Charles F. (Charles Force) Deems.

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the fire. The troops of Sabinus broke into the Temple and plun-
dered the sacred treasures; but the Jews, furious at these outrages,
continued the siege.

Meanwhile disbanded troops of Herod roamed over the coun-
try plundering and ravaging. The people were driven about,
and many of the villages were destroyed. The
utmost confusion prevailed in Jerusalem and in the
rural districts. Yarns, the prefect of Syria, marched to the relief of
Sabinus with a great force. The insurgents laid down their arms ;
two thousand were crucified, and the others sent to Rome for trial.
Notwithstanding the influence brought to bear against him,
Archelaus succeeded in securing from Augustus so much of a
confirmation of his father Herod's will as to make
him not king indeed over the whole country, but
etlmarch of Judaea, Idumsea, and Samaria, one-
half of that which had been subject to Herod. Archelaus was
also promised the royal dignity if he should govern so as to
deserve it. He retained also the chief cities of Jerusalem, Se-
baste, Cresarea, and Joppa. His income was six hundred talents.*
Upon his return he seemed disposed in some measure to conciliate
the Jews. The only act of his, however, which had much con-
cern with their history, was his displacement of Joazar, whom
Herod had made high-priest after the affair of the Eagle, and
the substitution of Eleazar, Joazar's brother. Rut his general
course was tyrannous towards Jews and Samaritan?, and the
hatred of the Jews for him was increased by his violation of their
law. Glaphyra was his sister-in-law, having been the wife of his
brother Alexander. After his father Herod had killed him, Gla-
fphyra married Juba, king of Lydia, and when he died Archelaus
divorced his wife Mariainne and married Glaphyra. She had had
three children Iry his brother Alexander, which made it offensive
to the Jewish law for Archelaus to marry her. The Jewish people
made sufficient interest in Rome to cause Archelaus to be recalled'



* A shekel, in the times of Josephus,
from whom we have the statements iu the
t.'xt, was worth about 70 cents in gold,
and 3,000 shekels being to a talent, the



talent was worth about $2,100; and
the income of Archelaus must hava
been about $1,SG0,000 in gold.



PUBLIC AFFAIRS DURING THE CHILDHOOD OF JESUS. 61

and examined. The result was that Augustus stripped him of his
rule, at the end of ten years after his appointment, took away his
money, and banished him to Yienne, in Gaul, where he died, tho
year unknown.

In the meantime the excited state of the public mind rendered
it possible for many pretenders and impostors to palm themselves
upon the people and add to the general troubles and perplexities.
One case was notable.

There was in the city of Si don a young man, by birth a Jew,

who had been educated by a Roman freedman. His resemblance

to Alexander, one of the sons of Herod whom he

had slain, was so striking that many were ready

7 ° . . exander.

to attest that he was Alexander. Discovering

this he turned it to his own account, and united with "an ill man "
who had great cunning. The story put forth was, that lie was the
real Alexander, brother of Aristobulus, and that those whom
Herod sent to destroy him had actually saved him and his brother,
slaying other men in their stead. In Crete and in Melos tho
Jews believed him the true Alexander, and gave him much
money. lie had the audacity to go to Home. The Jews of that
city, learning that he was coming, went out to meet him, brought
him in a royal litter through the streets, and adorned him with
ornaments at their own expense. There was great joy at what
they supposed a special providence. So great a stir did this make
that the report reached Augustus, who sent for this pseudo-
Alexander and his accomplice. The emperor soon detected the
imposture. The Prince Alexander had Lived in his palace, and
Augustus knew his physique. This man's hands and body had
all the roughness which belongs to a laboring man, while Alex-
ander's had had the Bmoothness of those who are reared delicately
in kings' 1 palaces. So Augustus took the young man aside and
told him of the discovery, and that he thought the plan too deep
to bave been concocted by one so young, and dial if he
reveal his accomplices his life Bhould be spared. Lie did.

was put to the galleys and his accomplice was put to i' Pilate is lost. Of his early history we have
no authentic information. There is a German legend which rep-
resents him as the bastard son of Tyrus, king of Mayence. The

story further goes that having been guilty of a murder in Pome,
whither his father had sent him as a hostage, he was sent into
Pontus, where, having subdued certain barbarous tribes, he
to honor, received the mime of Pontius, and' was senl as procura-
tor to -luda-a. But his name may indicate t lint he was ren, quos xyne-



» vnc.Mit. legendos esse, quorum oon-
sttio ci rpublioa Bdministraretoz.* 1
j AnL t xiv. 'J, g i.



70 TIIE BIETII AND CHILDHOOD OF JESUS.

tion existed between the Council of Moses and the Sanhedrim
Our reception of this number is to be based upon the tradition
of the Jews, which has its probability increased by the sug-



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