In September, 1864, he was commissioned
assistant surgeon in the Confederate navy,
serving on the gunboat Pee Dee until the
fall of Charleston. He was then sent to the
THE CHARLOTTE MEDICAL JOURNAL.
Marvin hospital at Drewry's Bluff, where
he was captured in the spring of 1865.
After the close of the war he went to
Okolona, Miss., where for seven years he
was engaged in active practice and in farm-
ing. In 1872 he married Miss Willie Hill,
a noted belle of Eastern North Carolina,
and two years later made his home in Hen-
derson. In July, 1897, he had a severe at-
tack of illness from which he never recov-
ered, although after a winter in Florida and
a summer in the mountains, he resumed his
practice to a limited extent. He died Feb-
ruary 24th, 1900, at the age of 58, leaving
a wife and six children, one a promising
physician of the same name.
In his profession, and in the State Medi-
cal Society, he was an honored leader.
From June, 1887, to May, 1893, he was a
faithful member of the State Board of
Health, and in 1895 he was President of the
The esteem and affection in which Dr.
Tucker was held by the people of Hender-
son, and by all who knew him well, was
extraordinary. In all the walks of life, as
husband, father, physician, Christian, citi-
zen and man, he was a model. Hospitable,
unobtrusive, unselfish, courteous, refined,
gentle but strong, he was a noble type of
the true southern gentleman.
William R. Wood, M.D.
Dr. Wood was born in Washington coun-
ty in 1834. H^ received his medical edu-
cation in Philadelphia, and settled at Pal-
myra, Halifax county. On the outbreak
of the war he entered the army as Lieuten-
ant in Company B, First North Carolina
Cavalry. He was promoted the next year
to Captain of Company G, holding that
position till the battle of Gettysburg, when
he was wounded in the shoulder, after
which he entered the medical department
and rendered faithful service till the end.
About 1859 he was married to Miss Mary
Daughtry, of Gates county, who lived only
about one year. In 1S62 he was married
to Miss Henriette Anthony, of Scotland
Neck. Of this marriage there were two
children, a girl, who died in childhood, and
a boy, who became a lawyer of promise,
but died in early manhood. He suffered the
loss of their mother also, and for several
years was the last of the family.
At the close of the war Dr. Wood es-
tablished himself at Scotland Neck and for
many years was one of the leading practi-
tioners in his section of the State. He be-
came a prominent member of the State
Medical Society, and from 1884 to 1890
was a member of the State Board of Ex-
aminers, serving as its President. In 1890
he was elected Superintendent of the State
Hospital at Raleigh, then known as the
North Carolina Insane Asylum. He re-
signed in 1895 on account of the failling
health of his wife and returned to his prac-
Dr. Wood did not confine his activities
to his profession. He was for some years
the Chairman of the County Board of Com-
missioners of his county and took interest
in the welfare of his community, his party
and his State. He died July 11, 1899.
W. C. McDuFFiE, M.D.
Dr. McDufiie was born in Cumberland
county February 10, 1829. After com-
pleting the course at the Summerville
Academy he entered the medical depart-
ment of the University of New York and
graduated in 1855. He practiced medicine
throughout life at Fayetteville, with the
exception of the time spent in the Confed-
erate army, in which he held the rank of
During his long professional career he
was one of the leaders among the excep-
tionally able group of physicians of the up-
per Cape Fear. He was successful in many
lines of activity. Prominent in the State
Medical Society, he served as its president
in 1884. For six years he acted as chair-
man of the magistrates of the county and
afterwards was Chairman of the Board of
County Commissioners, was County Phy-
sician and Superintendent of Health for
sixteen years, held high position among the
Confederate Veterans, was many years
local surveyor of the Atlantic Coast Line
Railway, was examiner for many life in-
surance companies, was a Knight of Py-
thias and an Odd Fellow arid was much in-
terested in the material prosperity of his
Dr. McDuffie married Miss Catherine E,
Dodd in 1S58, and the union was blessed
with three sons and two daughers. Toward
the close of his life he was called upon
within the space of two years to bear the
loss of his wife and two sons, one a prom-
ising physician and the other a prosperous
druggist, Mr, E, B, McDuffie, of New
York, Mrs, N, E. Bunting and Mrs. C.
M. Glover survive him. He died October
K. P. Battle, Jr., Ch'm,
P. L. Murphy,
G. W. PUREFOV.
Report of the Board of Medical Examiners.
.The Board of Medical Examiners having
completed its work desires to submit the
following report : Our registration list
THE CHARLOTTE MEDICAL JOURNAL.
shows that the number applying for license
These 79 applicants held diplomas from
30 different medical colleges and institu-
tions, distributed as follows :
University College of Medicine of Rich-
mond. Va., 12
University of Maryland, 10
Southern Medical of Atlanta, 5
North Carolina Medical College, 5
Medical College of Virginia, 4
Medical College of South Carolina, 4
College of Physicians and Surgeons of
University of Pennsylvania, 3
Baltimore Medical, 3
University of Tennessee, 3
Woman's Medical College of New York, 2
University of Nashville, 2
Jefferson Medical College, 2
Tennessee Medical College, 2
Chattanooga Medical, 2
Leonard Medical, 2
Central Medical of Tennessee, 2
Syracuse Medical of New York, I
Starling Medical of Ohio, i
Georgetown University, i
Columbian University of Washington, i
Harvard University, i
University of Colorado. i
College of P. and S., of Ontario, i
Kentucky School of Medicine, i
Medical Department of University of
College of P. and S., of New York, i
University of Michigan, i
Of these 79, 25 failed, 2 withdrew, 52
were successful and duly clothed with au-
thority to enter upon their professional
career in this State.
Those licensed are as follows :
Elizabeth Delia Dixon, Raleigh ; Sallie
Borden, Goldsboro ; Lucy C. Jones, New
York City; J- Ernest Stokes, Salisbury;
Robt. B. Miller, Goldsboro ; W. C. Kluttz,
Salisbury; J. T. Shaffner, Jr., Salem; Ed-
ward Baum, Greensboro ; R. M. West,
Salisbury; J. C. Green, Greenville; G. G.
Bell, Elizabeth City ; G. E. Price, Sap-
phire ; S. E. Ballard, Sagnaw ; J. S, Buf-
falo, Gardner; George M. Pate, Gibson;
Wade H. Bynum, Germanton ; W. Henry
Stratford, Greensboro ; Neill MacRae, Fay-
etteville ; L. B. Evans, Idaho ; J. E. Patrick,
Institute ; W. F. Fortune, Greensboro ; G.
L. Sikes, Clinton ; G. S. Watkins, Corn-
wall ; D. R. Bryson, Bryson City; J. C.
Wessell, Wilmington; Sam'l Edwards,
Goldsboro; W. C. Melvin, Winnie; A. C.
Hoyt, Washington ; E. J. Nixon, Wilming-
ton ; L. D. McPhail, Clinton ; Raymond
Pollock, Kinston ; J. F. Hunt, Fallston ; H.
G. Powell, Fair Bluff; H F. Glenn, Gas-
tonia; Gaylord Worstell, Cherokee; W.
E. Reid, Gatesville ; B. H. Henderson,
Fayetteville ; G. H. Hines, Smithfield ; B.
J. Witherspoon, Charlotte; Chas. H. C.
Mills, Charlotte ; Edgar H. Earl, Roches-
ter, N. Y. ; George W. Brown, Covington ;
G. V. Cloninger, Stanley ; Wm. H. Houser,
Shelby; Lem Watson, Broad .vay; R. S.
Cromartie, Garland; W. H. Moss, Char-
lotte ; W. F. Mitchell, Shelby ; J. W. Faunt-
leroy, Saluda ; W. A. Newman, Salisbury ;
Wm. L. Dunn, Asheville ; W. j. Thigpen,
This is the first examination held under
the amended law, requiring graduation from
a medical college of not less than a three-
^ear term. The highest mark attained was
made by the two first ladies at the head of
the list. D.R. Bryson, of Bryson City,
led the male contingent and secured 92 4-7.
Of the 25 rejected, four held diplomas
from the Southern Medical of Atlanta, two
from the University College of Medicine of
Richmond, two from the College of Phy-
sicians and Surgeons of Atlanta ; two from
the Tennessee Medical, two from the Chat-
tanooga Medical, and one each from the
Starling Medical College of Ohio, Medical
College of Virginia, Georgetown Universi-
ty, North Carolina Medical, University of
Nasheville, University of Maryland, Medi-
cal College of Tennessee, University of
Colorado, University of Georgia, and Medi-
cal College of South Carolina.
Thos. E. Anderson,
Secretary Board of Medical Examiners.
Report of the Committee on Nominations.
Orator — Earle Grady, Tryon.
Essayist — R. S. Primrose, Newbern.
Leader of Debate — D. A. Staunton,
Co?}imittee on Publication.
J. C. Montgomery, Charlotte.
R. L. Gibbon,
George W. Pressly, "
D. J. Hill, Lexington.
W. T. Cheatham, Henderson.
J. C. Rodman, Washington.
Delegates to American Medical Association
Chas. O'H. Laughinghouse, Greenville.
H. B. Weaver, Asheville.
Julian M. Baker, Tarboro.
Charles L. Pearson, Asheville.
J. P. Munroe, Davidson.
Charles S. Mangum, Chapel Hill.
W. H. H. Cobb, Goldsboro.
THE CHARLOTTE MEDICAL JOURNAL.
Detegates to South Carolina Medical So-
C. M. Poole, Craven.
J. L. Edgerton, Hendersonville.
David Bullock, Wilmington.
A. H. Harris,
American Public Health Association.
H. H. Harris, Wake Forest.
S. W. Battle, Asheville.
P. L. Murphy, Morganton.
G. G. Thomas, Wilmington.
Virginia Medical Society.
H. H. Dodson, Milton.
J. W. Long, Salisbury.
R. H. Standi, Margarettesville.
R. H. Whitehead, Chapel Hill.
B. K. Hays, Oxford.
H. W. Lewis,
J. A. Burroughs,
W. C. Galloway,
Chas. a. Julian,
The Appalachian National Park.
The following resolution was introduced
during the conjoint session of the Society
and the State Board of Health and it was
passed unanimously :
To the Senate and House of Representa-
tives of the United States of America :
Whereas, It having come to the knowl-
edge of The North Carolina State Board of
Health and The North Carolina State Medi-
cal Society that there is now a movement
on foot under the auspices of the Appala-
chian National Park Association for the
establishment of a National Park and Forest
Preserve in the Southern Appalachian
Mountains, preferably in the Western North
Carolina Section or adjacent States, to be
known as the Appalachian National Park,
Whereas, Those interested in this
movement having presented a Memorial to
Congress of the United States praying for
the appointment of a Commission to inves-
tigate the practicability, feasibility and ne-
cessity of establishing such a Forest Reser-
vation and Park in the Southern Appala-
chian Mountains, and
Whereas, The Committee on Agri-
culture, of the Senate, to whom this matter
was referred, having reported back to the
Senate favorable upon the appointment of
such a Commission, and the Senate of the
United States having passed the Amend-
ment as reported by the Agricultural Com-
Whereas, We believe that the cause
of this Association is one deserving of the
most careful attention at the hands of the
Government ; therefore be it
Resolved, That the North Carolina State
Borrd of Health and the North Carolina
State Medical Society endorse the movement
of the Appalachian National Park Assso-
ciation, and that we earnestly urge the
Senate and House of Representatives of
the United States to obtain the careful in-
vestigation and report as requested in the
Memorial set forth by the Appalachian
National Park Association.
Report of the Committee on Credentials.
The Committee on Credentials reported
favorably on the following persons who
were admitted to membership into the
W. N. Tate, Mebane.
H. Hartwell Bass, Henderson.
E. F. Corbell, Sunbury.
S. E. Koonce, PoUocksville.
L. L. Staton, Tarboro.
E. J. Buchanan, Lexington.
R. E. Lee, Clinton.
W. W. Dawson, Grifton.
C. F. Griffin, Woodland.
R. P. Morehead, Lasker.
A. R. Winston, Franklinton.
Raymond Pollock, Kinston.
Isaac W. Lamm, Lucama.
Elizabeth Delia Dixon, Raleigh.
Sallie Borden, Goldsboro.
Edmund Harrison, Greensboro.
Wade H. Bynum, Germanton.
J. B. Person, Jr., Selma.
E. T. Dickinson, Smithfield.
J. R. Palmer, Hookerton.
W. L. Dunn, Asheville.
L. Harrell, Statesville.
Paul Paquin, Asheville.
J. E. Patrick, Institute.
J. C. Wessell, Wilmington.
E. J. Nixon, Wilmington.
A. C. Hoyt, Washington.
J. W. Tayloe, Union.
J. W. Wood, Scotland Neck.
B. F. Halsey, Roper.
The following delegates and visitors were
welcomed and extended the courtesies of
the floor :
Joseph H. Branham from Maryland.
E. F. Darby from South Carolina.
Southgate Leigh from Virginia.
Randolph Winslow from Baltimore.
F. A. Ashby from Baltimore.
H. C. Spruell from Baltimore.
Julian M. Baker,
L. J. PiCOT,
R. H. Whitehead,
THE CHARLOTTE MEDICAL JOURNAL.
Report of Finance Committee.
May 30th. To balance on hand. 307.71
June 3d. Amount collected. 624.00
Nov. 3d. " " 184.00
May 3 1 St. " " 62.00
June ist. Paid Dr. Geo. W, Pressly. 157.49
" 3d. " " R. D. Jewett. 376.00
" 2d. " Stenogropher. 50.00
" 3d. " Dr. G. T. Sikes. 100.00
Aug. 17. " " Geo. W. Pressly. 5.00
Sept. 30. " Postage. 4-72
Nov. 3. Paid Observer Pt'g. House. 301.55
" 8. Stationary. 2.00
Jan. 3. Observer Pt'g. House. 50.00
May 19. Postage, etc. 2.26
Total Expenses. $1050.00
May 3 1 St. To balance on hand. $127.71
We recommend the usual assessment of
$2.00 per capita; that the salary of the
secretary be $125.00 and that of the trea-
surer $100.00. We recommend that a
stenographer be employed at a maximum
salary of $25.00
C. M. Poole.
M. H. Fletcher.
M. P. Perry.
Why I Use Pepto-Mangan "Gude." An
Some five years ago I wrote a paper for
the Memphis Medical Monthly, giving a
resume of the evolution of the iron com-
pounds, and appended a report of cases
giving blood counts, etc. The manufactur-
ers of the preparation I preferred saw^ fit to
reproduce the case reports in their pamph-
lets, but said nothing about the reasons that
induced me to prefer their product.
At a recent joint meeting of physicians
and pharmacists I was criticised for oppos-
ing the use of ready-made com.pounds, while
still advocating the use of Pepto-Mangan
"Gude," which is a proprietary prepara-
tion. I hesitated considerably about bring-
ing the matter up again, because I dislike
to build up a reputation as an endorser, and
have never in any other instance written an
article endorsing a proprietaty preparation.
I hope, however, to show you this even-
♦Kead before the Memphis Medical Society by Dr. Wm
ing that there is no pharmacopooial prepa-
ration that meets the requirements of an
ideal iron compound, and, until this is
found, I intend to continue to use what has
never disappointed me, and is not based
upon mere faith. The work of Bunge is
too well known to be now quoted, and I
will only make a few experiments before
you this evening and show the reasons for
the faith that is in me. There may be other
proprietary iron compounds, and doubtless
there are, that will come up to the same re-
quirements, but I see no advantage in swap-
ping the devil for the witch.
It is not ncessary to repeat all the tests
with all the official iron preparations, be-
cause they are divisible into groups, all the
salts of one group behaving very much
alike toward the gastric and intestinal
An ingenious theory recently put forward
regarding the action of the mineral salts of
iron is, that they decompose the substances
in the intestinal tract which precipitate the
food iron so that it may be absorbed. This
is the only rational explanation of the fact
that we do occasionally get results from
them. On the other hand, it is far more
rational to use an iron compound that can
be, and is absorbed, for then we are reck-
oning with known quantities, instead of
blundering along, giving more iron at a
dose than is contained in the entire body,
and incidentally deranging the digestive
functions by precipitating the gastric, pan-
creatic and intestinal juices, and producing
constipation by reason of the very astrin-
gent nature of some of the iron salts.
Beginning with,the_,orgamc double salts,
of whicb.t^e s.;ai;tisalU'.77e?pp4-Rspntatives,
we n5)tic;poU°pon*flie addition* c-C't/iiV.gAstric
juite, \hat' a precipitate is fbrn^ad'; , \the
douple salt is deco,n/'p^6sed and ferric '/sajt,
remains which is insoluble, both in gast;:'it:;
and ijitfisdn&l j^iiib:]" ] l]'/;,',] .">
The tincture df-ferriC'eblorid will precipi-
tate some of the gastric constituents, though
most of the iron will remain in solution in
the hydrochloric acid; the iron still in so-
lution will not be absorbed, because its non-
diffusibility is taken advantage of in the
manufacture of dialised iron, the acid
passing through the animal membrane ;
when the iron finally reaches the intestine,
the alkalin carbonates promptly precipitate
it. Ferrous sulfate bfthaves similarly. In
both instances, as you see, the very insolu-
ble ferric oxid is finally formed. If you
have ever tried to remove iron stains from
your water pitcher, you have some idea
how insoluble it is.
The insoluble compounds, like reduced
iron, or Vallet's mass, only serve to render
THE CHARLOTTE MEDICAL JOURNAL.
inert the arsenic with which they are usu-
ally prescribed; if dissolved at all in the
stomach, they are re-precipitated in the in-
Taking now Gude's preparation, we find
it soluble, not only in all these reagents, but
also in a mixture of them. Potassium fer-
rocyanid readily gives the iron reaction,
excess of ammonia will separate it, redis-
solving the manganese, which is then recog-
nized by the color of its fluid ; the alkalin
copper solution gives the reaction for pep-
ton, showing that it is what the label says.
It mixes with arsenious acid, forming a per-
fect solution, thus giving us a most useful
hematopoietic agent. The soluble alka-
loids are perfectly soluble in it, as is also
mercuric chlorid. Being a pepton, it is
readily diffusible by osmosis.
The only disturbing agent in the intes-
tinal tract is hydrogen sulfid ; this will pre-
cipitate it, but presumably, much of the
iron must have been absorbed before it en-
counters this gas ; if not, appropriate agents
should be used for its elimination.
Therapeutically, it does not nauseate,
constipate, discolor the teeth, precipitate
the digestive agents, nor become inert from
contact with them. As to the clinical re-
sults, I need not add anything to the many
reports already on record.
The demands made upon a new remedy
before its admission to a permanent place
in the materia medica are now-a-days much
more exacting than in the days of empiri-
cal pharmacy. Careful physiological ex-
periments in the labchttdfy ■ and accurate
observations 'of :t£ ihe'rapeutic vtction in
large hospitals; must precede its mtrcd"uc-
tior. This is well illustrat-ftd in the'"ca«ie
of Heroin. This remedy was submitted to
the most careful experimental studies on
animals by Pratefssor ^Drese'r.' of Oe^rrhany,
and later oy Medea, of Italy, Iinpens, of
Belgium, and Ott, of America. These ex-
periments, which are in complete accord,
showed that the drug possessed a specific
influence upon the respiralory apparatus,
consisting in a reduction of the frequency
of respiration with an increase of its force
and volume. They further showed that
heroin is much safer than the opium alka-
loids, and that its action upon the respira-
tory organs is much superior to the latter
both in promptness and efficiency. The
popularity of heroin, therefore, rests upon
a sure and scientific foundation. The nu-
merous clinical reports that have appeared
both in American and European literature
coincide in assigning to this remedy a high
place in the treatment of broncho-pulmon-
ary affections, both for the relief of cough
and dyspnea. It is remarkable that in spite
of the fact that the drug has now been used
by thousands of physicians, and that it has
been made the subject of a voluminous
literature, that so few cases of ill-effects are
on record. In only four cases were these
effects deemed sufficiently noteworthy to
deserve mention. Dr. Manxes, who has
made the most complete study of the thera-
peutics of heroin, as revealed both in the
literature and in his own personal investi-
gations, remarks, that after-effects are
chiefly attributable to the use of excessive
doses, and that they are much less common
than from morphin or codein. This would
show, therefore, that when employed in a
rational manner, the dose being graduated
according to the age and indications present
in individual cases, heroin is superior in
reliability and safety to any of the remedies
which were in common use before its intro-
Suprarenal Therapy in Hay Fever.
Extract of the Suprarenal Capsules is su-
perior to all other remedies in the treatment
of Hay Fever. It may be used both locally
and internally. Locally, it should be ap-
plied in the form of an aqueous solution, 6
to 12 per cent, strong, by means of a spray ;
on pledgets of cotton, or by cataphoresis.
Internally, in doses of 2 to 5 grains, the Ex-
tract of Suprarenal Capsules reduces the
turbinate bodies, lessens the irritation, stops
the sneezing and discharge, and controls
the vaso-motor vessels of the nose. The
extract should be given until giddiness or
palpitation is observed, or until the nasal
membrane shows that the vaso-motor par-
alysis is under control, when the dose should
be diminished. If the disagreeable symp-
toms reappear, increase the dose until the
pitti.cnt is again comfortable.
The results from the use of Extract of
Suprarenal Capsules in the treatment of
Hay Fever, entitle it to be classified as a
Physicians with patients troubled with
Hay Fever should, by all means, give them
the benefit of the Suprarenal Therapy,
Extract of Suprarenal Capsules in pow-
der and tablets may be obtained from Ar-
mour & Company.
On April 24th the Senate Committee on
Military Affairs, by a vote of 6 to 5, or-
dered an adverse report on the bill providing
for the employment of women nurses in
military hospitals of the Army, — Medical
THE CHARLOTTE MEDICAL JOURNAL.
The Battle Creek
Is a place where chronic invalids, especially those suf-
fering from the various forms of indigestion, dis-
eases peculiar to w^omen, constipation, chronic malarial
poisoning, anemia, obesity, the uric acid diathesis,
Sn n I t O P I II m neurasthenia, migraine, and similar ailments are train-
nil I I U I I U m ^^- '"^° health by the aid of systematic regimen,
scientific hydrotherapy, massage, Swedish move-
ments, Swedish gymnastics, and other rational means. Most cases of Bright's disease,
diabetes, locomotor ataxia, and many other maladies which are incurable under ordinary
conditions, are greatly improved by the combined use of rational remedies and syste-
matic regime, and many are practically cured. Extensive bacteriological, chemical, and
microscopical laboratories connected with the institution aflford excellent facilities for
accuracy in diagnosis and original research.
The Institution is conducted strictly within ethical lines.
For information concerning the facilities afforded, terms, etc., address
THE SANITARIUn, Battle Creek, flich.
The views of Dr. W.W. Keen, professor
of surgery in Jefferson Medical College,
Philadelphia, on the operative treatment of
typhoid perforation, may be summarized as
follows : (i) The surgeon should be called
in consultation the moment that any abdo-
minal symptoms indicative of possible per-
foration are observed. (2) If it be possible
to determine the existence of the preperfor-
ative stage, exploratory operation should be
done under cocaine anesthesia before per-
foration, shock and sepsis have occured.
(3) After perforation has occurred, opera-
tion should be done at the earliest possible
moment ; provided (4) that we wait till the
primary shock, if any be present, has sub-
sided. (5) In a case of suspected but
doubtful perforation, a small exploratory
opening should be made under cocaine to