Charles Frederick Holder.

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from one to two blocks away. Every
modern convenience that skill or sci-
ence could invent or suggest has been
incorporated in the hotel to add com-
fort and enjoyment to its patrons. The
genial, homelike spirit that pervades
the establishment is proverbial of
Mormon hospitality. Strangers can
rely upon being treated with the ut-

yet almost at the verge of the hand-
some residence portion of the city,
where the larger proportion of Salt
Lake's representative citizens reside.
The "Grand" is well worthy of its
name, and its favorable situation
makes it deservedly popular with the
traveling public.

The recent completion and dedica-
tion of the Mormon Temple marks an
important epoch in the history of the
people of that particular faith. From
the inscription on a beautiful art win-
dow of one of its upper rooms, we learn
that the corner-stone was laid April 6th,
1 8 53» by President Brig-ham Young and
his Counsellors, Heber C. Kimball and
Willard Richards. Forty years later,


most courtesy, and the most inquisitive
may here obtain all requisite informa-
tion concerning almost anything per-
taining to Utah.

While on the subject of hotels, we
must not overlook the "Grand." It
is located on First South Street, in
close proximity to the business center,
on two car lines, and only two blocks
east of Main street. Its large, wellr
kept lawns and beautiful shade trees
give the place the air and appear-
ance of an elegant private residence,
which offers a pleasant domicile to its
patrons, convenient to business, and

April 6th, 1893, the Temple was dedi-
cated by President Wilford Woodruff,
and his Counsellors, George Q. Can-
non and Joseph F. Smith. There are
at present three other Temples in the
Territory — one at Logan, one at St.
George and the other at Manti ; but
none of these, nor any former ones
erected by the Mormons, approach the
splendor and magnificence of the Salt
Lake Temple. The exterior is of
granite and the building covers an
area of 21,850 feet. The figure of the
Angel Morini, surmounting the cen-
tral east tower, is twelve feet, five and



one-half inches in height. Numerous
electric lights are placed on each of
the six towers. It is impossible in
this brief description to give one an idea
of the exquisite beauty or the ingenu-
ity and completeness of the appoint-
ments of the interior of the Temple
with its grand stairways and mar-
ble floors ; its baptismal font, sup-
ported by twelve life size oxen; its
rich and costly furnishings, magnifi-
cent chandeliers and oil paintings ;
its Grecian columns, colossal, triple
mirrors and jeweled windows. Hy-
draulic elevators in two of the
west towers carry passengers to the
various floors, and are in keeping with
all the other elegant appointments of
the Temple. The afternoon preceding
the dedication day, invitations were
issued to thousands of prominent
Gentile citizens and their friends to
inspect the interior, and those who
availed themselves of the courtesy of
the Church, will never cease to con-
gratulate themselves that the oppor-
tunity was afforded them of viewing
such an enchanting scene. It was the
one and only time that any one outside
the faith will ever gaze on the interior
of this, to the Mormons, Holy of

Our space permits but a casual

allusion to the numerous home indus-
tries. Manufacturers in the East are
waking up to the fact that we have
enormous quantities of raw materials
for manufacturing purposes, and it
looks as though the next few years
would place Utah in the front rank as
a manufacturing center. There are
many of them, and they are generally
quite successful, some of them paying
to their stockholders substantial divi-
dends. Outside ot our smelters and
refineries, there are manufactories of
all the ordinary articles of apparel and
utility. There are also good job-print-
ing offices and lithographic establish-





ments, and plenty of wide awake daily
and weekly newspapers. An art
glass factory turning out some of the

handsomest designs to be seen in any
part of the United States has been
established. There are tanneries and
furniture manufactories, paper mills,
and the finest roller flouring mills, turn-
ing out all grades of flour from which
crackers are made. There are good
breweries, manufacturing beer from
Utah malt and hops ; wagon, carriage
and machine shops, as well as brass
and iron founderies, capable of turn-
ing out anything from a crow bar to a
steam engine. Natural gas has been
discovered several miles north of the
city, and will in the near future serve
its purpose in supplying cheap light
and fuel both for domestic and manu-
facturing purposes. Nearly all the
wells sunk indicate enormous pressure.
The gas escapes with a great roar,
and when ignited throws a flame forty
feet in circumference and as high as
125 feet in the air. The American
Natural Gas Company has secured
franchises and is preparing to pipe
the gas into the city. The many


Vol. IV— 18












good nurseries, producing fruit, shade
and ornamental trees and other plants
are a feature of no little importance
among our industries.

As Salt Lake City is more or less
dependent on all industries, not only
of those prosecuted within her own
limits, but also of the tributary coun-
try, it will be interesting to note the
agricultural progress of the Territory.
Farming is carried on much the same
as in the East, with the advantage of
irrigation, which relieves the farmer
of all anxiety as to the probability of
rain to freshen his crops. There is
never any danger of drought, and an
official analysis shows that the irriga-
tion streams of the Territory contain
a higher percentage of nitrogen com-
pound (the essential element of plant
food) than does rain. This will par-
tially account for the immense yields
on irrigated lands.

Every variety of agricultural prod-
ucts of temperate regions thrive here,
and many of those of the semi-tropical,
developing to surprising size and per-
fection. There are immense fertile
districts or valleys in Utah, where the
plow has never entered, which only
await the arrival of railroads and irri-
gation to develop them. The agri-

cultural, stock-raising and manufac-
tured products find a market in several




CITY and COUNTY mn.niNC.

vStates and Territories. There are few
of the necessaries of life that cannot be
raised or manufactured here.


The matter of education in Salt
Lake City has been given the thought-
ful consideration consistent with the
importance of the subject. The Salt
Lake City Board of Education was
elected in July, 1890, pursuant to
a statute of the previous March,
consolidating the city into a single
school district, and providing for
the election of two members of the
Board of Education created by the
law, from each of the five precincts in
the city. The Mayor was ex-officio
President of the Board. The work of
education the first year consisted in
classifying the pupils, grading their
work and establishing rules of pro-
cedure. The schoolroom accommoda-
tions were found to be lamentably
deficient. The former system, which
had laid the city off into twenty-two
separate and independent school dis-
tricts, had resulted in the building of
small structures for the schools, and
the accumulation therein of compara-
tively few of the school population.



In many of these schools tuition
fees were charged. Naturally the
school work was not as good as
was desirable ; but improvements
were constantly made, so that by
the close of the first school year
the people were a unit in approval
of the good work done by the
Board. $600,000 was placed at the
disposal of the board in the latter
part of 1 89 1. The greatest part of
this has been expended on the
development of the educational
department of the city. In every
district new, commodious and mod-
ern schoolhouses have replaced old
ones, or are now in process of con-
struction. Each scholar is furnished
with all necessary books at the city's
expense. It is in every sense of the
word a free school system. The high
school is equipped with a well-selected
library and with the advantages the
school possesses it is only the industry
and proficiency of the student that
regulates his promotion from the pre-



paratory department to the senior
graduating class of the high school.

In addition to the above enumeration
we have the University of Deseret,
accessible to all students of both sexes
over fourteen years of age. Here m ay
be received an education equal to that
of any of the State universities in the
country. It also embraces a mining
department, a school for deaf mutes,
an extensive library,
an art gallery and
various other auxilia-
ries. The languages
are given special at-

All Hallow's Col-
lege and St. Mary's
Academy for boys, and
vSt. Mary's Academy
for girls, were founded
and are maintained by
the Catholic Church.
Their respective
courses include every
thing from the prepar-
atory to the collegiate,
besides bookkeeping,
shorthand and stenog-
rapliy. Gymnastics
and calisthenics are
other features of im-

The L a 1 1 e r - D a y
Saints College, main-
tained by the Mor-
mons, the Salt Lake
Academy by the Con-



gregationalists, Salt Lake Seminary by
the Methodists, Collegiate Institute by
the Presbyterians, St. Mark's and Row-
land Hall, a first-class boarding school
for girls, also admitting day scholars
and controlled by the Episcopal
Church, form, with those previously
mentioned, a combination affording
unsurpassed facilities for acquiring a
first-class education. There are
also kindergartens, manual training
schools, two commercial colleges,
besides numerous private schools.
The Sunday schools are noted for their
excellence and efficiency.

In addition to the Deseret Museum,
there are the Deseret University
Library, the Pioneer (one of the largest
in the city,) Odd Fellow's, Firemen's
and Salt Lake Free Libraries, em-
bracing a choice collection of literature
and a law library. All these are free,
or accessible to responsible subscribers.

The Utah Normal College and Con-
servatory of Music, now in course of
erection at South Brighton, a beauti-
ful suburb of Salt Lake City, is a non-
sectarian Normal Training School and



Conservatory of Music for Utah and
the inter-mountain country.
The Board of Directors are Dr.
R. A. Hasbrouck, President ;
J. C. Wolfe, Vice-President ;
J. W. Newbern, Secretary and
Treasurer ; \V. T. Eddingfield,
Principal of the Normal Col-
lege, and C. F. Stayner, Direc-
tor of the Conservatory. The
building will be the largest and
handsomest structure devoted
to educational purposes west of
St. Louis. It will be built of
Utah stone and brick. In
dimensions the college will be

|| .. 248 feet front, 133 feet in depth,
'fcj and four stories rising to a
H height of sixty-five feet, with
a central spire ninety-six feet in
t : height, and smaller spires on
■Jjjgj either end seventy-four feet in
height. A clear title to a large
amount of property immediate-
I ly surrounding the college has
■ ■ ^1 been transferred to the associa-
tion free of charge. In addition



to this, large equities in over 2,000
fine building lots have been donated
to the institution, and the sales and
management of this property have
been placed under the direct care and
management of a Trustee, who acts
under the supervision of the Board of
Directors of the Association. The

thorough and practical, and the teach-
ers for each department, specialists. It
is therefore a school for the masses,
and one in which an education is
placed within the reach of persons of
limited means.

The Conservatory of Music is now
ill the second year of its existence —


north wing of the building, consisting
of twenty-seven rooms, and costing
$25,000, is near completion, and the
college will open in September, 1893.
No expense or labor is to be spared
to maintain one of the greatest non-
sectarian training schools for teachers
in the land. Owing to its connection
with the already thoroughly equipped
and well-established Conservatory of
Music, musical advantages are open
to all attending the College, as are the
advantages of the College to those at-
tending the Conservatory. The train-
ing in all departments will be modern,

the attendance during the first year
having exceeded the highest expec-
tations. Each department is com-
plete in itself and furnished with
instructors of ability and years of
experience as educators. A noticeable
feature of the Conservatory, is that of
enabling its pupils to progress rapidly,
thoroughly, and artistically, by means
of the understanding inculcated while
beginning their studies. Its pupils
are spared years of superfluous work,
the degree of excellence not being low-
ered by reducing the time of study ; and
although many years can well be spent




in the Conservatory, young teachers
who can attend but for a few months,
will find it greatly to their advantage
to do so. No efforts will be spared
to make this institution the most prac-
tical and useful one of its kind in




America. Besides the fine College
and Conservatory, now in course of
erection in Brighton, there will always
be a thoroughly equipped department
near the business center of the city for
the accommodation of those who may
find it more convenient.
This young, but live and
thriving institution is the
pride of Utah and the inter-
mountain region.

The social amusements of
the city are pre-eminently

f refined, a fact notably dem-

onstrated in the several lit-
fjj erarv, musical and athletic
clubs. All first-class theat-
rical attractions stop at the
■"M* city for from three to four
nights. It is a matter of
congratulation that only
first-class companies can af-
ford to make the long jump
from Denver to Salt Lake
City and San Francisco.

Among the resorts of Salt
Lake City are Fort Douglas,
situated on the eastern bench
and affording an excellent
view of the city, Liberty
Park, whose drives are ex-
ceptionally fine, and the
Warm Springs, two miles
from the Temple, the waters




of which come from the rock,i03° Fahr. ,
and are beneficial in cases of rheuma-
tism and kindred
troubles. Two miles
farther are the fam-
ous Hot Springs,
possessing almost
identical properties
with those of the
Arkansas Hot
Springs. The at-
tractions of the
popular resort of
Great Salt Lake
are too well known
to be dwelt upon.
The buoyancy of
the waters is won-
derful. In either
shallow or deep
water one is able to
float like a cork,
holding the shoul-
ders and head well
out of the water.
The waters them-
selves have many
hidden virtues,
such as curative
powers in various
nervous disorders,
and a bath is a boon

alike to the healthy and feeble. Am-
ple provisions are made for the comfort


2 7 8



of the bather or spectator at Garfield
Beach. Music, dancing and all sorts
of amusements are provided. A new
resort, the Saltair Beach, which
boasts of one of the handsomest pavil-
ions in the country, fifteen minutes'
ride from the city, has just been com-
pleted and opened to the public.
It will afford further accommoda-
tions for all who visit this glorious
lake. The boat club have their boat
house and headquarters at the lake,
and a regatta is among the many
attractions every summer.

There are many other attractive
resorts hidden among the mountains
whose rugged grandeur encircles the
beautiful valley.

The canons that break the mountain
fastness are an inexhaustible source
of gratification to the explorer. They
are possessed of great beauty at all
seasons of the year ; in the spring
when they are pervaded with that
mysterious sense of awakening nature,
when the birds are returning and the
breezes are laden with a fresh, sweet
odor more pungent than sandalwood
and myrrh, in the summer when
eveiy tree, brush and bank is clothed




in the voluptuous effulgence of leaves
and flowers, in the autumn when the
gorgeous red brown, gold and orange
sunset tints cast their glow over
mountain and valley, and in the win-
ter when white-frosted trees thrust
their branches up from gulches deep
with snow, and the fleet hare leaves
the imprint of his little feet on its
surface, betraying his home to the
hunter. Far up in some of these
canons are summer camping-grounds,
walled in by high stone barricades
rich with granite. There among the
dense foliage, by the side of the
bounding ice-cold mountain streams,
summer idlers build their cabins and
erect their tents, forming little col-

onies where they may enjoy an unin-
terrupted siesta for weeks if they so
desire. There are also hotels in some
localities, hidden among the moun-
tains in such picturesque wildernesses,
that while one may find there con-
genial companionship among pleasure
or health seekers, sportsmen or artists,
he can also enjoy the utmost solitude
where he may commune uninterrupt-
edly with nature. Such are the envir-
ons of the thriving, prosperous and
well-regulated metropolis of Salt Lake.
The city may proudly lay claim to
attractions and advantages possessed
by few others, and the tourist, the in-
valid, the home-seeker, the artist will
ever regard it as an ideal locality.





UGET SOUND is a large
inlet, or rather a series
of inlets penetrating the
northwestern part of the
Slate of Washington,
with many islands, beau-
tifully tree-clad and watered by lake
and river — a harvest land for the
fanner and the rancher, where a
literal vine and fig tree could " crown
a youth of labor with an age of
ease." The Sound has a shore line
of 1,843 miles, and is connected
with the Pacific Ocean by the Straits
of Juan de Fnca, which are eighty
miles in length and vary from ten
to fifteen miles in width. Numer-
ous safe, roomy harbors indent the
coast of Puget Sea, and the great
ships are always going and coming in
this " Mediterranean of the Pacific."
Upon the shores are clustered cities
and villages, although for the most

part, the land is still waiting the hand
of sturdy industry.

The islands of Puget Sound are of
all sizes and degrees of interest, vary-
ing in extent from three and four to
more than 30,000 acres, and when
one has gone among them and sought
out their hidden beauties, he will
declare them to be the most attractive
features of the Sound. The largest
and most interesting is Whidby
Island, named by Vancouver for
Lieutenant Whidby, one of his
officers. The island is nearly forty
miles long and from one to ten miles
wide ; it is the prairie island of Puget
Sound, nature with a deft hand having
hidden in this forest wilderness 4,000
acres of prairie land. The superior
cultivation of Whidby Island, its large
tracts of agricultural country, are due
to the fact that it is one of the oldest
settled portions of the Sound. Camano




Island is held in dread by the Indians,
for on Camano Head an encampment
of 200 Indians was once wiped out of
existence by the falling of a high pro-
jecting bluff. In the forty years that
have followed, this catastrophe to their
people has not been forgotten ; no
Indian foot has touched the island
since ; no Indian canoe has ever
drifted near its shores. Then there
is the mountain island, Fidalgo, which
is in a prosperous state of cultivation,
with productive, well-tilled farms.
Its rocky beaches, with pebbled floors,
are camping places that in the days
of summer send out the ruddy blaze
of camp-fires, and here, too, are caves
and crevices like those of Nantasket.
Just beyond lies Rand's Island, and
then we come to Deception Pass. So
calm and beautiful is the approach
that it would seem at this spot 'twas
said, "Here shall thy waves be
stayed, ' ' when suddenly we are in the
midst of a boiling, seething flood of
water. Navigators used to avoid the
dangers of this Pass by making their

way through a slough between the
mainland and Fidalgo ; when the
tide was in all went well — when it
was out they found themselves fast in
the mud.

After leaving Deception Pass a
broad expanse of water opens into
Rosario Straits, merging on the west
into the Straits of Juan de Fuca, the
passage to the Pacific Ocean. From
the water's edge rise dark forests
clothing in the varying hues of blue
and emerald the islands of Lopez,
Cypress, Blakeley, Decatur, Orcas,
and many others. The San Juan
Islands were once disputed ground.
England claimed them as contiguous
to Vancouver's Island and British
Columbia, while the United States
contended that the ocean channel of
De Haro made them properly adjacent
to our shores. The affair was adjusted
by international arbitration, the decis-
ion being given in favor of our

Pacific Avenue, the Broadway of
Tacoma, is always a scene of great

mm mm




activity. Fine large business houses
of stone, iron and brick, abound on
either side and present an appearance
of solidity eminently in keeping with
the substantial progress of the city.
A delightful morning ramble for the
stranger is to walk down Pacific
Avenue and along the water front.
Once past the Northern Pacific R. R.
Building which stands on an eminence
as if to guard the city's approaches,
the visitor finds himself on a long
wooden sidewalk, with a railing at
one side, at the right of which lie mul-
titudinous railroad tracks, freight and
lumber houses and acres of wharfage,
while reaching out beyond are the
waters of Commencement hay, alive
with craft of every description.

Standing on a high bluff jutting
out into the sea are the rising walls
of a mammoth hotel — the Olympian.
The growing demands of tourists
justify this structure which entails an
outlay of nearly $1,000,000. The
view from the site of this new hotel
is superb. To the right are the flats
upon which mills, lumber yards and

various industries are located, and
across the bay lies East Tacoma and
the Puyallup Indian Reservation.
Further on (for an area of sixty miles
is spread about us) are groups of
pine-clad hills, their ragged sky lines
silhouetted against the pale blue
mountains of the Cascade Range, while
above all the dome of Mt. Tacoma
rises majestically. Though encased
in living glaciers and vast fields of
ice and snow, a smouldering fire burns
within this mighty mountain, and
small clouds of steam are often seen
resting upon its apex. A sight of
the mountain is always impressive,
whether it is seen rising spirit-like
out of the mists of early morning, or
tinted with the sunset glow of late

Just how the controversy regarding
the name of Washington's favorite
mountain will ever be adjusted does
not yet appear. Its 14,000 feet of
grandeur rises high above its com-
panions of the Cascade Range, and is
distant some forty-five miles from
Tacoma, and about sixty from Seattle.



** >



The Cascade Range which takes its
name from the waterfalls and cascades,
ever leaping from its precipices or
plunging down its gulleys, was dis-
covered in 1792 by Vancouver, who
named the highest peak, Rainier, in

Online LibraryCharles Frederick HolderThe Californian (Volume 4) → online text (page 34 of 120)