Charles E. (Charles Elliott) Fitch.

Encyclopedia of biography of New York, a life record of men and women whose sterling character and energy and industry have made them preëminent in their own and many other states (Volume 5) online

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])olitical party, he has never been a seeker
after office. Because of his faith in the
underlying principles of his party, he has
ever been ready to give his efiforts in its
support. When he was first a candidate
for attorney-general, he ran many thou-
sand votes ahead of his ticket, and on
every occasion his showing at the polls
has proved the advantage which the ticket
enjoyed through bearing his name. He
continues to make his home in Northern
New York, and to give unsparingly of his
advice and services in every movement
calculated to promote its highest welfare.
He is unmarried.

TAYLOR, Irwin,

Lanryer, Librarian.

Since graduation from the Ohio College
of Law in 1868, Mr. Taylor has been at
different periods an active member of the
bar of the States of Ohio, Kentucky, Kan-
sas, Illinois and New York. For the past
quarter of a century he has been a mem-
lier of the Monroe county bar, and since
1900 has been librarian for the appellate
division of the fourth department, that
lilirary consisting of about 35.000 vol-
umes, being one of the best law book col-
lections in the State. Actual court room
practice has not appealed to Mr. Taylor



•1* has the 'literary side of his profession,
although prior to his locating in Topeka,
Kansas, in 1880, he conducted general
practice in Paris and Covington, Ken-
tucky. He is a well-known author of law
books and is a law editorial writer, while
as a law librarian and authority he has no
superiors in the State.

Irwin Taylor was born in Maysville,
Kentucky, was educated in Cincinnati,
Ohio, completing his law courses and re-
ceiving his degree from Ohio College of
Law in 1868. He was admitted to the
Ohio bar the same year, also to the Ken-
tucky bar, practicing in both Cincinnati,
Ohio, and Covington, Kentucky, for a
time, but later located in Paris, Ken-
tucky, where he remained until 1880. In
that year he went West, locating at
Topeka, Kansas, where he became assis-
tant attorney-general. While in Topeka
he published a number of law books, in-
cluding the Statutes of Kansas, and be-
came well known in legal circles. He
later came East, locating in Chicago,
where until 1892 he was engaged in edi-
torial law work. He came to Rochester
in 1892, and soon afterward was ap-
pointed assistant librarian of the law
library, serving as assistant until 1900,
when he was appointed to his present
position, librarian for the law library of
the appellate division of the fourth de-
j)artment, located in the Court House at

Mr. Taylor is well qualified for the
position he fills, his intellectual attain-
ments and his legal learning and experi-
ence, his intimate knowledge of law
books, statutes and reports combining to
render him eminently fit to advise and
direct patrons of the library. His private
library is a large and complete one, rich
in legal lore of every State. A ripe
scholar and strong intellectually, he is as
much at home in the wide field of litera-
ture as in the realm of law, and is a most

discriminating reader. Honorable and
high minded, he occupies an enviable
position among his brethren of the pro-
fession, they according him their highest
esteem and respect. The strength of his
private life and character adds dignity as
well as usefulness to the position which
he holds, and all feel that he is a man in
whom perfect confidence may be placed.

Mr. Taylor is a veteran of the Civil
War, his service having been mostly as
an enlisted member of the Independent
Irregular Cavalry under the immediate
command of Captain S. W. Bard, of Cin-
cinnati, Ohio. For a time he was on
scout and picket duty under General Lew
Wallace, but his service was mostly in
Kentucky during the raids made by the
Confederate troops under Generals Kir-
by. Smith and Morgan. He is a member
of the New York Library Association and
of several professional and social organi-

Mr. Taylor married, in 1872, Lizzie
Hall, of Paris, Kentucky, who died in
1906, leaving three sons and three daugh-
ters : Huston Taylor, of Detroit, Michi-
gan ; J. Irwin Taylor, located in New
York City ; J. Hall Taylor, inventor and
manager of the American Spiral Pipe
Company, of Chicago; Mary B., residing
with her father; Mrs. Elizabeth C. Mul-
liner, of Fairport, New York ; and Mrs.
Lucy Sanders, of Thomasville, Georgia.

POOLE, Harry Otis,


A practitioner at the Monroe county
bar for the past twenty-two years, Mr.
Poole has well accounted for those years
as his present rank at that bar amply
testifies. His practice, general in char-
acter, is conducted in all State and Fed-
eral Courts of the district, his records of
legal victories won being very large, in-
cluding some of the celebrated cases tried



in the courts of Western New York. He
is learned in the law, skillful in its appli-
cation, a cool, wary opponent in the court
room, yet eminently fair in his methods,
courteous to the court, but a powerful
advocate for the cause he represents. The
rank he holds at the bar has. been fairly
won and he holds the true regard of the
members of the bench whose dignity and
authority he respects and of the bar
whose rights and privileges he never in-
fringes, even in the heat of controversy
and strife for legal advantage. The rules
of the profession are strictly observed by
Mr. Poole under all circumstances and no
taint of unprofessional conduct mars his
brilliant record. He is a "native son" of
Rochester, his father and mother also be-
ing born there, but his grandfather, how-
ever, Joseph H. Poole, came from Eng-
land about the year 1845, settling in the
town of Gates, Monroe county. New
York, there operating a grist mill for
several years. He died in 1891.

His son, Charles A. Poole, born in
Rochester, died in Detroit, Michigan,
September 30, 1907. Charles A. Poole
married Amorette Otis, daughter of Wil-
liam and Mary A. C. (Late) Otis, the
former a native son of the State of Maine,
the latter a native of the State of Mary-
land. William Otis came to Rochester
from Frederick City, Maryland, where
their daughter and their illustrious son.
General Elwell Stephen Otis, were born,
the latter a veteran of two wars and an
officer of the United States regular army,
brevetted major-general for "military
skill and most distinguished service in the
Philippine Islands."

Harry Otis Poole, son of Charles A.
and Amorette (Otis) Poole, was born in
Rochester, New York, October 3, 1871,
and since February, 1896, has been a
member of the Monroe county bar, prac-
ticing in Rochester He obtained his
early and preparatory educational train-
ing in private New York City schools.

later entering Princeton University,
whence he was graduated A. B., class of
"93." The three years succeeding his
graduation were spent in legal study in
Rochester, and in February, 1896, he was
admitted to the bar. He began practice
in Rochester at once forming a partner-
ship with Selden S. Brown, later and now
(1916) surrogate of Monroe county. This
partnership, conducted under the firm
name of Brown & Poole, continued for
ten years, terminating January, igo6.
From that date Mr. Poole has practiced
alone, his offices 339 Powers Building.
He is a member of the professional law
associations of the City, County and State
and of the Rochester Chamber of Com-
merce, contributing to all that concerns
the work of those organizations as his
own time will allow. His club is the
Genesee Valley. In political faith a Re-
publican, he is interested in party suc-
cess, but has studiously refrained from
taking such active part in public affairs
as to interfere with his usefulness to his
clients. He does not, however, lack in
public spirit, being fully alive to his
duties and responsibilities as a citizen.
He is a member of Frank A. Lawrence
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, has
attained the thirty-second degree, An-
cient Accepted Scottish Rite, and is a
Noble of the Mystic Shrine belonging to
Damascus Temple.

M^r. Poole married. September 22, 1903,
Nanette R., daughter of Francis Delano,
of Niagara Falls, New York. They are
the parents of Elizabeth Delano Poole,
born June 22, 1905, and Arthur Otis
Poole, born June 28, 1912. The family
home is No. 60 Westminster road.

FISHER, Edwin Augustus,

Consulting Engineer.

For nearl_y half a century Mr. Fisher
has been engaged in engineering profes-
sionally, and since 1882 he has been a



resident of the cit}- of Rochester, New
York, having previously been a resident
of his native State, Massachusetts. His
work has been of varied character, but
railroad and municipal water works, plan-
ning building and operating, have been his
special lines. As consulting engineer for
the city of Rochester, and corporations of
note, he is now realizing the benefit of
his many years of arduous labor and in
the quieter field of consultation the even-
ing of life is being most profitably spent.
There are few men whose experience as
engineers covers a longer period than his
own, and none have won more honorable
standing in the profession. He has made
it his life work and the time of entrance
to the profession as a student has allowed
no other interest to intervene. He is
widely known to the profession all over
the United States, and as director of the
American Society of Civil Engineers, and
president of the American Society of
Municipal Improvements has come in
personal contact with many of the leading
men and specialists in those lines. His
is a genial, warm-hearted, sympathetic
nature, and the number of his friends is

Edwin Augustus Fisher was born at
Royalston, Worcester county, Massachu-
setts, July 17, 1847. He was educated in
the public schools and completed a full
course in the English branches with grad-
uation from the State Normal School at
Westfield, Massachusetts. He then began
the study of civil engineering, and in
school and field work thoroughly pre-
pared for the practice of engineering as a
profession. From. 1870 until 1882 his time
was fully employed as an engineer in
charge of railroad waterworks and bridge
planning and construction in New Eng-
land. In 1882 he located in Rochester,
New York, as first assistant engineer on
the construction of the Genesee Vallev

Consolidated Railroad, and from that year
Rochester has been his home and the seat
of his activity, although his engagements
at times took him to other localities for
extended periods.

After the completion of his first New
York undertaking, he was retained by the
Western, New York & Pennsylvania Rail-
road as division engineer, continuing in
the capacity until 1889, when he was
appointed superintendent of the Pitts-
burgh division of the road. This called
for his almost constant presence in Oil
City, Pennsylvania, and when in 1893
there was an opportunity to return to
Rochester he embraced it.

From 1893 until 1896 he was chief
assistant engineer of the city in charge of
the construction of the works giving
Rochester an additional water supply, and
in 1896 was appointed city engineer.
From January i, 1900, he was in full
charge of all city engineering, including
the water works, and also was ex-officio,
a member of the City Board of Estimate
and Apportionment, the Board of Con-
tract and Supply, the Examining Board
of Plumbers, and secretary of the Market
Commission. He continued as city engi-
neer with these added responsibilities un-
til 1914 when he was appointed consult-
ing engineer to the city. He then also
opened private offices at 300 Power's
Building, and as private consulting engi-
neer meets the demands for his profes-
sional services. His work in connection
with Rochester's engineering problems
has been very valuable and has been
highly commended by those who pos-
sessed full knowledge of the importance
of the work he performed.

He is a member of and a past director
of the American Society of Civil Engi-
neers, member of the American Water-
works Association, the New England
\\'atervvorks Association, the Rochester



Engineering Society and the American
Society of Municipal Improvements of
which he is an ex-president. He is a mem-
ber of the Masonic order, belonging to
Frank R. Lawrence Lodge, Cyrene Com-
niandery. Knights Templar, and Damas-
cus Temple, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine.
Mr. Fisher married, February 17, 1875,
Ellen F. Breckenridge, of Ware, Massa-
chusetts, who died in 1913. They are the
parents of Lewis J. ; Julia K., wife of Rev.
Arthur Clements, deceased; Florence M.,
wife of Robert A. Copeland ; Edwin H.;
William B. ; and Fanny B., residing with
her parents at the family home. No. 30
Albemarle street, Rochester.

HYDE, Edwin Francis,

Banker, La^ryer, Musical Critic.

Edwin Francis Hyde, a banker of New
York City, well known in the legal pro-
fession in this city, also in musical circles,
and perhaps the best known American
in the musical circles of Europe, in which
art he has ever taken a profound inter-
est, winning a high place in the esteem
of musicians and music lovers, is a de-
scendant of an old New England family,
which has ever been distinguished for
talent and high moral principle, charac-
teristics which distinguish the present-
day members.

The Hydes were a noted family in Eng-
land. Sir Nicholas Hyde was chief jus-
tice of the King's Bench, and Edward
Hyde, Earl of Clarendon, was lord chan-
cellor at the restoration, and was grand-
father to two queens in the English suc-
cession, Mary, the second, and Anne. The
Hyde descendants in America were
strong in great men, among whom were:
Hon. Matthew Griswold, chief justice
and governor of Connecticut ; Hon. John
M. Niles, United States senator and post-
master-general in Van Buren's adminis-
tration ; the Rev. Edward Duran Griffin,

president of Williams College ; the Hon.
William Woodbridge, United States Sen-
ator and governor of Michigan.

The American ancestor, William Hyde,
came from England about 1633, ^"d after
a short sojourn at Newton, Massachu-
setts, went with Rev. Thomas Hooker to
Connecticut, in 1636, and settled at Say-
brook, whence he removed, in 1660, to
Norwich, where he was one of the origi-
nal proprietors, frequently held office,
and died January 6, 1681. His son, Sam-
uel Hyde, born about 1637, settled as a
farmer in Norwich West Farms, where
he was a prominent citizen. He married,
in June, 1659, Jane Lee, of East Say-
brook, daughter of Thomas Lee. Sam-
uel Hyde died in 1677. Their second
son, John Hyde, born December, 1667,
was a farmer in Norwich on land which
was still held by his descendants as late
as 1859, ^nd died June 26, 1727. He mar-
ried, March 3, 169S, Experience, born De-
cember, 1674. in Norwich, daughter of
Caleb and Margaret (Post) Abel. Their
third son. Captain James Hyde, born
February 28, 1707, died April 24, 1793,
was a shipmaster. He married, Decem-
ber 26, 1743. Sarah Marshall, born April
12, 1720, in Norwich, daughter of Abiel
and Abiah (Hough) Marshall, died No-
vember 3, 1773. Their second son. Cap-
tain James Hyde, was born July 17, 1752,
in Norwich, where he made his home,
and died April 9, 1809. He was an officer
in the Revolutionary army, a local Metho-
dist preacher, and a most useful citizen.
He married, April 5, 1774, Martha Nevins,
born 1756, died 1823. Their eldest child,
Erastus Hyde, born February 7, 1775,
died October 13, 1849, i" Brooklyn, New
York. He removed, about 1800, to Mid-
dlebury, Vermont, later removed to
Mystic, Groton, Bozrah, Connecticut, and
finally to New York City. He married,
February 26, 1797, Fanny Bell, born 1775,
died March 10, 1842, in New York, daugh-






ter of Captain Joseph and Mary Bell, of
Stonington, Connecticut. Their fifth son,
Edwin Hyde, born February 19, 1812, in
Groton, Connecticut, died in New York
City, in 1896. He resided in New York
City, where he was a tea merchant. He
married, February 24, 1833, Elizabeth
Alvina Mead, born in Belleville, New Jer-
sey, daughter of Ralph Mead, later of
New York, and his wife, Sarah (Holmes)
Mead. The Mead family descends from
William Mead, a pioneer of Wethersfield,
later Stamford, Connecticut.

E. Francis Hyde, son of Edwin and
Elizabeth Alvina (Mead) Hyde, was born
in New York City, June 23, 1842. He re-
ceived his early education in the schools
of that city and Middletown, Connecticut.
He graduated from the New York Free
Academy (now the College of the City of
New York) in 1S61, and two years later
received from Columbia Law School the
degree of Bachelor of Laws. In 1862,
during the progress of the Civil War, he
enlisted his services in defence of the gov-
ernment, and served in the United States
army in the State of Virginia. In the
following year, 1863, he engaged in the
practice of law and continued until 1886,
a period of almost a quarter of a century,
his practice being largely in connection
with wills and estates, and his varied and
extensive knowledge in that line proved
a valuable asset to him in his capacity of
vice-president of the Central Trust Com-
pany of New York, to which office he
was elected in 1886, this company having
always taken a leading position as a trus-
tee of railroad and other corporations and
also of personal trusts. In political afifairs
Mr. Hyde has been accustomed to act
with the Republicans. He is an elder of
the Presbyterian church ; a trustee of the
Presbyterian Board of Home Missions ;
a member of the New York Sabbath
Committee ; a manager of the American
Bible Society, and trustee and treasurer

of Princeton Theological Seminary since
1898. His interest in the finer arts and
in the general welfare work of the com-
munity is well known, and he is esteemed
and regarded as one of the promoters of
human progress. He is a patron of or-
chestral music, and holds membership in
the various organizations devoted to the
promotion of musical study and composi-
tion. From 1888 to 1901 he was presi-
dent of the Philharmonic Society of New
York, and he is a fellow of the Philhar-
monic Society of London, England. In
1903 he organized a plan by which the
famous conductors, Wassily Safonofif,
Felix Weingartner, Max Fiedler, Edward
Colonne, Willem Margelberg, Sir Henry
J. Wood, Fritz Steinbach and others were
induced to come to the United States for
the first time as conductors and direct at
the concerts of the Philharmonic Society
of New York, thus insuring to the pa-
trons of that society a rare musical treat.
Mr. Hyde is also a member of the Asso-
ciation of the Bar of the City of New
York, the New England Society in New
York, the Society of Colonial Wars, Sons
of the Revolution, Metropolitan Museum
of Art, and he holds membership in nu-
merous clubs, including the Century,
Union League, Metropolitan, University,
Riding, City and Downtown.

Mr. Hyde married, November 18, 1868,
Marie E. Brown, daughter of Albert N.
Brown, a well known merchant of New
York City.

BALDWIN, Evelyn, M. D.,


In no age has the world been so largely
indebted to woman as at the present.
Thoroughly aroused to the needs which
have been brought about through modern
conditions and recognizing the value of
organized efi^ort, women of to-day are
doing a splendid and effective work in



the professions, charitable and philan-
thropic work. Considered the weaker sex
for centuries, she has proven herself the
peer of the strongest, and during this
awful period of devastating war is prov-
ing on the battle field, in hospital, in fac-
tory, mill, workshop, and field, that even
in muscular force she is not unequal to
the severest tests. Dr. Baldwin, who
since 1892 has practiced medicine in
Rochester, is not only a physician of the
highest professional class, but is pos-
sessed of the womanly graces of mind
and character which in combination with
her medical skill completes the woman
whose aims are unselfish, whose deeds
are prompted by the higher motive of
sincere interest in and love for humanity.
She maintains a beautiful home at No. 4
West avenue, Rochester, also the abode
of her widowed mother, and there a
charming hospitality is dispensed to their
many friends. There Dr. Baldwin also
has her professional home and offices
from which she dispenses the healing aid
she is so well qualified to bestow. Her
influence is exerted in behalf of suffering
humanity and her worthy life has gone
far to break down that unmanly preju-
dice, now happily a thing of the past,
against the admission of women to the
learned professions.

She is a native daughter of New York,
born at Wellsville, Allegany county, Sep-
tember 29, i860 ; her parents, William and
Minerva I. (Hamilton) Baldwin. Wil-
liam Baldwin spent his early life in
Seneca county, New York, was an active
business man during his mature years, a
merchant and private banker of Hornells-
ville and Wellsville. The last year of his
life was spent with his daughter, Dr.
Baldwin, in Rochester, where he died in
1895, still (1916) survived by his widow.
Mr. and Mrs. Baldwin were the parents
of two children, Herbert E., a druggist
of Rochester, and Evelyn, whose career

furnishes the inspiration for this tribute
of appreciation.

Evelyn Baldwin completed her pre-
paratory education at Rochester High
School, later entering Vassar College,
pursuing a full course at that famous in-
stitution to graduation, receiving her de-
gree with the class of "83." Amid the
inspiring surroundings of college life, the
ambition was formed to become a physi-
cian and the high ideals which were then
born have been faithfully followed. She
prepared at the Woman's Medical Col-
lege, New York City, now a department
of Cornell University, and in 1892 re-
ceived from that institution the degree of
Doctor of Medicine. In July following
her graduation she located in Rochester,
practicing for the first six months in asso-
ciation with Dr. Frances F. Hamilton,
her aunt. She then opened private offices
and has since practiced alone. Her suc-
cess has been marked and during her
practice of nearly a quarter of a century
she had developed a skill in diagnosis and
treatment which has brought her profes-
sional honor and public esteem. As an
obstetrician she has won her greatest
reputation and to the complex problems
of that branch of the medical profession
her special eiiforts have been directed.
Her practice is large, but she meets the
demands made upon her for professional
service most conscientiously, holding
sacred the physician's obligation to
answer the calls for assistance no matter
at what personal cost. Her life has been
both a blessing and an inspiration, and
her honorable, upright, ethical profes-
sional career has won her the highest re-
gard of the medical fraternity.

Dr. Baldwin is a member and an ex-
president of the Blackwell Medical Soci-
ety of Rochester, organized in 1887, mem-
bership limited to women ; the Medical
Society of the County of Monroe, organ-
ized in 1820, open to all regular physi-


cians ; the Rochester Academy of Medi-
cine, also open to all physicians, and of
the Woman's New York State Medical
Society. She keeps in closest touch with
modern medical thought and discovery
through the medium of these societies,
and the medical journals, also by research
and investigation, evolving theories of
her own, which practice has proven cor-
rect. For several years she was con-
nected with the City Hospital and in her
practice performs a vast amount of work
without expectation of fee or reward.

BROWNING, Clarence J.,


From early days in Monroe county,
New York, the name of Browning has
been a familiar one. Dr. John Browning
locating in the town of Mendon in 1816,
coming from Massachusetts, where the
family ranked with the ancient and
honorable. Clarence J. Browning, a twen-
tieth century representative, has since
1882 been a member of the Monroe
county bar, practicing in Rochester,
where he is ranked among the able mem-
bers of a bar noted for its men of strength
and eminence.

For half a century, 1816-66, John
Browning practiced his healing art in the
town of Mendon, passing to his reward at
the age of eighty-two years. He was a
typical doctor of the old school, giving
his life for others, riding and driving the
lonely trails and roads in all kinds of
weather, practicing medicine, surgery,