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Humphry=Edith, d. of Sir Geo. Gierke.
(i)ELizABETH.d.=CHARLES=(2) HoN. Anne Brydges-=(3) BRIDGET, d. of Andrew Hacket,
ofWyndham I d. of James widow of Morgan of Aberharris
of Din ton Lord Chandos.


John-Mary, d. of Sir Francis Dashwood, Bart. Anne.

Charles— Anne, d. of Rev. John Levett, by Catherine, d. of Charles Walcni.
of Walcot and I

Bitterley. I


Rev. John=Sarah, d. of Sir John Dashwood, Bart. William— . . .

of Bitterley. I

Rev. Thomas= Anne, d. of William Walcot (ist cousin).
of Bitterley. |

I ' I

JoiiN=d. of Sir Tnomas Phillips. William H.= J. E. Burton.



Owen Walcot, C.B.=Charlotte Halliwell. Mary=Rev. J. R. Burton.


Cathehini£=Rev. C. E. Blencowe. John C. P.^Catherine Hallivvell. Louisa = Rev. Canon


The ancient .irnis of Walcot of Walcot and Bitterley were Arg. on a cross flory az. 5 flenrs dc
Ivs at •, but in a pedigree temp. Elizabeth, the follow^ing incident affecting the original Ci)at is placed on
record. " This J ohn Walcot, plainge at the chese with Henry fift King of England, gave him matte
with the rooke. whereupon the King gave him the rooke for his coat of arms in place of the cross
with lilies." [Vide Harl. MSS., 1396, fol. .J29, 3, Hen. V.]


given in " WUliams' Herefordshire Members "- -a volume which includes the
M.P.'s for Leominster, Weobley, Bromyard, as well as for the City and
County of Hereford.

His marriage must have taken place prior to 1394, as in an escheat dated

3, Hen. v., 20th October, 1415, Thomas Wretton — or as Robinson gives it,
Whitton — with other trustees granted to Edmund, son of Richard Cornewayle,
and to Alice his (ist) wife, half the Manor of Norton, Co. Northampton, to hold
by said Edmund and Alice in tail ; remainder to said Richard in fee ; while

4, Hen. v., 2nd June, 1416, Ricardus de Cornewalye, Armiger, Dominus de
lioreford, ratifies the said grant.

In 1429 (7 Hen. VI.), 5th November, Richard Cornewayle of Boreford
appoints Rickling and Fox his attorneys. This document is scaled with the
CornewaU arms, but with a bordure engrailed — as also was the coat of his
illustrious cousin and contemporary, Lord Fanhope.

In 1429 (7 King Hen. VI.) — Thursday next after the Feast of St. Gregory
the Pope, Edmund son of Richard Cornewalle, and Elizabeth his (2nd) wife,
daughter of Thomas Barre the younger deceased, appointed certain attorneys
to receive seizin of the Manor of Cornewaile Ever, Bucks. Here in this seal
the bordure was not engrailed, being the CornewaU arms with a label of 3
points. Legend S., Edmund Cornewayle, Esquire.

And of the same date and seal a similar power of attorney for the Manor
of Norton, etc., Co. Northampton. Another escheat, dated Wednesday next
after the Feast of St. Valentine, 1432, delivers seizin of the Manor of Corne-
waU, Ever. In 13, Hen. VI, 1435, Thursday after the Invention of the Cross,
viz. : May 3rd, Edmund Cornewayle de Burford, Armiger, and Elizabeth his
wife grant a power of Attorney. Seal the same arms, but without the label,
and no legend. Two birds — Cornish Choughs — in place of supporters. Crest —
A demi-man holding a sword in bend.

Richard CornewaU* died January loth, 21, Hen. VI. (1443), being as wiU
appear, succeeded by his grandson (vide infra), the elder son of the above

* We are here following Baker, alike as regards the marriage of Richard and of his father
Geoffrey. Robinson, however, who is followed by Judge Bayley and Dr. Marshall, gives the
descent thus : —

Sir Geoffkey=Ceciua . . . who re-married Ingelram De Couci, Earl of

I Bedford, and died July 20, 1370.


Sir Bryan=1L\iilda Richard =Ceciua, dau. of Sir John Scvmour.


Edmund=(i) Alice, daughter of Sir John Merbury.



Edmund, who had married first Alice, said by some to be daughter of Sir
John Merbury, of Weobley, M.P. for Herefordshire, 1419-1427. This lady,
as has been shown, was living in 1417 (Vincents MS. vol. VII., Heralds
College) but died in that year without issue. The Merbury family were
originally of Lyonshall. There is a recumbent effigy to John and Agnes
Merbury in the north aisle of Weobley Church* — Vide "Weobley and the
Timber Houses," by George Marshall in " Memorials of old Herefordshire,"
and " Robinson's Castles of Herefordshire." Arms of Merbury : Sa. a
cross engrailed between 4 passion-naUs arg.

The second wife of Edmund Comewall was Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas
Barre, or De la Barre, the younger, a family of antiquity whose name sur-
vives in Barr's Court, the site of the Hereford Railway Station, and in the
recently extinct family of De la Barre Bodenham of Rotherwas, one of the
great mansions of the shire. The following is an excerpt from the magnifi-
cently emblazoned pedigree of De la Barre and Bodenham in the possession
of Count Bodenham-Lubienski, of BuUingham and Rotherwas : —

De La Barre.
Arms — Gu. 3 bars paly of six arg. and sa.
Walter de la Barre= . . .
of Barr's Court, Hereford, I
died 31 Ed. I. [1302-3.] I

Thomas de la Barre=Isaeella, buried in St. Ethelbert's, Hereford, 1338.

of Barr's Court |

Walter de la B.arre— Elizabeth, d. of

son andlieir, M.P.
for Hereford, 1336,
died V. p.

Sir ]ohn=Isa

Bodenham, of
Dewcfiurch. He
liad married first
Margaret, d.
Jofin Ragon,
Lord of
and Cheniston
Co. Hereford.


Sir Peter Clan-
nock, one of
the co-heirs of
Thomas Clan-
vowe. She mar-
ried (2) Sir

I John Poines. Knt.

ella=Walter Coylein,
died s.p.

Canon of
died 1385.

Tho.mas de la Barre=Hawise, d. of Sir

of Todington, M.P.
for Hereford, 1355,
buried with his wife
in Todington, 1385.

Richard Pem-

bridge, Knight
of Clehonger,
sister and co-
heir of John

Sir Thom.\s de la Barrel
Knight, M.P. for Hereford.
13S6 and 1402, died 20
Hen. VI. [1441-2].

vidow of Richard

Sir John de— (i) Ido.mea, d.
la Barre, I and heir of

Knt., M.P.
for Hereford I
1447. Died
2 Rich. ni.

(1484-5]- 1

= (2) Joan,
widow of


co-heir of I de la
her niece. Bere
m.(2)... I
Catesby. I

co-heir of I Cor.ne-
her niece. I wall.

Ankaret— Joh.v
co-heir of . Hanmer
her niece. '

of Houghton

Richard de la Bere.

* In the Exchequer Grants. 5 Hen. IV., is one of £10 to John Merbury, for good service,
and because he married Alice Oldecastel. This lady was a widow, her first husband having been
Thomas Oldecastell, by whom she had a son, Richard, who inherited her Manor of Eton.



(I) I (2)

Humphry Stafford=Isabella = Sir Thomas Bourchier, 5th son of Henry, Earl of Essex, by
born 1439, son and d. and heir. Isabel, sister of the Duke of York, father of King Edw. IV.,

heir of WilUam Died s.p. and daughter of Rich.ard Plantagenet, Earl of Cambridge,

Stafford of Hook, March i, by Anne, d. of Roger Mortimer, Earl of March. He was

and of Suthwyke, 1488-9, buried at Ware, 1491.

in N. Bradley, M.I. Ware

Wilts, by Katherine, Church.

d. and co-heir ot Sir John Chidiock, Knight. He was aged ten and over at his father's death,
June i8th, 1450, was summoned as Lord Stafford de Suthwyke, from July 26th, 1461, to February
2Sth, 1462-3, and was then created by patent Baron Stafford of Suthwyke to him and the heirs male
of his body, .April 24th, 1464, and was further created, May 17th, 1469, Earl of Devon, with Uke
remainder. He was beheaded, August 17th, 1469, at Bridgewater, having been Earl for 3 months
only. Buried at Glastonbury Abbey, having died s.p., when all his honours expired.

At Bullingham Manor in the possession of Count Bodenham Lubienski, heir by bequest
of Mrs. DelaBarre Bodenham, nee Lubienski, is a portrait of King Henry IV. originally at Hampton
Court. It is painted on panel, and measures 22 by 18 inches. An inscription which obhterates
part of both arms, and is obviously of later date, runs thus : " Henry the fourth. King of England,
who layd the first stone of this house and left this picture in it when he gave it to Lentall. who sold
it to Comewall of Burford, whoe sold it to the ancestor of the Lord Coningsby in the reign of Henrv
the 6th."

This is incorrect, for Thomas Comewall did not purchase Hampton Court.

The De la Barre pedigree is verified further by the Deed of Foundation of St. Anne's
Charity, Clehonger, by Sir John De la Barre [vide Robinson's " Mansions and Manors of Hereford-
shire," under Clehonger,]

Sir Richard Pembruge=Petronilla.

Sir Richard Pembruge, K.G.=
Mont., S. Transept, Hereford I
Cathedr al, d. 1375. I

Henry, d. s.p. 1375.

Sir Thomas Barre=Elizabeth (called Hawise
in the Bullingham

Sir Thomas Barre =.Alesia, widow of Richard De la Mare= Richard Delamare.
Knt., junior.

Thomas Delamare

Joan, wife of Kynard

Akkaret, wife of

John Hanmer.


Sir John Barre=Edonia, d. and Elizabeth=Edmund Cornewall.
Knt., founded a heir of John
charity at Cle- Hotoft.
honger, Feb. 15. 1 =(2)Joan, widow
13 Ed. IV., — I of Robert

1473. I Greyndour.

Humphry=Isabei.la=Sir Thomas Bourchier, son of Henry,
Stafford s.p. Earl of Essex (2nd husband).

Earl of

Further, the Pembridge pedigree shows how the De la Barres came to Clehonger ;
Ralph de Pembridge of Pembridge Castle and Newland= . . .
circa 1200, was not living in 1 219. |

i '~~

Henry, 1219, of Newland and Clehonger= . . .

Henry of Newland and Clehonger, 13 Ed. I., 1284-5 =


Richard, founded a Chantry in Clehonger=PETRONiLLA,

died ante 1346. | living 1336.

Sir Richard, K.G.= . . . daughter=BuRLEY.
In France with Ed. III., 1346. I |

d. July 26, 1373. Sir Richard Burley,

Mont. Hereford Cathedral. | inherited Newland.

Henry, died 1375, s.p.


Sir Thomas Barre.
inherited Clehonger.


According to a legend cited by Philipot, Edmund was compelled to flee
the realm in consequence of having slain two of the Whitneys ; but the more
probable account is that in order to purge his offence he undertook a pilgrimage
to the Holy Land. Whatever may be the true version, he died at Cologne,
apparently on his homeward journey, in the 14th Hen. VI. (1436), and in the
lifetime of his father. Following his last instructions, his Esquire buried his
body at Cologne, but brought his heart to Burford, where, encased in a
leaden casket, it was deposited under an arch in the Chancel of Burford
Church — a reverent nostalgia which gives evidence of the profound attachment
of the earlier Cornewalls for the proud ancestral demesne of their illustrious

Blakeway informed the late General Cornwall that the heart of Sir
Edmund remained in situ up to 1819, when it disappeared. This, if accurate,
would seem to have been coincident with the sale of the Barons' armour,
suspended at the West end of Burford Church, by the Churchwardens. But
the tomb itself had been tampered with much earlier, and was scarcely em-
bellished by the following doggerel epitaph : —

O Lord, my contrite heart and meek
Do not refuse, I Thee besek.

The monument as renewed by Sir Thomas Cornewall, Baron of Burford,
1630, is thus described by Gough : — " Under a sharp pointed arch in the south
wall of the Choir (sc. of Burford Church) is a stone seat with round holes cut
in the stone, and in one of these three fragments of a leaden case about three
inches long which once enclosed a human heart." Within the arch (below the
couplet), " Here lyeth the Heart of Edmonde Cornewayle, sonne and Heyre
unto Syr Richard Cornewayle, of Burford, K'nt, who traveUing to know forraine
countries, died at Colenne, the XlVth year of Hen. VL, and willed his servant
to bring his body there, and enclose his heart in lead and carry it to Burford
to be buried." His wife Elizabeth must have lived to a great age, inasmuch
as the Patent Rolls, 1474, contain this — " Edmund CornewaUe and Elizabeth,
uxor., Ucense for John Barre, Knight, his heirs and exors. to found a chantry
in the Church of Clehungher (Clehonger). His wife had been Joan, wife of Robert
Greyndoure, Esquire. Thomas Bourchier, Knight, had ux. : Isabel, Countess
of Devon, daughter of John Barre and Edonia, his (first) wife. Edonia,
late wife of John Barre was heir of John Hotofte, etc."


By Elizabeth De la Barre, his second wife, Edmund had Thomas, Otis,
Richard, and Eleanor. Otis is stated to have been Mayor of Hereford in 1467,
but this appears to be uncertain. He was M.P. for that borough in 1459,
and is stated to have left by some one unknown a son, Thomas, who married
Margaret Clifford, and by her had Lawrence, who by Amy, daughter of
Elrond, or Stronder, described as of the North, left William. But this,
though given on the authority of the Visitation, is impossible, inasmuch as
Otis, and his brother Richard, both died s.p.l. The actual descent is set
forth in the Star Chamber proceedings as follows : —


Sir Edward Croft v. Sir Thomas Cornewall. The Manor of
Brymfield, Hereford.

BUI of complaint of Sir Edward Croft, Knight, states that Sir Thomas
Bromwiche and Walter MUls (?) were seised in their demesne as of fee of and
in the manor of Brymfelde, with the appm-tenances in the county of Hereford,
and thereof being seised gave the same manor to Edmund Cornewall and others
to the use of the said Edmund to perform his last will. By this last will
he willed the said manor to Otis and Richard Cornwall, his two yoimger
sons, evenly to be " departed " between them and their heirs with benefit of
survivorship, and with remainders to Elynor Cornewall, daughter of the said
Edmunde, and her heirs, to Richard Cornewall his brother and his heirs, to
Bryan Cornewall his brother and his heirs, to Thomas Cornewall his son and
heir, and his heirs, etc.

After Edmund's death Otis then became possessed of the one moiety of
the said manor, and being thereof seised in fee tail he enfeoffed Sir John
Barre, Knight, and others to the performance of his last will, by which he left
the said moiety to his brother Richard Cornewall and his heirs, with remainders
to Catherine his wife for term of her life, and to " Dame Aliano'," late the wife
of Sir Hugh Mortymer, Knight, and now wife to Richard Crofte, esquire, " my
sister," and her heirs, and to "Edmonde Comewalle, my neveu, son to Thomeis
Cornewall myn eldest broder," and his heirs, etc., " so that the soules of the
said Edmond fader to us and Elizabeth our moder . . . may be prayed

for in witness whereof to theise presente indentures I have put

my seale the .xv. day of January," 8 Edward IV. [a.d. 1468-9].


Afterwards the said Otis died without issue, when his brother Richard
took the profits of the moiety of the manor. And after the said Richard died
without heirs of his body lawfully begotten the said Katherine took the profits
for the term of her life. And after the said Katherine died the said moiety
came to the aforesaid Eleanor by virtue of the wiU aforesaid and she took
the profits during her life, and after her death the use of the said moiety
descended to Sir Edward Crofte, knight, now complainant, her son and heir.

Bill recites the course by which the other moiety of the manor

comes to Sir Edward Crofte, knight Notwithstanding that he,

his mother and uncle by the aforesaid title have taken the profits of the said
manor by the space of eighty years or more, one Sir Thomas Cornewall, knight,

has forcibly entered into possession,

and not only wrongfully keepeth the possession of the said manor, whereof
late your writ of diem claiisit extremum was directed to the escheator of
the said county to enquire what lands the said Eleanor had at the time of

her death, but the said Sir Thomas hath made and unlawful

labour and means to Richard Cornwall, squire, his cousin, made now sheriff of
the said county, and so thoroughly the said Sir Thomas [and] Richard Cornwall
have [worked] that " the true fyndyng of the said office after the dethe of the
said Elyno' is untruly letted."

Eleanor the sister of Thomas, Otis, and Richard, married first. Sir
Hugh Mortimer, of Kyre Wyard (a cadet of the house of Richard's Castle,
whose monument is in Hartley Church, Worcestershire, and whose brother.
Sir John Mortimer, married the Duchess of Suffolk), and secondly Sir Richard
Croft, of Croft Castle, erroneously confused with Sir A. Crofts, of Eldersfield,
near Tewkesbury. She was governess to the young Princes in Ludlow Castle,
and her tomb in Croft Church is one of great beauty. The Gentleman's
Magazine, Nov., 1808, contains the following paragraph : — "The said Edmund
married Elizabeth, the eldest daughter of Thomas Barre, Knight, of Hereford-
shire, by which Ehzabeth the said Edmund had a son named Thomas, and
a daughter Elenor. This Thomas married Elizabeth, daughter and heyre to
Sir Robert LintaU (sic) Knight, of Hampton Court, in Herefordshire, by his
wife Dame Lucy, one of the cousins and heyres unto the last Lord Grey of
Codner, and had issue by her Sir Edmund Cornewall. The daughter named
Elenor was married unto Sir Hugh Mortimer, of Cwyre Ward (sic), by whom
she had one daughter and heyre, who was married unto Sir Thomas Worst


{sic), Knight, ancester to the Lord Delaware, now living, who had by her a
daughter married to Sir Edward Guildford, Knight, who had issue by her
Ann, the most beautiful (sic) lady, wife unto the valiant Duke of Northumber-
land, father and mother t o the noble Ambrose, Earl of Warwick and the
Right excellent Robert, Earl of Leicester, and to the lady Catheryne, wife of
Henry, Lord Hastings, Earl of Huntingdon, and to Lady ]\Iary, wife of Sir
Hem-y Sidney, Knight of the Garter, by whom she had issue. Sir Philip Sidney,
Knight, and Sir Robert Sidney, created Earl of Leycester."

Up to this point in the story of the Barons of Burford we have had to
record both military distinction, and also its corollary in those days — prosperity.

We now approach the point of devolution. Thomas, who succeeded his
grandfather as sixth Baron of Burford, espoused the cause of the Red Rose,
and as was the rule in the Civil wars which distracted the realm throughout the
middle ages, had to suffer for not being on the winning side. We have referred
already to Leland's account of the victory of King Edward IV. over the Lancas-
trians at Northampton, which he ascribes entirely to the defection of Lord Grey
of Ruthyn, who had been bribed with the promise of Ampthill Castle and its
Manors. Leland, and FuUer, who embeUished Leland's legend, make Lord Fan-
hope to have been present in person at the battle. That of course is impossible,
inasmuch as Lord Fanhope was not living in 1459. It seems more probable
that the House of ComewaU was represented by its Baron. The Cornewalls
were allied to, and had received benefits from, the Lancastrian Kings : indeed,
as will appear, Thomas, Baron of Burford, by his marriage became connected
with King Henry IV. Be that as it may, the nemesis which befel this Baron
imphes active partisanship on his part ; he may have been especially favoured
in having escaped Edward the Fourth's gibbets, erected far and wide over the
land ; as it was, his advocacy of the House of Lancaster included him both
in attainder with the seizure of his estates and in imprisonment for hfe.

The date of Thomas Cornewall's birth cannot positively be determined.
His father died in 1435, having had by Elizabeth De la Barre, his second
wife, four children, he being the eldest. The escheat above quoted of 1429
shews that Elizabeth was then his wife — indeed there is evidence she was so
some years earlier — and that the Manor of Cornewall Ever, was settled for
their joint use. Apparently the eldest son was bom prior to this date.


He served as Sheriff of Salop in 1459, and his attainder was dated i,
Edw. IV., 1461. Thus, Rot. Pat., i., Edw. IV., Grant to David Gogh, of
the Castle, Lordship and Manor of Stepulton, in the Marches of Wales, late
belonging to Thomas Cornewaile, Esq.

Again Rot. Pat., 2, Edw. IV., Grant to Richard Croft and his heir male
of the Manor of Burford, Salop, and all hereditaments in Karkedon — Vigorn
— and in Lentwardyn, in The Honour of Wigmore, late belonging to Thomas
Comewayle attainted.*

Again, Rot. Pat., 5, Edw. IV., Grant to John Shirley, of the Royal House-
hold, of the Manors of Norton and Thorpe — Northants — and of Rochford,
Herefordshire, late belonging unto Thomas Cornewaile attained.

Ibid., Grant to Thomas Herbert, of the Manor of King's Nymington,
and other lands in Devon belonging to Thomas Cornewaylej attainted.

By an escheat of the date 5, Edw. IV., Thomas, Baron Burford, was found
to be kinsman and heir of Geoffry, viz : son of Edmund, son of Richard. This
escheat was probably taken in order to ascertain the entirety of the estates
which had been forfeited to the Crown under his attainder. He himself was
at the time a prisoner of State in Ludlow Castle.

In 1467, July 15th, a general pardon was granted to Thomas Cornewayll,
Esq., of all offences whereof he was convicted, by authority of Parhament,
4th November, i, Edw. IV. This by privy seal [Patent Roll, 7, Edw. IV., part i,
m. 10]. This pardon may have been due to the influence of his sister. Lady
Croft. It did not include the restoration of his estates, and on the surface
it mihtates against the statement that he was detained in Ludlow Castle 12
years. But among the deeds and documents catalogued by Sir Thomas
Comewall in 1623, as having been sent to Vincent, No. 14 is an " ExempUfica-
tion of the restitution of Thomas Cornewale, 12, Edw. IV., and his bond of one
thousand marks to save the Bay-lyfe (sic) of Ludlow and others harmless from

• Edward the Fourth's attainder was ratified by Act of Parhament. Hence, probably, the
following duphcate grant from the Patent Roll, 5 Edw. IV., part II., m. 14., e.g.. Grant to the King's
Servant, Richard Croft, the elder, Esquire, and to his heirs male, of the Manor of Burford, etc., in
the King's hands by reason of an Act of Parhament, 4th November, i Edw. IV., and late of Thomas
Cornewall, a rebel.

t In the Cotton MSS. — Claud C, quoting from the Rolls in the Tower, temp. Elizabeth, there
is the following confused descent, e.g., " Thomas Coniewall, son and heir of Edmund Cornewall,
Knight, and Cousm and one of the heirs of Isabella, late Countess of Devon, daughter and heh of Sir
John Barre, viz. : son of said Edmund, son of Thomas, son of Elizabeth, eldest of the three daughters
of Thomas Barre, father of John Barre."


the Duke of York." This would seem to imply that the general pardon above
quoted had not taken effect five years after it was issued. It may have
amounted to no more than a remission of the death penalty for having borne
arms against the King.

Again, there is a Chancery Inquisition — among the list of Inquisitions post
mortem — of the date 5, Edward IV. — 1465. This was taken at Munslow,
Salop, by Hugh Harnage, the King's Escheator, but does not mention the death
of Thomas Cornewall, as is the invariable rule in Inquisitions post mortem.
Being attainted however, Tliomas Cornewall was dead in the eye of the law,
and this Inquisition merely sets forth the fact of his having held the Manor
and Advowson of Burford with lands in Adforton and Leintwardine. A similar
Inquisition of the same date was held at Daventry in regard to the Manors of
Norton and Thorpe.

It will be noted that during a portion of his long captivity in Ludlow
Castle he enjoyed the society of his sister, Lady Croft, who was there with
the young princes. He died before 14, Edw. IV., 1474, in which year his
son and successor in the Barony, Sir Edmund, was restored to the estates
by Act of Parliament.

His wife was Ehzabeth, daughter of Sir Roland Lenthal, Knight, of
Hampton Court, by Lucy one of the co-heirs of the last Lord Grey of Codnor.
This is shown by an inq. p. m., taken at the decease of her husband's grand-
father. Sir Richard Cornewall, 21, Hen. IV. She had by grant of King Henry
VI. a tun of wine annually for life from the Royal cellars, and may possibly
have been co-heiress of the demesne of Hampton Court, whereof the first stone
was laid by King Hen. IV., her grandfather's uncle by marriage [vide infra],
while the spoils of Agincourt, at which Sir Roland was present, enabled

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