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that he died in France, November 30, 1418, and that Edmund was his son
and heir. He held Thonock, in Lincoln ; Ashton, in Hereford ; Hampton
Lovett, in Worcester ; and Stanage, in Radnor. His son and heir, Edmund,
married Elizabeth, daughter of Walter Hacluyt of Eyton, (see Visitation
of Hereford, 1569, where he is styled Edward ; the two names being
frequently confused), and died December 3, 1453, seized of the above
manors, his heir being (Sir) Thomas, then nine years of age, born 1444.
This gentleman, by a wife whose name is unknown, had issue a son and
heir. Sir Richard, concerning whom we treat in the next chapter, with
three daughters, viz., Matilda, Joan, and Eleanor. Joan married Richard
Barrowe, of BuUingham (see Visitation of Hereford, 1569) ; Matilda (see
Visitation of Worcester, 1569, where she is mentioned as daughter of Sir
Thomas and sister to Sir Richard), WiUiam Nanfan ; and Eleanor, probably
Thomas Lee, of Langley.* For the Inquisitions post mortem of Bryan
De Brampton, Peter De Cornewall, Sir Louis, Edmund, and Sir Thomas,
with the will of the last named, see Appendix. He was knighted on
Tewkesbury field, being a partisan of the White Rose, and deceased in 1500,
when the patronage of Thonock Chantry, which he had exercised in 1499,
fell to his son and heir, Sir Richard Cornewall, of Berrington. In his
will, dated Feb. 29, 1500, he appoints his " Cousin," Sir Thomas Cornewall,
Baron of Burford, as Supervisor. This seems to suggest that his first
wife may have been a lady of the Burford line.j His second wife was
Elynor, and in her wiU, dated March 12, 1510, she leaves money for prayers
for the souls of her four husbands, viz., Richard Lowe, Hugh Mole, Sir
Thomas of Cornwall (sic), and Sir WiUiam Houghton. It is a noteworthy
circumstance that in the record of Thornock Manor the direct male heirs
only are mentioned. In four generations it might have been supposed that
there were other children besides the series of heirs, and the name of
Cornewall hngered near Gainsborough for two centuries.

* The wife of Thomas (or Fulc) Lee, of Langley is variously given as Anne and Alice. AU
accounts make her marry a Cornewall of Berrington. but the accounts are contradictory.

t Sir Rowland, 4th son of Thomas, Baron of Burford, is stated in the Harl : MSS. to have
had three daughters. Of these ladies one may have been wife to Sir Thomas Cornewall, whence
the asserted cousinship, but the statement of Sir Rowland having had issue rests solely on the
Harl: MSS.


It may be remarked here that the common spelling of the name in the
fifteenth century was Comewayle or Cornewaile, the prefix " de " having
sufiered a regrettable elision.

The only sister of Sir Edmund of KentweU, Bryan of Kinlet, and Peter,
was Joan de Comewall. Her story goes to illustrate the obvious fact, that in
the middle ages marriages were arranged on social and pecuniary grounds, a
mesalliance being the exception to prove the rule. Seldom, none the less, do
we meet with a more equivocal union than that of Joan de CornewaU with
John, son of Sir John de Brewes or Braose by Margaret his wife. This John
was shown to have been an idiot from his birth, as appears from Indentures,
dated at Westminster, May 8, 1359, and July 6, 1367, thus : " Whereas was
committed to John Cobham the custody of the Manor of Lea with its mem-
bers, Gaytburton and Sco thorn. Com. Lincoln, for that John de Brewes hath
been from his birth an idiot, so that John Cobham should find £20 with
necessaries for John de Brewes, his wife and children.* As John Cobham
did not carry out this, the Council ordained that he should pay forty marks
with arrears, and as he had not done so, power to distrain was granted to
Joan, wife of the said John de Brewes.

A second Indenture is between John de Brewes and Norman Swinford.f The
King had taken over the Manor and Sub-Manors of Lea, Lincolnshire, and also

* The suggestion of children does not necessarily imply issue of this abnormal marriage.
The clause appears to have been prospective.

■f In Sir Charles Anderson's " History of Lea, Line," we find the following : —
Galfredus de Trehampton.

Roger, Sheriff of Lincoln, iig6.= . . . Peter, Sheriff 1195.

Sir Ranulphus, confirmed his father's gift to Revesby Abbey= . . .



John, Sir Ranulphus. = Joan, daughter of William De Dive, widow of

Sheriff 1293. Sheriff 1292. | WUliam Disney, of Norton Disney.


John, Margaret, = (i) John de Braose or Brewes.

Sheriff 1334 — 36. | (2) Norman de Swinford.

M.P. 1336—48. I

a son bom
3 Edward IIL
John of Gaunt was then overlord of Lea, which Margaret inherited from her brother John,
so we may infer that Norman de Swinford was related to John of Gaunt's third wife, Catherine de
Swinford, who is buried in Lincoln Cathedral.
Arms of Trehampton — Arg. a bende gu.

Arms of De Braose — Arg. a bende gu. within a bordure Chequy or and ar. There is a
cross-legged effigy of John de Braose in Lea Church with the arms on his shield.


the Manor of Westbourn, Notts. An agreement was entered into whereby
the said Norman Swinford should enjoy possession of the above Manors for the
term of his natural Ufe, he pa3dng twenty marks and surrendering to Esmon
de Comewall, brother of the said Joan, all deeds, muniments, and other docu-

John Cobham was outlawed for non-payment of the sum ordered by the
Council, but subsequently pardoned. At a special Inquisition held at Lincoln,
the Jury found that John de Brewes was an idiot (42 Edward III.) At the
decease of the said Norman Swinford it was further shown that John de
Brewes and Sir Edmund de Cornewall had entered upon the above Manors,
and that Sir Edmund de Cornewall and his sister Joan, wife of the said John
de Brewes, in the name of the said John, were receiving the profits — ^by what
title the Jurors show not.

It does not appear that the Comewall family benefited by this arrangement,
and Sir Edmund evidently acted merely as receiver on behalf of his sister,
whose interest died with her. The entire incident, as put on record by the late
Dr. Marshall, York Herald, presents an item in the family history which
cannot be ignored, 3'et according to our existing code of ethics could not possibly
be justified. Indirectly it shows the close connection of the Comewalls of the
14th Century with Lincolnshire. Thonock was their second seat.

Sir Edmund de Cornewall and the Comewalls of Kinlet, so far as the evi-
dence of sepulchral monuments goes, bore the identical arras of Richard
Earl of Cornwall, viz., Arg. a Uon rampant, gu. crowned or within a bordure
sa bezantee — this without any diiierence or mark of decadency ; but in the
roll of arms at the Tournament at Stepney, 2 Edward II., 1309, as given in
Nichol's Collection vol. 4, the arms of Edmond de Comewaile were Arg.
a lion rampant gu. crowned or, debruised by a bende sa., charged with five
bezants. We have already noted another variant in Glover's Roll com-
piled in the reign of Edw. III., 1337-1350, and reprinted in London, 1828
by Sir Harris Nicholas ; moreover among the quarterings allowed by the
Heralds to the Blounts at the Visitation of Salop, 1623, are the arms of Cornewall
with a bordure engrailed. The Seal of Sir Edmund de Comewall, the elder,
was " a Hon rampant and over all on a bar 3 bezants."



Chapter IV.
The Berrington Line.

Sir Richard Cornewall = Jane, dau. of Symon Milbourne.
(I479-I533)- I

Sir George = Marv a'Bruges = F. Lovel
(1509-63) (d. 1606) I



Humphry = Elizabeth Bradshaw
(1550-1633) I (d. 1636)

John = Mary Barneby Humphry=Anne . .. Frances James= . . .
(d. 1645 1 (d. 1634) ofMoreton (d. 1658) (d. 1673) (d. 1652) |

(d. 1670) a daughter


Mary=R. Blunden Elizabeth


Thomas John Charles Arnold Elizabeth
(b. 1632) (b. 1635) (b. 1643) (b. 1645) (b. 1631)


Humphry=Theophila Skynner Coningsby Edward Gilbert George Mary Anne

(d. 1688)

(d. 1718) (b. 1620) ofMoccas (d. 1684) (1618-21J

(see Chapter Thomas Catherine

oa Moccas)


Elizabeth=.W. Geersk


Robert =Edith CoRNWALLis Cyriac = Martha Bezant= J. Davies Humphry Edward

(1647-1705) (d. 1696) (1652-1718) I

s.p. I


Theophila=J. Radford

Elizabeth Humphry=Wolfran=Eliz.\beth Devereux Theophila= . . Agboro'
I (d. 1713) I (d- 1741)

RosE^ R. Forder

(vide infra)


Amarantha=Co1. C. Jenkinson Bette

(1700-S5) (1693-1750) (b. 1705)

(Whence the Earls s.p.
of Liverpool)


Bridget a dau. =Whitney Caroline =Roboro%v

I I I I ■ I ,1

Charles =Dorothy Hanmer Edward Robert Robert Rev. Frederick Henry

Vice Ad- (b. 1671) (b. 1673) (b. 1676) (b. 1677) (b. 1679)

miral. M.P. (See Chapter on

(1669-1718) ' Delbury)


James George Frances Elizabeth Henrietta^ Governor
(1685-6) (b. 1610) (b. 1675) Proby





Henry Thomas Sir Robert, Bart. Cyriac Charles Job Jacobs = Elizabeth

(b. 1698) (b. 1699) (1700-56) (b.&d. (b. &d. (1705-28) (1709-38) I Forder

M.P., s.p. 1703) 1704) I (vide supra)

Charles Wolfran=Elizabetb Jenkinson

(Speaker of the
House of Commons)

1 i T" I III
Henrietta Theophila Jane Emma= Thomas Vernon Edith Annabella Mary
(1701-28) (1706-21) (b. 1708) (1712-1 (d. 1771) (b. &d. I7I2) (1713-12) (b. 1704)
1777) I

Emma=(i) Henry C. Marquess of Exeter
=(2) Rev. W. Sneyd

INASMUCH as the Visitations of 1623 and 1634 virtually assume that a junior
branch of the CornewaUs of Burford was established at Berrington early in
the sixteenth century, we deem it best for the sake of perspicuity to style the
descendants of Sir Thomas Cornewall of Berrington and Thonock the Berrington
line ; albeit we have established, by the will of the said Sir Thomas and by his
Inquisition post mortem, the continuity of the Berrington Cornewalls from Sir
Edmund de Cornewall, who became jure axons lord of that with other Manors
in Herefordshire, Salop, and Radnorshire. From the point of view of descent
the term " Berrington line " is a misnomer. We have adopted it as a matter
of arrangement.

The Visitation of 1623 commences in error with Sir Rowland, alleged to have
been son of Thomas, the attainted Baron of Burford (who died 1472 and was never
knighted), and has been confused with his contemporary, but junior, at Berring-
ton, Sir Thomas Cornewall. This Visitation makes Sir Rowland the father of
Sir Richard Cornewall of Berrington^a statement at variance with the above-
mentioned will and Inquisition, both of which prove the latter's paternity. In
1634 the Heralds appear to have suspected this blunder, which has formed the
basis of erroneous genealogy for nearly three centuries. This 1934 Visitation
ignores Sir Rowland, the spurious founder of the line, and also Sir Thomas, who,
inheriting the Manor of Berrington from his father, passed it on to his heir, Sir
Richard, whose name stands first in the 1634 pedigree. But in some respects
the legend of Sir Rowland has an earlier origin than 1623, for Leland, temp.
Hen. VIII., wrote thus : " From Eaton I rode towards Ludlow and sawe a mile
off on the right the Manor place of Cornwall that descendeth of a younger house
of the Cornwalles, Barons of Burford." It may be needless to add, after the


evidence already adduced, that Leland is wrong, the Barons of Burford being
the junior, the Cornewalls of Berrington the senior line.

Although the ancient manorial mansion, in the i8th century styled by Sir
Robert de Comevvall, Bart, (he resumed the prefix " de ") " Berrington Castle "
was demohshed less than 150 years ago, there e.xists no sketch whereby to give
so much as a bare outline of its beauties. Doubtless it was one of the domi
defensibiles so common on the Welsh border, whereof Kentchurch, Treago, and
Urishay survive. We are also ignorant of its date. That it existed when Sir
Edmund de Cornwall married EUzabeth de Brampton may be conjectured from
the circumstance of their third son, Peter, having resided there. It was replaced
by a more grandiose structure, in the style of the period, to the loss of the shire.

Sir Richard Cornewall was born, as the Inq. on his father. Sir Thomas, showed,
before 1479, and succeeded him as Lord of the Manor and Patron of Thonock
Chantry, to which he presented in 1506, 1507, 1521, 1531, 1532, 1533* ; also in
the Herefordshire and Radnor estates. He served as Sheriff of Herefordshire,
^5^7> 1520, 1527, and was M.P., 1529. Among Brewer's " Papers illustrating
the reign of Hen. VHI." are many references to Sir Richard Cornewall, which
show the liigh favour in which he was held at Court ; e.g., " 2 Hen. VHI., June
29. For Richard Cornewall, one of the Kinge's Spears — To be steward during
pleasure of the Lordships of Orleton, Pembridge, Erdisland, Malmeshallacy
(Mancel Lacy), and Fencot, with £2 a year." Again, April 4th, 1511. " To the
Master of the Rolls — To cancel a recognizance made Jan. 6 last by Richard
Cornewall of Beryngton, Hereford, etc. — so far as the said Richard not going
more than 2 miles from London." Again, under date June 13, 1513, " For
Richard Cornewall, Squire of the Body, to be Steward of the Lordships of Chfford,
Glasebury, and Wiuforton, in the Marches of Wales, and Constable of the Castle
of Chfford as Ralph Hackulust (query Hacluyt ?) held the same." Again,
Nov. 15, 1513, " For Richard Cornewall, Squire of the Body — grant of the Manors
of Condover, Biryngton, and Ryton, Salop, late of Francis, Viscount Lovel,
attainted temp. Hen. VIL" We note also a further grant in the same year of
the Stewardship of the Lordships of Chfford, Glasebury, and Wynforton, and
the office of Constable of Clifford, but to Richard Cornewall and Ralph Hackulnet

* la a letter addressed by a Mr. P. Prattinton to Bishop Cornewall, the followmg passage
occurs : — '• Sir Richard Cornewall. of Berrington, your ancestor, was a feoflfee in trust for the settling
of land from Richard Archer upon Maud De la Mare for her jointure." This he states he found
among the muniments of Sir Syraon Archer. For Delamare, see p. 69.


in survivorship. In the year following there is a further grant, i.e., July 20, 1514,
to " Richard CornewaUl, one of the King's Spears — To be Steward of the Lord-
ships of Orleton, Pembridge, Erdisland, Mancel, and Netherwood, Herefordshire,
vice Sir Richard De la Bere." On St. Thomas's Day, 1517, there was a grand
banquet at Greenwich to the Queen of France, and Richard Cornewall was
appointed to attend upon her retinue " at the third mess." In the summer of
1520 occurred that famous meeting of the Kings of France and England, styled
" The Field of the Cloth of Gold." Here we have a memorandum, " Besides
the Household and the Guard the 100 nobles and gentlemen are appointed to
attend." Among them we note Richard Cornewall, who was present at the inter-
view, and also at the meeting of Hen. VIII. and Charles I. at Gravelines on July
20 of that year. Richard CornewaU is entered among the Knights, albeit
apparently only a squire, for he was Knighted by the Earl of Surrey after the
capture of Morlaix, July i, 1522. Fuller writes : " He was a prime person among
those Knights who attended the Duke of Suffolk into France at what time they
surrounded and took the Town of Rey ; and Sir Richard was sent with 400 men
to take possession thereof, the only service of remark performed in that expedi-
tion, [vide also Lord Herbert's Life of Hen.VIIL, p. 157J. In consequence of this
service further benefits were showered upon him, e.g., April 17, 1523, " Sir Ric.
Comewayle — Grant in Tail Male of the Manor of Woodmancote, and the advow-
son of the churches of North Cerney and Rendecombe, Glouc, lately belonging to
Edward, Duke of Buckingham." As Marshal of the foreward during the war
he was paid 6s. 8d. per diem, i.e., about £(), and on June 12, 1525, he became by
Royal grant Keeper of the Forest of Bringewood in Wigmore, with the custody
of the Forest of Prestwood, then held by Sir W. Uvedale. In the same year, as
Knight of the Body, he was granted the Manors of KenUagh Ryngyld, also
KeUeugh Owen in the Lordship of Chirk, lately belonging to Owen Glendordy i^sic.)
i.e., Glendower, attainted, and after to Margaret, Countess of Richmond. In
1526 he was appointed Seneschal of Hereford, with a salary of £7 3s. 2d. There
is also an undated letter in Brewer's papers from Sir Richard to Cromwell asking
for his interest in the matter of a patent. In 1553 we find grants to Thomas and
John Vaughan of the Stewardships vacated by Sir Richard's decease, and to
Urian Brereton of other Stewardships.

The hne therefore opens with Sir Richard Cornewall. He married Jane,
the nth coheiress of Sjmion Jlilbourne of TiUington, Herefordshire and Icomb,


Gloucestershire, by Joan, daughter of Ralph Baskerville. In the Chancel of
Burghill Church — whereof Tillington is a hamlet — stands a magnificent recumbent
effigy of the said Symon and his lady which has been defaced and covered
with names, including " Jesus." In a tablet beneath their heads is a repre-
sentation of their 13 daughters.*

Sir Richard Comewallf died 1535, and was biuied in Eye Church. M.I.
Inquisition post mortem October 17, 1533, which recites the terms of his will,
wherein he mentions Joyse {sic.) his daughter, to whom he bequeaths 300
marks to her marriage ; Jane his wife ; and his son, George, whose age is given
as 24 years. [See Appendix.] Inasmuch as his widow — styled in the Thonock
entry " Johanna, widow of Richard Corwell, Knight " — ^presented to Thonock
Chantry on the decease of William Pekyng, Jan. 28, 1543, she must have survived
her husband.

By her he had Sir George, his successor, and Joyce, urunamed. The Harl.
MS., 1140, has the following entry: "Sir Richard CornewaU, Knight of the
House of Berrington in Herefordshire, married Jane daughter and one of
the heires of Symond Mylbom of Telington, and they had George and Joyce,
with an illegitimate daughter, Elenor, who married John Blunte, of Bromyard."

We note further an entry in the Cotton MSS. RoUs in the Tower, temp.
Elizabeth, viz., " Richard Comewall, son and heir of Thomas Comewall, died
29 Hen. VIII." This entry gives Sir Richard's father; it confirms the will and
Inquisition of Sir Thomas Comewall of Berrington and Thonock.

The following shows the descent of the Lady Jane, or Johanna, from an
illustrious line of ancestors : —

* It is a coincidence that Eleanor, another of the coheiresses of Symon Milboume, who
married John Moore, of Dunclent, was great grandmother of the first Lord FoUiott, whose
granddaughter, Rebecca, married Walker of Femey Hall. Bishop Comewall derived his names
from these families, %iz., •■ Folhott, Herbert, Walker," Mr. Walker's mother. Mary, having been
daughter of Sir Henry Herbert, Master of the Revels to Charles I., and brother of Lord Herbert, of
Chirbury, and of George Herbert, the poet.

t A.D. 15 16, we find in the Record Office an account of an assault on one of the priests of the
Thonock Chantry, which led to a lawsuit in the Star Chamber. Richard Comewall, Esq., — he had
not yet been knighted — joined the chaplain, Sir William Pyt>-ng, as plaintiff. The recital showed
that three priests sang daily in Thonock Chantry for the good estate of Richard Comewall, and
for the repose of the souls of fiis ancestors ; item that one Richard Wawyn, otherwise Richard Leche,
of Gainsborough, gentleman, bearing " grette grugge and malesse " against the said Richard and
his Chaplains, of his " high, malicious, and cursed m\Tide, and to the great hurte, damage and
disherison of Richard, came to the said Chapel, and would have cast down the wall thereof." It
transpired that after a remonstrance from Pyt\-ng Leche assaulted him while at his prayers. He
further assaulted with bows and arrows five friends of Richard and kept them in terror of their
lives. Whether this was an ordinary feud or the result of odium theologicum does not appear.



John de Lovetot=
according to some,
son of Eustachius,
Vice Comes of
in 1080.

Ralph Baskerville, of Eardisley, Co. Hereford— Amne, d. of
temp. H 2 ; living 1194. I St. Owen

Arms: Argent a chevron gules between 3 fiearts

Sir Roger Baskerville of Eardisley=BRiDGET

William de Lovetot= Emma
Lord of Hallamshire, I dau. & heir
and Lord ot Worksop, of Roger,
Founder of Worksop the tenant

Priory. I of Roger de

I Burli

Richard de Lovetot= Cecilia

Thomas Baskerville,
of Pickthoru, co.

Walter Baskerville, of Eardisley=ELizABETH, dau of Sir
I Richard Pembridge

WalterBaskerville, of Eardisley .living 1272 =SusANNA, dau.

I of Sir John

Lord of Hallamshire

and Worksop, living



Robert Sir Walter =Sibill.«

Baskerville Baskerville

of Eardislev,

21 H. 3.'

d. 1290

Sir Richard= .
of Eardisley,
High Sheriff of
8 E. 2

ville, of
& Pick-



=Andel William de=Matilda Johanna

3e Fur-


dau. of Basker-


Lord of H. & W.

Walter ville, d.


dead before

Fitz & co-h. m.



Robert, Roger, s.
of the and heir of
House of Roger,
Clare, aged Lord
24,27 H 2 Clifford


ville, d.
& co-h, m
Hugh de


of Eardisley,

died circa


dau. of
of Cans.

2nd son

Gerard de Furnival=Maud de Lovetot
died at Jerusalem, 1 dau. and heir, aged
3 H 3 ^! 7, iiSi, living 1249

Eldest son,
whence the

Sir Gerard Furnival=Christian, dau.
2nd son Lord of Mun- I and heir of

Sir Richard B.askerville=Jane, dau. of Sir
d. circa 15, E 3 I Nicholas Poyntz,
I mar. 14 E 3

Richard Baskerville=I3abella, dau. of

D. of Nor-
folk, Lord of
and until 1838
of Worksop

den Fumival, co.


living 1265

Guiscard Ledet,
and widow of
I Henry de

living 46 E 3

Sir Richard

Sir Gerard Furnival=Joan, dau. and co-heiress
I of Hugh de Morvill

Christian, dau. and=SiR John Eylesford = Isabel

co-heiress of Gerard,
son of Gerard,
brother to Lord
Fumival, ist wife

of Burghill, co. Here-
ford, 19 R 2,

Piers Milbourne=Elizabeth Eylesford
of Burghill, co,

Richard Baskerville=Joan, dau. of Adam
d. 16 Sept. 1394 I de Everingham.

Sir John Baskerville= Elizabeth, dau.
2nd wife, living 4 H 4 I and heiress of

mar. 2nd Johna'Bruge, of

Richard Letton and

de la More I Staunton

Ralph =Anne, dau.

jure ux

Sir John = Elizabeth

dau. and heir of Sir Baskerville I dau. of John Baskerville
John Eylesford and born 12th Feb. Touchet. born 21st

Christian, his wife 1408, died 23rd | LordAudley Oct.. 1410
Dec, 1453 V

John Milbourne=Elizabeth dau. of Sir Walter Devereux,
of TiUington, in the I by Maud, dau. of Sir Thomas Bromwich, Kt.
parish of Burghill,
bom circa 1420 |

and co-heir

of Sir John


Symon Milbourne, of TiUington aforesaid. Sheriff of :
Herefordshire, 4 R 3, had 13 daughters and
co-heirs. He was born circa 1450.

Jane Baskerville, daughter and heir

Sir Richard Cornewall, Kt.
of Berrington, b.1480

Jane Milbourne, nth of the 13 daughters
and co-heirs.


Sir George Cornewall, son of Sir Richard Cornewall by Jane ^lUbourne,
was bom in 1509. The earliest notice we have of him is in the State
Papers, vol. 8, p. 149, where he is alleged to have murdered John Ode, al's
Wode, Serjeant of the Mace, in West Smithlield, on Feb. 28, 1532-3. A pardon
was granted to him and to his accomplice, John Stoughton of Stoke by Guildford,
Jan. 31, 1535. In Gairdner's Papers, temp. Hen. VIII., is a letter from the Duke
of Suffolk to Cromwell, desiring that George Cornewall and his servants may be
bound over to keep the peace, stating that he had dismissed him for various
assaults and affrays, and that he had caused a servant of the Duke's Treasurer
to be sore hurt. That was Sep. 21, 1532, and it seems to indicate the character
of Sir George in his early youth.

Knighted at Boulogne by the Earl of Hertford, 1544* (see Metcalfe's
Knights), in the last year of Edward VI. — 1553 — he was appointed one of the