd chri/stiefos: 299
Ascarida coliiiiihae: 13

II iiirriraiia: 1 7

ralisiiirrin: 17

Hold inns IcntUi'nuisiis: S(')
HfitliriorcpJinhis sp.: 247, 255
livosmophycis: 51
Brotulidae: key, 51

jnninicciisis: 125, 299

Iiif/npiis: 299

sifii iiisdii i: 29! I

Cinirrr (in llioin/i: 217

Cafneti/x: 51

Caiharfes aura: 299

Calostoiiius fl'aiifnsleusj sinifaaiiac:

172. 175
Cenlropristrs stria Ins: 147
C'eraiomi/.ra sliasta: 90-99
Ccteiigraulis ini/stirelus: 281-284, 288
Chen hi/erhorea: 21
Chirostylidae : 270-272
Vhirost utiis

(U'fc)isus: 27(!-277

(';) vcstifjatoris: 277

VI tin eed wa rds i: 270

prrannafiis: 270-273, 276

Ciiciis (■i/aiiciis: 299
CifharicJithi/s sonlldiis: 43-44
Colli inliia fascia til uiuiiilis: 4

fnnhriatum: 247. 254

f/if/aiiteiiiii: 247. 254
Corrf/oniis irillia iiisoii i: 70

(jigas: 203

virginica: 203
Ciimaingastcr aggrrgata: 43 45. 104

iiianilariiis: 172. 175

ncriidcnsis ainargosac: 17l) 172-173

iieradciisis iirradcn

sis: 172. 170

iirradnisis slioshouv: 173, 177
sill inns: 17(t. 1 7.">. 177

Dicrolcne: 51
Empetrirhthys latos: 170
EngrauUs niorda.r: 281-284, 288

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9

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