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Diego and Miss Andrea I
of Chicago. Helena Modjeska,
whose summer home is near
Santa Ana, California, was made
an honorary member.

The following active members
were enrolled: Mrs. Caroline
Severance, the first president of
the first woman's club in Boston;
Mrs. Gertrude Francis Atherton. the
novelist ; Miss E. D. Keith
Vernon) of the S. F. News Let'
Mrs. Alice Kingsbury Cooley, the
author of "Asaph;" Mrs. Mary
E. Hart, owner and editor of the
Pacific Monthly ; Mrs. Carrie Ste\
Walter, associate owner and editor of
the San Josean ; Mrs. Rose Smith
Eigenmann, then of the San Fran
cisco Academy of Sciences ; M
Lillian Shuev, author of "California
Sunshine;" Mrs. M. G. C. Bdholm
of the Oakland Tribune: Mrs. M
Bourne Watson of the Morning Call
of San Francisco; Mrs. Virginia Bil-
liard of the S. F. Argns ; Mrs. M attic
P. Owen, editor of the (.olden \\
Mrs. Rose Hartwick Thorpe, author
of "Curfew Must not Ring To-night: "
Mrs. Josephine Clifford McCracken,
author of "Overland Tales;" Miss
Mary Lambert of the Oakland Kn
quirer; Mrs. Mary Bowman, associate
editor and owner of the Santa Paula
Chronicle ; Mrs. Emeline North, trade



5 28



PACIFIC COAST WOMEN'S PRESS ASSOCIATION.



and shipping correspondent to
St. Petersburg and Kiev papers ;
Mary L,ynde Hoffman, author of
several treatises on road and
street construction ; Miss Anna
C. Murphy, Evelyn Ludlum,
Mary Viola Lawrence (Riding
Hood), Mrs. Sarah Sanford, Mrs.
Carrie Blake Morgan, Mrs. Emi-
ly Browne Powell, Mrs. Julia P.
Churchill and Mrs. Jane Martin.
The purpose of this associa-
tion is primarily to bring about
a more extensive acquaintance
among newspaper women, so
that by the frequent interchange
of ideas and methods, concerted
action may be brought about in
all matters of vital public import.
In an association of this kind it
would be disastrous to permit
the discussion of any partisan
movements in either politics, re-
ligion, or reform; so the members
have sought to find a common
field which they might all till to
advantage without a suspicion of in-
harmony. With this end in view
they have begun to urge certain public
improvements in the way of roads,
streets, parks, libraries, village im-
provement societies, free exhibits of
county resources, the suppression of
criminal details of sensational cases in





MINNA V. GADEN.



newspapers, the suppression of crimi-
nal advertising, the development of
the kindergartens — in fact anything
and everything that tends to the build-
ing up of the country, regardless of
cree d, precedent or personal prejudice.
To facilitate such work, the asso-
ciation will issue printed monographs,
prepared by some member who is
thoroughly informed on a subject.
It is our aim to have the essay give
a comprehensive, unbiased view of
the matter in hand, leaving each
member the largest freedom of
opinion, and the widest liberty in
final action. We find these mono-
graphs valuable, chiefly because
women, as a rule, are inclined to
take prejudiced stands in public
questions, owing to the incomplete-
ness of their information. Once
give them a fair understanding of
the situa ion, and the}' act with
intelligence and wisdom.

The first monograph issued by
the Association was one on Country
Roads and City Streets, by Mary
Lynde Hoffman. Mrs. Hoffman is
a large property owner, and her



PACIFIC COAST WOMEN'S PRESS ASSOCIATION.






essay is written from practical knowl-
edge of existing conditions. We not
only mailed this monograph to our
members, but to all Coast Boards of
Trade, State Officials and editors of pa-
pers. Mrs. Hoffman, being a member of
the American Economic Association,
her essay had a considerable circulation
through that body. Many leading
papers quoted the monograph entire,
while many others made long extracts
from it, fortified by vigorous editorial
comment. More than five hundred
notices were sent to the Association
concerning this essay — a better indi-
cation of its success than any number
of personal letters possibly could be.

Other monographs to be issued will
treat of the various topics mentioned
in a previous paragraph. We have
felt from the first that it was the
legitimate province of the newspaper
worker to foster public spirit and to
urge the promotion of public works.
Newspaper men, are, as a rule, more
or less hampered in action by their
political or their financial patronage ;
wdiile women, editors and publishers,
with few exceptions, are free lances,
and women special writers have the
widest liberty in their choice of sub-
jects.

At present, the only source of in-





l'l Ki \ MAI III *.-.N.



LINDON W. BATES.



come of the Association Is that which
is derived from membership and initi-
ation fees and from contributions.
In time the association hopes to «
a handsome building in San Fran-
cisco, the rentals of which will sui
to pay the running expenses <»l the
Association, as well as sick benefits,
when it is required. The librai
the Association is a SOUP itifi-

cation to the members. More than
500 valuable volumes have been
tributed, besides files of many of the
leading dailies, weeklies, monthlies.
The Association wishes first t<> accu-
mulate complete sets of the published
works of members, then works 1>\
cific Coast writers, then reference
books, and finally, rare and standard
books. Our Librarian is a member
of the American Ijbr arj Association,
and brings to bear not only a keenly
intelligent knowledge of hooks, but
the very best methods of d
tion and distribution, as well asoi
lection.

Among the members who joined
our ranks during the first year are
Mrs. Charlotte Perkins Stetson
some of whose work Howells writes:
"Nothing better has been written
since the Bigelow Papers;" Mrs. M.



53°



PACIFIC COAST WOMEN'S PRESS ASSOCIATION.



B. M. Toland, the author of " Legende
Laymonde" and other exquisite holi-
day volumes, that have been brought
out from time to time by the Lippin-
cotts; Mrs. Lindon W. Bates, whose
serials appear in the Chicago Graphic;
Mrs. Florence Percy Matheson, a
writer of countless short stories, and



the wife of the United States Minister
to Guatemala ; Mrs. F. F. Victor, the
author of the latest history of Oregon,
called "Atlantis Arisen;" Mrs. Su-
san Taylor D' Evelyn, contributor to
Dublin and American papers. There
are also Mrs. Isabel H. Raymond of
the Santa Cruz Surf, Miss Adeline




HELEN GREGORY ELESHER, M. A.



daughter of Elizabeth Akers Allen;
Mrs. Laura Lyons White of the Des
Moines Times and Express; Matilde
Reinhardt, sister to the court painter
ofSaxeCoberg Gotha; Ina D. Cool-
brith, the poet; Mrs. Romualdo Pa-
checo, the author of "Incog," and



Knapp, foreign and exchange editor
of the San Francisco Call, Mrs. James
Neall of the early Overland school,
Mrs. Anna Morrison Reed, Mrs.
Ruthella Shultz Bollard, Mrs. Ellwood
Cooper, Miss Agnes Manning and
Miss Sarah Severance.



PACIFIC COAST WOMEN'S PRESS ASSOCIATION.



531




SUSAN TAYLOR D 'EVELYN.

When we consider that the writing
of the general newspaper worker is
for the most part anonymous, w r e feel
that our ranks do not appear at a dis-
advantage when compared with those
of other press associations. Our pop-
ulation is so scattered over a large
territory, our slope is so remote and
our papers confined to such a small
locale, that we cannot show many
brilliant nor influential Western news-
paper connections. On the other hand,
the Western vigor of style being so much
the mode now, and the necessity of
bread-winning as pressing here as else-
where, nearly all of our writers keep
up from one to a half a dozen con-
nections with influential Eastern and
English periodicals. This gives
the writers name and standing that
the Eastern newspaper woman, with
her routine and assignment work,
cannot command, except in a few
cases.

It has often been observed that in the
Eastern cities, women sent out on
night details are compelled to go un-
attended, while here in San Francisco,
if a woman is sent out at all on a de-
tail that involves the least exposure
to the rough element, she is provided
with an escort. Indeed, in San Fran-
cisco and other Western cities, women
are not often assigned to other night
work than that of dramatic and so-



ciety reporting, or lecture and asso-
ciation reporting.

Few women arc employed on the
daily press in San Francisco. The

Call has one woman on its stall";
the Chronicle employs one woman,
but it is an innovation; the Exam-
iner employs two and sometimes
three women ; the Post, the Bulletin
and the Report have DO women
on the regular Btaff; the News
Letter employs one, the Wasp thi
the Argus one, and the West End one.
The Press of the West is uniformly
courteous to women workers and their
efforts in the light direction.

With its support, the newspaper
women of the Pacific Slope have
broader possibilities and opportunities
than any other similar association in
the country, for the reason that the
West is young and its condition form-
ative, and the progress they are mak-
ing is indicative that they are taking
every advantage of their situation.
San Francisco. 1

This history of an organization from
the pen of its founder needs to be
supplemented but briefly.

In the death of its organizer. Mrs.
Parkhurst, the Pacific Coa>t Women's
Press Association suffered the loss of a
woman who, forgetful of personal
ambition, gave to its members the




ADKMNK V.. KNAPP.



532



PACIFIC COAST WOMEN'S PRESS ASSOCIATION,



wealth of inspiration which is the
measure of a truly philanthropic
spirit.

One of the charter members of the
Association, a woman from whom
Mrs. Parkhurst had received the high-
est encouragement during her task of
interesting the women writers of the
coast in this plan of organization, has
well said: "If the end and aim of
this Association had been no greater
than the bringing together the women
writers of this coast, the promoter of
such a plan must have received our




to take advantage of those opportuni-
ties with which her watchfulness re-
warded her. Her best work will
never see the light of public com-
mendation. She put her best into
that which she gave away. As cor-
responding Secretary to the Associa-
tion, her letters and semi-yearly visits
to the distant members, with each of
whose work she was personally in
touch, not only carried inspiration
and enthusiasm to all, but made her
work a power in the community.
As Assistant Editor of the Calt-
KORNIAN, Mrs. Parkhurst' s
journalistic career had just
begun at her death .

The Pacific Coast Wom-
en's Press Association to-
day numbers one hundred
and twenty - three active
members.

Mrs. Emily Browne Pow-
ell, the present President, is
a well-known contributor to



LILLIAN l'l.t'NKKTT.

hearty response." That this was not
the sole end of its founder and build-
ers might be attested by study into
the objects of women's clubs, this
Western organization included, and
no woman who came in contact with
Mrs. Parkhurst and realized her
ability to disseminate ideas, could
have spent her best years in the up-
building of an institution of such
limitations.

A versatile writer herself, and with
the journalistic field open to her, Mrs.
Parkhurst spent by far the greater
portion of her time in urging others



E a s t e r n publications, a

woman of large acquaint-
ance, of many friends, and a
presiding officer of quiet
power.

The Executive Officers for
the present year are Mrs.
Emily Browne Powell, Pres-
ident: Mrs. Sarah B. Cooper,
First Vice-President ; Mrs.
Charlotte Perkins Stetson,
Second Vice-President; Mrs.
James Neall, Third Vice-
President ; Mrs. Minna V.
(iadeii. Corresponding Secretary: Miss
Mary Lambert, Recording Secretary;
Mrs. Ella M. Sexton, Assistant Re-
cording Secretary; Mrs. Florence
Percy Matheson, Treasurer; Miss
Adeline E. Knapp, Chairman of Pro-
gram Committee: additional members,
Mrs. Nellie Blessing Eyster. Miss Ag-
nes Manning and Mrs. Lillian Plun-
kett.

Members well known throughout
the State are doing work with which
not only the Association, but the
whole Pacific Coast and the thinking
world are in sympathy, With the up-



PACIFIC COAST WOMEN'S PRESS ASSOCIATION.






building of this commonwealth the
names of Mrs. Jeanne C. Carr of
Pasadena, Mrs. Isabel Raymond of
the Santa Cruz Surf, and Mrs. Klla
Higginsou of Washington, will long
be identified.

Among those achieving purely liter-
ary distinction, Mrs. Kate Douglas
Wiggin and Mrs. Lindon W. Bates
are receiving most favorable criticism
and are being welcomed into the
charmed circle of American authors.

Among the members of the Press
Association engaged in editorial work
Miss Adeline Knapp of the San Fran-
cisco Call, Genevieve L. Browne of
the CAiviFORNiAN, Louise E. Francis,
editor of the Castroville Enterprise,
Mrs. Frances Bagby Blades of San
Diego, Mrs. Alice Moore McComas
of Los Angeles, Mrs. Maggie Down-
ing Brainard of the Pacific Tree and
Vine, San Jose, and Mrs. L. C. P.
Haskins of Washington, are each
doing distinctive journalistic work
with which their constant readers
are familiar.

Along purely philanthropic lines
Mrs. Sarah B. Cooper's work needs
no heralding. Mrs. Ada Van Pelt,
editor of the Pacific Ensign, and Mrs.
M. G. C. Edholm are actively en-





LOUISE E. FRANCIS.



j» ANSI. ». UH

gaged in press work in the intercut of
the W. C. T U.

Among those inemlx:rs who arc
regular contributor* to ! and

local journals, writing Upon California
subjects, are a Dumber of Pacific Coast

writers by adoption. Mi**. Chi:

Perkins Stetson, the great gtm&-
daughter of Dr. Lyman B e a chei

most known in the Baal through her
contributions to tin Bastern press,
Mrs. Helen Gn iher, a i

ular contributor i<» the Ameri
Pres^ Association, to the local press,
to New York Magazines and an
occasional contributor to the Ait n.i i«»
a Canadian by birth and educ atio n,
holding the degree of Master o( Arts
from Trinity Universitj , Sin- was the
first woman to claim and receive th.it
honor from that institution, and has
opened the door t«» all who have fol-
lowed. Under the direction
American newspaper syndics!
Flesher visited Japan and did v.n
her first journalistic work in r<
and writing descriptive sccounti
the opening of the Diet, Of fir^t 1
liainent of Japan, and matters pertain-
ing thereto, under the difficulties at-
tending the fact that HO woman had



534



PACIFIC COAST WOMEN'S PRESS ASSOCIATION.



previously had access to its sessions.
Mrs. Flesher has made California her
home only within the last few years.
Mrs. Mary F. McRoberts, an English-
woman, well known in political and
educational circles in England, and a
contributor to its press from Califor-
nia, is another recent comer to the
Pacific Coast, though a resident of
California in earlier times.

Mrs. Emma Russell Endres, another
English woman, and correspondent to
the London Times, is a Californian by
her adoption of the State as her home,
and a busy contributor to the English
and American press. Mrs. Endres is
a student of political economy and is
well informed upon that important
subject.

Other members whose largest con-
tribution to the press is lor East-
ern publications are Mrs. Carrie
Blake Morgan, Mrs. James Neall, Mrs.
Nellie B. Eyster, Mrs. Florence Percy
Matheson, Mrs. Alice Cary Water
man, Mrs. Clara Spalding Brown,
Mrs. Dorothea Lummis, Mrs. Evelyn





MARY I. AMI'.] RT.



MARY O. STANTON.



Mldlum, Mrs. Lindon W. Bates and
Mrs. Minna Y. Gaden.

Mrs. Mary O. Stanton in her treat-
ises upon scientific physiognomy , Mis.
J. G. Ummon oo botanical subjects,
and Miss Rose O'Halloran in astron-
omy, are among the scientific writers

Of the coast.

Mrs. Anna Morrison Reed, Miss
Virna Wood, Mrs. Lillian Shuey,
Mi— Mary Lambert, Mrs. Lillian
Plunkett and Mrs. Rose Hartwick
Thorpe are numbered among the
writers of verse.

Recent honorary members are Mrs.
Jessie Benton Fremont, Miss Rose
O'Halloran and Mr. George T. Gaden.

As a member of the General Feder-
ation of Woman's Clubs, the Inter-
national League of Press Clubs and
the Woman's National Press Associa-
tion, the Pacific Coast Pi ess Associa-
tion is abreast with the spirit of or-
ganization, at the same time confi-
dent that responsible individualism is
the basis of strength.




Do you know how the saffron sunset gleams

Through the wonderful old rose-window at Rhkma ?

There's a row of saints, too, just below —

You'd not believe how their forms can glow,

Blue and purple, and gold and red ;

And we stood in the light their splendor shed.




Under that French Cathedral dome
Our alien spirits were far from home.
Yet, from its early cloistral days,
Its flagellations, its hymns of praise,
Its deep confessions, its monkish scrolls,
Something descended into our souls.

The silence wrought like a subtle spell ;
The sense of space was a miracle,
And memories there were thickly set
As gems in an old queen's coronet.

Where all that penance, and all that pride,
And much old anguish had lived and died —
And white-hot rapture, and triumph cold,
We brought our new world into the old ;
And right in those poor old martyrs' sight,
We turned and kissed in the lambent light.

Did not the past, in cowldd gloom
Rise from its desecrated tomb ?
Nothing ! No ghostly index shook
Curses at us. We calmly took
A private view of the mystic place.
To us, that kiss was its crowning grace.




AMERICAN FINANCES.



BY MORRIS M. ESTEE.



WHEN business is moving in its
usual channels, it does not mat-
ter what kind of money, how-
much or how little, is in actual circu-
lation, because credit largely takes the
place of money. But when there comes
an ebb tide in financial affairs, then
gold and silver is needed for business
purposes and to sustain public confi-
dence. Indeed, it is authoritatively
stated that not more than three per
cent, of the vast financial transactions
of London are done with actual money,
the check system being universal ly
used. But when public confidence is
disturbed, fewer checks and drafts, and
more money are required to do even
a less business. Credit is sensitive to
attack, money and moneyed men are
cowardly, and rightly so, because one
dollar cannot strike back except with
another dollar, and the man who has
not the other dollar has no weapon U >r
defense.

In times of great business depression
the value of commodities depreciate,
and the value of money appreciates —
that is, property becomes cheap and
money becomes dear. Therefore, those
who own or deal in property suffer,
while those who own or deal in money
prosper — that is to say, so long as they
can safely loan their money ; but when
business is paralyzed, money is useless
as an interest-producing substance. It
thus follows that, as a rule, dear
money and less money is of value to
the moneyed man, and cheap money
and more money is of value to the
business man ; and as nearly all people
are business men, and only a few are
money lenders or moneyed men, the
community is most deeply interested



in the prosperity of its business people.
And yet money lenders are as necessary
as money borrowers.

In this connection it must be borne
in mind that too cheap money is quite
as dangerous as too dear money. A
large circulation of inflated paper has
always been most harmful, but there
never has been a time when there was
an inflated circulation of gold or silver
money. There is not enough gold and
.silver in the world to make too much
money , even when both metals are
used.

The following is an estimate of the
gold, silver and paper money of the
world, and although this estimate is
made by eminent statisticians, it is
not claimed to be absolutely correct,
the field being too large and the sub-
ject too great for mathematical ac-
curacy: Gold coin, $4,300,000,000;
silver coin, $3,300,000,000 ; paper
money, $3,900,000,000. The present
annual production of gold and silver,
both in the United States and in the
world, is known. In a report made by
the Hon. Kdward A. Leech, Director
of the United States Mint, to the
Secretary of the Treasury, February
16th, 1893, it is stated that the total
value of gold produced in the United
States for the year 1892 was $33,014,-
981, and the total value of silver
$77,995,442. Total production of
gokl and silver for that year, $111,-
000,423.

It will thus be observed there is
now twice as much silver produced in
the United States as gold. The
world's production of gold for the year
1892 was $130,816,660, and the com-
mercial value of the world's produc-



536



AMERICAN FINANCES.






tion of silver for the year 1892 was
$133,054,000, the total production of
both metals being $263,870,660, the
coinage value of the silver produced
was $193,605,200.

It is thus seen that the United States
produced for the year 1892, over two-
fifths of all the gold and silver of the
world. It may then be confidently
asserted that if our financial condi-
tions rest upon the amount of gold and
silver we produce, no country is finan-
cially stronger than the United States,
nor are we less fortunate in the amount
of money we have in actual circula-
tion, always granting that silver or its
representative (silver certificates) is
continued as money.

The total amount of money in actual
circulation in the United States on
January 1st, 1893, exclusive of the
amount in the Treasury and its
branches, was $1,611,321,753; and
the amount in the Treasury was
$756,928,577, making a grand total
of $2,368,250,330 in the United
States, and as the population is 65,-
000,000, this would make a per capita
circulation of $25:38, an amount larger
than at any other period in the his-
tory of the Republic. It is thus ob-
served we have about one-fifth of all
the money of the world, while our
population is a mere fraction of the
world's population. It will also be
observed that there is $567,269,118 in
silver coin and bullion, and $331,614,-
304 in silver certificates, now in actual
existence in the United States, show-
ing that the enormous sum of $898-
886,422 is in either the white metal or
rests upon the white metal as security
for its circulation : and so it is not the
want of money that now causes this
general depression in business and in
values, but it is largely caused by the
threat to drive out of circulation silver
money and silver certificates, (and thus
decrease the amount of money in cir-
culation,) and to so change our tariff
laws as to imperil our home industries
and destroy our home and our foreign
markets.

It requires no great knowledge of



the business conditions of the country,
no research into the precedents of the
past, nor exhaustive study of financial
problems, to see that if the large sum
of money, represented by silver and
silver certificates, is retired fi
as money, it will cause the failu:
many of the best business concert
the country, and shatter national and
individual credit, and thus paralyze the
business industries of the whole nation.
Indeed, it is now quite impossible to
fully anticipate the results of such
an awful financial catastrophe in Un-
united States. There does not appear
to be any reasonable necessity for dis-
turbing the relations between gold and
silver, or the use of both as money
metals, and there does appear to be a
necessity for the continued use of both
metals.

It is a striking fact that as silver
depreciates in value, commodities also
depreciate in value. Observe the price
of silver for the past ten years,
and then note the prices of the
products of the factory and the
farm ; as a rule, they run parallel.
Money becomes dear and scarce when
the country approaches a gold stan-
dard, and we approach a gold Standard
whenever .silver is talked down or
driven out of circulation. This con-
dition of things has existed in our
country for many years. The only two
articles in America which have risen
in value are gold and U. S. bonds —
the one because the creditor class has
talked all money but gold out of con-
fidence : the other, because our country
persists in paying all the interest on
our bonds in gold, when, under the
law, and of right and in common fair-
ness, some of it should be paid in
silver — because the interest is payable
in coin, and silver money is coin as
much as gold.

Assuming the existence of financial
distress which demands a remedy,
how the repeal of the so-called Sher-



Online LibraryCharles Frederick HolderThe Californian (Volume 4) → online text (page 71 of 120)