Cecil George Savile Foljambe Liverpool.

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preacher. There are monuments at Hanbury to Thomas Vernon, who died Dec.


g, 1771, aged 48, and to his wife, Emma Cornewall, who died in 1777 — [see Nash's

The next daughter of Charles and Dorothy Cornewall was Edith, who was
baptised June 15, 1712, and was buried at Eye, June 20. Annabella, the youngest
daughter but one was baptised at Eye, Dec. 15, 1713. Her will was dated Dec.
II, 1782. The youngest daughter, Mary, was baptised at Eye, Oct. 10, 1714,
and was unmarried in 1745.

Of this large family, Robert, by the decease of his two elder brothers, became
senior and heir. He was baptised at Eye, April 21, 1700, and djnng s.p. was
buried at Eye, April 17, 1756. He resumed the prefix " De," which had fallen
into desuetude since Sir Louis de Cornewall, and was created a Baronet by George
II., but died before the Patent was signed. Sir Robert De Cornewall was
appointed Provincial Grand Master of the Freemasons of the Western Shires,
1753. by the Earl of Carysfort. High Sheriff of Radnor, 1738, defeated at
Leominster in 1734 and again in 1742, but represented the Borough in the
Whig interest, 1747-54. In the latter year defeated at Bishop's Castle, and died
April 4, 1756, having foretold his own death.

The Gentleman' s Magazine wrote : It is remarkable that a few days before
this gentleman's illness he foretold that he should soon be taken ill, and that his
cousin General Henry Cornewall and another would also be taken iU at the same
time, and that they should die within a short space of each other. The General
was accordingly taken ill as Sir Robert had predicted, and not knowing what he
had said concerning their illness and death, told his friends to the same purport.
The two cousins died within a few minutes of one another, and their friend who
was taken ill about the same time recovered.

His will, wherein he was described as Sir Robert De Cornwall of Berrington
Castle, Co. Hereford, Baronet, was dated April 8, 1756, and proved April 22, by
Charles W. Cornewall, his nephew, sole legatee, and Exor.,who, as has been stated,
aliened Berrington. Apparently the only representatives in the male line of the
senior Une of Cornewalls are first, the sole male survivor of the Delbury hue,
whereof more in a future chapter, and next the descendants, if any, of Humphry
Cornewall of Moreton. In the female line the Cornewalls of Berrington are
represented by (i) Rev. Sir George Cornewall, Bart., of Moccas ; (2) by the Earl
of Liverpool.


Chapter V.


Edward Cornewall=Frances, d. of Sir Walter Pye, and widow of
3rd son of John ComewaU, I Henry Vaughan (1621-1701).

of Berrington (1621-1708). |


{d. 1 692)

M. L. Huyssen=Henry=Susanna, d. of Frances=:W. Lingen. Mary=G. Nicholetts
Sir J. Williams s.p. (d. 1702). (d. legr),

Henry, M.P.


William Henry
(b. and d. 1687-8)

(2nd) (ist) I (3rd 1 I

Jane, d-of=JUDiTH,d.=VELTERS,M.P.— Catherine, d. of Captain James Mary=Hon. James

E. Bray, of Sir H. (d. 1768) | W. Hanbury(d. (1698-1743) | Berkeley

s.p. PoweU 1777) s.p. yw


Frederick Henry Catherine— Sir George Amyand, Bart,

(b. and d. 1749) (1752-1835)

EDWARD, third son of John Cornewall of Berrington and Mary Bameby, was
baptised at Eye, December 3rd, 1621. In his early manhood he took part
in the civil war on the side of the King, and apparently in opposition to his elder
brother. For this he was fined £5, with the loss of his charger and arms, in 1645 —
Webb's History of the Civil War — and it was o\ving to this incident that the
Cornewalls of Berrington were ranked among the supporters of the Crown. This
— vide previous chapter — would seem to be erroneous. It was owing to his
CavaUer quaUty that he won — under romantic circumstances — the hand and
heart of Frances, daughter of Sir Walter Pye of the Mynde, and widow of Henry
Vaughan of Moccas, who was baptised at Much Dewchurch, December 9th, 1621,
and married Henry Vaughan of Moccas, her first husband, May 20th, 1635. Left
a widow with one son, she married Edward Cornewall, 1650- 1, and was buried
at Moccas, September 8th, 1701. M.I.

A very vivid account of the imbroglio which led up, first to his capture
as a common poacher, and next to his singular good fortune in gaining the
possession of a splendid demesne, was written by Mr. H. F. J. Vaughan, S.C.L.
of Ch. Ch., O-xford, for " Memorials of Old Herefordshire," being part of an
able genealogical paper on the Vaughan family. This is too long for quotation,
and we therefore append the version given by Robinson in his " Castles of
Herefordshire " : —


" Tradition affirms that it — the Manor of Moccas — went from them — the
Vaughans — in the following manner. Henry Vaughan of Moccas married at
Much Dewchurch, in 1635, Frances, one of the daughters of Sir Walter Pye.
She was left a widow, and continuing to reside at Moccas with her son, Roger,
found a second husband in a young man who was caught hunting deer in the
park. The story goes that she was so much struck with the prisoner's appear-
ance that she not only forgave the offence, but permitted him to condone it by
marriage with herself — a result which is rendered less surprising by the fact that
the poacher was a cadet of the ancient family of Cornewall of Berrington, and
may not improbably have intended his shaft for nobler game than ranged in
the park. Her son by the second marriage not only succeeded to Moccas, but
acquired the rest of the Vaughan property."

The subjoined letter is from the muniments of the Duke of Portland at
Welbeck Abbey:

To Sir Edward Harley, K.B.

[who was elected M.P. for Hereford County, 8 Feb. 169I]
Deare S'

Not hearing any thing from y" since the death of that uncertane man, S'
John Morgan, I have taken the fredom to give y" the truble of these lines, which
I hope will find y" and y"" well. I desii^e to know whether y" have any thoughts
to stand for Knight of the shere, if y" have, let me receve to lines from y", that
I may lose noe time in serving y", if y" doe resolve to try y'' mungrell Gent, of
this county once more, then I tliinck it will be very proper for me and my
nephew Robin Cornewall to wait on y" suddenly, if y" pies to name the day the
next weeck, and give Robin Cornewall notis hee will not faile to wait on y" who is

Y°' faithfull kinsman and servant
Mockos Edw : Cornewall.

January the 14
Edward Cornewall died January 5, 1708-9, and was buried at Moccas. The
following is the inscription on his monument : —


Lyeth ye body of

Edward Cornewall,

Esq., of the family

from Berrington,

who departed this

Life the fifth Day of

January, Anno Domini. 1708.

Aged 95.


Edward Comewall had by Frances Vaughan : (i) Henry, his heir, of
whom presently ; (2) Edward, buried at Kyre, September ist, 1663 ; (3)
Frances, who married WilUam Lingen of Presteign, in 1695, and died s.p. ;
(4) Mary, born in 1668, and buried in Hereford Cathedral, May 20th, 1702.
She married Guilbert Nickoletts of the Hill in Bockleton, Worcestershire, and
of Hopton Sollars, Herefordsliire. He died July 4th, 1694, and was buried at
Carfax Church in the City of Oxford.

The eldest surviving son, Henry, was born about 1655. We avail ourselves
again of Robinson's " Castles of Herefordshire," which gives a brief account
of his career, e.g. : —

" At the restoration, Henry, son of Edward Comewall of Moccas — the
husband of Mrs. Vaughan — was made page of honour to the Duke of York. He
was not 14 when he went on board the same ship with H.R.H. to Holland,
where he formed an acquaintance (this refers to Henry Cornewall's first wife,
Margarita Laurentia Huyssen of Middelburgh in Zeeland) which in process of time
enabled him to purchase Bredwardine, adding the Weston to it ; and his mother
lived to see a son by a second husband in possession of a better estate than her
eldest son had squandered in drunkenness. — Vide a letter addressed to Catharine,
daughter of Velters Comewall, M.P., in the possession of Rev. Sir George Come-
wall, Bart."

The charge of inebriety here hurled at Roger Vaughan, Mrs. Edward Corne-
wall's son by her first husband, may be largely discounted by a not indistinguished
career, thus summarised by Mr. Williams in his " Herefordshire Members " : —

" Roger Vaughan represented the City of Hereford in 1662. He was the
eldest son of Henry Vaughan of Bredwardine and Moccas, and married (i) Anne,
daughter of Thomas, Lord Arundel, with a dower of £4,000, whereof two-thirds
were sequestered for recusancy. That was in 1652. In 1657 he married (2)
Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Tompkins, M.P. for Weobley, 1640, and sold her
property in Weobley to Col. Birch. He represented the city until his death in
1673, holding a Captain's Commission in the Admiralty Regiment, and serving
as High Sheriff of the county in 1636."

The following, also from Williams's " Herefordshire Members," gives a
fuller account of Col. Henry Cornewall's career, e.g. : —


" Henry Cornevvall of Bredvvardine Castle, only son of Edward C. of Moccas,
b. 1653 (this is wrong ; he was bom circa 1655) was Page of Honour to the Duke
of York, appointed Ensign in Captain John Churchill's (the great Duke of Marl-
borough) Company of the Admiralty Regiment (Col. Sir Charles Lyttelton's),
June loth, 1672 ; Captain in ' Oin- Holland ' Regiment, Jan. ist, 1677 ; Captain-
Lieut, in the Earl of Oxford's Regiment, August 31st, 1682 ; and Captain in the
same Regiment, November, 1682 ; Captain-Lieut, in Lord Oxford's troop of the
Royal Regiment of Horse Guards, October, 1684 ; Captain of the same, November
24th, 1684 ; Captain of a Company in the above Horse Guards, February 19th,
1685 ; raised the gth, or Norfolk Regiment in Monmouth's rebellion ; Colonel
thereof, June 19th, 1685, but was superseded, November 20th, 1688 ; Master
of the Horse to the Princess of Orange until James H.'s abdication. Honour
forbade him drawing his sword against the King whose officer he had been, yet
personal interest drew him to the side of William of Orange, besides the large
possessions he held in Holland jure uxoris. He, therefore, withdrew from the
army, but took no part in the Revolution, and never after held a command in
the army or post in the Royal Household. He married (i) September, 1683,
Margarita Laurentia Huyssen of Middelburg in Zeeland, and (2) April 27th,
1695, was hcensed to marry Susanne, elder daughter and co-heir of Sir John
WUhams, Bart., of Pengethly. He was M.P. for Hereford, 1689-95,* for Here-
fordsliire in the Tory interest, 1698-1700 ; for Weobley, 1685-87 ; and January
to November, 1701 (when he failed and petitioned against his cousin Charles,
who was returned in the Whig interest), and again in 1702-8. He gave £10 to-
wards rebuilding Leominster Parish Church in 1700, and died February 22nd,
1717, xt. 63, being buried, February 28th, in Westminster Abbey. His will,
dated July, 1707, was proved March gth, 1717."

Dean Stanley, writing to Rev. A. P. Cornwall of Chichester, under date,
October i6th, 1879, states : " There are no inscriptions on the present grave-
stones of the Cornewalls, the whole Nave having been relaid in 1835 ; nor are
any records of such in the register ordered at that time to be kept of such in-
scriptions as remained on the old stones when removed. In Durst's " History
of Westminster Abbey," 1723, is the enclosed inscription, which at that time

* On June 26, 16S9, Edward Gwyn, the Whig Candidate, petitioned against the return of Henry
Cornewall. having been violently assaulted on the morning of the election, when several swords were
drawn against him. his voters and friends were threatened and discouraged by the Mayor and Town
Clerk (Mr. Gwyn's father) in favour of the Tory Candidate, threatening that they would ruin them
and make the town too hot to hold them. On Aug. 6, 1689, the House of Commons decided that
Henry Cornewall was duly elected.


was to be read on the grave of Henry Cornewall, i.e., 1716, February 28th,
" The Hon. Colonel Henry Cornewall in the South Aisle." To this the large
Register of Funerals adds : " Buried on Thursday, the 28th of February, 1716.
Died February 22nd, in the 64th year of his age."

The said enclosed inscription runs thus : " Here lyeth the body of Henry
Cornwall of Bredwardine Castle, in the County of Hereford, Esquire, whose
first wife was Margarita Laurentia Huyssen of Middleburg, in Zealand. By
whom he had issue Henry, his eldest son and heir, now living, and William
Henry, who died an infant. To his second wife he had Susanna, one of the
daughters of Sir John Williams, Bart., and by her left issue two sons, Velters
and James, and one daughter named Mary, married to the Honourable Henry
Berkeley, Esquire, Brother of the Right Honourable James, now Earle of Berke-
ley. He departed this life the 22nd day of February, 1716, in the 64th year
of his age."

Will of Henry Cornewall of Bredwardine (as dated July ist, 1707).
To be buried in the Churches of Moccas or Bredwardine, or in the S. Aisle of
Westminster Abbey, near unto where the arms of my family are set up and some
of my relations were formerly interred. Lands in Middlesex, Surrey, Hereford,
Radnor, Cardigan, and Carmarthen. Lands in the two latter came from
Susannah, his wife, on whom he settled Bredwardine, and to her issue. Devise
of lands in Bredwardine, Moccas, Wilmaston, Dawson, and Cusop, except Weston,
to Trustees for his son Velters in tail male. Remainder to liis son James in tail
male. Remainder to Henry Cornewall. Lands in Radnor to his father for
hfe, remainder to his son Henry. Lands in Wales to son James, remainder to
Henry, remainder to Velters. A charge of ;^2,ooo on the Manor of Weston for
his daughter Mary — remainder to Velters, remainder to James. Devises to his
father Manors of Thingen and Crosswell, Hereford, and lands in Builth, Radnor.
All jewels, plate, etc., to son Henry, he to be residuary Legatee. £40 to the
poor, etc. Proved March 9th, 1716.

The first wife of General Henry Cornewall was Margarita Laurentia Huyssen,
of Middelburgh in Zealand, Lady of Welden, whose great wealth enabled the
Cornewalls to obtain by purchase both Bredwardine and Moccas with the residue
of the Vaughan inheritance. She was daughter and heiress of Laurentius
Huyssen, Lord of Welden, by Clara, daughter of Abraham Velters, by Helena
De Haze. The father of the said Laurentius was Johann Huyssen, who married


Margarita, daughter of Johann de Knuyt, Verste Edele van Die Provincie van
Zeeland (by Cornelia Jenys,) whose father, Sir Johan Huyssen, President of
Zeeland, was knighted by James I., 1634, his father, Hugh, having been Pen-
sionary of Rotterdam. She was naturalised June 25th, 1685, having on the
previous June 14th received the sacrament in St. Paul's, Covent Garden [see
nth Report of the Historical MSS. Commission, Appendix 2, p. 320]. She
married General Henry Cornewall, October nth, 1683, and made a will on
October i6th of that year, which was proved in London, May 5th, 1692, she
having died on April 26th, of that year. She was buried in the Dutch Church,
Austin Friars. M.I.

" Appeared at The Hague before Adrian Van Storrwett, Notary, the Right
Noble Lady Margaret L. Huyssen, married to the High Noble-born Lord Henry
Cornewall, Captain under the King of G. Britain, Chief Stable-Master to Her
Highness the Princess of Orange. She revoked a will of July last, also a matri-
monial contract made at Middelburgh in September, 1683. In Ueu whereof in
case of her dying before her husband, the Lord Cornewall, by reason of her pure
love and affection she bears for him, he to be constituted her sole heir. [This
win is of great length, and by reason of tautological verbiage, almost unintelli-
gible. She confirmed it with the words — written in capitals — " Through the
mercy of Christ we have an entrance to Almighty God, Which Christ is the sole
true and complete satisfaction for the sins of men " — this apparently, according
to Dutch law, was then necessary for the will to be valid.] Date October i6th,
1683. Proved May 5th, 1692 [Fane 87.]

By her General Cornewall had (with Wilham Henry Cornewall, born January
4th, 1687-8, who died in the following April) Henry Cornewall, born June 12,
1685, Lieut. -General and M.P. for Hereford, 1747, in the \Vhig interest, having
previously, i.e., in 1741, been defeated. In 1711 he was Cornet in the Horse
Guards, and rose to be Lieut. -Col. of the Life Guards ; Col. of the 7th Marines
December, 1740 ; Brigadier General, November 8th, 1735 ; Major-General,
July 2nd, 1739 ; Lieut. -General, February, 1743 ; Governor of Londonderry
until his death, April, 1756. He is styled of Byfleet, Surrey, and never married.
His win, dated May 20th, 1755, was proved by Mary Cory, Executrix, AprU
12th, 1756. Therein he leaves £2,000 to Mr. Thomas Cornewall, Lieut., R.N. —
apparently identical with Mr. Thomas Cornewall, the illegitimate son of his
half-brother, Captain James Cornewall [vide infra]. Legacies to servants.
Genercd devise and residuary bequest to Mrs. Mary Cory, widow, " now


being in my house and called in my family by the name of Mrs. Mary
Rafter." His executrix paid £5 penalty to the poor of Byfleet for his not being
buried in Woollen, according to the statute.

Although following Judge Bayley, we treat the Thomas Cornewall, Lieut.
R.N., mentioned in General Henry Cornewall's will, as being identical with the
illegitimate son of Captain James Cornewall, it is only fair to add that of this
there is no proof, while according to tradition there was at this time a naval
officer of the same name who died in Westminster, and was ancestor of the
Cornwalls of Chelsea and Chichester.

We have already, on page 99, given details of the strange death of General
Henry Cornewall, which synchronised with that of his cousin. Sir Robert. It
may be added, that the third party in Sir Robert's prediction, who, as stated,
recovered, had not uttered any prediction. His name is not known.

The second wife of Henry Cornewall was Susanna, daughter and coheir of
Sir John Williams of Minster Court, in Thanet, and jure uxoris, of Pengethley.
Her father. Sir John Williams, was son of Sir Edmund Williams of Mamhull,
Bart., heir of his uncle, Sir John Williams of Minster. He married, April 30th,
1673, in Westminster Abbey, Susanna, daughter of Sir Thomas Skipwith of
Metheringham, Bart., and dying intestate left two daughters, viz., Mary, who
married (i) Charles Petty, Lord Shelburne, (2) Lieut. -General Henry Conyngham,
and (3) Col. Robert Dalway ; and Susanna, wife of Henry Cornewall. November
22nd, 1680, adminstration to the estate of Sir John Williams was granted to his
widow, Susanna. By her will, dated September 15th, 1689, she made her
daughters general legatees, and appointed her father, Sir Thomas Skipwith,
Sir John Bankes, Bart., and Martin Holies, Esq., executors during the minority
of her daughters. Will proved January 13th, 1689-70, by her father, and after-
wards, viz., January 7th, 1692-3, by her daughters, Mary, Lady Shelburne and
Susanna, then unmarried. On partition the Minster estate went to the Conyng-
hams, whose second title is Baron Minster (creation 182 1) and the Welsh estates
to Mrs. Cornewall.

Sir Edmund Williams of Marnhull, Dorset, first Baronet, by his will, dated
December 15th, 1643, directed that his Manor of Marnhull, Dorset, should be
sold, £6,000 to be paid to his widow, and the rest to his son John, if living ; if
not, to his brother. Sir John Williams. He mentioned Thomas and Carew
Williams and his sister Annie, wife of John Clarke, also his mother-in-law,


Elizabeth Lady Beaumont of Gracedieu. The Beaumonts descend from a
brother of St. Louis. He desired to be buried in St. Peter, Cheapside, a church
which was burnt in the fire of London. Judge Bayley suggests that, as they
bore the same arms, they may have sprung from the Williams family of Herring-
stone, Dorset.

The will of Susanna, Lady WUliams, led to much heart-burning. She
settled her considerable estates on her younger son, James, with remainder,
not to her elder son, Velters, but to his half-brother Henry [see his will supra,]
which, so Judge Bayley says, may be accounted for by the fact that the Moccas
estate was acquired by the fortune of Margarita Laurentia, Henry ComewaU's
first wife. This disposition of the lady's property was resented, and led to bad
feeling between the brothers in half blood [vide infra the will of Captain James
ComewaU]. The said elder of these sons, Velters — so named probabl}', as being
eventual heir of ilargherita Hu\'ssen's fortune — v.as born in 1697. He matri-
culated at Ch. Ch., Oxford, July 8th, 1714, entering at Lincoln's Inn in the same
year. He was elected in 1722 as member for Herefordshire, in the Tory, or
Country, interest, and continued to represent that constituency for 46 years,
being the idol of aU classes. It was said of him that he was one of those steady
patriots whom no promises, rewards, titles, or expectations could seduce from the
true interests of his country ; also that he lost a great estate by refusing to vote
with his brother James in Parliament — a statement that may be received with
some quahfication. He was a fluent and capable speaker in a House where gifts
of oratory were rare, and won the regard of the county by force of character and
sterhng honesty. It was, however, late in his long Parliamentary career that
he aroused an ebuUition of enthusiasm by his steady and successful opposition
to the tax on cyder and perry — an impost passionately opposed by the con-
stituencies of the West and South West of England. Mrs. Leather in a piquante
article on Herefordshire folk-lore, prints in extenso a " Song written on the
Repeal of the Cyder Tax," obtained by the strenuous exertions of Velters
ComewaU, who represented the county in seven successive ParHaments. After
apostrophising Rockingham and Pratt (Lord Camden), Pitt and DowdesweU,
as champions of Free Cyder, the local rh3rmer winds up with " We'U stretch our
throats stiU wider. Till all the Moccas HiUs shall echo back Old Cyder ! " She
mentions further that at the funeral of Velters Cornewall twelve women of the
county walked carrying apple boughs to show that Herefordshire was in mourn-
ing for its champion.


He was appointed a Trustee of the British Museum in 1768, and on June
6th, 1763, the High Sheriff, Gentlemen, Clergy, and Freeholders presented an
address to Mr. Cornewall and Sir John Morgan expressing warmest thanks for
their dihgence and steadiness in opposing the late tax on Cyder and Perry. On
the 25th of June following Mr. Velters Cornewall, on his way to take his seat in
the House, was met by a numerous body of horsemen, who accompanied him
from Moccas to Hereford, the cavalcade accompanying him as far as Ross. The
roads were everywhere lined with people, the bells rang, devices were set up,
and every demonstration of approbation and respect was shown to their worthy
old member.

The subjoined is from the muniments of the Duke of Portland at Welbeck
Abbey : —

[To Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford.']

Hereford, Monday Noon.

[i.e. March 20, 172J.]
My Lord,

The particularity of the occasion is the only e.xcuse I can presume to offer
to y' Lords'" for my Doing myself this very Great Honour, and I will rely so much
on y Lords" " Goodness and Condescension as to come directly to the Affairs, nor
trouble you with the Addition of one single Iota more by way of Proeamble,
nor had I presum'd to have paid my Duty any other way than in person to y'
Great Self had not the High Sheriff (before I had these thoughts) obliged me to
serve here as a Grand Juryman.

Your Lords" is sensible that a few days will determine who is to have the
Honour of being Elected as representative for the Borough of Leominster, and I
am told. My Lord, that the Noble Lord, y"^ son Declines it ; If so, I most
humbly offer myself as a most unworthy Candidate. His Grace of Chandois, I
have strong reason to think will favour me with his Interest. My Lord Duke
on Wednesday last in Townpromis't me more Friendship than I could expect or
meritt. I doe not mean as to this affair, for I beg leave to acquaint y Lord-
ship that it has not been in Embrio with me above an Hour, nor is it att present
a Chimoera of my own forming, it owes its birth to some of my own very good

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