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The codes of California as amended and in force at the close of the thirty-eighth session of the Legislature, 1909 (Volume 2 Civil Code) online

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THE

CODES OF CALIFORNIA



AS AMENDED AND IN FORCE AT THE CLOSE OF THE

THIRTY-EIGHTH SESSION OF THE LEGISLATURE,

1909



IN FOUR VOLUMES

POCKET EDITION

ANNOTATED BY

JAMES M. KEKR



VOLUME TWO
CIVIL (ODE



BAN I^^RANCJSCO
BENDER - MOSIS COMPA \ ^'

LAW ITIU.r.SIIERS AND BOOKSELLEKS

1909



Copyright, 1909
By Bender-Moss Company



FOREWORD,



In putting forth this edition of the Civil Code the editor
desires to call the attention of the younger members of the
profession, and of those who are about to enter upon the
practice of the law, to the value and the excellence of our
Civil Code. It comprises the body of substantive law in all
civil matters, the same as the Code of Civil Procedure con-
tains the law regulating the procedure and practice in all civil
causes and proceedings in all the courts of the state. These
two codes supplement each other; one embodies the body
of the substantive, the other the adjective law of the state.

The Civil Code supersedes and supplants all Civil Law and
all Common Law doctrines and rules, and, where it speaks,
is supreme. Hence the importance of a close study of and
thorough knowledge of its provisions. After the Code itself
are the application of and interpretation of its provisions by
our state courts and the Federal courts. All these applica-
tions and interpretations are collected in Kerr's Cyclopedic
Codes — and nowhere else, together with a great deal of perti-
nent matter drawn from all the courts of all the states of the
Union, to fully enforce and illustrate a principle in all its
various applications, or to show that a doctrine announced is
out of harmony with the general trend of authority, or con-
trary to the weight of decision in this country.

The annotations sui)plied to the Pocket Edition do not
duplicate, but merely supplement, the annotations found in the
Cyclopedic Codes — the great and only body of pertinent and
exhaustive annotations of our Codes.

A word of explanation as to the method of annotation in this
volume may not be out of place. It is sought to make the
volume a complete index to valuable collections of authori-
ties. Of course the Century Digest and Decennial Digest
furnish the only complete collection — applicable and inappli-

iii



FOREWORD.

cable to our Codes — of American authorities upon any subje*
of the law; but there are many valuable collections — thoug
incomplete — along particular lines, elaborating a distinct legai
point, with a thread of discussion thrown in, and sometimes
showing the history of the development of a particular doc-
trine. All these are more or less valuable, according to the
ability and experience and sound legal judgment of the
persons who prepare them. All are assistful to the practi-
tion'^1' References have been made to all of these annota-
tions or monographic notes, as well as numerous specific
references to the Century and Decennial Digests, making this
volume a complete index, — on the more important topics of
substantive law, — to all valuable collections of authorities to
be found in the various series of selected and annotated cases,
supplemented by general and specific references to the great
body of exhaustive annotations to be found in Kerr's Cyclo-
pedic Codes of California, — the greatest body of exhaustive
and pertinent annotation to be found anywhere.

Believing that a complete and systematic treatment of a
topic in one note is more assistful than the same matter dis-
persed throughout the entire subject as presented in the Code,
it has been the aim to keep the matter on a particular subject
as much in one place as practicable. Thus, in the title Corpo-
rations, those matters common to all corporations will be
found collected under § 283 ; matters peculiar to insurance
companies generally, will be found under §414; matters pe-
culiar to railroads and street-railroads, under § 454 and § 497
respectively; bridge, ferry, etc., corporations, under § 528;
telegraph and telephone companies, under §536; water com-
panies, under § 548, and so on. In the title Carriers, all that
pertains to carriers generally, and affects all classes of car-
riers, will be found collected under § 2085 and the sections
immediately following; matters pertaining to carriers of per-
sons, and carriers of goods and livestock, under § 2100 and
§ 2114 respectively.

This method of annotation is new, and it is hoped the pro-
fession will find it to be as assistful and convenient as the
editor believes it will be.

iv



FOREWORD.

The index is prepared on the same general plan as the index
to Kerr's Annotated Pocket Code of Civil Procedure, and it is
expected that it will prove to be as highly satisfactory as did
the one to the Pocket Procedure.

In the preparation of this volume the editor has received
valuable assistance from Mr. W. S. Church, of the San
Francisco Bar.

JAMES M. KERR.

San Francisco, August 12, 1909.



I



CONTKNTS.



ERRORS IN CALIFORNIA REPORTS IN CITATION
ABBREVIATIONS IN POCKET CODES



TITLE OF THE ACT

PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS



Pap:es.
xxi-xxx



Sections.

1



1-21



DIVISION FIRST. (Sees. 25-653zb.)

PART I. PERSONS 2.i-lL'

II. PERSONAL RIGHTS 4.'.-r.1

III. PERSONAL RELATIONS 55-276



Title I. Marriage 55-181

Chapter I. The Contract of Marriage 55-80

Article I. Validity of MarriaRe 5.5-63

II. Authentication of Marrlapte 6S-79a

11 r, .Judicial Determination of Void Marriage SO

Chapter II. Divorce 82-148

Article I. Nullity 82-86

II. Dissolution of Marriase 90-107

III. Causes for Denying Divorce 111-1:12

IV. C.enoral Provisions 136-118

Chapter 111. llnshand and Wifr 155-181



Title II. Parent and Child.

Chapter 1. Hy Hirth

II. Hy .Vdoption



193-2;'.0

i;t:;-2i5

L' 2 1-230



Title III. Guardian and Ward J36-258

IV. Master and Apprentice 264-276

vli



CONTENTS.

Sections.

PART IV. CORPORATIONS 283-653zb

Title I. General Provisions Applicable to All Cor-
porations 283-410

Chapter I. Formation of Corporations 283-321b

Article I. Corporations Defined and How Organized 283-300a
II. By-Laws, Directors, Electors, and Meet-
ings 301-321b

Chap+prll. Corporate Stock 322-349

Article I. Stock and Stockholders 322-329

II. Assessment of Stock 331-349

Chapter III. Corporate Powers 354-393

Article I. General Powers 354-365

II. Records 377, 378

III. Examination of Corporations, etc 382-384

IV. Judgment Against and Sale of Corporate

Property 388-393

Chapter IV. Extension and Dissolution of Corpora-
tions 399-403

V. General Provisions Affecting Corporations

^. .... 403[a],404

VI. Foreign Corporations 405-410

Title II. Insurance Corporations 414-453p

Chapter I. General Provisions 414-421 [a]

II. Fire, Marine, and Title Insurance Com-
panies 424-432

III. Mutual Life; Health, and Accident Insur-

ance Corporations 437-452

IV. Mutual Benefit and Life Associations. . . . 452a, 453
V. Corporations to Discover Fire and Save

Property and Human Life from Destruc-
tion Thereby 453a-453c

VI. Life, Health, Accident, and Annuity or
Endowment Insurance on the Assess-
ment Plan 453d-453p

viii



CONTENTS.

Sections.
Title ill. Railroad Corporations 454-494

Chapter I. Officers and Corporate Stock 454-459

II. Enumeration of Powers 465-478

III. Business, how Conducted 479-494

Title IV. Street-Railroad Corporations 497-511

V. Wagon-Road Corporations 512-524

VI. Bridges, Ferry, Wharf, Chute, and Pier

Corporations 528-531

VII. Telegraph and Telephone Corporations.. 536-540

•VIII. Water and Canal Corporations 548-552

IX. Homestead Corporations 557-566

X. Savings and Loan Corporations 571-583b

XI. Mining Corporations 586-590

XIa. Corporations for the Formation of Cham-
bers of Commerce, Boards of Trade,
IVIechanics' Institutes, and other Kin-
dred Associations 591-592e

XII. Religious, Social, and Benevolent Corpo-
rations ■ 593-605

XI la. Societies for the Prevention of Cruelty to

Children and Animals 607-607g

XIII. Cemetery Corporations 608-616

XIV. Agricultural Fair Corporations 620-622

XV. Corporations to Furnish Light for Public

Use 629-632

XVI. Building and Loan Associations 633-648a

XVII. Colleges and Seminaries of Learning.... 649-651
XVIII. Consolidation of Colleges and Institutions

of Higher Education 652,653

XIX. Co-operative Business Corporations 653a

XX. Co-operative Business Associations 653b-653I

XXI. Non-Profit Co-operative Agricultural, Viti-

cultural and Horticultural Associations 653m-653s
XXII. Non-Profit Co-operative Corporations. .. .653t-653zb
ix



CONTENTS.

Sections.

DIVISION SECOND. (Sec. 654-1425.)

PART I. PROPERTY IN GENERAL 654-749

Title I. Nature of Property 654-663

II. Ownership 669-742

Chapter I. Owners 669-672

II. Modifications of Ownership 678-726

Article I. Interest in Property 678-703

II. Conditions of Ownership 707-711

III. Resraints upon Alienation 715-718

IV. Accumulations 722-726

Chapter III. Rights of Owners 732, 733

IV. Termination of Ownership 739-742

Title III. General Definitions 748,749

PART II. REAL OR IMMOVABLE PROPERTY... 755-940

Title I. General Provisions 755

II. Estates in Real Property 761-811

Chapter I. Estates in General 761-781

11. Termination of Estates 789-793

III. Servitudes 801-811

Title III. Rights and Obligations of Owners 818-843

Chapter I. Rights of Owners 818-834

Article I. Incidents of Ownership 818-827

II. Boundaries 829-834

Chapter II. Obligations of Owners 840-843

Title IV. Uses and Trusts 847-871

V. Powers (repealed) 878-940

PART III. PERSONAL OR MOVABLE PROPERTY. 946-995

Title I. Personal Property in General 946,947

11. Particular Kinds of Personal Property... 953-995
X



CONTEXT>^.

Sections.

Chapter 1. Things in Action 953, 954

II. Shipping 960-973

Article I. General Provisions 960-966

II. Rules of Navigation 970-973

Chapter III. Products of the Mind 980-985

IV. Other Kinds of Personal Property 991-995

PART IV. ACQUISITION OF PROPERTY 1000-1426S

Title I. Modes in Which Property May Be Ac-
quired 1000, 1001

II. Occupancy 1006, 1007

III. Accession 1013-1033

Chapter I. Accession to Real Property 1013-1019

II. Accession to Personal Property 1025-1033

Title IV. Transfer 1039-1231

Chapter I. Transfers in General 1039-1085

Article I. Definition of Transfer 1039, 1040

II. What May Be Transferred 1044-1047

III. Mode of Transfer 1052-1060

IV. Interpretation of Grants 1066-1072

V. p:ffect of Transfer 1083-1085

Chapter II. Transfer of Real Property 1091-1115

Article I. Mode of Transfer .' 1091-1096

II. Effect of Transfer 1104-1115

Chapter III. Transfer of Personal Property 1135-1153

Article I. Mode of Transfer 1135, 1136

II. What Operates as a Transfer 1140-1142

III. Gifts 1146-1153

Chapter IV. Recording Transfers 1158-1218

Article I. What May Be Recorded 1158-1 165

• II. Mode of Recording 1169-1173

III. Proof and Acknowledgment of Instru-

ments 1180-1207

IV. Effect of Recording, or the Want Thereof .1213-1218
Chapter V. Unlawful Transfers 1227-1231

xi



CONTENTS.

Sections.

Title V. Homesteads 1237-1269c

Chapter I. General Provisions 1237-1261

II. Homestead of the Head of a Family 1262-1265

III. Homestead of Other Persons 1266-1269

IV. Alienation of Homesteads of Insane Per-

sons 1269a-1269c

Title VI. Wills 1270-1377

Chapter I. Execution and Revocation of Wills 1270-1313

IT. Interpretation of Wills, and Effect of Vari-
ous Provisions 1317-1351

III. General Provisions 1357-1377

Title VII. Succession 1383-1409

VIII. Water-Rights 1410-1422

IX. Hydraulic Mining 1424,1425

X. Locating Mining Claims, Tunnel Rights,

Mill Sites, etc 1426-1426s

DIVISION THIRD. (Sees. 1427-3268.)

PARTI. OBLIGATIONS IN GENERAL 1427-1543

Title I. Definition of Obligations 1427, 1428

II. Interpretation of Obligations 1429-1451

Chapter I. General Rules of Interpretation 1429

II. Joint or Several Obligations 1430-1432

III. Conditional Obligations 1434-1442

IV. Alternative Obligations 1448-1451

Title III. Transfer of Obligations 1457-1468

IV. Extinction of Obligations 1473-1543

Chapter I. Performance 1473-1479

II. Offer of Performance 1485-1505

III. Prevention of Performance or Offer 1511-1515

IV. Accord and Satisfaction 1521-1524

V. Novation 1530-1533

VI. Release 1541-1543

xii



CONTENTS.

S.-ctions.
PART II. CONTRACTS 1549-1701

Title I. Nature of a Contract 1549-1615

Chapter I. Definition 1549, 1550

II. Parties 1556-1559

III. Consent 1565-1589

IV. Object of a Contract 1595-1599

V. Consideration 1605-1615

Title II. Manner of Creating Contracts 1619-1629

III. Interpretation of Contracts 1635-1661

IV. Unlawful Contracts 1667-1676

V. Extinction of Contracts 1682-1701

Chapter I. Contracts, How Extinguished 1682

II. Rescission 16S8-1691

III. Alteration and Cancelation 1697-1701

PART III. OBLIGATIONS IMPOSED BY LAW 1708-1715

IV. OBLIGATIONS ARISING FROM PAR-

TICULAR TRANSACTIONS 1721-3268

Title I. Sale 1721-179S

Chapter I. General Provisions 1721-1741

Article I. Sale 1721, 1722

II. Agreement for Sale 1726-1734

III. Form of the Contract 1739-1741

Chapter II. Rights and Obligations of the Seller 1748-1778

Article I. Rights and Duties Before Delivery 1748, 1749

II. Delivery 1753-1758

III. Warranty 1763-1778

Chapter III. Rights and Obligations of the Buyer 1784-1786

IV. Sale by Auction 1792-1798

Title II. Exchange 1804-1807

III. Deposit 1813-1878

Chapter I. Deposit in General 1813-1828

Article I. Nature and Creation of Deposit 1813-1818

II. Obligations of the Depof?|tary ., 1822-1828

xiii



CONTENTS.

Sections.

Chapter II. Deposit for Keeping 1833-1872

Article I. General Provisions 1833-1840

II. Gratuitous Deposit 1844-1847

III. Storage 1851-1857

Ilia. Warehousemen 1858-1858f

IV. Innkeepers 1859-1863

V. Finding 1864-1872

Chapter III. Deposit for Exchange 1878

Title IV. Loan 1884-1920

Chapter I. Loan for Use 1884-1896

II. Loan for Exchange 1902-1906

III. Loan of Money 1912-1920

Title V. Hiring 1925-1959

Chapter I. Hiring in General 1925-1935

II. Hiring of Real Property 1941-1950

III. Hiring of Personal Property 1955-1959

Title VI. Service 1965-2079

Chapter I. Service of Employment 1965-2003

Article I. Definition of Employment 1965

II. Obligations of the Employer 1969-1971

m. Obligations of the Employee 1975-1992

IV. Termination of Employment 1996-2003

Chapter II. Particular Employment 2009-2072

Article I. Master and Servant .2009-2015

II. Agents 2019-2022

III. Factors 2026-2030

IV. Shipmasters 2034-2044

V. Mates and Seamen 2048-2066

VI. Ship's Managers 2070-2072

Chapter III. Service Without Employment 2078, 2079

Title VII. Carriage 2085-2209

Chapter I. Carriage in General 2085-2090

II. Carriage of Persons 2096-2104

Article I. Gratuitous Carriage of Persons 2096

II. Carriage for Reward 2100-2104

xiv



CONTENTS.

Sections.
Chapter III. Carriage of Property 2110-2155

Article I. General Definitions 2110

II. Obligations of the Carrier 2114-2122

III. Bill of Lading 2126-2132

IV. Freightage 2136-2144

V. General Average 2148-2155

Chapter IV. Carriers of Messages 2161, 2162

V. Common Carriers 2168-2209

Article I. Common Carriers in General 2168-2177

II. Common Carriers of Persons 2180-2191

III. Common Carriers of Property 2194-2204

IV. Common Carriers of Messages 2207-2209

Title VIII. Trusts 2215-2289

Chapter I. Trusts in General 2215-2244

Article I. Nature and Creation of a Trust 2215-2224

n. Obligations of Trustees 2228-2239

III. Obligations of Third Persons 2243, 2244

Chapter II. Trusts for the Benefit of Third Persons. .2250-2289

Article I. Nature and Creation of the Trust 2250-2254

II. Obligations of Trustees 2258-2263

III, Powers of Trustees 2267-2269

IV. Rights of Trustees 2273-2275

V. Termination of the Trust 2279-2283

VI. Succession or Appointment of New Trus-
tees 2287-2289

Title IX. Agency 2295-2389

Chapter I. Agency in General 2295-2356

Article I. Definition of Agency 2295-2300

II. Authority of Agents 2304-2326

III. Mutual Obligations of Principals and

Third Persons 2330-2339

IV. Obligations of Agents to Third Persons. .2342-2345
V. Delegation of Agency 2349-2351

VI. Termination of Agency 2355, 2356

XV



CONTENTS.

Sections.

Chapter II. Particular Agencies 2362-2389

Article I. Auctioneers 2362, 2363

II. Factors 2367-2369

III. Shipmasters and Pilots 2373-2385

IV. Ships' Managers 2388, 2389

Title X. Partnership 2395-2520

Chapter I. Partnership in General 2395-2418

Article I. What Constitutes a Partnership 2395-2397

II, r-a rtnership Property 2401-2406

III. Mutual Obligation of Partners 2410-2413

IV. Renunciation of Partnership 2417, 2418

Chapter II. General Partnership 2424-2472

Aritcle I. What is a General Partnership 2424

II. Powers and Authority of Partners 2428-2431

III. Mutual Obligations of Partners 2435-2438

IV. Liability of Partners 2442-2445

V. Termination of Partnership 2449-2454

VI. Liquidation 2458-2462

VII. Of the Use of Fictitious Names 2466-2472

Chapter III. Special Partnership 2477-2510

Article I. Formation of Partnership 2477-2485

II. Powers, Rights, and Duties of the Part-
ners 2489-2496

III. Liability of Partners 2500-2503

IV. Alteration and Dissolution 2507-2510

Chapter IV. Mining Partnership 2511-2520

Title XI. Insurance 2527-2766

Chapter I. Insurance in General 2527-2649

Article I. Definition of Insurance 2527

II. What May Be Insured 2531-2534

III. Parties to the Contract 2538-2542

IV. Insurable Interest 2546-2558

V. Concealment and Representation 2561-2583

VI. The Policy 2586-2599

VII. Warranties 2603-2612

VIII. Premium 2616-2622

xvi



CONTENTS.
Article. Sections.

IX. Loss 2626-2629

X. Notice of Loss 2633-2637

XL Double Insurance 2641, 2642

XIL Reinsurance 2646-2649

Chapter IL Marine Insurance 2655-2746

Article I. Definition of Marine Insurance 2655

II. Insurable Interest 2659-2665

III. Concealment 2669-2672

IV. Representations 2676, 2677

V. Implied Warranties 2681-2688

VI. The Voyage and Deviation 2692-2697

VII. Loss 2701-2712

VIII. Abandonment 2716-2732

IX. Measure of Indemnity 2736-2746

Chapter III. Fire Insurance 2752-2757

IV. Life and Health Insurance 2762-27-66

Title XII. Indemnity 2772-2781

XIII. Guaranty 2787-2866

Chapter I. Guaranty in General 2787-2825

Article I. Definition of Guaranty 2787, 2788

II. Creation of Guaranty 2792-2795

III. Interpretation of Guaranty 2799-2802

IV. Liability of Guarantors 2806-2810

V. Continuing Guaranty 2814, 2815

VI. Exoneration of Guarantors 2819-2825

Chapter II. Suretyship 2831-2866

Article I. Who Are Sureties 2831, 2832

II. Liability of Sureties 2836-2840

III. Rights of Sureties 2844-2850

IV. Rights of Creditors 2854

V. Letter of Credit 2858-2866

Title XIV. Lien 2872-3080

Chapter I. Liens in General 2872-2913

Article I. Definition of Lien 2872-2877

TI. Creation of Liens 2881-2884

III. Effect of Liens 2888-2892

xvii



Articlo.

IV.

V.

VI.

Chapter II.

Article I.

II.

III.

Chapter III.

TV.

V.

VI.

VII.

Title XV.

Chapter I.

Article I.

II.

III.

IV.

V.

VI.

VII.

Chapter II.

Article I.

II.

HI.

IV.

V.

VI.

VII.

VIII.

Chapter III.

IV.

V.



Title XVI.



CONTENTS.

Sections.

Priority of Liens 2897-2899

Redemption from Lien 2903-2905

Extinction of Liens 2909-2913

Mortgage 2920-2973

Mortgages in General 2920-2942

Mortgages of Real Property 2947-2952

Mortgage of Personal Property 2955-2973

Pledge 2986-3011

Bottomry 3017-3029

Respondentia 3036-3040

Other Liens 3046-3065

Stoppage in Transit 3076-3080

Negotiable Instruments 3086-3262

Negotiaijle Instruments in General. ..... .3086-3165

General Definitions 3086-3095

Interpretation of Negotiable Instruments. 3099-3104

Indorsement 3108-3125

Presentment for Payment 3130-3137

Dishonor of Negotiable Instruments 3141-3151

Excuse of Presentment and Notice 3155-3160

Extinction of Negotiable Instruments.. . .3164, 3165

Bills of Exchange 3171-3238

Form and Interpretation of a Bill 3171-3177

Days of Grace 3181

Presentment for Acceptance 3185-3189

Acceptance 3193-3199

Acceptance or Payment for Honor 3203-3207

Presentment for Payment 3211-3214

Excuse of Presentment and Notice 3218-3220

Foreign Bills 3224-3238

Promissory Notes 3244-3248

Checks 3254, 3255

Bonds, Bank-Notes, and Certificates of

Deposit 3261, 3262

General Provisions 3268



CONTENTvS.

DIVISION FOURTH. (Sees. 3274-3543.)

PART I. RELIEF 3274-3423

Title I. Relief in General 3274, 3275

II. Compensatory Relief 3281-3360

Chapter I. Damages in General 3281-3294

Article I. General Principles 3281-3283

II. Interest as Damages 3287-3290

III. Exemplary Damages 3294

Chapter II. Measure of Damages 3300-3360

Article I. Damages for Breach of Contract 3300-3319

II. Damages for Wrongs 3333-3341

III. Penal Damages 3344-3348

IV. General Provisions 3353-3360

Title III. Specific and Preventive Relief 3366-3423

Chapter I. General Principles 3366-3369

II. Specific Relief 3375-3415

Article I. Possession of Real Property 3375

II. Possession of Personal Property 3379, 3380

III. Specific Performance of Obligations 3384-3395

IV. Revision of Contracts 3399-3402

V. Rescission of Contracts 3406-3408

VI. Cancelation of Instruments 3412-3415

Chapter III. Preventive Relief 3420-3423

PART II. SPECIAL RELATIONS OF DEBTOR

AND CREDITOR 3429-3473

Title I. General Principles 3429-3433

II. Fraudulent Instruments and Transfers. . .3439-3442
III. Assignments for the Benefit of Creditors. 3449-3473

PART III. NUISANCE 3479-3503

Title I. General Principles 3479-3484

II. Public Nuisances 3490-3495

III. Private Nuisances 3501-350*3

PART IV. MAXIMS OF JURISPRUDENCE 3509-3543

xix



TABLE OF ERRORS

IN CALIFORNIA REPORTS IN CITATION

OF CODE SECTIONS.



CIVIL CODE.

§ 14 erroneously cited as § 172, 137 C. 354, 356, correct cita-
tion, 70 P. 459.

§ 29 erroneously cited for § 2910, 87 C. 15, 21, correct cita-
tion, 25 P. 161, 162.

§ 43 erroneously cited for § 46, 124 C. 193, 199, correct citation,
56 P. 878, 880.

§ 46 erroneously cited as § 43, 124 C. 193, 199, correct citation,
56 P. 878, 880.

§ 82 erroneously cited for § 852, 88 C. 560, 565, correct citation,
26 P. 367, 368.

§ 132 erroneously cited for § 137, 79 C. 336, 339, correct cita-
tion, 21 P. 838, 839.

§ 137 erroneously cited as § 132, 79 C. 336, 339, correct citation,
21 P. 838, 839.

§ 137 erroneously cited as § 137 C. C. P., 98 C. 320, 321, correct
citation, 33 P. 114, 115.

§ 155 erroneously cited for § 156, 92 C. 653, 655, correct cita-
tion, 28 P. 787.

§ 156 erroneously cited as § 155, 92 C. 653, 655, correct citation,
28 P. 787.

§ 167 erroneously cited as § 170, 137 C. 273, 276, same error,
92 A. S. 160, correct citation, 70 P. 21, 22, and 58
L. 941.

§ 170 erroneously cited for § 167, 137 C. 273, 276, same error,
92 A. S. 160, correct citation, 70 P. 21, 22, and 58
L. 941.

§ 170 erroneously cited for § 171, 70 C. 282, 285, same error,
11 P. 719, 720, 721.

xxi



TABLE OF ERRORS.

§ 170 erroneously cited for § 172, 71 C. 418, 422, same error,
12 P. 347, 348.

§ 171 erroneously cited as § 170, 70 C. 282, 285, same error, 11
P. 719, 720, 721.

§ 171 erroneously cited as § 172, 70 C. 282, 285, same error,
11 P. 719, 720, 721.

§ 172 erroneously cited for § 14, 137 C. 354, 356, correct cita-
tion, 70 P. 459.

§ 172 erroneously cited as § 170, 71 C. 418, 422, same error, 12



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