Charles Edward Buckland.

Dictionary of Indian biography; online

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I-ight Cavalry, 1904 : G.C.B.

FORBES, GORDON SULLIVAN

(1820-1893)

I.C.S. : born March 29, 1820 : son ot
Gordon Forbes, B.C.S. : educated at
Cheam and Haileybury, 1836-8 : went
to Madras, 1838 : was Collector of Ganjam,
1858-67, and did good work in the famine
relief operations, 1866-7 : Member of the
Board of Revenue, Madras, and Additional
Member of the Governor-General's Legis-
lative Council : retired, 1874 : died April
26, 1893 : wrote Wild Life in Canara,
a work on Natural History and Sport :
helped to found a charity in Madras for
the relief of destitute Europeans in India.

FORBES, JAMES (1749-1819)
I.C.S. : born in 1749 : went out to
Bombay in 1765 : was Private Secretary
to Col. Keating in 1 775 and Chaplain of the
force in the expedition to assist Raghoba :
held minor charges in India, but made a
competency and left India in 1784. with
150 volumes of materials, including draw-
ings, of Indian subjects : after the rupture
of the Peace of Amiens he was detained in
France till 1804, when he returned to
England : published his Oriental Memoirs,
in four volumes, 1813-5 : F.R.S. and
F.S.A : Montalembert, the historian, was
his grandson : died Aug. i, 1810.

FORCHHAMMER, EMMANUEL

(1851-1890)

Born March 12, 1851, in Switerzland :
son of a Protestant pastor: educated at
home and New Orleans : studied medicine,
graduated. Doctor : Assistant Surgeon at
a hospital : turned to languages : travelled
among American Indian tribes : to Europe,
1875, to Leipzig : studied Sanskrit. Pali.



ISO



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



Tibetan, Chinese, Arabic : appointed,
i87Q,'Professor of Pali at the Government
High School, Rangoon : investigated the
sacred and vernacular literature of Burma :
catalogued Pali MSS., and wrote on Bur-
mese la\v : edited the Tripitaka, or Budd-
hist Canon : besides his educational work,
studied other Burmese vernaculars, Shan,
Karen, etc. : wrote on Indo-Chinese lan-
guages and Burmese dialects : employed on
archaeological investigations and decipher-
ment of ancient inscriptions : made an
archaeological survey of Arakan : surveyed
the temple ruins of Pagan, 1888 : collected
a quantity of MSS., etc. : did good work as
antiquarian and philologist in Burma :
died April 26, 1890.

FORD, ARTHUR (1834- )

Bom Aug. 15, 1834 : son of Arthur
Ford : educated at Grosvenor College,
Bath, and St. John's College, Cambridge :
entered R.A., 1855 : Lt-Colonel, 1881 :
Colonel : retired, 1883 : served in the
Indian mutiny, 1857-8 : relief, siege and
capture of Lucknow : wounded : Assistant
Director of Artillery studies at Woolwich,
1870-3 : Inspector of Explosives, Home
Office, 1873-99 : C.B., 1895.

FORD, WILLIAM (1821-1905)

I.C.S. : born Nov. 29, 1821 : son of
Sir Francis Ford, Bart. : educated at
Haileybury : entered the Bengal Civil
Service, 1S43 : served in the Indian
mutiny, in the Gurgaon district : saved a
number of Christian fugitives : present
at the siege of Delhi ; saw service with
General Showers : Commissioner of Mul-
tan, 1862 : Agent at Bahawalpur, 1866,
where he suppressed a mutiny : C.S.I.,
1866: author of several novels, of which
the latest is Prince Baber and his Wives :
wrote also A Viceroy of India (Lord
Lawrence) ; died June 18, 1905.

FORDE, ARTHUR W. (P-1883-5 ?)
Was engaged on the construction of
Irish railways: went to India, 1855, as
Chief Engineer of the B.B. and C.I.
Railways : advocated the light railway
system for purely agricultural districts,
with tramways and feeder lines : wrote
a pamphlet ^' 10,000 miles against 5,000,"
and lectured in Bombay on " Railway
Extension in India, with special reference
to the export of wheat " : practised as



Consulting Engineer in Bombay and
other parts of India : was for 7 years
Consulting Engineer to the Bombay
Municipality : constructed the first wet-
dock, the Sassoon dock at Colaba, Bombay :
engaged on the water-supply and drainage
of Bombay : M.I.C.E. : retired, after
about 30 years in India, soon after 1880 :
died about 1883-5.



FORDE, FRANCIS (



-1770)



Colonel : son of Matthew Forde :
Captain in the 39th regt., 1746 : Major,
1755 = ^^3s repulsed in an attack on
NeUore, May, 1757 : joined the E.I. Co.'s
Army in Bengal, 1758, as second to Clive :
sent by Clive in Oct. 1758, with 500
Europeans and 2,000 sepoys to Vizagapa-
tam, to create a diversion against the
French in the Northern Sircars : defeated
the Marquis de Conflans (who had replaced
Bussy) at Condore, Dec. 1758 : took
Rajamimdry and Masulipatam in April,
1759 : thus gaining the N. Sircars and
expeUing the French : defeated the Dutch
at Chinsura : went to England with
Clive, who was his friend : and, on his
recommendation.was one of the Commission
of three (with Vansittart and Serafton) sent
from England in 1769 to overhaul the
Bengal administration : after touching
at the Cape in Dec. 1769, their vessel was
lost at sea.

FORDYCE, SIR JOHN ( ? -1877)

Lt-General : entered the Bengal Artil-
lery in 1822 : was in the first Burmese
war, at the capture of Arakan : in the
Satlaj campaign of 1845-6 : at Firozshahr
and Sobraon : in the advance on Lahore :
in the Panjab campaign of 1848-9, at
ChiUanwala and Gujarat, in the pursuit of
the Sikhs, and of the Afghans to the
Khyber : commanded the Artillery in the
Yusafzai country in 1849 and at the forcing
of the Kohat Pass in 1850 by Sir C.
Napier : Colonel Commandant, 1S73 :
K.C.B., 1877.



FORJETT, CHARLES (



-1890)



Deputy, and, later, the Commissioner
of Police, Bombay, from ,1855, and
President of the Board, or Chief Municipal
Commissioner of Bombay : his energetic
action, in Sep. 1857, stopped a contem-
plated sepoy outbreak and saved Bom-
bay : his high character, knowledge of



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



151



the natives and fitness for his position
generally admitted : much trusted by
Lord Elphinstone, the Governor of Bom-
bay : was presented with purses on
retirement, and received an extra pension :
regarded himself as slighted, being unde-
corated : died Jan. 27, 1890 : wrote Oitr
Real Danger in India, 1877.

FORLONG, JAMES GEORGE RORKE

(1824-1904)
Maj-General : born Nov. 1824 : edu-
cated as an Engineer : joined the Indian
Army, 1843 : in the S. Mahratta Company,
1845-6 : in the Madras Army, 1847 : in
the second Burmese war, 1852 : after the
annexation, was head of the P.W.D.
there : travelled widely, 1858-9 : on
special public works, inquiries and con-
struction of prisons in the Andamans :
Superintending Engineer in Bengal,
N.W.P., Rajputana, 1861-71 : Secretary
and Chief Engineer, Oudh, 1872-7 :
retired : wrote largely in periodicals on
religions, archEeology, philology : wrote
the Rivers of Life, or the Faiths of Mankind
in all Lands, 1883 ; Short Studies in the
Science of Comparative Religions, embracing
all the Religions of Asia : a student of
exploration, thought, and research in
Oriental subjects : well versed in Indian
religions and folklore of the East : died
March 29, 1904.

FORREST, GEORGE WILLIAM

(1846- )

Born Jan. 8, 1846 : son of Capt. George
Forrest, V.C. : educated privately and at
St. John's College, Cambridge : appointed
to Bombay Educational Department,
1872 : Census Commissioner at Bombay,
1882 : on special duty in connexion with
Bombay Records, 1884-8 : Professor of
English History, Elphinstone College,
1887 : Director of Bombay Records, 1888 :
Assistant Secretary to the Government of
India : Director of Government of India
Records, 1894-1900 : C.I.E., 1899 : wrote
articles on " The Deforestation of India"
in the Bombay Gazette : author of
various Selections from State Papers :
The Administration of Warren Hastings,
The Administration of Lord Lansdowne,
Sepoy Generals, Cities of India, History
I of the Indian Mutiny, etc. : F.R.G.S.

I FORREST, THOMAS (1729P-1802?)
I Midshipman, R.N., in 1745 : in the E.I.
I Co.'s service after 1748 : commanded a



ship from 1762 : made fifteen voyages
from India to the East, and four from
England to India : he formed a settlement
in 1770 at Balambangan, and in 1774-6
explored in New Guinea, the Sulu Archi-
pelago, the Moluccas, etc., and wrote an
account of his voyages : employed by
Warren Hastings to obtain news of the
French fleet which had escaped the
English ships ; he found it at Achin, and
the information was very valuable.
He made a voyage " from Bengal to
Quedah " in 1783, and a voyage "from
Calcutta to the Mergui Archipelago,"
1790, discovering the Forrest Strait :
besides other papers, he wrote a Treatise
on the Monsoons in East India, 1782 :
died about 1802.

FORSTER, GEORGE ( ? -1792)

In the E.I. Co.'s Civil Service, in 1782 :
he travelled from India through Kashmir,
Afghanistan, Herat, Persia, by the Caspian
Sea to Russia : wrote A Journey from
Bengal to England, through the Northern
Part of India, Kashmir, Afghanistan, and
Persia, and into Russia by the Caspian
Sea, 1798 : also Sketches of the Mythology
and Customs of the Hindus : in 1792, he
died at Nagpur, on an embassy to the
Mahrattas.

FORSTER, HENRY (1793-1862)
Son of Henry Pitts Forster (q.v.), of
the E.I. Co.'s Civil Service : entered the
Mahratta Army, but joined " Skinner's
Horse" in 1816: was second in com-
mand in 1822 : was in the Pindari cam-
paign, and at Mahidpur : about 1834 he
raised the Shekhawati Brigade and won
several engagements against insurgents
in Rajputana : was in the Satlaj campaign
of 1845-6 with his Brigade : made C.B. and
Colonel in the Queen's Army in 1854.
In the mutiny his Shekhawati battalion
was deputed to reduce the rebel 34th
N.I., in Chota Nagpur : died in Calcutta.
Oct. 9, 1862.

FORSTER, HENRY PITTS (1766 7-1815)
In the E.I. Co.'s Bengal Civil Service,
joined in 1783 : Registrar of the Sadr
DiwaniA dalat of the Twenty-four Parganas,
1794 : pubhshed the first English-Bengali
vocabularv in 1799- 1802, and, largely
through his efforts, Bengali became the
official as well as the literary language of



IS2



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



Bengal : studied Sanskrit, and laboriously
translated a native grammar : became
master of the Calcutta Mint : died in
India, Sep. lo, 1815.

FORSYTH, JAMES (1838-1871)

Born in 1838 : took his M.A. degree :
went to India as acting Conservator of
Forests : served in the Central Provinces
as Deputy Commissioner of Nimar :
joined the Staff Corps : was a keen
sportsman : wrote The Sporting Rifle and
its Projectiles, 1863 : made a long tour in
the Central Provinces, 1862-4, and wrote
The Highlands of Central India : Notes
on their Forests and Wild Tribes, Natural
History and Sports, which appeared in
1871, after his death on May 1, 1871.

FORSYTH, SIR JOHN (1799-1883)

Principal Inspr-General in H.M.S.

Indian Medical Department, Bengal :

Honorary Physician to Queen Victoria :

died Jan. 14, 1883 : C.B., 1862 : K. C.S.I. ,



FORSYTH, REV. NATHANIEL (1769-

1816)

Born 1769 in Dumfriesshire : educated
at Glasgow, and at the Divinity Hall,
under the Rev. Professor G. Lawson, of
the New Burgher Associate Synod : be-
came a tutor at an academy, Islington, and
a candidate for missionary work : arrived
in Bengal, Dec. 1798, as the first missionary
sent out by the London Missionary
Society : allowed to preach in Dr. Dun-
widdie's lecture-room in Cossitolla, Cal-
cutta : also at the General Hospital and
the Fort : held charge of the Settlement
Church at Chinsura, and managed a
large school there, 1S05 : he and Dr.
Carey opened the Lai Bazar Chapel, Jan.

I, 1809 : died at Chandernagore, Feb.

II, 1816.

FORSYTH, SIR THOMAS DOUGLAS

(1827-1886)

I.C.S. : son of Thomas Forsyth, mer-
chant : born Oct. 7, 1827 : educated at
Sherborne, Rugby and Haileybury : ar-
rived at Calcutta, 1848 : went to the
Panjab, after the annexation of 1849 :
at the outbreak of the mutiny was Deputy
Commissioner of Umballa : reported on
the disaffection, and controlled the Sikh
States : was a Special Commissioner for



punishing the rebels, after the fall of
Delhi : Secretary to the Chief Commis-
sioner of Oudh : C.B. : went to Leh in
1867 to promote trade with Turkistan :
established the Palampur fair : sent to
Russia on diplomatic mission : obtained
from the Russian Government an acknow-
ledgment that certain disputed terri-
tories belonged to the Amir of Afghanistan :
went in 1870 to Yarkand : in 1872, lost
his appointment as Commissioner of
Umbala for supporting his subordinate's
measures in putting down the Kooka
outbreak at Malair Kotla : led a mission
to Kashgar, 1873-4 : K.C.S.I. in 1874 :
Additional Member of the Governor-
General's Legislative Council, 1874 : En-
voy to Burma in 1875 : obtained an
agreement to the independence of the
Karenni states : retired in 1877 : died
Dec. 17, 1886.

FORTESCUE, THOMAS (1784-1872)

I.C.S. : born 1784 : son of Gerald
Fortescue, Secretary to his cousin Henry
Wellesley (i 773-1847 : Baron Cowley,
1828), youngest brother of the Marquess
Wellesley, who was Lieutenant-Governor
of the ceded Province of Oudh from Nov.
1801 to 1803, when he quitted India :
Fortescue was Commissioner at Delhi,
1803 : died Sep. 7, 1872.

FORTESCUE, ROBERT (1813-1880)

Born Sep. 16, 1813 : educated at the
Edrom Parish School : became a Super-
intendent in the Royal Horticultural
Society's garden at Chiswick : visited
China, Java, Manilla, 1842-6, as collector :
to China again in 1848, to collect tea
plants and seeds for the E.I. Co. : in
1 85 1 introduced many of them into the
N.W.P. : wrote a Report on the Tea
Plantations in the N.W.P., and Two
Visits to the Tea Countries of China, and
the British Plantations in the Himalayas,
1853 : also visited Formosa, and wrote
other accounts of his travels in the Far
East : died April 13, 1880.

FOSTER, SIR CHARLES JOHN

(1818-1896)

Son of Edward Foster : entered the
Army, 1836 : served with the i6th
Lancers in the Afghan war, 1841-2, under
Sir J. Keane : at Ghazni : at Maharajpur,
1843 : and in the Satlaj campaign, 1846 :



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



153



at Badiwal, Aliwal and Sobraon : Captain,
1847 : General, 1885 : Member of the
Council of India, 1878-88 : C.B., 1877 :
Colonel of the 21st Hussars, 1872-6, and
of the i6th Lancers, 1886 : K.C.B., 1893 :
died Feb. 11, 1896.



FOSTER, WILLIAM (1863-



Born Nov. 19, 1863 : son of William
Foster : educated at Cooper's Grammar
School and London University : joined
the India Office, 1882 : edited India
Office List, i8j)i-5 : Assistant to the
Registrar and S^lperintendent of Records,
1901 : Hon. Secretary to the Hakluyt
Society, 1893-1902 : has edited several
old records, including The Embassy of
Sir Thomas Roe to the Court of the Great
Moqul, 1615-19, and, with Sir G. Bird-
wood, The First Letter-book of the East
India Company, i6oo-ig.

FOULIS, SIR EDWARD (1768-1843)

Arrived in India, 1789 : in the 3rd
Cavalry in Mysore under Cornwallis,
1791-2 : at sieges of Bangalore, Savandrug,
Seringapatam, Pondicherry : in the My-
sore war under General Harris, 1788-91,
at Malavilli and Seringapatam : under
Col. A. Wellesley, against Dhoondia
Waugh, saw much active service : Re-
mount agent for Madras cavalry, 1807 :
commanded Light Cavalry, 1815 : in
Pindari war, 1817 : commanded at Arcot,
1819 : held various cavalry commands :
Maj-General, 1837 : K.C.B. : died April
12, 1843.

FOWLER, SIR HENRY HARTLEY

(1830- )

Born May 16, 1830 : educated at
Woodhouse Grove School, and St. Saviour's
Grammar School : Mayor of Wolver-
hampton, 1863 : M.P. for Wolverhampton
since 1880 : Under Secretary, Home
Department, 1884-5 : Financial Secretary
to the Treasury, 1886 : President of the
Local Government Board, 1892-4 : Secre-
tary of State for India, March 10, 1894,
to July 5, 1895 : G.C.S.I., 1895 : P.C. :
D.L.

FOX, CHARLES JAMES (1749-1806)

Third son of Henry Fox, Lord Holland :
born Jan. 24, 1749 = educated at Wands-
worth, Eton and Hertford College, Oxford,
1764-6 : M.P. for Midhurst, 1768 : for



Westminster, 1780 : held office in the
Government, 1770-2 : 1772-4 : attacked
Lord Clive in Parliament, 1773 ; Foreign
Secretary, 1782-3, 1806 : Fox introduced
into Parliament, Nov. 18, 1783, his Bills,
prepared with Burke's aid, for the better
Government of India : by the first Bill,
he proposed to establish a Board of 7
Commissioners to hold office for 4 years
and have absolute control over the
patronage and Government of India :
with a Board of 8 Assistant Councillors
to administer the commercial affairs of
the E.I. Co. : by the second Bill, restric-
tions were imposed upon the free action
of the Governor-General. The first Bill
passed the House of Commons, but was
rejected by the House of Lords, by the
King's influence, Dec. 17, 1783 : the
second Bill made no progress. When his
party attacked Warren Hastings, 1786,
Fox spoke for the Rohilla charge, and
June 13, brought forward the Benares
charge, which he carried : spoke in
favour of the charge relating to the Begams
of Gudh, 1787 : took a leading part in
settling the articles of impeachment of
Hastings : was a manager of the trial :
again led the Benares charge in the trial,
1788 : spoke against the abatement of the
impeachment by the dissolution of Par-
liament, 1789 : died Sep. 13, 1806.

FOX, HENRY WATSON (1817-1848)
Missionary : son of George Townshend
Fox : born 1817: educated at Rugby and
Wadham College, Oxford : ordained,
1840 : to Madras in 1841 as a missionary
of the Church Missionary Society : worked
at Masulipatam : visited the Nilgiris,
Travancore, Tinnivelly : became Assistant
Secretary to the Society : died at Durham,
Oct. 14, 1848 : wrote Chapters on Mis-
sions in South India.

FRANCIS, SIR PHILIP (1740-1818)
Son of the Rev. Philip Francis : born
Oct. 22, 1740 : educated at Dublin and
St. Paul's School : became a junior clerk
in the Secretary of State's office : Secre-
tary to General E. Bligh and at the capture
of Cherbourg in 1758 : Secretary to Lord
Kinnoull's Embassy at Lisbon, 1760 :
amanuensis to Pitt, 1761-2 : clerk at the
War Office, 1762 : resigned in March,
1772, for some unexplained reason.
During those years, "Junius' letters"



154



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



appeared, which for many grounds have
been attributed to Francis. Their iden-
tity, first suggested by Taylor in 1813,
1S16, may be considered to have been
established. After the passing of the
Regulating Act of 1773 for India, Francis
was appointed a member of the new
Supreme Council in India. He and his
colleagues, Clavering and Monson, arrived
at Calcutta on Oct. 19, 1774 : these three
opposed Warren Hastings, the Governor-
General, and Harwell (g.v.), the remaining
Member of the Supreme Council : being
a majority, they had great power.
Francis took the side of Nuncomar {g.v.),
after the latter had accused Hastings of
corruption. Nuncomar was hanged for
forgery on Aug. 5, 1775. The death of
Monson, on Sep. 25, 1776, gave Hastings
the casting vote. Harwell left India in
March, 1780 : Francis resumed his opposi-
tion to Hastings, who wrote a minute
accusing Francis of faithlessness and
breach of trust and honour. Francis
challenged him, and a duel took place on
Aug. 17, 1780, in which Francis was
badly wounded. He left India in Dec.
1780. In 1778 Francis was defendant
in a crim. con. charge brought against
him by G. F. Grand of the Indian Civil
Service. Francis was sentenced by Impey
to pay 50,000 rupees damages. He
retired with a large fortune, but was very
coldly received in England, except at
Court. He became M.P. for Yarmouth,
1784 : assisted Burke in preparing the
charges against Hastings, but was net
accepted as a manager of the impeach-
ment. M.P. for Bletchingley, 1790; for
Appleby, 1802 : K.C.B. in Oct. 1806 :
made an elaborate speech on India in
April, 1805 : he hoped to be Governor-
General of India, but failed to obtain it
from Fox, with whom he quarrelled : he
died Dec. 22, 1818. It is said that he
made many anonymous contributions to
the Press : his capacity, industry, courage,
and certain good principles in his character
have to be set against his malignity,
vindictiveness, and unscrupulous conduct :
his life and career have been minutely
investigated.

FRANCKLIN, WILLIAM (1763-1839)

Son of Thomas Francklin : born 1763 :
educated at Westminster and Trinity
College, Cambridge : entered the E.I.



Co.'s Bengal N.I., 1783 : Lt-Colonel,
18 14: regulating officer, Bhagalpur,
1813 : retired in India, 1825 : travelled
in Persia in 1786: published his journal :
wrote The History of the Reign of Shah-
Axilam, the present Emperor of Hindustan,
1798 : Inquiry concerning the Site of the
Ancient Palihothra, 1815-22 : besides
translations, literary papers, contributions
to Asiatic Researches, etc. : Member of
the Asiatic Society of Bengal, and Member
of Council and Librarian of the Royal
Asiatic Society : died in India, April 12,
1839.

FRANKLIN, SIR BENJAMIN

(1844- )

Educated at University College, London,
and Paris : entered the Indian Medical
Service, 1869 : Civil Surgeon, Simla,
1881-6 : Inspr-General of Hospitals,
N.W.P., 1899 : and Panjab, 1900-1 :
Director-General, Indian Medical Service :
CLE., 1898 : K.C.I. E.. 1903.

FRANKS, SIR JOHN (1770-1852)

Son of Thomas Franks : born in 1770 :
took his degree at Trinity College, Dublin :
called to the Irish bar, 1792 : appointed
in 1825 a Judge of the Supreme Court,
Calcutta, and knighted : retired for his
health in 1834 : died Jan. 11, 1852.

FRANKS, SIR THOMAS HARTE

(1808-1862)

Son of William Franks : born 1808 :
entered the loth regt. in 1825 : Lt-
Colonel, 1845 : to India in 1842 : in the
first Sikh war, 1845-6: was at Sobraon,
wounded : C.B. : in the Panjab campaign
of 1848-9, was at the siege of Multan,
Surajkund, and at Gujarat : Colonel,

1854 : commanded the Jalandhar Brigade,

1855 : in the mutiny, as Brig-General,
marched across the frontier of Oudh,' and
joined with Jang Bahadur of Nipal :
defeated the rebels, Banda Husain, at
Chanda, and Mehndi Husain Nazim at
Hamirpur in Feb. 1858, but failed to take
Daurara fort : joined Sir Colin Campbell
at the capture of Lucknow, March, 1858 :
Maj-General and K.C.B., 1858 : returned
to England : died Feb. 5, 1862.

FRASER, ALEXANDER (1824-1898)
General : son of James Eraser : edu-
cated at Addiscombe : entered the Indian



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



ISS



Engineers, 1843 : in the Satlaj cam-
paign, 1845-6 : and the Panjab campaign,
1848-9 : in the Burmese war, 1852-3 :
employed on the construction of light-
houses on the coast of Burma : Chief
Engineer in the N.W.P., 1873-q : Member
of the Supreme Council, March- June,
1880: C.B. : died June 11, 1898.

FRASER, SIR ANDREW HENDER-
SON LEITH (1848- )

I.C.S. : born Nov. 14, 1848 : son of
Rev. A. G. Eraser, D.D. : educated at
Edinburgh Academy and University :
entered the Indian Civil Service, 1871 :
served in the Central Provinces : Officiat-
ing Secretary to the Government of India,
Home Department, 1898-9 : Chief Com-
missioner of Central Provinces, 1899 :
President of the Indian Police Commis-
sion, 1902-3 : Lieutenant-Governor of
Bengal since Nov. 1903 : C.S.I., 1897 :
K.C.S.I., 1903.

FRASER, SIR CHARLES CRAWFURD

(1829-1895)

Son of Lt-Colonel Sir James John
Eraser, Bart. : joined the nth Hussars :
served with the 7th Hussars at the siege
and capture of Delhi, 1857: Brevet-
Major : gained the V.C. on Dec. 31, 1858,
for rescuing, while under sharp fire, an
officer and some men from drowning in
the river Rapti : in the Abyssinian
expedition, 1867-8 : at capture of Mag-
dala : C.B. : A.D.C. to the C. in C. 1873-
80 : Inspr-General of Cavalry, 1879-84 :
Maj-General : K.C.B. : M.P. for N.
Lambeth, 1885-92 : died June 7, 1895.

FRASER, HUGH ( ? -1858)
Of the Bengal Engineers : Chief En-
gineer at Agra when the mutiny of 1857
broke out : C.B. : Colonel : made Chief
Commissioner for Agra and its dependen-
cies, Sep. 30, 1857, to Feb. 9, 1858 : acted
with energy : died at Mussoorie, Aug. 12,
1858.

FRASER, JAMES (1713-1754)

Born 1713 : son of Alexander Eraser of
Reelick : went to India, to Surat : re-
sided there, 1730-40 : learnt Sanskrit
and Zend : returning to England for
about two years, he wrote a history of
Nadir Shah, the King of Persia, who
invaded India : Eraser returned to India



as a factor in the E.I. Co.'s service : rose
to be a Member of Council at Surat,
where he stayed six years : he brought to
England some 200 Sanskrit and Zend
MSS., the first " collection " brought
to Europe, which are now in the Bodleian
Library at Oxford : he had formed plans
of working in Zend and Sanskrit, but



Online LibraryCharles Edward BucklandDictionary of Indian biography; → online text (page 27 of 83)