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Coleoptera: Cerambycidae (Volume 1) online

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finely punctulate, the others very
faintly covered with dark pubes-
cence. Prothorax opaque, covered
with very fine delicate ridges which
run together so as to form a reti-
culation ; the disc strongly raised
in the middle and furnished with
three more or less glossy tubercles ;
the median tubercle narrow, elon-
gate and impunctate, the lateral
y. 74 two, which lie a little in front of

Euryphagus lundii, Fab. the middle, rounded and punctate.

Scutellum rugulose-punctate.
Elytra entirely opaque, rather densely punctate, the punctures
visible only on the red anterior portion, not on the posterior
black part, the latter rather densely covered with very short black
pubescence. Mesothorax, metathorax and abdomen covered faintly
with grey pubescence. Legs glabrous, glossy, very minutely and
very sparsely puuctulate.

c? . Head and prothorax of a dull red, slightly purplish, colour ;
elytra entirely fulvous-red ; scutellum black ; antennae glossy, the
first joint red, the rest black ; body beneath dull red, with the
sides of the meso- and metathorax black ; femora red, except at
the base ; tibiae and tarsi dark brown or black. Head subnitid at
the sides, opaque above ; the clypeus and occiput rather densely
punctate, the front almost impunctate. First antennal joint
sparsely punctate. Prothorax very densely rugulose-punctate ;
the disc less strongly raised than in the $ , but similarly provided
with three subnitid tubercles, and with an obtuse, feebly elevated
ridge behind each of the dorso-lateral tubercles. Elytra less
closely punctured than in the $ . The male differs further from
the female by the structural characters pointed out in the
description of the genus. These characters, such as the great size
of the head and mandibles, are most pronounced in large fully
developed specimens, but are less obvious in males of minor
development.

Length rf $ 13-22 ; breadth 5-8| mm.

Hab. Assam ; Burma : Ruby Mines (Doherty).

This species differs from E. maxillosus, Oliv., in the entirely red



CALLICHEOMIKI.



189



prothorax in both sexes, and in the elytra of the males, which are
without spots posteriorly. The males appear to be much less
numerous in collections than the females, and those described
above are considered to belong to the species because they have
coine from the same localities as some in the same collections.



Group CALLICHROMINI.

Head more or less distinctly raised between the antenna? ;
the clypeus rather large, prolonged anteriorly some distance
beyond the base of the mandibles ; eyes finely facetted, deeply
emarginate, the lower lobes generally large, extending to the front;
outer lobe of maxilla? long, with brush of hairs at the end ;
maxillary palpi usually longer than the labial. Prothorax gener-
ally tuberculate at the sides. Scutellum usually rather large,
triangular in form, the sides straight or slightly curved, the apex
acute. Front coxa? globular, not prominent ; their acetabula
rounded on the outer side, closed, or very nearly closed, poste-
riorly. Acetabula of middle coxae extended to the epimera. Legs
long or moderately long ; their tibia? compressed. Metasternum
provided with scent-pores. "Wings with vein Cu 1 simple, Cu 2
absent. Male with six, visible ventral segments to the abdomen.

This group is well represented in the African and Oriental
Eegions, less well in Tropical America and by a few species only
in the Holarctic and Australian Eegions. The species as a rule
are characterized by a metallic coloration, varied in some cases by
yellow or fulvous bands or spots on the elytra.

Synopsis of the Genera.

A. Last four or five joints of antennae narrower
as a rule than those preceding them, some-
times slightly thicker ; hind femora gra-
dually thickened.

a. Antennae robust, as a rule not longer than

body in c? , usually in part yellow or
fulvous.

a'. Head not narrowed and elongated
below ; antenna? much shorter than
body in J .

a 2 . Prothorax either unarmed or feebly
tuberculate at sides; hind femora

much shorter than abdomen ZONOPTERUS, p. 190.

b-. Prothorax strongly tuberculate at
sides ; hind femora almost as long as

abdomen NIKJEUS, p. 193.

V. Head narrowed and elongated below ;
antenna? subequal in length to body
in 3 PACHYTEUIA, p. 194.

b. Antenna? less robust, generally rather slen-

der, longer as a rule than body in <f,
usually black or metallic.



190 CERAMBYCIDJE.

a'. Antennae very long in tf , tapering to-
wards end; hind femora extended con- [p. 198.

siderably past apex of elytra CHLORIDOLUM,

V. Antennae never much longer than body
in c? ; hind femora rarely, and then
only slightly, extended so as to pass
apex of elytra in <$ .

a~. Elytra dehiscent, either very short
or else considerably narrowed pos-
teriorly NOTHOPEUS, p. 202.

b 2 . Elytra normal, long.

a j . Prothorax tuberculate at the sides.
a 1 . Antennal joints from 5th or 6th
to 10th dentate or spinose at
apex.
a s . Hind femora not reaching to [p. 205.

apex of elytra in <5 APHRODISIUM,

4*. Plind femora reaching to apex

of elytra or slightly beyond [p. 210.

it in c? CHELIDONIUM,

b*. Antennal joints not dentate at
apex ; hind femora not reach-
ing to apex of elytra in cf POLYZONUS, p. 213.

b 3 . Prothorax unarmed at sides ANTJBIS, P- 220.

B. Last four or five joints of antennae strongly

dilated j hind femora subclavate IPOTHALIA, p. 222.



Genus ZONOPTERUS.

Zonopterus, Hope, Trans. Linn. Soc. six, p. 110 (1843) ; Lacord.
Gen. CoUopt. ix, p. 9 (1869).

Type, Z. Jlavitarsis, Hope.

Range. Indo-Malayan Kegion.

Head with the front and cheeks rather short, the clypeus large,
prolonged below the base of the mandibles and membranous
towards the end, the inter-antennal ridge slightly concave from
side to side. Antennae thick, shorter than the body in both
sexes ; joints first and third slightly augulate at the apex in front,
fourth to tenth more distinctly angulate or sub-dentate, third
nearly twice as long as the fourth, fifth to tenth very slightly
diminishing in length, eleventh but slightly longer than the tenth
and obtuse at the apex. Prothorax transverse, rounded or
slightly protuberant at the middle of each side, constricted at the
base. Elytra long, parallel-sided or nearly so, conjointly rounded
at the apex. Femora rather stout, gradually thickened from
before the middle to within a short distance of the apex, the
hind pair not reaching to the apex of the elytra. First joint of
the hind tarsus little or not longer than the next two joints
united. Prosternuui more or less strongly arched between the
coxae, gradually expanded posteriorly and somewhat emarginate
at the end, where it reaches almost to the spine.



ZOXOPTERCS.



191



205. Zonopterus flavitarsis, Hope, Trans. Linn. Soc. xix, p. Ill

pi. 10, tig. 7 (1843).

Black and dull above, with two yellow bands that cross the elytra,
one about midway between the middle aud the base, the other a
very short distance behind the middle ; the first band somewhat
narrower than the second, which is variable in width but usually
extends to about a fifth part of the
whole length of the elytra ; first four
joints of the antennae and the base of
the fifth black, the rest fulvous ; legs
black and glossy, with the tarsi testa-
ceous yellow ; body beneath violaceous-
or steel-blue, with the abdomen of the
d 1 testaceous, that of the $ blue,
the hind borders of the segments
sometimes testaceous, in both covered
with a faint silky pubescence. Head
punctured strongly and less closely on
the clypeus, finely and very closely on
the front, more coarsely on the vertex.
Antennae stout, reaching almost to the
middle of the second elytral band in
the , beyond it in the cf . Pro-
thorax slightly protuberant at each
side just before the middle, finely and
very closely punctured above, with a
short velvety pubescence which more
densely covers two patches on the
anterior part. Scutellum closely punctulate, scarcely depressed in
the middle. Elytra finely and very closely punctured, the punc-
tures a little stronger and more prominent on the basal black
band, but there and elsewhere more or less obscured by a
covering of very short pubescence. Femora closely and distinctly
punctured.

Length 21-35 mm.

Hab. Assam: Sylhet, Khasi Hills, Shillong.




Fig. 75.

Zonopterus flavitarsis,
Hope. X f .



206. Zonopterus consangninens, Ritsema, Notes Leyd. Mu*. xi, p. 10



Closely allied to and very like Z. flavitarsis, but differs as follows :
First five or six joints of the antennae black; the anterior
yellow band of the elytra somewhat narrower. Prothorax more
regularly rounded at the sides. Scutellum narrower, depressed
along the middle with the edges raised, much less densely punc-
tulate. Femora more finely and less closely punctured.

The elytra in this species sometimes show a decidedly bluish
tint, especially near the apex.

Hab. Himalayas (?) ; Southern India : Bangalore, Malabar.



192 CERAMBYCID^:.

207. Zonopterus redemanni, Nonfried, Deut. ent. Zeit. xxxv, P . 275
(1892).

$ . Dark blue or violaceous-blue above, somewhat glossy, nearly
bare of pubescence ; with two yellow bands that cross the elytra,
the first nearly midway between the base and the middle, the
second a very short distance behind the middle ; first five or six

K" ints of the antennae black, the rest tawny ; body beneath steel-
ue, glossy, very faintly pubescent ; legs black or bluish black,
with the tarsi testaceous yellow. Puncturation of the head, pro-
thorax, and elytra very much as in Z. favitarsis, Hope, but a little
stronger and more conspicuous owing to the absence of a toinen-
tose covering. Prothorax transverse, slightly protuberant at the
middle of each side ; the disc with a slight transverse prominence
on each side just in front of the basal constriction and with two
feeble tubercles, more finely punctured than the rest of the surface,
near the apex. Femora finely and rather sparsely punctate, the
hind pair reach to a little beyond the hind border of the second
elytra! band.

Length 35-40 ; breadth 10-1 0| mm.

Hob. Ceylon.

In general form and structure this species comes very near
Z. consanguineus, and is chiefly distinguishable from it by its
larger size, by the upper surface which is almost bare of pubescence,
and the puncturatiou, which is consequently much more distinctly
visible. The author of the species has described the prothorax as
elongate and strongly convex, but in the female at least the width
across the middle is a littfe greater than the median depth, and
the disc is not more convex than in other species, rather the
reverse.



208. Zonopterus corbetti, sp . n.

Dark metallic green or blue, with two broad yellow bands of
variable width on the elytra ; legs black, with the tarsi testaceous ;
last five joints of the antennae testaceous ; the yellow elytral
bauds in some specimens coalesce at the sides and suture and are
so much extended that the elytra may be described as yellow, with
the apical fourth, a narrow band at the base, and a transverse
spot just before the middle of each, dark blue ; in other specimens
the yellow bands are not broader than the sub-median blue baud
which separates them, and become slightly narrower towards the
suture ; the basal blue band and the sub-median band are slightly
pointed posteriorly at the suture. Head closely and rather finely
punctured. Antennae not so thick as usual for this genus, reaching
to a little beyond the middle of the elytra in both sexes ; joints
fifth to tenth feebly angulate in front at the apex. Prothorax
closely and finely punctured above, sparsely beneath in the $ ,
very densely beneath in the d" . Elytra also finely and very
closely punctured. Breast and abdomen with a fine grey



N1R.EUS. 193

pubescence, with silvery reflections in certain lights. Fifth and
sixth abdominal segments sinuate posteriorly in the male, the
sixth somewhat testaceous in the middle.

Length 24 ; breadth 5| nun.

Hab. Burma: Tharawaddy (Corbett).

209. Zonopterns diversns, sp. n.

Dark blue, for the most part dull ; elytra yellowish or testa-
ceous, covered faintly with fulvous-red pubescence, the apical
fourth and a spot of variable size on the disc of each before the
middle, dark blue ; antennse with the first live joints dark blue,
the rest black ; body beneath dark blue, sometimes almost black,
with a faint covering of black pubescence. Head finely rugulose-
punctate above and on the front ; the clypeus transversely but
somewhat irregularly rugulose. Antennas extended only a little
past the middle of the elytra in the $ ; fourth and fifth joints
narrower than the third, very slightly angulate at the apex ; sixth
to tenth broader, somewhat compressed, acutely angulate at the
apex on the anterior side. Prothorax with a short obtuse tubercle
at the middle of each side, densely rugulose-punctate above, some-
what transversely rugulose near the basal margin ; its length a
little greater than its width at the base. Seutellum subnitid.
Hind femora moderately thickened, finely punctulate, extending
in the <5 up to and in Hue with the front border of the dark-blue
apical area of the elytra. First joint of hind tarsus longer than
the next two joints united. Intercoxal process of prosternum
testaceous posteriorly, emarginate at the end, not reaching to the
epimera ; the acetabula distinctly open posteriorly.

Length 21-22 ; breadth 5 mm.

Hab. Ceylon.



Genus NIKJEUS.

Nirajus, Newman, Mag. Wat. Hist, iv, p. 194 (1840).
Euchroa, Gutr. Ueless. Souv. d'un Fey. ii, p. 56 (1843).

Type, N. tricolor, Newin.

Range. That of the type species.

Though not considered distinct by Lacordaire, this genus
differs from Pachyteria, Serv., by well-marked structural characters.
The head is rather broad, and not narrowed and elongated
in front ; the clypeus is short, with a slight projection at the
middle of its front margin; the membranous epistome rather
broad and the labrum small ; the mandibles are robust in the male,
and differ in shape from those of Pachyteria the outer border
of each forms an almost continuous curve and each is armed
with a strong tooth on the inner side. The antennaa are very
thick like those of Pachyteria but much shorter, those of the male
not extending past the middle of the elytra ; they are gradually

VOL. i. o



194 CEUAMBYCIDjE.

t

narrowed from the fourth joint up to the apex. The acetabula of
the front coxse are open posteriorly.

210. Niraeus tricolor, Newman, Mag. Nat. Hist, iv, p. 194 (1840).

Euchroa dimidiata, Guer. Deless. Souv. d'un Voy. ii, p. 57, pi. 14,
fig. 1 (1843).

Head above and more or less in front, prothorax, and a broad
band passing along the side of each elytron for a short distance
from the base and then turned towards the suture, testaceous
red ; this band subnitid, strongly and densely punctured ; the
rest of the elytra bluish black, densely and finely punctulate,
covered with dark tomentum ; antennae bluish black, with joints
third to sixth pale yellow, subnitid ; breast and abdomen steel-
blue ; legs dark blue. Head densely and rather strongly
punctured, impressed with a median line which does not
extend on to the vertex or clypeus ; a transverse line separates
the front and clypeus, the latter inclined forwards at an angle
with the front. Prothorax densely punctured, its front margin
rounded in the middle, the anterior and posterior transverse
grooves rather shallow, the disc slightly raised on each side just
in front of the posterior groove. Elytra gradually narrowed pos-
teriorly, rounded at the apex. Body beneath faintly covered
with silky greyish pubescence. Femora densely punctured, the
punctures unequal in size ; hind femora not reaching quite to the
apex of the elytra in the male. Fifth ventral segment of male
sinuate at the apex, the sixth slightly notched at the apex,
impressed with a line along the middle.

Length 27-32 ; breadth 8-9 ram.

Hab. Tenasserim ; Penang (?).



Genus PACHYTERIA.

Pachyteria, Serville, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. ii, p. 553 (1833) ; Lacord.
Gen. Coleopt. ix, p. 10 (1869).

Type, P. fasciata, Fab.

Range. Oriental Eegion.

Head narrowed and more or less elongated below the eyes ;
raised so as to form a ridge, concave from side to side, between
the antennae ; front oblique, the clypeus prolonged in front, ends
in a narrow membranous epistome ; mandibles narrowed down-
wards, obliquely inclined towards one another and abruptly
incurved at the apex. Antennae thick, about equal in length to
the body in the $ , shorter in the $ ; first joint more or less
angulate in front at the apex, third much longer than the
fourth ; fifth to tenth successively shorter, each cariuate in front
and angulate at the apex ; eleventh appendiculate, longer than the
tenth. Prothorax constricted and transversely grooved near base
and apex, dilated in the middle, and usually tuberculate at each
side. Scutellum triangular, with the apex acute and more or less



I'ACHYTERIA. 195

prolonged. Elytra somewhat rounded at the shoulders, narrowed
more or less strongly posteriorly, often obtusely rounded, some-
times truncate or emarginate at the apex. Legs rather long ; the
hind femora gradually thickened, reaching up to or beyond the
apex of the elytra in the c? ; hind tibiae compressed, gradually
widened towards the apex. Intercoxal process of prosternum
strongly arched in the middle, reaches almost to a level with the
coxae, and is dilated posteriorly so as to meet the epimera ; that
of the mesosternum broader and subhorizontal, slightly inclined
in front. Abdomen of d with six ventral segments visible, the
last t\vo more or less minutely emarginate posteriorly ; that of
the $ with five, the last one either rounded and entire or only
feebly sinuate at the apex.

211. Pachyteria superba, Gestro, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, xxvi,
p. 128 (1888).

Head, prothorax and scutellum violaceous and glossy ; antennae
violaceous and glossy at the base, but somewhat black and opaque
towards the apex ; elytra pale yellow, with a somewhat velvety
and opaque transverse band of a dark violaceous colour that
extends for rather less than one-fourth of their length from the
base, and a similar band that extends for about one-third of their
length from the apex ; the basal band with a somewhat sinuate
hind margin, the apical band slightly angulate in the middle in
front ; body beneath of a fine violaceous-blue colour, with a
delicate covering of silky grey pubescence ; legs violaceous blue.
Head punctulate and rugulose, its inter-antennary ridge strongly
concave with the lateral angles prominent and acute. Prothorax
rugose, marked with a strong transverse groove near the apex and
another near the base ; the disc with two ill-defined rounded areas
of darker colour than the rest, and covered with short velvety
pubescence. Elytra somewhat narrower at the base and more
parallel-sided than in other species ; the surface very finely and
closely punctulate; each showing slight traces of three longi-
tudinal costae.

Lenqtli 35 mm.

Hob. Upper Burma : Bhamo (Fea).



212. Pachyteria fasciata, Fab. (Cerambyx) Syst. Ent. p. 168 (1775) ;
Olin. (Cerambyx) Ent. iv, no. 67," p. 19, pi. 1, fig. 4 (1795) ;
Ritsema, Notes Leyd. Mus. xii, p. 164 (1890).
Pachyteria voluptuosa, Thorns. Syst. Ceramb. p. 568 (1865).

Dark metallic blue; with the last five joints of the antennos
(except at the apex of the last one) and a broad band that crosses
the elytra just before the middle yellow; this yellow band nitid
and rather strongly but not closely punctured, its front margin
on each side slightly oblique and its hind margin sinuate, the
band widest at the suture. Head distinct and rather closelv

o2



196



CERAMBYCIDJG.




Fig. 76. Pachyteria fasdata, Fab.



punctate, impressed with a median line that extends from the

vertex to the clypeal front margin. Antennae of <$ almost as

long as the body ; first joint
glabrous and closely punctured ;
the others closely and minutely
punctulate, more or less densely
covered with very short pubes-
cence. Prothorax transverse,
with a strong conical tubercle
on each side, a deep transverse
groove in front and two shallower
grooves near the base ; the disc
and sides distinctly, but rather
sparsely, punctured. Elytra
densely and minutely punctulate,
and covered slightly with short
dark tomentum, except on the
yellow band, where each of the
punctures carries a short de-
cumbent pale seta ; each elytron
narrowly subtruncate, or almost
rounded, at the apex, sometimes
very feebly emarginate. Breast
and abdomen sparsely punctate,

very faintly pubescent at the sides. Hind femora extending to

the apex of the elytra in the <3 .
Length 24-29 ; breadth 7-8 mm.
Hob. Himalayas ; Kanchi ; Chutia Nagpur ; Tranquebar ;

Ceylon ; Siam.

213. Pachyteria calumniata, Ritsema, Notes Leyd. Mus. xii, p. 166

(1890).
Pachyteria fasciata, Thorns, (nee Fab.) Syst. Ceramb. p. 176 (1864).

Very like P. fasciata, Fab., but of a darker blue, almost black,
colour; the transverse yellow band of the elytra narrower, more
finely and much more closely punctulate, and its front and hind
margins usually almost parallel ; the median impressed line of
the head not extended on to the clypeus, the latter with a raised
line or carina along the middle ; the apex of each elytron
rounded ; the metasternum and the sides of the abdomen covered
with a dense silvery grey pubescence.

Length 24-29 ; breadth 7-8| mm.

Sab. Southern India : Nilgiri Hills ; Trauquebar ; Java.

214. Pachyteria dimidiata, Westw. Cab. Or. Entom. p. 60, pi. 29,

fig. 8 (1848).

Black above, slightly tinged on the posterior half of the elytra
with dark blue or green ; underside and legs dark blue ; last six
joints of the antennae, and a broad band that crosses the elytra



PACHYTERIA. 197

before the middle, pale yellow ; the antennal joints dull ; the
elytral band glossy, strongly and rather closely punctured, its
hind margin straight, and its front margin somewhat oblique
near the suture and sinuate towards the side, on each elytron.
Head impressed with a median line or groove which does not
extend on to the clypeus, but ends anteriorly at the transverse
line that separates the clypeus and front ; clypeus rather sparsely
and somewhat unevenly punctured, sometimes with a slightly
raised smooth median Ikie ; front densely and minutely punctu-
late ; vertex somewhat coarsely punctate, especially around the
eyes. Prothorax with a narrow smooth band along the middle,
the disc external to this band finely and rather densely punctate.
Elytra minutely and very densely punctulate on the dark parts,
and there also faintly covered with dark tomentum ; apex of each
distinctly emarginate, with the outer angle more prominent than
the sutural one. Body beneath almost bare of pubescence, a faint
greyish pubescence only covers the sides of the hind breast.
Metasternum and abdomen sparsely punctate ; the femora more
densely but somewhat unevenly punctured. Antennae of male
about equal in length to the body ; those of the female not
much shorter ; first joint densely punctured.

Length 25-29 mm.

Hob. Assam.



215. Pachyteria chrysogaster, Ritsema (Callichroma), Notes Leyd
Mus. x, p. 195 (1888) ; id. idem, xi, pi. 10, fig. 4 (1889).

Dark blue, sometimes almost black, tinged in places with green
or violet ; antennae and legs ferruginous red ; abdomen testaceous,
with the front half of the first segment, and frequently a trans-
verse band at the front border of each of the next three segments,
blue or violet, and, like the meso- and metasternum, pronotum,
scutellum and elytra, covered with short black pubescence ; the
whole of the underside covered with short golden coloured
pubescence. Head almost entirely glabrous ; densely punctate
and somewhat rugulose in front, more coarsely punctured on the
vertex ; mandibles less elongate than is usual in the genus.
Antennae almost equal in length to the body in the c? , shorter in
the $ ; first joint sharply angulate but not dentate at the apex.
Prothorax slightly longer than its width across the base, acutely
tuberculate at the middle of each side, very densely punctulate
and opaque above, with a smooth line, impressed in its anterior
half, along the middle of the disc. Scutellum triangular, pubes-
cent, with a smooth line along the middle. Elytra gradually
narrowed backwards, but with the sides slightly sinuate instead
of straight, separately rounded at the apex ; the surface opaque
owing to the dense puncturation and pubescence, except at the
sutural edge and along one or two feebly raised lines on the disc



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