Cecil George Savile Foljambe Liverpool.

The house of Cornewall online

. (page 23 of 33)
Online LibraryCecil George Savile Foljambe LiverpoolThe house of Cornewall → online text (page 23 of 33)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

of art altogether unique, not to say eccentric. This monument, painted on
wood, stands on the north side of the Chancel of Burford Church, bearing
the signature of Melchior Salaboss, who was better known by his Italian
designation, Gerardino Milanese. The effigies of Baron Richard and his wife
are here represented larger than life-size, within folding doors, on which are
depicted representations of the twelve Apostles, f As originally constructed
by Salaboss the Apostles were on the inside, but the doors have been reversed,
and instead the Apostles alone are now visible, while within, four panels in-
tended evidently to meet the eye, can only be seen at present by opening
the doors. These panels are painted with coats of arms. [See Appendix.]

Two inscriptions adorne the frieze of the frame : —

(i) Here lyeth Richarde Cornewayll, Esquier, and Jenet his wife ;
which Richarde was sonne and heire to Sir Thomas Cornewayll, of Burford,
K'nt ; which Jenet was doghter and heire unto He'ry Woga', Esqre, and
Katherin his wyfe, one of the heires of David Matheu, of Rhaidre, by his wyfe,
which was heire to Viell of Tortworth, which He'ry was son and hayre to Sir
John Wogan, of Wiston, K'nt. Rich, died Ao- Do- 1568,! aet 75. Jenet died
Ao- D°- 1547, set 40.

(2) Here lyeth Edmonde Cornewayll, son and heyre to Richard Cornewayll
and Jenet his wyfe, who being never marryed died wythoute issue in the yere

* The following entry in the Burford Register follows immediately the first entry in the
Vki ume, viz., 1567, the marriage of James Warnecombe to Mary Cornewall; e.g., 1569 — Buryed
R hard Cornewaill, Esquior, the nineth day of June.

t As given by Salaboss the order of the Apostles was as follows : (i) St. Matthew, (2) St. Mark.
(3) St. Peter, (4) St. Paul, (5) St. Philip, (6) St. James, (7) St. Luke, (8) St. John, (9) St. Andrew,
(10) St. Thomas, (11) St. Bartholomew, (12) St. Simon.

% This date, as is shown by the Burford Register, should be 1579.


1/1 >^ ~


P.3 o


Gate, Esq.


" .h S >- S ^ !;

•Ol/) .■« c8 OJ "

2 o ° V "-s
2i- H >2 o S

U30i-1 HO

O Q 'f ■§ 'S "^"^ '^

II l^-H^

fe S a
-■* m M

a •< rt

^ o-o ^ o g


c &0

; 3 £ <" •■ ^- o g .

' X c <u ?r, ^ flj

■ "3 a

I ^-H 00

H _^ g-

"O a !> 2 Q-

aP^ i§ So-


a -as

>. . o a

M m 5

"^fe S > >"
«> g og

-.3 °




■3 >>a












°J3 «
■O -*-' -j^

i ^-a






raw's 6 42o-,

■a g> S (i,ai o.^-o
S • ^ S a ^^5 o>

^- w g-.g. . s^o s

M M ►-■ a _g .S .Q 0; "iS
a P S,-" a „ fi

^ .c § a^ o'sfj

•a— o o H a u

■n ^ "^ _2 JTr ^ ^ ,-

^'^ . IS n jq o .
• 0.2-5 S'^g

•So CO .q^J;6-3"^g-;:i
^ te " -a ^ ° !>.H g

Oi ^-^ § a.
o'i-2'S 5

a R ™ 2 T.

-o.g o (u §
g = tL, a.a

iS -i-^ o.











V. .n











1 "3


25 -u

* -a




•ti V




ra o I >«_; S ui a

-.a LOSS'S sg

>^ M>,^Hg„

a ■ u SS " o v'Z

"il r-Sa-H-a a

-a g o a s a

ma I •ooiHS'g


of his age 50, in the yere of Our Lord 1585,* leavi'g his lands and goods u'to
his well-beloved brother Thomas Cornewayll, now livinge, who hath caused
this monume't to be made for the memory of his worshippful pare'ts, and
most lou'nge brother in the yere of Our Lord 1587.!

Although according to modern ideas the figures of Apostles may form a
more appropriate embelhshment of a Chancel than the legend of ancestry
embodied in heraldic devices, none the less coat armour has always been held
to be permissible in monumental decoration. Salaboss, who was not a Pro-
testant, placed his Apostles inside as guardians of the deceased, and therefore
it was nothing short of a well intentioned error in taste to convert ancestral
shields into patrons. The doors should be re-reversed, and the monument
restored to its original condition.

On the Triptych above the Apostles is, inscribed, doubtless by a later hand,
" Regard not these pictures, but follow the Lord, as did the Apostles in lyffe
and in word."

Under the Apostles : —

Syth death so certain ys and shoer.
And so uncertain ys the houer.
Regard the concell whych I gyve,
Lyve well to dye, dye well to lyve.

For as you are, so once was I,
And as I am, so shall you be,
Altho that ye be fayre and younge,
Wyse, welthy, hardy, stout and stronge.

Your debt you shall to nature pay,
ThejTcfore thynke on the latter day.
And pray to God that He may send
You grace to make a godly end.

* The foUowng is the entry in the Burford Register, 1585. Buryed the worthy man Edmunde
Cornewaile. Esquior, Baron of Burforde, tne xvith daye of Julye.

t The almost total eUsion of the letter " N " in these inscriptions may have been an
idios>T3crasy of Melchior Silaboss, but seems suggestive of Spanish rather than of Itahan, as also the
name Melchior. We note also that he employs the letter " U " as a substitute both for " V " and
for "W."


O Lord our sowles receave,
And ek our sinns forgjrve,
With joye this world we leave,
And hope with Thee to lyve,

Through Chryst Our Lord. Amen.*

By Jenet Wogan Baron Richard had (i) Edmund, his successor, (3) Thomas,
who succeeded Edmund (3) Mary, who married James Warnecombe of Hereford,
(4) Anne, who married Francis Walsh, of Shelsley Walsh in the County of
Worcester. It is noteworthy that whereas he is the first Comewall in what
was then the novel Parish Register, his title was not given him, his son being
nevertheless entered as Baron.

The epitaph on his elder son, Edmund, the tenth Baron, gives a very im-
perfect presentment of the man, around whom rapidly aggregated a series
of legends. He was bom in 1537, and had livery of his father's lands, 12 Eliz.,
1569. Jones in his " Index " erroneously calls him Edward, thus contra-
dicting the testimony of the monument above quoted. In consequence of
his height and strength he obtained the name of the Stout Baron. Nash —
" History of Worcestershire," Blakeway — " Sheriffs of Salop," and Gough —
" Sepulchral Monuments," all narrate instances of his power, whereof not a
few are absurdly apocryphal e.g., that he lifted a waggon loaded wdth hay on
Burford Bridge and landed it into the Teme, and that he could walk from
Burford to Tenbury — two miles — in three strides, the last reaching the Castle
Tump. But that he was a giant may fairly be inferred from his walking stick.
The late Rev. J. Wayland Joyce, Vicar of Burford, wrote concerning this
huge weapon : — " The walking stick of Edmund CornewaU, called ' The Great
Baron ' (this is incorrect), who died in 1585, is at this moment in the possession
of a friend of mine in this neighbourhood. The enormous stature of Edmund
Comewall may be learned from the fact that the hook of that stick reaches
almost to my shoulders. That height will designate tfie position of his waist.
Report here says that he was seven feet four inches high, and this report is

• Aa equally simple, yet finer specimen of contemporary verse is engraved on one of the ancient
bells in Burford Church, e.g. : —

At service time I sound.
And at the death of men ;
To serve your God and well to die,
Remember then."
Lines suggesting somewhat the reflective vein of George Herbert. [Refer to Pettigrew's
" Chronicles of the Tombs.")


lortified by the fact that this is the exact length of his recumbent figure as
depicted on the triptych at the north side of the altar here. The figure is
believed to be the exact representation of his mortal size."

Another and possibly more accurate account, given by Miss Isabel Corn-
wall, makes this monster staff to have hung from his girdle, being in length
5 feet, in weight 8 lbs., and constructed of wood and iron. On the head are
inserted the letters " E. C," and for motto, " In my defence God me defend ! "
Engraven also — probably at a later date— are the letters " H. B."* This curio
is stated to be now in the possession of Mr. Wheler, of Newnham Court. The
recumbent eflBgy of Baron Edmund is in solid oak. Gazing upon his gigantic
proportions we can well believe that the legend of his having flung a man
bodily over the park pales of Burford Castle is no romance.

He served as Sheriff for Salop, 1579. In the High Legh pedigree another
sample of local doggrel appears.

In hawks and hounds he took dehght.
And eke in temed wayne.
Both horse and man for service fit,
He likewise did maintain.

In spite of these preferences which must have cost money, we find him
enlarging the area of The Barons' Estates by the purchase of the Manor of
Tenbury, from one HaU of Henwick by Worcester. This purchase included
a Manor House, said to have been situate in the grormds of the present Court,
and with that a Dower House in Cross Street. In this there remains an alcove
cupboard painted in the style of the memorial triptych in Burford Church,
and possibly by Melcliior Salaboss. Yet another mansion in Tenbury owned
by the CornewaUs was styled Plantagenet House. This was demolished about
a century ago. These residences wiU account for the Cornewall entries in the
Tenbury Registers. While thus proving a benefactor to his family, Baron
Edmund further displayed a public spirit in obtaining a licence to widen the
bridge over the Teme at Tenbury. This entirely at his own cost and charges.
Eaing unmarried and childless he was able probably to economise, and it may
be remarked that while an athlete of no common powers, and the idol of the
surrounding country, his tastes were much the reverse of Phihstine or bucoUc.

* Query Barneby ?


Thus Habington, in a vein of genuine admiration : — " He was in mind an
emperor, from which he descended in wit and style so rare to comprise in a
few words, and that so clearly, such store of matter as I scarce ever saw any
to equal him, none to excel him. He was mighty of body and very comely,
and exceeded in strength all men of his age. For his own delight he had a
dainty touch on the lute, and of such sweet harmony in his nature, as if ever
he offended, were he never so poor, he was not friend with himself until he
was friend with him again. He led a single life, and before his strength decayed
entered the gate of death." The late Sir F. A. G. Ouseley, whose beautiful
college has added so great a charm to Tenbury, remarked on this testimony
of Habington to Baron Edmund having been a lutenist, that in the Elizabethan
age every gentleman could play an instrument or take part correctly in a
madrigal, while at the present day it is an exception to find men, otherwise
of culture, proficient as instrumentalists, and still more rare to meet with one
capable of singing at sight the intricate parts of the Elizabethan " Triumphs
of Oriana." Baron Edmund was alike splendid man, and gentle gentleman;
neither can the enthusiastic panegyric of Habington be deemed excessive.

Of Edmund Cornewall's sisters, Mary married, July 14th, 1567, at Burford
Church, James Warnecombe, of Ivington. The HarlMSS., 1140, f. 14, mention
that he had been previously married to Eleanor, daughter of . . . Hyatt.
Insomuch as the father of Mary Cornewall is here stated to have been John
— an error iterated by Williams in his " Herefordshire Members " — the
accuracy of the pedigree hes open to doubt. It is thus given : —

Johannes VVarnecombe= . . .


Richard=Anna filia Rici Broomwich.

1 1

Matilda=John Harley. Margaret,
1 ux.
Katiiekine=John Blount. Jacob








of London.

Richard, tertiiis fil duxit

Elizam fil Johis Blount

De Grendon Waryn.


Johannes=-Janam, d. of (i) William=Alicia=(2) Sir Jas. Croft. James=(i) d. of Hyatt.

filethaTes. John Scudamore Wigmoke. =(2) Mary, d. of

John Cornewall
of Burford.

James Warnecombe, husband of Mary Cornewall, was, as stated above,
second son of Richard (M.P. for Hereford City, 1529). With liis brother-in-law.
Sir James Croft, he represented the County of Hereford in 1562. A Barrister


of the Middle Temple ; Recorder of Ludlow, 1550-61 ; M.P. for Leominster,
1536-9 ; for Ludlow, 1554-5 ; and for Hereford City, 1571-83 ; Mayor
of Hereford, 1571 and 1578. In Townsend's History of Leominster, he is
represented as Recorder and Standing Counsel for that borough, and a Member
of its Corporation. A daughter of his, by his first wife, married a Ilarley.

The second daughter of Baron Richard by Jenet Wogan, Anne, married
Francis Walsh of Shelsley Walsh, Worcestershire, heir of John Walsh, by
Alice, daughter of Sir Cliristopher Baynham, Kn't. He died July igth, 1596,
hi? wife having borne him three sons and six daughters, whereof one married
Cornewall of Buckland. M.L given in Nash's " Worcestershire," vol. H., p.
350. (See Genealogist H, 347).

Although his name is omitted from all the pedigrees, it seems far from
impossible that Robert Cornewall (alleged by Blome — " Magna Brittannia,"
to have stolen the hekess of John Bockland, of Bockland— later Buckland
in Docklow — in the reign of Henry VHL) may have been a son of Baron Richard
and Jenet Wogan. His descendants bore the Cornewall arms, and their pedigree
was entered as of Brockhampton at the Visitation of Herefordshire, 1634.
(See Appendix).

At the decease of Edmund Cornewall, July, 1585 [for his Inquisition
post mortem see Appendix], his younger brother Thomas succeded as nth
Baron. He was born not earlier than 1538, and served as Sheriff for
Salop, 1587. He married Katherine, daughter of John Harley,* Esq., of
Brampton Bryan Castle, whose ancestry from the De Bramptons have
already been stated. She had previously married John Cresset, Esq., of
Upton Cresset. To Thomas Cornewall she bore four sons, viz : — (i) Sir
Thomas, (2) Sir Francis, (3) Edward, (4) Rev. Richard. She died, 1623, aged
84, and was buried at Burford, February 17th of that year. He died,
May 2ist, 1615, age, as stated, 81.

The piety of their eldest son accorded his parents a handsome monument
in the Chancel of Burford Church, on the south side of the Altar. He is re-
presented in armour, she in a black costume in the formal style of the Jacobean

* John Harley's grandson. Sir Robert Harley, M.P. for Herefordshire played an important
part in the Civil War, as also his gallant wife, Brilliana, daughter of Viscount Conway, the Minister of
James ist and Charles ist, who was instrumental ia deposing Archbishop Abbot in favour of Laud.
Unhke her father, she was a strong Puritan, and her defence of Brampton Bryan Castle, her
pubUshed letters, and the tragedy of her death, are historic. Mention will be made later on of the
Conway family.


period. Both kneel, vis-d-vis, at a desk, with hands clasped and upraised
in an attitude of prayer, whUe upon the desk on a Tablet are the lines, as
given on page 212 : —

O Lord, our Soules receive,

And eke our sinnes forgive.

With joy this world we leave,

And hope with thee to live.

Through Christ our Lord. Amen.

On the arch above is inscribed : —

" This monument was made by the appointment and charge of Sir Thomas
Cornewall, Knight, in the year of Our Lord God, one thousand six hundred
and thirty."

And beneath it this epitaph : —

" Here lyeth the bodie of Thomas CornewayU, sone of Richard, and
brother of Edmonde Cornewayll,Baron of Burford, who took to wyfe Katherine,
daughter of Sir John Harley, of Brampton Bryan, in the Co. of Hereford,
Esquire, by whom he had issue, four sons, videUcet, Sir Thomas Cornewall,
Sir Francis Cornewall, with Edward and Richard Cornewall. Sir Thomas
the father, died the 21st day of May, 1615, and in the year of his age four
score and one. Katherine died Feb. i6th, 1623, in the year of her age four
score and four."

It will be remarked that Sir Thomas, proprio motu, conferred the honour
of Knighthood alike on his father and on his grandfather Harley, qualifying
the fonner also by mentioning him as " Esquire." A portrait after the manner of
Holbein, and in the costume of the Elizabethan era with ruff and slashed
sleeves was among the collection of family portraits at Delbury Hall, Salop.
This has been erroneously attributed to the above Thomas. Also the portrait
of a lady, whose costume is not quite so distinctive, and may be possibly that
of Catherine Harley or of Anne Lyttelton, the wife of Sir Thomas Cornewall,
the eleventh Baron.

Of the issue of Baron Thomas by Catherine Harley the two elder obtained
distinction. The second son Francis, stated to have been a great benefactor
to Tenbury and to have presented one of the bells to the Church, was Knighted
at Chatham, July 4th, 1604. He married Joyce, heiress of Edward Combes,
Esq., of Wasperton, in Warwickshire, who was buried at Burford, July i6th,


1603. (Harl. Soc. XII., 231.) He also was buried at Burford, July 7th,
1622. By her he had (i) Thomas, who being Serjeant Major in the expedition
to Rhe, was killed there. (2) Richard, who was baptised at Burford, July
8th, 1603. Judge Bayley in error identified him with a Richard Cornewall
apprenticed to the Merchant Taylors' Co., in 1607, and after\vards trans-
ferred to the Haberdashers Co., the entire term of service being reported
in 1615. But first, a child of four years could not have been apprenticed ;
and secondly, in the entry at the Merchant Taylors' Co., this Richard, the
apprentice, is described as son of John Cornewall, lately of Burchard, in
the County of Hereford. Probably this John was one of the Cornewalls
of Buckland (see Appendix) ; (3) Anne married to Anthony Woodhull, of Moll-
ington, in Oxon, who died September ist, 1675, aged 67. She died May 15th,
1678. M.I., Molhngton Church (see Harl. Soc. v. 266.)

The third son of Baron Thomas Cornewall by Katherine Harley was
Edward, who was married, by hcence, August 31st, 1637, at Eastham Church,
Worcestershire, to I\Irs. Mary Hopton.* She is mentioned in the will of her
sister-in-law Anne, nee Lyttelton, widow of Sir Thomas Cornewall as " my
sister, Mrs. Mary Cornewall." He was buried at Burford, September i6th,

The youngest son of Baron Thomas Cornewall by Katherine Harley,
was Rev. Richard Cornewall. Born in 1581, he entered Hart Hall, Oxford,
May 13th, 1598, graduated as B.A. from Oriel College, April 20th, 1602,
and proceeded M.A. from Broadgates Hall (now Pembroke College) May
2oth, 1605. He became Rector of Burford (ist portion) 1608, and was
buried there March 23rd, 1610, dying unmarried and s.p.

The eldest son of this family, Sir Thomas Cornewall, succeeded his father
as twelfth Baron. Perhaps, owing to his prominence at Court, or it may
be on account of a certain natural dignity, he was styled " The Great Baron."
He was bom in 1573 and matriculated, as " arm. fil., at Ch. Ch. Oxford,"
July 24th, 1590. On the nth of May, 1603, he was Knighted at the Charter-
house, being then in attendance on King James I. In the same year he was
sworn servant to the King, and gentleman of the Chamber to Prince Henry,
the elder brother of King Charles I., who entering ilagdalen CoUege, Oxford,

* It is impossible to identify this lady in the genealogical record of the Hopton family by
Miss Madeline Hopton, entitled " Froma Canonica."


was SO charmed with the urbanity of the Demies, as to have addressed them
on leaving as fratres fraterrimi. Sir Thomas must have been a favourite of
that most amiable Prince, inasmuch as he presented him with a jewelled Tablet
containing the likeness of his royal sire. The King himself displayed appre-
ciation more substantially by a grant of lands in Ireland. These he sold to
Davies of Tressaney, in Flintshire. On the decease of James I., Sir Thomas
became gentleman of the Privy Chamber to King Charles I. * We have already
given a prscis of his letter to Vincent, Rouge Croix, wherein he indignantly
repudiated an illegitimate descent from Earl Richard, King of the Romans,
appending by way of proof very many details which have since proved land-
marks in the history of the Cornewall family. Vincent, so Judge Bayley
affirms, on receipt of this counterblast, burnt the pedigree already drawn
up with the assistance of Milles. That may be, in any case no such pedigree
by Vincent remains in the Heralds College, and the only pedigree of his com-
pilation is that at High Legh.

He served as Sheriff for Salop, 1634, and married Anne, daughter of
Sir Gilbert Lyttelton, of Franckley, Worcestershire, Knight, circa 1596. This
alliance gave to his issue a clear descent from John of Gaunt, and the Fair
Maid of Kent, daughter of Edmund of Woodstock ; e.g.

Edward I.=Margaret, daughter of Philip III. of France.

Edmund, of Woodstock =Margaret, daughter of John, Lord Wake.

Joan (the Fair Maid of Kent)=THOMAS Holland, Earl of Kent.

Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent=ALicE, daughter of Richard, Earl of Arundel.

Margaret Holland=Joiin Beaufort, eldestsonofjohnof Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, by Catherine,
I daughter of Sir Payn Roelt.


* In a \'olume of Documents relating to Ludlow by the Hon. R. A. Chve, is an account of
the performance on Nov. 4, 1616, of a drama entitled "The Love of Wales." Among the Lords
Marchers present on that occasion, apparently on business as well as pleasure, were Sir Thomas
Cornewall, described as one of the gentlemen of His Majesty's Privie Chamber, and High Sheriffe
of the County of Salop. Each Lord Marcher received a fee, £6 13s. 41I. (see the Cotton MSS.,
Vitellius, c. i., 156). Howes, in his continuation of Stowe's Chronicle, referring to "The Love of
Wales," and tlic preseucc of the popular and refined Prince Ilciury, writes; "In honour of this
joyfiiU creation there were solcnm Triumphs performed at Ludlow aud jmblishcd by Daniel Powell.
The author of the complimentary Latin verses addres.'^od to the Prince was Humphrey Herbert,
Master of the Free School at Ludlow, the English translation being by Richard Fisher, an Alder-
man of the town. Among those also present were Sir Thomas Ch.imberlayne, Cliief J ustice of
Chester and Attorney-Gener.U of the Welsh Marchers, Sir Robert Harley aud Sir Francis



Edmund I?eaufort=;Alianor, daughter of Richard Bcauchamp, Earl of VVarwiuk.

Anne Beaufort=Sir William Paston.

Anne Paston=Sir Gilbert Talbot, son of the 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury, by EUzabeth, daughter of
I James, Lord Ormonde, by Elizabeth, daughter of Lord Scrope of Bolton.

Elizabeth Talbot=John Lyttelton of Francklcy.

Sir John Lyttelton =Bridget, daughter of Sir John Packington.

Sir Gilbert Lyttelton— Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Humpliry Conyngsby, of Hampton Court.

Anne Lyttelton=Sir Thomas Cornewall, Baron of Burford.

In virtue of the descent of Sir Gilbert Talbot from John of Gaunt, the

Lyttelton family enjoy the privilege of quartering the arms of England with

those of France within a bordure gobony. The name of the family was

originally Westcote, e.g.

Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Thomas de Leettleton=THOMAS Westcote, who assumed his
of Franckley. I wife's patronymic.

Thomas Lyttelton, C.B., Judge of Common Pleas^JoAN, coheir of Sir William Hurley, widow of
(the great lawyer and author). | Sir Philip Chetwynd.

Sir William LYTTELT0N={2ndly) Mary, daughter of William Whittiugton of Pauntley.
John Lyttelton*=Elizabeth Talbot (ut supra).

Sir Thomas CornewaU had hvery of his lands in 1617. He would seem to have
been the first to bear on his seal the motto"La Vie durante," — borrowed from the
rhythm of St. Bernard, or perhaps from " Salutaris Hostia," and he evidently
took a vivid interest in the family whereof he was head. The Burford Register
under date January 12th, 1635-6, contains this entry: " Buried that worthy
man Sir Thomas Cornewall, Baron of Burford." He not only restored the
monuments of his predecessors, which in lapse of time had fallen into decay,
but further erected others, notably to liimself and his wife during their life-

Online LibraryCecil George Savile Foljambe LiverpoolThe house of Cornewall → online text (page 23 of 33)