Cecil George Savile Foljambe Liverpool.

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Commissioners under Sir John Scudamore for Hereford and Salop to ascertain
particulars as to Ecclesiastical Vestments and Ornaments.

As a Commissioner of the Peace in 1543-4 he was very active in mustering
men for the rearguard of the army in France. In the hamlets of Ashton and
Moreton he raised 27 men. Mr. Gairdner gives a letter from George Cornewall
to his servant, Richard Capull, commanding him on pain of death to prepare his
men to be at London so as to be at Dover by the last day of May (1544). He
shall make the tenants find horses to bring them to London, where at Lady
Bruggys he will find his brother, etc.

In 1558-9 he served as High Sheriff of Herefordshire. His will, dated March,
1562-3, was proved Oct. 8, 1563. He married Mary, daughter of John A' Bruges,
or Brydges, daughter of the first Lord Chandos of Sudely, who was buried at
Eye, Dec. 18, 1616. M.I.

* Richard Lee and George Cornewall laid an information against the Secretary of the Bishop
of Chester, presumably for concealing ecclesiastical ornaments. At the meeting of the Privy Council
in 1541, Richard Germyn, the above Secretary, appeared and confessed the things deposed, but as
they appeared of no such importance as was thought, he was remanded. It was possibly owing to
his association with Lee and his zeal for the new learning that Sir George owed his appointment under
Scudamore. That he must have been an active partisan would seem certain from the following
grant dated July 8, 32, Hen. VIIL : "George Cornewall, Lease (i) the site of the late Priory of
Leominster, late in the tenure of Ric Apryce, and (2) two meadows called Somergilds. (3) the orchard
of the late Prior and a pasture beyond the walls of Pyningsley, %vith a garden called Horswall, and
fishery within the pale of the same, late in the occupation of Will Cocks, in the Manor of Ivi;igton.
All which premises are in Co. Hereford, and are parcel of the lands of the late Monastery of
Readyng, Berks, in the King's hands by the attainder of Hugh the late Abbot, with reservations
for 21 year rents (i) 29.S., (2), £4, (3), 43s. 4d.


This marriage ended unhappily. To arrive at the truth when the husband
is jealous and the wife shows incompatibility of temper cannot be easy, especially
when we find ourselves confronted with discrepancies. According to Dr. Nash,
the historian of Worcestershire, whom Dr. Marshall follows, Thomas Meysey of
Shakenhurst had a natural son, Humphry, begotten on the body of Dame Mary,
wife of Sir George Cornewall of Berrington, Co. Hereford, Knight. Thomas,
Duke of Norfolk, Earl Marshal, on the complaint of John Nanfan of Birtsmorton,
alleged heir at law to Sir George, commanded the Heralds to make proclamation
of the birth of Humphry at the Visitations of Herefordshire and Worcestershire,
1569. Nash, however, omits to mention that two subsequent Inquisitions
proved the legitimacy of the said Humphry, who remained in undisturbed
possession of Berrington. Sir George, nevertheless, bequeathed Thonock and
his other Lincohishire estates to his cousin William Nanfan, or Nanphan, whose
son, Giles, was found by Commissioners appointed to make a survey of the
estates of the Duchy of Lancaster to hold the Barony of Thonock under the Queen
by military service ; item, that he also held the Manors of Laughton, called
respectively the East and West Hall (Moor's Gainsburgh). About that date
Giles Nanfan ahened the Lincolnshire estate partly to the Towers family and
partly, so Camden affirmed, to Justice Wraye. This, however, refers to
Laughton only.

With regard to this bald accusation of Nash, we may fairly contrast it with
the careful vindication of the legitimacy of Humphry Cornewall by Sir Harris
Nicholas in his learned Treatise on Adulterine Bastardy. He commences by
stating the common law principle, that marriage gives proof of paternity — pater
est quern nuptioe demonstra)it~a.nd then proceeds as follows : " Sir George Corne-
wall of Berrington in Herefordshire married in 1543, Mary, daughter of John
Lord Chandos, but she is supposed to have afterwards cohabited with a gentleman
of the name of Meysey (So. of Shakenhurst) and to have had a son by him called
Humphry. Sir George Cornewall made his will Octr. 8, 1562, by which he gave
his wife £40 a year out of the Manor of Berrington, if she consented to remit, and
not pretend to any right to dower in his other lands. She is not again mentioned
in that will, but as the Exors. refused to act, she obtained letters of administration
in March, 1562-3. The testator bequeathed all his lands in the counties of Here-
ford and Lincoln to his cousin, William Nanfan, Esqre., and the heirs male of his
body, with remainder, in default of such heirs male, to the Queen and her heirs
and successors. He also left legacies to his relation, William Cornewall, and to


Eleanor Blunt (Blount), his base sister, to many of his servants, and to several
other persons, but he did not take the slightest notice of any child of his own.
William Nanfan, to whom he gave his lands, was the eldest son of his father's
sister {i.e., Matilda, daughter of Sir Thomas Cornewall), and if the testator had
no issue was his heir at law. (This is an assumption ; the wUl of Sir Thomas and
the Visitation of Herefordshire, 1569, shew that one at least of the two other
daughters married and had issue, viz., Elizabeth, wife of Barrowe, or Berrowe, of
BuUingham). Sir George Cornewall died in October or November, 1562, and,
according to the Heralds' Visitation of Worcestershire, 1569, without issue. On
the 30th of November following an Inquisition was taken at Llansyllyn in Wales,
by which it was found that he was seized of Kenleigh, Reyngeld, and other
Manors in North Wales, with reversion to the Crown, and that he died
without issue male, and that the said Manors reverted to the Crown.
Another Inquisition was taken at Horncastle in Lincolnshire respecting the
lands which he possessed in that county on March 15, 1563, about two months
after the first Inquisition. The Jury found that he was seized under certain
deeds executed on Oct. 10, 1562 (two days after the date of his will) of
various Manors for life, with remainder to William Nanfan and the heirs
male of his body, remainder to the Queen and her heirs, and that Humphry
Cornewall was his son and heir, and of the age of 12 years. This Humphry bore
the name and arms of Cornewall, and by that name was Sheriff of Herefordshire,
9 Jac. I. Lady Cornewall married as her second husband Francis Lovel, Esq., and
died Nov. 15, 1606. By an Inquisition held at Leominster, Oct. 3, 1607, Humphry
Cornewall, aUas Meysey, was found to be her son and heir, and then 48 years of
age. The legitimacy of the said Humphry, thus recognised by two Inquisitions,
though contradictory to a prior Inquisition, and opposed by the non-recognition
of his father and by the settlement of property on a cousin, was never successfully
impeached, and his descendants have always borne the name and arms of Corne-

Presumptive evidence of a remarkable kind exists to show that Humphry
Cornewall was considered to have established his legitimacy. In the original
Heralds' Visitation of Worcestershire, made 1634, a pedigree was made signed
by a son of that person ; and, as it was first written, Humphry was connected
with Sir George Cornewall by a wavy line of fiUation, which is the usual mark of
illegitimacy, but the wavy line was afterwards converted into a straight line, the
mark of legitimacy, and though some words were appended to his name, of


which " son of Sir George " only is now legible, the fiUation Une and the writing
have both been covered with pieces of paper, as if it were wished to obliterate all
indications of the first statements, and upon the paper thus pasted over them
Humphry is connected with Sir George CornewaU by the straight filiation line
of legitimacy.*

These facts prove that although Humphry was, in the first instance, recorded
by the Heralds as a bastard, they were afterwards convinced, and probably by
some decision in a Court of Law, that he was de jure legitimate.

Nothing can be added to this singularly lucid statement on the part of a
great genealogist and jurist. Nanfan, the calumniator, was an interested
person, and Lady CornewaU's second marriage, not with her falsely alleged
paramour, Meysey, but with Francis Lovel, affords indirect evidence of her
innocence. Moreover, in proclaiming Humphry bastard, the Heralds acted
ultra vires. They took upon themselves to usurp the province of a Court
of Law.

Judge Bayley, who had evidently perused Sir Harris Nicholas' able vindica-
tion, none the less fell into the error of constituting John, the father of William
Nanfan, brother-in-law of Sir George Cornewall. Had he been so, then WilUam
would have been nephew, not cousin. Apart from that. Sir Harris Nicholas has
drawn up the descent accurately, whence it seems evident that William Nanfan
could only have claimed to be heir under the will, or as eldest son of the senior
co-heiress. The Nanfans, a Cornish family, acquired Birtsmorton by marriage.
That ancient house had other and more fragrant memories, being associated
with the sufferings of Sir John Oldcastle and later in our history as a refuge for
persecuted Papists. The following shows the descent of the Bruges, or Brydges,
or A'Bridges family, whose exquisite half-timbered Manor house, The Ley, at
Weobley, has survived the short-lived splendours of Cannons.

Sir Simon Bruges,=Mary, heiress of the family of Solers of Solers, co. Hereford probably
Temp. H 3 | Henry de Solers, Sheriff of Herefordshire, 19 Ed. I.

John Bruges, son and heir=SARAH . . .
of Bruge Solers, co. Hereford |


* Mr. William Courthope, writing from the Heralds College to Sir Harris Nicholas, 5th
November, 1834, after verifying the latter's statement, adds : " It seems more probable that his,
Humphry CornewaU's, legitimacy was establislied by the Visiting Heralds, i.e., of 1634. He states
further in this letter that Mr. Puiman, an officer of the College, who so successfully demoUshed the
claims of the spurious Reade baronet, fully concurred.



Sir Baldwin Bruges, son and heir=IsABEi., daughter of Sir Piers Grandison.

Sir Thomas Bruges, son and heir=AncE, daughter and co-heir of Sir Thos. Berkeley and
seated at Cobberley, co. Glou. I Ehzabeth, elder sister and co-heir of Sir John

I Chandos, Lord Chandos, K.G.

Sir Giles Bruges, son and heir=CATHERiNE, daughter of James Clifford, of Frampton,
Sheriff of Gloucester 1430 and I co. Gloucester.

1454, knighted by Edw. 4, d. 1466 I

Thomas Bruges, only son= Florence, daughter of Wm. Darrel, of Littlecote, co. Wilts.

Sir Giles Bruges, son and heir=IsABEL, daughter of Thomas Baynham.
Knighted at Battle of Blackheath, I
17th July, 12 H 7; Sheriff Glou-
cester shire 14 99 ; d. 1511 .

Sir John Bruges, son and heir=ELizAEETH, daughter of Edmund, gth Lord Grey of Wilton, by

Knighted at Battle of the Spurs
5 H 8 ; Knight of the King's
Body 1533 ; Constable of Sudeley
Castle 1538 ; created Baron
Chandos of Sudeley 8th April,
1554 ; d. 4th March, 1557, buried
at Sudeley.

Florence, daughter and co-heir of Sir Ralph Hastings
Kt. ; d. 1559.


Sir George Cornewall=Mary Bruges

of Berrington,
(d. 1562).

sister of Edmund,

Lord Chandos,

(d. 1606).


Six other

sons and



Edmund Bruges, = Dorothy
2nd Lord Chandos, I dau. of
made Knight Banneret i Edmund,
after the Battle of Mus- and sister and
selburgh, 27th Sept., co-heirof John,
I E. 6, mar. 1557, Lord Bray.
K.G. 17th Jan., 1572, I d. 1605.
d. 1573, buried at I
Sudeley. I

In the inquisition post mortem of Mary Bruges, widow of Sir George Corne-
wall, and wife of Francis Lovell, dated 1609 {vide Appendix), mention is made
of her daughter, Bridgett Cornewall, but her name is omitted from that of Sir
George Cornewall,* her reputed father. She may have been a posthumous

With respect to the sisters of Sir George, there exists some little doubt,
e.g. : Judge Bayley added to Joyce (i) Anne, whom he gave as wife of Thomas
Lee of Langley. (2) Matilda, wife of John Nanfan of Birtsmorton. (3) Elizabeth,
married to . . Jones of Wrexham. (4) Jane, wife of R. Barrowe of
BuUingham. In the Inquisition on Sir Richard 1533, only one daughter is men-
tioned, viz. : Joyce, then unmarried, who died s.p. Matilda and Jane have

* In the Court Roll of the Manor of Stepleton and Lugharnes, date March 31. 6 Elizabeth,
we find the following entry : " Obit Sir George Cornewall of Stannage." In the same Vol.
Humpiiry Cornewall held Stannage, 9 Car., i.


been shown to be the daughters of Sir Thomas Cornewall, i.e., of the previous
generation. Concerning Alianor, the third daughter of Sir Thomas,* who was
unmarried in 1500, there seems no doubt that she is the same as AHce, given
in the Visitation of 1623 — Salop — as wife of Fulc Lee of Langley.

This visitation supplies some dates, e.g., that Richard Lee of Langley,
who married Margaret Sprencheaux, was Sheriff of Salop, 1479, and that
his eldest son Richard was living in 1485. Fulc, the third son, by AUce or
AUanore Cornewall had a son Thomas, f who married Jane, daughter of Robert
Corbet of Moreton Corbet, Sheriff of Salop, 1501, whose sister Anne married
Sir Thomas Cornewall, Baron of Birrford. These dates, if placed in juxta-
position indicate, that AHce or Alianore, Cornewall was a daughter of Sir
Thomas, and sister of Sir Richard, Cornewall, of Berrington.

* The confusion of .\lianor and Alice is not very easy to account for : but that such confusion
of names was not uncommon may be inferred from the fact of .Agnes and .Annes, Annes and Anne,
having been almost convertible terms in the Middle Ages. Joyce would appear to be more likely
to be written AJice in error ; but, if Joyce had been wife of Thomas Lee, and the mother cf his
children, she or her children would have been Sir George's heirs in priority to the Nanfans, who
were of the previous generation ; whereas it was the Nanfans, who asserting the bastardy of Humphry,
obtained the Earl Marshal's proclamation, and so worked upon Sir George as to obtain a will m
favour of WiUiam Nanfan. On all grounds, therefore, we are justified in giving Fulc Lee as
husband of Alianor Cornewall — though whether she was his first wife seems open to doubt. Vide
a deed printed in the Harl. Soc, Visitation of Salop, 1623, of the reign of Edw. IV., wherein Fulc's
wife is styled Elizabeth, i.e., Elizabeth Leightou, his alleged second wife.
•f Bank's Baronia gives in part the following descent : —
Alice Cornewall=Fulc, son of Thomas Lee of Langley.
(i.e. Alianore) |

Thomas Lee=Jane, daughter of Sir Robert Corbet.

Jane Lee=Edvvard Giffard, of White Ladies.

Jane Giffard=Humphry Sandford, of the Isle of Rossal.

Matthew Sandford=Mary . . .

Humphry Sandford=Elizabeth Evans.

Humphry Sandford= Rebecca, daughter of J.Walker, of Ferney. by Rebecca, da ighter
I of Lord Folliott, J. Walker's mother, Mary, being a daughter of
I Sir H. Herbert.

Mary Sandford=Jon.\than Scott, of Charlton Hall, Salop.

Major Scott, M.P., who assumed the name of Waring=EuzABETH Blackrie.
Anna M. Scott=John Reade, of Ipsden, Oxon.


Humphry Cornewall, son of Sir George by Mary Bruges, was stated in the
Inq. p. mortem held at Leominster in 1563, after his father's death, to be 12
years of age, and by the Inquisition on his mother in 1606 to be 48. These
figures, it will be remarked, do not correspond, because had he been born in 1550,
he would have been in 1606, 56. He served as Sheriff of Herefordshire 1611-12,
and was buried at Eye, May 30, 1633. His will is dated May 23, in the same
year. Therein he gives to his son, James, 20 nobles a year, a reserved rent to
his grandchild, Elizabeth, daughter of his son John. To his daughter, Elizabeth,
his lands in Stanage, Radnor. To his son and heir, John, his furniture, but not
to liis wife, Mary, in the event of her surviving him. His wife, Elizabeth, and
his son, James, joint exors. [For the full text of this will, see Appendix.] He
married Ehzabeth, daughter of John Bradshaw of Presteign. She survived her
husband three years, being buried at Eye, April 4, 1636.

By her he had John, his successor, Humphry, Francis, James, with three
daughters, Anne, Mary, Ehzabeth. The Bradshaws were of Bradshaw Hall,
Derbyshire, a junior branch setthng at Presteign, e.g.,

John Bradshaw=Cicely, daughter of Thomas Foljambe. of Waltoa, co. Derby, by
of Bradshaw I Margaret, co-heiress of Sir Joha Loudham, by Isabel, sole heir of
I Sir Robert Brito.


John Bradshaw= . . . Wih.iam=A daughter of Kyrke.
I eldest son I

A I .


John Bradshaw = Daughter of William Garret. Henry Bradshaw= . . .

of Presteign I of Bradshaw.




of Presteign born 1561.

Thomas Entered at

Lincoln College.

William Oxford, 15S0.

Of the issue of Humphry Cornewall by Ehzabeth Bradshaw : — Humphry
of Moreton, in the Parish of Eye, the 2nd son (buried there April 11, 1670), by
Anne his wife (buried at Eye Aug. 31, 1658), had the following issue, all baptised
at Eye :

(i) Thomas — Nov. 18, 1632.

(2) John — ^Nov. I, 1635.

(3) Charles — March 30, 1643.

(4) Arnold — May 15, 1645.
(i) Ehzabeth — July 17, 1631.


Concerning this family we iiave no information. They do not appear to have
remained in the county.

The third son of Humphry Cornewall by Ehzabeth Bradshaw was Francis.
He was Uving in 1646, and was buried at Ludlow, Dec. 27, 1673. The Gentle-
man's Magazine, 1823, contains " Owen's Account of Wales, 1602," wherein is :
" Radnorshire— Generosi : mansions : uxores ; Francis Cornwall ; Hanage ; Fil.
John Bradshaw." But this must be in error for Humphry. The fourth son,
James, was living in 1646, and buried at Eye, October 20, 1652. By a wife
unknown he left a daughter (Judge Bayley's pedigree). Of the daughters of
Humphry Cornewall by Ehzabeth Bradshaw, Anne, the elder, married at Eye,
April 22, 1617, John Davyes of Lymebroke, gentleman ; Mary, the second
daughter, is said to have married Richard Blunden of Bishop's Castle ; and the
third, Elizabeth, was buried at Eye, April 4, 1636. Her will, dated March 24,
1635. was proved at Hereford, 1636.

Their eldest brother, John Cornewall of Berrington, married Mary, daughter
of WiUiam Barneby of the Hull, or HiU, in Bockleton, Worcestershire. This
lady's brother, John Barneby of the HiU, baptised March gth, 1595, married
Jan. 27, 1607, Katherine, eldest daughter of Sir Thomas Cornewall, Baron of
Burford, by which aUiances the two lines of Cornewalls were connected. The
Cornewall connection with Barneby stands therefore thus : —

William Barneby=Bridget Tovey ^

John Barneby, of the HiU=KATHERiNE, d. of Sir Thomas Cornewall

John Cornewall=Mary Barneby
I of Berrington |

Sir John Barneby
of The Hill

Humphry=Theophila Skynner

By Mary Barneby (buried at Eye, April 6, 1634) John Cornewall (buried at
Eye, Nov. 29, 1645) had seven sons and four daughters. Of these Coningsby,
the second son, was baptised at Eye, 1620 ; Edward, the third son, became jure
uxoris seized of Moccas, and wiU be treated accordingly in the Chapter on the
Moccas line ; Gilbert, the fourth son, so named after his mother's brother-in-
law. Sir Gilbert Cornewall, Baron of Burford, was buried April 16, 1684 ; George
was the 5th son ; Thomas the sixth ; John the seventh. Of the two elder


daughters, Mary and Catherine, nothing is known ; Anne, the third daughter,
was baptised at Eye, Feb. 17, 1618, and buried there June 2, 1621 ; and Elizabeth,
the youngest daughter, married VVUham Geerse of the City of Worcester — pos-
sibly a relation of that distinguished family, Geers of the Marsh (more anciently
" Marche, " i.e., the boundary created by Offa's Dyke). The will of John
Comewall, of Berrington, was dated Nov. 13, 1645. To his daughters, Mary and
EUzabeth, £100 each. To his wife £40. Son John £5. Son Humphry, exor.
Proved in London, July 16, 1647. [See Appendix.]

The eldest son, Humphry Cornwall of Berrington, was baptised at Eye, July
14, 1616. According to WUliams — " Herefordshire members " — on Oct. 20, 1646,
he compounded for delinquency in the previous August. Being in arms in liis
own defence against the King's soldiers. Sir Barnabas Scudamore, the Royalist
Governor of Hereford and Sheriff, summoned the posse comitatus to attend
him, and by colour thereof he drew them to Stoke Castle, a garrison for the
Parhament on the confines of the County, i July, 1647. Fine at one-tenth,
£222 ; 15 Dec, 1649, suspected of complicity in Sir George Booth's rising. A
Deputy Lieut, for Herefordshire, and as such wrote from Hereford, Jan. 26,
1664, to Thomas Price, one of the Members for the County in 1661, " Has
received the Lord Lieutenant's orders to levy the month's tax granted for
three years on account of the late plot. All are amazed, considering the
arrears of the county and extreme poverty. Mr. Scudamore has stolen away."
(Calendar of State Papers).

He represented the Borough of Leominster from 1661 to 1679 > ^^^ ^
pension of £200 granted him in 1677, and was made Captain in the Admiralty in
Sir Charles Lyttelton's regiment of foot, June 8, 1672; e.g., "The Hatton corres
pondence," pubUshed by the Camden Society, p. 67. " Sir Charles Lyttelton to
Christopher, Viscount Hatton — The Duke of York lost four of his Captains in
the battle with the Dutch Fleet, May 28, 1672 — I mean of his own regiment —
and has put in their places Mr. Bagot, Lady Fahnouth's brother, my brother,
George Vaughan, Lieutenant, old Humphry Cornewall of the House of Commons,
and Mr. Churchill that was ensign to the King's Company {i.e., the great Duke
of Marlborough.") Judge Bayley identified this Humphry with his third son,
also Humphry, but apparently in error.

He married TheophUa, eldest daughter of WiUiam Skynner of Thornton (or
Thomcomb) College, Lincoln — by Bridget, daughter of Chief Justice Sir Edward
Coke — who was baptised at Thornton Curtis, June 5, 1622.


Thornton Abbey at the Dissolution of the Monasteries was converted tem-
porarily into a College by Hen. VIII. Later the College was suppressed, becoming
the property of the Tyrwhitts of Kettilby, from whom it was purchased by Sir
Vincent Skynner, described as of Westminster. A descendant of his, Edward
Skynner, sold it to the Sutton family. Baronets. The following shows the
Skynner descent : —


buried at AUhallow's Church, I buried in SpUsby Church, Co. Line.
Waynfleet, Co. Line. I

Robert Skynner=Aiice, executrix of her husband's will, 1536,
of St. John, in Wykeford, in with her sons John and Richard,
the City of Lincoln, born at
Thorpe in the Marsh, Co.
Line. Will dated 2 J any.,
1535 pr- Line. 24 May, 1536,
buried St. John's Oxford.

John Skynner=Elizabeth Fairfax, daughter of John Fairfax, of

had lands in Thorpe in the
Marsh and Waynfleet by his
father's will, date 1535.
("when at lawful age,") was
of the City of Line, mer-
chant, at the date of his will
30 Sept., 1545. Died II Oct.,
1545. luq. p.m. 4 May,

Sir Vincent Skynner:
of Thornton College, Co. Line,
which he purchased in 1602 from
the Tyrwhitts, eld. son, b. 1542,
aged 3 or moie. May, 1546, was
also of Bolingbroke, Co. Line.
M.P. for Barnstaple 1572, for
Boston 1584, again 1586, and a
3rd time 1588. for Borough-
bridge, Co. York, 1592-3, for St.
Ives, Co. Cornwall, 1597. Knighted
at Theobald's by Jas. L, 7 May,
1603, buried at St. Andrew's,
Holbom, 29 Feb., 1615-16.

Swaby, Co. Lincohi, who was a son of Sir
Thomas Fairfax and Elizabeth Sherburne.

Elizabeth Fowkes (2nd wife), daughter of Wm.
Fowkes, of Enfield, Co. Middlesex (son of
Robert Fowkes, of the same), and widow of
Henry Middlemore, of Enfield, Groom of the Privy
Chamber to Queen Elizabeth, buried at Thornton
Curtis, Co. Line., 16 Dec., 1633.

William Skynner, of Thornton=BRiDGET Coke, 2nd dr. of Sir Edward Coke, Lord Chief

Coll., Co. Line, Esq., only son, and j
heir, born 1595, Adin. Line, born 6
Nov., 16x3, died 7 August, buried at 1
Thornton Curtis, 8 August, 1627, [
aged 32. M.P. for Great Grimsby [

Anne, d. of Sir Wm.=EDWARD Skynner ;
Wentworth, brother to I sold Thornton C.
the Earl of Strafford. | to Sir R. Sutton.