Charles E. (Charles Elliott) Fitch.

Encyclopedia of biography of New York, a life record of men and women whose sterling character and energy and industry have made them preëminent in their own and many other states (Volume 5) online

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at some of their strange customs. In
Canton, China, he visited the Lutheran
church which had been constructed at a
cost of ten thousand dollars by native
converts. The mission of which it formed
a part included nine large buildings, one
devoted to the teaching of girls, another
a theological seminary for men, in which
there were then thirty-five students pre-
paring for the ministry. After an address
delivered by Dr. Zimmerman before these
institutions, he was astonished as well as
gratified with the Chinese to find that a
banquet had been prepared and was
served by the mayor and common council
of Canton, in the home of the superinten-
dent of the mission, as an endorsement of
his work. In some of the cities which
Dr. Zimmerman and wife visited they
were regarded by the natives as curiosi-
ties. While filling his pockets with silver
Mexican dollars, which were obtained for
fifty cents each of American money, he
was reminded of the monetary free silver
heresy which came so near leading the
American people to disaster in 1896. At
Kandy, Ceylon, by special permission, he
was enabled to view the most sacred tradi-
tional tooth of Buddha. No other treas-



ure in all the world is inclosed in such a
pricelessly jewelled casket, and no other
relic is so hallowed by the several hun-
dred millions of Buddhists. It is ex-
hibited once a year, and faithful pilgrims
come from distant countries. The rarest
privilege accorded to Dr. Zimmerman in
his many years of travel in foreign coun-
tries occurred in April, 1914, when, in
company with Ambassador Morgenthau
and a few others, he was permitted to
visit the tombs of the Patriarchs in Heb-
ron. Here he gazed upon the cenotaphs
of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and their
wives. On two former occasions he had
visited Hebron, and with intense longings
contemplated the exterior of that sacred
mosque, and ever longed to enter and be-
hold the sacred shrines. Less than fifty
persons outside the Moslem world have
ever enjoyed the rare privilege of visit-
ing this interior. Dr. Zimmerman has
travelled more than five thousand miles
in India, studying the social and religious
condition and the almost incredible prac-
tices — for in India, if anywhere, religion
has often gone mad. He has given many
years to the comparative study of re-
ligions, and devoted much time to the
examination of the sacred books of the
East. He had been possessed by an in-
tense desire to see other world religions
in action and judge them by their fruits
and practical effect upon the mind and life
of people through many generations. He
often went beyond the usual course of
tourists, but no place made a deeper im-
pression than Puri, where the Juggernaut
gods have attracted countless millions of
pilgrims. The impressions gained by his
observations and the study of the won-
derful belief and practices have been
brought out in his work entitled "The God
Juggernaut and Hinduism in India." This
work has received many favorable re-
views from the press. That of the Syra-
cuse "Post-Standard" is as follows : "Jere-

miah Zimmerman is a man who possesses
in extraordinary measure the priceless
faculty of being interesting. He has a
devouring appetite for facts and a great
passion for imparting them. For the
preparation of the book, 'The God Jugger-
naut and Hinduism in India,' Dr. Zim-
merman travelled many thousand miles
and studied the sources of his subject in
many places."

Dr. Zimmerman's interest in scientific
and archaeological research is undimin-
ished and is attested by his valuable
library. He was active in the organiza-
tion of the Syracuse Branch of the
Archaeological Institute of America, and
has served as one of its presidents and
councillors. For many years he was one
of the honorary secretaries of the Egypt,
and also of the Palestine Exploration
fund, and is a member of the Royal
Numismatic Society of London. He is
honorary correspondent of the Victoria
Institute and Philosophical Society of
Great Britain, and a member of the
American Anthropological Association.
His only diversions have been in travel
for study. At home, when not engaged
in some public service for the people, he
can always be found at work in his library,
for he has ever had a passion for study
that mastered him, often going beyond
his strength. In December, 1913, he
visited Egypt for the third time, and re-
mained until the following April. After
going up the Nile by steamer to Wadi
Haifa, he proceeded six hundred miles by
train across the desert to Khartoum. He
spent four weeks at Luxor, the center of
Egypt's ancient remains, and every day
he was occupied with some research work,
or in an intimate study of the natives, who
greatly interested him. As a lover of art
and history, he spent days and weeks in
the museums of every country. In all his
journeys he was accompanied by Mrs.
Zimmerman, who shared in his historical



tastes, and who declared that she could
never lose him, for if ever missed, he
could, with certainty of discovery, be
sought in some archaeological museum or
gallery of art. He never seemed to ex-
perience fatigue in this labor, which was
to him a true diversion. He was the re-
cipient of many special favors by the
keepers of the great museums, receiving
exceptional opportunities for study of
particular objects. In the museum at
Constantinople the keeper furnished him
daily with a special guide, without ex-
pense. One of the most spectacular and
interesting (though not edifying) re-
ligious ceremonies that he witnessed was
the so-called descent of the Holy Fire in
the Church of the Holy Sepulchre at Jeru-
salem. In all their journeys and voyages
Dr. and Mrs. Zimmerman have been
especially favored by the absence of
accident or illness and the presence of
favorable weather. When visiting the
North Cape they saw the midnight sun
on five consecutive nights, and had per-
fect weather during the several months
spent in Norway, a very unusual experi-
ence in that country. He experienced
some severe storms on sea, especially a
violent monsoon that drove the ship from
Hong Kong to Singapore.

In addition to his other literary work, pub-
lished in various journals, he contributed
special articles to the "Lutheran Quar-
terly," "Records of the Past," the "Na-
tional Geographic Magazine." the "Homi-
letic Monthly," the "Numismatist." the
"Numismatic Circular" of London, and
other periodicals. He has the distinction
of being the first man in this country to
lecture on the coins of the ancients as
monuments of ancient history, and for
many years delivered lectures on this sub-
ject in Syracuse University as Professor
of Numismatics. Since 1885 he has care-
fully studied the famous collections of
coins in the great museums of the world


because of their fundamental importance
in archaeological research in giving vivid
objective realism to the historic past. By
the aid of the ancient medallic art that
contains contemporaneous inscriptions,
types, copies of public buildings, statues,
effigies of gods and goddesses, and the
veritable portraits of the emperors, kings
and members of the royal families that
were stamped upon the coins, we are
enabled to reproduce the distant past.
Through these we are enabled to vital-
ize those ancient heroes, and to visu-
alize the remote events connected with
their lives. The next thing to seeing
a man is to look upon his portrait. The
portrait of every coin is identified, and
there is no uncertainty in their portrait-
ure. When the Standard Dictionary,
whose production cost more than one
million dollars, was projected. Dr. Zim-
merman, as a recognized authority on
historic coins of the Greeks and Romans,
was selected to make a special contribu-
tion to the department on ancient coins.
Dr. Funk, the editor-in-chief, sent this
significant caution: "Be careful and admit
no mistake into your work, for if the
dictionary is wrong where shall the
people go?" Fortunately his work es-
caped adverse criticism, and his connec-
tion with this great dictionary has been
his ready passport into all the great
museums of the world, where he en-
joyed special privileges for critical ex-
amination and study of rare objects not
seen by the general public. When the
words "In God We Trust" were omitted
from the new American gold pieces, he
wrote a number of articles on the subject,
illustrated from the History of Coinage,
and elaborately illustrated articles were
furnished for the "Records of the Past"
and the "Numismatic Circular" on the re-
ligious character of ancient coins. This
was followed by a request from a London
publisher for a work on the subject, and


in due time it was issued. An English
edition of his "Spain and Her People,"
was also published in London. His latest
book is: "Help When Tempted."

He received the degree of Doctor of
Divinity in 1896 from Pennsylvania Col-
lege, from Wittenberg College of Spring-
field, Ohio, and Susquehanna University.
In 1902 Pennsylvania College conferred
upon him the degree of LL. D. for scholar-
ship, and in 1908 he received the degree
of L. H. D. from Susquehanna University.
Broad scholarship gained through exten-
sive study and world-wide travel, a fair-
minded and sympathetic nature, an in-
tense love for his fellowmen, without dis-
tinction of race or creed, are character-
istics of Dr. Zimmerman. His broad sym-
pathies have made him feel at home with
all classes, and he cherishes with special
affection the personal friendship of that
celebrated Algerine chieftain, Abd-el-Ka-
der, who during the terrible massacre of
August, i860, in Damascus, saved twelve
thousand Christians from slaughter. An-
other was that eminent scholar and
archaeologist of the Ottoman empire,
Hamdy Bey, keeper of the National Mu-
seum in Constantinople ; and also that
remarkable man, ex-President Diaz, the
waning hope of Mexico. In Eg\'pt in
the Sudan he met Lord Kitchener, and
Sir Rudolph Slatin Pasha, the two heroic
and most intimate friends, but whom this
most unnatural war has alienated. Dr.
Zimmerman has many friends in every
country and a dear one in London, whom
he baptized at the Jordan, in 1878, but he
appreciates the fact that there is no coun-
try like ours, where men get so much
money for service, and so much for their
money. It is a delusion that living is so
cheap in Europe and so expensive in
America. It is the high-artificial or fast
living that is so expensive.

In all his many public lectures Dr. Zim-
merman has sought to instruct and ele-
vate, as well as to entertain, and to em-

phasize the fact that a life of honorable
service is always worth the living. He
says it is easy to win a man if we ap-
proach him with a human heart and not
with a cudgel. The greatest object of
interest that he ever saw was not the Taj
Mahal, nor the vast Himalayas, but Man,
the unrivalled masterpiece of the Al-
mighty, and made in God's own image.
Dr. Zimmerman always deplored the
spirit of bigotry and intolerance as being
unreasonable and unchristian, for since
man is a thinker, we cannot all think
alike, although we can all love alike. It
is a crime to attempt the impossible, and
to coerce a man to believe contrary to his
will, is a violation of liberty of con-
science, that inalienable God-given right
of every man. His righteous indignation
was aroused by a minister who took him
to task as having committed a grievous
olTense in delivering an address at the
dedication of the Jewish Temple of Con-
cord in Syracuse. The rage and em-
barrassment of the critic increased as
Dr. Zimmerman asked him: "To whom
did Jesus preach? To the Jews. I have
followed his example and spirit." During
one of his visits to Palestine he partici-
pated in the ceremonies of the Samaritan
Passover and dined with the high priest in
his tent on Mt. Gerizzim. He has been
present at special services of the Greek and
Latin churches, and participated in the
Easter Day services about the Holy Sepul-
chre in Jerusalem, and he says: "In spite
of all the ecclesiastical differences, in Christ
we may be one in love. We need to em-
phasize the words of Jesus : 'This I com-
mand that ye love one another, even as
I have loved you. By this shall all men
know that ye are my disciples, if ye have
love one to another.'" A diflferent stand-
ard has often been substituted. In view of
his broad catholicity it is not strange that
in 1912, when the Secretary of the State,
owing to sudden illness, was unable to
deliver the address at the Centennial of



the Catholic observances on Pompey Hill,
Onondaga county, the presiding judge
and priests invited Dr. Zimmerman, who
happened to be in the audience, to deliver
the address instead. He at once re-
sponded, to the entire satisfaction of all
concerned, and he never felt more at
home. On the evening of February 22nd,
1916, he delivered the annual address on
"Washington and America,'' before the
Knights of Columbus, and never was
there greater freedom of speech, and a
more enjoyable evening for all. It was a
unique occasion, for it was the first that
a Protestant minister had spoken in the
rooms of the Knights of Columbus. Sure-
ly such Christian spirit of love is in-
finitely more pleasing to our Heavenly
Father than the old-time hatred. That he
enjoys the esteem and confidence of all
who know him is well expressed in
an editorial which appeared in the "Post
Standard." August 4, 1904, more than a
year after he had resigned as pastor of
his church, and when absent on his
twenty-eight months of travel for study
around the world, and with which we
close his sketch :

Dr. Zimmerman's Retirement — The announce-
ment that Rev. Dr. Jeremiah Zimmerman is to
retire from the active ministry of the First Eng-
lish Lutheran Church in this city is received with
regret by a great many persons. There is prob-
ably no better known preacher of the Gospel in
Syracuse than Dr. Zimmerman. He has spent
tvifenty-five active years with the First English
Lutheran Church and during that period he has
not only endeared himself to the members of the
church and congregation, but through hundreds
of kind acts has won a place in the hearts of the

Dr. Zimmerman is of the broad type. Like the
late Bishop Huntingdon he possesses a feeling
of love for all, and he loves best to serve the
afflicted. Dr. Zimmerman is called upon many
times every year to minister to the sick and
preach for the dead in families of no church
connection. It is this class of people that will
miss him now that he is to lay down the duties
of clergyman.

Dr. Zimmerman has been honored by a num-
ber of colleges and various societies and when
he returns from his present foreign travels he
will be warmly welcomed as a citizen whose
presence is helpful to the community as well as
to the church.

SATTERLEE, Francis Le Roy,

Physician, Professional Instructor.

Professor Francis Le Roy Satterlee was
born June 15, 1847, '" New York City, a
descendant of New England forbears,
who were many of them distinguished
citizens. From them he has inherited
many qualities that make for supremacy,
and by his own efforts he has won a place
of distinction in the Empire State. The
faiTiily is claimed to have descended from
Edmund Satterley, a knight of Suffolk,
England, in 1235, and through his de-
scendant. Sir Roger Satterley, Lord of the
Manor of Satterley, in Sufifolk, in 1307.
The line is completely traced from Wil-
liam Satterley, Vicar of St. Ide, near
Exeter, England. He received the de-
gree of Master of Arts from Pembroke
College, Oxford, and was imprisoned by
Cromwell until the restoration, for loyalty
to the king. His son William was an
Episcopalian clergyman. Another son,
Benedict Satterley, born at St. Ide, 1656,
was a captain in the English navy. While
his vessel was in the harbor of New Lon-
don, Connecticut, he became enamoured
of a young lady there and resigned his
commission and settled in New London.
There he married, August 2, 1682, Re-
becca Dymond, daughter of James Bemis,
of New London. Their son, William Sat-
terlee, born 1684, in New London, resided
there, and married, September 6, 171 1,
Anne Avery, baptized June 19, 1692,
daughter of John and Abigail (Chese-
brough) Avery, of Groton, then part of
New London. They were the parents of
Benedict Satterlee, born August 11, 1714,
resided first in New London, later in



Stonington, Connecticut. He married,
January i6, 1738, Elizabeth Crary, of New
London, and they were the parents of
William Satterlee, a soldier of the French
and Indian War, later of the Revolution-
ary War, in which he was a brigade
major. He was a captain in the First
Regular Troops established by the pres-
ent United States government. Another
son of Benedict and Elizabeth (Crary)
Satterlee, was Samuel Satterlee, born
March 2, 1744, in Plainfield, who was a
captain of minute-men in the Revolution,
and after the war settled at Burnt Hills,
Saratoga county, New York, where he
died April 12, 1831, aged eighty-eight
years. He married, in 1773, Prudence,
daughter of Rev. John and Content
(Brown) Rathbone, of Rye, New York.
Rev. John Rathbone continued his serv-
ices in the pulpit to the age of ninety-six

George Crary Satterlee, born Novem-
I:)er 10, 1799, in Burnt Hills, New York,
married Mary Le Roy Livingston, a de-
scendant of the old New York family of
that name (see below). Children: George
Bowen, born 1833; Mary, died young;
Livingston, born 1840; Walter, January
18, 1844; Dr. Francis Le Roy, mentioned
below; Adele Marie, 1853, married Wil-
liam Henry Willis.

Dr. Francis Le Roy Satterlee, son of
George Crary and Mary Le Roy (Liv-
ingston) Satterlee, combines in his per-
son the mingled qualities of the Scotch
and the New England blood. As a youth
he was a student in the schools of New
York City, and graduated from New
York University with the degree of Bach-
elor of Philosophy in 1865. Three years
later he was graduated from the medical
college of that university, and received
the degree of Doctor of Medicine and
subsequently Doctor of Philosophy. In
his early student life he was an enthusias-
tic devotee of chemistry, and his precep-

tor was the celebrated Professor John
William Draper, president of the New
York University Medical College. Young
Satterlee made a specialty of the study of
rheumatic diseases, being himself afflicted
with the malady, and succeeded in curing
himself. For some years after graduation
Dr. Satterlee was Professor of Chemistry
and Hygiene in the American Veterinary
College, and for sixteen years was a police
surgeon of the City of New York, from
which he resigned. He is attending phy-
sician of St. Elizabeth's Hospital, New
York, consulting physician of the Mid-
night Mission, and was formerly attend-
ing physician of the Northeastern Dis-
pensary, in the departments of skin and
rheumatism. He is Professor of Physics,
Chemistry and Metallurgy in the New
York College of Dentistry, where he still
lectures four times a week, and was until
recently surgeon of the Eighty-fourth
Regiment, National Guard, State of New
York. He is the ranking member of the
board of trustees and directors of the
New York College of Dentistry, having
served since 1869, and is treasurer of the
board. Dr. Satterlee has achieved great
success in the treatment of disease, espe-
cially in rheumatic cases, and the treat-
ment of gallstones by medicine and with-
out operation, and has thus gathered some
of the emoluments due to skill and indus-
try. He is a trustee of the West Side
Savings Bank of New York City ; is a
fellow of the New York Academy of Med-
icine ; a member of the New York County
and State Medical societies ; an honor-
ary member of the Society of Arts, Lon-
don, England; American Medical Asso-
ciation ; member of the Pathological Soci-
ety ; American Association for the Ad-
vancement of Science ; Medical Associa-
tion of Greater New York ; New York
Geographical Society, and fellow of the
New York Historical Society. He is also
a member of various patriotic organiza-



tions, including Sons of the Revolution,
Society of Colonial Wars and St. Nicho-
las Society. He is a member of the Cen-
tury Club and of the college fraternity
Zeta Psi, of which he has been president.
Dr. Satterlee has been a writer for medi-
cal publications, and is an acknowledged
authority on uric acid disease, in whose
treatment he has been wonderfully suc-
cessful, treating patients from all parts of
the United States. He is the author of pub-
lications published by Davis of Detroit,
Michigan, and others, including: "A
Modern View of Rheumatism," "Rheumat-
ic Poison and its Treatment," and "Rheu-
matism and Gout" (1890). His remark-
able success has not operated to injure
his disposition or manner, and he is
among the most democratic of gentlemen,
widely known and universally esteemed
for his qualities as a man.

He married (first) December 9, 1868,
Laura Suydam, daughter of Henry Suy-
dam, of New York; (second) September
19, 1906, Mary Philipse (Gouveneur) Ise-
lin, widow of John H. Iselin, and grand-
niece of the Colonial patriot, Frederick
Philipse. Children : Madeline Le Roy,
Dr. Henry Suydam Satterlee, married
Ethel Whitney; Francis Le Roy, Jr. .mar-
ried Ebba Peterson ; Laura Livingston,
wife of Tracy Johnston.

(The Livingston Line).

The family name of Livingston origi-
nated in the place of residence of its users.
It was at first de Levingston, meaning of
or from the town or tun of Leving. A
tun at first meant the quick-set hedge or
stockade around the home of the head of
the manor, and afterwards came to mean
the manor house and the settlement
around it. The name originated in Lin-
lithgowshire, Scotland, where for long has
been the village of Livingston, known at
an earlier period as Levingstun, and as
written by the monks Villa Leving. The

Livingston arms: For the families resid-
ing in America, the technical blazon of
the coat-of-arms is : Quarterly, first and
fourth, argent, three cinquefoils gules,
within a double tressure flowered and
counter-flowered with fleur-de-lis vert, for
Livingston ; second and third, sable, a
bend between six billets or, for Callendar.
Crest : A full-rigged ship at sea, proper.
Motto : Spcro mcliora.

Robert Livingston was the first Lord
of the Manor of Livingston. He was
born at Ancrum, on the Teviot, Rox-
burghshire, Scotland, December 13, 1654,
son of Rev. John Livingston and his wife,
Janet (Fleming) Livingston. He is gen-
erally distinguished in history as "Rob-
ert the Elder," because his nephew, like-
wise a prominent person in the colony,
bore the same name and was known as
"Robert the Nephew." At the time of his
birth his father was the minister at An-
crum, and this son accompanied his par-
ents to Rotterdam, Holland, in the win-
ter of 1663, when nine years old. During
his stay there, he learned to speak the
Dutch tongue fluently, which was excel-
lent preparation for his coming to live in
a Dutch colony in America, where he rose
to be one of the most influential person-
ages. He was eighteen years old when
his father died, and being one of the fif-
teen children of one who had earned his
living by preaching, was naturally thrown
upon his own resources. He had no
thought to follow in his father's footsteps,
having suffered severely through the re-
ligious persecution of the family, hence
he decided to test his fortune in the new
world, about which unexplored place
everyone was talking. However, he went
back to Scotland with his mother for a
short stay after his father's death, and
on April 28, 1673, sailed from Greenoch
on the ship "Catherine," Captain John
Phillips, commander, bound for Charles-
town in New England, which facts he re-



corded in a diary. He shortly removed
from New England and selected Albany,
New York, for his abiding place. It was
only a few months after his arrival there
that he began buying land, thus inaugu-
rating his final achievement of being a
great landed proprietor. He bought what
was known as lot "No. i on the hill," in
March, 1675, most of the people having
residences along the level bank of the
Hudson, with gardens extending to the
river. Not long afterward, he added the
lot on the south, which was the northwest