Charles Edward Buckland.

Dictionary of Indian biography; online

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\V. M. Stewart : educated at St. Andrew's
and Addiscombe : entered the Bengal
Artillery, 1851, and Ordnance Department,
Bengal, 1857 : served in the Indian mutiny,
1857-8 : established the Government
harness and saddlery factory at Cawnpur,
and had charge of it till 1888 : CLE.,
1887 : retired, 1888, as Colonel.

STEWART, PATRICK (1832-1865)

Son of James Stewart : bom Jan. 28,
1832 : educated at Sunderland, Sydenham,
Addiscombe : joined the Bengal Engineers,
1850 : went to Calcutta, 1852 : employed
on telegraph construction and twice
officiated as head of the Telegraph Depart-
ment : in the mutiny fortified Raj Ghat
at Benares : at Sir Colin Campbell's
relief of Lucknow, Nov. 1857 : and at its
capture, 1858 : as Deputy Superintendent
of Telegraphs did excellent service in active
warfare : Brevet-Major : served on a
Cholera Commission, 1861-2 : on telegraph
service in Persia : Director-General of the
Government Indo-European Telegraph,
1863: C.B., 1864 : died at Constantinople,
Jan. 16, 1865: Lt-Colonel.

STEWART, SIR RICHARD CAMPBELL

(183(j-1904)

Born 1836 : son of Lt-General Thomas
Stewart : joined the Madras Cavalry,
1853 : in the mutiny served with the
Mysore Siladar Horse : at the attack on
Shorapur, Feb. 1858 : dangerously
wounded : with the Hyderabad Contingent
under Brig-General Hill, in the Tapti
Valley, in Berar, and the Dekkan, Nov.
1858, to March, 1859 : Military Secretary
to Governor of Madras : Major. 1871 :
Q.M.G., Madras 1881-3 : in the Burmese



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



405



expedition, 1886-7, commanded a Brigade
sent to the Ruby Mines : C.B. : Brig-
General of the Hyderabad Contingent : com-
manded in Bmma, 1890-5 : in operations
in the Chin-Lushai hills, 1892-3 : K.C.B. :
Lt-General, 1895 : General, 1900 : died
Dec. 14, 1904.

STIBBERT, GILES ( ? - ? )
Raised a battalion of N.I. at Bankipur,
1 761 : at the siege of Patna, 1763, and
battle of Baxar, Oct. 23, 1764 : captured
Chunar, 1765 : officiating C. in C. of the
Bengal Army in 1777 and 1783 : framed
the reform of that Army, 1780 : Maj-
General, 1783 : Lt-General, 1796 : died
after several years' residence in England.

STIFFE, ARTHUR WILLIAM

(1831- )

Born Aug. 12, 1831 : son of William
Stifife : educated at Stuttgart Polytechnic :
served in the Indian Navy from 1849 to
1862 : was present at capture of Bushire
and Muhamra in Persian war, 1857 :
employed in hydrographic surveys :
Engineer in Chief and Electrician for the
Indian Government Telegraph in Persian
Gulf, 1864-79 : Port Officer and Master
Attendant, Calcutta : retired, 1888 :
author of Charts and Sailing Directions
for Persian Gulf and Makran Coast, and of
papers in scientific Journals : F.R.A.S. :
F.R.G.S. : F.G.S.

STIRLING, ANDREW (1793 P-1830)

I.C.S. : born about 1793 '■ son of Admi-
ral Stirling : educated at Haileybury,
1811-12 : to India in 1813 : Persian
Secretary to Government and Deputy
Secretary in the Political Department :
Private Secretary to W. B. Bayley (q.v.)
while Acting as Governor-General, 182S :
he was the author of a valuable work on
Orissa : distinguished by great talents
throughout his career : died at Calcutta,
May 23, 1830.

STIRLING, SIR WILLIAM (1835- )
Lt-General : born Aug. 4, 1835 : son
of Charles Stirling : educated at Edin-
burgh Academy and R.M.A., Woolwich :
with the R.A. in the Crimea, the Mutiny,
and in China, i860 : in the Afghan
campaign, 1878-9 : made C.B. 1880 and
K.C.B., 1893 : Lt-General : Colonel Com-
mandant R.A. : Lieutenant of the Tower
of London since 1900.



ST. JOHN, SIR OLIVER BEAU-
CHAMP COVENTRY (1837-1891)

Son of Capt. Oliver St. J«hn : born
March 21, 1837 : educated at Norwich
and Addiscombe : went to India in the
Bengal Engineers in 1859 : in the P.W.D.
in the N.W.P. : employed under Patrick
Stewart {q.v.) in constructing the tele-
graph line through Persia, 1863-7 = in
the Abyssinian expedition, 1867-8, as
Director of the Field Telegraph and Army
Signalling : Brevet-Major : returned to
Persia : Boundary Commissioner of the
Persian-Kelat frontier, 1871 : and wrote
an account of it : Principal of the Mayo
College, Ajmir, 1875-8 : Chief Political
Officer with Sir D. Stewart's Kandahar
Field Force, 1878 : C.S.I., 1879 : Political
Agent for S. Afghanistan, 1880 : in the
pursuit to the Helmund of the troops
of the Wall of Kandahar, and at the battle
of Maiwand, July 27, 1880, against Ayub
Khan : at the battle of Kandahar, Sep. i,
1880 : officiated as A.G.G. for Beluchistan,
1882, 1886, 1891 : K.C.S.I., 1882 : in
Kashmir, 1883-4 : acting Resident at
Hyderabad, 1884 : acting Resident at
Baroda, 1887 : Chief Commissioner of
Mysore, 1889-1891 : died at Quetta, June
3, 1 89 1 : contributed to scientific Journals
on geography and natural history : Lt-
Colonel.

STISTED, SIR HENRY WILLIAM

(1817-1875)
Son of Lt-Colonel Charles Stisted : born
181 7 : educated at Sandhurst : joined
the 2nd regt., 1835 : served in Afghanistan,
at Ghazni, the capture of Kelat, the occu-
pation of Kabul : was in the Persian war
of 1856-7, at Khushab and Muhamra :
in command of Havelock's advance guard
at the relief of Lucknow, Sep. 25, 1857,
commanded a Brigade after Neill's death :
with Outram at the Alambagh : at the
capture of Lucknow : in Rohilkund, at
Bareli : C.B. : served on the N.W. fron-
tier, 1863 : commanded a Division in
Canada, 1867 : Lieutenant-Governor of
Ontario : K.C.B. , 1871 : Lt-General,
1873 : died Dec. 10, 1875.

STOCQUELER, JOACHIM HAYWARD

(1800-1885)
Son of Joachim Christian Stocqueler :
born 1800 : was in Calcutta from 1821
for 20 years, as a journalist : bought the



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



400

John Bull and changed it into the En-
glishman : edited Bengal Monthly Sporting
'^Maiiazine, East Indian United Service
Journal, Indian Racing Calendar, Fif-
teen Months' Pilgrimage through Khuzistan
and Persia, 1832 ; Memorials of Afghan-
istan, 1843 : lectured in England on
Indian subjects : established an East
Indian Institute : was a correspondent
in the American war : died, 1885 : wrote
A Handbook of India, 1844 ; India, its
History, Character etc. etc. 1853 ; Memoirs,
etc. of Maj -General Sir William Nott,
1854 : and other works.

STODDART, CHARLES (1806-1842)
I.S.C. : born July 23, 1806 : son of Major
Stephen Stoddart : entered the Royal
Staff Corps, 1823: Captain 1834 : Secre-
tary to the Royal United Service Institu-
tion, 1833-5, and to the Institute of Civil
Engineers : went to Persia as MiUtary
Secretary to the British Envoy, 1835 :
with the Persian Force at the siege of
Herat. 1837-8 : through him the siege
was raised : Lt-Colonel : sent to Bokhara
to treat for relief of Russian captives
there, and to make treaty with the Amir,
1838: imprisoned: released in 1839:
again imprisoned, 1839-40 : served the
Amir, who desired to make alliance with
England : Stoddart and .\rthur ConoUy
imprisoned in Dec. 1841, by Amir's order :
both publicly beheaded on June 17.
1842 : no evidence of their having become
Muhammadans.

STOKES, SIR HENRY EDWARD

(1841- )

I. C. S. : born July 23.1841 : son of Henry
Stokes, County Surveyor of Kerry :
educated at Trinity College, Dublin :
entered Madras CivU Service, 1858 :
Chief Secretary to Government, Madras,
1883-8 : Member of Council, Madras.
1888-93 : K.C.S.I., 1892.

STOKES, WHITLEY (1830- )
Son of Dr. William Stokes of Dublin :
educated at Dublin and Edinburgh
Universities : called to the bar at the
Inner Temple, 1855 : went to India.
1862 : Acting Administrator General.
1863-4 : Secretary to Legislative Council
of Governor- General, and later to Legisla-
tive Department of the Government, 1865-
77 : Legal Member of the Supreme CouncU,



India, 1877-82 : drafted the greater
portion of the Codes of Civil and Criminal
Procedure, Transfer of Property, Trusts,
Easements, Specific Relief, and Limita-
tion Acts: author of The Anglo-Indian
Codes, 1887-8, 1889 and 1891 : has
devoted himself to philological studies
and edited many Irish texts : the greatest
living Celtic scholar, equally versed in
the Irish, Breton and Cornish languages :
C.S.I., 1877 : CLE., 1879 : Honorary
Doctor of Law, Edinburgh.

STOLICZKA, FERDINAND ( ? -1874)

Had a reputation as a naturalist and
geologist in connexion with the Imperial
Geological Survey of Austria before he
joined the Geological Survey of India,
1862 : Palaeontologist to the Indian
Survey : wrote on the Cretaceous Fauna
of S. India : was a laboratory-zoologist :
in 1869 commenced to study, systema-
tically, the anatomy, physiology and
morphology of the mollusca and other
invertebrata : an accomplished natura-
list : accompanied, as the scientific mem-
ber. Sir T. D. Forsyth's Mission to Kash-
gar, 1873 : wrote papers on the geology
of the route to Kashgar : died from
exposure at Boolak-i-Moorghai, 12 marches
from Leh, June 9, 1874.

STONE, VEN. ARTHURE EDWARD

{ '■ - )
Educated at St. Peter's, York, and
Trinity College. Dublin : Chaplain on
the Bengal establishment, 1877-1902 :
served with Upper Bm-ma Field Force,
1886-8 : Archdeacon of Calcutta, 1898-
1902 : Fellow of Calcutta University :
Rector of Islip, Oxford, since 1902.

STRACHEY, SIR ARTHUR

(1858-1901)

Born Dec. 5, 1858 : son of Sir John
Strachey {q.i'-) '■ educated at Charter-
house and Trinity Hall, Cambridge :
LL.D : called to the bar from the Inner
Temple, 1883 : practised in the Allahabad
High Court : in 1892, Public Prosecutor
and Standing Counsel to Government,
X.W.P. : Puisne Judge, Bombay High
Court, 1895 : Chief Justice of the High
Court, Allahabad, 1899 : knighted : died
at Simla, May 14, 1901-



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



407



STRACHEY, SIR HENRY, BARONET

(1736-1810)

Son of Henry Strachey : born May
23, 1736 : was Private and Political
Secretary to Lord Clive in India, 1764 :
M.P. for several places between 1768 and
1807 : Secretary to the Commissioners
for restoring peace to North America,
1776 : introduced indigo into America :
Storekeeper of the Ordnance, 1780-2.
and again in 1783 : Joint Secretary of the
Treasury and Joint Under Secretary
for the Home Department, 1782 : assisted
the King's Commissioners in negotiating
the peace with North America in Paris,
1782. John Adams, one of the American
Peace Commissioners, writing from Paris,
described Henry Strachey thus : " Stra-
chey is as artful and insinuating a man
as they could send : he pushes and
presses every point as far as it can possibly
go ; he has a most eager, earnest, pointed
spirit." Master of the King's house-
hold, 1794 : Baronet, 1801 : F.S.A. :
died Jan. i, 1810.



STRACHEY, SIR JOHN (1823- )

I.C.S. : son of Edward Strachey, B.C.S. :
born June 5, 1823, educated at Hailey-
bury : went out to India in 1842 : served
in the N.W.P. in important appointments :
presided over a Commission to inquire
into the cholera epidemic of 1861 : was
Judicial Commissioner in the Central
Provinces in 1862 : President of the
Sanitary Commission. 1864 : Officiating
Chief Commissioner of Oudh, 1866-7 :
Member of the Governor-General's Su-
preme Council from March, 1868, to Nov.

1872 : during which time he acted as
Viceroy and Governor-General from
Feb. 9, 1872, on the death of the Earl
of Mayo, to Lord Napier of Merchistoun's
arrival on Feb. 23 : Lieutenant-Governor
of the N.W.P. from April, 1874, to Dec.
1876 : Financial Member of the Supreme
Council from Dec. 1876, to Dec. 1880.
when he left India : Member of the Council
of India from 1885-95 : he published
Hastings and the Rohilla War, 1892 :
and India, its Administration and Pro-
gress, 1903 : and, with Lt-General Sir R.
Strachey (q.v.). The Finance and Public
Works of India, 1869-81, in 1882 : K.C.S.I.

1873 : G.C.S.I.. 1878.



STRACHEY, SIR RICHARD

(1817- )

Son of E. Strachey, of the Bengal Civil
Service: born July 24, 1817 : educated
privately and at Addiscombe : entered
the Bombay Engineers in 1836: was
transferred to Bengal and employed in
the Irrigation Department : was in the
battles of Badiwal, Aliwal, and Sobraon
in 1845-6, Brevet-Major : in 1857 was
Under Secretary, P.W.D. : in the mutiny
was Secretary to Sir J. P.Grant {q.v.), in
the temporary Lieutenant-Governorship of
" the Central Provinces" : Consulting Engi-
neer, Railway Department, 1858 : Secre-
tary P.W.D., 1862 : Inspr-General of
Irrigation, 1866 : in the Governor-General's
Legislative Council, 1869 : originated
the schemes for decentralizing the finances,
and for carrying out Railway and Irriga-
tion works on borrowed capital : in 1871.
Inspr-General of railway material and
stores, India Office : in 1875, Lieutenant-
General and Member of the Council of
India : in 1878-g, presided over the
Indian Famine Commission : acted as
Finance Member, and as Military Member
of the Supreme Council, 1878-9 : again
Member of the Council of India, 1879-89 :
became Chairman of the East Indian
Railway Co., 1889 : in 1892 he repre-
sented the Indian Government at the
Brussels Monetary Conference and, later,
was a Member of Lord Herschell's Cur-
rency Committee: F.R.S., 1854: Royal
Medallist of the Royal Society, 1897 :
Chairman of the Meteorological Council :
President of the Royal Geographical
Society, 1887-9 : LL.D. Cambridge, 1892 :
C.S.I, in 1861 : G.C.S.I., 1897 : wrote
Lectures on Geography, and, with his
brother. Sir John Strachey [q.v.). The
Finances and Public Works of India, 1869-
81, 1882.

STRAIGHT, SIR DOUGLAS

(1844- )

Born Oct. 22, 1844 : son of Robert
Marshall Straight : educated at East
Sheen and Harrow : engaged in journal-
ism till 1865 : called to the bar, 1865.
and had a large practice in criminal
cases : M.P. for Shrewsbury, 1870-4 :
Puisne Judge of the Allahabad High
Court, 1879-92 : retired, 1892 : Editor of
the Pall Mall Gazette since 1896 : Knighted,
1892 : LL.D.



4o8



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



STRANGE, ALEXANDER (1818-1876)
Soil of Sir Thomas Aiidrow Lunisdeii
Strange: born April zy, 1818 : educated
at Harrow : joined the 7th Madras Cavalry
in 1834 : was an assistant in the Great
Trigonofnetrical Survey of India in 1847,
and did much valuable triangulation
work until 1859, when, as Major, he left
the survey : retired in 1861 as Lt-Colonel :
was a distinguished man of science :
made Inspector, in 1862, of scientific
instruments for use in India : and himself
designed standard instruments : F.R.G.S.:
F.R.A.S. : F.R.S. : he had great natural
ability for mechanical science and inven-
tion : he initiated, in 1868, the movement
for the appointment of a Royal Commission
on Scientific Instruction and the Advance-
ment of Science, by which many of his
proposals were favourably received : he
died March 9, 1876.

STRANGE, SIR THOMAS ANDREW
LUMISDEN (1756-1841)

Son of Sir Robert Strange, the eminent
engraver : born Aug. 30, 1756 : educated
at Westminster and Christ Church,
Oxford : called to the bar from Lincoln's
Inn, 1785 : Chief Justice of Nova Scotia.
1789 : Recorder of Madras, 1798 : and
President of the Court of Mayor and
.\ldermen : knighted : Chief Justice of
the Supreme Court, Madras, 1800 :
Commanded a battahon of volunteers :
his judicial action effected the collapse
of the mutiny of Company's ofiicers,
1809 : returned to England, 1817 :
D.C.L. O.xford, 1818 : published Elements
of Hindu Law, 1825 : and Reports of
Cases adjudged in the Madras Supreme
Court : died July 16, 1841.

STRANGE, THOMAS LUMISDEN

(1808-1884)

I.C.S. : born Jan. 4, 1808 : son of
Sir T. A. L. Strange {g.v.) : educated at
Westminster and Haileybury, 1824-6 :
joined the Madras Civil Service, 1826 :
was a Commissioner to inquire into the
Moplah disturbances in Malabar, 1852 :
Judge of the Sadr Court, and of the High
Court, Madras, 1862 : WTote a Manual of
Hindu Law, 1856 : retired, 1863 : died
Sep. 4, 1884 : wrote largely on religious
subjects.



STRATHNAIRN, HUGH HENRY
ROSE, BARON (1801-1885)

Field-Marshal : son of Sir George
Henry Rose : born April 6, 1801 : edu-
cated at Berlin : joined the 19th foot in
1820 : Lt-Colonel, 1839 : employed.
1840, on special duty in Syria on the side
of the Turks against the Egyptians : and
succeeded to the command : Consul-
General for Syria, 1841-8 : C.B., 1842 :
Secretary to the Embassy at Constanti-
nople, 185 1 : Charge d' Affaires, 1852 :
in the Crimean war was Queen's Com-
missioner at the headquarters of the
French .\rmy : Brig-General : in the
Crimean battles : K.C.B.: recommended for
the V.C. : General of the Poona Division,
1857 : commanded the Central India
Field Force : took Ratghar, and Garha-
kota : relieved Sagar : took Maltun and
Madanpur : defeated Tantia Topi on
April I, 1858, and took Jhansi on the 3rd :
again defeated Tantia Topi at Kunch
and occupied Kalpi : again defeated
him and the Rani of Jhansi at Morar,
and recovered Gwalior for Sindia, June,
1S57 : resumed the Poona command :
G.C.B. : Lt-General : C. in C, Bombay,
i860 : and C. in C. in India, 1860-5 :
General : amalgamated the Armies of
the Queen and the E.I. Co.: K.C.S.I.,
1861 : G.C.S.I., 1866 : D.C.L. Oxford :
C. in C. in Ireland, 1865-70 : made Baron
Strathnairn of Strathnairn and Jhansi,
1866 : General, 1867 : LL.D. of
Dublin : Field-Marshal, 1877 : died Oct.
16, 1885 : his equestrian statue was
erected in London, 1895.

STRATTON, GEORGE ( ? - ?)

Writer at Fort St. George, 1751 :
Factor, 1756 : Junior Merchant, 1759 :
Senior Merchant, 1762, and Second in
Council at Vizagapatam : Eleventh in
Council at Fort St. George, 1764 : rose
to be Second in Council, 1775 '■ Governor
of Madras, Aug. 1776, after he and other
members of the Madras Council had
arrested the Governor, Lord Pigot, Aug.
24, 1776 : himself suspended from the
service, Aug. 1777 : tried in the King's
Bench in Dec. 1779 for arresting Lord
Pigot, and fined jfi.ooo.

STRATTON, JOHN PROUDFOOT

(1830-1895)
Son of David Stratton : born July 2,
1830 : passed the Royal College of Sur-



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



409



geons, Edinburgh, and M.D. of Aberdeen,
1852 : entered the Indian Medical Service
in Bombay, 1852 : acted as Resident
of Baroda, 1858 : was Political Agent
in Bundelkund : Resident in Mewar :
in the W. states of Rajputana : and Jai-
pur : retired, 1885, as Brigade Surgeon :
■died Aug. 8, 1895.

STUART, SIR CHARLES SHEPHERD

(180-1-1879)

Son of William Stuart : entered the
E. I. Co.'s military service in Bombay,
1820 : Colonel in 1854 : Commander of
the Malwa Field Force, 1857, and a Bri-
gade in the Central India Field Force under
Sir H. Rose : took Chandairi, March 17,

1858 : defeated Tantia Topi before Jhansi,
April I, 1858 : showed great bravery
at Kalpi, May 22, 1858 : at the capture
of Gwalior, June 19, 1858 : Extra K.C.B.,

1859 : commanded a Brigade at Bombay :
G.C.B., 1875 : General 1877 : died April
2, 1879-



STUART, JAMES (



1793)



Brother of Andrew Stuart : Captain
in 1755 • served in Nova Scotia, the W.
Indies, etc. : entered the E. I. Co.'s military
service in Madras, 1775 : C. in C. as Brig-
General there : arrested the Governor
of Madras, 1776 : himself suspended : ac-
quitted by court-martial, 1 780 : command-
ed at Madras, 1781 : served under Coote
{q.v.) at Porto Novo : lost a leg at Poli-
lore, Aug. 1781 : Maj -General : at siege
of Cuddalore, was suspended by Madras
Government and sent to England : fought
a duel with Lord Macartney, 1786 :
died Feb. 2, 1793.

STUART, JAMES (1741-1815)

Son of John Stuart : born March 2,
1741 : educated at Culross, Dumfermline,
Edinburgh : entered the Army : in
American War of Independence : to
India as Brevet-Lt-Colonel, 78th regt. in
1781 : Lt-Colonel : under Coote against
Hyder : at Cuddalore, 178S : under
Medows, 1790; and Cornwallis, 1791-2,
against Tippoo : Maj-General : com-
manded the expedition against the Dutch
in Ceylon, 1795 : commanded the Forces
at Madras, 1796 : and the Bombay Force
at Seringapatam, 1799 : C. in C, Madras,
1801 : Lt-General, 1802 : in the Mahratta
war, 1803 : retired, 1805 : General, 1812 :
died April 29, 1815.



STUART, SIR ROBERT (1816-1896)
Son of Robert Stuart : educated at
the University of Edinburgh : Member
of the Faculty of Advocates, Edinburgh :
called to the bar from Lincoln's Inn,
1856 : Q.C., 1868 : Treasurer,. 1889 :
Chief Justice of the High Court, N.W.P.,
1871-84 : knighted : died Aug. 26, 1896.

STURT, ROBERT RAMSAY NAPIER

(1852- )

Son of Colonel William M. N. Sturt :
educated at Repton : entered the Army,
1872, and Indian Staff Corps, 1875 :
served in the Afghan war, 1878-9 : Mah-
sud-Waziri expedition, 1881 : Zhob Valley
expedition, 1890 : Miranzai expedition,
1891 : Waziristan expedition, 1894 :
N.W. Frontier, Tirah expedition, 1897-8 :
C.B. 1902.

SUFFREIN SAINT TROPEZ, PIERRE
ANDRE DE (1726-1788)
French Admiral: born July 13, 1726,
in Provence, of a noble family : third son
of the Marquis Suffrein St. Tropez : went
to sea, 1743 : served at Martinique ;
taken prisoner in 1748 to England : served
in the Mediterranean ;_ again captured off
Lagos : Captain of a frigate, 1767 '■ of ^
ship in 1772 : on the American station,
1778 : was selected by the French Govern-
ment in 1 78 1 to command a squadron to
the E. Indies : engaged the English in the
Bay of Praya : went, via the Cape, to the
Isle of France, joining the fleet of Count
d'Orves, whom he succeeded in the com-
mand : failed in surprising Madras, sailed
to Pondicherry and Porto Novo in 1782 :
fought an indecisive action with Hughes
{q.v.) off Sadras : treated with Hyder
Ali ; reduced Cuddalore : fought the
English again off Providien and Nega-
patam, and took Trincomalee Aug. 31,
1782 : his four actions with Hughes all
indecisive : he went to Sumatra and
returned to Cuddalore : the Peace of
Versailles, 1783, closed the war: Suffrein
went home to Toulon, 1784 ; received
by the States of Provence with great
honour : a medal struck with the inscrip-
tion : " The Cape protected : Trincomalee
taken, Cuddalore delivered : India de-
fended : six glorious combats : 1784 " :
was made Chevalier, Vice-Admiral and
" Bailli " : selected again in 1787 for the
naval command against the English, but



4IO



DICTIONARY OF INDIA X BIOGRAPHY



he was killed iu a duel in which, in spite
of his obesitv and age. he engaged Dec. 8,
17SS.

SULLIVAN, JOHN ( ? - ? )

In the E. I. Co.'s Service in Madras :
n 1785 represented the Madras Govern-
ment at the Court of the Raja of Tanjore :
he originated the scheme for the founding
of English schools for natives, that is,
for their instruction in the English lan-
guage, with a view to the breaking down
of prejudice against British rule : his
scheme received the support of the Com-
pany, and several such schools were
founded.

SUNKERSETT, JAGANNATH

(lhu2-186o)

Head of the Indian community at
Bombay for many years : Member of the
Legislative Council, Bombay : took active
interest in municipal affairs : President
of the Bombay Association, of the Agri-
Horticultural Society, and of the Board
of Trustees of the Elphinstone funds :
original member of the Board of Educa-
tion : a founder of the Elphinstone Col-
lege : promoted education generally :
was voted a statue at a public meeting :
died July 31, 1865.

SURAJ-UD-DAULA (1731 ? or 1736- ?
1757)

His name was Mirza Muhammad :
eldest son of Zain-un-din Ahmad, called
Haibat Jang, the nephew and son-in-law
of Aliverdi Khan, Governor of Bengal :
adopted by Aliverdi as his heir : suc-
ceeded Aliverdi as Nawab on April 9,
1756 : was offended with the English
for giving protection at Calcutta to Kishen
Das, who escaped with treasure from
Dacca : actuated by rapacity, he attacked
Calcutta and took it, June 20, 1756 :
was finally responsible for the tragedy of
the Black Hole, and callous to the sufferings
of the survivors : European and native
historians have dilated on his cruel and
profligate character. Clive and Watson
retook Calcutta on Jan. 2, 1757 : the
treaty made between them and the Nawab
proved only temporary : a confederacy
was made against him by Clive, who
marched on Murshidabad : Suraj-ud-daula
was defeated at the battle of Plassy, June
23' 1757 : he fled to Rajmahal, where



he was captured, and put to death at
Murshidabad by order of Miran, son of
Mir Jafar {q-v.), on July 4, 1757.



SURAJ MAL, JAT (



-1763)



.\lso called Sujan Singh : son of Badan
Singh Jat (died 1755), founder and Raja
of Bhartpur. Badan Singh, having be-
come blind, lived in retirement at Deeg,
and Suraj Mai governed. He took part
in VVazir Safdar Jang's campaign against
Farrukhabad in 1750, sided with the
Mahrattas in their subsequent encroach-



Online LibraryCharles Edward BucklandDictionary of Indian biography; → online text (page 70 of 83)