Charles F. (Charles Force) Deems.

Who was Jesus? online

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Arch of Wilson, at Jerusalem (p. 528). — This is an arch on the west of the
temple area wall, opposite the Double Gate of the Chain. It is an arched room
which has been lined with cement or plaster, and used as a cistern, in some age
later than that of its first construction. Exploration shows that the stones of the
walls of this room, which were traced to a depth of forty-four feet below the
spring of the arch, are of stones similar to those in the upper part of the wall of
the Harem at the "Jews' wailing-place. " The chamber is now filled \ip with
stones and rubbish nearly forty feet, on the top of which the cement is laid.
There are several other smaller arched chambers in the same vicinity, which were
used in their day for stores or for water.

jERicrro (p. 536). — There are three distinct localities at Jericho which claim
our attention as the sites referred to in ancient history. The village of Er Paha
is of least interest among the three, and can scarcely date before the Crusades,
unless it may be one of the places mentioned in the book of Joshua, perhaps Gil-
gal, Jericho of Joshua's time would then have been at the Elisha Fountain,


now called Ain es Sultan ; and the Jericho of the New Testament lime at the
foot of the hills where the brook Cherith, now Wady Kelt, enters the plain. The
name in the Hebrew means a fragrant place, and the abundance of flowering
shrubs in the rainy season even now gives some color to the title. Josephus de-
scribes it as surrounded by gardens, orchards, and palm-groves in his day, and
says that it is not easy to light on any climate equal to it. The Romans held it
as an important town, and Herod fortified it, naming the fort Cyprus, after his
mother, and a town after his brother Phasrelus. He is also said to have built a
new town a little north, in the same plain, which was also named Phasadis.
Vespasian made it the head of a toparchy. It was destroyed during the siege of
Jerusalem. The ruins are mostly foundations and heaps of rubbish, which
have been quite extensively examined lately without yielding any valuable

Six miles across the plain, on the west bank of the Jordan, are the ruins of
what is now called " The Jews' Castle," an old monastery of the time of the Cru-
sades. It was once a grand pile of well-built cloisters and chapel, and is now
quite an interesting ruin. The vaults are large and roomy, and would make ex-
cellent store-houses, if there was anything there to store. What little grain that
is raised in the plain is carried away by the farmers, who live among the hills,
where the climate is cooler, as soon as it is harvested.

JERUSALEM (p. 544). — The view of the city from Olivet looking over the
" Garden of Gethsemane" is the finest, showing the city to its best advantage.
At that distance it is a beautiful sight, with its domes, towers, walls, well-
built convents, and English church. A nearer inspection reveals the utter
neglect of streets and of the walls of houses fronting on the streets. The only
pleasant places in the city are in the court-yards of houses, or in the square be-
fore the English consulate and church, and in the Temple area. The streets ore
all narrow, and in many places arched over or shaded with awnings or mats, and
rv badly paved or not paved at all. The rain makes a torrent in the mid-
dle of the way, and no one takes the trouble to clean the street, Btreet-sweeping
being unheard of.

The city is small, measuring a mile and a half by three-quarters, but there is
scarcely a place in the world which has given scholars and investigators so much
severe labor with, so little result. It is almost completely an enigma, after so
many years of the must careful exploration. The descriptions of the . There were gardens and sepulchres near, and now (and probably also there
were anciently) there are rock tombs of great extent and magnificence of design
uid finish, which give an idea of the wealth and splendor of the ancient Jews.

7. And, finally, there is no other spot that claims equal attention or respect.

CAPERNAUM (p. 702). See page 1GS.— The ruin at Tell Hum, which stands
uear the water edge, is evidently a building of a later age than the srynag
whose ruins are on the hill higher up. The view from near this spot is veij
There are a great many thorns ami thistles here, which make it almost impossible
to move about, where once there wer> dj of a busy, proud population.

Restored view of Jerusalem (p. 701'.

UnPA COIN (p. 709). — This bronze coin, or medal, was found at Urfa, Pyrin,
and may possibly date as early as the fourth or fifth century A.D. The inscrip-
tion indicates a Christian origin, "Jesus Christ, king of kings." . The sp<

• Dgraved was loaned to the designer by Rev. '!. B. Nutting, missionary of
the A. R C. F. M. at 1'ifa.

OLIVET (p. 710). — The mountain on the oast of Jerusalem Is between two and
three hundred feet higher than the city, is more than a mile long from north to
BOuth, and is divided into four summits, which are named, beginning at the


north, 1. Mount of the Men of Galilee (Viri Galilei); 2. Ascension Mount; 3.
Mount of the Prophets; 4. Mount of Offence.

During the middle ages the mount was dotted all over with chapels or monu-
ments of some kind, marking the localities selected as the sites of interesting
events recorded in Scripture, and these are now still in use, or their former lo-
cation is known and pointed out. The "ascension" is commemorated by a
chapel on the summit, nearly opposite to the Temple site ; but this is merely a
monkish tradition, and the true site of the ascension cannot be determined
beyond the one important allusion in the text, which says that it was " as far as
to Bethany" (Luke xxiv. 50), and therefore must have been somewhere on the
eastern slope of Olivet. The view includes all that can be seen of the mountain
from a point pear the road to Mar Saba, north-east of the Arab village Beit Sa-
hur. The south-east comer of the Temple site just appears in the left side of
the picture, to mark the position of the city of Jerusalem, and the site of Beth-
any is but a short distance to the right of the large tree, hidden behind a ridge.



Under this title we publish from the pen of Rev. C. F. Deems,
LL. D., of the " Church of the Strangers," New York, a book that we
venture to assert luill sell in every Christian family in the land, if
properly presented. It is a large octavo volume of 756 pages, illustrated
with an ideal head of Jesus, after Guercino's " Ecce Homo," engraved
on steel, in aqua tint, by W. G. Jackman, Map of Palestine in the time
of Christ, Map of Jerusalem, and 65 engravings on wood, drawn by
the celebrated traveller-artist, A. L. Rawson, and engraved by Linton,
Filmer, and other equally well known engravers ; most of the illustra-
tions being full page. The book is printed on extra calendered paper
of excellent quality and weight, substantially bound in attractive
covers, and together making a volume equal to the best efforts of the
book makers' art.

It is a work which completes the bulwark of Christian defence
against its new and most dangerous foe, so insidiously clothed in the
garb of philosphy, and seductively disguised in the language of reason-
No Christian can afford to be without the knowledge therein con-
tained, as he will find in its pages, reasons from which his own faith
will be confirmed, and weapons of defence that will enable him to re-
sist and defeat the sceptical objections of unbelievers. In answering
the question ' ; ]Mio ivas Jesus f" the gifted author has in a scholarly, pa-
tient and exhaustive analysis of the life, works and character of Jesus,
bestowed the same treatment, the same laws of evidence and methods
of deduction, adopted by Strauss and Renan to his subject, and
arrived at a conclusion far different; rationally if not rationalistically
proving that Jesus was the Christ. Clergymen, students and others
can do a great work for Christianity and at the same time make good
financial returns for themselves, by writing the publisher for an agency
and terms. The price of the Book is $3.50 in cloth binding, ink and
gold stamp, 55-°° m morocco, gilt edge, payable always on delivery
of a perfect copy of the book.

BROWN & DERBY, Publishers,

21 Park Place, New York,

717 Sansom St., Philadelphia, Pa.,

12 Wai.kkr Block, Detroit, Mich.,

200 Main St., Room 9 Cincinnati, O.
82 Supkrioii St., Cleveland, .,
79 Si a 1 1. Si ., Rochestei , N. Y.

We could fill pages with reviews. It has had the praise of scholars and
plain people. From the large number of notices on hand we ex-
tract the following:

" The civilized world has been rejoicing over another anniversary of the birth
of the peasant of Galilee. The question naturally arises ; who was he, that his
coming should excite the race for so many ages? Others whose advent is remem
bered and rejoiced in, were of our stock and by their qualities endeared themselves
to their kind or by some deeds have left a legacy that has enriched others, so that
society yearly acknowledges the debt it owes to them. Washington is honored
with a national holiday at each return of his birth date. Our children asked who
he was and why the world halts in memory of his appearing, making joy over his
coming into life. He gave himself to the nation, is the explanation. — He led the
faint hope of the colonists until it fruited in facts. He is the Father of his country
and in gratitude it acknowledges his merit. It requires the Life of Washington to
explain the celebration of his birthday. Christmas is understood only in the Life
of Christ. That biography has been preserved for us by four recorders, each of
whom had his view of the subject of his sketch. Agreeing as they do in the main,
they differ in their accounts naturally ; in such ways as those equally truthful will
relate the same senses of facts. Out of this variety in the manner and method of
the four Evangelists arises the room for, and value of Harmonies of the Gospel.
Commentaries, and what are called lives of Jesus. By study and manifold views of
the one Lord, combining them in one account, arranging events chronologically,
explaining their relations, much help has been given to a proper understanding of
the history of the crucified. Alas, that some have sought only for evidences that he
was a mere man ; solving the questions as to his influence, the atmosphere of won-
der about him, and his continuous effect upon the ages, on natural grounds. Rev.
Charles F. Deems, D.D., LL.D., of New York, starting out with the memorablia
of the acts and words of Jesus, accepting them as true as any genuine history,
using them as any reliable records should be used, attempts to find the answer to
the question at the head of this article, and gives the result in the book mentioned
below. The method of the author is clear, honest, devout. He believes there is
something outside of the Universe we know ; that the supernatural may reveal
tself by a life, a voice, a miracle. He gathers the hints in what Jesus said and
did as to who he must have been. So man)'- of our readers know the learning, the
eloquence of the author that they will be glad to have their attention called to
his greatest book and one that deserves a chief place in every religious library." —
Independent Methodist. — Baltimore, Dec. 30, 1880.

Who Was Jesus?— By Rev. Charles F. Deems, D.D. LL.D., Pastor of the
Church of the Strangers ; Author of the " Home Altar," " Weights and Wings,"
etc. J. Howard Brown, Publisher, No. 21 Park Place. This is the title of a
large octavo volume of seven hundred and fifty-six pages. It is, especially, not
a Life of Christ, but an examination into the testimonies of the Evangelists con-
cerning Jesus. The book is an exhaustive analysis of Christ's life, works and
character. The four Gospels were written originally in Greek and the Palestin-
ian Aramaic, sometimes called Hebrew. As all of the autographs have perished,
it is no surprise to find discrepancies in the copies prepared by stealth, in defiance
of the severe penalties ordained by Diocletian. Constantine, in 328 A. D., or-
dered Eusebius to prepare fifty copies of the Scriptures to be written out. One
of these venerable copies is the valuable property of the Czar of Russia. It is
called the Codex Sinaiticus, from the convent on Mt. Sinai where it was found.

Online LibraryCharles F. (Charles Force) DeemsWho was Jesus? → online text (page 76 of 77)