Charles Frederick Holder.

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and carefully guides and control
tone, and Mr. Ruggles devotes him-
self to the business management. It
has the Associated Press franchise,
and is the only morning paper that
has endured in Stockton. When
Phelps & Co. purchased it, it
heavily encumbered, and had lost
some of the prestige which it bad
won by the ability of its early edit
By careful management, const:
tive action, and energy, they
its lost prestige, freed it from in<
brance, doubled the value oi its
plant, increased its revenues more
than double, and have made
the best interior papers of California.

The Mail, the only evening paper
that has enjoyed a career of
length, is a bright, vigorously ed
paper. It is bold in its attacks 00
what it deems wrong, trenchant in
its editorial style, light, newsy,
entertaining in its manner of serving
local news, and has the air of a
thoroughly prosperous paper that can
afford to be independent and attack or
defend whom or what its editor thinks
should be attacked or defended.
It is published by Colnon & Nunan,
E. L. Colnon being the editor and
J. J. Nunan the business mana
They have conducted the paper a
seventeen years, and have covered
the afternoon field so thoroughly
that no competitor has been abl-
make sufficient inroads on them to
enable it to long survive, though
many have tried.

The only weekly paper that has
outlived a couple of years is the
Record. It is a lively, gossipy, in-
dependent sheet, that aims to "shoot
folly as it flies," while also taking a
tilt at politics, as its editor feels in-
clined. It is ten or a dozen years
old, and has for four years been pub-
lished by Denig & Martin. Mr.
Denig, the business manager, was
one of the original publishers, and
has clung to it from its birth. Mr.
Martin, a graduate of the Independent



office, is the editor, and has brought
the Record to a higher plane than it
ever enjoyed under his predecessors.

In the opening of this article, the
founder of Stockton was only inci-
dentally mentioned, but Charles M.
Weber deserves more than this from
Stockton, for which he has done so
much, and for wtfich his widow and
his children continue to do every-
thing that in reason can be expected
of the most liberal and public-spirited
citizens. Captain Weber was the son
of a Lutheran minister in Homburg,
Germany, and was born in that city
February 16th, 1814. He came to
America in 1836, and passed his first
winter in New Orleans. Having
suffered from yellow fever, he sought
health in the then republic of Texas,
and on attaining it joined Houston's
army and fought for Texan liberty.
In 1 84 1, while in St-. Louis, he read
a description of the San Joaquin val-
ley by Dr. John Marsh, who resided
there, and with that impulsiveness
which always characterized him he
set out at once for California, instead
of visiting relatives in Illinois, with
which intent he went to St. Louis.

He reached Sutter's Fort, near the
present city of Sacramento, in the
autumn of that year, and spent the
winter there as general man of busi-
ness for the old Swiss pioneer, with
whom he became a trusted friend
from the moment of his arrival.

In the spring he went to San Jose,
formed a partnership with William
Gulnac, with whom he prosecuted
many enterprises. They built a grist
mill, established a store, began
manufacturing shoes, and in fact
tried to supply all the wants of that
then wild and ill-supplied region.

In 1844, he and Gulnac were
granted eleven square leagues of land
by the Mexican government, being
what is now known as the Weber
grant. In the settlement of their
partnership affairs, this tract was
transferred to Captain Weber, whose
widow and children still own a large
part of it.

In 1847 Captain Weber removed to
Stockton and built a residence on
the peninsula between Stockton and
Miner channels, which is now known
as Weber Point. He subsequently
built what was in its day the grandest
residence in Stockton, which still
stands, and a view of which is pre-

In 1850 Captain Weber was married
to Miss Helen Murphy. Miss Murphy
was the daughter of a pioneer who
emigrated from what was then Lower
Canada in 1842, and settled in San
Jose, where his descendants are
among the most prominent and re-
spected citizens. Three children
were born to them. Of these, two
are now living in Stockton. Charles
M. Weber, the eldest, resembles his
father greatly in person and charac-
ter. He is liberal, enterprising,
energetic, and wholly unpretending.
For some years he resided on a farm
in Santa Clara County, and was
elected from his district a member
of the Assembly. On the death of
his brother, Thomas J. Weber, who
managed the Weber estate in San
Joaquin County, he returned to-
Stockton. The other surviving child
of Captain Weber, Miss Julia, is a
young lady of high accomplishment,
of retiring disposition, who devotes,
herself to her mother's comfort, cares
little for society, but is universally
loved and respected for her amiabil-
ity and her many other estimable
womanly qualities.

Whenever a question arose in
Stockton as to what was best to-
be done for its prosperity, Captain
Weber was the first to be consulted.
Whenever it became a question of
means to be raised, Captain Web-
er took the lead in contributing.
Though almost fiercely jealous of his
rights, he was the most kindty and
lenient to any who tried to wrong
him, once he had conquered the
wrong-doer or the trespasser offered
to make apology or amends. His-
career in America had tended to de-
velop those characteristics, for though



wealth was easily acquired in his day
and the region where he lived, men
often had to defend it with force and

An illustration of these apparently
inconsistent characteristics was given
when squatters and the heirs of his
former partner Gulnac attempted to
take possession of the land within
his grant. He contested their claims
in the courts at an expense that was
greater than the property they at-
tempted to deprive him of. When
he triumphed, he gave every aid to
the squatters, besides forgiving them
their offences against him, but he
regarded the attempt to take his land
as an assault on his integrity, and
that to him was dearer than life.

Captain Weber died May 4th, 1881,
after a brief illness, of pneumonia.
Thus terminated a career of great
usefulness, which the people of
Stockton remember with deep grati-
tude. The portrait of the beloved
founder of the city hangs in almost
every public building and in many
private residences. It occupies the
place of honor in Pioneer Hall,
among the many others that line its
walls, and Captain Charles M. Weber
will be gratefully remembered as
long as Stockton exists and its history
is read.

Stockton was for many years the
home of David S. Terry, the man
who acquired almost a world-wide
reputation by two tragic events. In
the first of these he killed Senator
Broderick, and in the other was killed
by David Neagle, a deputy United
States marshal, for an assault upon
Stephen J. Field, associate justice of
the Supreme Court of the United
States. His widow, who acquired
equal notoriety by her efforts before
her marriage to Terry to establish
her claim to be the wife of ex-Senator
William Sharon, now languishes, a
hopeless maniac, in the insane asy-
lum in the city where her husband
was once so much loved and re-

It was the early home of Josie

Mansfield, the beautiful woman who
caused the quarrel between Colonel
Jim Fisk and Ed Stokes in New
York, which caused the murder of
Fisk. Her father was the editor of
a paper in this city, and was killed
by a man whom he had offended by
something he had published concern-
ing him.

One of the most prominent charac-
ters in Stockton is Thomas Cunnii
ham, the sheriff of San Joaquin
County. Mr. Cunningham
the distinction in California of being
the only sheriff who has been
elected ten times. He is now serving
his eleventh term in that office, and
such is his popularity that he has
several times been the only Republi-
can candidate elected during a time
of a general revulsion in poli:
and has also several times been re-
elected practically without
tion. His efficiency as a sheriff is
such that but two or three persons
who have committed grave crimes
during his twenty-one years of sei
have escaped the penalty of the
crimes they have committed in this
county. He has entirely suppressed
gambling in the county; no prize-
fights or other illegal sports are toler-
ated, and though Stockton is famed
throughout the land as a racing
centre, the dishonest characters who
usually follow the racing circuits
avoid this city, knowing that they
will be almost certain to be arrested
by Sheriff Cunningham or some of
his efficient deputies.

Stockton's kite-shaped race-track
was the first of its kind on the Pacific
Coast, and has been made famous by
the large number of trotting records
broken here by horses of national
reputation for speed.

Among Stockton's attractions are
its mineral water baths. In two of
these, the water from gas wells flows
into large tanks, one of which is over
200 feet long. In these large num-
bers of people indulge in swimming,
and derive great benefit from the
medical effect of the water. Another



of these swimming-baths is being
constructed, and Stockton will soon
be better supplied in this regard
than any city on the coast, San Fran-
cisco not excepted.

When the irrigation systems now
being organized are perfected, the
water at the dams will be utilized as
power to generate electricity. This
will be conveyed to the city to be
used as power in manufactories, and
as a motive power on several lines of
electric railways that are also pro-
jected to interior points for the con-
veyance of freight as well as pass-

It is not difficult, from all that is
here written of existing facts and of
enterprises proposed, to foresee a
great future for Stockton. As a
grain mart with more warehouse
capacity than any city outside of San
Francisco ; as the third shipping-point
for California fruit, according to the
amount forwarded from here as indi-
cated by the Southern Pacific Rail-
road reports; as the greatest flour-
making point in the interior and the
largest manufacturing city, it cannot
stand still. The ratio of its growth in
wealth and population must continue
to increase, until it must in a very
few years become one of two or three
of the cities in California which
will be distinguished beyond all the
others for rapid and solid prosperity,
peacefulness, morality, and high cul-

Although public improvements and
the advance in the value of real es-
tate in Stockton have been rapid
during the last few years, the tax
levy this year is $1.72 on the $100
on a very low valuation in the " old

district," and $1.56 in the new, or
those additions that were not em-
braced within the original corporate
limits. Outside of this are the
suburbs, which, though virtually part
of the city, only pay 72 cents on the
$100, and enjoy the advantages of
the city's schools.

At the election in May, W. R.
Clark was re-elected mayor, a fact
which is very rare in Stockton, no
one having been re-elected to that
office for many years. At the same
election three new members were
elected to the board of school trustees.
The new board will take office in
September, and will consist of George
C. Turner, H. C. Holman, A. R.
Bogue, S. A. Kitchener, and E. W.
S. Woods. The last three take the
places of President R. E. Wilhoit,
L. M. Cutting, and C. A. Keniston.
Of the outgoing members, the first
two have served many terms in that
board, and Mr. Keniston had a long
experience as a teacher, several years
of which were in this city.

The high school graduates this
year a class of forty-two students,
which is the largest ever graduated,
and the examiners from the Univer-
sity of California speak in high praise
of the work done.

The principal, Prof. Robert F.
Pennel, who has only held that posi-
tion one year, was recently elected
principal of the State Normal School
at Chico. He is the second principal
of the high school to be called to an
important position in a like school,
Prof. A. H. Randall, now of the
State Normal School at San Jose,
having for several years presided in
the Stockton high school.


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Baking Powder

"Royal" is found by analyses the only baking
powder in the world that is chemically pure,
leaving neither acid nor alkali in the food.

It is the highest in leavening power, will
keep its full strength until used, and renders all
quickly raised food more delicious and whole-

Dr. Cyrus Edson. Commissioner of Health
of New -York, says that "Royal" is the 1><
baking powder; the only baking powder that
will raise large bread perfectly.



London music halls are more prosperous than ever. Theatres droop, but music halls
flourish. — Daily Newspaper, Sept. 7th, 1893.

Theatres droop and the drama wanes. Tragedy palls and great comedy is
out of date. Odds and ends are written and trifles are admired. The years
of genius have passed away, and the triumph of talent is at hand. Passions
do noc exist in the grand, but sentiments are played with in the dilettante. The
period of the Romance is upon us, and the Future is yet to come.

When Talent shall have pictured all the mean details, and Fancy have
sculptured all the petty ideals; when Stevenson shall have described all the
isles of the South Seas and Peary have centred the North Pole; when Hardy
shall have recorded the peasantry of England and Howells have done with the
bon ton and the mediocre of New York; when Dana shall have foretold the
legislation of the next decade, and Senator Sherman have disappeared from
Congress; when the master-minds of meagre things shall have had their say
and their impress placed on the mould of time; when Gladstone shall fail, and
Bismarck be entombed, and Pope Leo join the registry of the saints; when
actors shall seem to be no more and of statesmen there are none, Reformation
may follow. For in the contention of discordant elements, in the confusion of
disarranged contraptions the Great Individuality will arise, and the Era of
Leadership will be begun.

Democracy has reached its height, royalty has seen decay, and the repub-
lic is in straits. We are in the face of new factors that have never operated be-
fore. Intelligence is extending its domain to other creatures than man, and
foresight is running into the realities of prophecy. The inspired air is the
fosterer and promoter of disease, and the enemies of man are greater than he
knew. Microscopic life besets his body and consumes his strength. Intense
activity wears away his frame, and deteriorates his race. Man is living too
fast. He is traversing the seas and the land with equal ease. He is gathering
the news of the universe by the wire and the lens with a rapidity and accuracy
that fixes his mind in a thousand places in a thousandth part of so many
minutes. From the centre of Africa to the border of Thibet; from the top of
Hamilton to the rim of Saturn; from the heart of the happy self to the squalor
of the desolate poor ; from the sublimity of knowledge to the criminality of
ignorance! The unspoken voice of one speaks to the unlistening ear of
another, three, five and more thousand miles away; and the Mahatmas reveal
of the past while the mediums pretend to photograph the immortal ghosts ; a
great editor of a metropolitan journal falls a victim to the faith, and the unlet-
tered country lad is amazed at the exhibits. Suicides in the city of London
increase at an astounding rate and the fear of death becomes as nothing. The


Recipes for October,

By Mrs. Ewing, Miss Parloa, Marion
Harland, Mrs. Lincoln, Miss Hope.
Griddle Cakes made with Sweet Milk.— By Maria Pari oa —Mi* » - -

teaspoonful of salt one tablespoonful of sugar and twoTa.*™^^

this mature through it fall into a bowl. Add tC genero^fs of mil "^e Ubles^nfcl.

on a griddle, and serve at once — < Copyright.)
teaspoonfuls Cleveland's Baking Powder. ~ Add a'cup ofTweef milk and a^tabV^nfT °e ^J?* tw0
Stir into a batter Half fill a buttered baking dish w/?h ouart'rs of pan* to £.£X*° ^PouMhe oa^t """•
them and b ike three-quarters of an hour, or until nicely browned Sm~. lEv, 1 v- ^ „ ,?" rr

of melted butter and one well beaten ere "Fry In small «k£^? fUSEi* ^ ° f mUk ' threc t*M«*Poonfuli

Apple Dumpling.-By Mrs. EM?f A P ^wi^-slft og"^^^^

jcnnnnAiic r-ia^aio^'c RoH n „ is 1„_ a j j _ , »'t cups of flour and two

One rounded

does more and better work
than a heaping

teaspoonful of others.

While Cleveland's is the strongest of all
pure cream of tartar baking powders (see official
Reports), its chief merit is not its strength but
its perfect purity and wholesomeness.

Cleveland's bal ing powder ; "pure and sure"

A quarter pound can mailed free on receipt of 15 cents in stamps.
Cleveland Baking Powder Co., 81 Fulton St., New York.

. <.\rr

Serve with a hard or -

Us* only Cleveland's baking

Minute Biscuit.— By
Marion H ari.ano.— One
quart of flour, one table-
spoonful of butter
same of lard, two teaspoon-
fuls of Cleveland's baking
powder, half teaspoonful of
sale, one pint of cold water,
one teaspoo.

sugar, .sift baking pow-
der, salt, sugar and flour
together hop up

the shortening in the flour,
not touching

hands, stir in with a wooden
spoon the cold w a
out quickly, cut into round
cakes and bake in a good
oven.-" Finding < Jet eland's
baking powder to be really
ihe best, I recommended it
in 'Common Sense in the
Household,' and now us*
it exclusively. "—April 5, '93.
Marion Harland.
Apple Kokcr.-lw
Mrs. Lincoln— Mix well
one-half teaspoonful salt
and two level teaspoonfuls
Cleveland's Baking Pow-
der with two cups sifted
flour. Rub in one quarter
cup cold butter. Beat one
egg light, add three-quar-
ters cup milk, and stir it
into the flour. Use more
milk if needed to make
the d<>ugh soft enough to
spread half an inch thick
on a shallow baking pan.
Quarter, pare and core
four large sour applet, and
divide each quarter length-
wise. Lay them in pirallcl
rows on top of the dough,
core edge down, and
press them into the dough
slightly. Sprinkle two table-
spoonfuls sugar 01
apple, but do not let it
touch the pan. Bake in a
hot oven twenty minutes.
Turn it out, apple side up,
on a platter, and scr

lemon Sauce — Mix well
three heaping teas

fuls corn starch with one cupof sugar, in a granite sauce-pan. Add two cups boiling water, stir well, and
cook ten minutes. Add the grated rind and juice of one lemon and one tablespoonful butter. If the sauce
be too thick to pour easily add more boiling water.— {Copyright 1891 by Cleveland Baking Pou
Jam Puffs.— By Miss Amabel G. E. Hope.— One cup flour, one

level teaspoonful Cleveland's Baking Powder and a speck of salt sifted

spoonfuls of beef drip
to make a stiff dough. Roll it out very thin on a well floured board

into a bowl. One cup of dry mashed potato mixed into it. Then rub
in three tablespoonfuls of beef dripping; mix with enough cold water

Cut into rounds, wet the edges, put a spoonful of jam on each round.
Fold over and press together the edges, lay them on a greased tin
and bake in a hot oven ten minutes.-c7.r<f <?«/v Cleveland's Baking Powder.

400 Recipes

Send stamp and


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religions of legends shake to pieces, and Anarchy is offset by the Populist's
hyperbole of government.

The spirit of charity grows apace, but the beggar is denied his place in
civilization. Man must work or man must not eat. The rich must share of
their bounty, or the unemployed will steal it from their coffers. The merchant
kings must dissipate their wealth or lie crushed under its over-toppled ruins.
For the time of the plebs has come again, the rebellion against the aristos, the
struggle of man for power; the equalizing of forces, the tie in the race, the
bursts of fearful speed, the fainting of the mighty. Disaster carries great and
small alike in her monstrous stretchers. The mighty start again and stumble
and fall ; only the mightier still go on. When the race is done there will be
few at the end, but one will be first — the mightiest, the great genius, the new

Theatres will revive, and music will be renewed. The period of the
Romance will be passed, and the new Luthers, the new Colonies, and the new
Shakespeare will appear. Gladstone and Bismarck and Cleveland will have
been the forerunners of great new nations — Independence and Compromise
and Tyranny combined; Zola and Hardy and Howells and Bierce, the genii of
the new novel ; unrestrained realism, studied profundity, picturesque actuality,
and violent impulsiveness. Boyle O'Reilly, Doctor Holmes, Walt Whitman
and his school, progenitors of better things to come: of pathetic humor, of
humorous truth, of libertied expression : great men, but Greater Men are to
be. The odds and ends will be gathered and synthesized and made as one,
great expressions of the past, great tenets for the future. Human life will be
re-estimated, human ambition reset — and a new course begun. — Anon.


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If I were hanged on the highest hill,

Mother o' mine, O mother o' mine !
1 know whose love would follow me still,

Mother o' mine. O mother o' mine.'

If I were drowned in the deepest sea,

Mother o' mine. O mother o' mine!
I know whose tears would come down to me,

Mother o' mine. O mother o' mine !

If I were damned of body and soul,

1 know whose prayers would make me whole,

Mother o' mine. O mother o' mine !

— Rudyard Kipling.




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Online LibraryCharles Frederick HolderThe Californian (Volume 4) → online text (page 99 of 120)