Charles Edward Buckland.

Dictionary of Indian biography; online

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27. l803.

WINTERBOTHAM, SIR HENRY
MARTIN (1847- )

l.C.S. : born Jan. 13, 1847 : son of
John Brend W'interbotham : entered the
Madras Civil Service, 1869 : Commissioner
of Revenue Settlement, Board of Revenue,
1895 : Member of Council, 1898-1903 :
retired : C.S.I., 1900 : K.C.S.I., 1903.

WODEHOUSE, JOSCELINE
HENEAGE (1852- )

Born July 17, 1852 : son of Admiral
George Wodehouse : educated at Wool-
wich : entered the Royal Artiller}-, 1872 :
served in the Zulu war, 1879 : Afghan war,
1880: Soudan, 1883-94 : commanded 3rd
Brigade, Malakand Field Force, 1898 :
severely wounded : Egyptian campaign,
1898-1900 : commanded Presidency Dis-
trict, Bengal, 1898-9. Sikandarabad,
1900-1 : Lahore, 1902, : C.B., 1889 :
C.M.G.. 1890.

WODEHOUSE, SIR PHILIP EDMOND

(1811-1887)

Governor : son of Edmond Wodehouse :
born Feb. 26, 1811 : entered the Ceylon
Civil Service, 1828 : became Government
Agent for the Western province, 1843 :
was Superintendent of British Honduras,
1851 : Governor of British Guiana, 1854-
61 : C.B., i860 : Governor of the Cape and
High Commissioner in South Africa,
1862-70 : K.C.B., 1862 : was Governor
of Bombay, May 6, 1872, to April 30, 1877 :
G.C.S.I., 1877 : his successor. Sir R.
Temple, refers to his strong sense, steady
judgment and practical ability : died
Oct. 25, 1887.

WOLFF, REV. JOSEPH (1795-1862)

Bom of Jewish parents, 1795 : educated
at Stuttgart and Bamberg : converted
to Christianity near Prague, 1812 :



studied Arabic, Syriac, Chaldaean : attended
theological lectures at Vienna : also
studied, at Tiibingen, Arabic, Persian,
religious subjects: went to Rome, 1816,
but was e.\pellcd in 1818 from the Propa-
ganda and the city : joined the Church
of England, i8ig, and studied Oriental
languages at Cambridge : as a Missionary,
chiefly to the Jews, visited, 1821-6, Malta,
Alexandria, Sinai, Jerusalem, Cyprus,
Bagdad, Ispahan, Tiflis, the Crimea,
Turkey : in search of the lost tribes, he
traveOed, from 1828, to Alexandria, Asia
Minor, Persia, Bokhara, Balkh, Kabul,
Calcutta, Kashmir, Madras, Pondicherry,
Goa, Bombay, Egypt, Malta : in 1836
he went to Abyssinia, Jeddah, Yemen,
Bombay, and the United States, where
he became D.D. and was ordained, 1837 :
given a living in Yorkshire, 1838 : in
1843 he again went to Bokhara to ascer-
tain the fate of Stoddart and Conolly,
who had been killed : himself escaped
narrowly : published a Narrative of the
Mission to Bokhara, 1845 : he died at his
Somerset Vicarage, May 2, 1862. He
called himself "The Protestant Xavier " :
he wrote his Travels and Adventures, 1860-
2, and several series of journals of his
missionary labours.

WOLLASTON, ARTHUR NAYLOR

(1842- )

Born Oct. 14, 1842 : son of Henry
Francis Wollaston : educated at Stockwell
Grammar School : joined the India
Office, 1859 : became a senior clerk, 1873 :
Assistant Secretary, 1884, in charge of
the Revenue and Statistics Department,
1886-8 : Registrar and Superintendent
of Records since 1898 : Examiner in
Persian at the Staff College, 1880 : super-
intended the translation of Oriental
inscriptions in the S. Kensington Museum,
188 1 : translated the Anwar-i-Suhaili,
1877 : edited Sir L. Pelly's miracle play
of Hasan and Husain, 1879 : published
English- Persian dictionaries, 1882 and
1889 : Half-hours with Muhammad, 1886 ;
and (with Sir Roper Lethbridge) a Gazet-
teer of the Territories under the Govern-
ment of India : CLE., 1886, for his
Oriental scholarship.

WOLSELEY, GARNET JOSEPH, FIRST
VISCOUNT (1833- )

Born June 4, 1833 : son of Major
Garnet Joseph Wolseley : entered the



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



459



Army, 1852, and became Colonel, 1865 :
served in Burmese war, 1852-3 : Crimean
war, 1855-6 : Indian mutiny, 1857-8,
at Lucknow and the Alambagh : China,
i860 : commanded Red River expedition,
1870 : Brevet-Lt-Colonel : commanded
the Forces in Ashanti war, 1872 :
Maj-General : K.C.B. : G.C.M.G. : Gov-
ernor of Natal, 1879 : Q.M.G. at War
Office, 1880 : A.G. at War Office, 1882-5 =
C. in C, in Egyptian campaign, 1882, and
of Gordon relief expedition, 1884-5 :
A.G. at War Office, 1885-90 : C. in C,
Ireland, 1890-5 : Field Marshal, 1894 :
C. in C. of the Army, 1895-1900 : K.P. :
P.C. : G.C.B. : G.C.M.G.: D.C.L.: LL.D. :
author of The Soldier's Pocket Book,
Life of the Duke of Marlborough, Decline
and Fall of Napoleon, The Story of a
Soldier's Life.

WOLSELEY, SIR GEORGE B.

(1839- )

Born July 11, 1839 : son of Major
Garnet J. Wolseley, and brother of
Viscount Wolseley : educated privately :
entered the Army, 1857, and became
Maj-General, 1892 : served in the Indian
mutiny, 1857-8; Afghan campaign, 1878-
80 : Brevet-Lt-Colonel : Egyptian cam-
paign, 1882 : Tel-el- Kebir : in the Nile
campaign, 1884-5 ■" C.B. : Burmese war,
1886-8, as Brig-General : K.C.B. : Lt-
General in command of the Forces, Pan-
jab, 1897-8, and Madras, 1898-1904.

WOOD, SIR DAVID EDWARD

(1812-1894)

Son of Colonel Thomas Wood, M.P. :
born Jan. 6, 1812 : educated at the R.M.A.,
Woolwich : joined the Royal Artillery,
1829 : became Maj-General, 1867 : Gen-
eral, 1877 : served at the Cape, 1842-3 :
in the Crimea, at the battles, and com-
manded R.H.A. : C.B. : in the mutiny,
commanded Artillery under Sir Colin
Campbell : as Brig-General at the cap-
ture of Lucknow, and in subsequent oper-
ations, 1857-9 : K.C.B. : commanded the
R.A. at Aldershot, 1864-5. and Wool-
wich Garrison, 1869-74 : Colonel Com-
mandant, R.H.A. : G.C.B. , 1877 : died
Oct. 16, 1894.

WOOD, SIR HENRY EVELYN

(1838- )

Field Marshal : born Feb. 9, 1838 : son
of Rev. Sir John Page Wood, Bart. : edu-



cated at Marlborough : entered the Navy,
1852 : was in the Naval Brigade in the
Crimea, 1854-5 : severely wounded at the
Redan, June 18, 1855, when A.D.C. to Sir
W. Peel {q.v.) : joined the 13th Light
Dragoons, 1855 : in the 17th Lancers in
the Indian Mutiny : gained the V.C. :
called to the bar from the Middle Temple,
1874 : passed the Staff College : served in
the Ashanti, Kafir, Zulu and Transvaal cam-
paigns : commanded a Brigade in the Egyp-
tian Expedition, 1882 : raised the Egyptian
Army, 1883 : was in the Nile Expedition,
1894-5 : at different times, commanded
at Chatham, the Eastern District, and
the Aldershot Division : Q.M.G. of the
Army, 1893-7 : Adjt-Gen., 1897-1901 : has
commanded the 2nd Army Corps since
1901 : has written on military subjects :
C.B., 1874 : K.C.B., 1879 : G.C.M.G.,
1882 : G.C.B., 1891 : D.L. and Field-
Marshal.

WOOD, SIR HENRY HASTINGS
AFFLECK (1826-1904)
Son of General John S. Wood, Lieuten-
ant of the Tower of London : born in
1826 : entered the Indian Army in 1843 :
joined the 4th Bombay N.I. in 1844 :
served under Sir C. Napier in 1845-6 :
in the Panjab campaign, 1848-9 : in
Persia, 1856-7 : in the Indian mutiny,
throughout the Central India campaign
under Sir Hugh Rose: frequently men-
tioned in despatches : entered the Bom-
bay Staff Corps in 1861 : in the Abys-
sinian expedition, 1867-8 : C.B. : Brig-
General in Bombay, 1875-80 : in the
Afghan campaign, 1879-80 : General in
1889 : K.C.B. in 1894 : in May, 1904,
gazetted Colonel of the 104th (" Welles-
ley's ") Rifles in the Indian Army : died
at Boulogne, Aug. 5, 1904.

WOOD, HERBERT WILLIAM

(1837-1879)

Son of Lt -Colonel Herbert William
Wood, Madras N.I. : born July 17. 1837 :
educated at Cheltenham and Addiscombe,
Chatham : to Madras in the Engineers,
1857 : in the mutiny in the Sagar Field
Division under Whitlock, at Banda and
Kirwi and other engagements in 1858 r
Field Engineer in Abyssinia, 1868 : Major :
while on furlough went in the Grand
Duke Constantine's expedition to investi-
gate the Amu Darya : wrote The Shores
of Lake .iral, 1876: died in India, Oct.



46. >



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



8, 1870 : F. K.li.S. and Member of Russian
Geographical Societies.

WOOD, JOHN ( ? - ? )

During the war of 1707 with Hyder Ali,
Col. John Wood saw much active service,
distinguishing himself in the campaign :
in 1760. at the instance of a Major Fitz-
gerald, he was tried by court-martial for
misappropriation of public moneys, but
acquitted : the Madras Government did
not concur in the verdict, and dismissed
him : the Court of Directors reversed
this decision, 1771, and reinstated him.

WOOD, JOHN (1811-1871)

Born iSii : joined the E. I. Co.'s naval
service, 1826 : commanded the first
vessel, the Indus, in the navigation of the
Indus river, 1835-6 : Assistant to Burnes
i.q.v.) in his commercial mission to Afghan-
istan, 1836 : reported on the Kabul
Valley : discovered the source of the
Oxus river : in 1858, Manager of the
Oriental Steam Navigation Co. in Sind :
Superintendent of th& Indus steam flotilla
from i86r : died in Sind, Nov. 13, 1871 :
wrote A Personal Narrative of a Journey
to the Source of the Oxus, 1841.

WOOD, SIR MARK, BARONET

(1747-1829)

Son of Alexander Wood : born 1747 :
joined the E. I. Co.'s military service, in
the Bengal Engineers, 1772 : Colonel,
1795 : Surveyor-General, 1787 : Chief
Engineer in Bengal, 1790 : returned to
England, 1793 : was elected M.P. in
1794' 1796 and 1802, retiring in 1818 :
made a Baronet, 1808 : died Feb. 6,
1829 : wrote on The Late War with Tippoo,
Sultan, 1800 ; A Journey from England
to India through Egypt in 177^, 1803 :
he surveyed Calcutta and the country
on the banks of the Hughli river to the
sea, 1780-5.

WOOD, WILLIAM MARTIN

(1S2S- )

Born Nov. 23, 1828 : son of William
Wood, schoolmaster : educated at Scar-
borough, Sheffield People's College, and
University College, Gower Street : leader
writer on the Lancaster Guardian, 1862,
and its London Correspondent to end of
1864 : Editor of the Times of India, hold-
ing that post, with brief intervals, until



March, 1874 = wrote for other Indian
journals all over India, also for Vanity
Fair : was the Times' correspondent for
the Baroda State Trial, 1875 : sent weekly
notes to London journals : Proprietor and
Editor of the Bombay Review and Indian
Advertiser, 1878-80: Fellow of the Bom-
bay University, 1876: Examiner for
several years in Political Economy,
History, Literature : wrote Things of India
made plain, and several pamphlets,
1865-80.

WOODBURN, SIR JOHN

(1843-1UU2)

I.C.S. : born at Barrackpur, July 13,
1843 : son of David Woodburn, M.D., of the
E. I. Co.'s service : educated at A\t Aca-
demy, Glasgow and Edinburgh Universi-
ties : arrived in India in Dec. 1863 : served
in the N.W.P. and Oudh in minor appoint-
ments until he became first Revenue, and
afterwards Chief Secretary to the Local
Government in 1888 : was a Member of
the Governor-General's Legislative Coun-
cil in 1 89 1 and 1893 : Chief Commissioner
of the Central Provinces, 1893-5 : Member
of the Supreme Council, 1895-7: Lieuten-
ant-Governor of Bengal from April, 1898,
till his death. He was made C.S.I, in
1892 and K. C.S.I, in 1897. He had
great influence in, and affection for, Oudh :
in Bengal he had everything to learn.
His Lieutenant-Governorship was com-
paratively uneventful. It devolved on
him to pass the Calcutta Municipal Act
of 1899, and to combat the plague. His
policy was to inculcate the necessity of
cleanliness and disinfection, but to avoid
irritating the people by compulsory segre-
gation and evacuation of buildings. The
relaxation of the plague regulations
endeared him to the native public. His
geniality, tact, courtesy, and kindness of
heart rendered him generally popular
among all classes. He was generous and
delighted in hospitality. He fell ill on
tour in Aug. 1902 : died Nov. 21, 1902, and
was buried in the Circular Road Cemetery,
Calcutta.

WOODROFFE, JAMES TISDALL

(1838- )

Born March 16, 1838 : son of Very Rev.
John Canon Woodroffe : educated at
Trinity College, Dublin : called to the
bar at the Inner Temple, 1S60 : practised



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



461



before the Calcutta Supreme and High
Courts from i860 : Advocate-General of
Bengal, 1899-1904 : Member of the
Governor-General's Legislative Council.
1899-1900: of the Bengal Legislative
Council, 1899-1904 : decorated by H,H.
Pope Leo XIII for services rendered to
the Catholic Church in India.

WOODROW, HENRY (1823-1876)

Born July 31, 1823 : son of Henry
Woodrow : educated at Rubgy and Caius
College, Cambridge : Scholar, and Fellow :
went to Calcutta, 1848, as Principal of the
Martiniere College : became Secretary to
the Council of Education, 1854 : on the
formation of the Education Department in
Bengal, became Inspector of Schools,
1855-72 : he devoted much attention to
primary education, and to physical
science in education : Director of Public
Instruction. 1875 : died at Darjeeling,
Oct. II, 1876.

WORKMAN, WILLIAM HUNTER

( ? - ? )
Of English-American parentage : edu-
cated at Yale and Harvard Universities :
practised in America for 13 years : has
since been a great traveller in out-of-the-
way parts of Europe, North Africa and
Asia : has explored the higher Himalayas :
author of In the Ice World of Himalaya,

WORSLEY, SIR HENRY (1768-1841)

Born Jan. 20, 1768 : son of Rev. Francis
Worsley : joined the E. I. Co.'s military
service in Madras, 1781 : in the siege
thereof, 1781 : to Sumatra, 1789 : in the
Mysore war, 1791 : at Seringapatam,
1792 : in Mahratta war, 1803 : at .■\lighar,
Delhi, Agra. Laswari, Mathura : Adjutant-
General and Lt-Colonel, 1806 : Private
Secretary to the Marquis of Hastings,
1813 : Secretary to Government in the
Militarv Department, 1818 : resigned,
1819 : 'C.B., 1815 : K.C.B., 1821 : Maj.
General, 1830 : G.C.B., 1838 : died Jan.
19, 1841.

WRIGHT, WILLIAM (1830-1889)

Born in India, 1830 : son of Capt.
Alexander Wright, of the E. I. Co.'s service :
educated at St. Andrew's, and at Halle
University : studied under Rodiger, the
Orientalist, the Semitic languages, especi-
ally Arabic, but also Sanskrit, Persian,



Turkish and other Oriental languages :
went to Leyden : edited the travels of Ibn
Jubair in Arabic : and Syriac and Arabic
texts : 1855-61, Professor of Arabic, in
University College London : at Dublin,
1856-61 : Assistant and Assistant-keeper
in the Oriental Branch of the MS. Depart-
ment of the British Museum, 1861-70 :
distinguished in epigraphy and paleo-
graphy : Professor of Arabic and Fellow
of Queen's College at Cambridge, 1870 :
Head of the Semitic school : wrote an
Arabic reading book, 1870, and a gram-
mar : greatly stimulated the study of the
Semitic languages : obtained Indian
MSS. for the Cambridge University
Library : received many foreign dis-
tinctions and honours : member of the
Old Testament Revision Committee :
died May 22, 1889.

WYLIE, HENRY (1844- )

Entered the Indian Army, 1861, and
became Maj-General, 1899 : served in
N.W. Frontier, 1863: Bhutan, 1865:
Abyssinian expedition, 1868 : Hazara
expedition, 1868 : on special duty in
Beluchistan, 1877: Afghan campaign,
1878-80 : Assistant to Resident in Mysore,
1882 : Political Agent at Bahawalpur,
Jhalawar and Bhopal : Resident in
Nipal, 1898-1900 : retired : C.S.I., 1881.

WYLLIE, JOHN WILLIAM SHAW

(1835-1870)

I.C.S. : son of General Sir W. Wyllie,
K.C.B. : born at Poena, Oct. 6, 1835 :
educated at the Edinburgh Academy and
Cheltenham : resigned a scholarship won
at Lincoln College and gained one at
Trinity College, Oxford : after open
competition for the Indian Civil Service,
went to Bombay in 1S56. He joined the
Political Department in Kattiawar, 1S58-
60 : transferred to Oudh, and was made
Assistant Secretary to Sir George Yule,
the Chief Commissioner. In 1862 he-
joined the Government of India Secretariat
in the Foreign Department, and, with
short periods spent in other Departments,
remained there till 1867, acting once for
three months as Foreign Secretary. While
on furlough in 1868, he gave up, on the
advice of his uncle,Sir W. Hutt, his Indian
career and stood as a Liberal for the city of
Hereford. He was elected, but was
unseated for technical bribery by his agent..



462



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



He was made C.S.I, in 1869 and died in
Paris. M.-irch 15, 1870. He was a brilliant
writer, and much esteemed for his personal
qualities. His essays on the External
Policy of India were edited by Sir W. VV.
Hunter {q.v.). The best known arc those
on""The Foreign Policy of Lord Lawrence,"
" Masterly Inactivity." and " Mischievous
Activity," from the Edinburgh and Fort-
nightly Reviews : he wrote also in other
Journals on political questions.

WILLIE, SIR WILLIAM (1802-1891)

Son of John Wyllie : born Aug.'i3, 1802 :
educated at Kilmarnock : joined the E. I.
Co.'s Bombay N.I., 18 19 : General in
1871 : served in the Dekkan, Konkan,
Gujarat, and Cutch in 1825-6 : in
1838-9 he was Brig-Major with the Bom-
bay column of the " Army of the Indus "
under Sir John Keane : was at Ghazniand
at the capture of Kabul, Aug. 7, 1839 :.
was, under Sir T. Willshire {q.v.), at
Quetta, and the capture of Kelat, Nov. 3,
1839 : was again Brig-Major in the Sind
force under Sir R. England {q.v.), 1840-2,
reaching Kandahar, May, 1842 : was
Assistant Adjutant-General under Sir
C. Napier in Sind and at Miani on Feb. 17,
1843 : C.B. : commanded against the
rebels in the S. Mahratta country, 1844-
5 : was D.A.G. Bombay, 1849 : com-
manded at Bombay and Ahmadnagar :
retired from India in 1858 : K.C.B. in
1866 : G.C.B., 1877 : General : died May
26, 1891.

WYLLIE, SIR WILLIAM HUTT
CURZON (1848- )

Born Oct. 5, 1S4S : son of General Sir
VVilUam Wyllie, G.C.B : entered the Army,
1866, and the Indian Staff Corps, 1868,
joined the Oudh Commission, 1870 : the
Indian Political Department, 1879 : served
in Beluchistan under Sir Robert Sandeman
during the Afghan war, 1879-80 : Military
Secretary to William Patrick Adam
(5.11.), Governor of Madras, 1881 : Resident
in Nipal : Governor-General's Agent in
Central India and in Rajputana : retired :
Political A.D.C. at India Office : CLE.,
1881 : K.C.I.E., 1902.

WYMER, SIR GEORGE PETRE

(1788-1868)

Born Aug. 19, 1788 : educated at N.
Walsham : entered the E. I. Co.'s military



service, 18 >4 : in the campaign of 1805:
and the Nipal war, 1815-6 : under Nott
at Kandahar, 1840 : relieved Kelat-i-
Ghilzai : C.B. : commanded the First
Brigade of the Kandahar Force : present
at many engagements, including Ghazni :
.\.D.C. to Queen Victoria. 1842: K.C.B.,
1857, for his services in India : Colonel of
the 107th Bengal Infantry, 1862 : died
.\ug. 12, 186S : General.

WYNCH, ALEXANDER (1720- ? )

Born 1720 : writer at Fort St. George,
1740 : at Fort St. David, 1741 : Sixth
in Council at Fort St. David, 1744 :
Factor, 1745 : Ninth in Council at Fort
St. George, 1752 : Second in Council,
1772, and Chief at Masulipatam : Gover-
nor of Madras, Feb. 2, 1773 : resigned,
Dec. II, 1776.

WYNN, CHARLES WATKIN WILLIAMS

(1775-1850)

Born Oct. 9, 1775 : son of Sir Watkin
W. Wynn : educated at Westminster, and
Christ Church, Oxford : called to the bar
from Lincoln's Inn, 1798 : M.P. for Old
Sarum. 1797, and for Montgomeryshire,
1797-1850 : Under Secretary in the Home
Department, 1806-7 : D.C.L., 1810 :
President of the Board of Control. 1822-8,
and P.C. : impracticable and unbusiness-
like : Secretary at War, 1 830-1 : Chan-
cellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, 1834-5 :
said to have declined, three times, the
offer of the Governor-Generalship of
India : the first President of the Royal
Asiatic Society, 1823-41 : F.S..A.. : died
Sep. 2, 1850.



YAKUB KHAN (1849-



Amir of Afghanistan : third son of
Shir Ali {q.v.) : at Herat, in 1863, recog-
nized Vambery as a European : in 1868-9
defeated his uncle .Muhammad .A.zam and
his cousin .-Vbdur Rahman at Tinak Khan,
near Ghazni : filled high posts as Governor
of Kabul, Kandahar and Herat : in 1870
rebelled against his father, because he
made Abdalla Jan his heir : he fled to
Kandahar and Persia and took Herat :
was reconciled with his father, and made
Governor, but was treacherously im-
prisoned, 1874-8. When Shir Ali left
Kabul, in 1878-9, Yakub became .\mir :
as .\mir he made the Treaty of Gandamak



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



463



of May 26, 1879, with Sir Louis Cavagnari
on behalf of the Governor-General, and
accepted a British Resident at Kabul. He
made no effort to protect or rescue the
British Resident, Sir Louis Cavagnari
(^.11.) and party, when they were attacked
and killed on Sep. 3, 1879 : he surrendered
to Sir F. Roberts, and, being held respon-
sible for their deaths, abdicated, after a
weak reign of 9 months : was sent down
to India on Dec. i, 1879, and kept there
as a State prisoner.

YARDLEY, SIR WILLIAM (1810-1878)

Son of Edward Yardley : born 1810 :
educated at Shrewsbury : called to the
bar from the Middle Temple : appointed
to be a Puisne Judge of the Bombay
Supreme Court, 1847 : knighted : Chief
Justice, 1852-8 : was an unsuccessful
candidate for Parliament : died Dec. 15,
187S.

YATE, ARTHUR CAMPBELL (1853- )

Born Feb. 28, 1853 : son of Rev.
Charles Yate : educated at Shrewsbury
and St. John's College, Cambridge :
entered the Army, 1875, and became
Lt-Colonel, 1982 : Bombay Staff Corps,
1879 : served in Afghan war, 1879-81 :
.\fghan Boundary Commission, 1884-5 :
Burmese war, 1886-8 : author of Lt-
€olonel John Haiighton, a Hero of Tirah ;
The Army and the Press in 1901.

YATE, CHARLES EDWARD (1849- )

Educated at Shrewsbury : entered the
Army, 1867, and became Colonel, igoi :
served in Afghan war, 1880-1 : Afghan
Frontier Commission, 1884-8 : British
Commissioner, Russian-Afghan Frontier,
1887 and 1892 : Consul-General, for
Khorasan and Seistan at Mashad, Persia,
1893-8 : Resident, Western Rajputana,
1898 : Chief Commissioner of Beluchistan,
1900-5 : C.S.I., 1887 : C.M.G., 1888.

YATES, REV. WILLIAM, D.D.

(1792-1845)

Born Dec. 15, 1792 : son of a shoemaker
at Loughborough : was a schoolmaster :
studied at Baptist College at Bristol :
ordained Aug. 31, 1814 : to India in 1815
under the Baptist Missionary Society :
joined W. Carey (q.v.) at Serampur : left
him in 1817, and established the Calcutta
Missionary Union : preached and toured :
and wrote a number of educational works.



in Bengali, Hindustani, Hindi, Sanskrit,
and Arabic : was Pastor of the English
Church, Circular Road, Calcutta, 1829-39 =
translated the Bible into Bengali :
portions of it into Sanskrit, the Psalms
into Bengali and into Sanskrit metre :
also studied the Classics, Hebrew, Chinese :
D.D. of Brown University, 1839 : died at
sea, July 3, 1845 : published also Sans-
krit and Hindustani dictionaries : and an
edition of the Sanskrit Nalodaya : Essays
in Reply to Rammohan Roy.

YEATMAN-BIGGS, ARTHUR
GODOLPHIN (1843-1898)

Maj-General : son of Harry Farr Yeat-
man : took the additional name of Biggs :
intended for the bar : entered the Royal
Artillery, i860 : in the China war, 1861-
2 : in India on the Staff : in S. Africa,
1879 : in Egypt, 1882 : A.A.G. in India,
1894 : commanded the Presidency Dis-
trict. 1895 : in the Tirah campaign, 1897,
commanded a Division which captured
the Dargai heights : died Jan. 4, 1898 : C.B.

YOUNG, ROBERT (1822-1888)

Son of George Young : born Sep. 10,
1822 : educated at private schools :
became printer and bookseller, 1847 :
studied Hebrew and Oriental languages :
was at Surat, 1856-61, as literary Mission-
ary and Superintendent of the Mission
press there : learnt Gujarati and other
Oriental languages : published the Analyti-
cal Concordance of the Bible : died Oct.
14, 1888.

YOUNG, SIR WILLIAM, BARONET

(1773-1848)

Entered the E. I. Co.'s service in Bombay :
served at Seringapatam, in Malabar, at
capture of Colombo, in the Cingalese war :
organized an efficient plan for recruiting
the Army, adopted by Government : in the
Dekkan war forwarded supplies to the
Army under Sir A. Wellesley : Baronet,
1821 : Director of the E. I. Co. : died
March 10, 1848.

YOUNG, SIR WILLIAM MACKWORTH

(1840- )

I.C.S. : son of Captain Sir Cieorge
Young, R.N. : educated at Eton and King's
College, Cambridge : Fellow : entered
the Bengal Civil Service, 1863 : Financial
Commissioner of Panjab, 1889-95 : Mem-
ber of the Governor-General's Legislative



464



DICTIONARY OF INDIAN BIOGRAPHY



Council. 1893 : Resident in Mysore,
iSi)5-7 : Lieutenant Governor of the
Panjab. 1897-1902 : C S.I., 1890 : K.C.S.I.,
189/-

YOUNGHUSBAND. SIR FRANCIS
EDWARD ilSi)3- )

Colonel : son of Maj -General John
William Younghusband : born 1863 :
joined the ist Dragoon Guards, 1882: and
Indian Staff Corps, 1889 : in 1886 travelled
through Manchuria, vid the Long White
Mountain, and Chinese Turkistan : in



Online LibraryCharles Edward BucklandDictionary of Indian biography; → online text (page 79 of 83)