endeavours to obtain in marriage the heiress of Burgundy, but is opposed by Ed-
ward, 153 ; is accused of treason, and convicted ; dies in the tower, Feb. 1478,
153 ; no foundation for the statements of his drowning, or that Gloucester was
implicated in his death, 154.
Clarence, William, duke of. See William IV.
Clarendon, Constitutions of, passed in 1164, i. 318, 320 ; the pope refuses to con-
firm them, 320.
Clarendon (sir Edward Hyde) earl of, becomes the adviser of Charles 1. in Ml,
iii. 419; draws up the answer to the Remonstrance of the Commons, 41
Presbyterian party endeavour to obtain his expulsion from office as a condi-
tion of the restoration, iv. 124; the Declaration from Breda written by, 12<
double dialing of, 138, 141; address of. as chancellor, to the parliament, 140 ;
earnest desire to re-establish the Church of England, 148 ; maintains the prin-
ciple of the Act of Oblivion and Indemnity, 149; marriage of his daughter to
the duke of York, and his singular conduct, 150; opposes the desire of parlia-
ment for more punishment*, 155 ; advises the sale of Dunkirk to the French,
160 : the populace accuse him of having been bribed, 160 ; is deprived of offico
in 1667, 195 ; character of, 196; he is impeached on Nov. 12, leaves the country,
and is banished by an Act, Dec 29 197 ; settles at Montpeher m France,
Claret. See Wine-
Clarke, Mrs., The duke of York's favourite; allowed to tamper with military
matters, vii. 281, 282.
Clarkson, Thomas, his zealous efforts to obtain the abolition of the slave trade,
vii. 232, 233.
Claudius, invasion of Britain by, i. 28, 29 ; joins Platius, takes Camalodunum and
returns to Rome, 29.
Clausel, gen., commands the French at Salamanca after Marmont's death, vii.
Claverhouse (John Graham, of) cruelties of, towards the Covenanters, iv. 254 ; is
defeated by them at Drumclog in 1679, 257 ; behaviour of, at the battle of Both-
well Bridge, 258 ; causes Brown, " the Christian carrier " to be shot, and in-
sults his wife, 260.
Clavering, gen., a member of the council of Calcutta, vi. 429; claims the gover-
nor-generalship, 431 ; and assumes its powers ; he is compelled to give it up ;
death of. 432.
Claviere, minister of finance, 1792, vi. 531 ; quarrels with Brissot, 232 ; resumes
his office, 540.
Clay, Henry, an American plenipotentiary for signing the peace of Ghent, vii.
Clement XIII., pope, 1758-1769, vi. 600; defends the Jesuits, 145.
Clement XIV. ; he suppresses the Jesuits, 1773, vi. 145 ; pope 1769-1774, 600.
Clergy, the position and condition of, in the 15th century, ii. 94 ; intercourse of,
with the laity, 91 ; payment of curates, 95 ; dislike of, to the monastic orders,
96 ; influence of domestic chaplains, 96 ; influence or, in the making of wills,
97, 98 ; injurious effects of the " benefit of clergy " upon the morals of the peo-
ple, temp. Henry VII., 230 ; increased dissatisfaction of the people with the op-
pressions of, 317 ; statutes passed in the parliament of 1529 against ecclesiasti-
cal abases, 318; resistance offered by them to the passing of, 320 ; visited with
heavy penalties for submitting to Wolsey as legate. 333; Act abolishing the
payment of annates by, to the see of Kome, carried into effect in 1533, 335, 336 ;
ordered to preach at Paul's cross that the pope hath no authority in the realm,
349 ; visitation of the monasteries ordered in 1535, 567 ; delinquencies of the
monks, 371 ; dissoluteness of the inmates of religious houses exposed by the
visitation of commissioners, 422 ; occasional excep;ions, 422 ; character of the
parochial clergyman, 507 ; married clergy expelled from their livings in 1554,
601 ; increased severity of the persecution against married clergymen, 617 ;
state of, at the commencement of the civil war in 1642, iii. 438 ; number ejected
from their livings on the adoption of the Presbyterian Covenant, in 1643, 488 ;
legal provision for, not interfered with during the Civil War, iv. 138; the ejected
ministers restored in 1660, 138; income of the clergy compared with that of other
grades of society, 450 ; their condition and character, temp. Q. Anne, 451 ; ex-
horted by Burnet to " labour more," 452 ; divisions among the clergy regard-
ing the Comprehension Bill and the reforming the liturgy, 1689, 466 ; introduc-
tion of the terms High and Low Church, about 1689, 468 ; the episcopalian
clergy of Scotland " rabbled ; " and turned out of their livings by the Covenan-
ters, 484; protestant clergy of Ireland deprived of their benefices, seek refuge
in England, where they are aided by puMic subscriptions, and appointed to
lectureships, &c. ; their property in Ireland is transferred to the Roman Cath-
olics, 495; division in the Church,, 502; Queen Anne restores the " first fruits
and tenths," of all preferme-iits, to the church for the benefit of the ; it is pop-
ularly known as " Queen Anne's Bounty," v. 128 ; the English clergy, 1737-
1783; their disregard of morality ; neglect of their sacred functions, vi. 411, 412;
their conviviality, card-playing, and apathy, 413 ; Cowper's description of the
clergyman of his time, vii. 500.
Clerk, John, of Eldin, his claim to the idea of breaking the line of battle at sea
considered, vi. 261.
Clinton, sir Henry, appointed commander of the British army in America, 1778,
vi. 212 ; sails from New York ; invests Charleston, which capitulates, May 12,
1780 ; returns to New York leaving Cornwallis in command, 235 ; Washington's
letter to, remonstrating against Cornwallis's severities, 235 ; his reply, 23G; ac-
cepts Arnold's treacherous overture ; and opens a secret correspondence with
him, 237 ; demands Andre's release, 238.
Clive, Robert, lord ; general in the Indian Army, which he enters as ensign, v. 593;
captain ; attacks and takes Arcott ; besieged therein by Raiah Sahib, 594 ; who,
however, is compelled to raise the siege, 594 ; Clive take's Trichinopoly ; re-
turns to England ; marries Miss Maskelyne ; appointed governor of Fort
St. David, and lieutenant-colonel, 1755, 595, 596 ; returns to Fort St. Da-
vid, June ; appointed to the command of the expedition against Surajah
Dowlah ; retakes Calcutta, Jan. 2, 1757 ; his successful night attack frightens
the subahdar into a peace ; enters into an alliance with him; Ohamlemagore
taken from the French ; his unscrupulous policy towards Omichuud, vi, 29 ;
hi* own defence of this conduct in 1773 ; defeats Surajah Dowlah at Plassey
June 23,^9, 30 ; installs Meer Jaffier into the subalidarship of Bengal ; his
character ; establishes the British ascendency in India, 31 ; governor and coin-
mander-in-ohief of Bengal ; establishes the British power in India, 153 ; returns
to England, 1767, 153.
Closter-seven, convention of, Oct. 22, 1757, agreed to by the dake of Cumberland,
vi. 36, 001 ; the king refuses to ratify it, 38.
Cloth. See Wool : Yorkshire : Leeds-
Clothing, deaniess and scarcity of, in the 15th century, ii. 91.
consumption of, by London, in queen Anne's time, 415, 416 ; cruelties inflicted
on women and children employed in coal mines, viii. 220, 221.
Coal-trade to France, and restrictions on exportation, in the reien of Henrv
VIII., ii. 498.
Cobbett, William, his partiality for the Wiltshire Downs, vi. 318 ; attributes the
panic of 1816 to the scarcity of corn, vii. 430 ; advocates parliamentary reform ;
sudden influence of his writings amongst the labouring classes in 1816, 449, 450;
flies to America, and ceases to publish nis Register for four months, 464 ; per-
sonal appearance of ; takes hie seat on the Treasury bench in the Commons,
1833, viii. 126, 127 ; his speech against appointing Mr. Sutton speaker, 127 ;
against Agnew's Sabbath observance bill, 132 ; his intemperate motion to dis-
miss Peel from the Privy Council as the author of the currency bill of 1819, re-
Cobden, Richard, insists upon the total repeal of the corn duties, viii. 339 ; his
speech laying the responsibility for the country's distress on Sir R. Peel, 347 ;
his speech on moving for an inquiry into the extent of the agricultural distress;
his motion rejected, 381 .
Cobentzel, Austrian plenipotentiary, at Udine, 1797 ; Bonaparte's simile with
his tea service, vii. 91, 92.
Cobham, lord, captures Vigo, 1719, v. 403.
Coburg, prince of, commands the French at Neerwinden, 1793, vi. 590 j Ids con-
tradictory proclamations, 591 ; commands the allied army, vii. 13 ; driven over
the Sambre by Jourdan, 27.
Cockburn, admiral, with general Ross, incite the American negroes to revolt,
1814, vii. 376.
Codriiigtoii, sir Edward, admiral in command of the allied fleet ; interferes with
Turkey's conduct towards Greece, viii. 14, 15 ; gains the battle of Navarino, 15.
Coercion Bill for Ireland, viii. 131-135 ; becomes law, April 2, 1833, 135 ; proposed
renewal of, not carried, 1834, 162 ; passed in a modified form, 163.
Coffee, tax on, 17th century, iv. 428.
Coffee-houses, vi. 397, 398.
Cogidubnus, British legate at Chichester, under the Roman empire, i. 52.
Cohorn , engineer of the States-general ; besieged in Namur, 1692, iv. 564 ;
wounded, 564 ; aids in recapturing Namur, 1695, v. 19 ; aids Marlborough in
his campaign of 1702, 115 ; with him plans the capture of Antwerp, 122.
Coin, chief priest of the Northumbrian Saxons, converted by Paulmus, destroys
the idols, i. 89.
Coinage. See Money.
Coins, ancient British, i 26, note.
Coke, Mr., his agricultural improvements of Norfolk, vi. 301, 302.
Coke, sir Edward, bitterness of his speech as attorney -general against the earl of
Essex, iii. 218 ; brutality of his conduct when prosecuting Raleigh, 242 ; as lord
sists in the debate on"the Petition of RigSt in 1628, 336 ; denounces the duke of
Buckingham in the House of Commons, 338.
Colchester, the ancient Camalodunum, i. 26 ; description of the castle of, );
supposed temple to Claudius at, 30.
Colchester, lord, his account of the battle of Steinkirk, iv. 5C8.
Colchester. Charles Abbot, lord, his account of the king's refusal to make con
cess ons to Catholics, vii. 153; quotations from his diary, 190, 192, 196, 197, OM,
204, 229, 233. 235, 248, 280, 282.-306, 312,314, 322 ; as Speaker gives the casting vott
for eansuriniz lord Melville, 201.
Colepepper ; committed to the Gate House for presenting the Kentish petition,
1701 v 99
Coleridge. S. T., remarks of, on the French Revolution of 1789, vi. 491, 492 ; on
Burke's " Reflections," 501 ; and on Robespierre, vii. 46 ; character of his poetic
labours, 50G ; failure of his dramas, 514.
College, old, of physicians, built by "Wren, v. 340.
Colli commands the Austro-Sardinian army against Bonaparte, 1796, vii. 64.
Collier, Jeremy, castigates play writers, v. 49.
Collingwood, Cuthbert, commands the Excellent at the battle of St. Vincent ;
supports Nelson in the contest, vii. 77 ; watches the French and Spanish fleet,
204 ; aids Nelson in gaining the victory of Trafalgar. Oct. 21, 105, 209, 211 ; his
grief for the loss of Nelson, 210, 211 ; his advice to Duckworth, 253.
Collins, publication of his " Eclogues," 1742, and " Odes," 1746, vi. 387.
Collins, character of his paintings, vii. 548.
Collot d' Herbois aids in destroying Lyon, 1793, vii. 18.
Colonization, systematic, plan of, proposed by Charles Buller, viii. 349.
Combermere, viscount, commander-in-chief of India, vii. 631 ; bombards Bhurfr-
pore, Nov. 23, 1825, and captures it, Jan. 18, 632.
Combination laws passed in the 18th century ; repealed in the 19th, v, 574-576.
Committee of Public Salvation instituted 1793, vi. 592.
Companies, mania for, 1689-1714, iv. 430.
Comprehension Bill introduced, not passed, 1689, iv. 466.
Compton, Henry, bishop of London, preaches the sermon at the opening of St.
Paul's cathedral, Dec. 2, 1797, v. 42.
Compton, sir Spencer, treasurer of Prince of Wales, 1727, v. 429 ; speaker of the
House of Commons, 429 ; Walpole draws up the royal speech for him ; disap-
pointed at not obtaining the primiership, 430 ; first lord of the Treasury, 1742.
Conan, the leader of the British forces under Maximus, founds a colony in Brit-
tany, A.D. 388, i. 68.
Conde, Prince de, flies from Paris, 1789, vi. 482.
Cond6, surrendered to the Allies, July, 1793, vii. 14.
Condorcet, a republican, vi. 516 ; a left side member of the Legislative Assembly,
Conflans, a French admiral, defeated by Hawke, 1759, vi. 48, 49.
Congress. See Hague, Verona, Vienna, Laybach, Carlsbad, Troppau, Radstadt.
Congreve, his estimate of the female character of his day, v. 300.
Comngsby, lord, impeaches the earl of Oxford, 1715, v. 364.
Constable, character of his painting, vii. 547, 548.
Constantine, accession of, to the government of Britain, i. 44 ; glowing account
of prosperous state of Britain under, 44.
Constantine. raised to the imperial throne by the aid of the army in Britain, A.D.
306, i. 63 ; the civil goverment of Britain remodelled by, 65 ; death of, A.D.
Constantinople, treaty of, July 8, 1833, viii. 205-
Constautius, the emperor, supports the authority of Paulus, and applauds his
savage cruelties, i. 66.
Constitutional Charter issued by Louis XVIII., 1814, vii. 385, 386.
Contades, mareschal de, defeated by Ferdinand, 1759, vi. 43.
Contemporary sovereigns, tables of, i. 605-607 ; ii. 641 : iii. 628 ; iv. 596 ; v. 603,
604 ; vi. 600 ; vii. 636-638; viii. 433, 434.
Convention, English, of 1689, declared a parliament, iv. 462, 463.
Convention, Scotch, of 1689, proceedings of , iv. 483-488-
Conversation, the, of the 18th century, vi. 408, 409.
Conway, general, takes the citadel of Aix, 1757, vi. 35 ; valour displayed in cam-
paign of 1761. 60 ; votes against the ministry on the question of the legality of
feneral warrants, 80 ; dismissed from his regiment and parliament for so
oing, 81 ; secretary of state, 1765, 90 ; introduces the repeal of the American
Stamp Act Bill, 96 ; enthusiasm towards him for being the mover, 96, 97 ;
secretary of state, 1765-1768, 98, 140 ; moves for the cessation of war, 261 ; uses
harsh language towards Pitt, 446.
Conyngham, marquis of. lord steward ; governor of Windsor Castle : delays
swearing in the members of parliament, viii. 38, 39; postmaster-general, l.S:>4,
160 ; lord chamberlain, 203.
Cook, captain, his voyages and discoveries ; visits Otaheite, New Zealand, and
New South Wales ; discovers the Society Islands, vi. 577, 578.
Cook, Thomas, chairman of E. I. Company ; concerned in bribing members of
parliament, v- 14.
Cooke, Henry, restorer of the Raffaelle cartoons, v. 349.
Cooke, M.P. for Middlesex ; death of, vi. 112.
Cookham, its high parochial condition, viii. 151.
Cooksworthy discovers a flue clay for porcelain, vi. 356.
Coote, sir Eyre, commander of the British forced in India, vi. 433 ; defeats Hydcr
Ali, July.'l, and Aug. 27, 1781, 435.
Coote, sir Eyre, conducts the siege of Flushing, 1809, vii. 295.
Cope, sir John, commander-in-chief of Scotland, v. 508 ; marches from Stirling in
pursuit of the rebels, 1745 ; declines to encounter the prince's army amoncst
the mountains ; marches on to Inverness, 509 ; embarks at Aberdeen ; lands
at Dunbar, Sept. 18 ; marches towards Edinburgh. 510 ; takes up his position
at Preston to receive his opponent ; where his troops are routed on the 2ind in
the battle of Preston Pans. 512, 513.
Copenhagen, battle of, April 2, 1801, vii. 157, 160; bombarded by the British
Copley. See Lyndhurst.
Copley, J. S., West's rival in painting ; example of his style, vii. 543, 544.
Copper mines and smelting, iv. 397-117.
Coracles, small fishing boats, used by the Britons, i. 22.
Coram, captain. See Foundling.
Corday, Charlotte, cause of her assassinating Marat ; the deed is done July 13
1793 ; she is executed, vi. 597-
Cork capitulates to Marlborough, Sept. 29, 1690, iv. 523.
Cornish, alderman, his attainder reversed, 1689, iv. 494.
Corn-law, the first passed in England in 1463, ii. 76 ; effects of that passed 1815,
vii. 425, 426, 577 ; a new act passed 1822. 577 ; relaxation of the, resisted, 1826, 605,
606 ; fears of their being repealed, viii. 119 120 ; general opposition manifested
towards the Corn-laws ; the Anti-Corn-law League, viii. 270, 271 ; sir Robert
Peel refuses to propose any alteration in the Corn-laws, 337, 338 ; after a pro-
longed debate sir Robert Peel's Bill is adopted, 338, 339 ; a Corn-bill for Canada
passed, 348 ; debates on the, 364; proposed to be modified by sir R. Peel, 387 ;
their appeal advocated by lord J. Russell, 388 ; different opinions of the Cabi-
net members as to their repeal, 388, 389 ; sir R. Peel's plan for a new Corn-law
Bill, 395 ; debate on the bill, 396, 397 ; it is ultimately passed, 398 ; and received
the Royal Assent, June, 1846, 398 ; banquet at Manchester to celebrate the
repeal of the Corn-laws, 427.
Corn trade at the end of the 17th century, iv. 419, 420.
Cornwall, mineral products and condition of, temp. William and Anne, iv. 397,
398 ; agriculture of, vi. 322.
Cornwallis, Charles, sails from Cork with seven regiments, Feb. 1776; present at
the battle of Brooklyn, vi. 190 ; follows Washington in his retreat as far as
Trenton, 191 ; routs the Americans at the battle of the Brandy wine, Sept. 13,
1777; occupies Phil.-idelphia, 199; left in command of Charleston, 235; his
severities towards deserters and prisoners, 235 ; defeats Gates at Camden, Aug.
16, 1780, 235 ; his march through Carolina ; crippled by the defeat of Tarleton
at Cowpens, 1781, 247; defeats general Greene at Guilford, JViar. 15; recom-
mends a vigorous attack upon Virginia, 249 ; marches into Virginia without
orders; enters Charlottesville, and York Town, which last he fortifies, 150;
tion and finance ; complains of the insufficient European troops, 573 ; Tippoo
forces him into a war ; Cornwallis takes Bangalore Mar. 21, 1791 ; defeats
Tippoo, May 15 ; compelled to retreat by sickness and famine, 573, 574 ; capture
of Serin gapatam, Feb. 1792; makes peace with Tippoo, Mar., 576; describes
France's ability to carry on war in a state of anarchy, vii. 47,48 ; unwilling to
accept the command of the allied armies, 1794, 49; master-general of the
ordnance ; advice as to volunteers, 106 ; lord-lieutenant of Ireland and com-
mander-in-ohief, 1798 ; arrives in Dublin, June 20, 113; he softens the ferocity
of the troops, 114, 115 ; marches against the French under Humbert; and com-
pels him to retreat to the quarters of general Lake, by whom the French are
made to surrender, 116 ; accused of being too lenient, 116 advocates the eman-
cipation of the Catholics, 118, 119; wishes to postpone the introduction of the
Union measure, 121, 122 ; his opinion of Grenville's answer to Bonaparte, 1800,
142 ; remarks of, on the influence of the king's narrow views on Irish ajtairs,
Coronation oath, 'dubious construction of, iv. 472 ; difficulties caused by this in
George III.'s time, vii. 151, 191, 247 ; and in George IV.'s reign, viii. 236, ft seq.
Corporation and Test Acts, attempts to obtain the repeal of the, 1730, v. 435,4J(> ;
vi. 498 ; repealed, 1828, viii. 23.
Corruption, parliamentary, 1693. 4, v. 14, 15, 412. 413.
Corrv, chancellor of Irish exchequer ; duels witli Grattan, vn. 124.
Corsica ceded to France, 1768 ; Paoli's resistance, vi. 141 ; revolt of, 1*94 ; annexed
to Great Britain ; restored to France, vii. 52.
Corunna. battle of, Jan. 16. 1809, vii. 278.
Cossein, Meer, subahdar of Bengal ; quarrels with the English ; war for deposing
him ; murders 150 prisoners ; defeated, vi. 152.
Costv.me, extensive use of hoop petticoats, v. 300 ; note on the Highland, 517, 518 ;
pride taken in dress by the gentlemen, temp. 1737-1783, vi. 407, 408 ; Prince of
Wales's, on his introduction to the house of peers, 1783, 137.
'Cotton, the first mill, established by Arkwright, vi. 315, 348 ; trade in 1788, 344 ;
John Kaye introduces the fly shuttle ; improvements in machines for spinning,
344 ; demand for yarn ; Hargreaves completes his spinning jenny, 1767, 345 ;
domestic cotton spinning about to cease, 346; Arkwright' s invention of his
patent spinning machine, 347 ; difficulties of bringing it into general use over-
come, 318 : invention of the spinning mule by Crompton ; the machine com-
pleted, 1779, 349 ; given to the public, 350 ; rush to engage in spinning, 351 ;
commencement of the system of emptying factory children, 351 ; employment
of steam engines in the manufacture of, 352 ; the old spinning wheel and the
modern spinning mill contrasted, 352 ; Cartwright's invention of the power
loom, 353; slow introduction into general use; number used in 1813, 1833,
and 1856, 353; British import of American, in 1785, 1791, 1801, 1811, 1812, 1813,
and 1859, vii. 3G7 ; attempts to grow, in India, G34, 635.
Cotton, sir S. See Combermere, viscount.
Couthon shares in executing the Lyonnese, 1793, vii. 18 ; his cruelty, 45, and death,
Country justices in the last century described, vi. 410.
Court Martial Bill rejected, 1757, vi. 24.
Courtenay, sir W. See Thorn.
Courts of Law, established by Henry II.. i. 315.
Covenanters, under Baillie, are defeated by Montrose in 1645, iii. 513 ; obtain the
rule in Scotland, after tho capture of Hamilton, in 1618, 566 ; their exultation at
the defeat and capture of Montrose, in 1G50, 607 ; insurrection of, in the West
of Scotland, in 1666, 189 ; cruelties practised towards, 190 ; resistance of, to the
Black Indulgence, 255 ; attempt of Lauderdale to reduce, by military force,
256 ; cruelties exercised towards, 256 ; murder of archbishop Sharpe, 257 ; de-
feat Claverhouse at Drumclog, 257 ; are defeated at Bothwell Bridge on June
22, 1679, 257 ; moderation of Moiimouth towards, 258 ; receive the name of
Whig, 251) ; cruelties inflicted on, by the duke of York and Claverhouse, 200 ; a
Test Act passed against the Covenant in 1682, 279 ; fresh cruelties committed
upon, 279 ; renewed and illegal persecutions of, in 1083, 289 ; fresh laws ob-
tained against them by James II. in 1685, and the soldiery let loose upon them,
Covent Garden Theatre built by Smirke, 1808, 1809, vii. 534.
Covered ways, or roads, of the Britons, in Wiltshire, continued existence of, i.
Cox, David, character of his paintings, vii. 549.
Cowpens, battle of, Jan. 1781, vi. 248.
Cowper, William, earl, appointed lord keeper, 1705, v. 169 ; his faint hopes of
peace with France, 2">3 ; reads George I.'s first speech to the English parlia-
ment, 363 ; passes sentence of death, as lord high steward, upon the lords con-
cerned in the rebellion of 1715, 381 ; his motion for the repeal of the pest house
laws rejected, 415 ; opposes the passing of the bill of pains and penalties, 1723,
Cowper, William ; his description of the conversation of his time, vi. 408 ; of the
apathy of the clergy, 412, 413 ; quotations from his " Task," 479 ; vii. 314 ; late
appearance as a writer, 498, 499 ; first volume published, 1784 ; and second in
1785 ; character of his writings ; died 1800, 499 ; manners of his age as depicted
by, 500, 501.
Crabbe, George, quotations from, vi. 303, 412 ; a poet of two periods, vii. 501 ; his
early poems; those called ''The Library "and "The Newspaper" noticed,
501; appearance of his volume containing the "Parish Kegister," 1S07; <>f
" The Borough," in 1810 ; of " Tales," in 1812 ; and of " Tales of the Hall," in
1819, 510 ; delineations of manners contained in his poems, 510, 511 ; died 1832,
Cracow made a free republic, 1846, viii. 205.
Cradock, sir John, commands the British in Portugal, vii. 284 ; removed to Gib-
Craggs, postmaster-general, bribed, v. 412 ; commits suicide, 414.
Craggs, James, appointed secretary at war, 1717, v. 394 ; receives a bribe from
the South Sea Company directors, 412 ; dies of small pox during the inquiry
into the bribes connected with the South Sea Scheme, 1721, 414.
Cranbourne tried and executed for designing to kill Will, III. 1696, v. 32.
Cranmer, Thomas, sent with the ambassador to the crowning of the emperor
Charles V., in 1530, ii. 325 ; writes a book to prove the invalidity of tho king'i
sentence of divorce on May 23, 1533, 344 ; description of the coronation of Anne
lioieyn by, 344 ; endeavours .ineffectually to exempt sir Thomas More from
taking an oath as to the illegality of the king's first marriage, 355 ; his letter
to the king in favour of Anne Boleyn, 379 ; dissuades the king from putting
the princess Mary to death 388 ; servility of, 417 ; opposes the Act of the Six
Articles, but ultimately submits to it, 433 ; consents to the Act declaring the