Charles E. (Charles Elliott) Fitch.

Encyclopedia of biography of New York, a life record of men and women whose sterling character and energy and industry have made them preëminent in their own and many other states (Volume 5) online

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Graves, who served six years in the Revo-
lutionary War, enlisting from Connecti-
cut. The family came from England in
1643, where many of its members were
connected with the royal army and navy.
Benjamin Graves, whose wife was a cousin
of Mary Stark, of Bennington fame, came
on foot from Connecticut to Westmore-
land, Oneida county. New York, and set-
tled there at a very early date. He made
frequent trips to Salt Point when the site
of Syracuse was largely a swamp. He
died March 23, 1868, aged eighty-four
years. Of his eight children Abial Stark
lived in Westmoreland and died Febru-
^'■y 3 1905. aged eighty-three years. He
enlisted in Company I, Eighty-first Regi-
ment, New York Volunteers, in 1862, and
was discharged in 1865. His wife's family
came from England and settled in Con-
necticut in 1637. Her father, Eli Broc-
kett, came to Westmoreland at an early
date, served as captain at Sacketts Har-

bor, in the War of 1812, and died in Au-
gust, 1871, aged eighty-five years.

Maurice A. Graves was born in West-
moreland, New York, April 2;^, 1846. He
received a district school education in his
native town, and came to Syracuse in
September, 1865. He was bookkeeper for
the old Fourth National Bank and for the
wholesale tea and coflfee house of F. H.
Loomis, three years each, and afterward
occupied various responsible positions.
In 1875 he became a bookkeeper for John
Crouse & Company, the largest wholesale
grocery establishment in Central New
York, and six months later was made
financial manager, having entire charge
of the collecting department, a position
he held until the firm went out of busi-
ness in February, 1887. He continued as
confidential man to John and D. Edgar
Crouse until the former's death, June 25,
1889, and then remained in the same ca-
pacity with D. Edgar until his death, No-
vember 10, 1892. Meanwhile Mr. Graves
closed up the estate of John J. Crouse,
the business of John Crouse & Company,
and the estate of the late John Crouse, all
involving extensive interests in Syracuse
and elsewhere. D. Edgar Crouse, by his
will, appointed him one of his executors,
and early in 1893 ■'^f''- Graves commenced,
with Jacob A. Nottingham, the settle-
ment of that well-known estate, to which
he has since largely given his attention.
He is also interested in various other
business enterprises. In 1893 he pur-
chased of the George F. Comstock estate,
the Comstock farm of one hundred and
five acres, lying east of the university,
and laid out a large part of it in building
lots. This tract is known as University
Heights, and is one of the largest pieces
of city real estate which one man alone
ever attempted to develop. Here, on the
most elevated point, Mr. Graves erected
in 1895, a handsome dwelling, in which
he stored his valuable library of about



two thousand five hundred volumes, many
of them very rare and obtained at great

Mr. Graves has never sought political
office, but his public spirit and patriotism
led him on September 8, 1862, to enlist in
Company I, Eighty-first New York Vol-
unteers, in which he served until Decem-
ber, 1864, when he was transferred to
Company I, Tenth Veteran Reserve
Corps, which was stationed in Washing-
ton during the last year of the Rebellion,
guarding the White House, War Depart-
ment, and other public buildings. He
was present at President Lincoln's sec-
ond inauguration, took an active part in
the exciting scenes attending the Presi-
dent's assassination, and has in his pos-
session the drum that sounded the call
for the first troops on that occasion. He
also participated in the funeral obsequies
and other events, including the grand re-
view, when he was stationed with his
drum corps opposite the grandstand to
salute the regimental colors as they
passed. He was honorably discharged,
July 18, 1865, and since September of that
year has resided in Syracuse, where he
has taken an active part in church and
missionary work. He was for many years
a deacon and trustee of the Dutch Re-
formed church in James street, and for
some time was engaged in Sunday school
mission work in connection with the
Young Men's Christian Association.
About 1882 he was elected superintend-
ent of Rose Hill Mission (Sunday school)
and continued in that capacity for twelve
years. In 1886 this mission was reorgan-
ized into the Westminster Presbyterian
Church, largely through the zealous
labors of Mr. Graves, who was elected
one of the first trustees, a position he held
for some time, was an elder in that church
for ten years. He was for several years
a member of Syracuse Presbytery, and in
1894 was elected a delegate to the general

assembly held at Saratoga. He is a mem-
ber of the Citizens' Club; Masonic Club;
Anglers' Association ; Root Post, No. 151,
Grand Army of the Republic ; General
Sniper Camp, No. 166, Sons of Veterans;
Syracuse Lodge, No. 501, Free and Ac-
cepted Masons ; Central City Comman-
dery. No. 25, Knights Templar; Central
City Consistory, Supreme Princes of the
Royal Secret, thirty-second degree ; Zi-
yara Temple, Mystic Shrine, and the Ma-
sonic Veteran Association.

Mr. Graves married, January 17, 1872,
Christina, daughter of Philetus Reed, of
Syracuse, and they have three children :
Nathan R., Alice R., and Helen B.

SCOTT, Frederick Bartlett,

Manufacturer, Financier.

There is no rule for achieving success.
Many theories have been advanced and
much has been written on the subject,
and yet investigation into the lives of suc-
cessful men brings to light the fact that
they owe their progress and prosperity,
not to any favorable chance, but to the
untiring labor which, carefully directed
by sound judgment, never fails to win a
merited reward. This statement finds
verification in the life of Frederick Bart-
lett Scott, of Syracuse, president of the
Syracuse Supply Company, and holding
that and other official position in a num-
ber of other corporations. It has been his
watchfulness of the trade, his careful rec-
ognition of the demands of the public,
and his strong and steady purpose to
achieve success through persistent and
honorable labor, that has gained for him
his present prosperity.

Leonard W. Scott, a descendant of the
kings of Holland, was born in Johns-
town, Fulton county, New York, and died
in Syracuse, New York, in February,
1882. Having taken up his residence in
Onondaga county. New York, he was for



many years a dealer in carriages in Syra-
cuse, becoming later a contractor on an
extended scale. He married Harriet Bart-
lett, a Puritan descendant, who was born
in Cleveland, New York, and died in 1904.
They have five children of whom the only
survivor at the present time is :

Frederick Bartlett Scott, who was born
in Constantia, Oswego county, New York,
September 26, 1857. He attended the
public schools of his native town until
the age of fourteen years, when the family
removed to Syracuse, and his education
was completed in the public schools of
that city. His entrance upon his busi-
ness career was as an employe of S. P.
Pierce & Sons, dealers in china and glass-
ware, where he remained for a period
of eleven years, during which time he
learned every detail of this business thor-
oughly, and rose to a responsible position
with the concern. Other positions brought
him into contact with other concerns and
greatly extended his field of service.
Having decided to establish himself in
business independently, Mr. Scott, in
February, 1887, founded the business con-
ducted under the name of the Syracuse
Supply Company, and this was incorpo-
rated in 1891, and reincorporated in 1905.
Fifty-five people are constantly employed
in the manufacture of leather belting,
and in dealing in iron and wood working
machinery, boilers, engines, steam appli-
ances and manufacturers' supplies. They
are also jobbers in electrical machinery
and supplies, and from the outset the
affairs of this concern have been con-
ducted along the most modern and pro-
gressive lines. Great as have been the
demands made upon the time of Mr.
Scott by his important business, he has
nevertheless been identified with a va-
riety of interests also of great importance
and value. He is vice-president of the
Holcomb Steel Company, the Hudson
Portland Cement Company, the Amphion

Piano Player Company of Syracuse, and
was for several years vice-president of
the Hudson River Realty Company. He
is president of the Star Lake Land Com-
pany at Star Lake, New York, president
of the Glenwood Land Company, New
Jersey ; vice-president of the Hammond
Steel & Forge Company, Syracuse ; di-
rector of Morris Plan Company Bank,
and his executive ability in all of these
responsible offices has been largely in-
strumental in their continued success.
The Republican party has always had his
consistent support, and on many occa-
sions he has served in public afifairs,
greatly to the benefit of the community.
He is a member of the Park Presbyterian
Church, and a trustee of this institution.
His membership with various organiza-
tions is as follows : The Citizens' Club,
the Technology Club, the Anglers' Asso-
ciation, Bellevue Country Club. He is
a member of the Syracuse Chamber of
Commerce, and as a director of this body
his sound judgment was a factor not to
be overlooked. He has served on the
commission to build the Young Men's
Christian Association, and on that to in-
vestigate the lighting system of the city.
Mr. Scott married, in September, 1886,.
Belle, a daughter of Hiram L. and Ruth
M. Hawley, of Syracuse. Children : Wal-
ter H. and Harold H., who have been
graduated from Yale University ; Harold
B., married Mabel Brace, of Tarrytown,
New York; Frederick H., student at Cor-
nell ITniversity, who has just attained his
majority; Marion Belle, graduate of
Syracuse University, married Maxwell
Brace, of Tarrytown, New York, 1913-

ALDRIDGE, George Washington, Jr.,

Man of Affairs, Public Official.

Perhaps in no field of life's activity is
success won at a greater personal cost
than in public life. A loser receives no



sympathy, a winner no real gratitude
from his party. Opponents watch eagerly
for even the slightest mistake, and those
whoshould support a man most stronglyane
so anxious to advance their own interests
and so filled with a sense of their own
importance that they are a hindrance
rather than a help. The public career of
George W. Aldridge furnishes an illus-
tration of a man strong in the qualities
that make for success and who has risen
to commanding position in the councils
of the Republican party of the State of
New York, and to leadership in the city
of Rochester. Loyal in his devotion to
party he has for himself accepted no posi-

presidency of the American Clay and
Cement Corporation.

Mr. Aldridge early displayed an in-
terest in public affairs, his natural fitness
for leadership becoming manifest. He
was but twenty-six years of age when
first elected a member of the executive
board of the city, a board having in
charge the departments of water, street,
fire and public improvements. His con-
nection with the executive board won
public approval and his efficiency was so
apparent that he was four times reelected,
each successive return showing increas-
ing majorities over opposing candidates.
In 1894 he was elected chief magistrate

tion he was not eminently qualified to fill, of the city and ably filled the mayor's

Faithful in the discharge of every official
duty, true to every trust reposed in him,
a wonderful organizer, and a fearless
leader, he has become a tower of strength
to his party and a man to be reckoned
with in political encounter.

George W. Aldridge was born in
Michigan City, Indiana, December 28,
1856, son of George W. and Virginia (De
Orsey) Aldridge, his father of New York,
his mother of Ohio birth. The senior
George W. Aldridge after locating in
Rochester won high reputation as a mas-

chair until the following year, when he
was called to higher position by Gov-
ernor Morton, who appointed him State
Superintendent of Public Works. This
necessitated his resignation of the mayor's
office, which followed, and during the
terms of Governor Morton and Governor
Black, the latter of whom reappointed
him, he continued the efficient head of
the State Department of Public Works.
During his incumbency of the office the
work of improving the Erie Canal was
begun and the long delayed completion

ter builder, and was honored by the of the State Capitol at Albany accom-

voters of the city by election to the chief
magistracy of the city, and by them also
to membership on the board of aldermen.
George W. Aldridge, Jr., obtained a
good education in the public schools, De
Graff Military Institute, of Rochester,
and Gary Collegiate Seminary at Oak-
field, New York. He then began busi-
ness life in association with his father, and
together they continued as general con-
tractors until the death of the senior
partner in 1877, when George W. Al-
dridge, Jr., assumed the management of
the business. He is a director of the Lin-
coln National Bank, and has other large

plished. In 1905 Governor Higgins ap-
pointed Mr. Aldridge a member of the
New York State Railroad Commission,
and in 1907 he became chairman of the
commission. His work as a public ser-
vant, endorsed by three chief executives,
has been valuable to the State, and has
brought him prominently into public
view, adding to his prestige as a leader
in his own city, and making him a promi-
nent figure in State politics. He is a
member of the Republican State Com-
mittee, a position he has held since the
year 1887. He has met the fate of all
leaders, at times suffering defeats, but

interests in the city, among which is the has never been dethroned, and at the



present time (1915) is strong in his lead-
ership and a power in the Republican
party. His friends are legion and he is
associated with them in many organiza-
tions, societies and clubs.

In volunteer fire department days he
was an active member of Alert Hose
Company, for five years was president of
the Exempt Firemen's Association, and
still holds membership in that body. He
is an ex-trustee of the Chamber of Com-
merce of Rochester. He is a Master Ma-
son, a Royal Arch Mason, a Knight
Templar, and in Scottish Rite Masonry
holds all degrees up to and including the
thirty-second degree. He is also affiliated
with the Independent Order of Odd Fel-
lows and the Knights of Pythias. His
clubs are the Rochester, Country, Whist,
Athletic (life member), and Oak Hill
Country, all of Rochester; the Lotos,
Republican and Lawyers', of New York
City. He is an interested member of the
Rochester Historical Society, the Roches-
ter Municipal Art Commission, and in all
these organizations he takes more than a
passive interest. Through his patriotic
ancestry he has gained admission to the
Sons of the Revolution.

Open-handed and generous, he is most
unostentatious in his giving, and no
worthy cause fails to receive his support.
He is a man of tremendous industry and
energy, and has gained his position in the
business world through merit and by the
exercise of the qualities upon which alone
an enduring business edifice can be
erected. He is respected by his associ-
ates in business and public life, loved by
his friends, and both feared and respected
by his opponents. He has also success-
fully asserted his rights to leadership,
and in Rochester, where he is best known,
is regarded as a man who can be trusted
and safely followed. Disorganized forces
never win, and he who can organize, ma-
neuver, and lead masses of men to sue

cessful assertion of party principles at the
polls is no less worthy of the regard of his
fellow men than he who leads men to an
assertion of national honor upon actual
fields of battle. "Peace hath her vic-
tories" as well as war, and peaceful vindi-
cation of party principles through the
medium of the ballot box requires gen-
eralship of the highest quality.

SNOW, Charles "Wesley,

Financier, Man of Affairs.

The men most influential in promoting
the advancement of society and in giving
character to the times in which they live
are of two classes — the men of study and
the men of action. Whether we are more
indebted for the improvement of the age
to the one class or to the other is a ques-
tion of honest difference of opinion ;
neither class can be spared and both
should be encouraged to occupy their
several spheres of labor and influence,
zealously and without mutual distrust.
In the following paragraphs are briefly
outlined the leading facts and character-
istics in the career of a gentleman,
Charles Wesley Snow, who combines in
his makeup the elements of the scholar
and the energy of the public-spirited man
of affairs. He is essentially cosmopolitan
in his ideas, and a representative of that
strong American manhood which com-
mands and retains respect by reason of
inherent merit, sound sense and correct
conduct. Measured by the accepted
standard of excellence, his career has
been eminently honorable and useful, and
his life fraught with great good to human-
ity and to the world at large. Hiram
Snow, his father, died in Syracuse in 1854,
and his mother, Alidar Ann (Squier)
Snow, died in the same city in 1889.
They had twelve children.

Charles Wesley Snow was born in
Peterboro, Madison county. New York,



March ii, 1835, the second child of his
parents. He was still in infancy when his
parents removed to Messina Springs, and
was in his sixth year when the family
home was established in Syracuse, New
York, with which city practically his en-
tire life has been identified. The public
schools of Syracuse furnished him with
excellent educational advantages, and ho
made the best use of his opportunities in
them. At the age of fifteen years he en-
tered upon his business career by becom-
ing a clerk in the employ of W. B. Tobey,
the proprietor of a drug store. Four
years were spent in such faithful dis-
charge of the numerous and responsible
duties of this position, that at the end of
this period, 1854, Mr. Tobey admitted
him to a partnership, the firm continuing
the business under the style of Tobey &
Snow until 1866. In that year. Air. Snow,
desiring to be unhampered in the pursuit
of his progressive ideas in regard to the
conduct of a business, decided to estab-
lish himself independently, and accord-
ingly opened a drug store at old No. 28
East Genesee street. In the course of
time this became a wholesale as well as a
retail concern, and was actively con-
ducted in the same location for a period
of twenty-two years. In the meantime,
Mr. Snow had purchased the property at
Nos. 214-216 South Warren street and
erected in 1888 the lofty brick and iron
fireproof structure, which housed the
drug business of C. W. Snow & Com-
pany. From the time of its first estab-
lishment the business had grown steadily
and consistently, branching out over an
extensive territory in addition to having
a large local trade. This, however, is not
the only business enterprise with which
Mr. Snow is prominently connected.
Since 1887 he has been a member of the
board of directors of the First National
Bank of Syracuse, and in 1902 was hon-
ored with the vice-presidency of this in-

stitution ; he served in this office until
1910, and in February of that year was
elected president of this bank, remaining
the incumbent of this office until his
resignation in November, 1914, when he
was elected chairman of the board. For
many years he has been a member of the
board of trustees of the Onondaga Coun-
ty Savings Bank. He has also served as
president of the Chamber of Commerce
of Syracuse. His religious affiliation is
with the Unitarian church, of which he
is a member and trustee, and his con-
nection with various benevolent and char-
itable institutions is a prominent and ex-
tensive one, as he gives his personal serv-
ice as well as of his means.

Mr. Snow married, October 20, 1863,
Harriet L. Powers, only daughter of Dr.
Nelson C. Powers. Children : Nelson P.,
born December 9, 1868; Carrie L., Octo-
ber 15, 1874. In the public issues and
questions of the day Mr. Snow takes an
intelligent interest, but his political activ-
ity is confined to his exercise of the right
of franchise. His is the story of a life
whose success is measured by its useful-
ness — a life that has made for good in all
its relations with the world. Always
calm and dignified, never demonstrative,
his life is, nevertheless, a persistent plea,
more by precept and example than by
spoken word, for purity and grandeur of
right principles and the beauty and eleva-
tion of wholesome character. To him
home life is a sacred trust, friendship is
inviolable, and nothing can swerve him
from the path of rectitude and honor.

SALISBURY, Bert Eugene,

Manufacturer, Inventor, Financier.

Bert Eugene Salisbury, who by con-
secutive steps has steadily climbed up-
ward in the business world until he is at
the present time (1916) president and
general manager of Pass & Seymour, In-



corporated, at Solvay, Onondaga county,
New York, was born in the town of
Geddes, New York, May 28, 1870, son of
Henry O. and Celia (Seaman) Salisbury.
Henry O. Salisbury was also a native of
Onondaga county. New York, and his
wife a native of Connecticut, living at the
present time. The father was a builder
and contractor, and was well known be-
cause of his business enterprises and the
extent of his industrial interests. He died
in 1891.

Bert Eugene Salisbury pursued his
early education in the Geddes Union
Free School, now Porter School, and was
graduated from the Syracuse High School
with the class of 1890. He also attended
Cazenovia Seminary for a short period
of time, but in the meantime was em-
ployed by the Solvay Process Company
and also in the drug business. Later he
entered the employ of his father, which
connection continued until February.
1891, when he became connected with
the firm of Pass & Seymour, where he
has risen gradually to his present impor-
tant position, his promotions coming to
him in recognition of merit and ability
displayed in the mastery of the various
tasks and duties assigned him. He was
serving as superintendent when in 1901
he was made secretary and general man-
ager ; in January, 1906, he was elected
to the positions of vice-president, treas-
urer, and general manager, and in Janu-
ary, 1914, was made president and gen-
eral manager, in which capacities he is still
serving. He has been instrumental in in-
troducing the manufacture of various com-
plete and successful articles now produced
by the concern. Thoroughness, which has
characterized him in everything that he
has undertaken, has brought to him inti-
mate knowledge of the business in prin-
ciple and detail, and, recognizing needs
and possibilities he has carried forward
experiments and investigations until his


labors have resulted in inventions, upon
which he has taken out many patents.
The trademark of the company is P. &
S. and the products of the factory are
disposed of through the regular channels.
Four hundred workmen are now em-
ployed, and the business is constantly
growing along substantial lines that in-
sure its future success and progress. In
addition to this he became a director of
the Onondaga Pottery Company, of
Syracuse, New York, and three years
later was elected president and treasurer
of the concern, succeeding James Pass.
The product of this company combines
the beauty of historic porcelain with the
durability made possible by modern sci-
ence, and the great advantage of this
company's china is that its composition
and the qualities of its materials are al-
most exactly the same as those used in
the world-famous potteries of Conti-
nental Europe. The china is really a
product combining the best in the older
materials and processes in order to pro-
duce a new and better china that is dis-
tinctively American. The result is that
there is no fine table china on the market
to-day that will compare with O. P. Co.
Syracuse China for durability and serv-
ice. He is a director of the First Na-
tional Bank, Syracuse ; director of the
Morris Plan Bank, Syracuse ; member of
the board of governors of Associated
Manufacturers of Electrical Supplies ;