ceptible to the disease.
^ As to treatment he highly recommends
Yersin's serum after the outset of the dis-
ease and the Hoffkine's serum as a proply-
lactic before infection.
Yersin's serum is prepared in very much
the same way as the antitoxin for diphtheria
is made while Hoffkine's agent is simply a
culture of the bacilli.
In the one case the antitoxin is generated
in the horse, the other in the blood of the
patent, hence Hoffkine's preparation should
never be used after infection has taken
The bacillus pestis is very easily killed
by disinfectants and germicides. A i per
cent, solution of carbolic acid or a i to 1000
bichloride will readily destroy it.
Mineral acids are also very effective, a i
to 1000 sulphuric acid solution kills them
in five minutes. Hydrochloric acid i to
1000 in 30 minutes.
Infected material remains active about
8 days, but in direct sunlight the bacilli
die in three to four hours.
In connection with the serum prophy-
laxis and serum therapy the sanitary con-
dition of the patient's environment is very
important. For room disinfection, for-
maldehyde and sulphur are recommended.
In this country we are more or less safe
from the disease even if introduced, but
the efficiency of our health officers will
doubtless prevent its introduction.
Though still very fatal in China and In-
dia, the plague has lost much of its viru-
lence since the i6th century and should it
ever gain a foothold in this country the
mortality rate would likely be comparative-
The American Year-Book of Medicine and Sur-
gery, being a Yearly Digest of Scientific
Progi-ess and Authoritative Opinion in All
Branches of Medicine and Surgery. Drawn
from Joui-nals, Monographs, and Text-Books
of the Leading American and Foregin Au-
thors and Investigators, Collected and Ar-
ranged with Critical Editoral Comments by
Twenty-eight of the Leading Specialties and
Writers of the Country, Under the General
Editorial Charge of George M. Gould, M.D.
Illustrated. The Two Volumes, Price Cloth,
$.3.00 per Volume: Half Morocco $3.75. Phila-
delphia. W. B. Saunders, 925 Walnut St.,
Heretofore this magnificent work has
been issued in one volume, but to make the
THE CHARLOTTE MEDICAL JOURNAL.
work less tiresome to hold in reading, as
well as for the convenience of specialists,
the publisher has issued this edition in two
volumes, a plan that will at once recom-
mend itself to all subscribers.
This work represents in a condensed
form the latest and best work of our pro-
fession. It hardly seems necessary to say
more to those who have had copies of former
years. The editor of the work is a man
who appreciates the wants of the profes-
sion, and the men who assist him as de-
partment editors are able men and well and
thoroughly qualified for the work. General
Surgery is the first topic under discussion
in the volume devoted to surgery. This sec-
tion of two hundred and twenty pages is ably
treated by W. W. Keen,M.D., and J. Chal-
mers DaCosta, M.D. iSeginning with Asep-
sis and Antisepsis you are lead along through
Erysipelas, Tetomes, &c., Cysts and
Tumors, Anesthetics, Diseases of the Eso-
phagus and Stomach, Diseases of the Peri-
toneum and Intestines, Appendicitis, Her-
mia. Diseases of the Liver, Diseases of the
Respiratory Organs, Diseases of the Lym.-
phatic System and Thyroid, Bone Diseases
and Fractures, Dislocations and Diseases of
the Joints, Veneral Diseases and Syphilis,
Diseases of the Brain and Nerves, Diseases
of the Kidneys and Ureters, Diseases of
the Penis, Urethra, and Testicle, Diseases
of the Bladder and Prostate, Burns, Ul-
cers, and Plastic Surgery, &c., giving un-
der each disease the latest and most mod-
ern scientific progress and research. Dr.
Bartin Cook Hirst and Dr. VV. A. New-
man Dorland next treats the subject of Ob-
stetrics covering 75 pages. One of the
nicest features of this section is the Micro-
scopy of Obstetrics, especially in fetal pa-
thology and the pathology of the fetal ap-
Drs. Baldy and Dorland give us 86 pages
on Gynecology. This chapter is beauti-
fully illustrated. Orthopoedic surgery is
also ably treated at the hands of Virgil P
Gibney, M.D., and J. Hilton Waternem
M.D. Next comes the Chapters on Op
thalmology by Howard Forde Hansell
M.D., and Wendell Reher, M.D., of Phil
adelphia. Otology is next discussed by
Dr. C. H. Burnett, Nose and Larynx, Drs.
Fletcher Ingals and Henry G. Ohls, and
the last chapter in this volume is from the
pen of that well known writer Dr. C. A.
Hamann, of Cleveland, Ohio.
We find in the volume on Medicine that
the same care and honest effort to give the
progress and research upon the subjects
herein found as in the volume on Surgery.
Nearly half of this volume is taken up
with General Medicine and is under the
careful supervision of Dr. Alfred Stengel,
General considerations regarding Infec-
tious Diseases is the first with which he
treats. Under this he includes the different
fevers in their various manifestations, the
bubonic plague, tuberculosis, pneumonia,
diseases of the stomach, &c. P'ollowing
this superb section is the one on Pediatrics
by Lewis Starr, M.D., and Alfred Hored,
Jr., M.D. Next comes Pathology, by
David Riesman, M.D., of Philadelphia.
Nervous and Mental Diseases are next dis-
cussed by Archibald Church, M.D., of
Chicago. Cutaneous Diseases and Syphilis
by Lewis A. Duhring, M.D., and Milton B.
Hartzell, M.D., furnish one of the most
important and useful sections in the entire
work. No less interesting and certainly as
important is the section on Materia Medica,
Experimental Therapeutics and Pharma-
cology, by Rynold \V. Wilcox, M.D., and
A. A. Stevens, M.D. ; Physiology, by G.
N. Stewart, of Cleveland, Ohio; Legal
Medicine by Wyatt Johnston, M.D., of
Montreal Canada ; Public Hygiene and
Preventive Medicine, by Samuel W.
Abbott, M.D. , Boston Mass., and Physi-
ologic Chemistry, by Walled Jones, M.D.,
and Reid Hunt, M.D., Baltimore, Md.,
are the four closing chapters of this volume.
It is impossible to give too much praise
to these excellent volumes. They hold
within their covers a record of practically
all the progress that has been made during
the year they claim to cover. They are not
only books for the student, the teacher and
the writer, but for the "busy phvsician,"
for here he will find the lastest ideas on the
treatment of every disorder, as well as the
latest views on the pathology of the most
common as well as the most obscure of dis-
eases. The two volumes contain near
1300 pages and a full and well arranged
index places all this vast amount of infor-
mation in easy reach of the student. The
volume are well illustrated and are a credit
to the enterprising publisher.
The Principles of Treatment and their Applica-
tions in Practical Medicine. By J. Mitchell
Bruce, M. A., M.D., F. R. C. P., Physician
and Lecturer on the Principles and Practice
of Medicine, Charing Cross Hospital, Consult-
ing Physician to the Hospital for Consump-
tives, Brompton ; Examiner in Medicine, Uni-
versity of Cambridge. Adapted to the United
States Pharmacopoeia by E. Quin Thornton,
M. D., Demonstrator of Therapeutics, Phar-
macy, and Materia Medica, Jefferson Medical
College, Philadelphia. Lea Brothers & Co.,
Philadelphia and New York. 1900.
This work is divided into two great divi-
THE CHAHLOTTE MEDICAL JOURNAL.
sions : Part I. Prii.ciples of Treatment
Part II. Illustrations of the Principles of
In the opening chapter the author uses
these words: "Therapeutics involves two
principle considerations : the ends to be at-
tained by treatment, and the means of at-
taining these ends. The -first of the sub-
jects is too often subordinated to the second.
A knowledge of ways and means is as nec-
essary as a knowledge of what requires to
be done, but must not usurp its place. The
first question in general therapeutics, as
well as in practice, is : What are the ob-
jects of treatment? The answer to this
question can be found only in one way ; by
an appeal to knowledge based on correct
observation." The above gives a general
plan and outline followed in the present
Chapter II. is devoted to Principles of
Treatment founded on aetiology. The first
group of recognized causes of disease which
the author examines in search for therapeu-
tical indications founded on ajtiology are
the pathogenetic micro-organisms. Ani-
mal Parasites, Poisons, Unsuitable Food,
Traumata, Mechanical Stress, Cold and
Heat. The next chapter is devoted to the
Principles of Treatment Founded on Path-
ology. Under this section the author gives
in fine form a therapeutical study of Inflam-
mation, Ulceration and Necrosis. Indica-
tions for treatment drawn from pathology,
possess many advantages. They bring the
practitioner face to face with the diseased
organ or tissue. They direct him to destroy
it, to sweep it away, to sacrifice the affected
part for the sake of the whole, to close a
broken vessel, to set a fractured bone, to
evacuate pus, to correct a deformity, to
promote the growth of a muscle. They are
not dependent on a knowledge of causes,
which are often obscure like that of syph-
ilis, or intangible like trauma, but on the
knowledge of the human body, the anatomy
of which, both normal and morbid, is fa-
miliar. Space will not allow a detailed re-
view of each chapter. In reading the
chapters in Part II. we were forcibly struck
with the perfect manner in which the au-
thor describes the treatment of the valvular
diseases of the heart, acute inflammation of
the heart, acute and chronic Bright's dis-
ease, acute bronchitis, pneumonia, typhoid
fever and others. Each disease is treated
from jetological indications, remedial treat-
ment, pathological indications, clinical in-
dications and indications from the causes.
At the close of each chapter he gives an
outline of Practice which gives the general
management of the case from its beginning
to its termination. Under this outline of
practice is given many excellent prescrip-
tions. This is unquestionably a very fine
feature of the book. We know of no work
that has been published that will beef more
universal value and aid to all classes of
physicians than the one before us. It is
unquestionably one of the best works that
has ever been given to the medical profes-
sion, and we feel it our duty to beg all pro-
gressive medical men to peruse its pages.
It is convenient in size, substantially bound
and beautifully printed.
Lea's Series of Pocket Text-Books. Edited by
Bern B. Grallaudet, M.D. Crockett's Gyneco-
log-y. A Pocket Text-Book of Diseases of
Women, by Montg-omery A. Crockett, A.B.,
M.D., Adjunct Professor of Obstetrics and
Clinical Gynecology, Medical Department of
the University of Buffalo, N. Y. In ono
Handsome 12mo. Volume of 368 pages, with
107 Illustrations. Cloth, $1.50 net. Flexible
red leather, $2.00 net. Lea Brothers & Co.,
Philadelphia and New York. February. 1900.
This one of Lea's Series of Pocket Text
Books is fully up to the standard set by the
numbers of this series which have already
appeared and this standard is high, vastly
higher than the average professional work
at such a popular price.
The author is well qualified to do his part
in bringing out a perfectly reliable and up-
to-date work on Gynecology and the liberal-
ity of the publisher has done the rest. For
the student this work is invaluable and for
the practitioner it is indispensable if he is
doing any gynecological work at all.
The chapter on Sterility is to the point
and presents the subject in a logical and
concise manner. The first three chapters
on Diagnosis, Local Treatment and Gyne-
cological Operations should be read over
once a month by e^'ery busy doctor.
The seventh chapter on Tumors is the
most important of all and is alone worth
the price of the book.
Recollections of a Rebel Surgeon (and other
sketches) or the Doctor's Sappy Days, By
F. E. Daniel, M.D. Illustrated, 1899. Von
Boeckmann, Schutze & Co. Austin, Texas.
The author of this book, Dr, Daniel, is
also editor of The Texas Medical Journal,
which Journal comes to our desk regularly
and with whose writings we are familiar.
Not only does the doctor edit a good Jour-
nal, but he also writes a good book. The
reminescences of "This Jolly Old Doctor"
have been told in a pleasing and very in-
teresting style. While they read novel
like, yet the writer states them all to be
facts. While most of them are humorous,
some sad, some pathetic, they are all actual
THE CHARLOTTE MEDICAL JOURNAL.
occurrences. As stated in the introduc-
tory, they do not relate to the professional
duties of the army surgeon (as might be
supposed from the title of the book), but
very little ; but are the most part recollec-
tions of fun, frolic, fishing or flirting, as
the case may be, "Enduring of the War,"
in the doctor's -'sappy days."
The book contains 264 pages and is
bound in a neat red back binding.
Dudley's Gynecology. A Treatise on the Prin-
ciples and Practice of Gynecology. By E. C.
Dudley, A. M., M. D., Professor of Gynecology
in the Northwestern University Medical
School, Chicago. New (2d) edition. In one
very handsome octavo volume of 717 pages
with 453 engravings of which 47 are in colors
and 8 colored plates. Just ready. Cloth,
$5.00, net. Leather, $6.00. Philadelphia :
Lea Brothers & Co.
The first edition of this work having been
exhausted in a year proves the success of
Dudley's Gynecology, both in plan and ex-
ecution. The author has covered the entire
subject from a practical standpoint, avoid-
ing all speculative and theoretical views.
This edition is the result of a searching re-
vision, visible not alone on every page, but
also in the addition of seventy-eight pages,
thirty-one new engravings, and six new full
page plates. The book on pathological
lines is divided into six parts, as follows :
I. General Principles; II, Inflammations;
III. ' Tumors, Malformations, and Tubal
Pregnancy; IV. Traumatism; V. Displace-
ments and Pelvic Massage. Part VI. Dis-
orders of Menstruation and Sterility. By
this classification, rather pathological than
regional, the reader, especially in the part
on inflammations, will gain a better grasp
of the sequence and significance of each
In this edition the functional disorders of
Menstruation and Sterility have been
brought together into four new chapters :
Chapter LI, Premature Menstruation, Pro-
tracted Menstruation, Amenorrhoea, and
Scanty Menstruation ; Chapter LII. On
Menorrhagia and Mentrorrhagia ; Chapter
LIII. On Dysmenorrhoea, and Chapter
LIV. On Sterility, These chapters consti-
tute an entirely new part of the book. Part
VI, There will be found much new matter
in the chapters on Cystitis and Diagnosis,
Every chapter and nearly every page will
show evidence of revision, either verbal or
essential. This work brings together the
fully matured and essential facts in the
science and art of gynecology, so arranged
to meet the requirements of the student of
medicine, and be a safe guide to the practi-
tioner for reference. Every subject is clearly
describedjwith the author's method of treat-
ment. The numerous illustrations are very
clear and comprehensive. The edition is
very handsome, and we commend it highly.
The Principles and Practices of Modern Sur-
gery . For the use of Students and Practi-
tioners of Medicine and vSurgery. By John
B. Roberts, M.D. , Professor of Anatomy
and Surgery in the Philadelphia Polyclinic;
Mutter Lecturer on Surgical Pathology of
the College of Physicians of Philadelphia.
New (2d) and Revised Edition. In one very
Handsome Volume of 838 pages, with 474 En-
gravings and 8 Plates in Colors and Mono-
chrome. Cloth $4.25, net: leather, $5.25, net.
Lea Brothers &Co., Philadelphia, Pa.
In this work the author gives to the pro-
fession in a condensed form the accepted
and approved procedures of Modern Sur-
gery. The rapid advances made in every
department of surgery has rendered this
the revised second edition necessary. It
will prove a useful guide to the student in
the beginning of his surgical work, and
also assist the general practitioner in the
sokition of the surgical problems which may
from time to time be presented to him. In
accordance with these objects the book is
eminently a practical one. It meets the re-
quirements of both the student and prac-
titioner, affording elementary instruction
to the one, and serving as a book or refer-
ence in doubtful and complicated cases to
the other. The work is divided into two
grand divisions : General Surgical Patho-
logy or Principles of Surgery and Special
Surgical Pathology or Practice of Surgery.
The opening chapter in the work is devoted
to the all-important subject of inflamma-
tion, giving its causes, pathology symp-
toms, varieties and treatment, A great
deal of space has been allotted to modern
pathology and asepsis, without a knowl-
edge of which no surgeon can do satisfac-
tory work. The author has paid special
attention to the subject of fractures and
dislocations, having discussed them in a
practical and comprehensive manner, be-
cause of their daily importance to the prac-
titioner of medicine and surgery. In this
the second edition the author has entirely
rewritten the articles on Appendicitis, Dis-
eases and Injuries of Joints, Diseases and
Injuries of the Genito Urinary Organs,
Dislocations, Excisions and Amputations,
making them up to date in every sense.
The volume has been indexed very thorough-
ly and can be used most satisfactory as a
book of reference. The style of the author
is clear and scholarly and the publishers'
part of the volume is all that could be de-
THE CHARLOTTE MEDICAL JOORNAL.
Memoirs of a Revolutionist. By P. Ki-opoticin.
Boston and New York : Houghton, Mifflin &
In the introductory it is stated that there
are at this moment only two great Russians
who think for the Russian people, and
whose thoughts belong to mankind — Leo
Tolstoy and Peter Kropotkin. Tolstoy has
often told us in poetical shape, parts of his
life. Kropotkin gives us here for the first
time, without any poetical recasting, a
rapid survey of his whole career. One will
find in this volume a combination of all the
elements out of which an intensely eventful
life is composed; idyl and tragedy, drama
ad nromance. The childhood in Moscow
and in the country, the portraits of his
mother, sisters, and teachers, or of the old
and trusty servants, and the many pictures
of patriarchal life are done in such a mas-
terly way that every heart will be touched
by them. In certain parts of the work we
find the sensational element that belongs to
the novel. The book is prettily bound and
Village Life in China. A. Study in Sociology.
By Arthur H. Smith, D. D., Author of "Chi-
nese Characteristics," with illustrations. New
York, Chicago, Toronto : Fleming H. Revell
Company, Publishers of Evangelical Litera-
The writer of this book is thoroughly
familiar with the Chinese people, and by
an extended experience in China, has come
to feel a profound respect for the numerous
admirable qualities of the Chinese, and to
entertain for many of them a high personal
esteem. He states that an unexampled past
lies behind this great race, and before it
there may lie a wonderful future. China
was never so much in the world's thought
as to-day, nor is there any apparent likeli-
hood that the position of this Empire will
be less conspicuous at the opening of the
twentieth century. The customs of this
people, their mode of living, their habits,
their religious observations, their family
life are all graphically and well described by
the writer. The illustrations are many and
handsomely displayed. The volume fur-
nishes interesting reading.
Through Unexplored Asia. By William Jame-
son Reid. Illustrated by L. G. Bridgman.
Boston : Dana, Estes & Company, Publishers.
The present volume is an account of a
journey of exploration through the hitherto
unknown regions of Western China and
Eastern Thibet, during the year 1894, in
conjunction with the late George Burton.
The facts relating to the scenes which trans-
pired in this huge undertaking are told in
a most thrilling manner. The history of
the defiant natives, their mode of living, the
hardships of this adventurous journey is
told in a novel like way, aflfording interest-
ing and exciting reading. It is a very
pretty volume of nearly five hundred pages,
nicely illustrated and printed in large clear
Out of the Past. By Eleanor Hooper Coryell.
New York: Street & Smith, Publishers, 238
This book contains 168 pages, and is
clearly printed and neatly bound. The
story is told in an interesting and pleasing
Leaders in Typhoid Fever. By E. B. Nash, M.
D., Author of ' Leaders in Homeopathic Ther-
apeutics." Philadelphia: Boerick ilt Tafel.
This little work gives the leading homeo-
pathic remedies indicated in typhoid fever,
with their diflferentiations. It forms a very
neat little book.
Transactions of the Louisiana State Medical So-
ciety, at its Twentieth Annual Session, held
at New Orleans, La., May 16, 17, 18, 1899.
New Orleans : Searcy & Pfaff. 1899.
These transactions are always welcome
to our table. They give the minutes of this
well organized Society very carefully and
in a condensed form. Many papers of note
and merit were read at this meeting and the
discussions are very good. Dr. Hermann
B. Gessner is Secretary, and Dr. W. G.
Owen is President. They are printed neat-
ly and have a good binding.
The American Monthly Review of Re-'
views for March discusses the war in South
Africa in its various phases, the Hay-Paun
cefote treaty, the Puerto Rican tariff, our
situation in the Philip.pines, the steamship
subsidy bill, the Kentucky disorders. Gover-
nor Roosevelt's administration in New
York, the approaching Presidential cam-
paign, and many other timely topics.
The Living Age announces a four-part
story, called "Misunderstandings," trans-
lated from the French of Madame Blanc, to
begin in the number for March 3. The
"misunderstandings" referred to arise from
the free and unconventional conduct of an
American girl in Paris, and the story is, -in
effect, a new "Daisy Miller" from the Pa-
risian point of view.
THE CHARLOTTE MEDICAL JOURNAL.
The Forum for March contains its usual
array of timely and interesting articles. No
dull contribution graces its pages. Among
the twelve papers to be found in this num-
ber are "Government Deposits in Banks"
bv George E. Roberts, director of the Uni-
ted States Mint. Mr. Henry O. Dwight
discusses "Our Mohammedan Wards;"
George F. Becker, United States Geologist,
portrays "Rights and Wrongs in South Af-
rica ;""F, Cunliffe-Ovven writes entertain-
ingly of "Englishmen in the United
States;" William Ordway Partridge, the
celebrated sculptor-author, contributes an
article on "The True Relation of Sculpture
to Architecture;" Ho Yow, Chinese Con-
sul-General to the United States, gives his
views concerning "Western Benefits
Through China's Developmer t ;" and Prof.
W. P. Trent furnishes a review of "Mr.
Stephen Phillip's Play."
Wm. Geddes, M. D., 1720 14th St.,
Washington, D. C, says: Aletris Cordial
has proven, in a case of dysmenorrhea of
some years standing, wonderfully efficacious
and has, apparently, given to the sufferer
complete relief. This being the first case
in which I have had occasion to try the
Aletris Cordial, and sufficient time having
elapsed for me to speak of the permanence
of the cure, I can say that I propose to con-
tinue the use of Aletris Cordial in all such
cases, and wherever a uterine tonic is indi-
ABSTRACTS of the One Hundred
Leading Articles of the Month.
Gastrointestinal Infection in Infants.
Not every disease of the child's alimen-
•tary tract is an expression of some infection
but many of the diseases of infancy start as
indigestions says I. A. Abt in Medicine for
Booker's classification of acute diarrheas
is quoted. The first class is simply dys-
pepsia and is non-inflamm.atory ; the second
is characterized by moderate elevation of
temperature and a considerable degree of
toxemia and bacilli are present in great
numbers as the colon bacillus, bacillus lactis