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AlOtt -ft-96.



I CANNOT let this volume of " Letters Received " see the light
without at the same time expressing my high appreciation of the
cordial welcome which its predecessor, the Journal of 1699-1732,
received from all sides. I was cordially thanked for it, not only
by the Press of the Metropolis, but also by many kindly reviewers
in other parts of South Africa, to say nothing of private letters
received, written in the same spirit, and the verbal thanks of so
many others, whose opinion I value highly. Such a favourable
reception of one portion of my work, therefore, naturally induces
me to hope that also this volume will receive an equally hearty
welcome, confident as I am that its contents will be found
equally interesting.

It will be seen that the despatches do not run consecutively
according to date. This difficulty I could not avoid without
having the volumes containing them cut up for the purpose of
re-arrangement. But this I deemed unadvisable, as they would
.hardly bear rebinding without being seriously injured. Theii
index should therefore be compiled from this precis, which will
obviate every seeming difficulty. The third volume, containing
"Letters Despatched," 1695-1708, is now in the hands of the


Keeper of the Archives

of the Cape of Good Hope.

Joint Library of Parliament,

September, 1896.





1 695.


No. 1, p. 565. From the Seventeen, Amsterdam.!

Notice given that an extract of a letter to Batavia is enclosed i- t jTo
for the Cape Council's information.

%< No. 2, p. 511. From Committee of the Seventeen, at the Hague.]

Encloses orders for the return fleet. Six ships being fitted out 22nd July
at Brest their destination not known. " You are to be on your
guard and in a proper state of defence. The fitting out of some
of the Company's ships as ordered by the Directors, proceeding
slowly, as sailors are very scarce."

"No. 3, p. 569.]

Extract of the letter referred to in No. 1. " Wrote you on the I7th y t
14th July by the " Zandlooper." Safe arrival of 15 return ships.
Reason to be grateful to God, as the French had been prepared to
take them with a squadron of war ships. Another squadron
captured the English return ship " Princess Anna," with a very rich
cargo, after the " Henry," Captain John Hudson, coming from

Vol. II.

1695. Surat, had been attacked and severely handled off Ireland by u
privateer commissioned by King James. The latter vessel
17th Sept. Branded an d wen t to pieces in " Viritys " Bay, being valued at
more than 100,000 sterling. A portion of the cargo was saved.
The slow sailing ships you are henceforth to keep in India and
employ there. Complaints that the ships did not carry out their
sailing orders will be investigated. Difficult to man the ships,
sailors very scarce." Total of the ships and men given, viz. :
25 ships and 4,000 men. Fear expressed of making the voyage
by the north passage, remembering the disasters which have
already occurred. " After a long siege the city and castle of
Namur had been surrendered to the allies ; a hostile force
of 100,000 men not having been able to relieve it. This had
made the victory so much more glorious. The whole has been
printed, and some copies are here annexed. This will be brought
you by the " Henuetje." "

"No. 4, p. 577]

List of papers sent by the " Hennetje."

" No. 5, p. 519. From Rotterdam.]

22nd Augus: . About the new ship " Het huis te Jeruzalem." " This letter will
be taken by the " Heunetje," formerly called the " Haantje" and
taken by the French before the declaration of the present war.
Afterwards we seized it at Newport, and after a lawsuit running
over 6 years we recovered it, and fitted it out for India."

" No. 6, p. 281.]

169.5. From the officers of the "Faarn" (dated 10th April, 1696).

Ship's arrival in Saldanha Bay from Texel " We cannot

oth April re f ra j n f rom communicating to you the success of the arms of the
King of Great Britain, who in the face of an army of 100,000
men captured the strong city and castle of Namur, although
France was in the meanwhile bombarding Brussels. A day of
thanksgiving was held in Holland, and bonfires in honour of the
victory lighted in almost all the towns, so gloriously as have not
been witnessed for many years. This happened five days before
our departure. The place is considered indispensable by
France." .

" No. 7, p. 581. From Amsterdam.]

" Last summer the Rev. Petrus Kalden left for the Cape in the 1695.
" Nichtevegt." He was fined half a month's pay for not being "
present at the muster, but as he was absent through ignorance, the
fine is to be refunded to him. He is, however, to swear before
you according to the conditions of the " artikul brief."

The widow of the late Thomas Slioher, Councillor Extraordinary,
expected to be on board the return fleet. She is to be particularly
cared for, &c."

No. 8, p. 523. From the commodore of the return fleet, R. de Vos.

(Addressed to Advocate Pieter van Dam.) " Had left Batavia 25th August,
last year with the return fleet, cargo valued at f 3,497,698. 12. 8 cost
price, and arrived at the Cape on the 3rd March. On the llth the
"Berckel" also arrived with a value of f2b9,317.7. Fleet
refreshed by Governor S. v. d. Stel, and resolved to leave on the
5th April should the Ceylon squadron not arrive before that time.
They, however, did do so with a cargo valued at f 966,527. 10, and
at the suggestion of the Governor the Broad Council decided that
all the vessels should leave together on the 15th, and keep together
in order to be better protected in these times of war. Arrival of
the " Gent " with secret orders. Left on the 18th, but as a heavy
storm from the N.W. set in, some vessels could not leave Table

Bay, and we are very anxious about them Unexpected

arrival at Goeree of the " Spiegel " and " Huis ten Duinen,"
which had left the Cape on the 24th May, the one for Amsterdam
and the other for Zealand ; their cargoes are valued at about
five tons of gold, and with those of the above mentioned ships make
a grand total of 5,233,548.9.8. The storm had done no harm to
the ships in Table Bay/' Arrivals of ships at the Cape since his
departure. " Passed the Dogger's Bank on the 20th without meet-
ing any cruisers. No pilots came out from Texel, though we
could see the roadstead and the Muscovite ships on it. We there-
fore decided to proceed to Goeree, the safest plan, as we thought,
with these valuable ships. We trust that the Directors will not
take this step amiss. With 11 ships we anchored the day before
yesterday outside the banks before Goeree. No pilot having
appeared before yesterday evening, we trust to be in soon ; while
the other 4 ships that parted from us, will we trust be safe in
Texel by this time," &c. (Signed) R. de Vos, on the ship
" Koning Willem," before Goeree, 23rd August, 1695.

No. 9, p. 531.]

The resolution adopted by the Broad Council (see above), 2ist August,
giving the reasons why the fleet sailed for Goeree,

15 2

2 1st Augurt.

" No. 10, p. 535.

List of papers sent to the Cape with the "Faam." (See No. 6.)
No. 4. Extract from the resolution adopted by the Seventeen,
and dated 13th July, 1695, regarding the sickness and mortality
which lasted some years on the ships voyaging to India, and also
regarding the fresh water distilled from the sea.

" No. 11, p. 793. From Middelburg.]

26th Dec. B- quest thai the skippers of the " Kattendyk," &c., may be
favourably received. Any unkindness to them will be considered
as an unkindness to us.

26th Dec.

No. 12, p. 801. From Middelburg.]

I- kipper Jan Naalhoud is ordered not to allow Skipper Hendrik
Prouck to usurp the command over the squadron.

Nf. 13, p. 717. From the Seventeen, Amsterdam.]

lOtL Nov. Departure of the " Faarn " on the 3rd October for the Cape.
" The letter to India will tell you what ships are to be despatched
thither. The frigate " Soldaat " destined for service at the Cape.
We send you f30,000 in specie

Salutes of honour fired at the Cape by the ships strictly for-
bidden by the Articul Brief, 65, not only because of the danger
which may result, but also for other reasons. The Fiscal ordered
to take proceedings against offenders, who are to be mulcted in
their pay. This has already been done in Holland in a few cases.
The ships' officers to carry out instructions of Governor- General
and Council, dated 4th June, 1694. This order does not refer to
the ordinary salutes fired on arrival or departure, &c.

Passage has been allowed to Grietje Jans with her children,
wife of Jan Jansz Swart, sick comforter at the Cape. The latter
is therefore bound by Company's orders to remain 15 years in

We have also given passage to Huibertje Harmensz, lately
widow of Jan Thomasz, sworn midwife, and to her daughter. She

will carry out her profession at the Cape We have

appointed Samuel Elsevier (who will soon arrive) in the place of
the late Secunde Andries de Man, at f80 per month.

Johannes Blesius, provisionally appointed by you as Fiscal, we
have confirmed in that appointment.

You are, however, to understand that those who are appointed, 1595.
or may still be appointed, you will have no right to send away to
Batavia or elsewhere, or to allow to leave without our special orders." loth Nov "

No. 14, p. 515. From P. v. Dam.]

" On the 22nd instant we informed you that six ships were being 25th July,
equipped at Brest, their destination not being known. Being
now informed that they are only victualled for three months, they
are not intended for a long voyage. This has removed our anxiety,
and wo apprise you of the news. You are, however, not to
abate in your watchfulness."

No. 15, p. 797.]

A document similar to No. 12, addressed to Skipper Verhulst.

No. 16, p. 585. From Malacca.]

"Received your letters of 21st April this year, communicating to 1 8th October,
us by order of the Directors, the apparent designs of the French
in these Asiatic regions. . . . We do not believe that the French
will endeavour to attack Malacca with such a small force of six
hips, but it has very likely been divulged for the sake of making
a diversion, and carrying out their intentions elsewhere. More-
over we deem it impossible for them by means of embassies and
grand presents to persuade the Grand Mogul and the Persian
monarch to make the Company their enemies, and declare war
against it. This is sooner said than done. Moreover the Mogul
or great King Orang Zeep is too wise, reasonable, and far seeing
to allow himself to be persuaded by a French embassy and
presents to buckle on his harness against the Netherland State, there
being no doubt that the French ambassadors when once they
appear before the troublesome court of the Mogul, will only then
fully experience how they have been mistaken in their high
projects and opinions. In the meanwhile we hope that the French
ships mentioned on the coast of India and elsewhere, may by the
prudence of the Batavia Government and the dispatch of a good
number of Company's ships, be captured and destroyed, and ihat
the evil designs of the enemy may be frustrated. Which God
grant." ....

No. 17, p. 589. From Batavia.

" Received your letters of 22
February; 4th and 24th March; 26th April; 3rd. 5th. i5th. 9th March.

" Received your letters of 22ud November ; 15th and

1696 23rd and 26th May ; 1st June ; 8th July; and 4th August of
last year. The latter despatch informed us of the wreck of the
9th March. j^ e y^fo Standvastigheid," another great loss to the Company.
It is good that the Fiscal instituted an inquiry, as it may satisfy
us that the disaster is not the consequence of human neglect. We
ask, however, whether two full months were required, from 16th
May to 10th July, to discharge the vessel and make the necessary
repairs, as we believe that in the case of such small craft, much
could be done in a month. We would therefore recommend you
in future to use greater expedition, that our experience may agree
with your professions. During some years now heavy mis-
fortunes have befallen many of the Company's ships by the death

of their men, and in other ways May Grod in His goodness

permit the ships to voyage with better fortune than has been the
case with some. " . . . .

Dissatisfaction expressed beoause so much had been taken out
of the outward bound ships for supplying the Cape and the return
fleet. The confusion arising in India in consequence as everything
is very much wanted there. Orders on this matter are henceforth
to be better obeyed. "The " Spiegel " and " Huis te Duinen " not
having lost any cables, we do not know why they were supplied
with any. Nor do we know how they managed to have so much
damaged gunpowder on board, as their voyage lasted only three
months. We do not find that you have inquired into the matter
at all. The " Oosthuysen " spent at the Cape Eds. 64 for some
necessaries for the voyage, the Company having only useless
articles at hand. The " Oosthuysen," detained off Eobben Island
by contrary winds, likewise had to pay Eds. 42| for some sheep
which could not be got on the Island without payment, and at the
Cape Eds. 32 for some muids of beans and peas. The " Eemnes ''
had to spend Eds. 40 in Saldanha Bay not being able to get
anything without money. As the ships are to be supplied by the
Company itself, the amount will not be allowed before it is plainly
shown that the expense was unavoidable. What steps the
Directors may take in this matter and in the, so to say, never
ending general complaint about the badness of what is supplied to
the ships on behalf of the Compaq, though it is said that
something good may still be obtained for money from certain
persons privileged by the Governor, their honours will no douLt
acquaint you with ; and also in how far they are satisfied with
your reply of the 31st December, 1694. Those who know, have
told us that on Eobben and Dassen Islands and also at Saldanha
Bay the pastures are so good that cattle having run there a few
months, become as fat as can be wished. Therefore from time to
time a large number should be sent to those places for the benefit
of the ships and the poor sick, the chief thing to be borne in
mind at the Cape, and the reason why the Company bears the
heavy expenses there.

The officers of the " Standvastigheid " should have given you 1695.
reasons for the deficit of more than one last on the 40 sent hence
to the Cape. The amount is to be written off on profit and loss "

account, but we see no reason to supplement the quantity in your

The widow Jeronymus Croese is to receive interest for the amount

of lids. 3,000. (See our despatch 8th December, 1693)

We would like to know in time whether the cultivation of Indigo
at the Cape and Mauritius has been successful.

The atmext-d copies will inform you of the sentences passed by
the Court of Justice on the late residents at Mauritius, viz :
Isaac Joh Lamotius ; Abr. Steen ; and Jacob Ovaar. The two
first have been banished to Banda.

You are to attach marginals to your despatches. We trust that
tliis our order will henceforth be obeyed for our and your

Our chief bookkeeper (treasurer) Michiel Baalde drew our atten-
tion to the great excesses in promotions, monthly pay and
condemnations. Those servants who have no credit balance, but
have been fined, have their fines paid out of the Company's chest:
to the Fiscal, contrary to the orders of the Directors. This cannot
be passed by, but must be altered. You are therefore to reply to
us according to the annexed statement, and that of 1691, which
it appears you have pigeon-holed. We send you copies of the
orders of the Directors on this subject, and also of our own resolu-
tions. Promotions have often been made, which might safely
have been loft to us. In extraordinary cases like that of the
" Handboog " we approve of your conduct. You are annually to
send the register of promotions.

We allow the mardyker Jan de Soisa and the Chinaman Thee
Thiouko to return to their friends, who have begged us to allow
them to do so. The Chinaman Thin Heenko is to be freed from his
bonds, and allowed to earn his living at the Cape as a freeman. The
exiles going over now (names given) are to be treated according
to their sentences. A list is likewise annexed of the slaves sent
to the Cape to be sold and always kept there. Our requisition,
is for 60 or 70 lasts of good wheat. As we are ill supplied with
Surat and Bengal grain, we shall soon be in want. The wheat
must be new and fresh, the old and worm-eaten stuff only causes
heavy loss. For that reason the rest of the 63 lasts sent last year
was sold at a loss of 76f per cent. This amount has been written
off, but whether it will henceforth be convenient for the Company
in the interests of the Cape agriculturists to b :ar any more of such
losses, the Directors will be able to tell you . We at least do not think
so, and do not find any fairness in it to let the people here, only for
the sake of benefiting the Cape farmers, eat so much deurer and
worse bread than they can obtain elsewhere. You are therefore to
try, and obtain the 70 lasts at such lower rates, compared with the


1695. former prices, as can possibly be secured. It may be that the
wheat at the Cape will likewise be better preserved from destruc-
r(L tion in vaults there, than on lofts, as in Surat and Bengal where
it is customary to bury the wheat in pits underground. We
would therefore not think a trial made by you so strange as your
maintaining that the loss of f 3,2 18 on 34 lasts of wheat, has not
fairly been debited against you, b. cause the destruction of the grain
did not take place at the Cape. The charges, however, have been
Tnade not for that reason, but because much more was sent in than
we ordered. You will do well, according to promise, not to repeat
such shipments.

The news regarding the designs of the French compelled us to
be on our guard, and well armed everywhere with our ships. The
consequence has been that the return fleet could only leave on the
4th February, consisting of 11 ships, under Commander Jan de
Wit. As the French may perhaps wait for it off the Cape, it will
proceed direct, and so will the " Eyckeleuburg " victualled for the
whole voyage.

In order not to leave you unprovided, the little fluit, the*
" Swaagh," is now despatched with supplies for the Cape and
Mauritius; her skipper is Jacob Joppe de Jonge, a man well
acquainted with the coast and harbours about the Cape. After
having discharged, she is at once to proceed to Mauritius, where
she is to take in the ebony that is ready for Holland.

The goods for the Cape left at Mauritius in 1694 by the
'' Standvastigheid," might be brought to you by the " Noordgouw,"
or a similar vessel ; but as this might be impossible we have
decided to advise Mauritius to use all perishable articles for them-
selves, and send the rest back to us."

Case of Grisella Mostaert, widow of the late Tobias Vlas-

vat, regarding her parents' will

List of goods shipped in the " Swaag " for the Cape, value

f 27,592 14-8., for Mauritius f5,876'12 (Signed)

W. van Outhoorn, Johan van Hoorn, &c.

No. 18, p. 633.]

Extract from the letter of the Seventeen dated 21st April, 1690,
regarding advances especially in subaltern Governments, and the
consequent loss to the Company. " All the Government officers
making such advances to be charged with them, and moreover to
be punished either by suspension, dismissal, or as the case may
require it." The letter continues, "The ex-Fisca! of India,
advocate Gualter Zeeman, was found credited on his return home
with f3,749, for fines inflicted on certain persons. These amounts
were paid to him between 1678 and 1 688, or f2,708 for persons
who had died and were unable to pay, and fl,041 for persons

already in debt to the company, though still alive. Deducting the 1696.
amount still due to him for salary, the Company would lose
3,549. There is no reason why fines should be paid to fiscals,
often large sums unless the condemned have the amount to their
credit in the Company's books ; for if they die, or run away, the
Company loses the amount, and pays out of its own funds for the
crimes of others. This matter is therefore to be satisfactorily
explained to us, and the fiscals shall henceforth have a doable
column in the books, the one referring to their ordinary salaries,
and the other to the fines. On the latter no payment shall be made
in India, but what they have to their credit will be paid to them
here to their agents, or in India with our permission, that inquiry
may first be made whether people fined, have anything to their
credit, that payment may be made from such amounts. In that
way the Company will be saved from loss.''

No. 19, p. 645.]

Extract from the resolutions oi the Batavia Council, dated
14th January, 1689, 28th January, 1689, and 14th June, 1694.

Contents based on the preceding extracts from despatch of
the Seventeen.

No. 20, p. 653.]

Extract from Resolutions of the Batavia Council dated 5th
August, 1695.

"Governor van der Stel and Council ordered to provide paper for
the skippers nnd bookkeepers, if required, in order to enable the
latter to make triplicates of their ships books, &c."

No. 21, p. 1. From Colombo.]

" Received your letters of 16th September last, with copies of uth January,
those of 17th July, sent by the " Tamboer," via Malabar, where
said vessel obtained 41 Caffir slaves. The papers referring to this
trade, and the journal of the Commissioner Johan Swellengrebel,
we have enclosed for Holland, and we refer you to them for your

further information "We thank you for the garden

.seeds Our requisition for 1696 is annexed. From

Gralle you will receive the list of articles sent by us to you. The
Sjogy who in 1693 represented himself as the brother of the King
of Candia, in the kingdom of Jaffanapatnam, being able to main-
tain himself at the Cape without the Company's support, you may
allow to go about everywhere to earn his living, but should


1695. he be unable to do so, you may give him something for h ; s support,

~ but not keep him in bonds, or let him work as a convict, as our

object in banishing him was merely to prevent the trouble and

inconvenience which his stay here would cause. For that reason

the Company would be prepared to pay his expenses."

(Ships affairs, particulars about the Ceylon squadron and its cargo. )
" Since the departure of the Mahometan priest Sheik Joseph, we
received for him three parcels sent with these ships, and which are
to be delivered to him. The Persian asses will be sent next year,

the time now being too short to get them."

Extract fr<-m minutes of the Batavia Court of Justice, dated
26th August, 1695.

No. 21, p. 057.]

23rd August. Case against Lamotius. Steen, and Ovaar of Mauritius.

Herman van Kleuck, as public prosecutor, charged the accused
on the 28th November, 1693, as follows:

1. That Isaac Job: Lamotius, defendant, and chief (of the
island Mauritius) with his Council, had lived scandalous and
dissipated lives, resulting in quarrels, and especially that defendart
in April 1689 had wounded the " secunde " Abraham Steen so
severely with a knife, that the latter nearly bled to death.

That Abraham Steeu (second defendant did not hesitate publicly
to cohabit with female slaves criminally punished.

2. That the three defendants had most cruelly, and tyrannically
treated the ex- Lieutenant Jan Baptiste Dubertin, and his wife
Aletta Uyttenboogaert, Lamotius having by means of presents
and civil treatment endeavoured to seduce the said Alelta, &c., to
do what is improper for married women ; but failing in his purpose,
his civilities were turned into fury, and he even adopted the most
unheard of means to persecute her and her husband.

That he did not hesitate to accuse Dubertin as a disturber of the
public peace, and the creator of sedition, and had him apprehended,
even without an indictment, in an outrageous manner, using for
the purpose as his tool Abraham Steen, who carried out his orders

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