Charles E. (Charles Elliott) Fitch.

Encyclopedia of biography of New York, a life record of men and women whose sterling character and energy and industry have made them preëminent in their own and many other states (Volume 5) online

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to assess property at a low rate after tak-
ing an oath to assess at full value. His
house was a station on "the underground
railroad," where he often sheltered slaves
on their way to Canada and freedom. For
many years he was a member and officer
of the Presbyterian church. He married,
October 3, 1832, at Watervale, Onondaga
county, New York, Clarissa Judd, born
May 9, 1810, died August 17, 1862, at
Lenox, Madison county. New York. She
was a descendant of Thomas Judd, who
came from England in 1624, and settled at
Cambridge, Massachusetts, where he was
admitted a freeman May 25, 1636. In
that year he removed to Hartford, Con-
necticut. He was among the pioneers of
Farmington, Connecticut, and one of the
first proprietors, a charter member of the
Farmington Church, and its second dea-
con. His descendant, Ansel Judd, mar-
ried Electa Jones, and lived in the town
of Pompey, Onondaga county.

Ansel Judd Northrup, son of Rensse-
laer and Clarissa (Judd) Northrup, passed
his early life on the paternal farm, in
whose labors he participated in the inter-
vals of attendance at school. He taught
four winter terms of school, prepared for
college at Peterboro Academy and Ober-



179



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



lin College, Ohio, and was graduated from
Hamilton College at Clinton, New York,
in 1858, as salutatorian of his class with
the degree of Bachelor of Arts. After pur-
suing the study of law at the Columbia
Law School at New York, he was ad-
mitted to the bar in Norwich, New York,
May 12, 1859, and began the practice of
his profession at Syracuse, in the same
year. In 1861 he received the degree of
Master of Arts from his alma mater, and
in 1895 that of Doctor of Laws. He was
appointed a United States court commis-
sioner, March 22, 1870, and soon after
United States examiner in equity, both of
which positions he still holds.

He was elected a trustee of the Syra-
cuse Savings Bank, March 20, 1877, and
still fills that position, being also a trus-
tee of Oakwood Cemetery at Syracuse.
He was one of the founders and long a
director of the University Club of Syra-
cuse ; was for ten years president of the
Onondaga Historical Society, and has
long been an elder of the First Presby-
terian Church of Syracuse. During and
after the Civil War he was vice-presi-
dent and later president of the Loyal
League (in Syracuse) and served as lay
commissioner to the General Assembly
of the Presbyterian Church at Saratoga,
in 1890, at Buffalo, in 1904, and at Atlan-
tic City, in 1910. He was elected in No-
vember, 1882, as county judge of Onon-
daga county, and reelected in 1888, serv-
ing twelve years. In January, 1895, he
resumed the practice of law at Syracuse
in association with his son, Elliott Judd
Northrup. In February of that year he
was appointed by Governor Morton one
of three commissioners of statutory re-
vision of the State, and in June following
one of three commissioners to revise the
code of civil procedure, and served six
years in each of these positions. Judge
Northrup is much interested in historical



and genealogical research ; is a member
of the Genealogical Society of Central
New York, and published in 1908 the
Northrup Genealogy. He is a member
of the Alpha Delta Phi and the Phi Beta
Kappa, and of the Citizens, University
and Fortnightly clubs. Besides the work
above mentioned, he is the author of sev-
eral books, such as "Camps and Tramps
in the Adirondacks and Grayling Fishing
in Northern Michigan" (1880-1901) ;
"Sconset Cottage Life" (1881-1901) ;
"Slavery in New York" (1900) ; "The
Powers and Duties of Elders in the Pres-
byterian Church" (1908), also numerous
addresses. As secretary he edited the
"History of the Class of 1858," Hamilton
College, 1898; edited the history of the
"Seventy-fifth Anniversary First Presby-
terian Church," Syracuse, 1899. Politi-
cally Judge Northrup is affiliated with
the Republican party and advocates its
principles. He is still (1915) active in his
profession of the law.

He married, November 24, 1863, Eliza
Sophia, eldest daughter of Thomas Brock-
way and Ursula Ann (Elliott) Fitch, of
Svracuse, born December 13, 1842, and
died March 15, 1914. Children: i. Ed-
win Fitch, graduate of Amherst College
and Johns Hopkins University, Doctor of
Philosophy, formerly a manufacturer of
instruments at Philadelphia, member of
the Leeds & Northrup Company, and
since 1910 a professor of physics in
Princeton University. He is an inventor,
and frequent contributor to magazines on
scientific and engineering subjects, and
has written many scientific addresses. 2.
Elliott Judd. graduate of Amherst Col-
lege and Cornell University Law Depart-
ment, professor of law in the University
of Illinois for some time, and since 1910
in Tulane University, New Orleans,
Louisiana. 3. Theodore Dwight, died in
his twelfth year. 4. Ursula, married Louis
180



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



Cleveland Jones, of Solvay, New York,
chief chemist of the Semet Solvay Process
Company, Syracuse, and residing in Syra-
cuse. 5. Edith, graduated from Syracuse
University, 1908, with the degree of Bach-
elor of Philosophy, and a teacher of Eng-
lish in the Goodyear Burlingame Private
School in Syracuse.



MORRIS, Robert Clark,

LcLvryer, Law Inatractor.

Robert Clark Morris is descended from
a very old Connecticut family, which was
first located at New Haven, and has in-
herited those sterling qualities which dis-
tinguished the pioneers of that State. The
first in this country was Thomas Morris,
a native of England, who was one of the
signers of the Plantation Covenant at
New Haven, in 1639. His eldest son,
Eleazer Morris, was born at New Haven,
and settled in the adjoining town of East
Haven, Connecticut, where he resided
with his wife Anna. Their second son,
James Morris, was born about 1690, in
East Haven, and married, February 24,
1715, Abigail Ross. Their second son,
James Morris, born 1723, in East Haven,
settled in Litchfield, Connecticut, where
he was a landowner at Litchfield South
Farms, now the town of Morris, a deacon
of the church, and a prominent citizen.
He died June 6, 1789, in Litchfield. He
married, April 8, 1751, Phebe, widow of
Timothy Barnes, born 1712-13, died April
I5> 1793- Both are buried in the grave-
yard at Morris.

Their eldest child was James Morris,
born January 8, 1752, was graduated from
Yale in 1775. and began the study of the-
ology with Rev. Dr. Joseph Bellamy. In
May, 1776, while teaching at Litchfield,
he entered the patriot army as an ensign
in Colonel Fisher Gay's Connecticut regi-
ment. He served in the campaign around
New York, and in January, 1777, was ap-



pointed first lieutenant in Colonel Philip
B. Bradley's New Connecticut regiment.
At the battle of Germantown, October 4,
1777, he was captured, and spent the next
eight months in prison at Philadelphia.
Thence he was transferred to Brooklyn,
and was discharged January 3, 1781.
While in captivity he was promoted to a
captaincy, and in the summer of 1781 was
detached to serve in Colonel Scannell's
Light Infantry Regiment, which he ac-
companied to Yorktown. On his dis-
charge from the army, in January, 1783,
he settled in his native village, where he
filled numerous important ofifices. Here
he established an academy in 1790, which
instructed in all nearly fifteen hundred
pupils, of whom more than sixty were
prepared for college. At nine sessions of
the General Assembly, between 1798 and
1805, he represented Litchfield. The town
of Morris, formerly a part of Litchfield,
was named in his honor, and he was dea-
con of the church there from 1795 until
his death, which occurred April 20, 1820,
at Goshen, Connecticut, while on a trip
from Cornwall to his home. Portions of
his narrative of his life and public serv-
ices during the Revolution have been
printed in "Yale in the Revolution" and
"Memoirs of the Long Island Historical
Society." He married (first) Elizabeth,
youngest daughter of Robert Hubbard,
of Middletown, Connecticut, and (sec-
ond) March 16, 181 5, Rhoda Farnum.

The only son of the second marriage,
Dwight Morris, was born November 22,
1817, in what is now Morris, and gradu-
ated with honors from Union College in
1838, subsequently receiving the degree
of Master of Arts from Yale. In 1839 he
was admitted to the Litchfield bar, be-
came active in public affairs, represented
his town in the General Assembly sev-
eral sessions, and was judge of probate
from 1845 to 1852. In 1862 he recruited
a regiment, and went to the front as colo-



181



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



nel of the Fourteenth Connecticut Volun-
teers. Soon after he was given command
of the Second Brigade, Second Corps, and
took part in the battle of Antietam. His
regiment came to be known as the "Fight-
ing Fourteenth," from its brilliant service.
Ill health compelled him to resign his
commission, and he was honorably dis-
charged, with the rank of brigadier-gen-
eral. He was nominated by President
Lincoln as judge of the Territory of
Idaho, but declined. From 1865 to 1869
he served as consul-general at Havre,
France, and in 1876 was elected Secretary
of State of Connecticut. Through his
efforts the Society of the Cincinnati was
reinstated in his State, July 4, 1893, after
having been dormant eighty-nine years,
and thenceforward, until his death, Sep-
tember, 1894, he was its president. He
devoted considerable time to literature,
and contributed many articles on histori-
cal subjects. His second wife, Grace Jo-
sephine Clark, whom he married in 1867,
at Paris, France, was born 1844, in Chi-
cago, daughter of Lewis W. and Emily
(Henshaw) Clark, of that city, died 1884.
Robert Clark Morris, son of the last
named, was born November 19, i860, at
Bridgeport, Connecticut, where he was a
student of the public schools, after which
he pursued the study of law at Yale Law
School, from which he was graduated
with the degree of Bachelor of Laws in
1890. From Yale he received the degree
of Master of Law in 1892, and Doctor of
Civil Law in 1893. He was secretary of
the class of 1890 at Yale Law School. In
that year he was admitted to the Connec-
ticut bar, and in 1890-91 studied conti-
nental jurisprudence in Europe. In 1894
he located in New York City, where he
immediately began practice. From 1895
to 1904 he lectured on French law at Yale
Law School, and since 1904 has been lec-
turing on International Arbitration and
Proceedure in that institution. He is the



author of a standard work entitled "In
ternational Arbitration and Proceedure."
He is at present senior partner of the law
firm of Morris & Plante, in New York
City. Mr. Morris has taken a keen in-
terest in political movements, and from
1901 to 1903 was president of the Repub-
lican County Committee of New York,
and in 1909 was president of the Repub-
lican Club of that city. He was counsel
for the United States before the United
States and Venezuelan Commission in
1903, and occupies a leading position at
the metropolitan bar. The work of his
firm is general, but most of his time is
devoted to reorganizations. By inherit-
ance he is a member of the Order of the
Cincinnati, and is a member of the Mili-
tary Order of the Loyal Legion and the
Sons of the Revolution. He is also a
member of the New York Bar Associa-
tion, the International Law Association,
the American Bar Association, New York
County Lawyers' Association, the Amer-
ican Society of International Law, the
Society of Medical Jurisprudence, the
Japan Society, and the China Society. He
is identified with several clubs, including
the Union League, Yale, Metropolitan,
Tuxedo of New York, Lakewood Coun-
try, also the Graduates' Club of New
Haven. He resides on Fifth avenue, in
New York City. He married, June 24,
1890, Alice A. Parmelee, of New Haven,
daughter of Andrew Yelverton and Sarah
Elizabeth (Farren) Parmelee. They have
travelled extensively throughout the
world, and Mrs. Morris is the author of
"Dragons and Cherry Blossoms," a work
on Japan.



SMITH. Jay Hungerford,

Manufacturer, Man of AfFairs.

There is genuine satisfaction in telling
Mr. Smith's life story, for it is a record of
worthy effort, generously recompensed.



182



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAniY



There are men who build well upon foun-
dations laid by another and there are men
who conceive, plan, dig, lay the founda-
tion and upon it build to completion. To
this latter class Mr. Smith belongs. A
graduate chemist, he might easily have
followed the beaten paths, compounded
drugs, and sold soda water all his life,
and might have been one of thousands
performing their duty well along similar
lines. But his nature would not permit
this and from the drug store at Ausable
Forks he launched out into the wide field
of experiment and established a new busi-
ness, adding his own to the names of
America's creative geniuses. From foun-
dation to spire the business over which
he presides is his own, the child of his
own brain, developed through his own
skill and conducted by his own master-
ful mind. "Founder" and "head" of a
business conducted in one of Rochester's
finest factories, Mr. Smith can with deep-
est satisfaction contemplate the work he
has accomplished in the twenty-five years
since he first located in Rochester and
began as the head of the Jay Hungerford
Smith Company the manufacture of
"True Fruit" syrups.

A review of Mr. Smith's ancestry, pa-
ternal and maternal, is most interesting.
He descends paternally from Silas Smith,
who came from England with the Plym-
outh Company, settling at Taunton, Mas-
sachusetts. The line of descent to Jay
Hungerford Smith is through Silas (2)
and Hannah (Gazine) Smith ; their son,
Samuel, and Abigail (Wright) Smith;
their son Daniel, and Susan (Holmes)
Smith; their son, William Priest, and
Sarah Porter (Hungerford) Smith; their
son. Jay Hungerford Smith.

Samuel Smith, of the third generation,
was a soldier of the Revolution, and the
first of this branch to locate in New York
State, living in Spencertown, Columbia
county, where his son, Daniel, was born.



Daniel Smith moved to Ellisburg, Jeffer-
son county, in 1802, was a lieutenant in
the War of 1812, fought at Sackett's Har-
bor, and donated the use of his home for
a hospital for the wounded soldiers.
Susan (Holmes) Smith, his wife, bore him
sixteen children. Her father, Thomas
Holmes, was a soldier of the Revolution
from Connecticut, ranked as sergeant, and
was a Revolutionary pensioner. William
Priest Smith, of the fifth generation, was
born in New York, January 5, 1799, was
a lumberman and landowner of St. Law-
rence county. New York, justice of the
peace, associate judge, a man of influence
and high standing. His wife, Sarah Por-
ter (Hungerford) Smith, whom he mar-
ried, July 9, 1843, traced her ancestry to
Sir Thomas Hungerford, who in 1369 pur-
chased "Farley Castle," in Somersetshire,
England, an estate that was the family
seat for more than three hundred years.
Sir Thomas was steward for John of
Ghent, Duke of Lancaster, son of King
Edward HL, and was a member and
speaker of the House of Commons, re-
puted to be the first person elected to that
high office. The present crest of the
Hungerford family, "A garb or, a wheat
sheaf between two sickles erect," with the
motto Et Dicu mon appuy (God is my sup-
port), was first adopted by Sir Walter,
afterward Lord Hungerford, son of Sir
Thomas. John Hungerford, great-grand-
father of Sarah Porter Hungerford, a
lineal descendant of Sir Thomas, was a
colonial soldier, ranking as captain. His
son, Amasa, was a colonel in the Revolu-
tionary army; his son, Amasa (2), was a
"minute man" of the War of 1812, a ship
builder on Lake Ontario, a prosperous
farmer of Jefiferson county, New York, a
man widely known. His daughter, Sarah
Porter Hungerford, married William
Priest Smith, whom she bore eleven chil-
dren : Lois Elizabeth, Amasa Daniel,
.Annie Eliza, Frances Sarah, George Wil-
i83



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



Ham, Jay Hungerford, of further mention,
Mary Louise, Jennie V., Joseph Brodie,
Frank Robbins, and May Lillian.

Jay Hungerford Smith was born at
Fine, St. Lawrence county, New York,
February 20, 1855, third son and sixth
child of William Priest and Sarah Por-
ter (Hungerford) Smith. He prepared
for college at Hungerford Collegiate In-
stitute and entered the University of
Michigan, whence he was graduated



syrups. As the products, so are the sur-
roundings attending their manufacture,
for "purity and cleanliness" are factory
slogans and the highest in both has been
realized. The sanitary precautions are
unsurpassed, and every device making for
purity, cleanliness, health, efficiency of
operation, and perfection in product, has
been installed. "'True Fruit" syrups have
an immense sale in the United States,
and a large export trade, double that of



Pharmaceutical Chemist, class of 1877. any similar product, has been built up.

Three years later he began business at This end, attained in twenty-five years,

Ausable Forks, New York, as a whole- is a gratifying one, the business having

sale and retail dealer in drugs. He de- been built from nothing but an idea to its

veloped a prosperous business along con- present prosperous condition. Mr. Smith

ventional lines and there was no reason to conceived the idea of "True Fruit" f\av-

suppose that he was not permanently set- ors, founded the business, visioned and

tied in business. But his ideals were perfected the conditions under which such



higher and in the course of business he
saw opportunity open a new avenue of
efifort, and this avenue he saw would lead
to great result could he but tread it. At
that time the soda fountain business, now
of such immense proportions, was but a
small item in the drug trade and all flavor-
ing syrups dispensed were either artificial
or from preserved fruit. Mr. Smith at-
tacked the problem of improving the qual-
ity of these flavors, striving to extract and
to preserve the true flavor of fresh fruit.
His intimate knowledge of chemistry was
called upon and after a great deal of ex-
perimenting and many failures he finally
perfected a cold process by which he ob-
tained the desired result. He added to his
process, matured his plans of manufac-
ture, located in 1890 in Rochester, New
York, and began carrying them into efifect.
He organized the J. Hungerford Smith
Company, erected a plant, and began the
manufacture of "True Fruit" syrups. So
well had he planned and so superior was
his product that public favor was quickly
secured and to-day two hundred thousand
square feet of factory space is required to
meet the demands for "True Fruit"



flavors should be produced and with rare
executive ability has managed the busi-
ness aft'airs of the company producing
them. So the titles of creator, founder
and head are truly his as applied to the
product and business of J. Hungerford
Smith & Company. He is a director of
the Alliance Bank, and has other impor-
tant business interests in Rochester and
elsewhere.

Mr. Smith's next greatest interest is in
the Masonic order, one in which he has
attained every degree in both York and
Scottish rites that can be conferred in
this country. He has received many
honors at the hands of his brethren, the
thirty-third degree Scottish Rite being
one that is only conferred by special
favor and then only for "distinguished
service" rendered the order. He was
"made a Mason" in Richville Lodge, No.
633, Free and Accepted Masons, in 1880,
and after coming to Rochester affiliated
by "demit" with Frank R. Lawrence
Lodge, No. 797. serving as worshipful
master in 1897 and 1898. He, as rapidly
as the Masonic law permits, took the
chapter, council, and commandery de-



184



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



grees constituting the York Rite, and
holds membership in Hamilton Chapter,
No. 62, Royal Arch Masons ; Doric Coun-
cil, No. 19, Royal and Select Masters,
and Monroe Commandery, No. 12,
Knights Templar. By virtue of being
master he became a member of the
Grand Lodge of the State of New York,
and in 1898 was appointed grand senior
deacon. As chairman of the Grand
Lodge committee on work and lectures in
1899 he performed valued service in per-
fecting ritualistic work and for several
years was one of the custodians of the
work. He was a member of the commis-
sion of appeals of the Grand Lodge in
1905, 1906, and 1907. and since 1900 has
been representative of the Grand Lodge,
Free and Accepted Masons, of Canada,
near the Grand Lodge of the State of
New York. He is a director of the Ma-
sonic Temple Association, and ex-presi-
dent of the Masonic Club, of Rochester,
ex-trustee of the Hall and Asylum Fund,
and a present member of the standing
committee.

After acquiring the degrees of York
Rite Masonry, Mr. Smith, desiring
"further light," was initiated into the
Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite, is a
member of the four bodies of the Rite,
and has attained the much hoped for,
seldom conferred, thirty-third degree.
He is a member of Rochester Consistory,
which conferred all degrees including the
thirty-second, Sovereign Princes of the
Royal Secret, and on September 15, 1896.
received the crowning thirtv-third degree



the exercise of his unbounded dramatic
ability many of the degrees, particularly
in the Scottish Rite, have been illumi-
nated and clothed with a deeper meaning.
His influence has been exerted for the
good of the order, his service has been
valued by his brethren, and his elevation
to the thirty-third degree came as an
acknowledgment of that service, for the
degree cannot be applied for, as other
degrees must be, but comes as an un-
sought and highly valued honor.

A public honor was conferred upon Mr.
Smith when he was but twenty-eight
years of age in recognition of his stand-
ing in his profession, by appointment as
one of the five members of the original
New York State Board of Pharmacy, a
position he held for eight years. For
many years he has been a trustee of the
Rochester Chamber of Commerce and
has been one of the progressive men ever
ready to aid and to support every move-
ment or enterprise to further the public
good. He is an official member of the
Cascade Lakes Club in the Adirondack
preserve, his city club the Masonic.
Social by nature and most genial in dis-
position, he has many friends, and these
friendships are mutually highly prized.
He is, however, preeminently a man of
affairs, and is a splendid example of the
alert, progressive, creative American
business man, a type of the men who have
made this country famous.

Mr. Smith married, May 17, 1882,
Jean, daughter of John A. Dawson, of
Ausable Forks, New York. Children:



through the favor of the body governing James Hungerford, Anna Dawson, Flor-



the holders of that degree, the highest
honor an American Mason can receive.

The ancient landmarks of the order
are sacred to Mr. Smith and as custodian
of the work he has sought to keep closely
to them. Where methods only were in-
volved he has sanctioned and suggested
ritualistic innovation, thereby beautify-
ing and strengthening the work. Through



ence, died in infancy; Jay Elwood, Lois,
and Helen Hungerford.



HALE, George David,

Edncator, Man of Affairs,

Professor George David Hale was born
in Adams, Jeiiferson county, New York,
March 27, 1844. His parents were Abner



185



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



Cable and Sally Ann (Barton) Hale. The
first American ancestor in the paternal
line was Thomas Hale, the glover, who
came from England in 1637 and settled at
Newbury, Massachusetts, where he died
December 21, 1682. The grandfather,
David Hale, was senior member of the
first mercantile firm in Adams, New York,
and was also captain of a troop of cavalry
in the War of 1812. From a very early
period in the development of Jefiferson
county the family was connected with its
progress and upbuilding. Abner C. Hale,
the father, followed the occupation of
farming at Adams.

Professor George D. Hale spent his
boyhood days under the parental roof.
In 1870 he was graduated from the classi-
cal course of the University of Rochester,
and three years later that institution con-
ferred upon him the degree of Master of
Arts. He is a member of the Delta
Kappa Epsilon and of the Phi Beta Kap-
pa, two college fraternities. Professor
Hale is known personally or by reputa-
tion to every resident of the city and also
to a large extent throughout this and
other states by reason of the fact that his
students have gone abroad into all parts