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The rigki o/ptiblithing Tranilation* of Article* in thii Magazine it reserted.

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A Glance at the Situation ....... 1

TkB Combat of the Thirty. From an old Breton Laj of the Fourteenth

Century. Bj WiUiam Harrison Ainsworth . « . 5, 445

The Ghost of &dnt Peter's. By Dudley Costello . • . .11

Tlie PoslcmDoor. By the Author of " Moat-Gnaige'* . .19

Up Among the Pandies : or, the Personal Adyeiitures and Experiences of

a Feringhee. Being Sketches in India, taken on the Spot

33, 804, 281, 481, 530, 611
The Pleasures of the Table . .40

My Canary who cares for Nothing. By Walter Thombury . 52

A Legend of Sainte-Barbe . ' . . .53

Faint Heart never Won Fair Lady. A Modem Story. By Dudley Cot-

tcllo . . . . . . H18«

The Wits of Paris 72

From Sydney to England, yi& Paniuna . .80

Min^e-Maugle by Monkshood :

EetrosTCctiveBeTiewals: XI.— Dllrf^ . . .95

Of Old Wom^ 239

OfOldMaid^T 344

A Bright View of Reform Ill

Becollections of Charles Strange .... 117, 290, 371, 615
Diary of Lady Morgan . . .132

Bhymes for Saby Alice. By Walter Thombury . . .137

The Horrible Revenge. A Proverb. By Henry Spicer, Esq. . . 138

The Anima" Pewters" 146

Michelet on Love .... ... 151

Sir Henry Sydney's Autobiography. By Fitz-Herbert. . . 155, 386

The Dinner Question. Discussed by an Eight Hundred a Year Man . 166

The Commercial Room at W . . . . .172

A Frenchman m Kentucky ...... 179

Walpole's Letters, Complete . . . . . .186

New-Book Notes by Monkshood :

Prescott's History of Philip the Second ..... 211

The State of Affairs : Political and Literary . .221

The History of Mr. Miranda. By Dudley Costello . 225, 428, 460, 628

Sflver-Shoe. By Walter Thombury. Epsom Steeple-races— 1858 . 237

The Duchess of Orleans 255

Uncle Henry's Story : The Knight Banneret. By Henry Spioer, Esq. . 264

•nie Wanderer ^ . 277

To Robert Bums. After a Hundred Years. By Louisa Stuart Costello . 288
The Last Journals of Horace Walpole ..... 304
A Day in the House of Commons. The Third of February . 312

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Alexandre Dumas in St. Petersburg . . . .317

Books and Pictures ...... . 331

Bashwood's Drae ; or, the Derby, and what came of it. By Ouida 335, 487
The Last Witch-burning. By Walter Thombury . . .355

The Kinc^s Head at Tamworth . . .358

Political Memoirs : M. Guizot and Lord John Russell . . . 364

Notes for Gold 392

Poems and Ballads of Goethe ..... . 401

The Ediques of St. Philomele. A Le^nd of Mugnano . . . 406

Br^ing the Ice. A Modest Confession After the Style of an Ameri-
oan Poet. By George Moore ..... . 410

Magic and Mystery ....... 412

Pot-Pourri of Art and Literature ..... . 441

Rouge etNoir ........ 472

George IV. and his Court ....... 479

Thanatos Athanatos. A Medley ...... 210

Rachel, as the Exponent of Tragedy in France .... 497

The Jacobite Fiddler. By Walter (Thombury . . . .639

Miscellanies by Monkshood :

The Guildhall White Book 641

Essayists and Reviewers : XIV. — Hartley Coleridge . . ,581

At Home and Abroad ...... . 551

Carlyon's Vacation : how he trolled for Jack and got hooked by Cupid.

By Ouida 555

'Rie Birth of Gunpowder. By Walter Thombury . . .592

Blanche Level ......... 594

Alexander von Humboldt ....... 620

Piedmont and French Intervention . . . . . 640

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Is « The Situatioh ** so very bad?

There are two ways of answering the Question : the one, by conipar-
iD^it ifitb what it was a year ago ; the other, by direct examination*

Besides the daim which erery New Year asserts, we are obviously
compeDed to &n back a whole twelyemonth in instituting^ any com-
parison, by the well-remembered fact that in Januaiy last Uie destinies
of the coontiy were under the control of a Whig Cabinet. If, after the
iDtrodnction of Lord Palmerston's ** Conspiracy Bill,^ one can suppose
sodi a conation of ihings as The Situation Uniutered, it could only have
remained so at the eipense of the national honour, already compromised
by the Whigs on the Neapolitan Question, but then wholly committed by
thdr base suhaervieDce to Coimt Walewski's dictation. Fortunately ^' the
unassailable majority'* of Lord Palmerston turned out a sham : the wind-
bag collapsed on the very first pressure, and to men who understood the
dignity no less than the real interests of the country was left the task of
repairmg the lamentable errors of their predecessors. Nobody, tTierefbre,
save those who lost office, its concomitant sweets and contingent advan-
tages, can adduce Ae state of affiairs at the opening of Parliament in
1858 as a *' Situatioa'* to be admired; anything, indeed, must be better
than that! On the other hand, every question of difficulty bequeathed
to us by the Whigs has been satisfactorily disposed of by the present
eovemment. The firm yet oondliatory attitude of Lord Derby imme-
diately restored its true character to the relations which should subsist
between England and France; while the prompt vigour of Lord Malmes-
bary at onoe obtained from the King of mples those concessions which
Lord Clarendoa was either too timid or too subservient to demand. The
Whigs, it seems, arrogate to themselves exclusive credit for the employ-
meot abroad of efficient public servants, and point especially to the
policy of Lords Elgin and Canning respectively as the results of their
political foresight. We will not attempt to deny the merits of either of
those noble loras, but if, in China, Lord Elgin was a success, what are
we to think of Sir John Bowring, whose errors made Lord Elgin a
necessity? In Iii^a, too^ setting aside for the moment the Delegate
who has done his work so well, how, we may ask, would that delegate
have been supported in the arduous task of restoring confidence in the
British government to the inhabitants of Hindostan, if such a man as
Mr. Vernon Smitb had continued at the head of Indian affairs? On the


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converse of the question we need not dwell : Lord Stanley's Proclama-
tioDy which has already wrought such manrellous results, is of itself a
sufficient reply. The management of our colouiai possessions, under
Whig supennteudencey was always remarkable for the undisguised hos-
tility which it eroked. How completely that feeling has subsided since
the accession to office of a ConservatiTe ministry is everywhere apparent*
We now see a generous confidence on one side met by the most cordial
acknowledgments on the other, and the mutual ties lletween the parent
state and her numerous offi^prinr strengthened in every direction. la
the conduct of domestic affairs the same uniformity of progress has been
developed. To use the words of a writer (whose very clever brochure is
now lying before us),* in relation to the performances of the present
ministry, " It has already won for itself a reputation. It has traversed
a busy, energetic laborious session without a single reverse, with scarcely
one solitary blunder. It has added various and important reforms to the
statute-book. It has reorganised, and by reoreanising consolidated the
whole fabric of our Indian government. It has in a totally opposite
direction driven home the wedge for the subversion of another monstrous
anomaly in the conduct of the affairs of our vast and scattered posses-
sions. For by resolutely summoning a new colony into existence, in the
instance of Britbh Columbia, it has secured to the empire a guarantee
for the overthrow of the Hudson's Bay Company's monopoly, and for
the opening up to Anglo-Saxon energies of our gigantic but hitherto
neglected North American dominions."

But we are told that the experimentum crucis has yet to be made;
the test by which Lord Derby's cabinet is to stand or fall remains to be
essayed ; the new Reform Bill is the implement by which the overthrow
of the Conservative ministry is to be accomplished. Let this be so, but
tell urn a little more. Say from what quarter this pregnant mischief
threatens ! We scarcely apprehend it from Lord John, who, if he have a
project, not addled by too long hatching, has no party. Certainly not
m>m Lord Palmerston, who avowedly never had a project, and whom
even Mr. Lowe admits to be without supporters. Have committee-room
No. II a measure in preparation? But they have neither head nor tail,
can do nothing of Uiemselves, and assuredly won't do anything for the
men whom their disaffection drove out of office. Is it to be the house-
hold suffrage scheme of Mr. Bright — or Blight— or whatever the
truculent demagogue likes best to be called ? Or is the danger to arise
firom within — from the incompleteness of the measure which the cabinet
itself has undertaken to bring before Parliament ? In this last question,
without doubt, lies the hope of tiie Whig party, as represented, for the
nonce, by the late Lord Advocate of Scotiand, who tried to mystify his
constituents at Leith the other day, by telling them that if Lord Pal-
merston had *' had iime^* he would have brought in no end to a Seform
Bill ! But, since parliamentary reform must needs be, we see no reason
why a bill as satisfactory to the country as anything that Mr. Bright or
the Whigs can produce should not proceed from the men who are
avowedly the most capable ministry that modem combinations have wit-

* The Derby Miniatry. Kentledge and Ca

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nened. We bdierey moreoyery that they will do so, aod for that leatoo
alone we have no fear for ** The Situation."

Without haTing derdoped any very extraordinanr featares, the Literaxy
u atuation'* daring the past year has heen satisfoctory, and its present
aspect is enoooragiDg. The hook of roost roark in 1868 was, unqaes-
tionablj^ Mr. Cariyle's ** Friedrich the Second," an instaknent <mly — and
in that respect a ^aj^intment — hut, so for as it went, a most complete
and noticeable work, foil of the peculiarities of the writer, hut pregnant
with rtre information ; at once a strikiog biography and a remarkable
contribution to history. These characteristics manifested themselTes
also in Mr. Fonter^s " Essays," reproduced with large additions from
ihe Quarterly and Edinburgh Reviews; and to the same category,
as ''M^moires pour servir," belonged Mr. Sandford*s ** Studies of
^ Great Rebellion," and Mr. Massey's ''History of England," with
its shrewd obserrations on men, and its picturesque descriptions of man-
ners. Mr. Merivale*8 yaluable '' History of the Romans," Mr. Froude's
continuation of Aw '' England," and Mr. Buckle's '' History of Cirilisa-
tion," are works whose place is now well assured. An enduring value
equal to that of its predecessors attaches also to the continuation of the
** Sopplementary Despatches of the Duke of Wellinfi^ton," paralleled on
the other side of the water by the commencement of a Napoleon series.
Books of travely seldom wantme to our literature, have been abundant-
some of them of first-rate quality. In this class we may rank the con-
cluding volumes of Dr. Barth's ** Africa," so reliable in all its details ;
Captain Yule's " Ava," replete with the most curious descriptions ; the
Bev. Mr. King's ** Italian Valleys of the Alps," teeming with interest
in ev^ page ; Professor Piazxi Smyth's " TenerifTe," as picturesque as
scientific ; Signer Gallenga's ** Country Life in Piedmont," a woric full
of fresh and vivid pictures ; Mr. Clarke's " Peloponnesus," the vigorous
truth of which somewhat rudely disturbs many a cherished illusion ; and
Colonel Walmesley's *' Algeria," which pleasantly occupies a place and"
way between travel and narrative.

Amongst the biographical works of the year. Dr. Wiseman's ^' Recol-
lections of the Four last Popes" are chiefly commended to notice by
Signer Gavazsi's sharp and witty refutation, under a similar title, of every
opnion, and almost every statement in them. Of the same degree of
merit as an antidote — applying, however, to history rather than Ino-
graphy — is Louis Blanc's clear and crushing reply to the glaring inaceu-
rades and feeble twaddle of Lord Normanby's *< Historical Revelations."
Mr. Hogg's "Life of Shelley," not yet finished, is a work of such
elaborato and unnecessary detail that we feel no desire to witness its
campletion ; while of Mr. Trelawny's vainglorious <' Recollections of the
Ltft Days of Byron and Shelley" we refrain from expressing the opinion
prompted by a just indignation. The " Life of Pope," by Mr. Carruthers,
has, we trust, at last settled a question long disturbative to one eminent
editorial mind : the fact whether the poet's great aunt or stepmother (we
^get which) had a certain seat in a certain pew in Twickenham Church.
The <* Ufe of Watt," by Mr. Muirhead, might have been a work of general
interest, hot the bitter personalities with which the editor has stained his
pagei make one deeply regret that the task of writmg the philosopher's


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memmrs should have fkUen to the lot of oae utterir disqualified from im->
dertaking it by a temper so infirm and a miod so deeplr prejudiced.

The best works of fiction daring the past year are to oe found amongst
the serial pubfieatbns. Sir E. B. Ljttoo* in eom^tang '^ What will
he do with it ?" has produced his masterpiece ; Mr. Shirley Brooka
has exceeded all his former ^Ebrts in *<The Goidian Knot;*^ and
the Dffogress which Mr. Thackeray has made with his '^ Viiginiaas **
justifies us in arriying at a similar conclusion. We can say nothing, of
course, of Mr. Dudley Costello's '' Faint Heart Never Won Fair Lady.**
Mr. Thombury's *^ Every Man his own Trumoeter^ will not go down
the stream without being happily associated wita the picturesque period
of whadi it treats; and the fact alone that a great soldier couki write a
stimng novel will send many a reader to the " William the Conqueror"
of the late Sir Charles Ni^ier. A charming tale, '* Maud Bingley,'*
must not pass unnoticed. Neither must we omit to mention a clever
story for boys hy Mr. William Dalton, « The War Tiger." At the mis-
cellaneous contributk)ns to literature our glance must, of necessity, be
rapid; but it takes in Mr. Gladstone's ^ Sti]^ies on Homer and the
Homeric Ages," a work full of thought and scholarship ; Mr. Ruskin's
^^ Cambridge School of Art," disputatious and paradoxical, but over^
flowing with eloquent expression; Mr. Morley's ^Bartholomew Fair,'*
learned, accurate, humorous, and in the highest degree entertaining;
and Mr. Fitiball's very amusing reeoilectioos of his dramatic career. 1^
Indian Crisis furnished, as a matter of course, a large quota to the
current fiterature of the year, which will be sufficiently recalled to memory
when we mention Uie names of Grubbins, Rees, Anderson, Folehampton,
Rotton, Birch, Bourchier, and Edwards. In poetry one name stands
foremost — that of Miss Adelaide Fh>etor; Mr. Bailey's satire, *^The
Age," was an acknowledged failure, and we fear we can say little else of
*' The Courtship of Miles Standish," by the facile princeps o( hexameters.
On the other hand, Mr. I^holas Michell's polished poem, " Pleasure,"
has achieved a merited success. Periodical fiterature may count amongst
the gains of 18d8 the new life which has been infosea into the pages
of the Literary Gazette since it passed under the control of its present
accomplished editor : sound criticism, honest opinions, and Imlliant writmg,
are the characteristics by which tiiat publication is now distinguished.

With respect to the Dramatic ^ situation^" we should be deeply un«
g^tefnl to Mr. Charles Kean if we did not oSer him our most unfeigned
thanks for the extraordinary efforts which he has made to render the
period of his managemkent at the Princess's Theatre an epoch in the Art
which he loves so well and has illustrated by so much genius. That the
season before us should be his last affords mattar for deep regret, but to
him, at least, there will be the consolation of its being remembered as
the most brilliant in the annals of the stage.

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1S^ (Stmhut of t]^ ^]ft{rtB.

feom an old bsetok lay of the foubtsehth cxhtvxt.
Bt William Harbisok Aihswobth.

Here begiu ^ Batik of Thirty Enfflishmem againgi Thirty
Bretansy toUcA took place in Brittany in the Year of Grace One
T%ouMand Three Hundred and Fijty, on Satwrdayy the Vigil of
Sunday Letare Jerosalem.*

iFStte 5< ^X%t

Seigkeubs, loiights, baronsy bannerets, and bachelors, I praj,
Bishops and abbots, holy clerks, heralds and minstrels gaj,
Ye valiant men of all degrees, give ear unto my lay.
Attend, I say, and ve shall hear how Thir^ ^gbshmen,
As lions brave, did battle give to Bretons three times teiL
And sith the storv of this nght I shall tell faithfully,
A hundred years nereafler it shall remembered be.
And warriors hoar recount it then to children on the knee.


In stories where good precept with ensample ye unite.
All men of worth and wisdom take exceeoin^ great delight ;
Only envious knaves and fidtours treat such ditties with despite.
Wherefore, without further prelude, I will now the tale recito
Of the Combat of the Thirty — that most memorable fight I
Beseeching Christ, our blessed Lord, in whom we place our trust,
Kty to have on those who fought, sith most of them are dust.t

Befi>re the Gsstle of Aurai stout Daggeiworth| had been shdn^
Worsted in a rude encounter with ue Baroni of fteta^ne;
But his death, as ye shall hear anc«, proved a loss and not a gain.

• March 87. 135L (Newfityk.)

t Some of the Kni^ts engaged in the Combat of Timtj were sEre when the
aatiun* of the Laj wrote bis J^lation. Froissart mentions that lie saw at tlie
taUe of Ghazles V. scTend of these warriors^ whose gashed countenances pro-
dabned that, ** la besogne fnt bien combattue," — amongst otben Yyes CharraeL
t "Sir Thomas Dagjgeworth" (styled Dagome in the Lay) "was appointed
Commander in Brittany, by writ of priyy seal, dated Eending, January 10,

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For while lie ruled within Aurai no tiller of the soil,

Nor any peaceful citizen the English mote despoil.

But when he fell, Pembroke* arose, a chief with iron hand,

Who Daggeworth's treaty broke straightway, and ravaged all the

"Now, by Saint Thomas 1** Pembroke swore, "arenged shall

Daggeworth be !
Such ingrate knaves as these to spare were sinful clemencj.^
And well he kept his ruthless tow, for when he took Ploermel,
Small mercy did he show to those within his power who fell.
Sore wasted he the country round, until that nappy day
When Beaumanoir, the Baron good, to Ploermel took his way;
From Josselin Castle did he come to aid the hapless folk
Who groaned, unpitied, tmrelieved, 'neath Pemoroke's cruel yoke.
As Beaumanoir and his esquires the English camp drew nigh,
Full many a captive they beheld lamentmg dolefully.
For some they saw chamed hand and foot — some by tiie thumbs

were tied, —
Together link'd by twos and tiirees — torment on every side.


When Beaumanoir and his esquires in Pembroke's presence stood,
Thus haughtily the mail-clad throng bespoke tiie Baron good.
" Ye knignts of England, valiant sirs, I pray ye^ list to me,
The helpless captive to maltreat is shame to chivalry.
And if the peaceful husbandman ye torture and ye kill,
Whom shall ye find your vines to dress — ^who will your granaries

Trust me, brave sirs^ ye do great wrong, and there an end must be,
As ye do hope for grace yourselves, of this severity.'*

** Baron de Beaumanoir^" quoth Pembroke, " hold your peace,
For till our conquest be assured, these things shall never cease.
Question thereon there must be none. Now. mark well what I say.
A noble duchy in Bretaigne Montfort shall have alway —

1847."-— F^sdb-a. Dasgeworth commanded the Castle of Aural for the Countess
of Montfort. His defeat and death are thus described by IVoissart. "In the
beginning of August in the year 1350, Raoul de Cahours and many other knights
and squires, to the number of one hundred men-at^ums, or thereabouts, com-
bated with the commander for the King of !l^land in Brittany, called Sir
Thomas Daggeworth, before the Castle ol Aural Sir Thomas and all his men
were slain, to the amount of about one hundred men-at-arms."

* Sir Bobert Pembroke. The author of the Lay calls him Bomebourc, and
the French chroniclers write the name '.indifferenU^ Bembro and Brandebourg.
Ormerod, in his Memoir of Sir Hugh Calverley, referring to the Combat of the
Thirty, states that "the English commander at Ploem^ is supposed to haye
been Sir Bichard Greenacre, of Merlay."

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From PontoTson tolTaiites— from Nantes to Saint Mah&
Iliis shall he have. But of all France crown'd king shall Ed-
ward be,
And 80 on erery side extend our English masteiji
Maugre the boastful French, and their allies, perdy !"

Made answer then the Baron ^ood, and stoutly thus did say—
^ Songez un autre songe, messire, cestui est mal songd.
Not half a foot, Sir Robert, shall you advance that way.
A truce to idle taunts ! — ^fanfaronades are naught, —
And those who loudest prate do least, as I've been taught.

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