Charles Edward Buckland.

Dictionary of Indian biography; online

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Calcutta to Europe, by Way of Egypt in
1827-8, 1829.

LUSHINGTON, EDWARD HARBORD

(1822-1904)

I.C.S. : son of the Right Hon. Stephen
Lushington : entered the Bengal Civil
Service, 1841 : Magte.-CoUr. : Secretary
to the Board of Revenue : Commissioner,
during the mutiny, of Burdwan, with
Manbhum and Singhbhum attached :
present in engagements with mutineers,
and wounded : Commissioner of the
Nadia Division : Secretary to the Govern-
ment of Bengal, 1861 : Secretary to the
Government of India in the Financial
Department, 1863, until he left India in



1869 : retired, 1871 : Treasurer of Guy's
Hospital for many years : died Oct. 29,
1904.

LUSHINGTON, SIR JAMES LAW

(1779-1859)

Son of Rev. James Stephen Lushington.
and brother of Stephen Rumbold Lushing-
ton : entered the Madras Army in 1797.
and rose to be a full General, 1854 : was a
Director of the E. I. Co., 1827, and Chair-
man of the Court in 1838, 1842, 1848 :
M.P. for many years : died Mav 29, 1859 :
G.C.B.

LUSHINGTON, STEPHEN RUMBOLD

(1776-1868)

I.C.S. : son of Rev. James Stephen
Lushington : born May, 1776 : educated
at Rugby : went to Madras, 1790 : Secre-
tary and Persian Translator to the Board
of Revenue in 1798 : Private Secretary
to General (Lord) Harris when C. in C. at
Madras and Acting Governor : left the
E. I. Co.'s service in 1807 : M.P. for Rye,
1807-12 : and for Canterbury, 1812-30 :
Chairman of Committees in the House of
Commons: Joint Secretary of the Treasury,
1824-7 : Privy Councillor, 1827 : Gover
nor of Madras, Oct. 1827-Oct. 1832
again M.P. for Canterbury, 1835-7
D.C.L. : died Aug. 5, 1868 : wrote a life
of his father-in-law. Lord Harris, 1840.

LYALL, SIR ALFRED COMYN

(18.3.5- )

I.C.S. : son of Rev. Alfred Lyall :
born 1835 : educated at Eton and Hailey-
bury : entered the Bengal Civil Service,
1S55 : in the Indian mutiny saw service
in the Bulandshahr District, at Meerut,
and with the Khaki Risala of volunteers :
Commissioner in Berar, 1867 : Secretary
to the Government of India in the Home,
1873-4, and Foreign, 1878-82, Depart-
ments : A.G.G. for Rajputana, 1874-8
Lieutenant-Governor of N.W. P., 1882-7
Chancellor of the Allahabad University
Member of the Council of India, 1888-
1903 : author of Verses written in India,
British Dominion in India, Asiatic Studies,
Life of Warren Hastings (English Men of
Action series). K.C.B., 1881 : G.C.I.E.:
1896 : D.C.L. , O-xford: LL.D., Cambridge,
P.C., 1902.



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



257



LYALL, SIR CHARLES JAMES

(1845- )

I.C.S. : born March 9, 1845 : son of
Charles Lyall : educated at King's College
School and College, and at Balliol College,
Oxford : went to the N.W.P. in the Bengal
Civil Service, 1867 : Assistant Under
Secretary in the Foreign Department of
the Government of India, 1872 : Under
Secretary in the Revenue, Agriculture
and Commerce Department, 1873-80 :
Secretary to Chief Commissioner, Assam,
1880-3: Judge and Commissioner, Assam,
1883-4 ■ Secretary to Government of India
in the Department of Revenue and Agricul-
ture, 1886 : returned to Assam, 1887-g :
Secretary to the Government of India,
Home Department, 1889-94 = Chief Com-
missioner, Central Provinces, 1895-8 :
Secretary at the India Office in the Judi-
cial and Public Department, 1898 :
C.I.E., 1880 : K.C.S.I., 1897 : author of
Translations in Arabic Poetry, 1885 ; Ten
Arabic Poems, 1894; and contributed to
the Encyclopaedia Britannica.

LYALL, DAVID ROBERT (1841- )
I.C.S. : born Nov. 24, 1841 : son of
David Lyall : educated at Edinburgh
Academy : went to Lower Bengal in the
Civil Service, 1861 : Inspr-General of
Police, L.P., 1883-7 : Commissioner of
Chittagong, 1887-91 : Commissioner of
Patna, 1891-2 : Member of Board of
Revenue, 1892-6 : retired, 1896 : Politi-
cal Officer with the Chin-Lushai expedition,
1888 : C.S.I. : Superintendent of the
Cooch Behar State, 1896-9.

LYALL, SIR JAMES BROADWOOD

(1838- )

I.C.S. : born March 6, 1838 : son of
Rev. Alfred Lyall : educated at Eton and
Haileybury : went to the Panjab in the
Bengal Civil Service, 1858-9: Financial
Commissioner in the Panjab : Resident in
Mysore, 1883-7 : Lieutenant-Governor
of the Panjab, 1887-92 : Member of the
Royal Opium Commission, 1893-4 : Presi-
dent of the Indian Famine Commission,
1898: K.C.S.I., 1888 : G.C.I.E., 1892.

LYALL, JOHN EDWARDES (181 1-1845)

Son of George Lyall, M.P. : educated

at Eton, Haileybury, Balliol College,

Oxford : called to the bar at the Inner



Temple, 1837 : appointed by the Court
of Directors in 1842 to be Advocate-
General, Bengal : appUed himself to
education of the Hindus : Member of the
Council of Education : highly esteemed
by the natives, for whose welfare and
happiness he exerted himself : the law
students of the Hindu College erected
there a tablet to him as " the zealous
friend of the native, and the first gratui-
tous lecturer on jurisprudence in this
Hall " : died of cholera at Government
House, Barrackpur, March 9, 1845.

LYNCH, HENRY BLOSSE (1807-1873)
Captain : son of Major Henry Blosse
Lynch : born Nov. 24, 1807 : joined the
Indian Navy, 1823 : employed in the
Survey of the Persian Gulf, acting as
interpreter in Persian and Arabic to the
Squadron, 1829-32 : commanded the
Enterprise, 1830-2, and examined S.
Persia : shipwrecked in the Red Sea :
served in command of the expedition
under Col. F. R. Chesney to explore the
Euphrates route to India, 1834 : in com-
mand of it, 1837 : ascended the Tigris,
and completed the map of it, 1839 : ex-
tended, by his explorations, the geo-
graphical knowledge of Mesopotamia :
had charge of the postal service across
Syria till 1842 : commanded a flotilla to
co-operate with Sir C. Napier in Sind,
1843 : held various naval shore appoint-
ments in Bombay, 1844-51 : in the second
Burmese war commanded a squadron in
the naval operations : C.B., 1853 : retired
to Paris, 1856 : after the Persian war, of
1856-7, conducted at Paris the negotia-
tions with the Persian Ambassador which
led to the Treaty of Paris, March 4, 1857 :
made Knight Grand Cross of the Order of
the Lion and Sun : died April 14, 1873.

LYON, ISIDORE BERNADOTTE

(1839- )

Born May 28, 1839 : educated at Edin-
burgh High School, and University College,
London : joined the Indian Medical
Service, 1865 : Professor of Anatomy,
Grant Medical College, Bombay, 1866,
and of Chemistry, 1867, and subsequently
of Medical Jurisprudence : retired, 1892 :
CLE., 1889 : author of Food Tables for
India, 1877 ; Text Book of Medical Juris-
prudence for India, 1889, 1890 : Brig-
Surgeon : Lt-Colonel : M.R.C.S. : F.C.S. :
F.I.C,



258



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



LYSTER, HARRY HAMMON (1830- )

Born 1S30: SOD of A. Lyster : served
in the Indian mutiny, in Central India,
1857-8 : V.C. : Afghan war, 1878-9 ;
Commanded 3rd Gurkha regt., 1879-87 :
C.B.. 1881.

LYTTELTON, HON. SIR NEVILLE
GERALD (l84o- )

Bom Oct. 28, 1845 : son of 4th Baron
Lyttelton : educated at Eton : entered
the .A.rmy, 1865, and became Lt-Colonel,
1892 : was A.D.C. to Earl Spencer as
Viceroy of Ireland, 1868-73 ■ Military
Secretary to Sir John Adye, as Governor
of Gibraltar, 1883-5, and to Lord Reay
as Governor of Bombay, 1885-90 : was in
the Jowaki expedition, 1877 : Egi.'ptian
campaign, 1882, at Tel-el- Kebir : brevet-
Lt-Colonel : in Nile expedition, 1898, in
command of a Brigade, at Khartum :
Maj-General : A.A.G., at the War Ofifice,
1895 : .Assistant Military Secretary, War
Office, 1897-8 : in command of a Brigade
at .Aldershot, 1899-1900, and of a Brigade
in S. Africa, 1899-1900 : commanded in
Natal, 1901-2 : K.C.B. and Lt-General :
commanded the Forces in South .Africa,
1903-4 : Chief of the Staff in the Army
Council, 1904.

LYTTON, EDWARD ROBERT BUL-
WER, FIRST EARL OF (1831-
1891)
Viceroy and Governor-General : son of
the first Baron Lytton : born Nov. 8,
1831 : educated at Harrow and Bonn
was Private Secretary to his uncle, Lord
Dalling, at Washington and Florence
paid Attache at the Hague, St. Peters
burg, Constantinople and Vienna : wrote
under the name of Owen Meredith, Clytem
nestra, the Earl's Return, and other Poems
The Wanderer, Lucile, Tannhauser, The
Ring of Amasis : held diplomatic appoint
ments at Belgrade, Vienna, Copenhagen
Athens, Lisbon, Madrid, again at Vienna
Paris, and was Minister at Lisbon, 1872-6
when he was, after declining the Governor
ship of Madras, chosen by Lord Beacons
field to be Viceroy and Governor-General
of India : wrote Chronicles and Characters
Orval, or the Fool of Time, Fables in Song.
etc. He succeeded his father in the
Peerage, 1873, and held the Viceroj'alty
from April 12, 1876, to June 8, 1880 : it
was an eventful and important time.



Negotiations with the Amir of .Afghanistan
were resumed, but fruitless : the reception
of a Russian envoy at Kabul, and the
rejection of a British mission, led to the
Afghan war, 1879-80, which is a matter
of history : Lytton's policy, denounced at
the time, can appeal to its results. He con-
ducted the Imperial .Assemblage at Delhi on
Jan. I, 1877, for the proclamation of H.M.
Queen Victoria's assumption of the title of
Empress of India : he had to deal with
the famines in Bombay, Madras, Mysore,
and visited these Provinces in .\ug.-
Sept. 1877 : the Famine Commission sat,
and the system of " famine insurance "
was established : the finances were further
decentralized : internal customs were
abolished : the cotton duties repealed :
the Vernacular Press Act was passed :
provision was made for the admission of
more natives of India to civilians' appoint-
ments : his speeches, minutes, and des-
patches have never been surpassed : his
disregard of convention gave opportunity
to hostile critics, who gave little credit to
his genius and great qualities. He was
made an Earl in 1880 on his resignation
with Lord Beaconsfield's Ministry. After
leaving India, he was Ambassador to
France, 1887-91 : and wTote his father's
Life, Glenaveril, After Paradise, King
Poppy : died at Paris, Nov. 24, 1891.

LYVEDEN, ROBERT VERNON SMITH,
FIRST BARON (1800-1873)

Bom Feb. 23, 1800 : son of Robert
Percy Smith, " Bobus," (q-v.), and nephew
of Sydney Smith : educated at Eton and
Christ Church, Oxford : M.P. for Truro,
1829-30 : for Northampton, 1831-59 :
Junior Lord of the Treasury, 1830-4 :
Joint Secretary to the Board of Control
for the affairs of India, 1835-9 : Secretary
for War and the Colonies, 1839-41 : Presi-
dent of the Board of Control, Feb. 1855,
to Feb. 1858, during the Indian mutiny :
made a Peer, 1859 : G.C.B., 1872 : died
Nov. 10, 1873.



MACARTNEY, GEORGE, FIRST EARL

(1737-1806)

Governor : son of George Macartney :
born May 14, 1737 : educated at Trinity
CoOege, DubUn : Envoy Extraordinary
to St. Petersburg, 1764-7 : knighted :
Chief Secretary for Ireland, 1767-72 :



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



259



K.B. : Captain-General and Governor
of the Caribbee islands, 1775-9 = made
an Irish. Peer, 1776 : defended Grenada
and made prisoner of war, but released :
appointed Governor of Madras and held
the office from June 22, 1781, to June 8,
1785.: reduced the Dutch settlements in
S. India : conducted war against Hvder
Ali and Tippoo : resented control from
the Bengal Government : sent home
Coote's successor, Major-General James
Stuart : made treaty of Mangalore with
Tippoo, 1783 : resigned because his policy
in S. India was not upheld : declined the
Governor-Generalship, Feb. 1785 : granted
a pension by the E. I. Co. : severely
wounded by Stuart in duel in Hyde Park,
1786 : made an Irish Earl in 1792 : sent
as Plenipotentiary on an embassy to
Pekin, 1792-4 : deputed on a mission
to Louis XVIII of France atVevrai, 1795:
made an English Baron, 1796 : Governor
of Cape of Good Hope, 1796-8 : declined
the Presidency of the Board of Control :
died May 31, 1806 : wrote accounts of his
Embassies.

MACAULAY, COLMAN PATRICK
LOUIS (1848-1890)

I.C.S.: son of Patrick Macaulay :
born Sep. 1848 : educated at Liege and
Queen's University, Ireland : went to
Bengal in the Civil Service, 1870 : Financial
Secretary to the Government of Bengal and
Member of the Bengal Legislative Council :
went to Pekin, 1885 : obtained Chinese
Government passports, and was organizing
a mixed political and scientific mission to
Lhasa, to open up trade, when it was
suddenly stopped, in 1886, in deference to
Chinese susceptibilities : Acting Chief
Secretary to the Bengal Government :
died May 2, 1890 : CLE.

MACAULAY, THOMAS BABINGTON,
FIRST BARON (1800-1859)

Born Oct. 25, 1800 : son of Zachary
Macaulay : educated at private schools
and at Trinity College, Cambridge :
Fellow, 1824 : gained the Chancellor's
English verse prizes on Pompeii and
Evening : Commissioner in Bankruptcy,
1828: M.P. for Calne, 1830; for Leeds,
1831 : Commissioner of the Board of
Control, 1832 : Secretary, 1833 : helped
to carry the Bill of 1833 for renew-
ing the charter of the E. I. Co. : made a



great speech on the second reading :
appointed Legal Member of the Supreme
Council in India : went out in 1834 :
landed at Madras in June : was at Ootaca-
mund with Lord W. Bentinck, the Gover-
nor-General, until he went on to Calcutta
in September. As Legal Member, he was
head of the Law Commission and largely
responsible for the preparation of the
Penal Code and the Code of Criminal
Procedure. He also wrote a great minute
on Education in India, and obtained a
decision in preference of English studies
rather than of Oriental languages and
literature. His sister married (Sir) Charles
Trevelyan, and Macaulay lived with them
in Calcutta, in the house in ChowTinghi now
occupied by the Bengal Club. He resigned
his appointment on Jan. 17, 1838. He
wrote his essay on Clive in Jan. 1840, and
on Warren Hastings in Oct. 1841 : M.P.
for Edinburgh, 1839-47, and 1852-6 :
Secretary at War, and in the Cabinet,
1839-41 : in 1853 he supported the India
Bill for the renewal of the E. I. Co.'s
Charter : in 1854 he was Chairman of the
Committee appointed to arrange for the
examination of candidates for the Indian
Civil Service by open competition, and
wrote the report. He died Dec. 28, 1859.
His parliamentary career, his History
of England and literary productions had,
except in respect of the matters above
mentioned, no special connexion with
India.



MACBEAN, FORBES (1867-



Born Jan. 3, 1857 : son of Colonel
Forbes Macbean : educated at Upping-
ham : entered the Army, 1876, and
became Lt-Colonel, 1898 : was in the
Afghan war, 1879-80 : in engagements at
Kabul and march from Kabul to Kandahar:
Transvaal campaign, 1881 : Tirah, 1897-
8, severely wounded : Brevet Lt-Colonel :
South African war, 1899-1902. C.B. and
Brevet-Colonel.

MAC CULLOCH, WILLIAM ( ? -1843)

Assistant Examiner of Indian corre-
spondence at the India House, and Chief
Examiner, 1818-30, when he retired :
died March 17, 1843 : had a high reputa-
tion as an administrator, his despatches
being accounted perfect models, and even
superior to James Mill's, who succeeded
him.



26o



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



MACDONALD, SIR HECTOR (1853-
l'J03)

Bom ia Ross-shire. March 4, 1853 : son
of a crofter and stonemason : while a
draper's assistant, joined Volunteers :
in June, 1870, enlisted in the g2nd Gordon
Highlanders : went to India and became
a colour-sergeant in 3 years : in the Kabul
force under Sir F. Roberts in 1879 : dis-
tinguished for his bravery in the Hazar-
darakht defile, and for conspicuous courage
at Charasia : at Sherpur and the fighting
about Kabul : in the Kabul- Kandahar
march, and at battle of Kandahar : given
a Commission : at Majuba Hill, taken
prisoner and released : served in Egypt,
in the constabulary, in the Nile expedition,
in the Egyptian .\rmy : at Suakin, at
Toski : D.S.O. : Major, Royal Fusiliers,
1 89 1 : Brig-General at Atbara, 1 89 8 : at Om-
durman : A.D.C. to Queen Victoria : LL.D.,
Glasgow: commanded the Sirhind Division,
1899 : and the Highland Brigade in S.
Africa, 1 899-1 900 : K.C.B. : commanded
the Belgaum District, 1901 : and the
forces in Ceylon, 1902 : died at Paris,
March 25, 1903 : Maj-General.

MACDONALD, SIR JAMES RONALD
LESLIE (1862- )

Bom 1862 : son of Surgeon-Major
James Macdonald : educated at Aberdeen
University and Woolwich : entered the
Royal Engineers, 1882 : served in the
Hazara expedition, 1888 : in the Uganda
Railway Survey, 189 1-2 : acting Com-
missioner of the Uganda Protectorate,
1893 : commanded the operations there,
1897-8 : in charge of the British operations
at Fashoda, 1896 : conunanded the Juba
expedition, 1898-9 : Brevet-Lt-Colonel :
C.B. : in the China expedition, 1901 :
commanded the forces in the Tibet ex-
pedition, 1903-4 : K.C.I.E.

MACDONALD, JOHN (1759-1831)

Son of Allan and the famous Flora
Macdonald : bom Oct. 30, 1759 : educated
at Portree and Edinburgh : went out to
the Bombay Infantry in 1780 : transferred
to the Bengal Engineers in 1782 : sent to
Bencoolen, Siunatra : surveyed the Dutch
Settlements there : remained at Sumatra
as Military and Civil Engineer until 1796 :
made many maps and charts : retired in
1800 : F.R.S. : an original member of the
Asiatic Society : wrote scientific and



military papers, and a work in favour of
the civilization and education of the
natives of India : died Aug. 16, 1831.

MACDONALD, KENNETH SOMERLED,
REV. DR. (1832-1903)

Born 1832 at Glen Urquhart, Inverness :
joined the United Free Church Mission in
Calcutta in 1861, and was engaged there
in Missionary work for 41 years, a promin-
ent figure in religious and missionary life.
While he constantly conducted Evangelical
services, he laboured chiefly as an edu-
cational Missionary, and was an inde-
fatigable writer, editing Periodicals, Jour-
nals, such as the Indian Evangelical
Review, publishing studies of the Hindu
sacred books, etc. He was a prominent
Fellow of the Calcutta University : died
July 30, 1903.

MACDONALD, SIR REGINALD JOHN

(1820-1899)

Son of Reginald George Macdonald,
Chief of the Clan Ranald : joined the Navy,
1833 : Captain, 1854 : commanded the
Channel Squadron, 1872-3 : Naval C. in C.
in the East Indies, 1875-7 : K.C.S.I.,
1877 : Vice- Admiral, 1877 : commanded
at the Nore, 1879-82 : retired, 1884 :
K.C.B., 1887 : died Dec. 15, 1899.

MACDONELL, ARTHUR ANTHONY

(1854- )

Son of Charles Alexander MacdoneU,
of the Indian Army : bom May 11, 1854, at
Muzaffarpiur : educated at the Public
School, Gottingen, 1870-5 : Gottingen
University, 1875-6 : Corpus College,
Oxford, 1876-80 : B.A., 1880 : M.A.,
1883 : Ph.D., Leipzig, 1884 : Taylorian
Teacher of German, Oxford University,
1880-99 = Deputy-Professor of Sans-
krit, 1888-99 = Boden Professor of
Sanskrit, since 1899 : FeUow of Balliol
College, 1899 : Keeper of the Indian
Institute, Oxford : representative of
Great Britian in Sanskrit at the Inter-
national Congress of Arts and Science at
St. Louis, Sep. 1904 : has written the
Sarvamikramani of the Rigveda (Anecdota
Oxoniensia), 1886 ; a Sanskrit-English
dictionary, 1892 ; Vedic Mythology, 1897 ;
a History of Sanskrit Literature, 1900 ; a
Sanskrit grammar, 1901 ; the Bhraddevata^
1904.



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



261



MACDONNELL, SIR ANTONY
PATRICK (1844- )

I.C.S. : educated at Queen's College,
Galway : joined the Indian Civil Service
in Lower Bengal, 1865, and retired, 1901 :
Revenue Secretary to the Government of
Bengal : Secretary to the Government of
India, Home Department : Acting Chief
Commissioner of Burma, 1889 : Chief
Commissioner of the Central Provinces,
1891 : Acting Lieutenant-Governor of
Bengal, 1893 : Member of the Supreme
Council, 1893-5: Lieutenant-Governor
of N.W.P., 1895-1901 : Member of the
Council of India, 1902 : his services lent,
to be Under Secretary to Lord Lieutenant
of Ireland, 1902 : K.C.S.I., 1893 : G.C.S.I.,
1897 : P.C., 1902 and P.C. Ireland, 1903 :
K.C.V.O., 1903.

MACDOWALL, SIR ANDREW

( ? -1835)

Lt-General : entered the E. I. Co.'s
Madras Estabhshment, 1783 : at the siege
and capture of Palicaudcherry, 1783, and
the reduction of many of Tippoo's forts :
in the defence of the Raja of Travancore's
lines, 1789 : in the force under Corn-
wallis and Medows at Seringapatam, 1791-
2 : at Malavilli and the capture of Ser-
ingapatam, 1799 : in the settlement of
the ceded country, 1 801-3 : commanded
a Brigade under Sir T. Hislop, C. in C,
Madras, at Mahidpur, 1817 : commanded
a detachmment in Khandesh and took
many forts, 1818 : C.B. : K.C.B., 1831 :
died May 15, 1835.

MACGREGOR, SIR CHARLES MET-
CALFE (1840-1887)

Born Aug. 12, 1840 : son of Major
Robert Guthrie Macgregor : educated
at Marlborough : entered the Indian
Army, 1856 : in the mutiny, at Firozpur :
at the siege of Delhi, afterwards in several
hand-to-hand combats : at the siege and
capture of Lucknow : in Oudh, constantly
engaged, 1858-9, under Hope Grant,
Horsford, Holdich : in Fane's horse in
China : Brig-Major in the Bhutan cam-
paign, 1864 : severely wounded : D.A.Q.-
M.G : in Abyssinian expedition : compiled
the Gazetteer of Central Asia, 1868-73 :
Director-General of Transport in the
Bihar famine, 1874, for which he received
the C.S.I. : on expeditions on the Af-
ghan and Beluchistan frontiers in



1875: wrote accounts thereof: pre-
vented from entering Herat : in the
Afghan war, 1878-9, on the Khyber
line : CLE. and C.B. : Chief of the Staff
to Sir F. Roberts and other Generals :
at Charasia, Kabul, Sherpur : commanded
a Brigade in the Kabul- Kandahar march,
and at the battle of Kandahar : com-
manded the Marri expedition : K.C.B.,
1881 : Q.M.G. in India : given the com
raand of the Panjab Frontier Force, 1885
Maj-General : died at Cairo, Feb. 5, 1887
compiled also the History of the second
Afghan war, and wrote The Defence of
India: Our Native Cavalry : and Mountain
Warfare : a great soldier, full of knowledge,
keenness, courage, and determination.

MACGREGOR, SIR GEORGE HALL

(1810-1883)

Son of General John Ale.xander Paul
Macgregor : born May i, 1801 : educated
at Addiscombe : entered the Bengal
Artillery, 1826 : A.D.C. to Lord Auckland,
1836 : Political Agent at Jalalabad, 1838 :
Political Assistant and Military Secretary
• to Sir W. H. Macnaghten, (q.v.), 1838 :
served in Afghanistan, at Ghazni, in
actions from Kabul to Jalalabad, and the
defence of the last place : A.D.C. to
General Pollock, 1842 : present in the
actions up to capture of Kabul : C.B. :
Principal Assistant to the Resident at
Lahore, 1846 : Political Resident at
Benares : Deputy Commissioner of Lahore :
A.G.G. at Murshidabad : Military Com-
missioner and A.G.G. with the Gurkha
auxiliary force under Sir Jang Bahadur
in the mutiny : Brig-General at the cap-
ture of Lucknow : K.C.B., 1861 : retired
as Maj-General, 1859 : died Jan. 3, 1883.

MACGREGOR, SIR JOHN (I791-I866)

Son of Duncan Macandrow : assumed
the name of Macgregor, 1863 : educated
at Edinburgh University : entered the
medical service, 1809 : in the 'Walcheren
expedition, 1809, the Peninsula, 1811-3 :
served in the Presidencies of Madras,
Bombay, twice in Bengal, in Ceylon :
present at the capture of Fort Manora and
Karachi : at the investment of Kandahati
1 84 1-2 : at Kabul and Ghazni, and with
Nott's Army, 1841-2 : at Maharajpur,
1843 : at the rebellion in Ceylon. 1848 :
P.M.O. at Hongkong for 2 years : Deputy
Inspr-General at Madras : Hony. Physician



262



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



to Queen Victoria, 1859 : K.C.B., 1S59 :
died June. 13 1866.

MACINTYRE, DONALD (1832-1903)

Born 1832 : educated at Addiscombe :
entered the Army, 1850 : with the 66th
Gurkhas, in the Peshawar frontier expe-
ditions, 1852, 1853, 1856, 1864 : in 1857-8
protected the hill passes on the Kale-
Kumaon frontier from the Rohilkund
rebels : with the 2nd Gurkhas in the
Lushai expedition,i87i-2 : gained the V.C. :
climbed over a stockade 8 to 9 feet high
under heavy fire : Brevet-Lt-Colonel : in
the Afghan war, 1878-9, commanded 2nd
Gurkhas in the Khyber, and in the
Bazar valley : retired as Maj-General, 1880 :
F.R.G.S. : wTOte Wanderings and Wild
Sport on and beyond the Himalaya : died
April 15, 1903.

MACK, REV. JOHN (1797-1845)

Born March 12, 1797 : a native of
Edinburgh : his father was a Writer to the
Signet : educated at Edinburgh University
and distinguished himself at the Baptist
College at Bristol : was selected by the
Rev. W. Ward (q.v.) on his visit to England,
in 182 1, to be a Professor at the Serampur
College : arrived there, Nov. 1821 : worked
as Professor for 14 years : ordained in
June, 1832, as co-pastor of the Serampur



Online LibraryCharles Edward BucklandDictionary of Indian biography; → online text (page 45 of 83)