Charles Gordon] [Greene.

The identity of the old Hartford convention Federalists with the modern Whig, Harrison party (Volume 2) online

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I



\Bosion Morning Post, Extra August, 1840.]



THE IDENTIT*Y



OLD IMIITFOIII) CONVENTION FEDERALISTS



WITH THE



MODERN WHIG, HARRISOxN PARTY.



CAREFULLY ILLUSTRATED BY LIVING SPECIMENS,

AND

DEDICATED TO THE f OUNG MEN OF THE UNipN._



^Vitx-T-^iias ^^^c^■don ,a V\; ., o.y - %- '■\,'\if.hx^^^'^^^^^ "^^^Wt



Old party distinctions are revived. The Fund-
ino- and National Debt and National Bank sys-
tems of Hamilton, which Jefferson weakened,
Jackson vetoed, and Van Buren abolished, are
strenuously urged again by the party that so clam-
orously support William, H. Harrison for Pres-
ident. Willie General Harrison is held up at the
Soutii a.s opposed to a United States Bank, he is
known to be under the guidance of men at the
North, who Tuean by " Reform " the restoration
of a United States Bank.

To disguise the end, it is pretended by those
who use Harrison as the " instrument " to re-
vive Federalism and the Bank, that they are in
fact the Democratic party, the disciples of Jeffer-
son and Madison ; while Jackson, Van Buren, and
the supporters of their administrations, are the old
Federalists !

Fatuity could not have feigned, nor credulity
compassed, that such a pretence would be set up,
had we not seen that there are men among us,
claiming to have rational souls, wlio make the
drinking of hard cider the rallying test and stim-
ulus of their party. Having seen tlus, we may
well be prepared to see any thing, however ab-
surd, from such a party.

In the Boston Atlas of August 4, 1840, may be
found the following : —

" The present VVhi^s are not the old Hartford Con-
vention Federalists. We all know that that class of pol-
iticians became dissatisfied with John Q. Adams, and
pending the second canvass went over to Andrew Jack-
son ! The ffreat Republican partxj adhered to their
allegiance, and were then as they nam arc, true Demo-
crats of the Jefferson school, constituting the
PRESENT Whig party."

The recklessness of Whiggery leaves nothing
sacred. History must be turned out of doors, and
Falsehood put in her place. Since, then, this al-
leged change of old parties is to be falsely as-
sumed to practise on the young men who have
not examined the subject, it becomes indispensa-
ble to put it right. Let those who have sought to
seize the monument of Jefferson, and place itover
the bones of Federalism, thank themselves for
having compelled us to restore it to its right
place, with its true inscription, and expose the
rottenness it has been made to cover. We would
pain no living man connected with those scenes.
Many of them are venerable, and most estimable
ia private life. We would tread lightly on the



ashes of the dead ; but truth — historic truth —
eternal truth"^— must not, and shall not, be sacri-
ficed.

Assertions are so recklessly made in these
times, by systematic writers of falsehood, that the
man of truth is rarely believed on his mere word.
We sliall therefore support every assertion with
proof, and this will necessarily make the detail
of evidence somewhat voluminous. Its impor-
tance will repay a patient examination.

The assertion of the British Whig party, who
support Harrison, is, that theij are the true JefTer-
sonian, Democratic Republican party; and that
the old Hartford Convention Federalists have
gone over to Jackson and Van Buren in a body !

This assertion is impudently made here in Mas-
sachusetts, in the leading organ of Mr. Daniel
{Webster. Here, then, it should be examined ;
for Massachusetts was the cradle of the Hartford
Convention, as she has been, and will continue
to be, the drath-hed, of old parties.

This assertion in the Atlas has a meanintr. It
follows clo.'ie upon the display of " the signify
CA.NT banner " at Baltimore, by the Boston Har-
rison Delegation, and closer still upon the decla-
ration of Mr. Daniel Webster, at the Log Cabin
gathering in Alexandria, in the District of Co-
lumbia, the 1 1th of June last, when he pledged
his men of the North to go with the men of the
South, in electing Harrison to the Presidency.

That was a meeting ominous to the South,
deceptive to the North.

The secret policy of tampering with the AboU'
tionists of the JYorth, had been perfected so far
as it could be carried without endangering the
Sovth. Mr. Webster relied on party machinery
to carry the Whig Abolitionists of his section, let
him say what he would to the Soutli ; and he took
the occasion at Alexandria, just upon the disclo-
sure of General Harrison's secret letter .to Mr.
Evans, to proclaim on alliance with the South, in
the hope of strengthening General Harrison in
that section, and doing away the effect of the
discovery of^ Mr. William B. Calhoim's corre-
spondence with the ."Vbolitionists of Massachusetts.
These are the memorable words Mr. Webster
used on that occasion : —

"WE have mahe William Henry Harrisoh
the bearer of OUR Standard ! "

Who are they, and what in their standard ?



A



Where have they ever been, and where do they
ever mean to be? •

This is not the first time that Mr. Webster has
efficiated in the ceremony of a left-handed mar-
riage between the Federalists of Massachusetts
and the Whigs of the South and West.

The 10th of November, l>i'^7, Mr. John Bell,
of Tennessee, appeared at a great Whig meeting
in Faneuil Hall, Boston, and standing beside
Daniel Webster, who presided in that meeting,
Mr. Bfll exclaimed, " Tennessee is in princu'le
WITH Massachusetts."

The same men who stood by Mr. Webster to
ratify that alliance, the John Davises, the Benja-
min Russelis, the I. C. Bateses, and the Salton-
stalls, are now his vouchers for the pledge at
Alexandria. Who and where aie fAcy.?

Daniel Webster was tlu? author of the Rock-
ingliam Circular, adopted by a Convention of
Federalists in New Hampshire, denouncing the
war, from whicii he was transferred to Congress.
Previous to this, in IdllU, he delivered an oration,
tlie 4th of July, before '• Uic Federal, gentlemen "
of Concord, N. H., in which lie inveiirhed against
President Jellersoa, and denounced him for his
love of peace and regard to economy.

'^ Patriotism," said he, " has given place to the spiiit
of economy, llegard to national honor is absorbed in
a thirst for gain, and a desire to gave."

In his pampiilet against the Embargo, Mr.
Webster said of JelTerson —

" When a man's pretensions are utterly inconsistent
wilk his actions, his pretensions must be false. The
motive assigned for laying the embargo, was never llie
ti-ue motive. When we have a 15ritisli war, we of
pourie [shall] have a French alliance, and surrender our
lilierties and independence to llic protection of Bona-
parte."

In 1812, at a Federal Convention held in Brent-
/ wood, Mr. Webster reported resolutions justifying
/ the public enemy, and condemning his own. gov-
\ ernment.

^ While in Congress, he opposed tlie war at everj'

I step. Among volumes of speeches, denouncing

I the war and flie adininistratic^n, he said —

^ " Utterly aslonislied at the declaration of war, I have

been surprised at nothing since. I saw how it would be

prosecuted, when 1 saw liow it was hegiin. There is an

unchangeable rehilioii between rash councils ayd

FEEBLE EXECUTION."

"' They (the Federalists) know llie limit of ronslilii-
lional opposition. Up to that limit they will walk, an<l
walk fearlessly."

He thus exulted at the defeat of our arms and
the murderous inroads of the savages —

"This is not the enterlai anient to which we were in-
riled. We arc told that these disa|ip()intmenLs are
owing to the opposition whicli the war encounters. Tliis
is no new strain. It is the constant tune of evciy
WE.4K or wuKKl) administration!"

Let the; recorded votes of Mr. Webster in ('on-
gress show where he was and ever has been.

July 1, lHi:i, Daniel Webster voted against a
bill fur assessing and collectiuir taxes to sustain
the war; July '.Itli, against ii bill for duties on
refined sugars and sales at auction.

January 7, 1HI4, he voted against a hill to (ill
tlie ranks of tlf army ; January It), against a bill
ti> delect and punish Irailors and spict ; .lanuary
21!, against a bill to ijniist troops during the war,
in a ininorily of senn ; January 2r>, against en-
forcing the noii-imporlution laws; February H,
againbt raising five regimentH ; March 2:t, against
rnlling mit <he militia to exeeutf? the laws and ri -
|K.'.l invasi'Ui ; Deeeiiiber I, airainst providing
ruvonue fur luaintaiiiing the public credit; De-



ceniber 10," against calling on the States for their
quotas of inilitia to defend the frontiers ; on the
PJth, against a bill to provide for the expenses of
the war, and against a lull to proride for rebuilding
the Capitol and public offices, which had been burnt
by the cnemi/ !

In the same spirit, in 1836, when we were
tlireatened with a French war, and it was proposed
to put means in the hands of Andrew Jackson to
defend the country, Daniel Webster exclaimed in
the United States Senate, " I would not vote for
the bill if the enemy were battering dosvn the
walls of the Capitol."

A very natural sentiment from the man who
voted against rebuilding the Capitol after the ene-
my had burnt it down.

So much for the Army. What did Mr. Web-
ster do for the Navy ? He now pietends that
was his I'avorite in the war, and the Federalists
lately gave him a cane made from wood of Perry's
flag-ship. What did he do for the Navy ?

The 7th of January, 1811, Mr. Webster voted
against an appropriation of one million, for de-
fraying the expenses of the Xaxij ! This was less
than lour months after the victory of Perry on the
Lakes, so that had the country depeilded on
Daniel Webster, the gallant Peny's tlag-sh'p could
not have been kept afloat.

The catalogue is not full, but it is sulrlcicnt.

And who are Daniel Webster's associates in
Massachusetts, who have made William llenry
Harrison the bearer of their standard.? We iviU
identify some of the leaders.

John Davis, (the Federal Harrison candidate
for Governor against the patriotic and incwrrupti-
ble Marcus Morton.) And where has Jolui Davis
been.' We have just stated that, in 1814, Mr.
Webster voted against rebuilding the Capitol.
How his associate, Mr. John Davis, received the
news of that outrage, will appear from the follow-
ing statement: —

[From the WorcBSter Palladium.]

SENATOR D.AVIS.

" John Dnvis is llie man who oiive three CHEtr.s, f/t Ote

sti-ecls iif Il'urccster, when he rece.ivid tht nrios thai Ihr. British

army had sacked the city uf IVashiiiglun, and blunt tht

Capitol."

This statement wo made on the aiitlinrity of an un-
impeachable witness, who stood within a few feet of Mr.
Uavis at the time. All three of the Whig papers of this
town, the Spy, the ./I'jgis, and the North Bend, have
denied that any thing of the kind ever occurred, ai>d
have hurled at the Palladium the keenest shahs their
malice could command. But not intending to be
browbeaten by them out of what we believed to be
truth, we have persisted in llic truth of the statement,
'i'lie /I'.gis has pursued us with singular virulence, de-
claring as follows : —

" It is iai.se that ever a man of our population rejoiced
thai the C;ipit(il liad lieen captnied, sacked, and hnrned;"
and lli;it " there is no person, nenllenian, or of other de-
sciiptioM, now resi<lin[£ in Worcester, who will say thnthe
ever knew or heard Mr. Davis, hy word or act, exult over
any victory of tlie British, becanse siiili an ail was never
doiic hy hiui. It is a lilirl im utir loirn In affirm thai any of
ITS CITIZENS shouted when the intelliireiiec, which stirred
every lireast with indigtuilion, ufthc<iuptareof li'ashinglon,
was received."

Now mark how plain a tale shall put our re\ ilcr

'i'" ^ ^ ^ ^ ^

[From the National iTiRis of .'Viigiist HI, I6M.]
" Iloiiiiiui.K Dcrn.wiTv. When the news of the cap-
TCBK UK Wasiiinoton reached this toton, some of the
LK.MJINC FKDKIt.XMt^TS «/ini/i/ erj»re.s-.sf(/ Mm- n ratifi-
cation, miii^lul wilh a RKCKKT, that titr. I'KFSIDli.NT waa
not iiwulvtd in the uesthoction nfthe (^'aimtoi, ! "



h k k



■&



h



If we aro rightly informed, Iho Democratic /Egis of
1814 (not llie Federal yEgis of It! 10) was under the
control of a brother of the present editor of the yEgis.
Of course we shall have no more denials from that quar-
ter, that "some of the leading Federalists" of this
town were so horribly depraved as to openly express
their gratification at the destruction of the Capitol.
Shall w c have any restrictions 1 Our accusation against
Mr. Davis lags far behind that of the .iigis of 18U. We
liave not accused him of expressing a " regret that the
President was not involved in the destruction of the
Capitol," though Irom the temper of his writings at that
time, there can be little doubt that the destruction of
ftJr. Madison would have sent a thrill of joy through the
frame of a man whose daily habit it was to calumniate
him as />ase. perjidiuiis, cowardly, and a ''buffoon.''

^ In 1816, the year after the war, the same Mr.

^ John Davis delivered an oration on the 4th of Ju-
ly, before the Federalists of Worcester. We give
a few extracts, to show the cliaracter of that oration.

'• Could Federalists exult in the discharge of severe
and ungrateful duty, iliey might look back with proud
satisfaction on their career."

" What i.s our remuneration for the toil, the labor,
a-nd the peril of that season of calamity 1 [the war]. Arc
the Canadas subdued ? Have we any safer passport
on the highway of nations ? On these subjects the
boasted treaty which was sealed with the blood of thou-
sands, is silent. What then are the trophies of that ob-
durate combat ? National glory ? And what is that
national glory achieved by the blood of thousands ?
Ask tliat blazing meteor which consumed Moscow, and,
sliorn of its beams, has set in the Western Ocean '
[Napoleon.]

•' Our lesson, though less disastrous, is not much less
humiliating.

" When the tax-gatherer knocks at your doors, re-
member that the tribute he demands, is the purchase of
national glory.

" When the fishermen sees his occupation gone, let
him remember that his government have made the sac-
ritice for national glory,

"When the merchant murmurs that he is shut out
from the West India trade, let him remember it was
abandoned in quest of national glory.

" When in the disguise of double duties you pay an
exorbitant tax on all foreign commodities, [the 'J'ariil',]
let it not escape your minds that this too is a tribute for
national glory.

" When you see the page of history which record.s
the sacking of Alexandria, and the destruction of the
Capitol, remember that these were only piopitialory
ofTerings on the altarof ambition, to secure the blessing's
of mxtioual glory.

" The Federalists are gratified that they have enW
so little, that they have boldly confronted tlie menaces of
pawer, the wiles of ajnbition, and in the darkest times
advocated those great measures which were calculated
Jo accelerate the prosperity, and promote the permanent
mterests of the nation ; while they have strenuouslv op-
posed that narrow, self-destroying policy, which iras
founded in party animosity, adapted to a foreign climate,
and drew after it porerty, war, and the loss of inval-
uable national privileges."

This is the eulogy which that inodern pretender
to the Jefferson school, " honest " ("■ av, honest ")
John Davis, pronounced on tiie administrations of
Jefferson and Madison.

In the same oraffon, he extolled " the heroes of
Chippewa and J\/'cw Orleans, who had redeemed
their country from infamy," while the only indi-
rect allusion to Harrison, was as one of the actors
'• m that storm of rapid proclamalions which
howled along our JVorthern border."
^ Mr. Davis now holds the office of United States
Senator, under the Mas.saclmsetts Federal Whigs,
and is also their candidate for (ro^rernor.

For several years he was their agent to collect
the militia claims of Massachusetts for her share
in achieving what Mr. Davis sneered at as the
moonshine of national glory !



Take a hricf history of another of these " Whigs
of the Jefferson school," who is associated with
Mr. Webster in making General Harrison the
bearer of their standard.

IsA.\c C. B.\TKS, one of the Harrison electors
for Massachusetts, and a missionary of the Harris-
burg Convention.

July 14th, l!?12, this same Mr. Isaac C. Bates
was secretary of the Federal Convention for Hamp-
shire, Franklin, and Hampden, held at JNorthamp-
ton, to denounce the war, every living man of
which convention, save one, is now a Harrison
Whig. Mr. Bates was chosen one of the Commit-
tee of Safety, with Lyman, and Strong, and oth-
ers, every living man of whom is now a high
Whig, viz. Joseph Lyman, the Whig Sheriff of
Northampton county, a surviving member of the
Hartford C<;nventi<in ; Richard E. J\cwcouib, Judge
of Probate for Franklin ; Leicis Utrvjig, son of
Governor Caleb Strong ; Elijah Mvord, Register
of Probate for Franklin ; George Grenncll, Whig
member of the last congress ; and

O.MVEu B. MoRiiis, Judge of Probate for Hamp-
den, and Mr. IV. B. Calhoun s confidential corre-
spondent, to whom he wrote the letter {not to get
into the ncwsptipers) to be used to satisfy the Abo-
litionists that General Harrison was icith them,
and would do all in his power for emancipation.

That Conventi'in, of which these living Whigs
were most prominent members, adopted a memo-
rial calling on the President forthwith to make
peace with Great Britain; and they

" 7?f.?o/i-cf/, That our rulers [James Madisoh, ikc]
have prostrated our national cliaracter, sacrificed our
vital interests, and finally involved us unjirepared in the
calamities of war."

This manifesto was signed by Isaac C. Bates
as secretary.

And he is the same man who, in February,
1812, pronounced an oration before " the Wash-
ington Benevolent Society" of the county of
Hampshire, in which he eulogized Ames and
Hamilton as patriots, and denounced Jeffersoa
and Madison as traitors. Hamilton's system of
KEVENiE — the very thing Mr. Van Buren and the
Democracy are opposing — he called

'• The main artery of the body politic, which even the
Vandal hand of this administration [Madison's] dare
not cut."

Of the British treaty, the famous Jay treaty,
lie said, " We owe to it more of our prosperity
than I can recount."

Of Jefferson and Madison he said,

"By none were these measures and President Wash-
ington himself assailed with more fatal efi'ect, than liy
Mr. Madison and Mr. Jeifkrson. 'I'he one led the
o|)position in the House of Representatives ; the other
aljandoned his ( 'abinet."

Mr. Bales .also sneeringly compared Thomas
Jefferson to Tom Paine, and exclaimed, " jPar
vohlle fratrum!" Here is a right "Jefferson
Whig," truly.

Mr. Bates is also the man who, in 1813, as a
member of the Massachusetts Legislature, opjjosed
the war at every stej). He also was prominent in
supporting resolutions that the admission jf i.,ou-
isiana into the Union was a violation of the Con-
stitution, and directing the delegation in congress
to obtain a re|)eal of the act of admission. Oppo-
sition to Louisiana was a cardinal virtue with the
Hartford Convention Federalists. And 7M)jc these
same men appeal to Louisiana to Iiel]) them elect
Harrison ; and this same Mr. Isaac C. Bates was
a principal agent in the nomination- of General
Harrison at Harrisburg, and is now at the head
OF the list of Harrison electors for Massackusettg.



He also Iiolds the office of commissioner on in.l.- Th.s same Mr. Saltonstall .s now a Wh.ff mera-
tia dahi s growin.. out of the war he so velic- ber of congress, ar.d one of the '• Wh,g Executive
nitonnoed ° Committee " for the nation, who tell the people

Hon Lkvfhktt Saltonstall is another of that their o6/«r.s " the restoration of the go vern-
Mr Webster's associates in makm^ General Hnr- ment to the days of her judrud Presidents.
Sson the standard-bearer of the old Federal party, Mr. S. has violently opposed or denounced eve-
u,Xr their new name. ry Republican President from Jefterson to Van^

M. Saltoastall, in July, 1812, was chosen, with Buren. He never approved any admin.strat.on
Timothy Pickering, delegate to the Federal rebel but of the two Adamses. He was chairman of
convention held in Boston, August (i, \^\2, to op- the conm.ittee of arrangements at the gi eat Wing
D°s. the war He voted for an address on that dinner m Salem to Mr. Webster, m the panic ot
V .\\» r„\^\rh >*iv<i— 1*^:^4, and was master of ceremonies m receiving

occa.sion, which says - ^ Mr. John Bell, in 1«37, when he came to lay Teu-

" In an evil hour, Mr. Jefferson gamed Ihe President s j^py^^^j ^^ ^j^^. j-j^j.^ ^f the Federalists of Massa-
chusetts.

We will sketch but one more of General Harri-
son's aids in supporting the Federal standard.
"of Major Bknjamin Russell, the editor of the
list Boston Centinel through the war. To show
where he now is, we quote the veteran's toast
given at a celebiation of the last 4th of July by
the Whigs of Boston.

'• By Major Benjamin Russell. The powerful Ainfr-
icon M7nV Loc nmoth-e, whU its aUciidanl Cars, — tiie
Conslilulion, Public Prosperity, l.ihcrly, K<|iial l.av.s,
the Poor Man's Jiiglits,-And ilnh Man's Prh-i/r ::>:<: —
May the progress of llieir passengers lo the liairJMm
Polls be onward, forward, and slraightward, liaiu! ni
Irand, slioulder to shoulder, and llicir journey he
crowned with such success, as will induce ail other
Locos to join company, and unite cordially in the >hcM,
"Gotiliead, — for we iww /enow the Wliigs arc rizht."

Major Russell now hnmrs that tiie V.'liigs are
right": he scents the black cockade of General



chair. .

« Our country, then prosperous, has been giievoiisltj
oppressed bv ruinous eominercial restrictions, which


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Online LibraryCharles Gordon] [GreeneThe identity of the old Hartford convention Federalists with the modern Whig, Harrison party (Volume 2) → online text (page 1 of 6)