Charles Edward Buckland.

Dictionary of Indian biography; online

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ments, 1750-60, and lost his life in a
skirmish near Ghaziuddinnagar, near
Delhi, Dec. 30, 1763 : he took possession
of Agra Fort, June, 1761, and the Jats
held it for nearly 20 years : succeeded
by his son, Jawahir Singh. Suraj Mai
is the hero of a Hindi poem by Sudan,
in 7 cantos, entitled Sujan Charitr, 1850,
and 1902.



SUTHERLAND, JAMES (1794-



Went to sea at 14 for 7 years : in 1S16
to India, to Madras, Calcutta : entered
the Indian Marine service at Bombay
and Calcutta : commanded several ves-
sels : joined J. S. Buckingham {g-v.) in
1828 in editing the Calcutta Journal :
was for some years partly at sea, partly
engaged in journalism and in a mercan-
tile house : concerned with various papers,
the Bengal Chronicle, which became the
Bengal Harkaru ; the Calcutta Chronicle.
which was suppressed by the Govern-
ment ; the Bengal Herald : resigned
editorship : and became Professor of
English Literature at the Hughli College,
1837.

SUTHERLAND, SIR THOMAS

(1834- )

Born Aug. 6, 1834 : son of Robert
Sutherland : educated at Aberdeen Gram-
mar School and University : entered the
service of the P. and O. Company : was
at Hong-Kong for many years : M.P. for
Greenock, 1884-1900 : Chairman of the
P. and O. Company and of the London
Board of Suez Canal Company : K.C.M.G.,
1891 : G.C.M.G., 1897 : LL.D.

SVARNAMAYI, MAHARANI

(1827-1897)

At 1 1 she was married to Kumar, after-
wards Raja, Krishna Nath of Kasimbazar,



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



411



who died in 1845. She contested the
validity of her husband's will, under which
the E. I. Co had taken possession of his
estates, and it was declared null and void.
She spent the greater part of her large
income munificently on charities and public
purposes. The Government of India recogn-
ized her liberality (which became a pro-
verb) and public spirit, made her Rani,
and Maharani (1871), and in 1878 a
Member of the Imperial Order of the
Crown of India. She died in Aug. 1897.

SWINLEY, GEORGE (1842- )

Entered the Bengal Artillery, i860, and
became Maj-General, 1895 : served in
Bhutan expedition, 1865-6 : Black Moun-
tain expedition, 1868 : Jowaki-Afridi
expedition, 1877-8 : Afghan war, 1878-
80, Brevet-Major and Lt-Colonel : C.B.,
1893.

SYDENHAM, THOMAS (1780-1816)

Entered the Madras Army : was Assist-
ant Private Secretary to Lord Mornington
(Marquis Wellesley) in 1799 : Resident
at Hyderabad, 1806-10 : Charge d' Affaires
at Lisbon, 1811 : appointed Minister
Plenipotentiary at Lisbon, 1815 : died at
Geneva, 1816.

SYDENHAM, WILLIAM (1752-1801)

In the E.I. Co.'s service : joined the
Madras Artillery, as Lieutenant, in 1768 :
at the time of the war with Tippoo, the
Artillery was divided into two battalions,
and Major Sydenham was promoted to
the command of the ist battalion :
became Maj-General : died June 13, 1801.

SYKES, PERCY MOLESWORTH

(1867- )

Educated at Rugby and Sandhurst :
a great athlete : entered the Army, 1888 :
travelled constantly in India, Kashmir,
Ladak, Persia, Beluchistan, etc. : founded
the Consulate of Kerman and Persian
Beluchistan : served in South Africa
in command of Welsh Imperial Yeomanry :
inventor of Sykes' patent tent and sleep-
ing valise : C.M.G. for services in Persia,
1902 : author of Ten Thousand Miles in
Persia, 1902, and of many papers for
learned Societies.

SYKES, WILLIAM AINLEY (1859- )

Entered the Indian Medical Service,

1882, and became Lt-Colonel, 1902 :



served at Suakin, i885:in Burma campaign,
1886-8 : Zhob Valley expedition, 1890 :
Waziri expedition, 1894 : Malakand, 1897 :
Buner expedition, 1897 : China expedition,
1900 : Administrative Medical Officer,
N.W. Frontier Province : D.S.O., 1887.

SYKES, WILLIAM HENRY

(1790-1872)

Colonel : son of Samuel Sykes : born
Jan, 25, 1790 : entered the E. I. Co.'s
Bombay Army in 1804 : was present at
Bhartpur under Lord Lake, 1805 : served
intheDekkan, 1817-20: and commanded
native troops at the battles of Kirki and
Poona : was employed by the Bombay
Government as Statistical Reporter from
1824 until he left India in 1831 : wrote a
number of reports, statistical, on Natural
History, etc. : retired as a Colonel in 1833 :
was a Royal Commissioner in Lunacy,
1835-45 : became Director of the E. I. Co.
in 1840 : Chairman in 1856 : in 1854 he
was Lord Rector of the Aberdeen Univer-
sity : M.P. for Aberdeen, 1857-72 : F.R.S. :
Member of the Royal Asiatic Society.
President of it in 1858 : as also, in 1863,
of the Statistical Society, and of the
Society of Arts. In Bombay he advocated
education for the natives, and, in Parlia-
ment, urged the rights and privileges of
the Indian Army : he was the author of
numerous works on scientific and literary
questions, and contributed largely to the
transactions of learned Societies on the
ancient history, antiquities, statistics,
geology, natural history and meteorology
of India : died June 16, 1872.

SYTVI, JOHN MUNRO (1839- )
Born Feb. 15, 1839 : son of Rev. John
Sym of the Free Church : educated at
Edinburgh High School and University :
entered the Bengal Army, 1858, and
became Maj-General, 1896 : served on
N.W. Frontier : at Umbeyla, 1863 : Hazara,
1868 : in Afghan war, 1878-80 : Brevet-Lt-
Colonel : Hazara, 1888, in command of
ist Brigade : C.B. : Miranzai, 1896, in
command of ist Brigade.

SYMES, SIR EDWARD SPENCE

(1852-1901)

I.C.S. : son of E. S. Symes, M.D. :
educated at University College School and
University College, London : went out to



^12



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



X.W.P., 1875 : transferred to Burma,
1876: Junior Secretary to Govenunent,
1880 : Settlement Secretary and Secretary
to the Chief Commissioner, 1882, 1886 :
and Cliief Secretary from 1897 : Member
of the Legislative Council, Burma : C.I.E.,
1886: K.C.I.E., 1900: died at Rangoon,
Jan. 8, 1901.

SYMONS, SIR WILLIAM PENN

llS4:{-18c»



Online LibraryCharles Edward BucklandDictionary of Indian biography; → online text (page 71 of 83)