Charles Edward Buckland.

Dictionary of Indian biography; online

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offices connected with the cotton invest-
ment of the E. I. Co., for his knowledge
and experience of cotton fabrics acquired
in mercantile houses in London : intro-
duced the cultivation and manufacture
of indigo into Bengal at a factory at
Nilganj, near Baraset, 1779 : opened a
copper mint at Pulta, under authority
of Government, 1780 : left India, 1788 :
was one of the founders of the Westminster
Life Insurance Society : M.P. for Queens-
borough, 1802-6 : Alderman of the City
of London, 1804-g : and High Bailiff of
Southwark, 1817-24 : died in London,
Nov. 30, 1830.

BRADLEY (1837-1903)

Son of the Rev. Dr. C. Pritchard,
Savilian Professor of Astronomy at Oxford :
born in 1837 : educated at Rugby, Sher-
bourne, and Haileybury: joined the Bom-
bay CivU Service in 1857. After holding
various minor appointments, he was
President of the Salt Commission in
Madras in 1876, and in 1877-8 proposed
a scheme for the working of the Abkari
system in Bombay. He became Com-
missioner of Customs, 1 881: Commissioner
of Salt Revenue, 1882 : Commissioner in
Sind, 1887 : Member of Council, Bombay,
1889 : Member of the Supreme Council
(in charge of Public Works), from Nov.
1892, to March, 1896 : he was strongly
opposed to the Cotton Duties : C.S.I, in

1886, and K.C.I.E. in 1891. He sup-
ported the Turf for many years in Western
India. He died in London, Nov. 23,


(1835- )

Born April 22, 1835 : son of WilUam
Waugh Pritchard: educated at King's
College, London, and Woolwich: joined the
R.E., 1855 : served in the Indian mutiny,
1857-8 : at the relief, siege, and capture
of Lucknow : China war, i860 : capture
of Pekin : Abyssinian campaign, 1867-8 :
led the assault at the capture of Magdala :
wounded : C.B., 1886 : F.R.G.S. : F.R.C.I.


(1836- )

Born Sep. 23, 1836 : son of William
Waugh Pritchard: educated at City of
London School : joined Madras ArtUlery,
1857 : R.A., i860, and Staff Corps, 1871 :
became Colonel, 1887 : served in part of
Indian mutiny : Military Secretary to
Lord Hobart, Governor of Madras, 1873-4 :
Accountant-General to the Government
of India, in the Military Department,
1886-93 : C.S.I. , 1893.


( ?-1839)

Entered the Army, 1793 : served in
Holland and Germany, 1794-5 = Brevet-
Colonel, 1814 : went to India, 1814 :
Brig-General in the Mahratta war, 1817-8 :
in pursuit of the Peshwa : took Singhar
and Wasota, 1818, and co-operated in the
siege of Sholapur in May, 18 18, defeating
the Mahrattas on the river Sena : made
K.C.B., 1822 : died April 12, 1839.

NAGHTEN (1833- )

Born Jan. 21, 1833 : son of Capt. G. Pro-
byn : entered the Army, 1849, and became
General, 1888 : served on the Trans-
Indus Frontier, 1852-7 : in the 2nd
Panjab Cavalry in the Indian mutiny,
1857-8 : distinguished for gallantry and
daring throughout the campaign, especially
at the battle of Agra : the despatch
mentioned " only a few of the gallant
deeds of this brave young officer " for
which he gained the V.C. : China, i860 :
Umbeyla campaign, 1863 : Comptroller
and Treasurer of the Household of H.M.



the King, when Prince of Wales, whom he
accompanied on his Indian tour, 1875-6 :
C.B.. 1S5S : K.C.S.I., 1876 : K.C.B.,
1SS7 : G.C.B., 1902 : G.C.V.O.. 1896 :
Keeper of the Privy Purse to H.M. the
King since 1901 : P.C.


Born 1841 : son of Evan Protheroe, of
Blackheath : entered Madras N.I., 1858
became Colonel, 1886: Maj-General, 1897
served in Abyssinian expedition, 1867-8
in Afghan war, as A.D.C. to Sir Donald
Stewart, 1878-80: in the march from
Kandahar to Kabul : Burma war, 1885-7 :
Chin-Lushai expedition, 1889-90 : D.A.G.
and Q.M.G., Madras Army : commanded
Hyderabad Contingent, 1890-5 : A.D.C. to
Queen Victoria, 1894-7 : Assistant Military
Secretary for India at Headquarters,
1897-8 : commanded Burma District,
1899-1903 : Maj-General, 1897 : Unem-
ployed Supernumerary List. 1903 : C.S.I.,
1881 : C.B., 1887: died July 2, 1905.


(1821 or 2-1857)

Major : son of William Prout, M.D.,
F.R.S. : educated at Westminster and at
the University and Military Academy,
Edinburgh : obtained a cadetship in the
56th X.I. : Interpreter and Adjutant :
distinguished himself at Maharajpur, 1843 :
his principal services were in the Derajat
with the Pan jab Irregular Force, now the
Panjab Frontier Force, of which he was
selected to be the first Brigade Major by
the Brigadier Commanding: Major, 1856 :
a very promising officer : died of sunstroke
while on outpost duty at Cawnpur, 1857.


(1845- )

Born 1845 : entered the R.E., 1866,
and became Colonel, 1895 : joined Indian
Establishment, 1870 : served in the
Afghan war, 1878-80 : Superintending
Engineer, 1892 : officiating Chief En-
gineer, N.W.P., and Oudh, 1894 :
Rajputana and Central India, 1896 : Chief
Engineer, P.W.D., India, 1899-1901 :
retired: CLE., 1897.



Son of Christopher Puller : born 1774 :
educated at Eton and Christ Church,

Oxford : Fellow of Queen's College :
called to the bar from the Inner Temple,
1800 : Bencher of Lincoln's Inn : Law
Reporter: K.C. : Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court of Calcutta : knighted,
1823 : died at Calcutta, May 26, 1824.
after a very brief tenure of his office.

PURNIA ( ? -1812)

A Brahman of the Madual sect : was a
Treasury Officer in the employ of Hyder
Ali in Mysore, and on Hyder's death kept
the Army in order until Tippoo arrived
from Malabar : was Diwan, or finance
minister, to Tippoo for years : and on his
death in 1799 was retained in the post
under an English Resident, when the Hindu
dynasty was restored by Kristna Raj Wad-
iar, a child of three, being made Maharaja.
He was greatly trusted by the Residents,
and during his administration of Mysore
the country was greatly benefited by the
improvements which he introduced, while
he accumulated large sums in the Treasury:
he received a jagir. Kristna Raj, at the
age of 66, was permitted to assume the
government in Dec. 181 1 : Purnia, exas-
perated at the loss of power, but unable
to resist, retired to Seringapatam on
pension, and died March 29, 1812.

MURTI, SIR (1849- )

Born Aug. 12, 1849 : fourth in direct
descent from Piurnia (9.1'.), the great Mysore
statesman : educated at Bangalore :
B.L. of the Madras University : Assistant
Superintendent in Mysore, in 1870 :
after the rendition of the State to the
Maharaja in 1881, he remained in the
State service, rising to be a Judge of the
highest Court of the Province : Member
of the Council of Regency, and Diwan,
or Prime Minister, of Mysore in 1901 :
CLE. in 1897, K.C.I.E. in 1903, in recog-
nition of his eminent services : enlightened
and liberal, he has introduced many
improvements into the administration.


I.C.S. : son of Thomas Pycroft : born
1807 : educated at Bath, privately, and
Trinity College, Oxford : Exhibitioner :
gained at O.xford, by open competition,
in 1829, the " writership " offered to the
University by the President of the Board
of Control : went out to Madras, 1829 :



rose to be Secretary to the Board of
Revenue : Revenue Secretary to Govern-
ment, 1850 : Chief Secretary. 1855 :
Member of Council, Madras, 1862-7 '■
K.C.S.I., 1866 : died Jan. 29, 1892.


Born i860 : son of John Pyne : educated
privately : in the service of a mercantOe
firm in India, 1883-5 : from 1885 was for
some years Chief Engineer to the Amir of
Afghanistan : Ambassador for the Amir
to the Viceroy of India in 1893 : K.B.,
1894 : C.S.I. , 1894.



I.C.S. : born 1834 : educated at Trinity
College, Dublin : after open competition,
joined the Civil Service in the N.W.P. in
1856 : acted as Judicial Commissioner in
Burma, 1875-7 : Commissioner of a
Division in the N.W.P. and Oudh :
Additional Member of the Governor
General's Legislative Council, 1883-4,
and again : Member of the Board of
Revenue, N.W.P., 1885, and of the PubUc
Service Commissioner, 1886 : C.S.I., 1887 :
Chief Commissioner of Assam, Oct. 1889 :
sent to Manipur in March, 1891, to put
down rebellion and restore order : the
Manipuris attacked the British Residency,
and, when Quinton visited the fort to
negotiate with them, he and his escort
were seized treacherously and all put to
death, March 24, 1891.



Son of Captain Benjamin Raffles : born
July 5, 1781 : educated at Hammersmith :
appointed at 14 a clerk in the India House :
sent to Pulo Penang in 1805 as Assistant
Secretary in the E. I. Co.'s service :
Secretary, 1807 : on his suggestion. Lord
Minto embarked on the Java expedition,
1811 : at its close he was made Lieutenant-
Governor of Java : reformed the adminis-
tration with energy : appointed also
Resident at Bencoolen in Sumatra, 1813 :
charges made against him by Gillespie
iq.v.) held to be groundless : Raffles
recalled in 1815 and Java restored to the
Dutch : he wrote the History of Java,
1817 : knighted, 1817 : Governor of
Bencoolen, 1818 : proposed the occupation
of Singapore, which was permitted, 1819 :
he greatly developed it, and founded a

College there : went home in 1824, but
lost, his ship taking fire, all his valuable
scientific collections, the result of his
industry in zoology, philology, natural
history, anthropology, etc. : was the
founder of the Zoological Society of London,
in 1825-6, and its first President : was
F.R.S. : LL.D : and belonged to learned
Societies: died July 5, 1826 : his statue is
in Westminster Abbey.


( ? - )
Born in Russia : traveller : naturalized
in United States, 1894 : author of Story
of Chaldea, Story of Assyria, Story of Media,
Babylon and Persia ; Story of Vedic India,
History of the World, etc., etc. : translator
of The Empire of the Czars and the Russians.


Rose from the humble rank of a com-
positor to reputation as a scholar : was a
bookseller : translated the Mahabharata
from Sanskrit into Bengali, and later into
English : the work was printed at the
cost of Government : he was made CLE. ;
died Jan. 11, 1895.

RAI, RAJA SHITAB ( ? -1773)
Born at Delhi : a Kayastha : early
served the Emperor Muhammad Shah :
defender of Patna, when the town was
attacked by the Shahzada in 1760 : also
gallantly assisted Captain Knox in the
subsequent fighting : was appointed Naib
Diwan of Bihar, about 1763 : under
charges of embezzlement and oppression,
he was suspended by Warren Hastings
in April, 1772, and detained in Calcutta
under inquiry and trial before Hastings
in 1773 : in July, 1773, he was acquitted
and restored to his office at Patna as
Roy-royan and Naib Nazim : he died
there in Sep. 1773 : his son Kalian Singh
succeeded and was made a Maharaja.

RAIKES, CHARLES (1812-1885)
I.C.S. : born 1812 : son of Job Matthew
Raikes : educated at Haileybury, 1829
-30 : went out to the N.W.P., 1831 : was
Commissioner of Lahore : Judge of the
Sadr Court at Agra : in the mutiny was
in the fort at Agra : was a volunteer and
saw active service as Civil Commissioner :
C.S.I. , 1866: died Feb. 16, 1885: wrote
Notes on the N.W.P. of India, 1858;



XoUs on Ihf Rnolt of the N.W.P. of India,
185S ; The Englishman in India, 1867.

ROBERT (1S27- )

Born March 9, 1827 : son of Col. Joseph
Robert Raines : educated at Brunswick
Ecole MiUtaire and Sandhurst : joined
the Army, 1842 : served for thirty years
continuously in the 95th regt. : in the
Crimea, 1854-6 : in the Indian mutiny,
1857-8 : twice wounded : held several
Staff appointments, including a Bombay
command : General, 1892 : K.C.B., 1893 :
author of The g^th Regiment in Central

RAINIER, PETER (1742-1808)
Born 1742 : son of Peter Rainier : of a
French refugee family, originally Regnier :
entered the Navy, 1756 : went to India :
in the naval actions of 1758-9 against the
French : at the siege of Pondicherry,
1760: and of Manilla: commanded a
ship from 1779 in the actions in the E.
Indies, 1779-83, under Sir E. Hughes, and
between him and Admiral Suffrein :
friend of the explorer Vancouver, who,
in 1792, called a mountain in the U.S.
after him : was Naval C. in C. in the E.
Indies, 1794-05 : at the taking of Trin-
comalee, Amboyna and Banda-Neira,
1795-6 : captured many prizes from the
French and Dutch : detained the French
squadron at Pondicherry : made £250,000
in prize money, and left much of it for the
reduction of the National debt : Admiral,
1805 : M.P. for Sandwich : died April 7,

An inferior officer, a Surweicare of the
Raja of Tanjore's Army : his parents be
longing to the Roman Catholic Church
he was baptized as an infant, but did no
learn to read until he was twenty-two
left the Army, and devoted himself to
religion : joined the Protestant Church
and appointed to the charge of the Tan
jore congregations : much persecuted for
his change of faith, but he remained firm
and converted others : after fourty-four
years of labour and suffering for his faith,
he died in 1772.


Born Dec. 2, 1850 : son of Samuel

Raleigh : educated at Edinburgh and

Tubingen and Balliol College, Oxford
D.C.L : Fellow of All Souls' College •
called to the bar, 1877 : Reader in English
Law, Oxford : Registrar of the Privy
Council, 1896-9 : Legal Member of the
Supreme Council in India, 1899-1904 :
author of Elementary Politics, Outline of
the Law of Property -. C.S.I., 1902 :
K.C.S.I., 1904.



Youngest son of the Record Keeper of
the Revenue Board Office in Fort St.
George during the last years of Sir Thomas
Munro : was one of the first students to
enter the High School in Madras established
by Lord Elphinstone in 1841 : there
acquired a taste for physical science, and
astronomy in particular : his first appoint-
ment in the Government service was that
of Mahratta Translator in the Board of
Revenue : afterwards he served in the
Nellore and Tanjore Districts, and in
1859 was appointed an Assistant to the
I nam Commissioner. He was highly
regarded by Sir Charles Trevelyan, then
Governor of Madras. After again serving
in Tanjore, Salem, and Trichinopoly, he
was, in 1867, appointed Superintendent
of Stamps in Madras : C.S.I. , 1871 : in 1875,
became Inspr-General of Registration, and
was a member of various Commissions
on public matters: retired, 1880, from
the Government service, and became
Diwan to his old friend the Maharaja of
Travancore : remained there for seven
years, introducing many useful reforms :
retired, 1887, from Travancore, intending
to settle down in Madras, but died almost
immediately afterwards.

RAM NARAIN, RAJA ( ? -1763)

A native of Bihar : Aliverdi Khan,
Nawab of Bengal, appointed him Deputy-
Governor of Bihar : he retained his appoint-
ment in the time of Suraj-ud-daula,
Aliverdi's successor : after the battle of
Plassy and the deposition of Suraj-ud-
daula, Clive sent Major Coote to wrest
the government of Bihar from Ram-
Narain in 1757: Ram Narain satisfied
Clive that he was not treasonable and was
allowed to remain as Deputy Governor. Mir
Jafir desired to remove Ram Narain from
the Deputy Governorship of Bihar, but
an accommodation was effected. In Dec.
1759, the Shahzada Ali Gohar (afterwards



the Emperor Shah Alam) of Delhi marched
against the Nawab of Bengal : Ram
Narain gave him battle at Patna, and was
defeated, but timely aid, in 1760, from
the English, put the Imperial Army to
flight. Later, in 1760, Mir Kasim became
Nawab of Bengal, deprived Ram Narain of
all power, and proceeded to call Ram
Narain to account for the receipts of his
Government. Vansittart, the Governor
of Bengal, sided wth Mir Kasim ; the
local officers, Coote and Carnac, with Ram
Narain : the latter was seized, imprisoned,
and plundered, by Mir Kasim. In July,
1763, the English took arms against
Mir Kasim : as they advanced to Patna,
Ram Narain was drowned in the Ganges
in Aug. 1763, by the order of Mir Kasim.

NAWAB BAHADUR, OF (1834-1887)

Son of Nawab Muhammad Yusuf Ali
Khan, whom he succeeded in 1865 : an
able administrator : greatly developed
his State : suffered constantly from ill-
health : Member of Governor-General's
Legislative Council : in 1872 he went on a
pilgrimage, leaving Rampur in charge of
his Minister, Usman Khan, who was
assassinated at the J ami Masjid. In
1875 he received the G. C.S.I, from H.R.H.
the Prince of Wales, at Agra. In 1S77
his salute was raised to 15 guns, as a
personal distinction : made a CLE. in
1878, for his services during the famine :
died March 23, 1887 : 100 persons daily
attend his tomb to recite passages from
the Koran : he was a man of great culture
a Persian and Arabic scholar of repute,
an active patron of literature and learning,
and actively promoted education in
Rampur : unlike his predecessors, he
was a strict Sunni.



OF (1815-1865)

Succeeded his father, Nawab Muhammad
Saiyid Khan, as Nawab of Rampur, in
1855, inheriting his administrative capacity
and excelling him as a statesman : a man
of firmness, great mental vigour, and
considerable literary attainments. His
rule in Rampur, for little more than 10
years, was eventful. During the mutiny
he rendered signal assistance to the British
Government, although his people detested
his policy in addition to Rampur, he

took charge of the Moradabad district
after the British officers fled : rescued
32 Christian women and children, and
conveyed them safely to Meerut : was
active in forwarding supplies and money to
Naini Tal : as an influential Muhammadan
he stood alone, and successfully main-
tained his very difficult position in Rohil-
kund : was liberally rewarded with a
large tract of land : at Fatehghar, in
1859, Lord Canning publicly acknowledged
his services : his salute was raised to 13
guns : made K.C.S.I., and Member of the
Governor-General's Legislative Council :
succeeded by his son, Kalb Ali Khan {q-v.).



Born 1816 : brother of the twelfth
Earl of Dalhousie : educated at the
Edinburgh Academy : went out to Bengal
in the E. I. Co.'s military service, 1834 :
was in the Panjab campaign, 1848-9 :
was Commissioner of the districts of
Kiunaon and Garhwal from 1856 to 1884,
44 years there in all, and was called the
" King of Kumaon " : he governed in.
the old paternal style, almost as an
autocrat : trusted equally by his employers-
and the people, who called him " Ramjee
Sahib " : his commanding influence kept
Kumaon, and the dependent submontane
tract, quiet and loyal during the mutiny.
After retirement from office he remained
there till 1892 : his patriarchal system
was well adapted to the non-regulation
districts, which flourished under his admin-
istration : he was earnestly pious : was
asked to preside at a great Missionary
Conference at Calcutta, 1884 : C.B. :
K. C.S.I. , 1875 : Lt-General, 1880 : died
Dec. 16, 1893.



Son of a Mahratta Brahman employed
in the Kolapur State : born Jan. 20,.
1842 : educated at the Elphinstone
College, where he distinguished himself :
in 1866 entered the British service in the
Education Department : in 1868 appointed
Acting Professor of English in the Elphin-
stone College : remained there till 1871,
when he was appointed Subordinate
Judge of Poona : Judge of the S.C. Court
there, 1884 : the rest of his life was spent
in the Judicial Department. In 1886 he
was a Member of the Indian Finance-



Committee : CLE. in i88; : he was
several times a Member of the Bombay
Legislative Council : was made a J udge
of the High Court in 1893. and filled that
office with conspicuous ability and pro-
found learning till his death, on Jan. 17,
1901 : he was a Brahmo of the Parthana
Samaj, and took much interest in social


(1H72- )

Born in Kattiawar, India, Sep. 10, 1872 :
descended from a line of the Jams, or
rulers, of Jamnagar : adopted in 1880
as his son and heir by the Jam Vibhaji,
who. on the birth of a son, induced the
Government to set aside the adoption of
Ranjitsinhji : an allowance was given to
the latter : he was educated at the Raj-
kumar College, Rajkote, India, and Trinity
College, Cambridge : attained great prowess
in the cricket field as a batsman : played
for Cambridge against Oxford in 1893,
and a number of years for the County of
Sussex, and for the Gentlemen against the
Players : went to Australia with the All-
England Eleven: has several times, as a
batsman, obtained the highest average
score for the year : wrote the Jubilee Book
of Cricket.

RAO, BAJI (1775-1852)
The last Peshwa, son of Raghunath Rao :
was invested as Peshwa in 1795, Nana
Farnavis being his Minister, against
and with whom and Daulat Rao Sindia
he treacherously intrigued : in Oct. 1802,
he was defeated at Poona by Jaswant
Rao Holkar : fled to Bassein, where, on Dec.
31. 1802, he made a treaty with the
British, thereby becoming a feudatory :
though thus restored to power at Poona, he
intrigued against the British and connived
at the murder of Gangadhur Sastri.the Mini-
ster of the Gaekwar of Baroda : disregarded
the Bassein treaty and the treaty of Poona
of J une, 1 8 1 7 : deceived Sir J ohn Malcolm :
burnt the Residency at Poona, and, on Nov.
5, 1817, was defeated at the battle of
Kirki : he fled from Poona : he was again
defeated at Korygaum and Ashti, and
surrendered to Malcolm in June, 1818:
was allowed to live at Bithur, near
Cawnpur, on a pension of 8 lakhs a year :
he died Dec. 1852 : the Nana Sahib {q.v.)
was his adopted son.


A Mahratta Brahman : born Dec. 20
18 10, in the district of Ratnagtri : fre-
quently resided at Agra and Cawnpur :
his ancestors held a Subah in Gwalior
territory : educated in Sanskrit and
Persian, he did not learn English till he
was nearly 40. He began life as an
accountant in the Native State of Gwalior :
succeeded his father as Subadar of a
Division : in 185 1 became Chief Minister
of the State. He introduced numerous
fiscal reforms, improved roads and public
works, and published a Code of Regulations
for the guidance of all subordinate officers.
He rendered valuable services in the
mutiny of 1857, loyally and sagaciously
keeping the Maharaja Sindia of Gwalior
to his allegiance to the British Government.
For his services, Dinkar Rao obtained the
grant of an estate in the Benares district.
He resigned in Dec. 1859, his appointment
at Gwalior, and later became Superinten-
dent of the Dholpur State. In 1861 he
became a Member of the Governor-
General's Legislative Council : K. C.S.I.
in 1866: was member of the tribunal
which tried the Gaekwar of Baroda. 1875.
In 1877 the title of Raja was conferred on
him and made hereditary in 1884 : he
died Jan. 9, i8g6.


{1828- )

Born Dec. 2, 1828 : educated at the Hindu
College, Calcutta : a large landed proprie-
tor in the Vizagapatam District, Madras
Presidency, who has always interested
himself in educational and social aflairs :
Member of the Madras Legislative Council,
1868-84 : Fellow of the Madras University :
CLE., 1892 : K.C.I.E., 1903.

RAO HINDU { ? -1855)
A Mahratta : brother of Bija, or Baiza
Bai, the wife of Maharaja Daulat Rao
Sindia. He had a claim to the Gwalior
State, but failed to obtain it: was sent to
Delhi, and lived there on a yearly pension
of a lakh of rupees : was very hospitable
to Europeans: he died in 1855: his
house, on the Ridge outside Delhi, was
the main piquet of the British force during
the siege of Delhi in 1857.


A Mahratta Brahman : son of one and

nephew of another Diwan of Travancore :



educated at the High School of the Madras
University : chiefly excelled in mathe-
matics and science : took his Proficient's
Degree in 1846. After serving in some
minor offices, he was soon transferred to
Travancore as tutor to Rama Varma (q.v.);
after serving the State in various capacities

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