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fi'om Sept. 8 next and during the minority of heirs, of 2 parts of the lands

of Hamo De Gatton, tenant in chief, except that of the Park of Gatton,

etc., etc.


Norman rule or custom of the period cited by Judge Bayley (vide supra)
may have meant either in base or in true blood. Having regard to the fact
that Sir Edmund and Sir Geoffrey did not succeed to the estates settled on
Sanchia and her heirs, the presumption lies in favour of the former. Moreover,
Sir Edmund is described as " the King's Yeoman," a designation scarcely
applicable to the son of a Prince of the blood royal.

We remark further that Professor Tout, in his article on Earldoms (temp.
Edw. I.) twice speaks of Earl Edmund dying without issue, and refers to the
importance of the lapse of the rich Earldoms of Norfolk and Cornwall to the
Crown (Ad mantis Edwardi mirahiliter devolutis, as says a Chronicle in a vol.
edited for the Rolls series by the late Bishop Stubbs of Oxford).

Reviewing the evidence of the Charters, and admitting that it is so strong
as to be almost conclusive, we remark incidentally some confusion as to the
various manors settled on Sanchia and her heirs, inasmuch as of the total
number three at least were held by Margaret de Clare, Earl Edmund's widow.
This, doubtless, was by license of the Crown during Earl Edmund's lifetime.

The entire problem could only be solved finally by the production of Earl
Edmund's will, since he may have regarded the estates which came to him
under the Charters as having vested in himself.

There remains the question of the legitimate Richard, supposing that Sir
Richard slain at Berwick was illegitimate ; here on the terms of the Charters
Earl Edmund could not have settled any manors on Margaret de Clare, inasmuch
as at his decease they would have reverted to his brother Richard, if living, and
to his heirs. It would appear that one of two things happened, viz., either the
said Richard died prior to 1294, when the settlement was effected on Margaret
de Clare, or that being childless, he resigned his reversionary interest. The
latter seems improbable, hence we are driven to infer that Richard died
prior to 1294 and s.p. Perhaps we may best sum up the entire problem by
leaving it sub judice, with an admission, that the evidence here adduced tells
mostly in favour of the illegitimate theory.



Chapter III.


Sir Edmund de Corne\vall=Elizabeth de Brampton.
(of Kiulet and Thonock), I (b. 1293)

(d- 1354) I


Isabella =SiR Edmund de= Isabella. Bryan=Maud, dau. Peter=Agnes Hanley.

(d. before



(of Thonock)

(d. 1408) (of

s.p. Kinlet),

(d. 1397)

of Lord

(d. 1387) I

Sir Louis=Agnes,

(of Thonock)
d. 1420.

John |

(d. ante 1374.) Sir John= Elizabeth
s.p. (d. 1415) I Wasteneys

dau. of

Dela Bare.

John DE

Isabella=Sir John
I Blount

Elizabeth = Roger Matilda=John Elizaeeth=Sir Wm.

s.p. Corbet s.p. Wode (or Isabel) I Lychfeld


(d. 1453) I d. of W.


Sir Thomas=(i) . . .

(2) Elinor


Sir Richard. Matilda. Joan. Eleanor

SIR Edmund de Cornewall (styled in error by Baker " Sir Bryan") was the
elder of the two sons of Richard de Cornewall by Joan his wife. The
Harl. MSS., 15475, give the following order of descent, viz. : Sir Jefferie ;
Edmund ; Sir Walter. Obviously this must be incorrect, inasmuch as Sir
Walter belonged to the previous generation. Apart from that, the fact of
Sir Edmund having inherited, as heir in tail male, the Manor of Thonock, Lincoln,
bestowed by Edmund, Earl of Cornewall, on his brother, " Richard de Cornubia,"
proves his seniority. Thus, " Anno Domini 1304-5 (33 Edward I.) Qitia
accepinius per Ittquisitioneni quam per vice Comitem nostr. Lincoln fieri fecimtis,
quod Henricus de Munden, Ricardus quondam Rex Alemann ; Edmundus quondam
Comes Cornubice, et Ricardus de Cornubia dudum Domini Manerii de Thunnayke
in Com. predicto, et etiam dilectus Consanguineus noster, Edmundus de Cornubia,
postquam idem Manerium per Mortem predicti Ricardi de Cornubia, patris sui,
ad manus suas jure hsreditario devenit, habuerint in eodem Manerio, viz. : quilibet
eorum suorum libertafes subscriptas, etc. (Vincent, 75, II. Cal. Gen. 672).


This Manor of Thonock is styled in Domesday the " Land of Roger of
Poitou," who was the third son of Roger de Montgomery, and created Earl of
Lancaster. Having espoused the cause of Roger Courthose he forfeited this,
with his other estates, and it was granted by Henry I. to Stephen, Count of
Mortein — afterwards King — who assigned it, under the Honour of Lancaster,
to Roger de Montbegon, a Norman who is recorded to have bestowed lands on
the French Monastery of St. Martin at Seez. Three Rogers de Montbegon
held Thonock, the wife of the third being a Fitzalan.* On the decease, in
1225, of Roger de Montbegon an Inquisition post mortem served Henry de
Munegdene, or Munden, as his right heir. A lawsuit followed and de Munden,
possibly regarding his tenure as insecure, aliened the Manor to Richard, Earl of
Cornwall. In the hundred Rolls, 1273, we find the following : " The Jurors
say that Henry de Munden sold to Richard, Earl of Cornwall, father of Edmund,
the present Earl, the Manor of Thunyak (sic.) worth £20 per annum." They
further reported that the Earl's tenant was Dom. Henry de Perepunt, who had
accepted a bribe of five marks to release a certain felon on bail.

A further proof of Sir Edmund having been the elder of the two brothers,
sons of Richard de Cornubia and Joan, is furnished by the circumstance of
his having been sued for a portion of her dower by Margaret de Clare, widow of
Edmund, Earl of Cornwall. Thus : " Anno Domini 1302-3 (31 Edw. I.)
Patent M. 20 Dorso, Margareta, uxor Edmundi Co. Cornubia, petit dolem suam
versus Edmundum filiiim Ricardi de Cornubia, viz. : tertiam partem majierii de
Esthall (Asthall) et versus Johannam quae fuit uxor didi Ricardi." See also
Patent M. 7, Anno 32, Edw. I., wherein Edmund de Cornubia is styled " Con-
sanguineus Regis."

We are unable to fix the date of Sir Edmund's birth. It could not have
been later than 1282 — probably earlier — inasmuch as in an Inquisition post
mortem held 28 Edw. III., 1355, it was alleged that his son and heir,
Edmund, was then forty years of age. The same Inquisition showed that
he died March 22, 1354, seized of the Manors of Thonock, Lincoln, with
Laughton ; AsthaU, Oxon — held under the Prince of Wales — and Ashton
Stonive, Herefordshire, with Stannage, in the Marches of Wales, held under

* It is not generally known that Walter Fitzalan who died in 1 177, served the ofBce of
Steward to the King of Scotland, founding Paisley Abbey. His descendants assumed the name of
Steward, Scotice Stewart or Stuart. In 1371 Robert Stuart ascended the Throne of Scotland, and
was founder of the ill-starred Stuart dynasty in either Kingdom.



Richard de Mortimer.* In his early days he seems to have served
with the army in Scotland, f for we find, in the account of moneys paid
for the robes of Knights, February 27, 29 Edw. I., (1300), two entries — viz.,
to Edmund de Comubia for his winter robe, by account made with him at
Berwick on Tweed, £2. And again, for his summer robe, by account made at
Lincoln, the same sum. He sat in the ParUament of 1324 as one of the
Knights for Lincolnshire, viz. : for Lindsey.

On January 2, 1304, a grant was made by the King to Edmund de
Comubia, the King's yeoman and kinsman, of the custody during minority of
Maud and Elizabeth, daughters of the late Bryan de Brampton. He married
about 1313-14 Elizabeth, younger of these co-heiresses.

The following Pedigree of De Brampton of Kinlet and Brampton Bryan is
taken from Eyton's " Salop," Vol. ix., p. 244 : —

Pedigree of De Brampton Kinlet and of Brampton Brian.

RiCARDUS, Domesday Lord (under Mortimer) of Kinlet, Brompton, Nene, Wall -Town, and
Pedvvardiiie, Salop ; of Elburglega and Burley, in Heretordshire ; of Waltone, co. Somerset ; of
Grimsby snii Sualiim, co. Line; and of Aldritone, and Sirendone, co- WUts.=

Bernard Fitz Unspac, living in 1074 — 1080 and 1100^1135, succeeded= . . . |

to Kinlet and many of the above estates, probably having married I a daughter and

co-heir of

_^___ I Ricardus.

Brien Unspac, Lord of Kinlet, circa 1157-8=

Brien de Brompton (I)=Margaret, dau. of
occurs 1176-79, dead I Walter Devereux.

Roger de Kinlet occurs
1 193 [tenant to Brian.]


Simon de John de=Matilda de Margery= . . . . de
Brompton, Brompton, i Bkaose. occurs ] Burminge-

deadii7g, occurs 1199. I ham.

s.p. & v.p. circa y\

1179, Uv-

ing 1221. I

Jordan de=Amice.
Alneto, I
occurs I
1221. A

four other
daurs., un-

Brian de Brompton (II.)=Auce, dau. and co-heir of Margery de=HoghdeTurbervili.

mar. circa 1214-15, died curca
1262. Will dated 27 Nov.,
1262, mentions his ancestors
customarily buried in Priory
Ch., Gt. Malvern.

Walter de Neufmesnil of
Idbury (Oxf.). by Sara,
his wife.

occurs 1199-

occurs circa 1200.

John de Turbervill,=
occurs as a Knight, |
Oct., 1262. A

* He is further stated to have held the Manors of Idbury and Foxcote, and the Sub-Manor
of Langley under Wychwood, Oxon.

t The following entry is from the Liber qtioiidianus Garderobc anno regni, Edw. I. 28 — A.D.

Vadia BaHstanonim servientium ad arma, scuti/crorum, etc. :

De Comubia. Edmundo de Comubia pro vadiis suts ei duorum sociorum scutiferorum, etc.,
£3 6s. od.



Henry de
occurs 1233,
d.v.p. & s.p.

Brian de Brompton (III.)=Emm.v, daughter of

occurs 1262 and
died circa 1287. Will
dated Sunday, 27 July,
12S7, to be buried in
Chapel ol B.V.M. in the
Monastery of Wigmore,
near the tomb of his
mother, Alice.

Thomas Corbet,
of Caus, died circa August, 12S4. Will dated at
Brompton, i Aug., 1284 ; will sealed with a seal
with two coats, viz., 2 lions passant, Brompton.
2 lions passant. A label of 3 points over all.
=Sara, 2nd wife survived her husband.

Sir Walter de Brompton =J can. Lady of
occurs 12S7 and 1289. | Ewelly, liv-
Died in 1292. j ing 1293.

John de Brompton
died 1300 s.p.

Hugh de Brompton,
a Friar, occurs 1287.

Sir Brian de Brompton (IV.) called Junior in 1277, occurs at Kinlet=
1284; pays reUef 1293-4 ; died Dec, 1294. Writ of diem clausit
e.xtremum issued by Edward I., 28th December, 1294, owing to
his holding 20 acres of the King in capite : Inq ; p.m., Salop, 28th
Feb., 1294-5.

Robert Harley,=Margaret de

eldest son of Su:
Richard Harley
1308-9 ; writ of
Edw. n. gives
him and his wife
full seizin of the
Manors of Brom-
ton, Hamlet of
Weston, Manor
of Bucton, 33s.
rent in Stowe.all
in the Marches of
Wales, certain
lands in Kinlet,
Salop, and in
Ashton, Here-
fordshire, Rot.
claus 2, E. II.,
m. 10.

eld.dau. and
co-heir, born
27th Oct.,

Edmund de Cornwall=
eldest son of Richard de
Cornwall, son of Rich,,
King of the Romans.
He was in right of his
wife (finding 1316) joint
lord of Ashton, co.
Hereford, Idbury and
Foxcote, &c., CO. Ox.,
and Kinlet, held of Mor-
timer. He did hom-
age to Ed. II., 7th Dec.
1309, for her property.
Ed. II called her his
beloved cousin. Ed. I.
before 1300 gave him
the custody of all or
greater part of lands
of Brian de Brampton
tiU the 2 co-heirs came
of age. He was in con-
sequence compelled in
1300 to levyscutage on
the tenants of these
estates for the army in

Note by Eyton.
CoUins says (Peerage Vol.
iv., 232) : Brian de
Brompton, died 19th
May, 1293 ; but this is
impossible, as his
youngest daughter was

born 19 months after.


Elizabeth de Brompton,
baptised Dec. 12th, 1295,
Survived her husband,
and was buried at Bur-
ford. Arms, two lions
passant and a lion ram-
pant, crowned, within
a bordure engrailed
bezantee, impaUng two
lions passant. N.B. —
The lions in the Bromp-
ton coat are almost
St at ant.

The above pedigree by Eyton is more reliable than the one at the Heralds
CoUege, " Philipot, 16 — 102 — 17b," or that in Harleian MSS., 1545, fo. 25.

The main differences between the above and the other pedigrees are as
follows : — A Sir Bryan de Brampton, who married Maud, heir of Sir John St.
Valerie, is said to have been son and heir of Bryan, son of Bernard de Brampton.
Then another Bryan de Brampton is inserted as heir of the Bryan who married
Alice Neufmesnil, and is said to have married Alice, daughter and co-heir oi


Walter de Remevyle, Lord of Bottley and Candover, Hants. He is made the
father of Sir Bryan, who married Emma, daughter of Thomas Corbet of Cans.
Again the descent is appended of the De Braose family from Bernard
Newmarch and his daughter Sybil, who married Walter, 2nd Earl of Hereford ;
and also from Gilbert de Clare, WiUiam Marshall, who married Isabel de
Clare, and their daughter Eva, who married William de Braose, Lord of Breck-
nock, father of Maud, wife of John de Brampton.

It will be noted that in the inquisition on Beatrice, widow of Thomas
Corbet, of Caus, the ages of Margaret Harley and Elizabeth De CornewaU are
given respectively as 46 and 42. Inasmuch as Beatrice died 1347 this is
impossible, for the father of these ladies died in 1294.*

Brampton Bryan Castle, a stronghold destined to be defended for the
Parliament by BrUliana, Lady Harley, daughter of Viscount Conway, James ist
Minister, and wife of the lineal descendant of the senior co-heiress of Sir Bryan
de Brampton, was probably built by the Harleys. For her portion Elizabeth,
the junior co-heiress, received the Manors of Kinlet, Worthen, Overgorther,
Bachaltre, with other lands in Salop (see Eyton's Antiquities of Salop, Vol. IV.,

* The following Chancery Inquisition post mortem, 3 Edw. II., No. 72, gives the date of
Elizabeth de Brampton's birth.

" Hereford. Proof of age of Ehzabeth, second daughter and other heir of Bryan de Brampton,
deceased, made at Aystou (Ashton Stonive) before the Escheator of the Lord King on Wednesday,
the morrow of St. Martin, in the third year of our Lord King Edward [1309) by the oaths of the
underwriters :

John de Mickleton, aged 45 years, sworn and examined, says, that the said Elizabeth was bom
at Ayston and baptised in the Church of the same town, and was aged 14 years on the Wednesday
next after the Feast of S. Nicholas last past, and this he knows because the same John is godfather
of said Ehzabeth, and carried her to the font.

Hugh de Carswell, aged 50 years, says, that said Elizabeth was aged 14 years on the Wednesday
next after the Feast of St. Nicholas, and this he knows, because on the same Wednesday the same
Hugh married his wife and saw said Ehzabeth at the door of the Church in baptism.

Adam Julyan, aged 60 years, says, that the said Ehzabeth was aged 14 years on the Wednesday
next after the Feast of St. Nicholas, and this he knows because the mother of him, the said ."Vdam,
was buried on the same day, in the Cemetery of the Church of Ayston, and in returning from Church
he met on the way the Godparents carrying the said Elizabeth to be baptized.

John Hasand, aged 40, agreed as to day and years and places with aforesaid jurors, and this
he knows because Phihp, his father on the same day enfeoSed him of all his lands in Ayston.

Henry de Comwaille, aged 55. agreed with aforesaid jurors. This he knows because the same
Henry had a daughter who was baptized on the same Wednesday, in the Church of .A-yston.

Adam Osbern, aged 60, agreed also, because the same .4dam was building a room within
his place, which is next to the Manor of said Bryan, father of said Elizabeth, and in building heard
her, Ehzabeth, crving.

William de Fraxino at that time was houseservant with said Bryan, and saw said Ehzabeth
lying in a cradle in the room of her nurse.

Richard Faber, aged 60, knows the day etc. : because one William Drayton, then in his
household, was killed at Ayston, and in following the felon he saw said Elizabeth at the door of the
Church in baptism. Other witnesses testified hkewise."

Ehzabeth de Brampton therefore was baptized Dec. 12, 1295.

For the inquisition post mortem of her father, Bryan, see .Appendix.

It is impossible to identify the above Henry de Comewaille, who must have been born in 1254,
and may have been one of the numerous illegitimate children of Earl Richard. His name occurs
in the JISS. p. m. of Bryan de Brampton as one of the jurors.


pp. 244-254). In Rot. Origin., 21 Edw. III., Salop, " The King having ascer-
tained by Inquisition that Peter Corbet* lately held the Manors of Cans, Minster-
ley, etc., in chief, by 2 Knights fees, and that Ralph de Stafford as to one
moiety, Margaret wife of Robert Harley and EHzabeth wife of Edmund de
ComewaU, as to the other moiety, etc., — to be equally divided. They are his
cousins and he has received their fealty." This was because Sir Bryan
de Brampton the elder had married Emma, daughter of Thomas Corbet
(ob. 1274) by Isabel, variously stated to have been sister and daughter
of Reginald de Valletort,t and widow of Alan de Dunstanville. She was
one of the co-heiresses of her nephew, Peter Corbet, whose \vife was Beatrice,
daughter of John, first Lord Beauchamp of Hache. By her Sir Bryan de
Brampton the elder, had Walter, father of Sir Bryan de Brampton the younger,
whose elder daughter, Margaret, by Robert Harley, had two sons, (i) Sir
Robert Harley of Willey, who married Joan, daughter of Robert, and by her
had an only child Alice, wife of Hamon de Peshall — their daughter Elizabeth
married Sir Richard Lacon of Willey ; and (2) Sir Bryan Harley of Brampton
Bryan, who married Eleanor, daughter of Roger Corbet. Their son, Bryan,
married Isolde, daughter of Sir Ralph Lingen, and by her had Richard, ob. s.p.,
Geoffrey, who married, first Joan, daughter of John ap Harry, by whom he had
a daughter, and secondly, Joan, daughter of Sir John Burleigh. Their son.
Sir John Harley was Knighted on Tewkesbury field, May, 1471. His wife
was Jane, daughter of John Hacluyt of Eyton, and by her he had Richard,
who by Catherine, daughter of Sir Thomas Vaughan of Tretower, had a son
John. This John married as his first wife Anne, daughter of Sir Edward
Crofts of Eldersfield, and by her had as son and successor, another John,
whose wife was Maude, daughter of Richard and sister and co-heir of James
Wamecombe. Their daughter, Catherine, married, first John Cressett of Upton
Cressett, and secondly, Thomas Cornewall, Baron of Burford, of whom anon.
It may be added further, that the above-mentioned Thomas Corbet was one of
the Lords Marchers, temp. Hen. III., and that his son, Peter, was found by
Inq. p. mortem, 27 Edw. I., to be one of the next heirs of Roger de Valletort.
His daughter AUce married Robert de Stafford, who thus obtained a moiety
of the Corbet estates.

* See Chapter II.

t The fact of El'zabeth de Brampton's grandmother having been Isabel de Valletort, and
Peter Corbet {vide supra — chapter ii.) having been one of the coheirs of the De Valletort estatPS,
tells somewhat in favour of the illegitimate descent of her husband, Sir Edmund de Cornwall ; but
the association with the de Valletorts may have been no more than coincidence.


Sir Edmund de Comewall must have been a good son, for we find in the
Cotton MSS. (Julius 7, folio 233) that he granted to his mother, the Lady
Johanna, a messuage in Asthall* in return for a red rose to be rendered on the
Feast of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist. Dated the Feast of the B.V.M.,
loEdw. III. Seal, a Uon rampant on a bar, 3 bezants. Legend — S. Edmundide
Cornubia. His wife, Elizabeth de Brampton, who died in 1354, a few
months after her husband, lies ui the Chancel of Burford Church,
Salop, t On a dark grey slab is the brass of a lady resting on a flowered
cushion veiled. A cordon on each of her elevated hands. From her neck-band
close-mittened sleeves buttoned on wrist. Two slate-Uke pockets in front of the
petticoat. On each side of the head shields charged with the arms of Cornewall
impaling two lions passant, Brampton. J Two shields under this gone. On the
tiles below the altar the arms of Cornewall (argent a lion rampant gules
crowned or within a bordure sable bezantee), Mortimer, etc. Legend, " Ici gist
Dame Elizabeth feme {sic.) a Mons. Esmon de Cornewayle." The brass is life-
size and full length.

By this lady Sir Edmund de Comewall had (i) Sir Edmund, described
variously as of Thonock, Lincolnshire, and of Kentwell, Suffolk. (2) Bryan,
whose share was Kinlet and the bulk of the estates of Elizabeth de
Brampton. (3) Peter, who had for his share lands in Ashton Stonive and
Buriton, with Stannage in Radnor, and eventually, as heir of his elder brother,
Sir Edmund, Thonock with Laughton, Line. ; and (4) Joan. We will take
them in their order of descent.

(i) As has been stated. Sir Edmund the younger, was found by Inquisi-
tion in 1355 to be forty years of age, and must therefore have been born

*In the Church of AsthaU is a splendid monument of about the date 1400. Above it are three
heraldic shields in a stained-glass window. Of these one is the Cornewall coat with a bend besantt'e.
This monument, by tradition, has been assigned to a Countess of Cornewall. It may probably be
referred to Sir Edmund de Comewall's mother, Joan, daughter of John Fitzalan, Lord of Clun, and
widow of Sir Richard de Comewall, which lady held the two manors of Asthall for life. At her
decease, circa 1330, they went to Sir Edmimd, her elder son, then to his elder son, Sir Edmund,
then to his second son, Bryan de Cornewall, from whose heirs it passed to the Blounts. The
monument has also been attributed to Constance, Countess of Arundel, daughter of Sir John de
Comewall, K.G., Lord Fanhope, who however had no connection with Asthall, neither had the
Fitzalans, Earls of Arundel. Hence the probabilities seem in favour of the Asthall monument
having been erected, probably by her grandson. Sir Edmund, to Joan Fitzalan, widow of Sir Richard
de Cornewall. The manor of Asthall had been held by Earl Richard as part of the Honour of

t To her and her husband may be attributed the beautiful 14th Century additions to the
ancient Church of Kinlet, whereof the Chancel and N.E. Transept Chapel are dated by architects
between 1310 and 1330.

X In the Parkinson collection of Seals — British Museum — are several of this lady's seals with
the arms as on her monument. One seal is attached to a deed, dated the Feast of the Circumcision of
Our Lord Jesus Christ, 20 Edw. I., wherein she acknowledges Ralph, Earl of Stafford, as her lord.


in 1315, or probably rather earlier, inasmuch as we find in Sir Harris
Nicholas' " History of the Orders of Knighthood " the following entry
under the heading "Bath": — "Sir Edmund de Cornewall, son of Sir
Edmund de Cornewall, received the robes for his Knighthood with the Cere-
monial of bathing, as a Banneret, A.D. 1330." His first wife was Isabella
(Esch. 50 Edw. n., N. 15) and from indirect evidence we may assume that she
was the daughter of David de Strabolgi, eleventh Earl of Athol, and sister of
David, the last Earl. Hodgson, in his history of Northumberland, has pre-
sented in vol. ii., part 2, the Athol descent in full, from whence, as from other
sources, we gather the following details.

David de Strabolgi, eighth, or as some have it, ninth Earl of Athol (d.
1269), married Isabella, daughter of Richard de Chilham, a natural son of
King John, by Rohese, daughter of Fulbert de Dover, whose sister Lora married
William Marmyon. She died in 1292, having remarried Alexander de Balliol,
and by her first husband had John de Strabolgi, ninth Earl, executed Nov. 7,
1306. His wife was Margery, daughter of Donald, Earl of Mar, and sister of
Isabel, the first wife of King Robert Bruce. The mother of these sisters was
Helen, daughter of Llewellyn, Prince of Wales. John Strabolgi was succeeded
in the Earldom by David, who married Joan, elder daughter of John Comyn,
Lord of Badenoch, by Joan, daughter of WiUiam de Valence, Earl of Pembroke,
4th son of Hugh le Brun by Isabella, widow of King John. The brothers of
Joan de Valence — William and Aymer, who succeeded his father as Earl of

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