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"therein, hereby we declare, that by the word office therein we understand
"any place of special trust, viz., the bursar, dean, the steward, sacrist, or
" of especial command, the president, seniors, and the deputies into which
"places our intent was, that no person should be chosen without the
"covenant first by him taken before us, and certificate thereof by us. We
"except not against Mr Caly, nor any senior, or their deputy already
"chosen, but that they may be elected into such place as they are capable
"of; nevertheless, in regard there is in your college but one senior
"president, which as we are informed is Mr Peachy, we require him,
"together with Mr David and Mr Heron, deputys of two absent seniors, to
" join with the master of the said colledge, notwithstanding our said former
"order to the contrary. [24 Jan. 1644.]

"EoBT. Castell. Tho. Bendish.

"Peter Smith. Ja. Willet."

"Jo. Robson.
— Heywood and Wright, Univ. Trans, ii. 463.

Vol. III. p. 389, insert after 1. 15,

On the 1st of August, Mr Lowry, the Mayor, addressed the following
Letter to the Speaker of the House of Commons :

To the Hon. William Lenthall, Esq., Speaker, &c.

Hon'^ Sir. My servis being presented, you were pleased by an order,
to appoint me to take care, for the spedie sending of the proporcion of
horse assigned uppon the countie of Cambridge, to be imploytil at Grantum,
& likewise to take care, that our Countie doe bring in their recruites
& ould levies, & also the monies assessed upon our Countie for that
worthie & successful commander Sir Thomas Farfax. Now according to
my dutie, I shall give you some acconipt what hath byne done. I have lost
noe tyme in my stayeing heare, but 1 dare say, my being heare hath much
advaunced the bewsincs. Our proporcion of horse be all sent verie well
accoutered, & were at their liendevouse the first that came their. For our
recruites, wee have sent our men that are imprest awaie, but the Conductor
of them is not as yit returned to give us an accompt, how manie he hath
delivered, but I hope he will deliver his number, if not wee will impresse


more, if their be Ccawse. And for Sir Thomas Farfax his monie, their is
fovver moneths eompleate sent upp both for Towne & Countie, & their is
fower moneths more a gathering, & Hkewise the proporcion of horse, that is
to be sent to Oxford, & those partes be all readie (men bring them in veri
frelie, being gentlie dealt withall), they shall all be sent awaie to morrowe,
or uppon Mondaie at the furthest, with sufficiant monie in their purses,
& they will be I believe the best horses that will be sent. If their should be
anie thing moved, that conseruce the Town & the Universitie, I pray you let
it be put ofe, untill either my Partner Mr Cromwell or my self be theare,
that their may be nothing done to the preagedise of our Towne, who are so
faithfull & so reall for yow. Thus hoping of your Justice in this particular,
I shall take my leave, and Rest

Your servant, John Lowry.
From Cambridge, this, first of Aug. 1G45.}

[Endorsed From the Maior of Cambridge, August 1st, 1645.] W

Vol. III. p. 389,

On April 5, 1645, the Committee of both Kingdoms ordered :

That Dr Brownrigg be committed to prison at Winchester House for
being accused of publicly preaching a seditious sermon in Cambridge.

On April 2, the Committee of both Kingdoms to Committee at
Cambridge and Governor of the Castle :

Upon information of some miscarriages lately committed by Dr Brownrigg
we desire you to send him up in custody.

On April 8, committed to Dr Dillingham's house.(*)

Vol. III. p. 394, after Mildmay in 1. 12, add as a note,

Sir Henry Mildmay was Governor of Cambridge Castle at or about this
time. — Autobiography of Sir John Bramston, 124.

Vol. III. p. 394, insert after 1. 32,

The following is an extract from the Life of Matthew Robinson,
at this period a student of St John's College :

Butt hee had not settled him self many weekes in quiett, till the King's
Army broke into the Associated Countys, tooke Huntingdon, & in parlyes
came neere to Cambridg, on which Alarum the Bells rung backwards,
& the Beacons were fired as if Hanniball had bene at the Gates : all the
Cantabrigian Students in 4 hours time, were all fled two & 3 on an horse,
& the rest footed it to freinds in safe places. Hee being an absolute
stranger left with another Freind of his, by his advice betooke them selfes
to his old Stratageme,!''' flyeing into marchy countrys, & making to the
He of Ely, where enemys horse could not come, but by Boat. But the
country circumjacent being called in on payne of death to defend Cambridg,

(a) MS. Baker, xxxv. 57. {b) Calendar of State Papers, Domestic,

(c) This passage refers to former incidents in Iiis Life.


the rude Rabble stopped him flyeing, & beate his companion, bringing them
back to Cambridg after 2 or 3 escapes, other Rusticks treated them in like
manner. He being thus brought back to Cambridg, & remembering his
many Flights of this nature,'"* resolved never more to flye, though hee dyed
on the spott. Therefor to the Castle in Cambridg he goeth, addressing
him self to the Governour, who was a Master of Arts & a Captaine,"*'
offering his service in that juncture to live & dye in the defense of that
cittadell. The Governour armed him with sword, firelock, & Bandoliers,
taking him into his own poost. In this Castle hee was upon his military
duty every night, & in the mornings stole into the Colledge with his
Gowne, none knowing this his new adventure, untill the King's forces were
driven away : after this time hee mett with noe interruption att all in his

Mr Lowry, the Mayor, on the 27th of August, wrote the following
Letter. It was probably addressed to the Speaker of the House of
Commons :

Hon''. Sir, I shall give you a sliorte accounte of the affaires here.

The King beate our forces at Huntington, & tooke Major Gibbs & some

CO Prisoners, being all common Soulders, which are sente to Cambridge,

in exchange of some of our Prisoners, & not above 5 killed in tiie fight.

Wee have had stronge alarums, within 4 miles of our Towno we stood

uppon our guard, & summoned all the Countye*''' to come in, whicli

accordingly came in to our assistance, (onlye Essex) not a man of theirs

came in, notwithstanding Letters sent unto them divers times of our

dangers. The last answer I hard from them was, that our Towne & Castle

was taken, & soe thought not fitt to come, I have bine draweing all our

forces this 3 nights into the feilds, taking noe rest, which I beleive standing

uppon our guard both in Towne and feilde, hath hindred the king of his

dissigne, now soe it is with us for the present, our feares are sume what

blone over. The King marched from Huntingdon yesterday unto St Noates,

& this morning wee heere, that he is at Bedford, & they are very much

affrighted, as appeares by some Prisoners we have taken, wee heere that

Collonell Roshester with some Scotts is come to Stilton, which is about

35 Miles from us, & wee have sent G Troopes of our horse in the pursute

of the Kinge this morneiiig, & I accompanied them a good parte of the waye,

that they might loose noe time. I shall not trubhle you anye farther for

the present, but Remane,

Your faithfuU Servant,

John Lowry.

Cambridge, this 27th of August, 1G45.
Sir,— Since the Sealeing of my Letter, our sixe Troopes of horse are
retreated, where they were tenn miles from us, & they report that the

(«) This passage refers to former iiRidciits in liis Life.

lb) Col. Mildiiiav. , , , ,• , , ■ ,

((-) Life of Mattliow Robinson, MS. in St .lolm's Coll. Library, lately puMislied. with
valuable notes by the Kev. J. K. li. Mayor.
(<i) Country is evidently the word intended.


enemy was there with a strong party, but how true, I know not, which hath
putt us into new feares, yet however, are resolved to stand to it for the Safe
gard of the Towne.'"'

Vol. III. p. 397, insert after 1. 4,

On the 13th of November, the Cambridge Committee wrote as
follows to the Speaker of the House of Commons :

For the Most Honble William Lenthall, Speaker, &c.

Honble Sir, Wee have sent out our proporcion of Horse & Dragoones
for the Straitening of Newarke, under the Command of Major Gibbs,
Major Haines, & Major Le Hunt, and have upon the Creditt of the
ordinance of excise borrowed in our poore County divers greate summes
of money, to sett forth and jmy those forces. But the forces still con-
tinueing in tliose parts, the officers are very instant with us for more
paye, which wee have indeavoured to have borrowed, but cannot possibly
procure any more money out of our Countie, without an ordinance, or
some other coercive power to levy the same, we humbly beseech you
to consider the extraordinary charges this countrie hath been putt unto,
by Allarums, that it was agreed by the Committees of the whole Associacion
at Bury, that those Frontiers to which Allarums first came, should make
all possible defence that may be without reguard of Proporcions. And that
the whole charge should afterwards be borne by the whole Associacion ;
upon hope of having had this Ordinance longe since sent unto us, wee got
credditt to borrow divers greate sommes of money, which long since wee
promised to have repaid. And the want of this ordinance is a great
hindrance to us in our creditt to borrowe any more moneys. Sir wee had
yesterday an Alarum, & wee wish the Honble Houses would take notice
how unable wee are for want of moneys to make any considerable defence.
Wee beseech you to present our humble Peticion to the Howse to be
inabled to give all readie obedience to your Commands, which without the
speeding of the said Ordinances to us, wee are altogether unable to doe.
Sir we are,

your most humble Servants,

Tho. Pakkee, Dud, Pofe.

Tho. Duckett, James Thompson.

Edw. Clenche,
From Cambridge,

13th Nov. 1645.W

Vol. III. p. 400, 1. 14, for May read at the latter end of April, and
insert as a note,

"Apr. 28, 1646. This day it began to be publisht, that the sickness was
" in Cambr. in St Andrew's parish." — Worthington's Diary and Corre-
spondence, ed. Crossley, i. 23.

(a) MS. Baker, xxxv. 58.

(b) MS. Baker, xxxv. 60.


Vol. HI. p. 400,

Jan. 22. Committees of both Kingdoms by an order from Derby-
House of this date state that the number of recruits to be supplied to
Sir Thos. Fairfax's army is : Cambridge 100, Hunts. 100, Beds. 150,
Ely 50, these to be at Newport Pagnell on 20 Feb.(")

1645-6. Jan. 29. Order of the Houses upon reading the petition
of Samuel Basnett, student of Emmanuel College in Cambridge :

That the Mayor and Aid. of the city of Coventry, or the committee of
Sequestrations, do forthwith pay to Sam Basnett the £20 per annum,
payable with arrears, to him upon the gift of Sir Thos. White, bequeathed
in his will long since made. The case standing so in regard of these
distractions, he cannot make himself a student of St John's College in
Oxford, now being the King's head quarters according to the direction in the

Vol. III. p. 405, add to note (3),

See Letter of thanks from the University to Selden, Selden's Life, by
Wilkins, p. xli ; and an allusion to the increase of books in Arrowsmith's
Oratio Prima Anti-weigeliaua, at the end of his Tactica Sacra. There are
some amusing verses about the transfer of the library, and a counter claim
by Sion College, in Matt. Poole's Verses on Eichard Vines, in Clark's Lives
of Eminent Persons (1683), p. 65. A MS. Catalogue of the Lambeth Books
is in the University Library, (EB 9, 5).

Vol. III. p. 411, add to note (3),

Amongst the Scholars who came to the King at Childerley, was Owen
Stockton, then of Christ's College (afterwards fellow of Caius and Minister
of St Andrew the Great). He was of very diminutive stature, and " His
" Majesty made special observation of him, and gave him his gracious
"benediction, saying Here's a little Schollar indeed, God bte><s him." —
Fairfax's Life of Owen Stockton, (London, 12mo. 1681) p. 3.

Vol. III. p. 412, insert after 1. 3,

The following Letters from some member of the University, whose

name is not given, have every appearance of authenticity : they furnish

many interesting details of what took place whilst the King was at

Childerley and Newmarket.

Cambridge, June 7, 1647.

Sir, — I beleeve you are big in expectation of receiving news from these

parts. Thus, therefore, the king on Saturday was brought by a very small

party, under the conduct of no greater an one then a coronet, within

four miles of this place ; and all the noise was, that he would be here, the

harbingers in the meane time buying up the whole market. But wee

(who usually are not taken with the first reports of things) thought not

fit hereupon to assemble together, either in the head or body; whereas

(a) Calendar of State Papers, Domestic.

c. A. 27


the major and aldermen (somewhat more credulous) fitted their saddles
and foot-cloathes unto their horses, and had provided a present for his
majesty, which quickly after came as acceptable to his eares as if to his
hands. The townsfolkes had in all those streets through which it was
conceived he would passe, deckt their stalles and windowes with green
boughs and whole rose-bushes, and the ground all along with rushes and
herbs. But the king turned aside unto my lady Cutts her house, and there
yet abides, whither people flow apace to behold him. He is exceeding
chearfull, shewes himselfe to all, and commands that no scholler be debarred
from kissing of his hand : and there the sophs are (as if no farther then
Barnwell) in their gowns and caps : it was mirth to see how well yesterday
they were admitted into the presence ; Generall Brown signifying and
furthering the king's pleasure unto them. Then the king had a large table
of diet; but this day (I beleeve) about to liave a farre greater, for the
generall, lieutenant-generall Cromwell, and others of the commanders and
councel of warre, are gone this noon to dine with him. It is conceived that
by to-morrow somewhat may be discerned.

Sir, Your unfeigned friend.

Postscript. The generall quarters at master Buck seniors house ; but
the report is, that it will be this night the kings quarters.

Camb. June 8, 1647.
Sir, the court is still at the lady Cutts house. The officers of the army
returned last night, all of them highly extolling the king for his great
improvement. Hee argued his own and his subjects case with each of them
(one by one), to their no small astonishment. He desired a speedy remoove
from that place ; but back to Holmby, and those parts, he will by no
meanes. He told the generall, that those which brought him hither
promised that they would carry him to Newmarket ; and he hoped that
they were men of honour, who would make good their words. Eecreation
he much desired ; and told them withall, that if they would not take order
for his removall, he would remove himselfe ; for confident he was that there
were those about him which would further him in it. This afternoon,
therefore, he passes through Cambridge to Newmarket faire, for this is the
day. To-morrow at Botsom-beacon is to be the generall rendevouz, as is
yet intended, though some do fear deep inconveniences may ensue thereon ;
the counsels being yet various, and the soldiers talking high, so that it is
thought the appearance shall be but of some part of the army. The
vice-chancellour had the generall last night to a great supper : and this
morning he made a spirituall breakfast at St Maries ; but neither the
generall nor any of them were thereat. The king sent on Saturday (so that
you may discern that then he thought he might have been for Newmarket)
for doctor Brownrigg, doctor Collins, and doctor Comber, to be in the way,
because he intended to see them : and so they then were ; and no doubt
will be to day, if so be the first be yet in town, or can have timely notice of
this his march. It were infinite to set downe the facetiousnesse that flowes
from his lips upon all occasions to all : that one day may be in his


chronicle. The major-generall Browne is much his attendant, and gaines
credit of all for gallantry and great civility. It is conceived that after the
rendevouz they may fall back into these their quarters againe, or else
incline somewhat more neere Eoystone, and Roystone become the head-
quarters. Meethinks I foresee eminent ruine, if not a speedy peace. God
of his mercy avert the former, and guide whome it concernes into the best
and safest meanes of the latter. This from him, who (doubtlesse) may
safely write thus, even from.

Sir, your friend.
Postscript. — The King is now (being two of the clock) gone by : he left
Cambridge and went as low as Grantchester ; to Newmarket, still they say ;
but perchance it is to Eoyston. The rendevouz holds to-morrow, but to be
on Og-Magog Hills.

June 9, 1647.
Sir, I told you yesterday that the rendevouz, intended for this day, was
like to be but of part of the army, and it will proove true ; and it is not to be
at Botsum-beacon, but at Bennett Church, and the rather by way of an
humiliation-day than a numbering their hoasts. There is to be three
sermons preached by Mr Peters, Mr Saltmarsh, and Mr vice-chancellour.
God grant that they may promote his glory and our peace. The more
general! rendevouz is put off untill to-morrow, and to be (as is now reported)
about Fulmore. The king is at Newmarket, and it is conceived that they
will not bring him into the head of the army at the rendevouz, but still
quarter him at the back of the army, rather then he should be accounted
pertaining unto it. The great ones still speak high in his worth, whose
presence and aspect caused trembling in some of their greatest and their
stoutest, as if it had been some angelical salutation. What is good or may
with safety be, I communicate unto you ; but the wickednesse of some is so
great as not to be made so open as in paper ; and I feare it will have too
great an influence (in time) upon the hearts of many. Let me know when
you returne, that I may not lose my labour in sending a letter more then
you in friendship may expect from,

Sir, your servant.

June 11, 1647.
Sir, the humiliation-day was kept at St Maries, and Mr Seaman came
in for the fourth man : you have (I know) a presumption that I was not
there ; but I lieare that Mr Peters is still Mr Peters. That day and
yesterday a fellow preached against him (I think, or else against his way)
on the Market-hill. I with the rest of my company kist the kings hand,
and saw him at supper. So long we stayed, because he was all that
afternoone alone in his closet, at his prayers or pen ; as who can conceive
otherwise? For his treasure might in farre less time (sure) have beene
ruune over. He came out very cheerfully, lookes very well, and com-
municated himself very freely in discourse with some two or three that
attended him. That day Colonel Thomson (formerly of the kings army)



endeavoured, as others, to have a sight of the king ; but was not only
refused at the Guards, but also dispatched out of the town. Yesterday the
three doctors were with the king, whom he lifted from off their knees, and
he had opportunity of some little discourse with them.

The army removed yesterday from us, took with them tenne loads of
ammunition from the castle, and the ordnance follow them this day.
They seem truely to look more towards such ordnance still then the
ordinance of parliament. I know not how they come to take so great
a distast against the houses. After all that the commissioners brought
was read at the head of each regiment, and major Skippon had in like
manner glossed thereon, and in a plausible way assayed to be a meditator ;
they first were askt by major I. Skippon whether they had heard and
understood what had been delivered, who answered. Yes, yes. Being asked
next whether they were satisfied therewith, replyed. No, no. What would
they then ? they cried out. Justice, justice, justice. And so went it through
the whole army, most saying they long enough have had faire words ; others
wondring how the commissioners durst come unto them ; and some crying,
Lets vote them out of the field. By the rules of some knowing ones,
I discerne that they intend to purge the houses and synode of somewhat
which they account destructive to the whole. Could they truely descry it,
and set about it impartially, it might be the crown to (what they yet have
not) a victory. Their head-quarters were last night at Eoyston, and
inclining (as I am informed) towards Ware. W. tells one they are expected
this night at Theobals. Well then may this be Barnaby-bright, by such a
march, and by my letter. But I march on, though chiefely, if not freely,
to tell you that if you feare such approaches may (as doubtlesse it will)
breed distraction in the city, then my affection bids you. Come out of her,
come out of her, etc. To the best cause, I wish the best successe, and to
my friends safety, and (if it pleace God) peace unto us all. Let me not be
forgot to any that likes well of my being.

Sir, your servant.

Postscript. — I cannot heare how the general] and commissioners parted,
but by the soldiers they were hooted out of the field. Neither was there so
good correspondency between them and the generall as to sup or breakfast
together whilst they were here in town.C)

Vol. III. p. 414, add to note (3),

Various papers relative to the disputes in St John's College at this
period may be found in MS. Baker, xxvii. 109 — 130.

Vol. III. p. 415, after December in 1. 5, inse7't as a note,

Mr Worthington, Fellow of Emmanuel College, has the following entries
in his diary under this year :

" Sept. 2. The College gates were shut up.

" Sept. 6. One died of the plague (most probably) in Eman. Lane, where
" old Mother Pate lived.

(a) Heywood and Wright, Univ. Trans, ii. 521, (from a printed pamphlet)


" Sept. 12. One died of the plague at the Bird Bolt.
" Sept. 26. One died at the Bird Bolt. Sept. 27th. Another died
"there."— Worthington's Diary and Correspondence, ed. Crossley, i. 29.

Vol. m, p. 421, at end of 1647,

1647. March 1. Paper book, dated as above, is in the Record
Office, containing :

1. A note of goods belonging to resident Fellows of the University
of Cambridge seized by virtue of the ordinance of Parliament for

2. An inventory of the same, the names of the owners being
almost identical with the former list, but arranged according to their
Colleges as follows :

Peterhouse. Dr John Cosins, Master, Mr Tollye, Mr Pennyman,
Mr Bargrave.

Pembroke Hall. Dr Benjamin Lany, Master, Mr Frank,
Mr Holder.

Bennett (Corpus Christi). Mr Heath, Mr Tunstall.

Queens'. Mr Couldham, Dr Cox.

King's. Mr Young.

Clare Hall. Mr Oley.

Trinity Hall. Mr Hatley, J\Ir Lynne.

Caius College. Mr Moore, Mr Gostlyn, Mr Pickerin, Mr Blanckes,
Mr Rant, Mr London, Mr Buxton, Mr Blaithwaite.

Trinity College. Dr Rowe, Dr Meredith, Mr Marshall, Mr Nevill,
Mr Rhodes, Mr Thorndike.

St John's College. Dr Wm. Beale, Master, Mr Bodardo,
Mr Cleaveland.

Magdalene Coll. Mr Howarth, Mr Pullion.

Jesus Coll. Mr Greene, Mr Boilston, Mr Bushy, Mr Robinson,
Mr Lincoln, Mr Mason.

Sidney Sussex. Mr Pendreth.

Christ's College. Mr Norton, Mr Brierly, Mr Wilding, Mr Houy-

Emanuell Coll. Mr Sowersby, Mr Weller, Mr Hall, Dr Richard
Holdsworth [Master].

Town. Mr Beale, Mr Gery Tabor, Mr Johu Franck, Mr Thornton,
Mr Jacklyn, Mr Stagg.

There is also an inventory of the goods of Mr Willis, Dr Batchcroft,
Master of Caius, and Mr Barrowe.(">

(a) Calendar of Stiite Papers, Domestic.


Vol. III. p. 427, insert after 1. 4,

At a Common Day, held on the 9th of February, a warrant
was read from the Lord General Cromwell concerning succours of
Soldiers. («)

Vol. HI. p. 427,

1649. April 14. The Council of State wrote to Dr Hill, Master of

Trinity House, Cambridge :

That such students of that society as are willing to go to the summers
fleet may not be prejudiced in their election to Fellowships to be made about

June 11. The Council of State to the Master and Fellows of Trinity
Hall, Cambridge :

Online LibraryCharles Henry CooperAnnals of Cambridge (Volume 5) → online text (page 50 of 78)