Charles Frederick Holder.

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gentleman as there was in Germany," he
sustained his Chancellor in every measure
of force and intimidation destined to place
him on an Imperial throne, and which made
Prussia and all Germany a vast military
camp. The present Emperor is more im-
perialistic in expression and appearance
than his father or grandfather, and
has attempted to quell the spirit of liberal-
ism by threats to crush all who should op-
pose him.

Though his subjects are burdened and
impoverished by the support of a vast army,
he had so much confidence in his ability to
intimidate and coerce the German peo-
ple that he demanded a large increase
and made it an imperial measure. He
has chafed under the opposition it en-
countered and his Chancellor, Von Cap-
rivi, has tried to be as bulldozing as
Bismarck ever was, but without Bis-
marck's great intellectual strength and force
of character.

For six months the Emperor and his
Cabinet have used their utmost power, short
of violence, to compel the Reichstag to
grant their demands. The failure has
been most signal, and the world, with
interest and anxiety will watch the outcome.
The dissolution of the Reichstag and the
rescript for a new election, nominally means
an appeal to the electors, and probably a
resort to imperial bulldozing upon the peo-
ple themselves. The question is, " Will
the people be as independent and stubborn
as the Reichstag has been ? " If they stand
firm and refuse to be burdened with fur-
ther taxations and to suffer from further
depletions of their industrial forces, a tre-
mendous blow will have been given to the
absolutistic disposition of the Hohenzollerns.
It may be the very test that will prove
whether Germany will become " Republi-
can or Cossack."

From our standpoint it is difficult to see
why Germany needs a larger military force
to protect her from foreign dangers. The
pretense is that as all the great continental
nations have vast armies, it is necessary for
Germany to be ready for any emergency.
It is a curious fact that all the govern-
ments of Europe profess peaceful intentions,
and yet they maintain great armies. If all are
Vol. IV— 40

so pacific, why do not they give the best
assurances by disarming?

The attitude of no monarch is so threat-
ening to the peace of Europe as that of the
German Kaiser. His abnormal
although professedly for peaceful purposes,
create apprehensions. Constant and u*.
essary preparations for war beget the spirit
of war. That France is only muting
favorable opportunity to attack Germain
may be, and probably J s , a mere 1
imagination. It is probably the int.
and not the external condition that alarai
Emperor William. Some of tl
Which are under his sway arc dissatislir-l
and discontented. liberalism and u>
ism are rapidly growing in Germany, and
the Kaiser is not willing to rely tolelj on
argument to arrest its progress. IK
a larger disciplined army which n
orders and not reasons.

The opposition to the Army bill eatM
from several elements ; the Freisinnige (the
liberals), the Centrists (the Catholies), and
from some of the radical Democrat-.
Though they differ on other questions, the
army is a menace to all of them. It seemed
for a time that the Centrists would rapport
the Army bill, and it is not improbable that
the visit of the Kaiser to the Italian King
had for an object the placation of the 1
but the conditions were unfavorable, for the
Kaiser is at the head of German Protestant-
ism, and the King of Italy, with whom tin-
Pope is on bad terms, is a member of the
driebund. The Tope, it is understood,
favors populargovernment, while the Kaiser
represents heresy and heredity.

The rescript allows little time for organi-
zation and discussion, and therefore impe-
rialism has an advantage, for it isal*
organized, and discussion is not an instru-
ment of its warfare.

In Germany the women and children, tin-
aged and decrepit are compelled to work in
the field and the shop, and subsist on •
fare, while the young and strong men
engaged in drill and mamenvering and con-
suming the substance of the laboring j>eople.
It is to be hoped that the Reichstag will be
sustained, and that militarism will receive a
check that will have a wholesome effect for
all future time.

Wake ! for the Sun, 'who scattered into flight

The stars before him from the field of Night,
Drives Night along with them from Heav n, ;in<l

The Sultan's Turret with a shaft of light.

— Omar Khayyam.

THE position of woman in the literary
world is ninch more assured, much more
firmly established than ever before. It is
needless to dwell upon the bravery and per-
severance with which she is making a place
for herself in other lines of labor, in her
effort to overcome prejudice. The result of
her work in all rields demonstrates her
power. She is given more deferential rec-
ognition in history, she is invested with
more dignity in fiction and in all the de-
partments of literary art. She has taken
her pen earnestly in hand, and women in
literature are represented by such great
powers as Madam de Stael, George Eliot,
Mrs. Browning, George Sand, Frances
Hogsdon Burnett, Octave Thanet, Harriet
Prescott Spofford, Rose Terry Cook and
many more in our own country, East and
West. With the results of the efforts of
these women, the fact is established that the
feminine mind, when properly trained and
developed, is capable of the best work.
There is a predominance of men among the
best writers of the day, but women as writ-
ers of fiction are rapidly gaining ground,
and each successive year renders the differ-
ence less noticeable.

El Nuevo Mundo? a poem by Louis James

Block, is a little volume now upon the
market. While the poem contains some
good qualities, it is permeated with a feeling
that the author has undertaken a style of
verse too heavy for his capabilities.

An interesting volume edited by W. II.
Appleton, Professor in Swarthmore College,

is Greek Poets in English Verse. 1 In this

work the editor has attempted, through the
medium of translations, to do for Greek
poetry what has been so often done for that
of the English language, namely, to give
the reader, within the compass of a single
volume, some Idea of its wealth, and at the
same time to stimulate and guide him to
further and more thorough reading. The
Study of the Greek language seems to be

leas popular than formerly. This is to be
regretted somewhat, as the Greek language
possesses purity and beauty very difficult to
preserve in translations. In this volume,
seventy-five of the choicest specimens of
Greek literature are collected, representing
the Iliad, Odyssey, Homeric Hymns,
Hesiod, Pindar, JEschylus, Sophocles,
Euripides, Aristophanes, Theocritus, Mos-
chus, Anacreon, Bion, Sappho and others.
These are principally translations by Chap-
man, Pope, Leigh Hunt, Cowper, Shelley,
Mrs. Browning, Worsley, Edwin Arnold,
Symonds, Bulwer, Frere, Bryant, Stedman,
Law ton, and prefaced by an excellent essay
by Prof. Appleton. Prof. Appleton has
selected such works of the translators as
best display the intrinsic qualifications of
Greek verse and the methods of its origin-
ators. A knowledge of Greek history,
literature, thought and feeling is not only
an interesting accessory of education, but
a factor of great importance to the student
and writer, as being the source from which
he acquires many of his tools and materials.

Chas. H. Ken & Co., Chicago.
'Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston.




Dearest? by Mrs. Forrester, a novelist
who is a general favorite, is a story contain-
ing some true photographs of human nature,
among types with which one is ordinarily
surrounded. She seems to have a thorough
insight to that intricate mystery, a woman's
inmost personality — the worldly woman
whose motives are perhaps unconsciously
selfish, and who wishes to make everything
revolve about herself, the woman who,
while being worldly in some respects, and
diplomatic, still preserves, by the power of
a naturally noble mind, the intrinsic worth
and beauty of her character, and the impet-
uous nature of the young girl on the thresh-
old of womanhood, when every fiber of her
nature is reaching out in delicate tendrils, to
cling to whatever is most congenial, or,
more likely, to that which first wins her
confidence, love and sympathy, for this
trinity possesses the greatest attractions for
the budding nature. The book goes to
show that it is of the utmost importance to
give young girls some companionship with
older women of certain qualifications, as
well as that of girls of their own age. Many
girls that ordinarily seem dull, unattractive
and morose, when brought in contact with
a woman of quick sympathies, discretion
and true womanly nobility, cannot but
themselves expand into high types of their
sex, free from many of the petty qualifica-
tions often so difficult for the feminine
eharacter to overcome.

The story also points out many of the in-
discretions of girls, who, on account of
their deficient home educations, know little
of the world in which they move, and while
they may consider themselves world-wise,
in reality are comparatively unsophisticated
and, therefore, but poorly caparisoned to
meet and combat the oppositions and humil-
iations that crouch on the very threshold of
the home.

A wholesome, instructive and interesting
book for young people is Archie of Atha-
basca^ by J. MacDonald Oxley, author of
"Bert Lloyd's Boyhood," " Up Among the
Ice Foes," " The Chore Boy of Camp Kip-
pewa," and several other stories. It con-
tains a graphic description of the region
about I v ake Athabasca, and the rivalries ex-
isting between the fur companies of Canada
— in particular between that of the Hudson
Bay and the Northwest. A bitter feud
sprang up on account of trade competition
between these companies, and continued for

1 Tait, Sons & Co., Union Square, New York.
- D. Lathrop & Co., Boston.

years, frequently breaking forth in war and
bloodshed. The author seems to be thor-
oughly acquainted with the portion of the
country of which he writes, and has given
an interesting description of the region and
the mode of life of its inhabitants. The
story is bright, full of action and adventure-.
The father of the young hero is an admirable
character, possessed of exemplary parental
sympathy and discretion. He lists no force
to compel obedience from his son, but guides
and develops him to think a: him-

self, and at the same time to realise the lim-
itations of his own judgment. By this
course of action, a bond of sympathy and
affection is established b e t w een father and
son that could exist under no other circum-
stances. The story is such as will bring the
blood of wholesome excitement to the
cheeks of the young, and also teach them
many lesson of courage, manliness and duty.

Stories from the Rabbis? by Abram S.
Isaacs, Ph. D., is a collection of short alle-
gorical tales, the Hebrew version of ■
of the old stories that have been told
and over again in many different languages.
They are quaint, and many of them rather
artistic, pointing to those sound and simple
morals that can be readily grasped and com-
prehended by a child, and which yet con-
tain an undercurrent of thought that i-
of interest to the deeper moralizer and phil-

The Western Author's Publishing Asso-
ciation has issued a volume containing a
series of stories, In the Confessional and
the Following?' by Gustav Adolf Dan/
These stories display versatility ami strength,
and in many instances, a livi f the

humorous and ludicrous. Mr. Dansiger has
been engaged in literary work for
years, and has displayed remarkable ability.
He is the sole manager and editor of the
Western Author's Publishing Co., and la
doing much towards facilitating the publi-
cation of creditable work of Pacific i

Seraltha, 4 by Abel M. Rawson, m.
classed, perhaps, among nal litera-

ture, but it redeems itself in it-
handling of repulsive truths, and condition-
that are, by the majority, considered SI In
evitable and therefore not to be contended,
but accepted, passed over, or passively sub-
mitted to. But they are shown to be rep-
tiles that, when drawn from their holes,

3 Chas. I,. Webster & Co., New York.
*The Authors' Association, New York and Srui



can be slain. The story demonstrates the
mistake of parents in allowing their daugh-
ters to attain womanhood in an ignorant
condition, that totally unfits them to meet
and successfully struggle with oppositions
and discouragements. Parents too often
take it for granted that they will always be
able to protect their daughters as long as
unmarried, and that they will be transferred
by marriage to the protection of a husband.
In many cases unforeseen circumstances
throw a woman upon her own resources, and
then no matter what her virtues may be, if
she should make mistakes, or even seem to,
society does not take into consideration her
ignorant and unsophisticated condition, but
puts the worst construction it can grasp in
its scourging hands, upon whatever she does
or says. Here is food for thought.

Paul dishing, author of "A Woman with
a Secret," "The Blacksmith of Voe," "Cut
with His Own Diamond," and other books,
has written a volume entitled The Great
Chin Episode} It is an English tale of
tragedy, full of interest and excitement.
The plot leads the reader cleverly into the
implications, and as cleverly unravels the
mystery surrounding the story. The* crit-
icism that might be offered is that the last
chapter leaves the story, in some respects,
unfinished, as it simply clears up die tragic
mystery, but the important affairs of the
human heart are not brought to the usual
climax that crowns a tale of whatever

Maxwell Gray, whose "Silence of Dean
Maitland" has made him popular with
readers of strong romantic fiction, has writ-
ten a novel entitled The Last Sentence*

1 Macmillan & Co., New York and Loudon.

2 Tait, Sons & Co., Union Square, New York.

which, while it does not equal in strength
his best work, is still characteristic, and
bears the attractive impress of his original
style. This story, in common with many of
his others, forcibly presents the disadvan-
tageous result of deceit under any circum-
stances. He impresses the reader with the
result of a mistake or a sin, even if no one
but the perpetrator is cognizant of it, and
that the inevitable law of justice invariably
demands recompense. It is therefore de-
duced that living under false pretenses is a
folly, and that a great deal of suffering and
disappointment might be avoided were hon-
esty always maintained. It requires a man
of courage to maintain this honesty, how-
ever, and a man of deep comprehension,
for on the surface, deception seems an easy
avoidance of justice, and the coward quails
before the immediate condemnation of a
society that compresses its vital organs, and
thereby abnormally expands that which is
gross and surplus.

Gcethe, whose nature was comparatively
si 1 fish, and though he was often heard to
Bay that hi- only sought the society of those
who could be of use and benefit to him,
could not hut lift up the souls of others.
His appreciation of womanhood few have
failed to recognize in that simple yet won-
derful character of Margaret. His chorus
Mysticiefl Bay* :

All of mere transient date

. Blbol showeth ;
Here, tin- Inadequate

To fulness .groweth :

Here the ineffable

Wrought is in love;
The ever-womanly

Draws us above.

o. i.. r>.

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For flemory's Sake.


I cannot hate you as I would —
The Ghost of L,ove is all too near :

I only wonder that I could

In other days have held you dear.

I smile to think how eagerly

Your traitor tongue was wont to plead.
Alas ! in my temerity

I leaned upon a broken reed.

You taught me with your lips and eyes
To worship you and only you —

How could a trusting heart be wise,
When such a wooer came t<> woo?

And yet I might have pardoned all.

And loved you to a bitter end,
Had I not found your soul too spall

To merit e'en the name of friend.

Yet sometimes in the still small hours
Old memories throng around me fast.

And lift the gloomy cloud that lowers
Between the present and the past.

Ami while a softer gentler mood
Bids all my just resentment flee,

I would not hate you if I could
Because you once were dear to me.








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The Value of Contemporary Judgment.

Hei<en A. Clarke, in "Poet-lore."

As the bulwarks of the old, authoritative
criticism are crumbling to decay, there is
arising a new order of criticism, to which
Browning stands in the closest affinity.
One of the fundamental principles of this
criticism is the relativity of all art.

A fine example of its application to art
is to be found in the "Parleying with
Charles Avison," where he says all arts
endeavor to preserve hard and fast how
we feel as what we know, yet none of
them attain thereto, because the province
of art is not in the true sense creative.

" Arts arrange
Dissociate, redistribute, interchange
Part with part, lengthen, broaden, high or deep
Construct their bravest, till such pains prodmv
Change, not creation."

In short, the province of art is to use the
materials of knowledge, of which the
mind takes cognizance, in giving out-
ward form and expression to the creative
impulses born of the soul. Knowledge
being limited, art must also be limited in

its capacity to all-express these creative
impulses. What, then, must be the atti-
tude of the critic ?

He certainly must not expect to find
perfect creations in art which shall be a
law unto all time. His duty will be, as
Symonds defines it, " to judge, but not
without understanding the natural and
historical conditions of the product under
examination, nor without making the
allowances demanded by his sense of
relativity," or as Browning, with the
finer human touch of the poet, puts it,
he must bring his " life to kindle theirs."
The critic in this school cannot dogmat-
ieally dismiss some poets as beneath his
notice and claim kingship for others.
Every poet, great and small, must find
a place in his scheme of human art devel-
opment. Unbiased, he must look down
from the lofty summit of universal sym-

With the light of the new criticism in
his eyes, who shall say to what heights
of value the contemporary judgment of
the future critic may not rise ?



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Postels ir) Prose



An angel appearing to a young man in
his sleep ; —

" If thou treadst watchfully the path of
thy life, young man, in the days to come
it shall be thy privilege to build a mighty
temple, and this temple shall be called
great and wonderful by all thy fellows.
so exceeding mighty shall it be. Su-
thou value rightly the great things and
the small things of earth, and build thy
temple so grandly that even thine ene
mies shall have to say, ' He is great ! '

The angel vanishes, and the man
awakes and muses.

"The thing is from above! I will
dwell carefully upon it, and read well the
words of the wise one. I y et me be very
strong, and very patient. Shall I, born
to do some great deed or utter some
divine law, presume to run the risk of
missing my duty because occupied with
trifles? I will not waste myself on trifles
and dissipate all my strength before this
great thing faces me, but I will sit down
and wait for it, and when it comes it
shall find me fully prepared. This is
surely the wisest way, to be always ready
for the performance of my great duty."

The years pass slowly, and the young
man sits still and watches very keenly
for a sign. But the years pass, and the
sign comes not. The years pass and
bring the hour of death, when the angel
appears again.

"Accursed art thou, in that thou hast
not performed that wonderful deed I
foretold thee it should be thy privilege
to do."

With sorrow and with anger the old
man raises his head.

•■ [s it my sin that I could not do what
was not to be done ? I watched, and
waited, and prayed, and crushed life's
pleasures, and sat very .still, but there
was no great deed for me to do, no
wise word for me to speak. Is it my


? "

The face of the angel grows dark,
ami his voice becomes like unto the un-
dertone of the sea.

" Yea, it is thy sin.

''The great deed thou didst miss
would have been made up of the little
things that thou didst choose to pass by.

"What more shall I say?

"Thou hast sinned, yea, thou hast
sinned, because thou didst not see the
greatness of trifles, nor remember that
what thou didst call 'little things'
might be built by thee into a noble

The old man bows his head and is
silent, because the years come and the
years pass and not for small things not
for great things may the years turn

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Online LibraryCharles Frederick HolderThe Californian (Volume 4) → online text (page 82 of 120)