Charles Edward Buckland.

Dictionary of Indian biography; online

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people in 1739 and received large grants
of land from his nephew : on the death of
Ali Muhammad, he was made " Hafiz " or
" guardian " of his sons : but betrayed
the trust and made himself virtual ruler
of the country : entered into alliance with
the Nawab of Oudh, Shuja-ud-daula,
against the Mahrattas, engaging to pay him
40 lakhs in return for his aid. Sir Robert
Barker, the English general, attested the
treaty. The Mahrattas were driven out,
but Rahmat Khan failed to fulfil his part
of the engagement. The destruction
of the Rohillas was the result : they were
defeated at Miranpur Katra by the united
forces of the Nawab and the English :
Hafiz Rahmat Khan was killed in the
battle (1774) : a man of education, and of
literary attainments : a strong ruler, and
on the whole a beneficent one, both to-
wards the Rohillas and as regards his
Hindu subjects.


(1819- )

Field Marshal : son of Gregory Haines,
C.B. : entered the Army, 1839 : Military
Secretary to Sir Hugh Gough, C. in C,
India, 1845-9 : served in the Satlaj
campaign, 1845-6 : present at Mudki
and Firozshahr : in the Panjab campaign
of 1848-9, at Ramnagar, the Chenab,
Chilianwala, Gujarat : Crimea, 1854-5 :
C. in C. Madras, 1871-5 : C. in C. India,
1876-81, during the Afghan war, 1879-
80 : thanked by Parliament : K.C.B.,
1871 : General and G.C.B., 1877 : G.C.S.I.

THORPE (1862- )
Born Nov. 17, 1862 : son of D. Rutherford
Haldane, M.D. : educated at Wimbledon
school, Edinbiurgh Academy, and at the
Staff College : joined the Gordon High-
landers, 1882 : served in Waziristan
expedition, 1894-5 : Chitral, 1895 : Tirah
expedition, 1897-8 : A.D.C. to Sir W.
Lockhart : present at Dargai : D.S.O. :
South Africa, 1899- 1900 : taken prisoner
and escaped from Pretoria : author of
How we Escaped from, Pretoria.


I.C.S. : born May 25, i75i = son of
William Halhed, Director of the Bank of

England : educated at Harrow, and Christ
Church, Oxford : went to Bengal in
the E.I. Co.'s service : published A
Code of Gentoo Laws on Ordinations of
the Pandits, from a Persian Translation,
i77(> ■ and in 1778 a Bengah grammar,
printed at Hughh, at the first printing-
press in India : in its preface, he drew
attention to the similarity between San-
skrit and European languages : returned
to England, 1785 : M.P. for Eymington,
1790-5 : took the part of the lunatic
prophet Richard Brothers, an act which
was fatal to his career : in 1809 he was
appointed to a post in the East India
House : he imitated Martial's epigrams
and translated Aristaenetus : he WTote
A Narratii'e of the Events in Bombay and
Bengal relative to the Mahratta Empire,
1779 : his Oriental MSS. were purchased
by the British Museum : died Feb. 18,

VISCOUNT (1800-1885)

Born Dec. 20, 1800 : son of Sir Francis
Lindley Wood, second Baronet : educated
at Eton and Oriel College, Oxford : double
first, 1821 : was M.P. for Grimsby and
Wareham, and for Halifax, 1832-65 :
joint Secretary to the Treasury, 1832 :
Secretary to the Admiralty, 1835-9 :
Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1846-52 :
P.C. : and succeeded to the Baronetcy
in 1846 : was President of the Board of
Control, Dec. 1852, to Feb. 1855, and
passed the India Charter Act of 1853 :
First Lord of the Admiralty, 1855-8 :
G.C.B., 1856 : Secretary of State for India,
1859-66 : during this time he passed
several important measures for the
reorganization of the Indian Army, the
constitution of the Indian Legislative
Councils, and the establishment of the
High Courts, and by the end of this period
the equilibrium of Indian finance had been
practically restored : M.P. for Ripon,
1865 : created Viscount Halifax, 1S66 :
Lord Privy Seal, 1870-4 : made his
reputation by his excellent discharge of
his duties, his business qualities and
judicious administration : died Aug.
8, 1885.

Born at Troy in New York State :
graduated at Harvard University. 1846:

1 86


Doctor : went to India, 1850 : was
Anglo-Sanskrit Professor at Benares,
1851 : the first American to publish a
text in Sanskrit : in the mutiny was
Inspector of Schools in the Education
Department in Central India : was
beleaguered for 6 months in Sagar Fort : at
Benares, in 1859, published a Contribution
towards an Index of the Philosophy of the
Indian Philosophical Systems, and essays
in the J.A.S. Bengal, and other Oriental
studies : in 1862 was Professor of Sanskrit
and Indian Jurisprudence at King's
College, London : Librarian at the India
Office : retired, 1869 : worked on Dr.
Murray's Oxford English Dictionary : wrote
Modern English in 1870: died Feb. 11,

HALL, HENRY (1789-1875)
General : son of the Ven. Archdeacon
Hall : born 1789 : entered the Bengal
.A.rmy, 1805 = was D.A.Q.M.G. under
Ochterlony in the Pindari war, 1817-8 :
performed the duties of the Guide and
Intelligence Department : appointed, in
1822, to civilize the tiurbulent race of
Mhairs : raised a Mhair corps (which
remained faithful in 1857, helped to save
Ajmir and European lives). Through
Hall's exertions, female infanticide, slavery,
sale of women, murder and universal
plunder, are said to have completely
ceased: C.B. in 1838: died in Aug.,


Son of T. P. L. HaUett, LL.D : educated
at Kensington school and Charterhouse :
qualified for Engineer on L. and N.W.
Railway : employed in construction work,
1860-8 : entered Indian P.W.D., 1868,
and served in Burma : retired in 1880 :
proposed connexion of Indian, Burmese
and Chinese railways, and surveyed the
country, 188 1-5 : author of A Thousand
Miles on an Elephant ; Development of our
Eastern Markets ; Indian Taxation, Ancient
and Modern ; India and her Neighbours ;
Indian Factory Legislation ; Extension of
Railways, etc.



I.C.S. : born Dec. 26, 1806: son of
Thomas Halliday of Ewell : educated at
St. Paul's school, Rugby, and Haileybury :
went out to Bengal in June, 1825 : was

Secretary to the Sadr Board of Revenue
in 1836 : Secretary to the Government
of Bengal, 1838 : Officiating Secretary to
the Government of India in 1842 : Secre-
tary to the Home Department of the
Government of India, 1849. While on
furlough, in 1852-3, he was on 16 occasions
examined before the Conunittees of the
Lords and Commons on Indian subjects
in connexion with the renewal of the E.I.
Company's Charter : Member of the
Governor-General's Supreme Council, Dec.
1853, to April, 1854 : the first Lieutenant-
Governor of Bengal, from May i, 1854, to
May I, 1859. His term of office as
Lieutenant-Governor was eventful : the
Sonthal insurrection required the move-
ment of troops and strong measures for
its suppression : the Indian mutiny did
not eventually assume such proportions
in Lower Bengal as in Upper India, but the
earliest indications appeared at Barrackpur
and Berhampur : outbursts occurred in
other parts of the Lower Provinces, and,
during the whole two years, Halliday's
vigilance and administrative capacity were
severely tried and never failed. He was
held in high estimation by Lord Dalhousie,
and had great influence with Lord Canning,
who said of him, after the mutiny, that
for many months he had been the " right
hand of the Government." Halliday
recorded a Minute on " The Mutinies as
they affected the Lower Provinces under
the Government of Bengal." He had
also to deal with the new conditions
attending the creation of Bengal into a
separate Lieutenant-Governorship, and
arising from the great Education despatch
of 1854 from England, important Rent
and Revenue legislation, and the intro-
duction of Railways. He received the
thanks of Parliament for his mutiny ser-
vices : was made K. C.B. in i860: and was
Member of the Council of India from 1S68
to 1886 : he died Oct. 22, 1901. Of lofty
stature and splendid physique, HaUiday
appeared to be the embodiment of great
power, an impression which was strength-
ened by whatever he said, or wrote.


Captain : in the military service of the
E.I. Co. : M.A.S.B. : the date of his return
to England is not recorded : prosecuted
his study of Sanskrit at the British Museum
and in Paris : when the war with France
broke out again after the peace of .\miens.



he was detained in Paris as a hostage :
taught Sanskrit to French savants : made
a Catalogue of the Sanskrit MSS. in the
National Library at Paris, which was pub-
lished by Langles (g.v.) : was Professor of
Sanskrit at Haileybury, May, 1806-18 :
F.R.S.,i8o8 : published the Hitopadesa in
Sanskrit, 181 1 : a treatise on the terms of
Sanskrit grammar, 1815 : a key to the
Chronology of the Hindus, 1820 : wrote
articles on Ancient Indian Geography,
and contributed to the Edinburgh Review :
died Dec. 30, 1824.


Born about 1753 : son of Charles
Hamilton, merchant : went to India in the
E.I. Co. 's military service in 1776 : was one
of the first members of the Asiatic Society
of Bengal : served in the expedition
against the Rohillas, and wrote an account
of them in 1787 : translated the Hedaya,
or guide to Muhammadan Law, from Per-
sian, 1791. He died March 14, 1792, in
England, before he could take up the post
of Resident in Oudh, to which he had been


(1854- )

Son of William James Hamilton : bom
Feb. 17, 1854 : joined the Army, 1873 :
served in the Afghan war, 1878-80 :
Burma war, 1886-7 : Hazara expedition,
1891 : Tochi valley, 1896 : Malakand
Field Force, 1897 : D.A.A.G. : Tirah
expedition, 1897-8 : Africa, 1899-1900 :
Brig-Gen«ral : commanding 2nd class
District in India, since 1902 : C.B., 1902.


(184.i- )

Bom Dec. 17, 1845 : son of ist Duke of
Abercorn : educated at Harrow : M.P.
for Middlesex County, 1868-85 : M.P.
for Ealing Division, 1885 : Under Secretary
of State for India, 1874-8 : Vice-President
of Council, 187S-80 : First Lord of the
Admiralty, 1885-92 : P.C. : Chairman of
London School Board, 1894-5 '■ Secretary
of State for India, 1895-1903 : resigned.

M0NTEITH(1S5.3- )

Son of Colonel Christian Monteith
Hamilton, born Jan. 16, 1853 : educated
at Cheam and Wellington : entered the

Army, 1873 : served in the Afghan war,
1878-80 : Boer war, 1881 : at Majuba
Hill : Nile expedition, 1884-5 : Burma
expedition, 1886-7 : Brevet-Lt-Colonel,
1891 : Chitral relief, 1895 : C.B. : Tirah
campaign, 1897-8 : South Africa, 1899-
1901 : Chief of the Staff to Lord Kitchener,
1901-2 : K.C.B. : D.S.O. : Quarter-
Master-General of the Army, 1903 :
attached to the Japanese Array, 1904-5.



Son of James Hamilton: born Aug.
4.1755 : joined the Bengal Native Infantry
of the E.I. Co. in 1773 = present in the
attacks on Cooch Behar, and at the cap-
ture of Gwalior, in the operations against
the Mahrattas in 1778 : served also in the
King's troops against Tippoo, in the
campaign of 1790-1 : left India and was
afterwards at San Domingo, at the Cape,
in the Peninsula in 1809-13 : Lt-General,
1814 : Baronet, 1815 : K.C.B. and K.C.H. :
died Dec. 24, 1835.

COLLIE, BARONET (1802-1887)
Son of Sir Frederick Hamilton, fifth
Baronet : born April 7, 1802 : educated
at Haileybury : went to India in 1819 :
served in the N.W.P. : Commissioner of
Agra : Secretary to the N.W.P. Govern-
ment in 1843 : Resident at Indore, with
Holkar, from 1844 : succeeded as Baronet,
in 1853 : was made Agent to the Governor-
General for Central India in 1854 :
returned from leave in England in the
mutiny of 1857 : and rejoined at Indore :
was ordered to prepare a plan for the
pacification of Central India, which was
accepted : he, as Political Officer, accom-
panied Sir Hugh Rose in his Central Indian
campaign in 1858 : was at the rapture of
Jhansi and defeat of Tantia Topi : at the
restoration of Gwalior to Sindia : K.C.B.,
and the thanks of Parliament for his
mutiny services : provisional Member of
the Supreme Council, 1859 : retired in
1859, from ill-health : died May 30, 1887.


(184;)- )

Born 1843 : son of Major T. (i. H;im-
mond : educated at Sherborne and
Addiscombe : entered the Indian Staff
Corps, 1 861 : Colonel, i8go : served in


the Jowaki-Afridi expedition, 1877-8 :
in the Guides in the Afghan war, 1878-80 :
gained the V.C. on the Asmai Heights,
near Kabul, Dec. 14, 1879 : Hazara
expedition, 1888 : D.S.O., Hazara ex-
pedition, i8qi : C.B. : Brevet-Colonel,
Isazai expedition, 1892 : Chitral relief,

1895 : Tirah expedition, 1897-8 : com-
manded a Brigade : A.D.C. to Queen

BARONET {I860- )
Born Jan. 14, i860 : educated at Char-
terhouse and Exeter College, Oxford :
author of various scientific works, including
The Moths of India, published by the
India OflSce, 1892-6.


(1832- )

Born 1832 : educated at Trinity Col-
lege, Dublin : entered the Army Medical
Department, 1853 : served in China,
India, and America : in the Afghan
campaign, as P.M.O. of a Division, 1878-
9 : in Sir F. Roberts' march from Kabul
to Kandahar, Aug. 1S80 : Egypt, 1882 :
Surgeon-General, Madras Presidencv,
1888-92 K.C.B., 1892.


(1840- )

Bom 1840 : son of Capt. E. R. Hand-
cock : educated privately : entered the
Bengal Army, 1858 : and the Indian
Staff Corps, 1866 : became Maj-General,

1896 : served in the Bhutan expedition,
1865-6 : Afghan war, 1878-80, as A.A.G. :
present at Ahmad Kheyl : Brevet-Lt-
Colonel : A.A.G., Bengal,' 1880-5 = C.B.,
1893 : Lt-General.


(1865- )

Born Feb. 4, 1865 : son of Rev. D. B.
Hankin : educated at Merchant Taylors',
University College, London, St. Bartholo-
mew's Hospital, and St. John's College,
Cambridge : Scholar and Fellow : studied
under Koch and Pasteur : Chemical
Examiner and Bacteriologist, Agra, and
Oudh, since 1892 : author of several
papers on medical subjects, including
Anthrax, Cholera, etc. : Fellow of Allaha-
bad University.

HANNAY ( ? - ? )

Major : in the service of the E.I. Co.
in the time of Warren Hastings : with
permission, he left the Company's service
for a time, and entered that of the Nawab
of Oudh, 1778 : managed the district of
Gorakhpur : disturbances in it were said
to be owing to his oppression and mis-
conduct. The Nawab dismissed him in
1781, and later would not hear of his
return : he took part in the war against
the Rohillas in 1774, and was afterwards
examined with reference to alleged cruel-
ties practised on that people.


Maj-General : entered the Army, 1838 :
in the 22nd regt. at the defence of the
residency at Hyderabad (Sind) on Feb. 15,
1843 : and at Miani on Feb. 17 : danger-
ously wounded : Persian interpreter to
Sir C. Napier in the Afridi expedition, and
the forcing of the Kohat Pass, 1850 : in
the Crimea, at all the battles, 1854-5 =
C.B. : Maj-General in 1868 : died Feb.
26, 1875.



Born Jan. 7, 1805 : son of William
Harding : educated at Westminster and
Worcester College, Oxford : ordained in
1827 : rector at Blackfriars, and Secretary
of the Church Pastoral Aid Society :
Bishop of Bombay, 1 85 1-68 : D.D. in
1851 : his views were of a pronounced
Evangelical type : died Jime 18, 1874.

EDWARD (1828-1892)

Second son of Henry, first Viscount
Hardinge (q-v.) : educated at Eton :
joined the 41st foot in 1844 : to India as
A.D.C. to his father, when Governor-
General (1S44-8) : was in the first Sikh
war of 1845-6, at the battles of Mudki,
Firozshahr and Sobraon : exchanged to
the Coldstream Guards in 1849 : in the
Q.M.G.'s Department in the Crimea, 1854-
5, at all the battles : Brevet-Major and
C.B., 1857 : Equerrv to the Prince Consort
and afterwards to Queen Victoria : Maj-
General, 1871 : commanded a Division
in Bengal, 1873-8 : C. in C. of the Bombay
Army, 1881-5 : General, 1883 : K.C.B.
and CLE. in 1886 : Governor of Gib-
raltar, 1886-90 : died July, 1892, from
the effects of a carriage accident.




Eldest son of the first Viscount Har-
dinge {q.v.), the Governor-General:- born
Sep. 12, 1822 : educated at Eton and
Christ Church, Oxford : was Private
Secretary to his father the whole time the
latter was Governor-General, 1844-8 :
M.P. for Downpatrick, 1851-6 : suc-
ceeded to the Peerage, 1856 : Under
Secretary for War, 1858-9 : a good
amateur artist : a volume. Recollections
of India, published from his drawings :
he wrote a life of his father for the
" Rulers of India " series : he died
July 28, 1894.

COUNT, OF LAHORE (1785-1856)

Governor-General : Field Marshal : born
March 30, 1785 : son of Rev. Henry
Hardinge : entered the Army in 1799 :
went through the Royal Military College
at High Wycombe, 1806-7 = through the
Peninsular war, first as D.A.Q.M.G.,
afterwards with the Portuguese Army :
present in a number of battles, several
times wounded : K.C.B. in 1815 : lost an
arm at Quatre Bras : Commissioner with
the Prussians in France, 1818 : D.C.L. of
Oxford : M.P. 1820-44, for Durham,
Newport and Launceston : Secretary at
War, 1818-30 : and 1841-4 : Irish
Secretary in 1830 , and 1834-5 : Lt-
General in 1841 : G.C.B. in 1844 : was
Governor-General of India from July,
1844, to Jan. 1848 : the first to go out
overland. The Panjab being in a state
of anarchy since Ranjit Singh's death in
1S39, and the Sikh khalsa army dominant,
Hardinge strengthened the Satlaj frontier
with troops : when the Sikhs crossed the
Satlaj, they were defeated at Mudki and
Firozshahr in Dec. 1845, and in Feb.
1846, at Sobraon, Hardinge serving as
second in command under Sir Hugh
Gough, the C. in C. On peace being made,
on terms dictated to the Sikhs, Hardinge
received a Peerage, and pensions from
Parliament and the E.I. Co. Kashmir
was annexed and made over to the Raja
of Jammu for a large sum : a British
Resident (Sir H. LawTence), at Lahore,
was appointed. On retiring from India
he claimed to have left it in complete
peace. Hardinge also left his mark on
the internal administration of India : he

established schools : prohibited Sunday
work in Government offices : promoted rail-
ways and irrigation : determined important
military questions, both in the native and
the European armies. His equestrian
statue was subsequently erected in Cal-
cutta. He was made Master-General of
the Ordnance in 1852, and was C. in C. of
the Forces, 1852-6 : Field Marshal in
1855 : died Sep. 24, 1856.



EARL OF (1867-1904)

Born March i
Earl : educated
matic service,
years as member
part proprietor
Under Secretary
2 : for War,
India, 1903-4 :

4, 1867 : son of the fifth
at Eton : in the Diplo-
1886-91 : worked eight
of a firm of stockbrokers :
of the Saturday Review :
of State for India, 1900-
1902-3 : and again for
died suddenly Nov. 29,


( ? -1868)

Missionary : in 1825, appointed to the
Wesleyan Mission in Ceylon : from 1835
methodically studied the authentic sources
of Buddhism : published Eastern Mona-
chism, 1850, and Manual of Buddhism,
1S52, on the condition of the Buddhist
priesthood in Ceylon, the Buddhist
system and legendary history of Gautama
Buddha in the South : General Super-
intendent of the S. Ceylon mission, 1863-
6 : wrote on the Sacred Books of the
Buddhists, compared with History and
Modern Science : Honorary Member of
the Royal Asiatic Society : died April 16,

HARE, DAVID (1775-1842)
An enthusiastic promoter of the English
education of Indians : born in Scotland
in 1775 : brought up as a watchmaker :
went out to Calcutta in 1800 : in a few
years acquired a competence, and before
1816 made over his business to a relative
named Grey : in 1814 proposed to his
friend. Raja Ram Mohan Roy, the estab-
lishment of an English school at Calcutta :
with the help of Sir Edward East and
Bengali friends, opened the Hindu College
on Jan. 20, 1817 : locating it on a piece
of his land on the N. side of College
Square : in Sep. 1818, founded the Calcutta



School Book Society for printing and
publishing English and Bengali books :
worked hard for the repeal of the Regula-
tions against the Press : to secvure trial
by jury in civil cases in the Supreme
Court : to prevent emigration of Indian
labourers to Mauritius and Bourbon : in
1838 was appointed by Government a
Judge of the Calcutta Court of Requests, in
recognition of his services for the cause of
native education : died June i, 1842, of
cholera : his full-sized marble statue was
erected by public subscription, between
Presidency College and the Hare School :
the anniversary of his death is still ob-
served by the Bengalis with great venera-
tion, and a memorial tablet has been
placed by the Government of India at his

Born Sep. 5, 1832, at Surat : a Gujarati
Hindu : educated at the Bombay Elphin-
stone College : Assistant Translator in
the Supreme Court, Bombay, 1832-63 :
LL.D. at the Madras University, 1863 :
Vakil of the Bombay Sadr Coiurt, 1861,
and of the High Court, 1862 : acted as
Judge of the Bombay High Court several
times after 1873, and was confirmed in
the appointment : died June, 1S89.


Son of Henry Hawes Harington, of
Madras : born 1808 : entered the E.I. Co.'s
Bengal Army in 1824 : served with the
37th Bengal N.I. : present at Bhartpiur,
1826 : transferred by regular nomination
to the Civil Service, about 1828 : returned
to England, and passed the required
tests : served in the N.W.P. : rose to be
Judge of the Sadr Court at Agra, 1852 :
shut up in the Fort at Agra in the mutiny :
became the Member, representing the
N.W.P., of the Governor-General's Legis-
lative Council, 1858-62 : was twice a
temporary Member of the Supreme
Council, confirmed in 1862 : retired in
March, 1865 : declined the Lieutenant-
Governorship of the N.W.P. on the retire-
ment of Sir G. F. Edmonstone {q.v.) :
K. C.S.I, in 1866 : died Oct. 7. 1871.



Joined the E.I. Co.'s service at Calcutta
in 1780 : held subordinate appointments

in Bengal until he became Fourth Member
of the Board of Revenue, 1799 : Puisne
Judge of the Sadr Diwani and Nizamat
Adalat, 1801 : Chief Judge, 1811 : Senior
Member of the Board of Revenue for the
Western Provinces, and -•Vgent to the
Governor-General at Delhi, 1823 : Member
of the Supreme Council and President of
the Board of Trade, 1822-3 '• arid again,
1825-7 : he was also Professor of the
Laws and Regulations at the College of
Fort William, and President of the Council
of the College : edited The Persian and
Arabic Works of Sadi, and published an
Analysis of the Laws and Regulations,
etc., 1805-17 : retired, 1828 : died in
London, April 9, 1828.

HARISH CHANDRA (1859-1885)

The son of Gopal Chandra Sahu, of
Benares (a prolific author, died 1859,
aged 27) : educated at Queen's College,
Benares, and early commenced to write :
became the most celebrated of the native
poets of modern times, and did more
for the popularisation of vernaciilar
Literature than almost any Indian of the
last century : wrote and excelled in
many styles : his best known work is the
Sundari Tilak, an anthology of poems
from the works of 69 authors. Another,
Prasiddh Mahatma ka Jiban Charitra,
was a series of lives of great men, European
and Indian. Another very popular work
is the Kabi Bachan Sudha, a collection of
poems dealing with the rainy season.
His works numbered over a hundred, and
include several plays. He also conducted
for many years an excellent vernacular
magazine, called the Harishchandrika.
In 1880 he received the title of Bharatendu,
or Moon of India, by the unanimous
consent of all the editors of vernacular
papers in the country : was certainly the
best critic Northern India has yet pro-
duced : died, universally regretted, in

HARLAN, JOSIAH ( ? - ? )

Adventurer : of Philadelphia : son of
a Quaker : studied for medical profession :
went to India : sent by Lord Amherst as

Online LibraryCharles Edward BucklandDictionary of Indian biography; → online text (page 33 of 83)