Charles E. (Charles Elliott) Fitch.

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corner of State and Pearl streets, now the
site of the Tweddle office building. He
resided there until he bought the land of
his manor, and thereupon transferred this
Albany property to his son, Philip, the
oldest surviving male child at the time.
The Manor of Livingston originated when
Robert Livingston petitioned Sir Edmund
Andros, governor-general of New York
province, to allow him to purchase some
of the land on the east bank of the Hud-
son river, which was owned by the In-
dians, and the grant was signed Novem-
ber 12, 1680. Robert Livingston married,
in the Presbyterian church at Albany,
July 9, 1679 (old style), Alida (Schuyler)
Van Rensselaer, widow of Dominie Nich-
olas Van Rensselaer, and daughter of
Philip Pieterse Schuyler. She was born
February 28, 1656, died March 27, 1729.
They had nine children.

Philip Livingston, son of Robert and
Alida (Schuyler- Van Rensselaer) Liv-
ingston, was born July 9, 1686, at Albany,
New York, and died February 4, 1749, in
New York City. He was the fourth child
and second son, and became the second
Lord of the Manor of Livingston. On the
death of his father, in 1728, he succeeded
to ownership, as second Lord of the
Manor, of the largest portion of the vast
manorial estate, as well as to all the privi-
leges. He married, September 19, 1707,
Catrina Van Brugh, born at Albany, New



York, but baptized in the Dutch church.
New York City, November 10, 1689, died
February 20, 1756, daughter of Colonel
Pieter Van Brugh. They had eleven chil-
dren.

Robert Livingston, son of Philip and
Catrina (Van Brugh) Livingston, was
born December 16, 1708, at Albany, and
died at his home in Clermont, New York,
November, 1790. He succeeded his father
as the third Lord of the Manor of Liv-
ingston in 1749. The family seat in the
Legislature was occupied by his uncle,
Gilbert, until 1737, then he took it and
held it until 1758. At the other extreme
of his life, when the Revolution broke out,
he was too old to take an active part as
an officer or member of the manor militia,
but he urged his sons to belong, and four
of his sons took active positions in the
struggle for liberty. However, instead of
remaining inactive, he proved his loyalty
by placing his iron mines and foundry at
the disposition of the committee of safety.
He married (first) May 20, 1731, Maria
Thong, or Tong, daughter of Walter
Tong, born June 3, 171 1, died May 30,
1765. He married (second) Gertrude
(Van Rensselaer) Schuyler, born October
I, 1714. died previous to May 28, 1769.
He had thirteen children, all by the first
marriage.

John Livingston, son of Robert and
Maria (Thong or Tong) Livingston, was
born February 11, 1749, in New York
City, and died at his home, "Oak Hill,"
Columbia county, New York, October 24,
1822. He built the Livingston mansion
known as "Oak Hill," the only one, ex-
cept "Clermont," now owned by a Liv-
ingston, where he lived the life of a coun-
try gentleman. He bequeathed this resi-
dence to his youngest surviving son, Her-
man, and many of the ancestral portraits,
family furniture and silver combined to
make it a charming abode for his descend-
ants. He was commissioned aide-de-



43



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



camp to Governor George Clinton, in
April, 1778, and accompanied him in the
pursuit of Sir John Johnson and his raid-
ers, in May, 1780. He married (first)
May II, 1775, Mary Ann Le Roy, daugh-
ter of Jacob and Cornelia (Rutgers) Le
Roy; (second) November 3, 1796, Cath-
erine Livingston Ridley, daughter of Hon.
William Smith, "War Governor of New
Jersey." He had ten children, all by first
marriage.

Daniel Livingston, son of John and
Mary Ann (Le Roy) ■ Livingston, was
born June 3, 1786, resided in New York
City, and married Eliza Oothout. Chil-
dren : Mary Le Roy and Eliza.

Mary Le Roy Livingston, daughter of
Daniel and Eliza (Oothout) Livingston,
became the wife of George Crary Satter-
lee (see Satterlee).



LIFE, Willard C-, and Clifford E.,

Men of Enterprise.

The association in the popular mind of
the names of particular families with the
localities in which they have lived and
grown to prominence and influence is very
natural, and under the old aristocratic in-
stitutions of the past it was a matter of
common occurrence for towns, cities and
even larger regions to regard some family
as having a sort of half proprietory inter-
est in their affairs and a certain hereditary
right to i)reside over them. It is out of the
question, of course, in republican America
that such a feeling could be carried to
this extent, yet even here we often see the
phenomenon of certain names being re-
garded with a peculiar respect for a num-
ber of generations on account of the serv-
ices rendered by them to the community.
There is one profound difference, how-
ever, between the occurrence of this as it
prevailed, let us say, in Europe under the
feudal system and in America to-day, for
in the first place it was then often only



necessary for one member of a family to
display an especial talent or ability in
order that honor should be done his de-
scendants for an indefinite period, while
here it is only while they live up to the
standard set by him that a man's de-
scendants can hope to share his honor. It
is thus a far more notable achievement
for a family to remain influential and re-
spected here, to-day, than it ever was
elsewhere in other ages, and we feel that
an added praise is due to those names
that have persevered in their high places.
Such has been the case with the Lipe fam-
ily of Syracuse which has now been repre-
sented for two generations by members
who have distinguished themselves in the
industrial life of that flourishing city of
Syracuse, New York. It is with men of
both generations of the Lipe family that
this brief sketch is concerned. Willard
C. Lipe and Clififord E. Lipe, uncle and
nephew, the elder of whom is now the
active head of many important industrial
enterprises in Syracuse, and the younger
deceased, his brilliant career cut off short
almost at the threshold. His death at
Saranac Lake in the Adirondacks, whither
he had gone for his health, on February
7, 1916, was felt as a severe loss by the
whole community and mourned by a large
circle of devoted friends and admirers.

Willard C. Lipe was born in Mont-
gomery county. New York, December 21,
1861, a son of John E. and Susan M.
(Coughtry) Lipe, old and highly re-
spected residents of that region. The
family had long been engaged in agri-
culture in Montgomery county, and both
John E. Lipe and his father, Jacob I. Lipe,
were successful farmers there. The latter
died in 1880 at the advanced age of
eighty-four, and the son, John E., died in
1910, having attained the same age as
that of his father, eighty-four years. Wil-
lard C. Lipe was one of a family of three
children. He passed his childhood in his



44




Ir.c.^Cf^



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



native region, attending the local district
school for his education and benefiting
by the healthful life and training to be
gained on the farm. In the year 1880,
before he had completed his nineteenth
year, he left the parental home and re-
moved to the city of Syracuse, which has
ever since remained his home and the
scene of his busy life. In his youth he
attended Clinton Liberal Institute where
he studied mechanical, scientific and com-
mercial lines and proved himself a most
apt student and a hard and industrious
worker. His elder brother, Charles E.
Lipe, had already made an entrance into
the industry of manufacturing of machin-
ery and tools and founded the Lipe Shops,
and it was into this establishment that
W'illard C. Lipe went and it was there
that he gained the practical knowledge
that he has of his business in all its de-
tails. It was not long before his talent
made itself apparent and he was trans-
ferred to the drafting room where the de-
signs of the machinery were made which
were afterwards constructed in the shop.
Here his ability displayed itself to even
greater advantage and he was steadily
advanced to posts of greater and greater
trust and responsibility. His talents did
not stop short at the mechanical side of
the business, but as he advanced to a
place of control he showed himself to be
a man of general executive and business
capability and soon was recognized as an
important figure in the industrial world.
Nor were his business connections limited
to any one concern, but extended them-
selves until they embraced many great
enterprises and he to-day holds the office
of president of the Lipe-Walrath Com-
pany, the Globe Malleable Iron and Steel
Company and the Railway Roller Bear-
ing Company. Besides this he is vice-
president of the Brown-Lipe Gear Com-
pany, the Brown-Lipe-Chapin Company
and one of the largest owners of the



Engelberg Huller and the Endicott Forg-
ing companies. The Brown-Lipe Gear
Company has a large plant near the
Straight Line Engine Company's works
on South Geddes street, employing five
hundred and fifty workmen in its exten-
sive operations. The Lipe Shops design
and build special machines, tools and dies
and general machine work, the plant
being one of the most perfectly equipped
for this purpose in the State. Mr. Lipe
is himself an expert in his line, possessing
the most complete knowledge of the prin-
ciples underlying mechanical construction
and a very large experience of the actual
workings of engines and mechanisms gen-
erally. To this he adds unusual inventive
ability and is therefore the best possible
person to carry on the business founded
by his brother.

A man so deeply engaged in the con-
duct of enterprises of such moment, it
would seem could scarcely find time and
opportunity to give to other kinds of
activity, yet such is certainly not true in
the case of Mr. Lipe who is very promi-
nent in the general life of the city. He is
extremely interested in the general wel-
fare of the community and is associated
with many organizations having that wel-
fare as their objective. He is a member
of the Chamber of Commerce and of the
Citizens' and Technology clubs and in his
connection with them amply displays his
broad-minded public spirit. Socially and
fraternally, too, he is active, a member of
Syracuse City Lodge, No. 215, Knights
of Pythias, and his interest extends to
sports and athletics so that he belongs to
the Onondaga Golf and Country Club,
also the Bellevue Country Club, the well-
known Mystique Krewe, and the Boys'
Club. In politics he generally votes the
Republican ticket, but maintains that in-
dependence of mind that marks him in
every department of thought and activity,
reserving to himself the privilege of se-



4.=.



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



lecting the best cause and candidate as he
sees them at the time. He is affiliated
with the Presbyterian church and attends
the Fourth Church of that denomination
in Syracuse. His residence is the hand-
some one at No. 112 Summit avenue.

Mr. Lipe was married on August 27,
1884, to Jennie Sponable, a daughter of
David and Margaret (Vrooman) Spon-
able, of Fort Plain, New York, and of
their union two children have been born,
Marjorie and Willard Charles.

Mr. Lipe is a great believer in organi-
zaton and cooperation and has learned to
economize to the last degree all the fac-
tors of an operation to the production of
the greatest possible result. It is his
policy to utilize every possible opportun-
ity to promote his aims, and as these are
so closely identified with the best inter-
ests of the community it is obvious in
what lies his great value as a citizen. He
stands to-day as a splendid example of
the man of enterprise so typical of our
epoch and if it is true, as it unquestion-
ably is, that America can boast of a repu-
tation as the leader of the world in the
conduct of all successful industrial and
commercial affairs, then it is due to the
presence in its midst of men of action
such as Mr. Lipe.

Clifford E. Lipe, nephew of Willard C.
Lipe, whose tragic and untimely death
was the cause of so general a regret, was
born December 23, 1887, in Syracuse, the
lifelong scene of his short but active
career. He was a son of Charles E. and
Mary (Sponable) Lipe, both deceased, his
father having been the founder of the
Lipe Shops and a part founder of several
other great concerns. The son began his
education in the excellent public schools
of his native city and graduated from the
Central High School. It had been decided
in accordance with the wishes of both him-
self and his father that he should take an
engineering course and with this end in



view he matriculated at Cornell Univer-
sity. Here he distinguished himself as a
student of unusual aptness and diligence
and won the regard and affection at once
of his masters and the undergraduate
body. He graduated with the class of
191 1 and received a degree in mechanical
engineering. He then went abroad with
Mr. Charles S. Brown and with him spent
a year in travelling over the British Isles
and the Continent of Europe. Returning
to America he at once began active busi-
ness life in connection with the engineer-
ing and machine works in which his
father was so deeply interested, and
quickly displayed an ability in business
far above the average and which seemed
to promise a most brilliant career for the
future. Unfortunately the future never
arrived for him. He was a large stock-
holder in the Brown-Lipe-Chapin Com-
pany, the Globe Malleable Iron and Steel,
the Railway Roller Bearing, the Engel-
berg Huller and the Endicott Forging
companies. He was also vice-president
and a large stockholder of the Brown-
Lipe Gear Company. He was also very
active in social and club circles in the
city and was a member of many organ-
izations. While in college he became a
member of the Seal and Serpent Frater-
nity and he later belonged to the Ameri-
can Society of Mechanical Engineers, the
Technology Club of Syracuse, the Cornell
Club of New York and the Syracuse Cor-
nell Club. He was also a member of the
University, City. Century and Citizens'
clubs of Syracuse. Deeply interested in
athletics and out-door sports he was one
of the incorporators and a director of the
Bellevue Country Club and was a mem-
ber of the Onondaga Golf Club, the Ya-
hundasis Golf Club of Utica and the
Automobile Club of Syracuse.

Unaccustomed to anything in the
nature of ill health — he had always been
robust from childhood — Mr. Lipe did not



46




C3



'-.4 J-teu>



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



realize the significance of certain symp-
toms of disorder which attacked him
about a year before his death, and con-
tinued his hard work until they had
gained too great a hold upon his system
to be checked. When at length he con-
sented, upon the solicitations of his friends,
to consult a physician, he was already
advanced upon a decline which neither
medical skill or a change in climate could
halt. He went to Saranac Lake in the
Adirondacks and was there under the
best medical treatment for some months,
but eventually succumbed to his trouble.
The death of few young men would have
been felt as generally as his as the words
of many prominent men of Syracuse
amply testify, and this brief appreciation
cannot be more fittingly closed than by
a quotation of some of them.

Of Mr. Lipe Mr. Alexander T. Brown
said:

When Charles E. Lipe died in his prime this
city suffered a great loss. Now, in the death of
his son, Clifford E., at the early age of twenty-
eight, another life of great promise ends. Clif-
ford E. Lipe inherited his father's keen mechan-
ical and business sense, and this was linked with
a thorough theoretical and practical education.
His ability and influence were widely recognized.
He possessed a host of friends and, in his own
quiet way, contributed liberally to many chari-
ties.

Mr. H. W. Chapin said:

From his earliest boyhood, through his school
and college days, I have watched Clifford E.
Lipe develop into a lovable and splendid young
business man. It is a pity that his life could
not have been spared for he was already well
along the way to a manhood of great usefulness.
His ability in business, mechanical and financial
matters was unusual. The men in the factories
admired and respected him as their friend. He
was absolutely square, a man who would decide
for right every time regardless of his personal
interests. I feel his loss exceedingly.

The tribute of Arthur E. Parsons was
as follows :



From early boyhood Clifford E. Lipe demon-
strated that he possessed the Lipe mechanical
genius. Repeatedly as a young boy I saw him
working along the right lines on mechanical
devices. Upon his graduation from college he
brought to his business, not only a natural
mechanical ability, but a fine technical knowledge
and a keen, shrewd business sense. He quickly
developed into a careful, competent manufac-
turer, well liked and relied upon by his associ-
ates. In his death Syracuse loses a young man
who was already one of her captains of industry
and a loved and respected citizen.



WHITRIDGE, Frederick Wallingford,

La^ryer, Railroad Froident.

Frederick W. Whitridge springs from
New England ancestors, and partakes of
the qualities of thrift and enterprise
which have distinguished the people of
that section for three centuries. The
founder of the family in this country was
William Whitridge, born 1599, died De-
cember 9, 1688, came to America in the
ship "Elizabeth" in 1625, with his wife,
Elizabeth, born 1605, and son, Thomas,
from Beninden, County Kent, England.
He was living in Ipswich, Massachusetts,
in 1637, and his wife died before 1663, in
which year he married (second) Susanna,
widow of Anthony Colby. She died De-
cember 9, 1668. Thomas Whitridge, son
of William and Elizabeth Whitridge,
born 1625, was living in Ipswich, Massa-
chusetts, in 1648, and had a wife, Flor-
ence, who died in 1672. Their son, Wil-
liam Whitridge, born 1659, resided in
Rochester, Massachusetts, and was the
father of Thomas Whitridge, born there
November 12, 1710, died March 7, 1795.
His intention of marriage to Hannah
Haskell was entered September i, 1733.
Their third son. Dr. William Whitridge,
was born February 13, 1748, in Roches-
ter; settled at Tiverton, Rhode Island, in
1780, dying there April 5, 1831. In 1791
he received the honorary degree of Mas-
ter of Arts from Yale College, and in



47



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



1823 received the honorary degree of
Doctor of Medicine from Harvard Uni-
versity. He married Mary Gushing, born
July 21, 1759, in Scituate, Massachusetts,
died in Tiverton, March 17. 1846. They
had a large family of children born in
Tiverton. Of these, the second son, Wil-
liam Gushing Whitridge, was born No-
vember 25, 1784, in Tiverton, and became
a physician, practicing many years with
great success in New Bedford, Massa-
chusetts. He married his cousin, Olive
Gushing, born February 20, 1783, in Bos-
ton, eldest daughter and fifth child of
John and Olive (Wallingford) Gushing,
of South Berwick, Maine, died September
9, 1876. John Gushing Whitridge, son of
William G. and Olive (Gushing) Whit-
ridge, was born in Tiverton, Rhode
Island, and lived in New Bedford, Mas-
sachusetts, where he died in 1908. He
married Lucia Shaw Bailey, daughter of
John G. Bailey, of Newport, Rhode Island,
and they were the parents of Frederick
Wallingford Whitridge.

Frederick Wallingford Whitridge was
born August 5, 1852, in New Bedford,
Massachusetts, where he grew up, and
received his primary education in the
public schools. Entering .A.mherst Col-
lege, Amherst, Massachusetts, he was
graduated A. B. in 1874, following which
he entered Columbia Law School in New
York City, from which he received the
degree of LL. B. in 1877. In that year
he was admitted to the New York bar,
but did not engage in active practice. For
some years he was lecturer in the school
of political science attached to Columbia
University, and is one of the founders of
the Civil Service Reform Association.
Mr. Whitridge has given his talents and
energies to^ the development and progress
of many business enterprises, and is now
a director of the Niagara Development
Company and the Cataract Construction
Company. He is and has been for several



years receiver and president of the Third
Avenue Railroad Company of New York
City. In religion he is an Episcopalian,
and in politics independent of party dic-
tation. On the occasion of the marriage
of King Alfonso of Spain to Princess Vic-
toria Eugenie of England, Mr. Whit-
ridge was appointed by the President as
special ambassador to attend the cere-
monies as representative of the United
States. He has been an occasional con-
tributor to magazines on various subjects,
and has demonstrated a large amount of
business ability and versatility in other
directions. He is a member of several
clubs, including the University, Knicker-
bocker, Metropolitan, City, Downtown,
Players, Century and Westchester Coun-
ty clubs.

He married, in 1884, Lucy Arnold,
daughter of Matthew and Lucy (Wight-
man) Arnold, and they have children:
Arnold, Eleanor, Joan. For a quarter of
a century the family has resided in the
same house on East Eleventh street, New
York City, and the summers are spent in
the Scottish Highlands, where Mr. Whit-
ridge is the owner of a beautiful estate.



IRVING, Walter,

Retired.

Walter Irving, of Binghamton, New
York, is a scion of a family which has be-
come noted in history, in literature and in
the professions. The name in olden times
is found in a variety of forms. Erevine.
which was contracted into Irvine, comes
from the ancient Gelto-Sythick Erinvane,
or Erinfeine, signifying a true or stout
Westland man, for the word Erin, both
in the old Gaelic-Welsh and the old
Gaelic language, signifies "the west,"
which is the Ireland of to-day, being west
of Albia, and veiiie, or feine, signifying
"himself," meaning as that of a strong,
resolute man. Arms of the Irving family



48



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



of Drum Castle : Argent, three bunches
of holly leaves proper. Crest: Three in
each, two and one. Crest : A sheaf of
arrows. Motto: Sub sole, sub umbra,
vircns. The device on the arms, consist-
ing of three holly leaves, was conferred
about the year 1333, A. D., by King
Robert Bruce upon William de Irvine,
and which he (Bruce) had borne as Earl
of Carrick. The story in this connection
is that when Bruce was closely pursued
by the enemy, and accompanied by only
three of four followers, he was so over-
come by fatigue that he required a few
hours of rest, and lay down to sleep be-
neath a holly bush, whilst Irvine kept
watch, and thus chose to memorialize the
event and in testifying to the fidelity of
his follower, bestowed the motto: Sub
sole, sub umbra, vircns, referring both to
the holly and to his companions fidelity
— "growing or flourishing in sunshine and
in shade" — and the lands of Drum in
Aberdeenshire.

William Irving, son of Magnus and
Catherine (Williamson) Irving, was the
founder of this American branch of the
Irving family. For a time he followed a
seafaring life, but later became a mer-
chant. He married at Falmouth, Eng-
land, in 1 761, Sarah Sanders, daughter of
John and Anna Sanders, and granddaugh-
ter of an English curate by the name of
Kent. He came to America with his wife
and they became the parents of eleven
children, among whom was Washington
Irving.

Judge John Treat Irving, another son
of William and Sarah (Sanders) Irving,
was born in New York City, March 26,
1778, and died there, March 15, 1838. He
was graduated at Columbia College in
1798; admitted to the bar; was a member
of the State Assembly, 1816-17, 1819-20,
and a judge of the Court of Common
Pleas, serving as first judge, 1821-38. In
his earlier years he contributed political
N Y-Vol iv-4 49



articles to "The Chronicle," edited by his
brother, Washington Irving. He was a
trustee of Columbia College, 1818-28, and
a vestryman of Trinity Church, New
York. He married, April 28, 1806, Abby
Spicer, daughter of Gabriel and Sarah
(Wall) Furman.

John Treat Irving, son of Judge John
Treat and Abby Spicer (Furman) Irving,
was born in New York City, in the family
mansion in Wall street, at that time a
select residential district, December 2,
1812, and died in the same city, February-
2y, 1906. He possessed many of the gifts
of his famous uncle, Washington Irving,
his works being characterized by the
same easy style and literary grace that