1860 Dec.± * The railroad from Cape
Town to Wellington, a distance of 68
miles, is opened.
* * Work is begun on the great break-
water at Table Bay, near Cape Town.
1865 * * About 187,000 Europeans
are in the colony, and constitute 33 per
cent of the entire population.
1867 * * -70 * * The discovery of dia-
monds leads to disputes between the
free States and the natives.
600 1867, * *-1880, May *. CAPE COLONY.
ARMY — NAVY.
1872 Oct. * Cetewayo improves liis
army, which is styled by Sir Henry
Frere, ** the celibate man-slaying war-
1873* * Cape Colony. Two British
regiments of infantry, besides detach-
ments of artillery and engineers, are here
Nov. »-Deo. * Natal. The Kafirs,
under Langalibalele, their chief, rise in
an insurrection, and are suppressed.
1875 * * Transvaal. The Boers are at
war with Sikokuni, chief of the Bahedi.
1877 Sept. 24, 29. Kaffraria. Kreli,
chief of Galekas, is repulsed in an at-
tack upon the Fingoes and their Brit-
ish protectors, at Ibeka.
Oct. 9. Kaffraria. Chief Kreli is de-
feated and his kraal burned.
Dec. 2. Kaffraria. The Galekas are
defeated by the British, and driven
from their lands.
Dec. 30±. Kaffraria. The Galekas
again rise under Chief Sandilli.
1878 J&n. * Kaffraria. Cetewayo,
King of the Zulus, disturbs the English
colonists, and England is asked to send
reenforcements to the colony.
Jan. * Kaffraria. The 90th Regiment
and a battery of artillery are sent to
aid the British.
Jan. 24-26. Kaffraria. The rebels un-
der Sandilli, one of their chiefs, are de-
Feb. 7. Kaffraria. The natives are
again defeated at Quintana.
Mar. 12. Zululand. The Zulus capture
a convoy and supply-train near the
Itombi River, and kill Capt. David Mo-
Mar. 18. Zululand. Oham, a brother of
King Cetewayo, is announced as a British
ally ; he has 600 warriors with him.
Mar. 18, 19. Kaffraria. The natives
are again defeated by Gen. Thesiger,
losing 400 killed ; Capt, Donovan, Lieut.
Ward, and Capt. Shaw are also killed.
Mar. 28. Zululand. Col. Evelyn
"Wood has an engagement with the
Zulus among the Zoblani Mountains,
and suffers a heavy loss.
Mar. 29. Zululand. Col. "Wood de-
feats the Zulus at Kambula, near the
Reenforcements advance to relieve
the besieged British, who are entrenched
at Ekowe, not far from the coast.
Mar. *-May * Kaffraria. Frequent in-
decisive actions occur.
Apr. 2. Zululand. The British defeat
the natives at Ginghilovo.
Apr. 2,3. Zululand. The siege of
Ekowe is raised, and Col. Pearson
May * Eng. Sir Garnet "Wolseley sails
for Cape Colony, as governor of Natal
and commander of the British forces.
May 27. Zululand. The British report
a total loss of 1,136 killed, and 86 who
have died of disease.
June * Kaffraria. Sandilli is reported
dead, and his sons are captured by the
July 2±. Kaffraria. Amnesty is pro-
claimed to all Kafir rebels who surren-
* * Kaffi-aria. The Kafir war ends.
1879 Jan. 11. Zululand. The time
elapses for Cetewayo to surrender the
leaders of the raid, and avoid war.
Jan. 12. Zululand. The Zulu war be-
gins. It is brought on by raids into Brit-
ish territory. Lord Chelmsford, with
12,000 British, crosses the river Tugela
Jan. 21. Zululand. British under Col.
Pearson defeat Zulus under Cetewayo,
and enter Ekowe.
Jan. 22. Zululand. The Zulus, 15,000
strong, siuT)rise the British en-
trenched camp at Isandurla, on the
Blood Iliver, and kill about 837 men ;
about 2,000 Zulus are killed. Lieuts.
Chard and Bromhead finally repulse the
natives at Rorke's Drift.
Jan. 24. Zululand. Col. Evelyn Wood
repulses an attack of Zulus at Inkan-
Feb. 19 r. Eng. Troops hastily em-
beirk to reenforce the British troops
in fighting the Zulus.
Feb. * Basutoland. Chief Moiroso at-
tacks the settlers in predatory sallies
from his entrenchment in the mountain.
Mar. 11. Natal. Reenforcements 800
strong, by the Tajnar, arrive at Pieter-
maritzburg from England.
June * Eng. The Stafford House South
African Aid Committee is organized.
Jime 1. Zululand. The Zulus surprise
a British reconnoitering party, under
Capt. J. Brenton Carey, with Prince
Xjouis Napoleon acting as commander,
at Imbabani. The Prince is killed.
June 12. Zululaiul. The time men-
tioned in the British ultimatum sent
to Cetewayo expires ; it requires him to
surrender cannon, and yield a full sub-
mission to British authority.
Jime 23. Cape Colony. Sir Garnet
July 4. Zululand. About 23,000 Zulus
are totally defeated by Lord Chelms-
ford at Ulundi, the capital ; they lose
about 1,500, and the British lose 27
killed and about 53 wounded. [The war
virtually ends. Cost of the war, £4,-
Aug. 28. Zululand. M.ajor Richard
Marter captures the fugitive Cete-
Nov. 20. Basutoland. Moiroso's en-
trenchments are captured, and the chief
ART — SCIENCE — LETTERS.
1869 * * Diamonds are found at Kim-
berly. West Griqualand.
1870 Sep. • Griqualand. Rich dia-
mond-fields are discovered.
1872 * * By Act of Parliament, a public
university like that of London is es-
1878 * * A council of education is cre-
ated in Natal.
1880 Feb. 12. A great diamond is
found at Kimberley, weighing 150 carats,
and worth $300,000.
Feb. 18. A new comet is seen at the
1867 * • Natal. Impolweni becomes a
mission-station of the Free Church of
1868 Nov.* Livingstone discovers
Lake Bangweolo, or Bemba, north of
the Zambesi River.
Dec. * Natal. The clergy, having failed
to depose Bishop Colenso for unsound
doctrine, "W. R. Macrorie is sent out
as bishop to act with the clergy opposed
* * Cape' Colony. Riversdale becomes a
mission-station of the Berlin Evangel-
Dec. 31. Cape Colony. Ovambo be-
comes a mission of the Finland Society.
* • Kaffraria. The Free Church of
Scotland start a mission in Cunning-
* * Cape Colony. Mbulu becomes a mis-
sion-station of the United Presbyteri-
ans of Scotland.
* • Natal. Hoffenthal becomes a mis-
sion-station of Berlin Evangelical
1869 * * Cape Colony. East Somerset
becomes a mission-station of the United
Presbyterians of Scotland.
1870 * * Mast Griqualand. Missionary
Dower of the Iiondon Society cornea
to Koskstad, and they love him so
much that they refuse to let him go.
1871 Nov. * H.M.Stanley finds Liv-
ingstone near Lake Tanganyika (Ger-
man East Africa).
* * Zululand. A bishop of Zululand is
* * Cape Colony. Port Elizabeth be-
comes a mission-station of the Primi-
tive Methodists of England.
1872 * * Transvaal. Ha Tsevase be-
comes a mission-station of the Berlin
* * Cape Colony. Herbertedale becomes
a mission-station of the Berlin Evan-
1873 May 1. David Livingstone dies
at Ilala, near Lake Bangweolo, and is
found kneeling by his bed.
1874 • * Blantyre, near Lake Shirwa,
becomes a mission of the Established
Church of Scotland.
* ♦ Bishop Colenso goes to England to
advocate his case.
* • Natal. The Gordon Memorial, a
station of the Free Church of Scot-
land, is established by means of funds
given by the Countess of Aberdeen as a
memorial to her son, Hon. .J. H. Gordon.
1867, **-1880, May
1875 » * The Livingstonia Mission of
the Free Church of Scotland is sent
to open a mission-Held around Lake
Nyaasa and lialf way nortli to Lake
* • Griqualanil. Kimberley becomes a
mission-station of tlie Evangelical
* • Cape Colony. The State churches
are disendowed by law.
1876 * * Zulaland. Chief Cetewayo
opposes the missionaries.
1877 Dec. 13^. A mission-camp is
attacked, and all but one of the members
killed, at Lake Nyassa.
* • East Griqualanil. The Society for
the Propagation of the Gospel estab-
lishes a mission-station in Koslcstad.
1879 • * Cape Colony. Mossel Bay be-
comes a mission-station of the Berlin
* * Natal. The Swedish State Church
founds a mission at Aangeleken, to do
its chief work among the Zulus.
* * Natal. Bock fountain becomes a
mission-station of Mr. and Mrs. E. S.
1872 * * A great robbery of diamonds,
valued at over £35,000, occurs.
* *Diamond seekers shamefully op-
press the natives.
1878 Aug. 1. The colonists celebrate
the restoration of peace with Kafirs by
a day of thanksgiving.
1870 Aug. 22. The sentence declared
against Capt. Carey, for his connection
with the death of Prince Napoleon
by Zulus, is quashed.
Sept. 15. Cape Town. Cetewayo, the
Zulu chief, arrives on his way to Eng-
1880 Mar. 20±. The post-office at
Cape Town is robbed of diamonds
valued at £S0,000.
1867 * * The discovery of diamonds
leads to territorial complications ;
the tribes disputing the claims of the
* * Natal. Robert WiUiam Keate is
1868 * * Transvaal. Pretorius enlarges
the boundaries to Lake Ngami and Del-
agoa Bay. [Disputes with Portugal fol-
1870 Aug. * Sir Henry Barkly is ap-
pointed governor of the Cape of Good
XS1\ ** Transvaal. The southwest
boundary disputes are settled by arbi-
* *Ba8utoland is annexed to Cape
Colony. Population, 378 whites and 127,-
* * Griqualand is annexed.
Oct. 27. The colony of West Griqua-
land is constituted, with Kimberley for
Nov. 17. The diamond-miners luill the
unfurling of the British ilag with great
1872 Oct. 1. Zululand. Encouraged
by the English, Cetewayo, son of Um-
panda. King of the Zulus, kills his
* * Cape Town. A responsible govern-
ment is established.
1873 Nov. » -Dec. * A slight insur-
rection of Kafirs under Langalibalele
is easily suppressed.
* * Zululand. Cetewayo is recognized as
the heir of Umpanda, and enthroned.
* * Natal. Anthony Musgrave is ap-
1874 Aug. 4. Natal. Langalibalele,
the revolting chief of Natal, is sent to
Robber Island after a trial alleged to be
unjust ; others are sentenced to impris-
onment for participating in the insur-
* * Cape Colony. The colony is divided
into seven provinces for convenience in
* » Natal. Sir Benjamin C. C. Pine ia
governor of Natal.
1875 Feb. * A'ata/. Sir Garnet
Wolseley is made temporary governor.
July * The Delagoa Bay coimtry is
awarded to Portugal by Marshal Mac-
Mahon, the arbitrator.
Aug. * Natal. Langalibalele is released
Aug. * Natal. Gov. Wolseley retires
from the governorship,
Oct. 22. The Barl of Carnarvon, the
Colonial Secretary, makes the proposal
that the Cape Parliament transfer the
conference respecting a South African
Confederation to England.
Nov. 11±. Cape Town. The Cape Par-
liament debates the proposition for a
Nov. 26. Cape Town. The Cape Par-
liament is prorogued.
* » Kaffraria. The Transkei and Fin-
goland, with other parts of Kaffraria,
* * Natal. The Constitution is modified.
1876 Aug. 5. London. The delegates
to the conference respecting a South
African Confederation meet with the
Earl of Carnarvon.
* * Zululand. Cetewayo organizes
armed resistance against the British.
1877 Feb.* Cajie Town. TheMolteno
Ministry is dismissed.
Feb. 12±. Cape Town. J. Gordon
Sprigg forms a colonial Ministry.
Apr. 12. The Transvaal Republic ia
annexed to Cape Colony by the procla-
mation of Sir Theophilus Shepstone.
Sept. * Kaffraria. Disputes between the
Fingoes and Galekas lead to war.
Oct. * Kaffraria. The lands of the de-
feated chiefs of Kaffraria are annexed
by the British.
Nov. * Sir H. Bartle E. Prere is appointed
governor and lord high commissioner for
* * Transvaal. Anarchy follows a war
with the Kafirs until England inter-
* • Transvaal. Sir W. Owen Lanyon
is appointed British administrator.
1^78 July 2. Cape Toicn. The Kafir
war having ended, the governor an-
nounces that amnesty will be granted
July * Zulus make a raid into British
Sept. * Natal. Sir H. Ernest Bulwer
Dec. * Zululand. Cetewayo, King of the
Zulus, refuses to give up the principal
raiders. Gov. Bartle Frere sends an
ultimatum, demanding the surrender of
the offenders within 30 days. (The Zulu
* * Natal. The laws of the Zulus are
modified, and reduced to writing.
1879 May* Natal — Transvaal. Sir
Garnet W^olseley is governor.
June 28±. Natal. Governor Wolseley
is sworn in as high commissioner at
Pietermaritzburg, the capital.
July 12 + . Natal. Governor W^olseley
receives the Zulu chiefs.
Sept. 1. Natal. A treaty is signed with
the Zulu chiefs, by which Natal is
divided into 13 districts, over each of
which a chief is appointed, with a gov-
ernor resident over all, and a local resi-
dent in each ; the lands are to be
reserved for the British, and John
Dunn is to be chief.
* * Natal lias representative government.
Dec. * Transvaal. A u insurrection
breaks out against the British.
1880 May* Natal. Sir George Pome-
roy Colley becomes governor.
1869 Feb. * Fire sweeps over a large
1870 Mar. 11. Moshesh, chief of the
July 12. Cape Toim. The Duke of Ed-
inburgh inaugurates the new harbor,
breakwater, and docks.
1872 * * The diamond-mines are re-
Sept. 1. Robert Gray, bishop of Cape
Sept. 11. Makomo, a Kafir chief, dies.
1876 * * Cape Town. The Government
votes to appropriate £5,000 sterling
for the construction of four tanmk-
Unes of railroads.
1877 Apr. 5. Cape Town. Sir H.
Bartle E. Frere opens an exhibition.
1879 Aug. 23. Telegraph connec-
tion is made with Europe by way of
Natal and Mozambique.
Dec. 25. Cape Town. The first tele-
gram is received by the new line which
completes connection with England. It
is sent by the Queen to Sir H. Bartle
Dec. 29. Cape Town. The telegraph
line is opened for the public.
602 1880, June 20-1890, ** CAPE COLONY.
ARMY — NAVY.
1880 June* Basutoland. War is
waged against the Basutos near the
bead waters of the Orange River, be-
cause they have attacked the settlers,
and refuse to give up their arms.
June * Basutoland . The chiefs who sur-
render are attacked by those who re-
bel against the colonists.
Sept. 13. Basutoland. The chiefs carry
the war against the colonists.
Sept. 21. Basutoland. Col. Carrington
defeats the rebel chief Lerothodi in an
attack on Mafeling.
Oct. 19. Basutoland. Col. Clarke re-
lieves tbe colonists besieged at Mafe-
ling, after a hot fight.
Oct. 22. Basutoland. The colonists
storm the village of Chief licrotholdi,
and scatter bis army.
Oct. 31. Basutoland. Col. Clarke storms
the defenses of Moletsane.
Oct. * Basutoland. Magistrate Hope is
treacherously murdered by Chief Uni-
hlonhlo, with other colonists.
Nov. 12. Basutoland. The defeat of
Umhlonhlo is announced.
Dec. 21. Basutoland. The natives are
utterly defeated by colonists under
1881 Jan. 10-14±. Basutoland. Col.
Carrington defeats tbe natives in sev-
Feb. 18-24. Basutoland. The colonists
grant an armistice.
Mar. 26. Basutoland. The war is re-
newed, and Col. Carrington is woiuided.
Apr. 16±. Basutoland. The Basutos are
severely defeated. [May* Makepeace.]
July 30±. Zululand. John Dxmn sup-
presses a revolt.
Sept.* Basutoland. Chief M.a8upha
submits to the colonists.
Dec. * Zululand. Order is restored.
1882 Oct.* Basutoland. Chief Masu-
pha again vexes the settlers.
* * Basutoland. Gren. Charles G. Gor-
don (Chinese Gordon) resigns his mil-
itary appointment to South Africa.
Dec. * Basutoland. Order is restored.
1883 Apr. 25. Zululand. It is re-
ported that King Cetewayo has a con-
flict with the chiefs.
May 16. Zululand. It is announced
that Cetewayo is defeated by Chief
Oham with the aid of others.
May * Basutoland. The fighting chiefs
July 20. Basutoland. Chief Usibepu
attacks Cetewayo at Ulundi, and defeats
Aug. 16. Zululand. Cetewayo defeats
Usibepu in a great battle.
Nov. * Zululand. Chief Usibepu is de-
feated by tbe other chiefs.
1884 Jan. 31+. Zululand. Chief
Zibedu defeats Chief Usutus.
Mar. 15, 16. Basutoland. Jonathan
defeats Joel in a bloody battle.
Mar. 23. Basutoland. Chiefs Khelisa,
Alasuplia, and Lerothodi fight each
Mar. * -May * Zululand. Natives con-
tinue their fighting.
June 14. Basutoland. The Boers de-
feat Chief Usibepu, and Chief Usutus
becomes a fugitive.
Nov. ♦ Bechuanaland. A force is organ-
ized to subdue the Dutch freebooters.
1886 Oct. 20. Cape Colony. The Pon-
dos Invade Xesibeland.
Dec. 9. Cape Colony. Order is restored
1888 June 2. Zuhiland. The police
and military punish the cattle thieves.
July 2. Zululand. The revolt led by
Ishingana is suppressed hy a severe
July 11. Zululand. The revolt of
Dinizulu is announced.
Aug. 1. Zululand. It is announced that
Somkeli, the revolting chief, submits.
Aug. 10. Zululand. Chief Dinizulu
leads about 1,000 revolting natives with
their cattle into the Transvaal Territory.
Aug. 29. Zululand. It is announced
that tbe revolt of Dinizulu is ended.
Sept, * Transvaal. Dinizulu surren-
ders to the authorities.
Sept. 19. Zululand. Chief Undabuko,
the uncle of Dinizulu, surrenders.
Sept. 27. Zululand. Undabuko is
brought to trial.
Nov. 12. Zululand. Ishingana, a re-
volting chief, surrenders.
Nov. * Zululand. Dinizulu surrenders
to tbe British.
Nov. 22. Zululand. Somhlolo, con-
victed of high treason, is sentenced to
imprisonment and bard labor for five
Dec. 1. Zululand, Other chiefs are
convicted of high treason, and sentenced.
1889. Apr. 27. Zululand. The re-
volting chiefs are sentenced to im-
prisonment,— Dinizulu 10 years, Unda-
buko 15 years, Ishingana to 12 years.
ART — SCIENCE — LETTERS.
1883 * ♦ Zululand. The translation of
the Scriptures into the Zulu language
is completed by the missionaries of the
1884 Mar. 27. Griqualand. The "Vic-
toria" diamond, weighing 302 carats, is
found at Kimberley.
1886 Sept. 26. A new comet is discov-
ered at the Cape observatory by Mr.
1881 Aug. 20. A^atal. John Mer-
cer arrives at Durban, and proceeds to
the Garenganze mission in Central Af-
rica, having a climate favorable to Eu-
ropeans. [A station at Bih€ is also
* * Fr. Mr. and Mrs. Coillard organize
the Evangelical Mission of the Paris So-
ciety on the Upper Zambesi.
1882 * * Zululand. A mission is opened
at Shlobane by the Hermannsbiu'g
* * Kaffrarla. Malan becomes a mission-
station of the United Presbyterians of
1883 * * Cape Colony. liaingsburg be-
comes a mission-station of the Berlin
* * Zululand. The Scriptures are trans-
lated into Zulu.
1884 * * Cape Colony. Somervitte be-
comes a mission-station of the Free
Church of Scotland,
1885 * * Cape Colony, "Worcester be^
comes a mission-station of the Society
for the Propagation of the Gospel.
* * Mambunda Country. Mr. and Mrs,
Coillard start an evangelical mission at
Sesheke, Upper Zambesi.
1886 * * Mambunda Country. Tbe Evan-
gelical Mission open a station at Sefulu,
1888 * * Cape Colony. Goederwacht
becomes a mission-station of the Mora-
1882* *Aug. 3. Eng. Cetewayo
Aug. 9. Eng. Cetewayo visits TV^. E.
Gladstone, tbe premier..
Aug. 14. Eng. Cetewayo is received
by the Queen.'
Aug. 16. Eng. Cetewayo is received
by the Prince of Wales.
* * Cape Colony. The half-castes are
called Griquas, and are active, vigor-
ous, enterprising, and courageous, and
much superior to the aborigines.
* * CapeColony. Hottentots are but
slightly civilized, and preserve tribal re-
lations in the remote western sections
where they abound.
* * Cape Colony. Bushmen are a dimin-
utive people of light yellowish-brown
complexion, and inhabit the western
part of the country.
1886 * * Gold-seekers outnumber the
Boers in Transvaal.
1890* * Kaffraria, "The social con-
dition of the natives is very bad, owing
to their poverty and their use of intoxi-
cating liquors." (Encyc. of Missions.)
Sept. 17. Cape Colony. A Portuguese
steamer loaded with kidnapped na-
tives arrives at Cape Town on its way
from Mozambique to the west coast.
* * Bechuanaland, Great changes have
been produced by the missionaries in
the costume, houses, customs, and re-
ligion of the people.
* * Bechuanaland. The Bechuanas are
a people of fine physique, which is main-
tained by getting rid of the feeble and
* * Bechuanaland. Young men and
women are subjected to severe physi-
cal tests before they are declared " men "
and " women ; " the dead are buried with
their face due north, whence came their
CAPE COLONY. 1880, June 20-1890,
* * Natal. The Zulus believe in witch-
craft, demons, and ancestral spirits.
* * Polygamy prevails in Central Afrio.i,
there being no limit to the number of
There is no law to forbid the marriage
of near relatives. Women are really
servants, and with the slaves do all the
domestic labor, leaving the men free for
feats of arms.
1880 June 24+. Cape Town. The As-
sembly rejects the Government's plan
for a conference of delegates to promote
Aug. 1. Sir Bartle E. Frere, Governor
and Lord High Commissioner, is re-
Aug. 21. London. Sir Hercules G. E.
Robinson is appointed high commis-
1881 Feb. 27. Natal. Sir George
Pomeroy Colley , the governor, Is killed
in battle at Majuba Hill.
Mar. 21. Transvaal. A treaty of
peace is signed.
May 6, 7. Cape Town. The Sprigg
Ministry resigns ; another Ministry is
formed by Messrs. Scanlen and Mol-
July 11+. Eng. The Queen refuses the
petition of Cetewayo, as king, to be re-
stored to his dominion.
Aug. 8. Transvaal. A republic is es-
tablished by Hoer-s, by a vote of tlie
Volksraad ; Peter J. Joubert i.s the first
Sept.* Zululand. Gen. Sir Evelyn
"Wood make-s impc^rtant changes.
Nov. * Natal. "Walter J. Sendall is
Nov. * Natal. The colonists are disaf-
fected toward the governor.
T}ea.* Natal. Sir Henry E. G. Bulwer
is nominated governor.
1882 Mar. 4. Natal. Governor Bul-
Aug. • Eng. The Government consents
to Cetewayo's partial restoration to
Oct. * Basutoland is again disturbed by
Dec. • Basutoland. Peace prevails.
1883 Jan. 29. Zululand. The resto-
ration of Cetewayo as king of the
Zulus is proclaimed at Ulunili.
Feb. * Basutoland. The Government
gramts self-government to the natives.
June! • Basutoland. The British re-
sume a conditional government over
July 27. Cape Town. The Parliament
approves the agreement made by the
Ministers with the Basutos.
* • Transvaal. S. J. Paul Kruger is
elected president of Transvaal, now a
republic under the " suzerainty '* of
Oct. 16. Natal. Cetewayo surrenders
himself to the British, and is taken to
Nov. 5. Natal. Cetewayo is removed
to Ekowe in Zululand.
Dec. 8. Basutoland. The Basuto
chiefs, with the exception of Joel, ac-
cept the British proposal.
1884 Jan. 27, 28. Zululand. Cete-
wayo escapes, and is recaptured.
Feb. 27. London. A conventionis
held which recognizes the South Afri-
can Hepublic as a State, and restricting
the Queen's suzerainty.
May 7. Cape Town. A Ministerial crisis
ensues: the Ministry resigns, and an
Upington Ministry succeeds it.
May 21. The Boers crown Dinizulu
king of the Zulus ; he pledges his fidel-
ity to the British.
Aug.* Bechuanaland. The Dutch
party force Mr. Mackenzie, the British
resident, to resign, and he is succeeded
by CecU Khodes.
Sept. * Filibustering Boers seize [and
hold for a short time] the British terri-
tory of Montsioa.
Oct. * The Ministry is committed to the
use of Imperial troops in suppressing
Oct. * Bechuanaland. The Imperial gov-
ernment appoints Sir Charles "Warren
as special commissioner.
Dec* Zululand. The British raise the
flag of Great Britain in St. Lucia's Bay.
• *Namaqualand, with the only harbor
on the neighboring coast at "Walfisch
Bay, is annexed to Cape Colony.
1885 Jan. 29. Bechuanaland. Com-
missioner "Warren comes to an agree-