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friends and y' Lords''* very humble servants. I have had too a short Interview
with some of the Gentlemen of that side the County, and I'm sure, my Lords,
there is no fault in our will though there may be an Errour in our Judgment.



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. IO9

I humbly submitt everything to y' Lordship and beg I may be Honour'd with
Leave to subscribe myself, My Lord, Your Lordship's most obedient, most
devoted humble serv*.

VELTERS CORNEWALL.
P.S. — I am wdth my Coz" Bridges, who desires his Duty. I shall write to
my Lord Duke Imed'ately.

[Lord Oxford's answer is dated March 2ist, 172?. He regrets that he has
promised his interest to Sir Archer Croft. He continues, " I have the greatest
respect for your Family, and should be glad of any opportunity to shew the
esteem for Your Person, wherewith I am s' yoiu most humble and obedient
servant and kinsman, Oxford."]

No doubt his manful exertions were the more appreciated because in 1763
he was far from robust. Thus, Berrow's Worcester Journal, September i8th,
1755 • " We hear that Velters Cornewall, Esqre., of Moccas, in the Co. of Hereford,
through his ill state of health, intends to dispose of all his valuable stud of horses,
mares, and foals. The sale begins on Octr. 13 next, and will continue one week,
and there are among his stud 30 or 40 horses that derive their pedigree from the
best stallions and mares that have been in this kingdom since the Restoration,
and from the Bierley Turk to the Godolphin Arabian."

Velters Cornewall married (i) Judith, daughter of Sir Herbert Powell of
Colebrook, Bart. Marriage License, April 22nd, 1722. By her he had a son
who died in infancy. She was a cousin in half blood, his mother's father. Sir
John WiUiams, having married, apparently as his second wife, Mary, heir of Sir
WiUiam Powell of Pengethley, in consequence of which alhance he represented
Herefordshire in 1701. In October, 1734, Velters Cornewall was licensed to
marry (2) Jane, daughter of Edmund Bray of Banington Court, Gloucestershire.
She died April loth, 1735, s.p. ; and (3) Catherine, the youngest daughter of
WiUiam Hanbury of B5rfieet, Surrey, and Little Marcle, Herefordshire, by whom
he had Frederick Henry, baptised at Moccas, October loth, 1749, who died in
infancy, and Catherine, baptised at Moccas, November 17th, 1752, who married
at St. George's, Hanover Square, July i8th, 1771, Sir George Amyand, Bart.,
who assumed the name and arms of Cornewall. Concerning Catherine, her
husband, and descendants, an account will be given in the chapter on the Corne-
wall Baronets. The full-length portrait of Velters Cornewall, by Gainsborough,
is in the new City Buildings at Hereford.



no THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL.

Velters Comewall, M.P., who died April 3rd, 1768, was buried in Hereford
Cathedral, wherein was erected a monument to his memorj', on the South wall
of the Nave. When the Cathedral was restored by Sir Gilbert Scott, R.A, Dr.
Dawes being Dean, this monument was removed to the Cathedral Cloister. It
bears the following inscription : —

To the Memory of Velters CornewaU, Esqr., of Moccas,

Who represented this County during Forty-six Years in

Seven successive Parliaments.

Encomiums upon the Dead are often the dictates of Flattery

to the living,

But the Faithful Friend who Inscribes this marble

(Though he cannot but Blame that Excess of Patriot Jealousy

which too Cautiously with-held the deceas'd from Engaging

in Emplo5mients of State)

Yet does Justice to those generous and unshaken Principles

which alone directed his conduct.

In opposing whatever seem'd to interfere with the

True Interests of his Country.
By his late Wife, Catherine, Youngest Daughter of
WiUiam Hanbury, Esqr., of Little Marcle, he had Two
Children, Frederick Henry, Who died an Infant ;
and Catherine, who (with her surviving Mother)
Has caused this Monument to be Erected.
He died at Moccas, upon the Third of April, 1768 ;
in the Seventy third Year of his Age.
Just when liis Constituents were Preparing to
reelect him
To an Eighth ParUament.
The only sister of Velters CornewaU and Captain James, his brother, of
whom presently, was Mary, who manied the Hon. James Berkeley, Colonel of
the Grenadier Guards, son of Charles, 2nd Earl of Berkeley, and M.P. for
Gloucestershire. She died April 25th, 1741. He, May, 1736. By him she had
(i) Henry, Captain in the ist Foot Guards, who fell at Fontenoy, and Lionel
Spencer, who by Margaret, daughter of James Whitfield of Twickenham, had
Velters CornewaU Berkeley, Captain, R.N., who died AprU, 1804 ; Nicholas
Lionel ; with three daughters.




VELTERS CORXEWALL, M.P.



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. Ill

We now come to a member of the Cornewall family, who won for himself,
by splendid heroism, a place among the English immortals. His achievements
aroused an enthusiasm in the county paralleled only by those of Lord Nelson, and
the vote of the House, at a moment when money was sorely needed for the seven
years' war, gave him a noble monument in Westminster. This, after partial
mutilation, it was proposed to remove in favour of a monument to Lord Sahsbury,
the Premier. The Navy, however, was not prepared to view calmly any such
desecration, and in the end the project was dropped, never again, it may be hoped,
to be resuscitated.

Baptised at Moccas, November 17th, 1698, he joined the Royal Navy, com-
manding the Sheemess Frigate, 1724 ; the Success, 1732 ; the Bedford, 1743 ;
and the Marlborough of 90 guns and 750 men in the battle of February nth, 1744,
off Toulon, against the combined fleets of France and Spain. He lost both legs
but continued fighting.

In a " particular account of the late action in the Mediterranean " by a
Marine Officer, London, 1744, the writer says : " The losses sustained in this
fight are very inconsiderable, excepting the Marlboro', who had 52 killed, and
150 wounded. Among the first was Captain Cornewall, who lost his life in
keeping the place allotted to him with great intrepidity, without any reUef
worth mentioning from the incessant fire of The Real, and her two seconds.
He was a gallant gentleman, affable and of a fine address, an honour to the
service, the darling of every man who knew him, perfectly sweet- tempered and
well-bred ; in whose death The King, our Country and all Officers and Seamen
have had a great loss. Among the wounded was Lieut. Cornewall, his kinsman,
who lost his right arm in this action, an old officer of great merit. The
Marlboro' had 90 gims and 750 men ; The Real 114 guns and 1350 men."

Thou cam'st at honour's sacred call.

Thou cam'st at once to conquer and to fall.

To die a victim to the British name.

To die the Hero's death and Uve to fame.

Above the rest, brave Cornewall, shines thy part,

Strikes every eye and gains on every heart.

He was elected as a Whig for Weobley in 1732, but defeated in 1734, being,
however, returned on petition. By order of the King, and after the unanimous



112 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL.

vote of the House of Commons, a monument was raised at the pubUc cost to his
memory in Westminster Abbey.*

The monument stands just within the West door, and is partly formed of
red veined Sicilian marble — a heavy p37ramidal structure, designed by Sir
Robert Taylor. It displays a large standing figure of Britannia in the character
of Pallas, attended by her Uon, and another of Fame under a palm tree and laurel.
The figures are poised on rocks adorned with anchors, flags, and armour, and
these surround an admirable bas-relief of a naval engagement. Above is a coat
of arms — a lion rampant in a bordure besanty — and a medallion representing the
head of a man crowned with laurel.

It cost the nation £3000 — as is evident by an item in the Estimates for 1756.
Subjoined is the scholarly epitaph, which in elegant Latin alike commemorates
the hero and tells the story of his death.

Inter pristinoe virtutis monumenta

hac in cede sacra, conservetur nomen

JACOBI CORNEWALL

de Castro Bredwardino in agio Herefordensi,

Armigeri et Fihi natu tertii

qui de pervetusta et illustri Plantagenistarum stirpe,

Animum vere priscum ducens, verum navalium Dux evasit facile peritissimus ;

Britonum Atque lachrymis, atque applausu merito, decoratis,

Quippe qui patrioe causam,
in Navali illo, Telonem juxta, certamine strenue propugnans
plumbi jugalis ictu utroque pariter truncatus crure,
ardorem suum conmilitonibus supremum munus morientis legans
occubuit invictus
III id. Feb. A.D., MDCCXLIII. ^t sua XLV.
cujus eximia virtus,
Ampliori elogio ad posteritatis incitationem commendari nequiit,
Quam honoris exemplo plane singulari, quam unanimi suffragio
Publicis Expensis
hoc monumentum viri fortissimi memoriae Senatus Britannicus consecrari voluit.

* The Monument was paid for in the Estimates of 1756 when the Country was entering upon
the Seven Years' War. The item runs : •' For erecting a Monument in S. Peter s, Westminster, to the
memory of Captain J ames Cornewall, £3,000." The next item shows the situation in which England
was placed, e.g. " upon account to enable His Majesty to concert and take all such. measures as may be
necessary to disappoint and defeat the designs of His enemies."






ri;^_







iiinuirnen^ o/' ( ii/i/{i/'n J/auteti /er/ur,
- C 1 ill Wi-liminsUT Abby/ r;, 'i-'^



THIS MONUMENT TO CAPT. J. CORNWALL, IN WESTMINSTER ABBEY,
IS THE FIRST EVER VOTED BY PARLIAMENT FOR NAVAL HEROISM.



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. II3

Of this epitaph Mr. A. P. Cornewall has given the following translation :

Amongst the Mommients of pristine virtue
Within these walls be preserved the name of

JAMES CORNEWALL,

The third son of Henry Cornewall, Esq., of

Bredwardine Castle, in the County of Hereford,

Who deriving a truly heroic sovl

From the ancient family of the Plantagenets,

Became a most able and expert Sea Commander,

Honoured with the united tears and applause

Of a British people.

For while he was defending his Country's cause

In that Naval engagement near Toulon,

A chain shot having cut off both his thighs,

He fell unconquered —

Bequeathing in his last agonies to his fellow soldiers

His native mUitary ardour, xi. Feb. A.D. 1743 ;

Of his age the XLVth.

His admirable valour

Could not by a more ample eulogiiun be

recommended to posterity —

Than when from a singular honour paid to it.

This Jlonument was voted to be consecrated to his memory

at the public expense

By the unanimous suffrage of a British Senate.

To this may be appended an account given in the Gentleman's Magazine,
February, 1755 :—

" The scaffolding was taken from before the mausoleum in Westminster
Abbey, raised in memory of Capt. Cornewall, Commander of the Marlborough.
This monument, which is near 36 feet high, has a bold base and pyramid of rich
Sicihan jasper ; against the pyramid is a rock (embellished with naval trophies,
sea weeds, etc.), in which are two cavities. In the one a Latin epitaph is in-
scribed ; in the other is a view of the sea fight off Toulon in bcis-relief ; on the
fore-ground of which the Marlborough of 90 guns is fiercely engaged with Admiral
Navano's ship, the Real, of 114 guns, and her two seconds, aU raking the Marl-



114 '■""^ HOUSE OF CORNEWALL.

borough fore and aft. On the rock stand two figures. The one represents
Britannia under the character of Minerva, accompanied with a hon ; the other
figure is expressive of Fame, who having presented to Britannia a medallion of
the hero, supports it, whilst exhibited to public view. The medallion is accom-
panied with a globe and various honorary crowns, as due to valour. Behind the
figures is a lofty spreading palm tree (whereon is fixed the hero's shield or coat of
arms) together with a laurel tree ; both of which issue from the naturally barren
rock, as alluding to some heroic and uncommon event. This monument, designed
and executed by Mr. Taylor, and erected by order of His Majesty, upon the
unanimous vote of the House of Commons, is an illustrious instance of national
gratitude as well as of good policy, in being devoted to the honour of a greatly
distinguished naval officer."

The victory off Toulon, won by Captain James Cornewall, was tarnished by
the cowardice of the Admiral and of his second in command. Out of
26 Captains 12 were Court Martialled, one died, one fled the country, two were
dismissed their ships, and five cashiered, including the Commodore, Admiral
Mathews, whUe an epigram crushed those who failed Captain James Cornewall, e.g.,

Spare the fond sigh ! Let Briton's tears be shed
For dastards living, not for heroes dead.

On the death in action of our hero, his cousin. Captain Frederick Cornewall
of Delbury — of whom in a following chapter — assumed the command of the
Fleet, which had been deserted by its chief officers. Mathews thereupon offered
him the command of a frigate. He replied with scorn that he had fought the
Marlborough, and would command her or none, and his demand was at once
conceded. Eighteen years later he was selected to command " The Cornewall,"
on her launch at Deptford, a man-of-war carrying 74 guns. She was so named
after Captain James Cornewall.

In an age of epigram and of verse the superb exploit of the Marlborough and
her Captain awoke an enthusiasm which found vent in lines of somewhat unequal
merit. Thus W. Rider : —

One tomb alone my ravished view excites
And fires my rage, and as it fires dehghts.
O Cornewall ! at thy name my bosom fires !
Thy name, to every Briton ever dear.




CAPTAIN JAMES CORNEWALL, R.N.



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. II5

Immortal vengeance 'gainst thy foes inspires,
Thy fate at once I envy and revere !
Who would not die like thee in glory's prime,
And die applauded by the mouths of endless time ?

Here we have others : — From the Gentleman' s Magazine, February, 1755 : —

The following inscription, which was written some years ago, having been

incorrectly printed in the papers, then by mistake ascribed to a right honourable

gentleman, you are desired, in justice to the Author, to give the public a genuine

copy.

ON CAPT. JAMES CORNEWALL.
Tho' Britain's genius hung her drooping head.
And mourn'd her ancient glory fled.
On that fam'd day when France combined with Spain,
Strove for the wide dominion of the main.
Yet, Comewall, all with grateful voice agree
To pay the tribute of applause to thee.
When his bold chief, in thickest fight engag'd.
Unequal war with Spain's proud leader wag'd.
With indignation moved he timely came
To rescue from reproach liis country's name :
Success too dearly did his valour crown,
He sav'd his leader's hfe — and lost his own.
These fun'ral rites a grateful nation pays,
That latest times may learn the hero's praise,
And Chiefs Uke him shall uncomplaining bleed,
When Senates thus reward the glorious deed.

CORNEWALL'S GHOST.
From scenes of bliss — Elysian fields,

Where Drake and Raleigh rove ;
The Ghost of Comewall took his flight,

And sought the realms above.
In that famed place where heroes sleep,

And saints and sages lie,
He saw the marble columns rise,

And thus express'd his joy.



rr6 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL.

" Such honours patriot kings erect,

" x\nd Senates have decreed,
" For those who bravely meet their fate.
And for their country bleed."
When Britain calls, and virtue fires,

There's ecstasy in death ;*
Who would not bleed in every vein
And die at every breath ?

Yet one more, sheltered, happily, under the veil of anonjTnity : —
Who'd wish an ignominious life,

And for a moment's pain,
Give country, conscience, honour up.

And stOl that hfe sustain ?
The slaughtered ghosts at Fontenoy,

Mourn that inglorious day ;
When English honour droop'd her head,

To France and Spain a prey.
But, soft ! I hear war's loud alarms.

And the brave sailors' cries ;
Once more I see the flag displayed.
And Britain's genius rise.
" Now — now, intrepid sons of war,

" Regain the honour lost ;
" Now — dart your thunder to the foe —

" Revenge my slaughtered ghost.
" Britons, strike home ! — Cornewall commands —
" To fame, to conquest fly.
Brave ghost — the navy all reply'd,
" We'll conquer, or we'll die ! "

The will of James, Commander of H.M. ship Marlborough, now lying in the
bay of Hieres, dated February 6th, 1743-4. Devise of my estate in Cos. Carmar-
then and Cardigan to Brother Henry (of Byfleet — vide supra) though, as it was
devised to him by my Father in case I should die without issue, this expression

* Dulce et decorum est pro Patria mori.




CAPTAIN THOMAS CORNEVVALL, R.\.



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. II7

of my intention may be unnecessary. And I earnestly entreat him out of affection
for our family and brotherly love, and that charity which our Blessed Saviour
solemnly recommends to us, that he will be reconciled to our brother, Velters,
and leave the estate to him at his death. £4,000 to my natural son Thomas, by
Mrs. Hannah Southwark of Boston, New England. ;fi,ooo to Cousin Frederick,
late my first Lieut. £500 each to the 2 sons and 3 daughters of my sister, Berkeley.
Proved May 6, 1744.

Thomas Comewall, the legatee of Captain James and General Henry
Cornewall, died at Chart Place, Dorking, in 1796, aged 65, and is described in
the European Magazine vol. 30, p. 71, as the senior superannuated Captain
R.N. Apparently he was never married. The following is from The Gentlemen's
Magazine, January 29, 1784 : " At Thos. Comewall's, Esq., at Chart Place, in
Surrey, in her 97th year, Mrs. Talbot's, relict of the Rev. Edw. Talbot, Arch-
deacon of Berkshire, and next brother to Lord Chancellor Talbot, whom she
survived above 63 years. — ^To this gentleman's interest with his father, the
Bishop of Durham, the late Archbishop Seeker owed his introduction into the
Church and his preferments. Mr. Talbot died in December, 1720, and on Mr.
Seeker's marrying, in October, 1725, Mrs. Catherine Benson, the friend and
relation of Mrs. Talbot, she and her late excellent daughter consented to Uve
with them, and they continued to do so with the late Archbishop till his death in
1768, when he left £13,000 in the 3 per cent, annuities to his Chaplains (of whom
the survivor is now Bishop of Chester) in trust, to pay the interest thereof to Mrs.
Talbot and her daughter, during there joint Hves, or the life of the survivor, and
after the decease of both these ladies (an event which has now taken place,
Mrs. Catherine Talbot having died January 9, 1770), £11,000 of the said £13,000
are to be transferred to several charitable purposes." Archbishop Seeker was
accused of having transferred liis patronage to Mrs. Talbot. This no doubt was
mere slander.



ii8



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL.



Chapter VI.



THE CORNEWALI. BARONETS.



Velters Cornewall, M.P.=(3rd) Catherine Haneury.
I



Frederick
(1749)



Catherine=Sir George Amyand, Bart., who changed his name to Cornewall
I (1748-1814).



Sir George Cornewall,:

Bart.

(1774-1835)



Jane, dau. of Catherine F.=S. Peploe Hannah Anne M.
Wm. Naper (1773-1823) of Garnstone died in (1779-1872)
(1790-1853) infancy



I I I
Frances E.=HenryF., Charles A. Harriet=Sir T. F. Lewis,
(1783-1864) I Viscount (1783-1822) (b. 1787) 1 Bart.
I Hereford I

I I I

Robert, 15th Right Hon. Sir G. C. Lewis, Bart., M.P. Sir Gilbert

Viscount.



I
Caroline = Sir W. D. Gordon, Bart.

(i789^75LI
I
Sir a. D. Gordon, Bart.



I I
Sir Velters, Bart. William N., R.N. Rev. Sir G. H.=L. F., dau.
(1824-68) (1832-62) Cornewall, | of Francis
Bart, (b. 1833) | Bayley.



I

Amy

(1868-88)



Geoffrey
(b. 1869)



I
Mary L.
(b. 1870)



William F.
(b. 1871)



I
Catherine E. :
(1821-40)



George A.
(1874-86)



Thos. C.
Master



Mary J.
(1822-39)



Selina M.
(1825-27)



Francis A.
(b. 1826)



HENRiETTA=Rev. A. C. Master
(1828-58)



Caroline S.
(b. 1829)



CATHERINE, only daughter and eventual heir of Velters Cornewall by
Catherine his third wife, youngest daughter of William Hanbury, Esq., of
Byfleet and Little Marcle, and coheir of her brother, Thomas Hanbury, who
died August 7th, 1742, and is buried at Moccas, was baptised at Moccas, November
17th, 1752, and married, at St. George's, Hanover Square, July i8th, 1771, Sir
George Amyand, Bart. Elizabeth Neale, sister of Catherine Hanbury, by will
proved 1780, left her diamond earrings to her niece, Catherine, Lady Cornewall,
and Frances BarreU, another sister, bequeathed to Lady Cornewall, her niece,
three pictures of the Hanbury family* — will proved 1786. Catherine, Lady
Cornewall died March 17th, 1835. Her will, dated March 17th, 1822, was proved
by Samuel Peploe of Garnstone Castle, the husband of her eldest daughter, and
executor. In Moccas Church is this monumental inscription : —

* John Hanbury, of Hanbury, living a.d. 1400, had three sons. William, of Hanbury Hall;
John, ancestor of Lord Bateman; and Richard, ancestor of Capel Hanbury Leigh, of Pontypool.




CATHERINE, LADY CORNEWALL.
{.Frotii the portrait by Su Joshua Reynolds.)



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. II9

To the Memory of

Catherine Cornewall,

Only child and sole heiress of Velters Cornewall,

of Moccas Court, Esqre.,

And his wife, Catherine Hanbury,

Born on the 15th November, 1752,

Died on the 17th March, 1835,

In the 83rd year of her age.

In 1771 she married Sir George Amyand, Baronet,

And by him had 7 children.

Catherine Frances, born in 1774, married in 1796,

to S. Peploe, Esq., of Garstone, in this County.

George, born 1775, married in 1815, to Jane,

daughter of W. Naper, of Loughcrew, in Ireland.

Anna Maria, born 1779,

Frances Elizabeth, born 1783, married 1805,

to Henry, 14th Viscount Hereford.

Charles Amyand, born 1785, died 1803.

Harriet, born 1787, married 1805

to the Right Hon. T. Frankland Lewis,

of Harpton Court, County of Radnor.

CaroUne, born 1789, married 1810,

To Sir William Duff Gordon, Bart.

" This monument, which, but for his untimely death, would have been erected
by her son, is placed here to commemorate the many virtues which made her
beloved by her children and the delight and ornament of her domestic circle."

Her husband, who on his marriage in 1771 assumed the name and arms
of Cornewall, was born 1748 and represented Herefordshire in the Whig
interest, 1774-96, in wliich year he was defeated. He matriculated at Ch. Ch.,
Oxford, April 5th, 1766, set 17, proceeded M.A. March 4th, 1769, and D.C.L.
July 8th, 1773. He presented to Monnington, 1792, was Captain in the County
Yeomanry, 1794, Major 1806, and Colonel of the County Mihtia, 1805. He was
also a Family Trustee of the British Museum from 1788 untU his death, which
occurred September 26th, 1819. Buried at jMoccas. The following is his
monumental inscription : —



120 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL.

Sacred to the Memory of Sir George Cornewall, Bart.

He died Sep. a.d. i8ii, aged 70.

During a considerable part of his life

He represented the County of Hereford independently and honestly.

In the character of a provincial Magistrate

He was greatly serviceable to his neighbourhood ;

As a friend esteemed ; by his family beloved,

And by the poor around him

Lamented he died.

The Amyand* family, refugees from Mornac, after settling in England and
becoming naturalised, assumed at once a high social position, inter-marrying,
as wiU be shown, with some of the leading families of their adopted country, and



* Isaac Amyand, = Anne Hottot.
Refugee from Momac,
naturalised Oct.
1685, died Sept. i8,
1782. Will dated April
5, proved Sept. 28.
Exors., sons Daniel
and Tlieodore, and
brother Daniel.



I
Rev. Daniel Amyand,
described in the marriage
license of his niece, Magdalen,
Dec, 1683, as Rector of Hol-
denby.



1

Charles


Isaac


Claudius, =


(Nov. 6, 1717) Mary Rabache


1 1
John Daniel


natur-


natur-


F.R.S., born in




naturalised Exor. to


alised


alised


Paris, Principal




1699 his father


1699


1699


Surgeon to George
11., Oct., 1729.
KUleJ by a fall in
Greenwich Park,
1740. Naturalised
1699.








III 1
Theodore Benjamin Magdalen= Jeremy Mary








ExoT. to his naturalised


MORIN natur-








father, natur- 1699


(16S3) aUsed








ised 1699


1699



Sir George Amyand, Bart. =Ann a Maria, dau.
of John A. Korten
(d. June 30, 1767).
M.I. Carshalton



(b. Sept. 26, 1720, d- Aug

16, 1766) created B.ironet

Aug. 4, 1764.

M.I. Carshalton



I
RachelM. Claudius=(i76i) Frances Payne,'

(1730-53) Secretary of widow of George, 1

State, 1756. Earl of Northamp-

(1718-74) ton (1719-1800) [



I I

Rev. Thos. H.=(i75i) Frances, dau. Anne = John Porter,