Cecil George Savile Foljambe Liverpool.

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=Anne, d. of Sir William Strode grandson WUliam

I =Margaret, d. 01 Thos.

I I ^1 I Corbyn

Frances Folliott Margaret, srle heir



Thomas, 2nd Lord Elizabeth
=Rebecca French =(i)SirEdwd.

I Fairfield
(2)SiR John

I Ponsonby



Sir Robert King =Reginald Pindar, of

IKempley. This
Reginald took the name
ot LygcD, whence the
Earls Beauchamp.



Henry, 3rd Lord. Anne, co-heir.

= (i) Elizabeth Pudsey =John Soley of
(2) Elizabeth Winery I Lickhill
s.p. I s.p.



I I

Rebecca, co-heir. Elizabeth, co-heir.

=Job Walker of =(i) Samuel Powell

Wootton. son of I (2) Rev. Thos. Jones

Richard W., by Mary A

d. of Sir H. Herbert



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL.



133



left instructions to his Executors for rings to be given directly after the cere-
mony to the following relatives and friends : —



B

Frances, co-heir
= . . . Mason



Rebecca=Humphrey Sandford
I
Mary Sandford=Jonathan Scott.

I

I
Major John Scott, M.P.=Elizabeth Blackrie
(asssumed the name of |

Waring). j

I



Mary, co-heii
= Rowland Baugh
I (d. s.p. 1739)

Mary=Fbancis

I Herbert, M.P.
I
Mary=Captain F.

cornewall,
R.N.



Edward Hastings=Mary Maclean.
I



Henry Reade=Mary Agar.



I
Anna M.=John Reade of Ipsden.



CoMPTON (5th son)=jANE Walker.



Euma=Rev. Compton Reade.



Anna M.=Hon. R. A. J. Drummond.



Henry, Lord FoIUott. became by his daughters ancestor of the Earls of Denbigh, the Dukes
of Kingston, the Viscounts Powerscourt, and the Earls of Corli. A legend makes the FoUiotts descend
from Rollo the Norman.

The following descents show the connection of Herbert, FoUiott, and Walker.

Mathew Herbert of Dolgeog, uncle of the celebrated Lord Herbert, and of Sir Henrv of
Ribbesford,

=Margaret, daughter of Charles Fox, of Bromiield, co. Salop, by Catherine
I Leighton.



Francis, of Oakeley Park, Bromfield.

=(2) Abigail, dr. of Wm. Garton, of Sussex.



Mathew, of Oakeley
Park, Sheriff of
Salop, 1655, created
a Bart. Obt. s.p. Richard Herbert, of Dolgeog, &-c.

=Florentia, granddr. of the celebrated Lord Herbert of Chirbury.



Francis.

I

Lord Powis



I
George (married 1693).
^Martha, dr. of John Newton,
I of Heighley.



Frances =Francis Plowden.



Francis, M.P. for Montgomery, to whom the 3rd Barony of Herbert of Chirbury was limited,

in default of heirs male of his uncle Francis.
=Mary, daughter of Rowland Baugh, bv Mary, dr. and junior co-heir of Thomas, 2nd Lord
I FolUott.



George.



I
Henry.



FOLLIOTT.



I
Mary Herbert.
=Capt. Frederick Cornewall,
I R.N., of Delbury.



Right Rev. Folliott Herbert Walker Cornewall,
Bishop of Worcester in iSoS.
=Anne, d. of Hon. and Rev. George Hamilton.
I



134 '^^^ HOUSE OF CORNEWALL.

Sir Francis Charlton, Bart.

Thos. Johns, Esq.

Captain ComewaU.

Frederick ComewaU, Esq.

FoUiott Cornewall, Esq. (the future Bishop).

Somerset Davies, Esq.

Somerset Davies, junior.

Rev. Mr. Humphreys.

Mr. Richard Baldwyn, with lo guineas.

Mr. Robert Jones.

Rev. Dr. Kimber.

Thomas Hill, Esq., of Court of Hill.

Thomas Loyd, Esq., of Lincolns Inn.

Mr. Robert Pardoe.

Mr. Kinchant.

Rev. Francis Kinchant.

Mrs. Littlehales.

Rev. Mr. Powell, of Sutton.

Mr. Thomas Matthews.

Thos. Griffiths.

Mrs. Baldwyn, of Ludlow, with the pictures in the best lodging room.

Job Walker, of Wootton.

= Rebecca, -2nd dr., but in her issue eldest co-h., of her brother Henry, 3rd Lord Folliott, ot
I LickhiU, &c.

Francis Walker, of Femey Hall, Ludlow, SheriS of Salop, 1725, and a J. P.
He died, s.p., and bequeathed his estates to his relative, Frederick Cornewall, M.P. ; they

eventually came into the possession of the Rev. 1-. H. ComewaU, afterwards successively

Bishop of Bristol, Hereford, and Worcester, his brother.

William, son of Mathew Herbert of Cilibibell, was Col. of a Regiment of Foot and Governor of
Plymouth. He died s.p. 13th June, 1668, aged 59, in the house of his nephew William at Swansea.
He married Margaret, daughter of Walter Vaughan of LlaneUy, but died s.p. His nephew WUliam
(son of George) married Mary, daughter of Richard Walker of Wootton, Salop. She died 1719.

The above Walter Vaughan's grand-daughter and eldest coheiress Jemima married Sir Richard
Vaughan. There was also a relationship to the CornewaUs, Mary wife of Walter Vaughan of Golden
Grove, being daughter of Griffith Rice of Newtown, by Eleanor, daughter of Sir Thomas Jones of
Abermarlais. This estate of Abermarlais passed to the Cornewallis family, of whom Edith Coruwallis
married Robert Cornewall of Berrington.

The above Charles Fox was Sheriff of Salop, 1583. His sister, Catherine, married Francis
Adams of Cainham. Charles Fox's son. Sir Edward, married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of
Sir Charles Somerset. Their son, Somerset Fox of Cainham, married Anne, daughter of Walter Long
of Wraxall, co. Wilts, and had with others, a son Somerset. In 1654 this last-named gentleman, with
his cousin John Gerrard and Mr. Powel, was found guilty of conspiring the Protector's death and
sentenced to be hanged. The other two were executed, but Somerset Fox was pardoned and received
a pension of £300 per annum from Charles II. He resided abroad until the Restoration, and died
at Ludlow in 1689. He describes himself as of Cainham.

Though trancis Adams is described as of Cainham, the principal family estate was at Cleeton,
near Bitterly. BriUiana Lady Harley mentions •' cozen Adams," but she was a parliamentarian,
they royalists.



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 135

Her sister, Mrs. Anne Baldwyn.

My cousin Sandford.*

Mr. Jonathan Scott (who married Mr. Sandford's daughter).

John Barrington, Esq.

George Pardoe.

Isabella Baugh — widow.

Mrs. Frances Comewall, and my little gold watch.

Miss R. Walker (sister).

Six tenants, bearers, with gloves, hatbands, and scarfs. Six
labourers or poor tenants with hatbands and gloves. Clergy-
men (i) Rev. Mr. Humphreys, (2) Dr. Kimber, (3) Mr. John
Powell, (4) Mr. Jones, of Clunbury, with a ring, Mr. Jones
of the School with a ring, all with scarfs, hatbands, and
gloves.

Gloves to all Tenants and Labourers.

A cold entertainment for the people.

The funeral to be by daylight or in the morning.

Concerning Frederick, the elder son of Captain Frederick Cornewall by Mary
Herbert, httle is known beyond what has been recorded on his monumental
inscription in Delbury Church. It is noteworthy that while that inscription
gives his name as Frederick only, in the Delbury Register we find the following
entry under date 1783 : " Frederick Walker Cornewall, Esq., Representative in
ParUament for the Borough of Ludlow, was buried the first day of May." Mr.
Francis Walker bequeathed his estates, including the Manor of Shelderton, to
Frederick Cornewall, M.P. The conditions were that he added the name of
Walker to his own, but was not to come into possession for five years, i.e. in
1783, the year of his death. Hence Mr. Walker's estates went to Mr. Frederick
Walker ComewaJl's brother, the Bishop, who assumed the name of Walker.

* i.e., Mr. Humphrey Sandford, of the Isle of Rossall, Sheriff of Salop, whose wife was grand-
daughter of the second Lord Folliott. Their daughter married Jonathan Scott, whose daughter
Dorothy was in childhood a playmate of the future Bishop. Her brother, Jonatlian Scott's eldest
son (he was himself of Charlton Hall) was Major John Scott, M.P., who assumed the name of Waring
on inheriting the estates of his cousin, Mr. Waring of the Hayes, Oswestry. He was Military Secretary
to Warren Hastings, and his champion in the House of Commons. A warm personal friend of the
Prince Regent, who was present at the masked ball in his mansion. Peterborough House, when his
second wife fell from the top of the stairs with her mask on, breaking her neck. The Prince Regent
promised on his accession to revive the Folliott peerage in his favour, but omitted to do so. Major
Scott Wariug's lineal representative is Mrs. Compton Reade.

The Heralds' Visitation of Salop, 1623, was purchased for £5 of the Exors. of Warburton,
Somerset Herald, by Richard Hill Waring of The Hayes, Oswestry. From him it descended to the
above Mr. Jonathan Scott, who presented it in 1766 to the Shrewsbury Free School Library.



136 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWAI.I..

Frederick Cornewall was entered on the books of St. John's College,
Cambridge, as having been son of Frederick Cornewall, Captain R.N., and
Mary Herbert. Further, that he was born at Ludlow, Salop, and aged 18 on
April 13th, 1770. School, Eton. Admitted Pensioner, May 17th, 1770, and
Fellow Commoner on October 21st, of the same year. He did not graduate,
and was admitted at Lincoln's Inn, May 19th, 1773. On August 27th, 1776, he
was elected in the Tory interest as (Frederick Walker Cornewall, Junior) member
for Leominster, was called to the bar, July 4th, 1778, and made Baihff of
Ludlow in 1780, in which year he was elected M.P. for that borough, which he
represented until his decease in 1783. Among the accounts of his brother, the
Bishop, in the possession of Mrs. Andrew South, are some receipts of Frederick
Walker Cornewall in coimection with Ferney (spelt "Fern" Hall), and also the
rough draft of the Will of Francis Walker, the only legatee mentioned being his
unmarried sister, Rebecca Walker. Spaces are left blank for the insertion of the
name to whom he devised his real estates, and the only other items of note are
100 guineas for the erection of a monument in Ribbesford Church to the late
Lord Herbert ; his pack of hounds to Thomas Johnes, Esq. ; and £50 or £100
for a monument to his father and mother in Clungunford Church. The date
appears to be January 15th, 1776.

Mr. Frederick Walker Cornewall died unmarried and s.p., April 28th, 1783.
It will be noted that the inscription on the monument of Capt. Frederick Corne-
wall in Delbury Church, states that by his wife, Mary Herbert, who died 1766,
he had two surviving children, viz., Frederick and Folliott Herbert.

The future Bishop was born in 1754 — where baptised, does not appear.
The subjoined entries from the Books of St. John's College, Cambridge — which
however omit his appointment as Dean of Windsor, 1784 — sum up the details of
his brilliant career, viz. : —

Folliott Herbert Walker Cornewall,

Son of Frederick Cornewall, Esq., and Mary Herbert.

Born in Salop. School, Eton.

Admitted Pensioner of St. John's College, June 24th, 1772.

First day of residence, April 12th, 1773.

B.A., 1777. M.A., 1780.

Admitted FeUovv, March i8th, 1777.

Deacon, Dec. 14, 1777 1 by the Bishop of Peterborough, in the Chapel of

Priest, Dec. 20, 1778 / Trinity College, Cambridge.




FRANCIS WALKER. OF FERXEY HALL.




THE RIGHT KE\'. FULLIOTT H. W. COR.VEWALL, D.D.

BISHOP OF WORCESTER.



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. I37

The Archbishop of Canterbury gave him the D.D. degree, January 8, 1793

Dean of Canterbury, January 21, 1793.

Consecrated Bishop of Bristol, April 9th, 1797, in Lambeth Chapel, by the

Archbishop, the Bishops of London, Lichfield and Coventry, and

Norwich assisting.

It will appear more than probable from the following biographical memoirs
that he owed his rapid preferment, which included the Bishopric of Hereford
(1803-5) arid that of Worcester (1808-31), to his distinguished relative, the Speaker
of the House of Commons ; but the family muniments give evidence of a very
close intimacy with the ist Earl of Liverpool and \\'ith Lord Sidmouth.

The Gentleman's Magazine, September 5th, 1831. — "The Bishop of
Worcester. — In his Palace at Worcester, aged 77, Died Sep. 5, 1831, the
Right Rev. FoUiott Herbert Walker Cornewall, D.D., Lord Bishop of Wor-
cester. Dr. Cornewall was a man of ancient family and good paternal estate,
being the representative of the Cornewalls of Delbury, near Ludlow, a branch
of the ancient titular Barons of Burford, in Shropshire, who derived their
descent from a natural son of Richard Earl of Cornwall (and King of the
Romans), the younger son of King John. The Bishop succeeded to the
estate of Delbury on the death of his brother, Frederick Cornewall, Esq., who
was M.P. for Leominster from 1776 to 1778. As a yoimger brother, Dr.
Cornewall was educated for the Church, and having become a member of St.
John's College, Cambridge, was elected a Fellow of that House, and graduated
B.A. 1777, M.A. 1780. In the latter year he was appointed Chaplain to the
House of Conmions, during the Speakership of his kinsman, the Right Hon.
Charles Wolfran Cornewall ; in 1784 he was made a Canon of Windsor, and
in 1790 Master of Wigston's Hospital, Leicester. He married at this period,
or before, Anne, eldest daughter of the Hon. and Rev. George Hamilton, Canon
of Windsor, cousin to the first Marquess of Abercorn, and sister to Cecil, the
Marquess' second wife, as also to Lady George Seymour. In 1792 Dr. Cornewall
was appointed Dean of Canterbury, in 1797 consecrated Bishop of Bristol, in
1803 translated to Hereford, and in 1808 to Worcester.

" He was possessed of fair scholarship, strong good sense, polished manners,
and an amiable temper, and had passed a virtuous and exemplary Ufe. His only
publications consisted of a Sermon preached before the House of Commons,
January 30th, 1782, and a Fast Sermon before the House of Lords, 1798. By



138 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL.

the lady before mentioned, who died at Delbury, December i8th, 1795, he had
several children.* His eldest son, Frederick Hamilton Cornewall, Esq., married
in 1828, Fanny Harriet, daughter of St. George Cauhield, of Donaman Castle,
Co. Roscommon, Esq. (cousin to the Earl of Charlemont), and the Hon. Frances
Crofton. Herbert Cornewall, Esq., another son, married in 1822, Charlotte,
third daughter of the late General Lord Charles Somerset.

" The remains of the Bishop were interred in the family vault at Delbury.
The strict privacy enjoined by his positive directions prevented the attendance
of many persons who were anxious to give this last proof of their respect and
affection to his memory.

" Since the Memoir of Bishop Cornewall, in p. 370, was printed, we have
derived the following information respecting his family from ' Blakeway's Sheriffs
of Shropshire ' — a very valuable book of local biography : The Cornewalls have
not long possessed Delbury, or Diddlebury, it having been purchased of Richard
Bawdewin, Esq., by the Bishop's Father. This was Capt. Frederick CornewaU,
R.N., M.P. for Leominster, t whom in p. 370 we have incorrectly styled Brother
to the Bishop. Capt. CornewaU was of the family seated at Berrington in Here-
fordshire, and the Bishop's mother was Mary, daughter of Francis Herbert, Esq.,
of Ludlow, by Mary, daughter of Rowland Baugh and Mary, sister and co-
heiress of Henry Lord FoUiott, a Peer of the kingdom of Ireland. Francis
Herbert, Esq., was M.P. for Montgomery, and was cousin to Henry Arthur,
Earl Powis, in the remainder to whose barony of Herbert of Chirbury he was
included by the patent of 1749. It will thus be seen whence the late Bishop of
Worcester derived his names."

In the will of Bishop Cornewall, dated July 27th, 1827, he in default of issue
male of his eldest son Frederick Hamilton CornewaU, de\'ised aU his lands in
Delbury, Aston, Munslow, Culmington, Great Sutton, Little Sutton, Whichcott,
and Lawton, also lands in Stanton Lacy, to Edward Viscount Chve and Robert
Henry CUve, as Trustees to the use of his son Herbert CornewaU during Ufe, upon
Trust to preserve certain contingent remainders. To the use of Herbert Somerset
HamUton CornewaU (son of Herbert) during Ufe, and to his heirs male. To the
use of the Bishop's right heirs for ever. CodicU Dec. 1828. To the use of
Frederick Talbot CornewaU in default of heirs male of his brother and to his heir

* The Bishop had only two sous and oiu daughter, the latter died un-married.
t This is wrong. It was the Bishop's brother — as correctly stated above — who represented
Leominster.



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. I39

in tail male. Will proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Jan. 22, 1833,
by Frederick Hamilton Cornewall, son and sole executor.

Bishop Cornewall married Anne, daughter of the Hon. and Rev. George
Hamilton, youngest son of James, 7th Earl of Abercorn. She died December
15th, 1795, and was buried at Delbury, December 24th of that year (Registered
by me, J. Powell). By her he had (i) Frederick Hamilton Cornewall, born 1791,
died December 30th, 1845, at Delbury Hall, and interred in Delbury Church,
January 6th, 1846. By Frances, daughter of St. George Caulfield of Donamon
Castle, Co. Roscommon, he had (i) Henrietta, who married, August loth, 1848,
the Hon. Spencer Lyttelton, son of William, 3rd Lord Lyttelton, by Lady Sarah
Spencer, daughter of George John, 2nd Earl Spencer, and by him had a son
(now deceased), WiUiam Henry Cornewall Lyttelton, born June gth, 1849 '' ^^'^
(2) Mary Fanny, who married Francis B. Hallowell-Carew, Esq., of Bedding-
ton Park, Surrey, now deceased. This lady has 18 grandchildren and 2 great-
grandchildren. By Mr. HalloweU-Carew she had (i) Francis, who by Edith
Jellibrand, had two children ; (2) Guy ; (3) Norah Louisa, died unmarried ;
(4) Rose, married Edward Hyde Cater; (5) Mary, married (i) Charles Tepper,
(2) Vyvyan Luke ; (6) Violet, married Arthur Ley ; (7) Constance, unmanried ;
(8) Coralie, married (i) Lionel Wilkinson, and (2) as his second wife (January
15th, 1902), Stafford Henry Jemingham, of Costessy Park, Norwich, eldest
son of Adolphus Frederick James Jemingham ; (9) Magdalen, married Alastair
Riley ; (10) Ada, unmarried.

The second son of Bishop Cornewall, viz., Herbert, born July 21st, 1794,
died 1863, married Charlotte, daughter of Lord Charles Somerset, Governor of
the Cape, who survived her husband, dying March 17th, 1864, and was buried
at Clewer. The following is her monumental inscription : —

9[d tijc iHcntDrti

of

ffiljarlnttc Augusta ffiornElttiill,

MiJrotD of tIjc late

l^erbert Cornctoall, 6sq.,

©f gtllranj lall, .^alop,

gorn |(anaarn Inb. ISOn.

^ieb iKarrlj Utlj, ISU4.



140 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL.

By her he had (i) Herbert Somerset Hamilton, born December 7th, 1S26 —
mentioned in the Bishop's will — married, 1862, Ellen, daughter of J. Wood,
Esq., of Surbiton, and died October 31st, 1902. By her he had (a) Charles
Somerset Herbert, bom February 19th, 1863, died December 23rd, 1890,
s.p. He joined his father in barring the entail of the Hall and the Delbury
Estates ; (b) Henry Folliott Hamilton, an officer in the Merchant Service, born
February 15th, 1864, married, June i6th, 1900, Ellen May, daughter of Morris
Emerton, Esq., of New Zealand, and djnng, November 8th, igoi, left a son,
Henry Hamilton CornewaU, born April 4th, 1901 — the present male representa-
tive in the direct and senior line of Earl Richard, King of the Romans ; (c) Ada
Mary Cecil, bom January 22nd, 1865, married, September 24th, 1896, to Andrew
South, Esq., of East Ealing, and has issue, Elsie Mary Somerset, born 1897,
Cecil Andrew, bom 1901.

(2) Frederick Talbot, Colonel in the Bombay Staff Corps, bom Sept. 2nd,
1828, who was twice married ; (3) Charlotte Henrietta, married Dr. J. W. Walker,
and has issue, Archibald Edward, born 1870, and Cecil Geraldine Somerset, born
1867; (4) Elizabeth, unmarried ; (5) Cecil, married at Edinburgh, December 9th,
1869, W. G. Mitchell, Esq., and died on her honeymoon at Leghorn, intestate.

The only daughter of Bishop CornewaU, Marianne, bom 1793, died at
Twickenham, unmarried, in 1865, and was buried at Clewer. The following
is her monumental inscription : —

Barrett

®n ttje ifltmoro

of

iSariannc ffiomctoall,

©nip Qaunljttr of tlje

Higljt ileb. ^r. CDrnctoall,

gtsbop of Mlorctstcr,

mija gittt at tinirkcnljam,

lanuarj 16t^, 1S65,

J\>grti 73.

By her Will, she constituted the Rev. E. Winnington- Ingram, Rector of

Stanford-on-Teme, sole executor and legatee of her copyhold and freehold

lands at Whilden, Hartlebury, etc., to him and to his heirs. Will proved at

Worcester, Febmary loth, 1865.



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. I4I

The Times, June 24th, 1904, gave a long account of an action brought to
recover the Delbury estates by Cornewall (an infant) v. Prioleau and another.
The plaintiff's uncle, Charles Somerset Herbert Cornewall, it appeared in evidence,
had joined his father in disentailing the Delbury estates ; two mortgages were
executed in 1884 and 1886 in favour of Messrs. Harrison and Ingram. The
mansion and estate were estimated in November, 1891, at £50,000 odd. Mr.
Justice Walton, who tried the case, supported the contention of the defendants,
who were in possession, and in the end the plaintiffs' representatives agreed
to a verdict of £200.

Previously to this, an action had been entered against several defendants,
including Mrs. Ada M. South, the latter as possessing an equity of redemption
on the Delbury estates, by virtue of the \vill of Charles S. H. Cornewall, her
brother. This lady had already compromised her claim, so that the Plaintiffs —
the mortgagees — ^were granted possession. The loss of the Delbury mansion
and estates must be referred in the first instance to reprehensible extravagance,
and the weakness on the part of the legal advisers of Charles S. H. Cornewall
(who was but a very young man), in allowing him to sacrifice his interests in
order to meet liis father's liabilities ; but even more to the incapacity ol
EngUsh law to protect the rights of remainder-men.



142 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL.



Chapter VIII.

THE BARONIES OF RICHARD'S CASTLE AND BURFORD.

Tl AVING thus traced the senior Une of Comewalls from Sir Edmund, grandson
-'■ -^ of Earl Richard, King of the Romans, to the present day, we now pro-
ceed to deal with the junior line, the descendants of Sir Edmund's brother, Sir
Geoffrey, who jure uxoris, Margaret De Mortimer, became the first Comewall
Baron of Burford. Before following his descent downwards, it may be weU to
devote a Chapter to the devolution of that Barony, and of the other De
Mortimer Barony of Richard's Castle.

Some fifteen years prior to the Norman Conquest, Ralph, nephew to
King Edward the Confessor, imported to England among other adventurers,
Richard, styled the son of Scrob. As to the identity of Scrob with the family
known shortly after the Conquest as Scrope, it can only be a matter of con-
jecture. Circumstances in the history of the Scropes would seem to point in
that direction, but we have no certain data whereon to form more than a
probable conclusion. With Richard, who built for himself a domus defensabilis
at Aureton, or, as it is now termed, Orleton, came Osbern, surnamed Pentecost,
who erected Ewyas Castle, and the pair of Barons, imbued with a lofty con-
tempt for the humble Saxons around them, began to work " all kinds of harm
and besmear for the King's men." It ended by Earl Godwin obtaining against
both adventurers a decree of banishment with an order to dismantle their
Castles. So far as Ewyas Castle was concerned this order was compUed with,
and its owner, Osbern Pentecost, enhsting under the banner of Macbeth, fell
at Dunsinane. Richard the son of Scrob was permitted however to retiurn
after a brief absence to his Castle, and at the time of the Domesday Survey
his son Osbern Fitz Richard, held i8 Manors in Herefordshire, g in Salop, 4 in
Beds, 6 in Notts, 10 in Warwickshire, with Chfton on Teme and other Manors
n Worcestershire, as Tenant in Capite.

The name Osbern being thus associated with Richard's Castle, Ewyas
Castle, and later with Hereford Castle, built by William Fitzosbern,* Earl of
Hereford and Regent of the realm during the absence of the Conqueror in

* Erroneously stated in " Memorials of old Herefordshire " to have resided at Richard's
Castle.



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. I43

Normandy, it may be well to state that there is no link traceable between the
three. That they may have sprung from one and the same stem in Normandy,
before the era of Edward the Confessor, is possible. In England they were
independent of each other, although it may be remarked that William the
great Earl rebuilt the dismantled Castle of Ewyas for Alured of Marlborough,
Pentecost's successor in that demesne. The Earl himself was son of Osbern,
the Seneschal who died in the young Duke's bedroom when defending him
against William Montgomery — a service the Conqueror always had in re-
membrance, making the Seneschal's son his warmest friend and companion
for hfe.

Richard's Castle itself was located in the centre of a dense forest. " Of
his land, much of it was and is waste," — so affirms the entry — " It lies in
the March of Wales. In these waste lands have grown up woods, in which the